Newspaper Page Text
V pl LXIII----X 0 20.618.
THE RUSSIAN GAME.
Czar Thought To Be Playing the
Orient Against the Balkans.
<Sx»ftel to Th# N>« York Tribune by French Cable.)
<Coi*yrijrht ; 1903: By The Tribune Association.)
London. April '29. 1 a. m.— The Manchurian
question raised by the "Washington .Govern
ment would make more stir if there were not
•well founded suspicions that the Russian For
mer. Office waa seeking to divert attention from
the N>ar East to the Far East. Experienced
men within nnd outside the Foreign Office are
convinced that the Russian Government Is not
bent on forcing the advantages of its position to
Manchuria, but is playing with the question in
order to conceal more serious designs in the
Balkans, where counter movements are in prog
ress against the reforms which have received
the auction of the European power?. One move
tnent is IBM Albanian revolt against the Sul
tan's concessions and another is the Bul
garian insurrection against Turkish rule. Rus
sian diplomacy has a double aim; first, to ren
6"- Turkish dominion impossible In the Balkan
peninsula, and. second, to keep the races and
nationalities divided and prevent their union and
ronfederat'on. One of the best Informed diplo
mats in London tells me that this is the real
explanation of what is going on both in Mace
donia and Manchuria. The Chinese pongs are
beaten in Manchuria to deceive the European
■powers as well as lan American Government.
but the real work of Russian diplomacy lies in
Macedonia, where the Albanians and Bulgarians
are expected tc render a continuance of the
Turkish administration impossible, and. In the
end. the intervention of the Northern power In
evitable, either this year or the next. The real
theatre of war will not be Macedonia, but the
seaboard, from Constantinople to Burgas and
Varna. The Turkish army <s strongly concen
trated at Burgas, and could overrun the princi
pality of Bulgaria, and Macedonia could be held
hy parrisons of moderate strength. The Bul
garian army, on the other hand, operating
across the mountains from Sofia, would be
hopelessly blocked, whereas it could ewoop
down on Constantinople if directed from a Black
Sea base. The Russian campaign against Tur
key will naturally be fought outside of Mace
donia and along the co^t of the Black Sea
from either Varna or Burgas to Constantinople.
Tbeae views are frankly expressed by those
closely in touch with the mysterious move
ments now in progress in the Balkan region.
The "Communique," Inspired by the Russian
Embassy in Vienna, says that the Russian Gov
ernment has not omitted, through its repre
sentatives abroad, to give an explanation to
the powers of the negotiations with China in the
Manchurian affair. From these it is shown that
Russia's demands are entirely correct. The
Russian Government considers ii indispensable,
In vie^r of the situation in China, for guarantees
to be given on the side of the Chinese Govern
ment. This seems necessary, both in Russia's
interest and that of China, before the complete
Russian withdrawal from Manchuria, The po
litical and commercial interests of other states
-will in no way be injured by the guarantees de
manded- The Russian Government will, under
all circumstances, persist in its demands.
"Th* 1 frst me* 5 " I I * British commission
• • :he St. Louis Exposition was heid tt bfaxi
gh House yesterday. The Prince of Wales.
- ho presided, ridiculed the notion that it would
of much use for British manufacturers to
■ in the United States owir.tr to the high
an tariff. He pointed out that there was
iderable market for high class goods in
- :ted States, and that the exposition would
an opportunity for showing British
■antana ' n customers from South Amer-
Ics Canada and other countries. The prince
- ed the impression that a decision would
I arrived at by the government as to the
-mount to be granted to carry out the
■ af the commission until it had been ascer
to what extent British manufacturers
v ould take part in the exposition. Lord Peel.
-'6-rman of the commission, explained the ac
aat had already t~en taken with reference
totlM preparation for British exhibits, and also
■ vision of a British pavilion.
- unofficially atated that the pavilion will
t* a reproduction of the Kensington Palace or-
I r iot. which was built by Sir Christopher
for Queer. Ann". Th* orangery has al
ways been regarded as a choice example of Eng-
Hah garden architecture, with a genuine air of
. : Knglard. It should make a winning picture
K. Louis next su.nmer.
The Unionists have been in office eight years.
Hanbury was the first minister to die
harness. He was an energetic man. who
his way into office by guerilla fourth
tacbee, and became a strict disciplinarian.
rant of independent ludgment, when he
member of the ministry. Mr. Han
■ aa an excellent man of business, with a
• rrcaae fortune, and his death is regretted
arge circle of friends.
The R.-v. Dr. Gibson, one of the leaders of
.. prosbyteri&nism. sails at the end of
71* xt week for Canada.
Profespor Edward MacDowell. of .Columbia
:j= now in London enjoying the "Wag
ie. Mme. Patti is also one of the inter
aatei ?p*ctator* at Covent Garden. I. N. F.
OVER PALISADES. DIES.
Man Rides Of Cliff on Bicycle—
Suicide, It Is Thought.
JoFepb Lippe, fifty-six years old. of No. 223
Ea-t Seventieth-st.. this city, while riding a
blryde went over the Palisades near the West
Shore Railroad yard at Weehawken yesterday
and was - tally injured. . . _.
L'ppe dropped about one hundred feet. The
\V«^h«Wen police think he committed suicide.
Th- assistant yard master of the West Shore
Kallrofd said he saw Lipp* riding at a rapid
wte direct for the edge of the Palisades down
vThich he afterward plunged. It was broad daj -
CONDEMNED BY ARCHBISHOP.
Montreal Prelate, in Pastoral Letter, Advises
Ignoring of Labor Agitators.
St. John M 8.. April ■.-*■ a pastoral Utter to
fcts parish.' a copy of which has reached this city.
Archbishop Biadtert. of Montreal. ronderans labor
leaders and org-^Uers. and advtoe* the laboring
class* to pay no heed to strife. agitators but to
look for arbitration on .lust and reasonable dc
zaande. In part the Archbishop says:
They are the most dangerous » airW £ not
*• hoes interest* tliey P^^TiL °u-^estlons. They
osr laboring classes heed \* elr J^p^eived by
have absolutely noitlng " &***• g to com .
lfee*a false friends, and ," rB a *? ttos on .hey Jv "iW. en the
nilt the most lamentable acts, they .*•
contrary, forfeit public eympath).
FOUR MILUON O^tONfl IN BgXD^
faf nf « j.hj aslf oro quality 01 V *A e /J* — — - -
Thnr.^.M^tr-oood, NEW- YORK, WEDNESDAY. APRIL 29. 1903. -SIXTEEN PAGES.—^Ti-^^JSi^
PROMIXEXT FIGURES I\ CONNECTION WITH THE FRAXCHISE TAX DECISIOX.
EDWARD M. GROUT.
ACTS IN SELF-DEFENCE.
PUSHED BY FOREIGXERS.
Russian Diplomat's Explanation
of De m ands on China.
London, April 29. — In a dispatch from Tokin
the correspondent of "The Daily Mail" says that
the Russian Charge d'Affaires at Peking told a
Japanese newspaper man that the Japanese,
English and Americans came to Manchuria with
a political object, ana that Russia's attempt to
exclude them was an act of self-defence. The
Russian paid that he could not understand why
Japan was not satisfied with her acquisitions lr.
Corea. but stretched out her hand toward Man
American war vessels are assembling at Yoko
hama, continues the correspondent, supposedly
in connection with the Manchurian situation.
The Japanese and British ministers at Peking
have formally warned China against the ac
ceptance of the Russian demands. The Jap
anese hold proofs that Admiral AlexiefE is using
Chinese highwaymen at Moukden to create dis
order. In conclusion _ the representatives of
"The Daily Mail" says that the Russian authori
ties are buying large quantities of provisions
Tokio. April 2S.— The "Jiff published to-day a
dispatch from Peking, in which its correspond
ent quoted the Russian Minister as paying that
the remonstrances of Japan and the other pow
ers would cause the statesmen now paramount
at St. Petersburg to decide to incorporate the
three provinc-s of Manchuria in the Russian
GOES TO MAXCHURIA.
Russian War Minister May Visit
St. Petersburg. April 28.— The War Minister, Gen
eral Kuropatkln, started on a special train to-day
for Manchuria, He may go to Japan. A farewell
•breakfast was given for General Kuropatkin yes
terday at the Chinese legation. J Lieutenant Gen
eral Sakharoft* has been appointed Acting "War
Minister during the absence of General Kuropat
kin. The latter, who Intends to make a thorough
inspection of Manchuria, will be absent about two
months, and -will visit Port Arthur. Dalr.y and
Vladivostok. Though die general's intention to
make the trip was announced publicly some weeks
ago his departure has excited speculation, in view
of the recent news from Manchuria.
The Marine Minister has decided to order the
construction of twenty gunboats, which will have
tut"blne engines, for the protection of the Russian
frontier at the Amoor River.
SOME DOUBT ABOUT PROPOSALS.
London. April 28. — Replying to a question by
Earl Spencer, the Liberal leader, in the House
of Lords to-day, as to whether he could lay on
the table the dispatches ir: regard to the com
munications reported to have passed between
the Russian and Chinese governments, Foreign
Secretary Lansdowne said that the question was
now engaging the most serious attention of the
government. There was some doubt regarding
the actual facts of Russia's proposals in regard
to the evacuation of Manchuria, and he hoped
the silence he was bound to maintain at present
would not be of long duration.
A DEFINITE REFUSAL.
Peking, April 28. — China has given Russia
what the officials describe as a final and definite
refusal to accept her demands regarding Man
LOSS OVER A MILLION.
International Salt Company Plant At South
Chicago, April 2S.— The plant of the Inter
national Bait Company at South Chicago, with
three boats lying ir. the Calumet River, was des
t-oyed by fire to-night. The loss is estimated
at 51. 250,000. that of the International Salt
Company being placed at $800,000.
The buildings of the Salt company plant cov
ered nearly sixteen acres, extending along the
Calumet River. In these buildings were stored
400,000 tons of salt, and the greater part of
this is said to have been ruined by fire and water
Included in the company's loss are the docks
extending 1,500 feet along the Calumet River.
GOLD STANDARD HIS MISSION.
Mexican Minister of Finance on His Way
to This City.
San Antonio. Texas, April 28.— Senor Liman
tour. Minister of Finance of Mexico was in San
Antonio this afternoon, on his way to Wash
ington and New-York. He was asked whether
his visit to New- York bad any bearing on the
proposition to place Mexico on a gold standard
"That la partly my mission." said the minis
ter "I should i.c clad to settle this matter
of 'finance, but it is a matter thai requires a
deal of time. Mexico is studying the Proposi
tion now. and la carefully working out the de
tails/ I regret that l cannot go into particu
lars 'as to my mission."
MORE RIOTS OVER FRIARS.
Marseilles. April -Rioting occured again
to-day around the Capuchin convent, where
the friars barricaded themselves. Several thou
•and .III! — gathered about the place at an
early hour, many of them earning banners
having anti-clerical inscriptions. In a charge
£ hv th.- police Commissary Soucbxm was
«ru-k on the m.r n . u.l'an.J badly hurt The fight
bl< me r-n-n.:. itones and clubs betas
\> nf nnlicemen were Injured and close
tr^Z;. ■ r^r,,,!*,.. .1, ,i-: to dose
all stretts leading to U a consent.
EMPEROR WILLIAM'S VISIT.
Berlin April ;8.-Emperor William will be ac
companied on his visit to Home by Chancellor yon
BliT<£ and Field Marsha; yon Waldersee.
TI Jf A^ffi pl nU O r.nniS lf m- TH^ND^
ggt^gysu^S r*ad it next Buud^-.-^AdvX
JITXtK IRVT>*G VANN.
HOLDS FRANCHISE TAX VALID.
COURT OF APPEALS DECISION TO BE TAKES TO U. S.
Judges Unanimously Decide Corporations Liable to City for $18,000,000
Pome of the larger special franchise taxpayers:
Stater, Island Electric Railroad $<i,Mnflo
Manhattan Railway Company 1.012.425 00
Bronx Gas and Electric Company 188.0*5 00
Consolidated Gas Company 36f>,442 50
New-York Mutual Gasllgrht Company M. 491 35
New- York Edison Company 218.142*0
New-Amsterdam Gas Company 106,178 10
New-York and Xew-Jersey Telephone Com- •
Western Union Telegraph Company 10,801 00
Broadway and Seventh Avenue Railroad 144.568 04
Special franchise assessments, as turned over by the State Board to the local tax officials
1000. 1901- '
Manhattan . . .• |16(5.7G3.«fi» $1*1.054.357
The Bronx ~ 7.272.24 a 7.466.253
Brooklyn _ 89.250.552 , 85,084.220
Queens .-. 4.036.N17 5.768.404
Richmond -.. — 2,356.064 2.060.810
Totals - - |219.67P,3.">1 J211.." ».U<*
Net tax 4.866,748 4,025,291
Total arrearages (not including 1903), $14.944.146 89.
LOSE LOXG LEGAL FIGHT.
Corporation* Fought Constitution
ality from the Beginning.
[T.Y TELEGRAPH TO THE TRIBUNE. 1
Albany, April 2S.— The Special Franchise Tax
law, favored and signed by Theodore Roosevelt
•when he was Governor of this State, after a long
battle in the courts has been declared consti
tutional in a Court of Appeals decision to-day.
Moreover, every judge of the court that listened
to the argument on the 3uits brought contesting:
the validity of the law declared it constitutional
—Chief Judge Parker and Associate Judges
O'Brien. Bartlett, Martin, Vann, Cullen and
"Werner. Judge Vann wrote the opinion, in
■which all concurred.
Ex-Ser.ator David B. Hill, one of the chief
counsel of the corporations concerned, did not
deny to-day that it was their intention to carry
the case to the United States Supreme Court
when the probability of such action was men
tioned to him.
The battle over the Special Franchise Tax
has been a long: and dramatic one. In its orig
inal form it was submitted to the Senat" in
1800 by Senator Johr Ford, of New-York. The
Senate on April 11, 1899, passed the bill by a
vote of 33 to 11. Air.ong those who voted for
the bill were Senator Frank "W. Higplns. present
Lieutenant Governor, and Senator E. R. Brown.
Senator Elsberg. Senator Malby, Senator Mar
shall and Senator Raines, who are still Sen
ators. Governor Roosex-elt the day before ad
journment sent an emergency message to both
houses certifying to the need of the immediate
passage of the measure.
The Assembly, however, did nnt act. and it
Rppeared as though certain leaders in the As
sembly were reluctant to permit a vote. Finally
on the morning of adjournment, late in the ses
sion, they submitted, and. amid intense excite
ment, it was passed by a vote of 1"!' to :!.".
The corporations affected, who had not ex
perted that it would pass, appealed for a hear
ing, at which ex-Senator Hill as counsel for cer
tain of them, denounced the measure and. Gov
ernor Roosevelt, convinced that the bill should
be amended, called an extraordinary session of
the legislature, which met on May -- and
amended it so as to give the State Tax Com
missioners the power to appraise the franchises
of the corporations, and not the local authori
ties. The act was passed by the Senate and
Assembly on the same day. The Democrats of
the Assembly and the Senate almost unanimous
ly voted against its passage, on the ground that
it deprived local assessors of the right of ap
j>rai«=in(T the franchise? <>f corporations. Gov
ernor Roosevelt took the precaution of Including
the original Ford act in the amendatory' act.
10 save something of the law if the new pro
visions should be declared unconstitutional.
No sooner was the appraisement of the fran
chise; of the corporations completed by the State
T;ix Commissioners and an attempt made to
collect taxes under it than the corporations be
gan contesting the constitutionality of the law
and have contested it ever since. The chief suits
were brought by the Metropolitan Street Hail
way Company, the Consolidated Gas Company,
the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company and other
large corporations of New-York. Ex-Senator
Hill appeared as their leading counsel, and there
Bsociated with him *»x-Judg ■ Charles F.
Brown, Frank H. Platt. William H. Page. jr..
Charles* A. Collin. John A. Tomiinson. Edward
A Kohler, Henry J. Hemmings and William N.
The act was defended by Attorney General
Davies. Henry B. Coman, Deputy Attorney Gen
eral, and J. Newton Fiero. Mr. Coman and Mr.
Fiero for many months had almost the sole
management of the suits in behalf of the State.
The chief suits were finally referred to ex-Judge
Robert Earl, as referee of the Supreme Court.
He. after taking evidence for a month, gave a
decision in behalf of the State upholding the
constitutionality of the law in every respect.
This decision was affirmed by the Special Term
of the Supreme Court.
The Appellate Division for the Third Depart
ment, on January '.», however, by ■ vote of 3
to 2. decided that the law was unconstitutional
in taking the power of assessment from local
officers, and violating the home rule principle
of the constitution.
Attorney General dmoeen appealed from this
Continued on »eeond pace.
WHEN GOING WEST
the Pennsylvania Railroad offers .rapid train ser
vice to Chicago and St. Louis. Splendid equip
ment, a matchless roadbed; every comfort co
route.— „ . - .... . . - - ---
Eighth iAv-nu* Railroad Company $urn Tf>4 29
Metropolitan Street Railroad Company 346,25148
Nev.-York and Harlem Railroad - 171.417 .17
Second Avenue Railroad 100,383 S3
Sixth Avenue Railroad 85.717 TS
United Electric Power and Light Company... 24.54-S 68
Brooklyn City Railroad 226.1".!
• Union Railway Company 59,22533
i Nassau Electric Railroad Company 118.087 68
I Brooklyn and Queens County Railroad — ....... 20.713 50
Manhattan _ $157.16».240 $177.447.
The Bronx . ~ 9,071.700 0.573.100
Brooklyn ~ 37.522.4!>0 41.124.700
Queens — 5.264.t»0A 5.528.000
Richmond _ 1.501.825 1.510.825
Totals ..5220,620,15* $233, 154.323
Net tax -.- 5,049,106
XOT FEDERAL QUESTIOX.
Prominent Corporation Lawyer Sees
No Hope for Appeal.
The Court of Appeals decision upholding the
Ford Franchise law saves the city $5,000,000 a
year, and will enable the municipality, if the
United States Supreme Court sustains the de
cision, to collect tax arrearages of about $15,
000,000, and interest at 7 per cent for three
years, amounting to an additional $3,000,000.
A prominent corporation lawyer, who declined
to allow his name to be used, but who has
been familiar with traction cases, after hearing:
the statement of W. H. Page, for the Metro
politan, that the case will be appealed to the
United States court, said that he saw no hope
■ for such an appeal.
"There Is absolutely no federal question in
| volved in this matter that I can see." said he.
1 "From the news I have received I understand
j that the Court of Appeals has upheld the con
| stitutionality of the law In its entirety. The
1 companies will now have to pay their taxes,
| both the arrears and the current amounts, and.
as far as I can see, will not be able to appeal."
There is a strong probability, too« that the
! corporations will have to pay the usual penalty
of 1 per cent in addition to the 7 per cent in
terest for failing to pay their taxes annfclly be
tween October 1 and January L The penalty
I for non-payment contains the following:
' If any tax is not paid before the first day of De
i cember, 1 per cent will be added to it. If not paid
i before the first day of January. Interest is charged
■ at the rate of 7 per cent per annum from the day
i the books are delivered to the Receiver of Taxes.
\ Controller Grout and President Wells of the
; Tax Board say that if the law had not been
I upheld $22,000,000 would have been cut from the
! borrowing capacity of the city. ;
William H. Page, Jr., counsel for the Metro-
I politan Street Railroad Company, said last night |
I that the case would now be taken to the United \
j States Supreme Court.
! ■ "It is the intention of the company, as It al
! ways has been, to carry the matter to the Su- j
! preme Court of the United States," said Mr. I
I Page, after receiving word from Albany that the j
| decision was adverse to the corporations. The j
■ case will be appealed on the following grounds:
That the Special Franchise act is a violation of
the provisions of the federal constitution; that it
is a violation of the home rule provisions or the
State constitution: that street franchises acquired
by consolidation should have been assessed sepa
rately, and not as one franchise; that the btate
Board of Tax Commissioners did not adopt any
certain or fixed rule in making the assessments;
that no proper hearing was given the relators at
the time of the review, and no information lm- i
: parted as to the "basis, theory, rule or principle
on which the board acted In makinc the assess- ;
ment- that the relators did not have due process of
law in the taxation of their property: that the act
is impracticable, and therefore a nullity; that the :
i property of the relators was assessed at a rate j
I equal to MO cents on the dollar of its fill! value .
' whereas other real estate in the same tax district |
! was assessed at much lower rate.
"The underlying principles in contracts as |
i argued in the famous Dartmouth College !
! case, by Daniel Webster, are involved to some j
extent," said Mr. Page, who, by consent of the \
combined counsel, argued the case before the \
j Appellate Division and won. He based his j
j argument on the theory that his defendant !
! company could not be taxed twice for the same ;
. thing. When the case fame before the Court of i
j Appeal! the argument was made by David B. j
i Hill and ex-Justice Brown. Some of the counsel '
I interested in the case were Professor Collin. of j
Sheehan & Collin. for the Brooklyn Heights i
Railroad Company; Frank H. Platt for the Con- ,
solidated Gas Company. John C. Tomiinson and j
' Beardsley & Hemmens for other companies. ;
D. W. McWilliams, secretary and treasurer of ,
the Manhattan Railway Company, said.
The Manhattan Railway Company does not con- j
si. ier the decision by any means final in our case. ;
as it has not yet been tried, and there are special
facts and circumstances connected therewith which t
! will distinguish it from the cases decided t»-day |
by the Court of Appeals, and we believe will leaa ;
to a large reduction In its Special Franchise taxes. !
Henry A. Robinson, general attorney for the
Interurban Street Railway Company, said: , . I
I have not yet received a copy of the opinion of
the Court of Appeals, and in Its absence cannot
state whether the court passed upon all the ques
tions raised, or only upon that ci the eonstitu- -
: tionality of the act. The decision of th.- Court of
I Appeals does not by any means determine the liti
gation. Preparation has been made to carry on
the proceedings, and the final decision of the
United States court only will conclude the litiga
Mayor Low was much gratified over the de
cision. "Several months ago." said he, "after
reading the opinion of the Appellate Division I
Continued on »<-<onil page.
"THE 3)TH CENTURY LIMITED."
on* of the eight dally trains between New York
and Chicago, via -th« New York Central lines. a
/ — -Breheasiye service.— Adn. J
ATTORXET GEXEKAL CCTBRSBBL
FRANK H. PLATT.
IOWA GREETS ROOSEVELT
BIG CROWDS ADDRESSED.
President Crosses the State nith
Cummins and Shan.
Cttumwa. lowa, April 2S.— President Roosevelt
dashed across the State of lowa to-day, and was
everywhere met by large and enthusiastic
crowds. His speechmaking began at 7 o'clock
this morning, when he made a brief stop at
Shenandoah. and his last speech was delivered
here shortly after 8 o'clock to-night before
thousands of people.
His speech here was preceded by a short
drive through the city, although his train did
not arrive until after dark. He spoke to-nignt
on the good work Secretary Wilson has done
The President had Governor Cummins and
Secretary Shaw as his guests to-day, and for a
part of the day Congressmen Hull and Hep
burn. He will spend the night here, starting at
4:30 o'clock to-morrow morning for Keokuk.
and will arrive at St. Louis to-morrow after
noon shortly after 4 o'clock.
One of the largest crowds that have greeted the
President since his trip began was waiting for
him at E>es Moines this afternoon. He was
taken for a long drive through the city, and
stopped for a moment to address the Mystic
Shriners, who wire holding a convention there.
He then was driven to the Capitol, where he
made an extended address on good citizenship,
incidentally paying a tribute to Congressman
Hull for his efforts In securing the new militia
law. At Dcs Moines the President kissed a
number of babies. Four mothers, each with a
baby in her arms, approached his carriage and
handed bouquets to him. They then held the
babies up to be kissed, and the President did
not disappoint them.
One of the features of the day was the large
number of school children that greeted the
President. At every place he stopped, and at
many places where the train did not atop, the
little people were congregated, waving small
American flags. This feature pleased the Presi
dent greatly, and he referred to the children
Stops to-day were made at Shenandoah. dar
inda. Sharpsburg. Van Wert. Osceola. Dcs
Moines Oskaloosa and Ottumwa. The President
is bearing the strain of the trip splendidly, and
his face has not lost the tan it acquired in Yei
IOWA CONGKESSMEN PRAISED.
President Roosevelt Says They Gave Him
Osceola, lowa, April 2*.— President Roosevelt re
ceived an enthusiastic greeting here to-day, and
the short speech be made was heartily received.
He paid the following compliment to the members
of the lowa delegation in Congress:
It is a great pleasure to come her© to-day and
to be introduced by Colonel Hepburn, who has
been travelling with me throughout his district.
And in departing from it and from him I wish to
state my sense of Ration to him and to all the
lowa delegation for the aid they gave me last year—
the invaluable aid in bringing about certain bits
of . f station non-partisan in character, which i
deemed of the utmost importance; such as a wise
supervision and regulation of certain great cor
porations, of the type popularly known as trusts,
notably of those engaged in doing an interstate
business; legislation which I deemed Invaluable not
only because of its courage, but because of ltd
sanity, and because it does not pretend to do any
thing that it does not do. A promise should be
kept on the stump just as much as off the stump.
The worth of any promise lies in its fulfilment by
action, and it was. thanks to Colonel Hepburn,
thanks to the Congress, to the members or both
the Senate and the House from lowa, and their fel
lows that I am able to come before you feeling
that all that had been said by as as to the need
Of such regulation has been made good in fact
Improvements upon the law have been made better
legislation has been put on the statute books, and
the legislation on the statute books has been en
forced with honesty and with fearlessness.
WASHINGTON PARTY OFF TO ST. LOUIS.
Cabinet Members. Diplomats and Others
Start for the Exposition.
Washington. April 2S.— A «toW train, oarrylnß
more than one hundred Washington correspond
eats, left here at 11 o'clock to-day over the Balti
more and Ohio for St. Louis, to attend the dedica
tion exercises of the I.ouisiana Purchase ExposU
on The United States Marine Band, the special
committee carry:- the Georce Wasbinpton gavel.
which will be v " i '" d in the indication ceremonies.
and a number of women correspondents started
over the same road at 10 a. m
The special train carrying the members of the
diplomatic corps. Cabinet officers and reprwnia
,,,.„ of the army and navy started over the Penn
sylvania road at 3 o'clock this afternoon. Count
ras-Tini the Russian Ambassador, and Mr Taka
>,ir.' the Japanese Minister, were unable to accom
n-inv the diplomats to St. Louis. Commander
Alexander BoutakofT. the Russian naval attach*,
went as Count Cassinl'a personal representative.
BILLY WHISKERS. -
The Autobiography of a Goat. A Jolly «tory
for boya and girls, aow running In THE^LVDAY
TRIBUNE. Bo sure 10 read It next Bua<Ujr.-U<m.
CABINET MEETING AT ST. LOUIS.
Manchuria and Other Questions To Be Con
Washington. April 2S.— An important con
ference between the President and the members
of the Cabinet will be held in St. Louis, probably
oa Wednesday night. The President and his
party will arrive in St. Louis at 4:10 i
Wednesday afternoon. President Roosevelt and
Secretary Shaw will be joined there by other
members of the Cabinet. Matters of impor
tance which have arisen since the President's
departure from Washington will be considered.
These will include Russia's attitude in Manchu
ria, the developments In the investigation of the
PostoAce Department and some other depart
matters on which the President will
have to pass judgment
Since leaving the Yellowstone Park President
Root Teh has been In close touch with Wash
ington. Communications between him and th»»
of departments have been exchanged
daily, both by mail and telegraph. A batch of
Important documents for his pignatur- was
forwarded to him to-day from the State and
War departments. They mctode snm- Impor
tant commissions. It is likely that -
intr appointments may be agreed upon at the
st Loata conference, but they probably «ill n->t
be announced until after the members of the
Cabinet return to Washington.
PPJCE THREE CENTS.
ARMED GUARDS A I DAM.
STEIKEKS IX BATTLE
Deputies Protect Pozcdcr House and
Dynamite Cave on Crnton River.
Armed guards are protfcting rhe powder nous*
and dynamite cave of the contractors at th«
Muscoota Dam. in Westchester County Armetl
Italian strikers who in the last w*-«»k have at
tacked men at work several times and been
routed by a deputy iherUTa pan are still
hiding in the neighboring hills.
Deputy Sheriff William J. Doyle, of W*st
chester County. late yesterday -noon said
he believed he had quetWl the disposition to
riot on the part of the striking qnarrrxnea at
the dam. which I? on the Croton River, about
two and a half roil^s from Katonah. He ad
mitted, however, that the twenty or more armed
Italians who had tak^n to the hills am! wer«
still prowling in the vicinity, constituted a men
ace to the public peace of unknown proportion*.
Mr. Doyle entertained a more optimistic vievr
of the situation than th* 1 superintendent and
foreman for Williams & (bristle, of New-York,
the builders of the dam. Th^y were fearful of
an attack on the powder house, near the works,
or on the dynamite cave in the side of Mu»
coota Mountain, half a mile distant, and at
their solicitation, a special guard was placed at
THREE MEN DISMISSED.
Williams & Oerstl»>. who have the rintraeS
for constructing the Muscoota Dam. which in
supplementary in th»» New- York City water
supply to the great dam under construction at
Cornell, five miles further down th<? river. ar«
quarryins: the granite out of the hillside at th<»
works. For two years they have employed In,
this work and in the construction, of coffer dams
a force of about one hundred Italians. Re
cently. It became evident to th*» superintendent,
so the contractors say. that th- of the assis
tant foremen were either incompetent or -weri
deliberately delaying the work. Last Friday
these three men were summarily dismissed.
The foreman, who was known only as Frank,
protested vehemently against the discharge of
the men and harangued the workmen in their
native tongue. About seventy threw down, their
tools and -left the works, the recalcitrant fore
man acting as their leader, but about twenty
laborers remained at their tasks. Frank and ht»
discharged assistants demanded that these men
also quit, and. when they refused, the strikers
showered stones upon them from the adjacent
hills. Falling to drive the men off by thti
means, the rioters went among those who had
declined to strike and drove them from, their
work with revolvers.
The superintendent, Mr. Gerstle'a son, ap
pealed to Deputy Sheriff Doyle, who lives at
Katonah, for protection, and. deputizing and
arming a posse of ten men. Doyle hurried to th«
scene. Doyle first drove the strikers from th©
■works and then posted his posse Is guard them.
The strikers offered no resistance-, but hung
about the place in threatening groups. la the
afternoon about twenty approached the tool
house In a threatening manner, and Deputy
Doyle, observing that the order of his sentinels
to halt was disregarded, rushed among th«
strikers and told them that he would arrest any
man who advanced another step. The deputy
brandished a pair of handcuffs and. as his posse
closed in on the rioters, they precipitately fled
to the hills. The band was led by the deposes!
foreman, and was regarded as trie most des
perate of the striking element. Many of th«
mob had stones in their hands, but the courage
with which they were met seemed to awe them.
The leaders were armed with revolvers, which,
they had shown when driving the workmen, out
earlier in the day.
■fjn TO "WHITE PLAINS FOR GUNS.
Saturday night th- strikers were seen prowl
ing about the works, and trouble was regarded
as imminent. Doyle strengthened the position
of his men and sent to White Plains for more
guns, but the day and night passed without an
attack. On Sunday the strikers hur.g al-out tb»
camp all da.y. but offered no violence.
On Monday morning each striker -who ap
peared on the scene was conducted under guarrl
to the office, where h«- received his pay and was
discharged. Meanwhile, under a new foreman
and assistant foreman, about forty men re
sumed work. Nearly a dozen of the striker.'.
who said they had left the works only through
fear of bodily harm, on receiving a promise of
complete protection from Deputy Sheriff Dor!"*
later returned to work.
Frank, the foreman, kept himself concealed in
the hills all day Monday and yesterday. Mem
bers of his band, however, came as near th*
work:- as the guards would permit, profisslnß
in some cases a desire to get their money. They
were allowed to enter th* lines and receive their
pay one at a time, and were then ordered. ur.<i«»r
penalty of arrest, to leave the works and to .«tay
away. On Monday night Beverii groups of
three or four strikers were seen skulkir.s: about
the powder house, and the interest la that In
significant structure betrayed by several of
those paid off yesterday induced Mr. Doyle to
detail a special guard for the buiMing.
Under the protection of the deputies abmit
fifty men ere working at a late hour yester
day afternoon, and the valley of the Orotnrs
seemed as peaceful aa ever; but the deputies
and workmen kept a close watch on the neigh
boring hills, from which a raid was momentarily
expected. The sense of security at the works
will not be restored until Frank has come in
and received his pay and notice of dismissal.
Deputy Doyle said that whil* b* ha-1 already re
duced the guard, he probably would r.oi wholly
withdraw it until the rioters were known to
have left the neighborhood. _
It is said that some cf the employe* of W lit—
lams & Gerstle have been deputized by Deputy
Doyle as peace officer?. and armed, and that
there is a strong armed guard of the firm's
more trustworthy men at each at the buildings
of the contract
Many of the strikers boarded at the shanty of
Michael J. Bove. and trouble between them and
the other workmen is feared when they return
for their belongings. The strikers wen paid
from $1 7r> to $3 Z>O a day. according to the
character of their service.
REFUSES TO VOTE AGAINST TREATY.
Colon. April 2^.— The Assembly of Cartagrna.
by a vote of !> to 8, has rejected a petition to'
address a mem.r ial to the coming Congress
praying that bod., to reject the canal treaty.
The Assembly declared it possessed full con
fidence In Congress. Th* date for the -•■tine
of Congress has not been fixed.
Orders haw b~»n issued at r.osota for tne
expulsion from Colombia of Pt-dro Nel Ospina.
The orders have not been carried out. however^
«5 Nel Ospina has been ftecte'i first Senate suS
stltute for the Department of Antioquia. Cef
erals Quintero. Caldfron and Gonzalez \>!enr
have been appointed Senators for Santancter.
Exchange at Cartasrena is 10* > to 1.
ALBANIANS MORE TRACTABLE.
ronstantinople. Apri; 2>.— Advkes from Priafc*
tina say that the Albania- ■ are becoming roofs
tractable. Some of the factions have decided to
accept thr refurms. but others are still con
sidering the marie* The levying of blackmail
by the Macedonian Committee is incessant. The
American missionaries, however, have been in
directly informed th.. thr>y need not fear tne>
committee, "the ransom of Miss Ellen M. Stone
belne regarded as an American contribution to
the revolution fund.
THE OCCASIONAL. TRAVELLER
«n«is as much is admlr* m the &?*£!£?}****'
ited as the seasoned Itinerant. It appeaia to aaa