NO WATER FAMINE FEARED IN BROOKLYN THIS YEAR, THANKS TO THE REFORM ADMINISTRATION'S PRECAUTIONS
BROOKLYN WATER SUPPLY
Xo Ecar of a Eamine. as It Is Xo
Longer Allowed to Go to Waste.
B the extr?or.lir.ary laclr of rainfall which has
characterized May. 1??3, had befallen this city when
Tammany waa 1 lv the saddle the dread cry of
"Water famine in Brooklyn:"' would have been
raised with even more vehemence than it used to
be raised summer after summer by the Willoughby
Street ■•^ang." which always wanted "another ap
propriation." whether there was really any scarcity
of water or not. Notwithstanding the great scarcity
o' rainfall this spring, however. Brooklyn Is far
better able than in any previous season to resist
r. protracted drouth. I'nder the reform adminis
tration necessary works to render available a large
quantity of water which heretofore ran to waste
throuch the negligence and apathy of the Willough
by Street and Tammany city governments have been
completed. Other v.-orks which will contribute an
additional supply have been authorized and wfli
aaea be begun, and the facilities for distribution of
the stored water are to be improved and enlarged
The quantity of water in Btorac« on April J o?
this year was about four thn-s that in storage at
the same time in rJML when the last shortage
bordering on a water famine occurred. While this
is partly due to the more cor-ious spring rains o.
Has year, the administration is entitled to credit
for the completion of works which enable the de
partn.e::: to husband the storage m the great
Hempstead reservoir against the time of greatest
t.k I hi ■ way never before possible.
For at bm years the firemen and fire underwriters
have complained bitterly of the lack of water sup
ply ta the drygoods district. The causes for this
complaint are to be remedied at once by ripping out
the oM rust-eaten and inadequate pipes and put
ting aowm mains of sufficient capacity to permit
ninety-two streams from hose lengths of less than
cix hundred feet to be concentrated on a fire. A
similar Improvement in the facilities for fighting
fire Is to be BMde at the same time along the river
front, affording better protection to the warehouses
The ptaaa of Chief Engineer I. M. '•• Yarona for
Taking OP all the antiquated, rusted, undersized
:iT.2 electrolysis afT« eted mains inherited from the
Willouzhi>y Street administrations, and for which
„ relief could be obtained from Tammany after
eo'.ifo'.ioation. have been approved, and the appro-
I-riat-ors have been authorized. The drygoods dis
tr:.-t ard vraterfrcr.t y, D be provided for this year,
i : :■>: within the next two er three years the re
n--:!vJ«r of the improvement will be completed.
ita'r'jai ike Van Wyck administration every re
i ■■ .< the engineer of the Department of AYater
: jt;»ly for Brooklyn, setting forth the necessity for
r~d «o:i(Juit capacity, the urgency of filtration
, • »he contents of veral polluted ponds, increased
* a — capacity and enlarged pumping plants -was
>.. f.l until, during the summer of 1901. when a
* ;• r famine . aame imminent, public indignation
1 . ;:::- so preat that further apathy meant political
,i :.i- fcrthc party in power. At last, under the
, : ~c S , :r e of this reeling, money was grudgingly
: , -o^inied to build three additional pipe lines
•tocj the Sinibarn p-.mping station to the Millburn
: •r...ir. two from there to the junction with the
I Hill conduit at Rockville eatnr and a 48-inch
, In Ihonce to the Ridgewood reservoir, in Brook- -
I i.. After a delay vvhich utemed almost inter- |
r liable, the contract was ..ward, d and the work j
va= beguiL It Oragged along far beyond the ex- ,
pirsUlon of the tlme limit of the contract, and its j
completion was left to Commissioner Robert Grier i
Monroe of the Low administration.
* Thl«= improvement is available this year for the
Brat tame. Its importance cannot be fuuy appre- ;
e:at«-d without I statement <-f the conditions >vhich
cxic before. The Hesapstoad reservoir, which
van for many years almost the only dependence o. .
Brooklyn for water, is Ftill the or.ly large storage ;
basin <>f the system. Its contents are the only j
large iiaiin nf tti borough; in fact, the only re- .
Ferve at ep« the distributing reservoirs v. ithin ]
the ci'tv proper. The daily average water consump- i
tion of Brooklyn in 1501 was about ninety million
gallons and. on account of the limited conduit
capacity fron- the Millburn iiwsaalng station to !
KoVk-UUe Centre. «nly about forty mflHon gallons ■
of this amount could be «ira«n from the ponds and I
driven well station? beyond Millburn. even when ;
wat-r in that region was wasting over the dams
anfl oozing Trom the ground ST gushing from the j
driven wells only to Bow Into the ssa. This forced :
the fiepartniCTt. even a-hen the Boat urgent necea- j
f Jtv for boebaiSßlng the atorare supply existed, to
draw from it at the rat« of above fifty million al- j
lons dally With the nea conduits in operation. ,
tffording" capacity tor all the water obtainable be- j
VW I Uilltrora :md for that from the driven well ,
Stations this Mdc of Rockville Centre, amounting ,
«t preset to 55.000.000 gallons from the first named |
rcurce and to about teß thousand gallons from that
last mentioned, even with a consumption increased .
i, ioi 000 irallois a day, the draught upon the.:
during the rainy «^«^ d
• ■ "mm i
awssss^Si^«'«i fore even
Oariag waather. the direst outcry about a
a dam below the .^^^.v At most of the
arr»en well siatl m :.\-",f , n\v*
4rr« V- m tie Well
«nt -oj,- - ' «>?* ■ 11r . f ",,T r .. ',n«i.l
tvbsa thai arose by pub-sarface prjawo"^
wet sesaon far r ore wa*
all alone: the shore wasted into the «£«. wal« can
aaw conduits an-1 pumps nearly "'.' l v . h « 3 ,id^ t,, the "
be utilized, and 60.«0.«<» gallons a day addtd to tne
etoragf at Hem;»si« r-wef i.- ne i-
The teflltratioi gallery designed # y .£ Rrooklvn
ncer-De Varoaa s , new feature of the "["OoK^n
supply. The priartpte has ti^There is a
fornia. but never for. in th< Eaul There ■^« .
heavy sub-surface volume of water tending , towa.«
the s«-a constantly ail along th- south shore m
La« laland. From thu fl.x>d the aWveawelw
draw Jheir supply. The BltraUon f*" e «r £ ;
f>lmplv a i..^w «i!,.mt for accumulating lls w ,'
hj Older that It nay be pumped Into the n"" 1 '"
A long line of sewer pipe is laid below the surraco
of thf water hearing Btratuni of sand and K^avti
end at right angles to the direction of '!"V',.
The joints sf 3e pipe ar.- nol calked, but l*e
covered by bcunti of gravel, through which tiv
water may perrolate without carrying fine samiim v .
the gallery. The Ural ot ttoese galleries vijli n«
about two miles Mag. and will be laid of 36-lnch anu
30-inch pipe in thr- vicinity of Bprtagileld. Mr. l»s
Varona a*sert« th;.; the us" ul sub-surface gai
leiies. Instead of driven w«illa will obviate many or
the Jegal complications which have arisen from
the severe pumping at the driven well IstaJo'':-■1 staJo'':
■ He sai'B the echeme will give a uniform t»ul>-6u:
-water level, and will aCord better control over
the volume, as the effects of drawing from ' le^"
ground will be l«ss severely localized. The amount (
ot water tuau thia »ource will. Mr. D« Vaxona b»-
"FREET/S FOLLY." THE 400.000.000 GALLON RESERVOIR AT MILLBURN, LONG ISLAND, WHICH COST $2,000,000 AND NEVER HAS HELD WATER.
lleves. be greatly increased. He expects a supply
of 10,000.000 gallons daily from the first gallery
to be constructed.
The contractors for the filters at Baisley's and the
Springfield ponds, which were tested several months
ago. as reported in The Tribune at the time, failed
completely to meet the requirements of the con
tract as to the purity oi the water, and their plants
were rejected. They have remodelled their ap
pliances and a new test will soon be begun. The
supply from these ponds, if the experiment is suc
cessful, will amount to 5.000.000 gallons a day
These ponds have been cut off from the Brooklyn
mains for about ten years on account of the pollu
tion of their waters.
Another improvement recommended by Chief Kn
gineer De Varona. and aporoved by Deputy Com
missioner Van Idcrstino and Commissioner Monroe.
Will result ta a great saving ;o the borough. The
extra pumping station for the Mount Prospect
NORMAL CONDITIONS OF THE JEWS IX RUSSIA.
RECENT PERSONAL INVESTIGATION MADE liV
BRITISH MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT.
>i\.miu w. Bv-svsa rnamiTT. i> -worlds w«*uc
England, at course-and America as well— attracts
foreign elements from all onrts of the globe. If a
line be drawn from Kustendjeh. on the Black Sea.
to Llbau. on the Baltic, and another from Kallsch,
la Poland, to the easternmost point of the province
of Ekaterinoslav. in Russia, these lines will trav
erse the length and breadth of the vast area from
which comes a mass of immigrants whom the Eng
lish and American population must assimilate.
England's doors are wide open to these people, and
many thousands yearly pas-s the test of the Immi
gration laws of the rnited States. The slums of
Vilna and Warsaw, tne ehettos of Lcmberg and
Galatz, the remote villages in the provinces of
Minsk and Tchernigov, all send their quota to
swell the ever rising tide.
As a member of the Royal Commission on Allen
Immigration. I have thought it most Important to
Investigate this question on the spot, and accord
ingly I spent the last Parliamentary recess in visit
ing the homes of all our different aliens. I propose
to tell here exactly what I found.
I reached Dvinsk. my first halting place in the
Russian Pale, on a mournful rainy Saturday morn
ing The town Is said to have eighty thousand in
habitants and some seventy thousand are Jews.
The persecuting May laws of ISS2 drove many of
these from the villages and smaller towns into the
larger centres of population, hence the high pro
portion of Hebrews to be found In the place: hence
also much of the misery and poverty from which
these poor people suffer. The preponderance of the
Jewish race was at once apparent, the Sabbath
sending the whole place to sleep. Not a shop was
open r.ot a stroke of business was being done. The
onlv'sign of life was in front of the synagogue;
there a large crowd of decent i^Xing folk were
holding their church parade, promenading up and
d On"the next day. Sunday. I was,' able to see the
town in its "business dress, though the Russian law
rorblds the opening of shops by the Jews till l.p. m.
on the Christian day of rest. After that hour the
markets were In full swing, crowded with countrj
folk and soldiers from the cantonments near b>.
All were eagerly doing business with the Jews. A
peculiar feature was that the soldiers were mostly
sellers and the Jews buyers. Strips of embroidered
Russian cloth, old boots, uniforms and a mass of
miscellaneous odds and ends were the articles v . hich
the Czar's "Tommies" had for sale. Every article
wa« the subject of a protracted bargain, and each
group of soldiers in their white lackets and caps
wa. surrounded by a crowd of Jews, in long rusty
black coats, with the characteristic stoop of the
shoulders and flowing beards. Round the markets
were many drinking and gambling dens and dis
No doubt the crowding of the Jewish populat on
to the towns has led to a general deterioration
both moral and physical. The struggle for life Is
a desperate business for many of them, and
scruples diminish In proportion to Its severity. The
house accommodation Is poor and squalid, but there
is always light and air and space, and. consider ng
Dvinsk from the purely residential point of view, I
personally should prefer it to some streets I could
name in towns at home.
Tc, those anxious to see for themselves what a
R «s«i«, ghetto is like at Its wor.t. I would l recom
,n««d a visit to Vilna. There are S a;d to be some
eighty thousand Jews bere-not. by any m*ans, all
poor. - By far the greater part of the trade, and
practically rll the shops.. are in their hands. But
the -ibmerged tenth Is submerged hideed
Th« ghetto is a srethinK mass of humanity
Many of the streets and alleys are so narrow that
, n " pavements almost touch. At intervals through
out their length are arched gateways teadtac mo
courtyards, around which the dens and cellars In
which the people live are clustered.
I spent a whole day visittn* them. In the corners
o' the court one would find B wooden trough into
which all the refuse of the houses was thrown.
The stench from these receptacles filled the whole
air The stucco walls were blistered and rotting
as. if Infected by the poisonous atmosphere within.
Inside the people were crowded pell mell. regard
lea. of health, age or Sex In one room I found a
lunatic in the middle of a family of vorr? children.
1 was followed as I walked by a crowd of haggard,
anxious, careworn people, staring at me with
mournful eyes. Some openly begged alms; others
had trifles for sale. Many seemed to pass their
t'mc in the synagogues, rocUnft and chanting ttu-m
■elves into obUvton of their miseries. I came across
several who had been to Whltechapel. and had
beea sent back. I suppose, as fit for nothing. One
man with a large family wished to make another
trial of England, and asked me. of all people, tor
money to help him to get there.
There are other towns, however, in the I ale
where things are better. Plnsk - one of them.
Here Jewish skill, labor and enterprise have been
combined lo good purpose. It is a picturesque
-..,... The streets of wooden bouses and cottages
are •,ined with trees: there are a quaint Old Chun*
and a seminary, and the river banks are full of life
and co.or. The population is forty thousand, of
whom thlrty-sevr,n thousand are Jews.^ This dis
proportion, as in most of the towns of the Pale.
would have resulted in congestion in all employ
ments open to Hebrews had It not been for the
Trergy and enterprise of certain leaders of the
"mmunl.y. such as Messrs Lourie and Halpern.
who by starting factories, have, succeeded in profit
ably utilizing the labor of their coreligionists. In
afr Halpern's match faetonr. for instance, fifteen
hundred hands are employed. In all there are
THE GREAT HEMPSTEAD KESEKVOIIt, Ati li UJOKED IN IMIU
▲ttt. lf*il*lWtt*W«l»«f m low aUff.. o«-wat«r cau,ca be.v, pumpluc wbll. water wu w«Un. i» maniac e«t c< lUUlmra.
3JEW-YOKK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY. MAY 24. 1903.
reservoir, which supplies water to the high grnur.d
in the vicinity of the Prospect Park plaza, is to be
abolished. By the construction of a high pressure
force pumping main from the Kast New-YorK
pumping station to Mount Prospect tne big pumps
at Hiat station will, by the same work that now
delivers the water to the Mount Prospect pumps,
raise It the reservoir. Mr De Varona estimates
that this will save the city each year enough money
to represent v capital investment Ol more than
Commissioner .Monroe and Deputy Commissioner
Van liierstine have not so far availed themselves
of the appropriation of $r.miwt for concreting ana
repairing the Milbura reservoir, which never has
held water. This monument to Wllloughby Street
extravagance and Jobbery letter known as "Fr. ils
Continued on twelfth jagf.
eighteen factories in Pinsk. employing betwten four
thousand and five thousand hands. If only similar
industries could be started in other centres the
Kreat and tragic Jewish auestion In Russia would
be well on the way to be solved lam certain that
the only true a>id permanent solution will be found
on these lines. The Idea that .lews will not engage
in manual labor has loner since been exploded.
in Pinsk there Is plenty of poverty-the poverty
which Is common to all large towns in every coun
try—but nothing hopel.-ss or abnormal Hie flve
thousand hands in regular employment lea- y -n tho
mass and the homes, though humble and verj
poor still In several Instances show signs ol com
fort and comparative prosperity. . , „
From Pinsk I made a tour into the Interior -of the
country. I was anxious to sea the condition lof
things In the Bmall towns and villages. The enter
prising Jews have started lines Of •te*m«M\wnlch
,lv on the numerous streams that ini terseel the
country and add to the prosperity of the town. On
one of them 1 took a passage. river was crowded
It was a market day. and the river was crowded
with primitive l.oats and dnerout canoes laden with
manv kinds of produce. . The ChrisUan;pea^ntry
are engaged solely In agriculture: all other employ
ments g a nd handicrafts are conducted iter: Jews
Their capacity for business and organization is. on
the whole I think, a benefit to the peasantry. It
is the Jews who find a market for the produce of
tne land, and every village and townlet In the Pale
contains an agent or correspondent of the big *x-
STRFWI OF W\STE WATER PROM DRIVEN WELLS.
This water was running to waste during the famine cf «»0. but can now be pumped, saving storage at
porting firms In Riga. Libau or Odessa. It Is this
elaborate organization which elves rise to the com
plaint so often heard in Russia that the Jews are
the exploiters of the peasantry. I have no doubt
that In many instances the moujiks do fall an easy
prey to the superior intelligence and astuteness of
their Hebrew brethren. At the same lime, it Is. I
believe, a fact that the general condition of 'he
Russian peasants In tho recion where Jews are
allowed to reside is superior to that which obtains
outside tho alloted provinces.
[t would take too much space to describe all I
saw in Poland. Gallcla and Rumania, and I must
therefore confine myself to a few points. There is
one feature common to all. namely, the tendency
of the Jews to congregate in the towns. In the Dl
teen provinces of th< Pale they are obliged to do so
by la*-. In Poland and Oallcia no such legal obliga
tion exists, vet it Is In the towns we find them. In
Warsaw alone some three hundred thousand Jews
have to mak* a living, and iii Lodz, the Manchester
of Kpstern Europe, there are nearly one hundred
and fifty thousand. In the latter town the over
crowded and unsanitary conditions under which the
poor people live ara appalling. One tall wooden
house which T Inspected was packed solid with
humanity. I found people living In the apex of the
roof between the tiles and the top celling. I had
to crawl Into this noisome receptacle on my
hands and knees and to climb a ladder to reach It.
The police had interfered. I was told. l>ut the place
was occupied again as soon as the backs of the
nuthorlties were turned. Such incidents are repro
duced In tho East End of London. Lodz 13 a great
spinning and weaving centre, and many of the
f.-ctories are owned by Jews. 1 was surprised and
sorry to find that they employ hardly any Jewish
labor There se. Ms to be a difficulty In connection
with the Sabbath and the Sunday, and keeping the
machinery idle for two days in the week instead of
one. This objection has been overcome in \\ areaw.
however, where. in Mr. Finekin's lace factory and
Mr Polakiewitz's tobacco work.-. Jewish and Chrls
tlon hands are both employed with happy results.
These establishments left a very agreeable im
pression on my mind. Kverv care j s taken of the
workpeople, even schools for the children be.ng
provided on the premises. The wages are small
judged by an English standard, from Ss to l.>s. a
w*-ek being tho average, but living is eheaj and
the wants of the people few. nnd they arc in
finitely better off in ev«ry respect than persona ol a
similar class earning double the money In London
or New-York. . .
In Gallcla the condition of tl-e Jews seemed to
me worse than In Russia or Poland. A fatal apathy
and bigotry seemed to have settled upon thf- ma
jority of the Hebrew race here. They are divided
Into factions, and fngage in inces.?ant (juarrels whh
one another. There are no laws to oppress them,
but they are extremely unponular with their < nns
tian fellow subjects, and as a class are wanting In
those qualities of push, enterprise and desire for
education for which their coreligionists elsewhere
are co conspicuous. .
A considerable portion of the land In Bukovlna
and Galicta Is owned by Jews, who are, moreover,
said to hold mortgages on many of the remaining
estates. But there are few manufacturers, and a
Kreat part of the Jewish population seems to have
nothing to do. The housing conditions were not bad
— Infinitely superior to what I had seen elsewhere.
or to what I can see any day in my own con
stituency in London.
Tho Rumanian Jews stand head and shoulders
above Their Galician brethren, and. where not In
terfered with by the law. do well for themselves. I
cam'- across many robust workingmen who pre
sumed none of the painful ghetto characteristics.
Nearly every house ta a Rumanian town is roofed
with tin plates, an<! this Industry is exclusively in
the -anils of the Jews'. The work needs agility and
involves much exposure. It was curious to see a
church being roofed in this way by Jewish work
men who were accompanying their labors by chant
ing a Hebrew psalm.
The general conclusions I arrived at regarding
th.- houses ;uiil life of the Jewish people whom I
saw on my Journey are that their standard of
existence is a mm-h lower one than obtains In this
country, their food is !"ss in quantity and poorer in
ORKiIX OF OBSERVANCE OF MEMORIAL DAY.
WHAT LED TO PROMULGATION OF EIKST OMDEM TO
G. A. R. TO STREW FLOWERS OX SOLDIERS HUMES.
Egypt and Greece and Rome all made use of flow
ers In their funeral ceremonies. The Greeks and
Romans honored their heroic dead by magnificent
funerals and various ant.iversary celebrations.
The greatest orators of the period were proud to
be elected to pay tribute to the memory oi then"
fallen warriors. Pericles was chosen to deliver the
funeral oration over the slain in the Peloponnesian
War. and Demosthenes over the killed in the terri
ble battle of Cht-ronea. All great nations of the
past have felt and acted upon this sentiment, and
those of to-day are perpetuating the beautiful
America! s honor the heroic deeda of their patriot
warriors by strewing flowers over their graves. an>'
by reciting in language glowing with patriotic ardor
the historic events made Immortal by their brave
citizen soldiery. The American Memorial Day Is
observed In almost every part of the civilized
world; American soldiers lie buried in almost every
clime," from the Arctic to the tropics, in the Far
East as well as at home.
Originally designed aa a day to be set apart for
patriotic teaching and for the paying of a pußlic
tribute to the men who died In their country's ser
vice Memorial Day has in recent years made its
observance co-extensive with the boundaries of the
nation. The decoration of the graves of the sol
dier dead was one of its impressive features, but
was extended in many localities to the known
graves of soldiers who had fought in any of the
wars In which tho flag of the government had been
imperilled. Thus soldiers of the Itevolution and of
tne War of 1812 were duly honored as well as those
who had served In the Civil War. In these days,
however there is no State but which has Us na
tional soldier dead, and in which there are not
found the graves of bravo men who fell fi S h <; ln j?
on ... half of their country and under the flag which
represents its power and authority.
Much has been said regarding the origin of
Memorial Day, and a number of theories have been
advanced calculated to prove what suggested to
General Logan the Idea to issue orders to the
Grand Am y. of which be then was commander.
designating a day on which every year -the graves
of comrades who died ta defence of their country."
should he -strewn with Bowers." or •'otherwise
General Joseph Wheeler says that General
Logan's attention, when on May 5. 1888. as COBV
mander of the Grand Army of the Republic he is-
Bued orders In regard to keeping green the mem
ory of the brave "boys in Woe," Had no doubt been
called to the custom of the Southern people of an
nually setting apart a day l*to pay reverence to
those who sacrificed their lives for a principle that
was dearest and nearest to their hearts." Bm
Th" women of the South were ever assiduous In
their care of the resttng places of their dead, per
haps because of the customs peculiar on this Eiae
of the Atlantic to Mobile and New-Orleans, where
on All Souls' Day each year the cemeteries were
carpeted with untold myriads of rare .n.d costly
Bowers strewn by devoted hands over the graves
of the beloved dead.
During the contest between the States the women
and children of the South delighted to bring flow
ers and evergreens to decorate the graves of the
martyrs to. their cause. As the spring brought
the anniversary of the doomsday ol tne lo3t
cause," the fair women of Southland Instituted
1 nother and a special day In honor of their beloved
soldiers, and the pathos of the devotion was the
deeper in that the sacrifice of their lives had been
made. mlngly, all in vain.
April Zfi was the day set apart by a consent
spontaneous in its universal adoption. Alabama s
and Georgia's first public Decoration Day v as in
lso*;. No more fitting liaw than the anniversary of
the loaa of the cause so dear to their rouls couid
bare been chosen for the perpetusti'Wi ol ih.- m< m
ory of their heroes.
VVomen and women alone, inaugurated the cus
tom Men. more reserved in th-: -xpre-slon of
tli- sentiments of their hearts, mis-m permit their
quality— meat, for example, is seldom eaten, and a
fowl would never be killed except in case of 3erious
illness or dire necessity. Their wages are lower
and their requirements fewer and more simple. In
the large towns the housing conditions are deplor
able, and sanitation as we understand it is un
PUT HIM OUT.
From The Chicago Record -Herald.
"Remember, gentlemen," said the candidate
who was running for re-election, "that it is al
ways best to leave well enough alone."
■•Yes," yelled an impertinent little man who
belonged to the other party, "that's what the rat
said when he broke loose and left his tail in the
departed ,-omrades quietly tn become a r:.-t "f
general history; but wom»a would not have it ?■>.
The Southern' States fell quickly in.> l;r
thf-n the custom found its way into the Northern
States Hut it is to General John A. T.osan, a
distinguished soldier, and no less distinguished as
a statesman, then commander of the w.inl Arm>
of the Republic, that the natioa ■ we-s ths artnl-
Ushment of a Nttional Memorial I'ay.
General I>ogan issued the fo'.lowit:? order on
May 5. MS:
The thirtieth day of May is designated for the
purpose of strewing with flowers or otherwise aeco
rating the graves of comrades who died ta defence
of their country dtnrlns the late rebellion, and
whose bodies now lie In almost every city. vm a
and hamlet churchyard in the land. In this ob
servance no form of ceremony Is prescribed, i>ut
posts and comrades will, in their own way, ar
range such fitting services and testimonials or re
spect as circumstances may permit. \\ c are or
ganized comrades, as our regulations tell us. tor
the purpose, among other things, "of preserving
and strengthening those kind and fraternal feel
ings which have bound together the soldiers, tail
ors and marines who united to suppress the late
rC \Vhat can aid more to assure this result than
cherishing tenderly the memory of our heroic
dead, who mads their breasts a barricade between
our country and its foes? Tneir soldier lives were
the reveille of freedom to a race In chains, and
their deaths, the tattoo of rebellious tyranny In
a"ye'a "ye' should guard their graves with sacred vig-
Uance All that the consecrated wealth and raste
of the nation can add to their adornment and se
curity is but a fitting tribute to the memory ol ncr
Blain defenders. Let no wanton foot tread rudely
on such hallowed grounds. I^r. pleasant paths in
vite the coming and going of reverent visitors and
fond mourners. Let no vandalism of avarice or
neglect, no ravages of time testify to the present
or the coming generations that -eve have forgotten
as n people the cost of a ftee and undivided re-
Let C iis then, at the time appointed, gather around
their Bacred remains, and garland the passionless
mounds above them with the choicest flowers of
springtime; let us raise above them the dear old
flag they saved from dishonor: let us in this sol
emn presence renew our pledges to aid and as
sist those whom they have left among us sacred
charge upon a nation's gratitude, the soldier's ana
sailor's widows and orphans. ,
It is the purpose of the commander In chief to
inaugurate this observance with the hope that it
will be kept up from year to year, while a surviv-T
of the war remains to honor the memory ol his
departed comrades. He earnestly desires the public
press to lend its friendly aid In bringing to the
notice of comrades In all parts of the countrj, In
time for simultaneous compliance tnerewitn.
This celebration at all the Grand Army posts s»t
this beautiful example to the people at large, and
the custom soon became a part of the annual life
of the nation. New-York early, took the lead and
engrafted a law upon her statute books making
May 30 a legal holiday, which action was also
taken by most of the Northern and Western
General Chipman attributed the honor of sug
gesting a decoration day to a Cincinnati soldier
whose letter concerning such a custom in Germany
he laid before General Logan.
General John B. Murray, on the other hand, has
advanced the claim of a celebration held at Water
town, N*. V., May 27, 1565. It has been shown that
General Logan often referred to h!3 first Memo
rial Day order as the "proudest act of his life."
and in the year It was Usued the first great ob
servance was held at Arlington Cemetery, with
General Arthur as the orator.
ASBURY PARK MAKING READY.
Asbury Park. N. J.. May 23 (Special).— Cottagers
and hotel guests are flocking to this resort on th*
North Atlantic coast. The Influx began early this
month, and the torrid weather of the last week has
sent thousands to the shore in search of health and
relief from the heat. The large hotels on the shore
front are not yet open, rut there are scores of
smaller houses ready for business, and another
month will find the "season" In full blast.
There are indications, too. that the "season" will
be a "record breaker" as to crowds. The acqui
sition by the city of the famous boardwalk, fishing
pier," pavilions and bathing establishments will
bring to the retreat thousands who have never
been here before, for the reason that they di 1 not
agree with "Founder" Bradley in his management
of the shore front. The passing of the "Founder."
howe\'er, does not mean that the beach will se run
"wide open," but It Is conceded that the officials
who will manage the beach will sidetrack some of
the rules and regulations which have In the past
been a trifle annoying to those on pleasure bent.
These same officials are spending thousands of
dollars for Improvements on the beach. These in
clude a brand new boardwalk from Asbury-ave. to
Flfth-ave.. an overhauling of the bathhouses and
pavilions and the establishment of additional re
freshment booths at convenient points. The new
boardwalk, now partially completed. is without
doubt the finest In the world. It Is T3 feet wide In
parts and 42 feet wide at its narrowest point. The
flooring is of narrow white pine, and »n orna
mental iron rating protects the sea side of the
promenade. Tho walk. too. is now straight, the
crooked portions having been demolished. The
structure, which will be completed In about a
fortnight. Is to be ablaze with electric lights at
night. Comfortable chairs and rustic settees have
hssfl provided for the various pavilions, and with
Conterno's enlarged band giving free dally con
certs in a new music stand on the beach, the vis
itors this summer will realize that the resort is
about to enjoy a new era of popularity and pros
Not content with buying the beach ana con
structing a new boardwalk, the aMermen of the
city have decided to spend M.SM in advertising the
charms of the resort. To this sum the hotel men
will contribute as much more, and the merchants,
too will give their share. So It would appear that
the movement to make Asbury Park s spring as
well as a summer resort Is at last to bear fruit
The railroad officials are likewl.se preparing for
a busy season. A block signal system Js Being --
stalled by the New- York and Long Brancft *-*<'-
road Company, ard In order to handle the crowd*
so soon due "double" stations are being bus.t a
points where the trade is the heaviest, The roari
way. too. Is being straightened and stone bahastea.
and the brlJges are being strengthened in order to
permit of a reduction of the r:nr.ir.«f time or t*?e»
hourly trains between the ahora and the laetrop—
AutomobiMst? coming here this summer will imsl
the roads in fine order. Oeean-ave. and Emory
and Webb sts. have been graded an-1 gravelled,
since last season, and the thoroughfares wni.-n.
■were Improved earlier have been thoroughly over
hauled. There is a movement to construct a m«J*
em speedway in this vicinity, but It Is hardly*
probable that lr will be completed In t:m» f ■- v.«*
this summer. The thoroughfare is to be built by
the Board of Chosen Freeholders, and that mean*
It will be complete in every way
The new clubhouse of the Asbury Park Boat Clv!»
Is open, and every day Deal Lake 13 dotted with;
canoes. The club ts arranginsr a series of races for
prizes for July and August. Many of, the cottager*
are members of the organization.
Sea hathlnsr has been enjoyed to a limited ex
tent the last we<*k. The beach is in excellent
shape, the recent heavy storm having filled up th»
low place* on the strand and the dangerous ho!«*SJ
between the beach and the inner bar.
Some Interesting Phases Xoted in
Tir..-elllas on the Continent generally involves not!
merely a complete change of scene, but al*- for
most of us, the substitution of hotel life for thas.
with whiih we are tamJliar in our own homes, says
C. K. Johnstone. in "Travel."
As a rule, those who have never been abroad be
fore set their aspirations in thia respect a goott
ik-ul too high, while they are apt to ignore alto
gether the fact that hotel life carries with it any:
obligations on the part of the guests themselves.
And herein iit-s one of the most conspicuous dif
ferences between the experienced and the inexperi
enced traveller. The latter expects to find in a hotet'
a!! his accustomed home comforts, plus a good!
many quite unaccustomed luxuries, and when t'n»
facts fall short of 1.. expectations In either oj
these respects he is very prone to make a fuss*
The experienced traveller, on th« other hand, hay-»
ing learned that imperfections are the rule in trn»
world of ameliorations, takes the drawbacks for"
granted, and welcomes with Joy whatever strike^
him as worthy of commendation
As extreme instances of these two opposite points
of view, the following cases may be Quoted. Tfco
first was that of ■ lady who, on a: rival at th»
Hotel Russle, in Koine, was furiously iadignan*
because th»- facchino wr was carrying her lug-»
gage upstairs had. as she expressed It. the mv»
pertinence t> a<i.lre<=3 her in an unknown language^
As a matter of fact, he asked her In Italian th»
number of her room: The second case was a tray-»
eller who was proposing to pass the as] aft
Njegus. a tiny village between Cattaro and Cet-»
tinje, in Monttr.«gro. with wawal I had the follow
•'Have you succeeded in fin iing a room?"
"Is it a good room?"
"N— not bad. There .->_ re three other people golnaj
to sleep in it."
"Oh. well, that's all rfght. Is the bed clean T'
"X— no. 1 don't ksioiv that the beil is clean. BuS
then, one can get clean beds at home!"
Evidently this man had gone anroad i:i th righil
spirit, as had also as American wkosa I once en-»
countered at Damascus.
An Englishman had been grumbling about thm
hotel accommodation, when the American struck la:
"Wai. this may not be the Waldorf-Astoria, bus
I guess if it wad good enough for the Apo^tlo Fault
it's good i miISJS lor me!"
Consideration for tho comfort and the feelings oj
ono's fellow guests is a point in which people often
fail short, more from want of knowledge th%a|
from any deltbei desire to give offence.
English people are most ui>t to give annoyance
by their casual views on the subject of rlothes,,
which often result in their coming tlown ta rablsl
d'hote dinner In snlckerbookers and light fu!:.i.
when all the other guests are In full evening dress '
Naturaliy. any one who is blessed with tact anrif
observation docs not repeat such a solecism a sec
Germans, again, often giv» great offence to their*
neighbors by their ver> degag6 method of iminji
their food. It is no uncommon thing for a. German
lady, when in the middle of an animated conversa
tion, to punctuate her remarks with a half gnawe<2
chicken bone waved in the air! Doubtless in thai
happy Fatherland this is considered ftuite «roodS
manners! Am»-ri<an.<. who seem tohea pr^ternato-*
rally noisy race, are generally very irjconsiderat«»
in the mattir of load talking; both i:\ the early;
morning and also late at night. .
The question of whstlw r or rot the r.inriows in
the public rooms are to be opened or shut Is on*
that often gtves rise Is somewhat acrimonious dis
cussion between people of different nationalities.
A short Ume ago a Gers lady immoned tha
■waiter In the salle a manger and said:
"Closo that window at onc< or I shall die."
"Gar.on," exclaimed r.n KrgMsh lady sharp!/.,
"leave it open, or I shall expire."
At this point a Fr- ■■■':• interposal politely^
with the following suggestion: "Leave it open tli»
the German lady has Bed. and then c!os« It till,
the English lady has expired. Then wn shall b«
ablo to do as we lik.:"
One distinct trial that Is to b«» met with In alrr.osJJ
p\>-ry hotel is the old gentleman (or oirt lady) who»
collects all tha papers and sits heavily on then*
during the day. and then calmly carries them cCS
upstairs on going to bed.
I once had the pleasure of belr.se in a hotel wher^
two of these birds of prey, of opposite s»xes. hap*
pened to be staying at the same time. They wer-*
both also noted for remarkably plain speaking aact
a total disregard for other people's feelings. I
happened one day to hear th<» following fragmen*
of conversation between them:
Old Lady— Now. you should not thl^k nt leaving;
Rome till you have been to Signor Macaroni*
studio. That's the place to buy picture*.
Old Gent — Let me tell y "i. mj"iam. T^at I doii'S;
want to buy any pictures. In nay house at home- S
have more than fifty pictures that I hay» no roosa]
to hang up. j
Old Lady— Then let me tell you. my good man*
that you are a great goose:
WILD DUCK AT HOME IN A CITY.
Much Interest Taken in Bird and Her sesf
Rochester. Mas 23 (Special).— A lone w:li duc*W
fat and sleek from choice feeding, has mads fees,
home in the bed of the Genesee River, la th«
heart of Rochester, between high manufaetasq
Ing buildings, whose chimneys pour oat blacsj
clouds of srr.oko and whose machinery rattles an 4
roars with alarming Cisturbance. But th« lltt!«
duck do? 3 not mind it a bit, aru! calir.ly floats orv
the bosom of the river's current, padiiiea indua-<
triously against the breakii | raplda. dives, stand*
sn her head, waddles along the rocks, aad ' sports)
herself as If the busy centre of a larg« c!:y wsrw)
th- heart of the wi!d woods.
The duck sssss her appearance here soon sftsd
the Ice broke up in the river thi3 sprinsc. but Ji.t
not decide on exactly what spot to ika her
home. ThU took her away for days at a time, buff
as soon an the weather cleared and th--- sun beganv
to shine warm she chose a .spot for h*r nest, aad!
la now th« centre of attraction for hundreds oi
persons as she swlns3 in and out with the current
en her search for food between the ta!! lirick and!
stone structures which line the river's banka
hardly a stone's throw from the Four Corners,
which is the business heart of the city. Her nest
Is under the great arches of the Kr'e "Canal aque
duct, and there she v.-t'l raise her brocu of jouns
The strange sight cf th!* hr.ive bird thus adapt
ing herself to the atmosphery of civilization ha*
attracted a great deal of attention, ard • BlßSwl
mm 'on their way to their office*, or whi!e return
i!i»; fron luncheon, ero out of tli.^ir way to have k
look at the t!uck. Sh^ Iris already tec-nine a sourio
Of nK>r.icipat pride, likp the upper and lower full*
anil the e'«'vai>'.l tracks, and ytrangera are taken
around to watch her by I heir Jiosts.
The common salutation 1?. "Good morning. Kav»
you. seen the duck?" cr. "A tine afternoon. Was
the duck al! Tisht when you «aw her last?" Fre
quently, especially on Sunday afternoons, the
aqueduct footpath ar.«! the Coart-st. hrlJre. which.
with the Matn-at. briil<e a few hundred rod* be
low, m;i tk th« boundaries of her domain, will b*»
Uncd with spectators v.vvtchir.sr the duck bohMri*
around t:t the rivtr beneath. s^o sppturs utterly
imconavtoa at the immense amount of attraction
and popularity she* Is winning, and sees* about h«?
brs!r.p.->» affaln with nonchal.im-p ami jtpiUlratlon.
If any one should ntt-imit t.« harm her. either b?
shooting or ctotis throwing. It would r<> harJ with
him. The police watcn .nit for her we'fare with
untirlag vigilance. »r.O the river HBSji w»r»
never bemr luttrollnl than since she pat tn h«r
appearance. Naturalists s;< that she belongs ta
one of the diving species, and express' mach curt
csity r«f&r<lin« her chcica si a lUSir hosxa.
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