OCR Interpretation

New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 24, 1903, Image 25

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1903-05-24/ed-1/seq-25/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 9

fkiu Are Many and Varied —
Amusement Easy to Find.
•n^scsit to please. Indeed, tnust be that visitor
t( TcoEcy Island this w<?fk who cannot find amuse
ss«st aSBOB*; its attraction*. At Luna Park an
cts*r V'-Z p' c P TalT:Tne Of I*B6 attractions has been
ir-»s£e<2, sei'cral of the acts which made such a
j-ji last week beiiifr retained. Among them are
CxstrczA, who makes three slides daily from the
■■ cf the electric tower. 200 feet high, to the ex
treffit rear cf the grounds, a distance of 2.000 feet,
jasfisP only by his •-►■•th to a le ier strap, at
tidscd to a pulley buckling over tiie wire.
Otner attractions at Luna Park will l<« Howard
t Keeran in their high wire bicycle and trapeze
£j-t; little Mire. SchelL. in a cage of performing
jjGRS. the Otodoras In a breakaway aerial act; Ir
irta. trapeze head balancer: Gilbert and "al grats;
t i^ two Picos. European clowr.p; Hugh Stanton.
tie "Giant Rooster": Sic BaaBBBB Ben A'ia and his
trou? cf Hindoos: Ernest Melvln and Josie Ash
tca in their equestrian acts;, and "Me and Pete"
tad his traiived donkey. The Pan-American suc
cess of Srir.Ta and his bar.d is being repeated.
"A Trip to the North Pole," undt-r ihe manage
ment of Albert Operti, Is one of Coney Island's
Isterertir.p features this season. Mr. Operti, who
vas born in Turin. Italy, in 1852. ■was a member of
•he Pc-sry expedition in 185C-'37, and in company
viih ether well known explorers visited the Great
TTil:? World «nd gained a personal knowledge of
«S? inhabitants, customs, etc. of this Interesting
*«etion of the Western hemisphere. This, with his
ability as an historical Arctic pair.ttr. ha has
rtilized hi the production at "A Trip to the North
Pole." an instructive addition to the island's many
A realistic panorama la •Tbe Johnstown Flood.*'
which is 100 feet In leiyrth. and about <0 feet hi
tdpht. After the auditorium is darkened the cur
tame Bl thrust aside and the city of Johnstown is
«eea as It appeared on the morning mt May 3>i. ISS9.
en a national holiday. Soon the scei;e changes.
• r.<2. with the bursting of South Fork dam. water
!s pouring through the valley, scattering death and
aaKtmctioß on every hanc Houses crumble like
egF^heils. hCtSljaa «re swept s.vray anc'. human bodies
are seen tossed about by the turbulent waves.
Tb* horror is increased by ehe presence of fire. In
toe distance may be seen the flames from the
Catholic church, where so many lost their lives
■wtiose bodtc i were never recovered. Soon a rain
bow appears and the sun Fhlnes en the scene of
death arjd devastation. For a moment ail is dark
again, cr.d then in a flash cf light is seen Johr.e
tewn as it appears to-day, a hustlinc, thriving city.
apparently recovered fully DWBI the calamity of
fourteen ■ ars ago.
"The Great Coal Mine" attracts many visitors,
•who take a ride of I.si>} feet in coal cars, starting
on the street level and going down a gradual slope
lEto darkness. Here a cable automatically picks
\ip the cars and carries them up an incline from
ihe summit of which they run by gravity in a sinu
cuf course through the mine, returning to the
■tartlns; point.
The Great Coal Klne" Is a reproduction of a
=wunnung taught by McLevy at Hotel Bt. George, No. D 2 Clarfc-1., Brook.y^
*"00« mln« in the fit.thracite repioni. of Pennsyl
*«»)». Thpr© are seen the shaft house, ehafi*.
•tep-a, fU» moving cars, mule trains, with mules
OrewiSf loaded car* ,u?:h the Inner recesses, and
ffiteers working with pick and drill where th<- coal
18 totoK aalnod or cut. Scenes characteristic of
•tain* operations are Illustrated In full siz*-d Sg
»*&. objects en route thr.mgh the subterranean
i>««a^. which are • o;.vtitut<<3 kV the ("halt, orlfui
aaj galieriee or working levels, and form a con
tinuous nun ing passageway. The ride Is taken
f«!fUy but safely In typical BMI cara down an In
cline, up a bJI Mi around a curve, ar.d through
rcv«ra« from which on nil sides project the Jagged
•^lr*a of ebony In the fl;.-k<rin« light ef the miners*
iainp. Features ef special Interest are representa
tions of th«* explosion of flre 4amp, the burning
rrAn*i, »Ti<i nma of Mheaaag imprisoned miner*.
"Tb* «Jreat Coal Mm*" combines novelty with an
exhilaratlrs ride. ":.':'
Another f.i.j.uiar attraction this season as well '•**
last !s "The Old Mill." a device consisting of a
slightly aMi wooden ,-ar.a! or 6lulceway S feet
wide, with sides 2 Jeet dt-ep. covered by a wt>oden
roof. This mcloaed canal ti-inas Its way for about
3.006 fe*t in a sinuous course, running- ov» r ML
to or 70 feet straightaway, then turning 6harply to
the rijht or left mid co on throughout its entire
length. At Intervale ou either etde are aheds or
platform*! for the display of j;rottos, scenes, pano
ramaa and other attractions.
The incline or fail of the sluiceway, assisted by
the operations of a large mill wheel,' forma the
COTMBt «bicb propels th* boats. By tncrea*inK or
<!ecre*slz!S th«- revolution* ■ minute of this wneel.
•■. current Is MM to from ••*••- •• r>-.-« mllea
S*r boar, titu» Ucftfcesizg th« Joura«jr or h**t*n-
ing it to accommodate the volume of business. Th*
ttip Is not attended by any danger. The water is
only fourteen inches deep, and boata with young
children may be sent around the course alone in
perfect aafety. "The Old Mill" when visitors to
Coney Island are numerous is visited daily by
thousands. There are now fifteen "Old Mill" plants
in successful operation at resorts in various parts
of the country.
The bathing facilities at Coney Island are always
ample, no matter how great the multitudes that
visit it, and the accommodations for bathers are
Paj*en*en» on th* numeroua open cars of the
Brooklyn Rapid Transit B ystem reach Coney I*»»nd
swiftly ana comfortably from the bridge.
The Yellow Metal Is Really Rather
Low in the Scale.
gskSrrKS S
••noble- in-tu*. JJ-* *•^n« u^ Their valuea
M « .n- not poluuj " «-^"- 8i , bUhnßi: palladium.
p* ouno<- are. P^"^ . lr , dlu-< a» .fall
dom from tarnishing render v . " lnstrn menti.
sitting fusion at the most intense heat; and it is
also the heaviest substance known, aata( almost
twenty-two and a half times heavier than water.
Osmiridtam is round in small particles varying in
weight from one-sixth to one-third of a grain.
These particles are extremely hard, and are used
for pointing non-wearing pens. For this purpose
as much as thirty ounces of osmlrldium are used
annually in the United States.
Metallic lridium possesses a whit* steel-iike ap
pearance. The knife edge* of delicate lialances
and other bearings which require extreme hardness
are often made of it.
Rhodium and ruthenium are metals of little prac
tical use. The former occurs in platinum ore to
the extent of 5 per cent to 6 per cent. The latter
Ib found only In osmlrldlum. and averages about 6
P< These six' metals have been treated of together
because of their resemblance to each other; out
B^re-entln, a nd. to th. K^ Po^wtt^ Fe«* O«tU in M*. Con.«r«c«4 under th^oro* .u^Uioa »X Op«a
the m«tal which ranks next to platinum In price is
zirconium, which occurs in hyacinth and some other
rare minerals, and Is worth about sti pounds an
ounce. Titanium and uranium, Who* ores are
found in Cornwall and some other places, are each
worth £6 10i. an oauce. Uranium is remarkable
for its hish atomic weight, the heaviest known.
Another metal found In Cornwall is lithium. i>.a
Baits are widely distributed, being found in very
minute quantities in the ashes of many plants,
especially tobacco. They impart a magnincent
crimson color to an otherwise colorless flame.
L.ith!um Is the lightest solid known, being only hall
as heavy as water. It Is worth about Uan ounce.
Vanadium, the ores of which are also very wide
ly distributed, occura, Dieulefait says, In all primi
tive granite rocks, but in small quantity. It is
difficult to obtain in a state of purity, und Is of
very little use in the arts. It costa £18 an ounce,
or about lOd. a grain.
The next metal Is barium. It is prk:< at Is. 3d.
a grain.
Iron is not the mo3t abuulant metal. THIS dis
tim-tion belongs to calcium, a metal which occurs
in limestone to the extent of almost i<) per cent.
One of Coney Island's leading attractions. Located in Surf-ay*-.
As whole mountain ranges are composed o f ll ™**
stone, some conception may be formed ol tne
quantity of calcium stored up in thl3 ore. in*
metal is light yellow In appearance, and as it is
both ductile and malleable It would be of the S™*?
est fiervl- c to mankind were it not for ond prop
erty which renders it useless; It is rapidly and vio
lf-ntly converted by moisture Into slaked lim«. Al
though calcium is so abundant, the difficulty of
isolating: It is po «reat that at present It costs 2s.
a grain. There can be no doubt, however, tnat
were it able to resist moisture means woula b«
found tor its rapid and economical production.
We now come to strontium, a metal somewnat
resembling calcium, being also of a llßht yellow
color Its ores are scattered over t>9 whole globe.
but as it is somewhat harder tr> isolate than cal
cium H costs a little more, being 2s. 6d. a grain.
Beryllium la a metal occurring in emerald, beryl
and a few other rare mineralj. It is of a bright
white color, and occurs both in powder and In
crystal.-;. The former variety costs ML a grain,
and th*- latter variety sa.
Rubidium and cse-sium were the first of a number
of new elements whose discovery was directly dv«
to the Introduction of sp«ctroscopic »J*2"*?__ 11 tt r *
the early sixties of the last century. Th«y ccst.
respectively; 2s. M. and Zn. 3d. a grain.
Another metal whose dlscoTejy we ojr» *» «£
spectroscope is gmllium. . It If btuish white in ap
pearance, an« is easily fused: in fact. It can b*
flquefled by rolling between the nn«er«. W»am
rubbed on glass It forma a mirror jpucb super.or
to the ordinary mercirial one*. The •hjanfa of
tUa metal costs Its. a grain; but the metal ltse..
is not found In commerce. _— _i
We now come to a group of afteen m*ta>a, t.<u..ii
ly known, from their analogy to the most impor
tant of their number, as the cerium meta.« man>
of which ar* extremely rare. They are eer lm.
yttrium, lanthanum, phrapseodymlum. nuu lafaa.
terbium, ytterbium, erbium, holmlum. thulium.
dysprosium, decipiura. samarium, scandium and vir
torium. Of these the first. three atone are on th»
market. Cerium and yttrium cost about ta. 3d *
grain and lanthanum 2s. A mixture of pbraeseo
dvmium and neodymlum, known as Uldymlum. t*
also to be bad. and 13 priced at 2s. «raln. rh«
others exist merely as chemical curiosities.
There is a rare mineral found neir Freiberg, m
Saxony, which contains a metal called germanium.
It does not occur In commeri—
The latest candidates for admission to the cata
logue of metallic elements are r.ame.i radium, acti
nlum and poionium. whose existence hi»d remain«?<l
unsuspected until scientists began tr> experiment
with the RBntgen and Becquerel rays.
Comtlaned from icrenth pace.
logical Seminary, and Dr. Oaalmers Martin, presi
o>nt of the Pennsylvania College for Women, at
Plttsburg. . .
"The class Includes a number of missionaries.
among whom are the'Kev. Frank P. Gilman, of
Hainan. Chir.a; the Rev Theodore M MacNair. or
Toklo, Japan; the Rev. Robert Morrison, of Lahore,
India: the Rev. J. H. Orbisnn. of Lahore, India,
and Professor Charles W. Rises, formerly of the
Central Turkey Collejce. Amtah. Turkey.
"Among the educators we number first and fore
most the president of Princeton University, " ood
row Wilson. In addition to the minister* mrz -
In educational work should be mentioned William
F. Magic, professor of physics in Princeton uni
versity, Arthur B. Mliford. professor in V.'abash
College. Crawfordsville. Ind. : Professor Frank L.
Sevenoak. of Stevens High School. Hoboken;_ Pro
fessor Fletcher Furell. of Lawrencevllle. N. J :
Professor WHltani B. Seeley. of San Antonio, Tex..
and the l%te Professor 3idn«y Sherwood, of Johns
Hopkins University. , . _
'•In medicine. Dr. Samuel Alexander and Dr.
Jasper J. Garmany are well known in this city; Dr.
George E. Shoemaker and Dr. Edward Parker
Davis, in Philadelphia, and Dr. Hiram ootis ana
Dr Charles W. Mitchell, in Baltimore. Dr. John
McOaw Woodbury, surgeon general during the iata
Spanish War, and the head of tti» Street Cieanin*
I>epartment in this city, Is al3o a '.» man.
"Among the lawyers who have attained /J?T C
nence in their profession may be mentioned Cnarie-*
O Brewster. Jr.. who enjoys the distinction of be
tcc a member of the class of '79 of both Princeton
and Harvard: Robert R. Henderson, of Cumber
land. s*d.; William B. Lee, of Rochester N. \..
Robert H. McCarter. Attorney General of the state
of New-Jersey; Adrian Rik of Newark: CtekrtM
W McFee. o! Wilmington, Del.: Mahlon Pitney,
justice of the Supreme Court of the- State o. t New -
Jersey Edward W. Sheldon, counsel of the Lnlted
States Trust Company; Charles A TalcottMayor
©f Utica; LouU C. Vanuxeai, of Philadelphia, and
Peter J. Hamilton, of -Mobile. AU.. who Is Mg**"
fied with the codification of the laws of that ata.t»
and U the historian of his native city.
•■Robert Brides and Har Godwin are wei
known in this city from a literary potot of vie*.
the former being for many year connected wita
'Life' and at present a:i editor of Scribner s»
M-^.M -^. a 1h n c e "buslne.<«3 world th* representatives or this
cU«i are well known ii» the various cities wher*
they live. Lawrence W. Ali'boi Is us charge of
a division of the Penn?ylv rant "^.jgejSu
C. Yeomans has Ion? beer, connected with CM
ea«». Bur!inift->n and Quiney, located hv Chicago
D»Mo-eau Barricger. of Philadelphia, jj. not on.)
larp«;y Interested in rntoirig. but is an authority and
expert o" tra Law of Mlr.es and Mining. Rubert
w. Black l» engaged In equipping tns under
ground roa In Lon<lon with .f 1 "- 1^ 1^-,^"*'
B. Brooks is a piomment cltizrn or Baltimore.
while in the business and flnanciiU centres nik™
Cuvler <the class treasurer). Cleveland JL .Dodge.
Parker D. Handy. Eiwood O. Roessl^ W alter H.
= 'oan- Frank Fre.-br y of this city: Colonel a.dwm
A "tevenJ of Castle Point. Hoboken; Cyrus *I.
McCbSsck* ar.d Edward H. Balls of Chicago:
geHv£* a^'d t>t Trol?e U rf •ofp^elphit
"••vTa e riv^vTr? minW of the cias. has been sue
c-'Vfia in his calling. It has members scattered
all oVir the country? especially in the South .and
West, and without exception tney are at a.l limes
ardent and enthusiastic Princeton men .The dvi
has supplied officers, usually the president, for
[even alumni associations scattered over the ron-
nent. and can always be depended upon to «"e-a
a:: alumni reunions. The class expected to supply
its own architect for the dormitory James B.
Lord, architect of the Appellate D. vision Court
house. Dflmonieo"9 and other buiUUngs in this city.
was a member .-: th« clasa. and was ' — =' • •>. :
the plan.- iur the dormitory whence Oed. about ;
year ago. His death considerably retarded tho
plans for the bu!ldln«j."
At a recent meeting of the American Philosophi
cal Society in Philadelphia Professor Krnest W.
Brown, of Haverford. Perm., said:
Two bodie* attract one ai:..ther inversely a» th*
square of the distance; that is. if the distance b*
halved the force is Increased four times: if tfco
distance is divided by ten the force is increased
one hundred tim- This is the Newtonian ilw ot
gravitation. The moon, earth, sun and planets all
s.-.-u.d obey this law, which was discovered by
Isaac Newton in the seventeenth century. How
far, do the bodies obey it? Ths mast ns!ttvi» in
the moon. We are able to otSBTV* it 3 motions so
accurately and preo'ic; Its places with such unfail
ln« certainty ry means of this law that we ran
scarcely hai->- much doubt that it 1? correct. But.
nevertheless, there are some small ..ieviations. ana
the Question Is whether tnese deviations ar» dv« to
errors in th< calculations of astronomers or M
something wroni in the law itself. ....
Han«en theory of the moon s motion has been
accepted up to the present, bJt th»-re are stli*
eorne small differences between his thwory ajid ob
senation. Two. at least, of these have been unex
pialntd In the periods of revolution of the peng<?»
and node. My calcalattoß* bave shown tluit th»
<j'fferenc«» are due to errors In Har.sea'a theory
and that on a correct theory they do not txlst.
Thus. It appears that Xewton's law Is accurate to
one-millionth p«r cent! It is by far the most accu
rate physical law known, and perhapn tha most
utrlkir.e evidence of the fact that our e*Ntenoe and
suroundings are not the nmM of chassa.
— <Science.
-fiat**** wiym »nl unauuU.

xml | txt