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4 GREAT GOVERXOR.
4 Biography of John A. dmdrrtt.
•ray LJFE <""* JOHN A AXr>RF!VT. GOVERXOH
<^p MAMACHfSETTS. IKl.Usi ■ By Henry
Greerile*' Pearson Two vol.. s-r, P p. xi --^
Houf .'- -. lUnlin & Co.
y^e • public service of Governor Ai.
*rew 1* becomingly commemorated la the-e
rolurnet- Time ha» In r.o wise lessened th^>
-cjiular estimate cf that service, but the laps
of a ger.erat:on " :::> needed to give his bioß
rjnber * pr«B«r peispafUre. In th» t-xcitiiig
c f tbt CWI VTar heroes were a-pleaXjr.
•mtesmer. sr r - :: S '=T by ihe roadside, and many
a nr ' (afaad a. H'llf"! if evanescent promi
■gjai. It is th relentless taj*lt of history to
a#teu* those ftasttnad '° stand the twt of tlm<\
wSW* liv»e have a mti»aaire beyond that .if the
abOJa characters sesetva the -«tudy a::d to-
T V the ' nv.ilation Of posterity. <'f ?uch waa
. v. r A- Andrew. It was his foresight that put
■ajajaeb'^-' :r. such a -'ciiditicn of preparei
_ ♦v^t dM outbreak of hcstUitiea found her
' c _, pn the way i' l Washtngtoo withta two
Amy/% Of Lii'.i'clr.'s rail; it n-ns his '"inasrii us
r-tttrfUsm ar.d tireless *nerg>- that vitalized
nß d gsve BgpMßSksß to the patriotic ardor of
>vir-Engia-d. ar.d it was his umlligent sjrm
1,,-tv Hti '-" ■***oi A '-'- <i Bapteattooa ef the
-Ixia p*^r" •*■• ;*; *" nT an Twhelaatng force
■ h s public acts *n ' gttrnnw. Hut beyond
al Bwj hi» Intense flaswtfosj to the puhi:.- :n
tertft «•*» sustained and fortiSe.l by profound
N-'ift or. rather, total absorption m th*» moral
■l-ise s» espoused, by his faith ::; the demo
cratic >d«a ; . H -"' i by ar ""hakable optimism
•ha: lookM UT" 1 " me loftiest aims and r- 1 I
r'o?s:blll'i«. ?uch an unusual combination of
I'hancter ajji nppartanltw r:u:de a national !Ir
■re of or« ••■ * v< * held national office. It ta
tv'-x that his '■•-•* should be written la the
ra'.D diJpaßion rf tn-iay. and this dur-.
bias attf discharged by KR P" -rson.
John Albion Andre- waa bora in [811 in the
town of vrindham. Me., and there his boyhood
wnm *TT»a Lit* of John A. Ar.lrew."
•as spent. As a bey he *as attracted to ora
tory, and cultivated a marked gift of mimicry
by reproducing fur the ber.e£t of youthful aaso
'•latu sermons and put".:- :.i irises. Kis read
lness In Biblical Quotation throughout his Mt'e
Mtens his early diiiren<r» in attending church
and as unusuaiiy retentive memory was exer
cised and strengthened by his favorite practice
flf tmltatinf the latest orator he had lister..- 1 , to.
Ha) Interest la politics also began early, and *•;
tad that at ten he declared himself "a* A lairs
mac" aafi was eager to anrue with any of Jack
•oc's eupporrers. As a boy, too, his heart was
enlisted :■ the anti-slavery iuv an mural
founds, and he began to be known a* a de
bater aai Una upholder of radical opinion?. At
tit catcre age ■>♦ fifteen he *as invited to ad
*«•* public meeting in favor of temperance,
"•••Quitted biasself with «r~lit. At Bowdoin
c «Ubbx under The j residency of Dr. ■William
Ai-en. himself sob cf a "fighting parson" of
Revolutionary days, he was grounded in ■ '<>fty
Patriotism aad acquired increasing skill la the
tie •! the weapons with which he m to <lo
&■ &e'j work. He delighted in Hiding, bat
*«•! no assets] interest in the prescribed
•■■■■a. spending BHKh time in students" rooms
— jx eisart, micgi:::*; with men— from the ace-
c * rr " B potnt of view a jovial and rather lazy
"••■Utjiaate. in 1554 Gwr?f Thompson.
th * Catfish abolitionist, visited the oaDsga and
lpok * to th« students on slavery; it is rharae
?enn!c °* Andrew that thirty year* later ha
<■* »•■«■•, hi an id<sp*«a of welcome to Thornp
'• IS HJritf rwbatta BSBvBBi -s from the
*|* ff * h that had ■ ;.-. jvy affected him as i stu
t °a bel^ff crafiuaie-J. at nineteen. Andrew went
° Bcrtoa to practise law. th* family at th»
»ovjr iS to the neighborhood of Salem.
It had formerly been settled. Progress
*• sar was clow. His ha!)it of mind, wis
• ■sßjacire to rapid waslnrj of the pi .•:.■-.
"t is pra< tin ■ n was <|f"-lfr' Once on his
3be *» Trur.?;<jrm>d. lie was thoroughly
*•■ *• ire to!!, bis families at their test.
n « ** testlnrt ha had the right way with a
*/*• At this ttm and always, Bis phi'.an
■"pic be • led htm to stSßd ' f to help D
••■ penr.ii .••«■ prlsopera rttaa Bad money
• m * *tthOßt KtM m su< h rases, to th«* ::.
ttfv! ** **** 0Wr * P B **"*" fcut f " lh * verl ' sreat
J^**tape cf that accumulation of affection
y* **** ore of his choicest poasesstone. "To
1 *■*■* man nt Andrew* opt&ness of mind,"
•y» his biographer, no enrlronment could have
"■*■• ■»•«• distraction from the law than the
■ "*nian ferment of new ideas which character
** Boston in the early forties. " and in this
*■* *l«tracUoa he duubtieas found stimulus
**»o*ura««in»«(nt that be would have vainly
"••J* 1 In tht routine of his profession. It was
TBlT 81 *■ a treat U»yer that John Andrew was
•"■toed to be remembered. He took part in
*ra»j Prerman Clarke's effort* to broaden and
*— *— tilt Unitarian Church, he plated the
th !l! l0 ° Ct ce * ' UIU punishment, he promoted
_^*"* Jfim of the laws governing usury and
'!?. * *rfta«a»d legislative hearings, prepared
"tloae. wrote antl-stavery articles, and found
* V '-Tthlng to occupy him outside of his strictly
"■■■"■■♦••• l duties. In 1846 we find him seer- -
Jwr of a Paoeuil Hall meeting protesting
l^'riii the treatment of a fugitive slave and
**"••«■« la % vigHance committee whose pur
j *"•* to abld* by the law. but to wring
■"■" it the ctmost protection for any person
on Massachusetts soil whose liberty was called
In question under United States laws. Such a
man must ne*ds be present at the birth of the
Free Soil movement, and later of the Republi
can party. He lock a bar.d lr. politics, aerrad
on the State committee of his party, and aided
in the movement that put ■manar la the Benatft,
but manias* and business and philanthropy
kept l.mi at this time from very clore connec
tion KB the mechanism of polities In which
!.•-• had btrctoten attained mediocrr? succes?.
The . ; .!ys 01 tha oid regime were numbered.
Whigtan ->v;.s played out. The Know-N
■rare rasa and subsided. The operation of the
Fugitive Slave law as turning moderates into
fdicalfc Th.- elements were in the crucible
with v. crackling nr*> underneath, and it was as
naturnl for water to run up hi!! as for John
A Andrew, with his intense feeling, his en
thusiasm, his atfl 'if speech and love of action,
to remain out of politics. He was elected In
the fall of I 1*"I 1 *" to the lower house of the State
Legtaiatsre, in which the most conspicuous fig
ure wma Caleb Cashing. In the height of his
great Intellectual powera ar.d the ptenltode of
fame ac<iuired in the Cabinet and on the bench,
as n-ell as by legislative and diplomatic service.
this eminent Dtmifrfnt vai bo mean antagonist.
The Democrats vera in tha minority, but their
opponents had do tDokesman who cool I meet
Coshinc on anything hk.» equal — none, at
' ' t ill Andrew proved hi* title. The first
encounter o«-curre<l when Andrew delivered a
Kui'Ufi ar.'\ romprebenslTe analysis of the
■ ! ■ -. • . a!-.i :, tw averred was made
Iv ti).' coart for political reasons in the interest
Of slavery. This Joshing denounced a» an
err-.cti. ,!-.:i outgrowth of the Puri-an character,
and Andrew retorted, glorifying in the defini
tion of ;i Puritan, and In th^ir crossing the sea
because tho;. could not be fre» elsewhere, and
In their reaMTa "eargti of humanity — small by
count but infinite tn truth and mural power."
The climax of the session was reached in the
passage of an address to the Governor to re
move fr-.-m tha Probate Court Judge Loring.
wh» aa United • < ': > :es rnniinlMhim I had se:;t
• ' y Burns tack to slavery. The subject
had been discussed for two or three years, and
had Snally been settled. Cashing was expected
JOHN A. ANDREW
to excoriate tbe law tmder which the removaj
took ptarc A aptctator describes the acene:
In a '.ur-ibr.nus ron''. but wlih an aff^<-t»'l palen
n!ty of BMBaer, be annotmced th* words ot :•:•
t>-xt 'Ari now r'.r tbe deed Is Sone." "Am"""
sikMtted the Methodist nfnistar from the cape^WlU
:ain Dxis 1 -. of Cbatbeja, In n «t«ntorlan rotee, and
with m!! peaafhle unction. elicltin« piirh «-xpl<i«l«.r.^
of biochter and bursts of ■pplause as required all
• ■ , Speaker's energy with bn mallei for - time
In restore order fat*a Mr. CnsJUm vu dlseon«
r-~n-<i :trr\ osflßpelled to Join >n «n« amoral hilarity.
\ aeati Ids denvnetation of the law followed
in tn <-oi;u«ri.t attack en the opposition. A:»
awtnrard pause mfi— A ' no ooa waa prapared
10 answer Cnshing. At last, says an eyalliMau,
Andrew, to tho Mrprlae si nearly every one.
to« k the floor.
FT a BMBt h> preceded snmewhnt besttat
taft I 11.-t'pned with great Interest ! had b^n
■Tub him that s<ssion. i:i c<'mmjtte* T>r thre^
month». and had h<-.ird him OlseVH tiiin question
r-p#>at.-,j;y wit I creut dOQtMnee anJ abUity. ,
kr.<-m- th»-'«t':fT m In him. ;ii!<! that he only needed
to h» excited to a point wb*r* • r "* '-"v!! overcome
a certain <UA««me« t-» mak- «n *"— '' v - ipeec . H
had a ha Mt whJeh I ted oh-^rv«l in comm'tt-*
srten h*- becssae In ipslon " turnlnsj
up the sleeve of Us ml Preswstljr Imw Andnrw
timing u;> bis sl« v-. and -all to a Wlow S-rator
by mv Bide: Andrew is setting want) He ta tUTß
irig up Us .-oat KleVfe; n-.w you wl 1 bavt It In
a Lo^Bont his volc< broke out in a WWier key and
■troeh - note bryoo.i tne compass -f is r■ , '..r..!
IW pmrtfttng. r^oriinf triujnpha nt-i r. "■* t"f
mor- than half an bo-ir j* ■*«£• w::h a nrpld.
X rloquei • i
n-v-r i!«ar.i equalled b*-?ore or BMC*.
He proceeded to nnswer his opponents points
MM Bfter another with mingled irony and In
rcgttve, patntag to have a flinsr at "that Infernal
rtatnte" fth« Fugitive Slave iaw> kmthed by an
ItassmebQSWtta. and meeting Pushing, charge
that no,v fur the Brst tin"* ■ u ' 3k< * ha<l been
r , n ,,,,H for poJltleal rtmmmM by pradortns; a
precisely parallel ea» hi Maine, where the re.
moval had twaa "■••■ ie by the Detnoeratie party
■rttb. Caleb fushing's saactloa.
In ■ BKunest at rxaltaiion appearing to see in
blTinJnds^yi in Urn sear tutan. 1 •• •hadow of
ron p .-v.- 11 h.5 vo*ee rang out with sn eiulttng
.."' ThVi may « on: but 3ws «*» »< f,"" Is man:
,:>,„■ •i-vni"'-. I thai party .-talks the headsman!
SSn ffS3 rthTSeSti^s? s^
n to do evil." 1
J r":,r ": iWii"".- «"r around 10 bear the muttertaa
tin: Is .i. rOl Ma terrible r^erberatlooa
*The speei-h wu an instant success, nr.d had
nuch more than th* Uamadlata Utofsileac
ta, a powerful opponent who had tbe magm
• Unity to ad-i his COBfmtaJatfcma to tn.se of
his colleagues, It solidified the party. It set the
moril cause at stake in tbe tTM Ught. and gave
voice to the deepest feelings of tbe hour. It
also sta-ted the movement which gave Andrew
the opportunity of his life, so that The Tribunes
correspondent at »• next State convention
I think tlis tfentJTnan pospe«<«e« now more of th
t-nn^Aeiv*"and I soo.i will >f tSt otettaettvely am:
w mAol tue Republican party than any
other man ! except Senators Sumner and Haw
"ribMS personally very popular, and puts h:mself
up?n instant tf ood terms with all men whom he
There is little tn Andrew's printed speeches
that miinpanrtl to Ibdc fr»Bt effectiveness as
d-srribed b? contemporaries. Surcharged with
feeling, he poured out a Quick fire of short, sharp
se-ue-cfs thai roused the sleepiest convention to
enthusiasm. Bad swept calm audiences off their
fee*. H- was chairman of the Massachusetts
delegation to th» convention that nominated
linco'n. and visited SpringtleM to r.otlfy the
candidate En a speech on his return, be said
of Urn nominee: "My eyes were never visited
v iili the vision of a human face in which more
transparent honesty and »ore benignant ktnd
ne» were combined with more of the intellect
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SATURDAY. MAY 28. 1904.
and firmness which belong to masculine human
ity." The campalgTi thus entered upon resulted
in the election of Andrew as Governor by only
a slightly less majority than that cast by Mas
sachusetts for Abraham Lincoln. The codfish
aristocracy lamented the iteration of one out
side the Back Bay circle; capital pronounced him
unsafe. Impulsive, a dangerous man, as capital
is apt to do of one who has a head OB his shoul
der?, but the people believed in his sterling In
tegrity, and gave him unstinted support.
Before assuming office Andrew went to Wash
ington to consult the leaders of his party as to
bow far it was necessary or expedient to yield
to the demands of Southern sympathizers. So
soon did the restraining influences of office
begin to weigh on the advanced radical. The
chief result of the trip was an early convic
tion that war was imminent, and his first ef
forts as Governor were put forth to prepare
his people for the struggle without exciting
them to breach of the peace.
To relate how he succeeded In getting the
only armed regiment into Washington before
the city was cut off from the North, hi*' he
had regiment after regiment in readiness, faster
than transportation coirtd be provided for them.
bOW in the dubious days he manfully shoul
dered responsibilities that faced him and sought
new one.«. is to repeat the history of Massachu
setts during this time. He seemed to be gov
erned by the thought expressed in one of his
last utterances: "In respect to principles I am
always radical. In respect to measures I am
always, conservative,' 1 and more than one of
his admirers were Impressed with "the lar^e
infusion of common sense and practicability
mixed up with his enthusiasm."
We have followed the steps by which Andrew
reached the highest office in the gift of his
State, we have watched the unfolding of his
faculties ar.d the formation of his character.
His a< hioven.cr.ts during the years from 1861
to l Vi 3 are a matter of history. Once ore we
may yuote Mr. Pearson:
its Is :.'..it
• .: . • ■ eft it a trained n
- and ;t stai
When Andrew retired he refused tempting
offers of judicial an<l diplomatic employment,
and set out providing for his family through
practice of his profession. His friends knew,
and he knew. that h:^h political preferment
might yet await him. The Vice-Presidency un
der Grant might be his, or a Cabinet office or
Secretaryship— aH ware talked of. ar.d either
might easily have been compassed. Bat it was
not to be. The terrific nervous strain, the end
less : itisjue, the exhaustion of vitality, had used
him up. and the end carr.e very quickly in Octo
ber, ■-''7 H« was only forty-nine.
The Story of His Trip Around the
World in IS
AROUND THE WORLD WITH A KINO By
William N Armstrong : 1 it< ■■■■\ i<p..
xv:: 3 . . kA. Stokes rnpaa]
This is the story of the circumnavigation of
• . globe by Kilakaua T. the last kins of the
Hawaiian Islands. The atithor was K:il.'.".
\- ■ ■■ «. '.■:■•: : : : ..••< omp tnled him
dual capacity of Minister of state ai I Roj I
Commi^imer of Immigration, the king having
appointed him to th» latter I • • truc
ttona to seek ■ ■ r tn ■: recruits *
depleted r ipalatkM of the kingd 1 Although
It was In 1881 thai the tour wai ma .
th» fin complete record of its events, ■'. '.■
being nal ely attribute '. by Mr. Armstrong
the tact thai "kings, above all .:.•:.. rese
language but thai of adulation, and if one
would avoid censure, he bj wise to an ■•' I
1 • 1 . o< Death and reserve his narrative
ontU the subject of \: is In the other world."
The King's chamberlain, Colonel C. H.
was also of th«? party, and. with Mr. Armstrong,
most have been highly diverted by the 1
amusing Incidents that enlivened the tour.
K^LiK.l.::!. it (teems, bad Bt flrst .!••-■ ■ :
to travel mcogntto, but before the Journey fa id
been well begun he show.<! that be bad ma le
i::> his mind to don the trippings o? royalty
whenever possible. His mur«»* was mark I
an alma I onintei rapti ! ■ - ■ ■ of itate
banqueta, many of which must have aor< •;•■ trie 1
the patience of the suite. If not of the monarch
himself. At Hong Kong, Indeed, the dusky
ruler fHI asleep while a Government House dm
n»-r wafl in prngr^s. and the situation waa
saved only by the autek wit of the Governor*!
wife, who ordered the band hi the balcony to
play "Hawaii Pond." the familiar tune ■]
arou-ii:* his majesty. Many an amusing epi
sode occur red at oth»r dinners, and now and
then the King "put his foot In it" In 1 way
vonderful to beheld. The most noteworth] oc
ension of this kind occurred at a banquet at
the Guildhall attended hy King Edward VII,
th-^n Prince of Wales, and presided Over I :■'
the Lord Mayor of London. Katekaua bad
memorized <*■ speech, but. when he rose forgot
it completely and was obliged to nttemporize.
From the English standpoint h^ aeoultted him
s.-lf creditably, but the mterjectlon of ■ w -
tence, "I have no political parties In my own
country: there are no Lar.d Leaguers there; I
would not permit such men to trouble ray
people." aroused a storm of Indignation la
Ireland. The ing bad planned to Include that
island in his Itinerary, but when next morning
Mr. Armstrong assured him that be would be
greeted hy "showers of decayed vegetables and
a mob of the Land Leaguers." the trip was
BoQSbtoa, Ktßßa A Oa.
fThenever possible Kalakaua endeavored to
combine business with pleasure. While In Japan
he not only agreed to the abrogation of a treaty
unfavorable to the Land of the Rising Bui but
secretly conducted negotiations looking to the
marriage of one of the Imperial princes of
Japan and the Princess Kaiulani. his niece and
heir to the throne. Buch an alliance would 1 1 c
enlisted the Japanese government against the
movement to annex Hawaii to the United States,
but it -am«» to naught because, "aside from
social ussnni the Emperor, with bis advisers,
would not aid In any scheme which Impaired
the '«i here of American Influ 'nee over Hawaii.' "
The Incident did not mar the pleasure of the
royaj visit ta Japan, but the lavish entertain
ments were suddenly Interrupted by ti an
nouncement of the assassination of the Csar.
Mr. Armstrong states that the King, as re
quired by etiquette went into retirement and
grief over the ions of his royal Russian brother
for the rest of the day. but. as a matter of fact.
most of the tirr.e v. as spent in admonishing Rob
ert, the valet because, while drunk, be bad
■sat ' hlrr.aelf on the royal silk hat and crushed
•_•• "Robert" waa one of the most important
personages la the party, in bis own estimation.
and was continually occupied in adding to its
excitement. Time and again the Kings entour
age begged him to discharge the valet but Kala-
Uu. steadfastly refused and it was later dis
covered that be had secretly commission* him
to keep a confidential diary of the trip. Rob
ert's sole aim in life, however, according to Mr.
Armstrong, was to keep himself inebriated, an
aim which he had little difficulty in achieving.
ALSO GUM SHOES.
From The Chicago News.
•^TwVik"" SrT! "Noah." he saul. 'hut
T do^\know a whaVkind of costume she wore a,
th " Why '.that's easy." chuckled the friend; "she
wore a mackintosh."
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