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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, June 05, 1904, Image 10

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?l(intj Ways in Which These Ani
mals Are Made Useful.
Happening to glance at the papers affixed to the
church door In a Yorkshire village, the property
of a well known and Justly popular earl In those
part», writes C. J. Cornish In "The Corr.hill Maga
ri:ie." I noticed that his lordship had last year
paid tUBS '• 'i.ty-elght dogF. bealdes his
hounds. This included the doge of his sods. <sfii;gh
ters and grandchildren, but It represented a sub
stantial contribution to the national exchequer.
Sevrn-e'-rbths of our doss belong to the ranks of
tnc unemployed and are very property tuxed. The
other eighth, which work for their living, enjoy th«
iionorable distinction of being tax free, a very rare j
Kiid tegular privilege In our dear country. It |
must, however, be added that among the genteel or I
tax r«yl&g clor^ is a small and honorable class, i
■which -rark strenuously and exercise their brains |
end txxlles in the service of sport. These dogs cer- j
tainly earn their llvinr for they aid In the capture j
or fjine and save much loss of dead and suffering
of wounded animals. Consequently their claim to
belong to the active class 1? undeniable. As many
of them undergo yearly competitive examinations
In the spring and late simmer in field trials, they
are thoroughly modern and "up-to-date" animals.
ard. though representing a very old fashioned
canine lin« of business, are quite progressive and In
touch with the spirit of the age. Nothing is more
ch::rncteri'-tic of th« "actuality" of modern life
than the way in which new Industries grow up and
leave those who were engaged In the old ones
•without ssnployment, and nothing Is more charac
teristic of Ei.gilshmen than the r.lmbleness with
tvhich they Fkip from an old trade to a new one.
sad avoid Ing left behind. As with men, so with
dog*, and especially with Knghsh breeds of dog.
They no longer carry the tinker's panniers, with
a load of pipcer* and soldering irons, on their
backs, cr draw the flsh carts to Nottingham from
Grimsby. or bait bears, or track sheep stt-alers. or
tur: the s;,it. Hut so great Is the affection and
respect of dogs for men. so keen their eagerness to
please, so unflagging their zeal when at work, bo
■trong their desire to be employed, that they are
•ver ready and willing to learn new work and to
make tbemaelv-BS useful as the times demand.
The most recent evidence of the "transferabHity"
of dogs from complete Idleness to strenuous Indus
try occurred recently on the Yukon and other
trails to Klondike. As the gold fever brought to
gether all sorts and condition* of men, and set
them to the roughest lota, in which all differences
cf class were sunk, so the search for gold brought
together d.igs of all kinds, sizes and occupations,
-and set th. m all to work hauling sledges. No one
cared much whether the individual digger were a
navvy, a clerk, an ex -acrobat or a storekeeper.
But they were moat particular in inquiring into
-the antecedents of their dogs, and the value of
these was appeal usually in inverse ratio to
their civilization. What was preferred was a half- j
am*ac» Indian dog. whOe the dog of civilization and j
education was despised. Bat in the end many of
these, even performing dogs, proved their worth.
The "mixture of classes" in the canine society of
the Yukon reached its acme when the Canadian
government decided to send a police force up to
Klondike. Previously to this all sorts of animals
had en drawing vehicles up the passes and on th»
portages. Among them were horses, oxen, "elk"
and goats, but th. three latter seldom got further
than thirty miles from the coast, owing to the
dearth of hay. The native dogs were bought up
rapidly, at prices equal to those which a good horse
■would fetch elsewhere. They were trained animals
In which t!..:r . wners took pride, and were ail en
paged to different persons or contractors, before
the police expedition was decided on. An agent
#ent to the likeliest spots in the Northwest re
ported that he "could not get a dog that was a
■dog' 1 for any pries within the bounds of reason.
Tl.e Governor then sent out another agent with
orders not to be too select in his selection.
The result was. according to J. B. Bornham, that
■either because the agent wanted to get back, or
because be was not such a connoisseur In dogs as
the other num. be returned with .i line string of ail
Trlnels of creatures which would not have come
under his predecessor's eatepory of "a dog that
■was a dog" ••■■ all. They were quite civilized
-dogs; for, instead of going among the Indians, the
Rger.t just went down to Lake Superior. North
Chore, and bought up everything from performing
jiuodles to the pet dogs of barbers' shops. The
jK>li'-e achieved •••• marvel of organization In turn-
Ing many of this untrained assortment into useful
hledSja animals. The result was that the dogs of
x - iviiized man were soon in competition with Indian
•-jiuskk and other native teams. One set of tine
mongrels about in- size of large Scotch terriers,
none of them weighing more than forty pounds,
drew a load of three thousand pounds over the
Ice of l^ake litunet. Tli< sleCri" wafi always
■jtarted for them, but when unco started they kept
H moving. The owner, a halfbre<id. led to follow
behind and out of sight, .nojurjigiiig them by voice
only, and by a system of rewards. li;:t the dogs
pr#Vi< . educated to other business acquitted
themselves sretL "I Raw a trick poodle in one
lean." says Mr. Barnham. "His leader (there
wore only two dogs in this siedge) was .i big sullen
Newfoundland, a picture of pessimism personified.
Xbe poodle had i»> <-:. recently dipped, ;;iid still bad
Jt:, heavy mane and Isssrllrnl tail. This poodle wai
tIM lest t-mjiTed lilt!- '.cast imaginable. Every
June ihe learn stopped— end stops were frequent.
Bar Ibens was a sick m^n along -with them— tha dog
•would oitp-T around in his harness, ar.d do every
thing Short of turning somersaults. He stood on
his hind legs, and turned backward In the harness,
ami never was still for an instant." Our sympa
thies go out toward this pool little strolling actor
of a dog, forced to join in the search for gold.
Jie might have made one of the celebrated troupe
■with M. Joiieu-ur in Hector Mai «'a story •'Ens
Famille." As an animal of draught. m.in was
found to be decidedly Interior to dogs, though tho
me-i pulled sledccs without grumbling. A man
could draw bis own weight and travel fifteen miles
a day Th.- dog would pull v. load equivalent to his
own weight ;>r:d travel thirty miles in a day. The
dog Uuurmups use*: was quaint. It was a mixture
of English and Canadian Trench, used by persons
vim mainly had no Idea wnal th* latter meant;
but as they heard the Canadian Indians uso it,
they adopted it. The order to start was "machan,"
•which '■:, analysis was found to stand for "man-he
chlen." The EriKll?h converted it into "march on"!
It is commonly believed that the spotted carriage
dops. once m frequently kept in England, were
about the most useless creatures of the dog kind.
maintained only for show and fashion. This la a
-mistake. They w< re used at a time when a travel
ling carriage carried, besides its owners, a large
amount of valuable property, and the dugs watched
The carrl.'jre at r.ii;ht when th» owner* were sleep-
Ing at country tons. W« feel that we owe an
apology to the race of carriage dogs. They are
Dot Bsstess even now, but, on the contrary, very
-useful :-.rima'.>. and no one appreciates them
more th:.n the coachmen of whose horses they
are the Inseparable companions. The coachman of
th« lite Prince Batthyanl told the writer that these
dogs were the befit of alda In training spirited
-young carriage horses. The horse constantly
looked out for the dog us it ran by its «ide, paid
fett< ution to it. and was >li much engaged In
thinking of Its stable companion, the dog. that it
-wan far tess nervous, lidgeuy and shy than when
taken out alone. «me of his dogs was. in his
1 i.ra. 1 -.-. the "pride of the park." Some readers may
remember this dog. It used to place its. -If exactly
"beneath the pole chains when the carriage was
driven out. and, trotting fast, would maintain Its
place there to an inch, either In the park or in the
streets In the crowd of a London season. In the
ataMea, which wars large, the carriage dog always
had one favorite horse, which he slept with. But
when the Mud was sent into the country by road,
"he mounttd guard at the door ot the inn stables at
night, and sometimes refuse to let the Indigenous
hostlers and grooms enter or to go near the rugs
and harness. While the carriage dog is becoming
extinct In apiu of Us useful qualities, other breeds
aie Invading t-iheres of work in which they had
formerly no -jcrt. Th ■ i .ih< , for instance, is re
placing the Scotch doerhour. ! in the work of re
covering wounded doer, nnd before long halfbreed
tetters win bs doing the work of retrievers. The
clog which retrieves is so common that wo scarcely
admire him enough. I'nc-ivllized or htlf civilized
race* lock on him aa thing Euper-eanitte. When
Trevor Battye'e old retrieving spa-del Sailor was
among the Samcyede?. they, and even the Russian
peasants, were q-jlte sstnnlsnsQ at h!i» sagacity and
cou'.d hardly pay mm enough attention. They
could not picture a dog which picked up game and
«*.ld not try to ea«. It. though their own animal?
are well trained as drovers' docs for collectlr.r their
There la not the slightest doubt that In the mod
ern retrievers "acquired certainly, one ac
quired habit, that of fetching dead and wounded
game are transmitted directly. The puppies some
times retrieve without being taught, though with
this they also combine a greatly Improved capacity
for further teach! . Recently a retriever was sent
m&h a winged >£&■!***- which had run into a
fltteh. The a ° followed It some way down the
>^i! ..? i? r . t !*'. nU i r cam *' cut with '«"» oIJ
v^,i he l d I V U - T><luln b - v the handle. The
Wile was taken from the dog amid much laujth
njßpartridge' The i;.lanatlon was that the bird
when ran into the ditch, w^ic-h wißw iß narl
on 1,1, ,W <»teh was the old kettle, with no lid
?"•. !! tt V 10 ,» t l? 1 * , t $ <: U . rtl . cr< pt; and, as the dog could
Mt BBt the bird , out -J l very pro-ieily brought out
«m .?i' J lt « h tn l blrd tn ll Among dot's that
2K2L •?& f*S5 *•?• {TOO<I retrievers deserve a
!,?rt Ur« rank - A cou|ll « of hundred hi.Ma
1 1- ■ ■■ --'■ ;i
Blßrf-lS Tor f.pcrt and amusorrnsrit
_ Tiw> ancl«it and hcnorsblo (Joe industry of ahe;>
herding will probably endure in full vigor an long
aa mutton remains in demand. The grounds or
this pleasing belief Ha deep In the nature of the
fheep themselves. Naturally sheep are mountain
animals. They always flourish best on high moors
and upland pastures, and it is there that the great
1 centres of ehec-p breeding endure, whether on the
Cumberland fells, the Scotch hills or the raouiHulr.s
of Sriain iiiid Thrace. Hut In the two lftt'-r dis
tricts th« business of the dog Is quite different
from that in Scotland or Cumberland, in Spain, or
on the Khodope Mountains, the dog Is a guard
again. at wolves; bears or thieves. In more civilised
countries he Is deputy shepherd, and does nearly
&ii the hard work, except that which demands tho
Unf, of hands. Peoplo nave become so accustomed
to the idea that the sh< : !ierd dog is clever and
useful that they often omit to find out for them
selves bow astonishingly clever and useful he la.
One needs to stand below a Cumberland fell and
watch them at work, to realize that these are the
most highly trained animals in the world. Their
bight, unlike that of moist dogs, must be ahttmlsh
iugly keen, for they can follow the signals made by
their masters' arms at a distance of one and a half
miles up a mountain. The side of the fell is divided
i artly Into square lnclosures Made by walls, with
?;ate«-ays. but no gates. These lnclosures become
arger higher up the hill, till they end In one long
wall, anove which Is the open moor. This Inclosed
part Is known as the "Intake," and a pate, or fratt;
wav, leads through it on to the moor; this gate,
through which every four footed or two legfred
being which goes up the mountain passes, being
known as the "gate of the Intake." Suppose a flock
of six hundred or seven hundred sheep is scattered
on the moor, and the shepherd la in the valley and
wishes to get the whole flock collected, driven
through the "sate of tho intake," then through
four or flvo Inciosures into that in which he
means them to spend the night, or to bo sheared.
or have- their fleeces smeared, or In the case of
very cold moors to put on Jackets for the winter.
He does not stir up tho 1,111 himself, hut sends the
dog with one or two spoken words and a wave of
his hand. The dog listens carefully and looks keen
ly st his master. He is attentive, and deferential.
Th»n he gallops off with a yelp, scampers up
through the Inciosures, running through the gates,
pets beyond the intake, and begins collecting the
sheep. This he does often at full gallop, and with
much barking. When he is "blown" he trots. By
this time he is a mile up the hill, but sound travels
well and the air is clear. The shepherd shouts and
waves his arms this way and that, and tho dog
pallors as directed. This be does largely on trust.
for the following reason: The shepherd below, or
on an opposite hill, can see the whole moorslde, and
'spots" single sheep or groups scattered In hollows
and rolls of tho moor. The dog, being on the moor
side itself, cannot command the same view, and
would cither leave sheep behind or have to quart*
the ground and beat it. like a setter looking for
grouse. His master will in this way signal to the
dog to bring in a single sheep, perhaps half a mile
from where the animal Is standing breathlessly
watching for orders.
On the great sheep ranches of North America, as
well as on the estanelas of Argentina, the dog plays
every year a more Important part. The Argentine
method is the more complete, for by it the dog be
comes part of the flock. The puppies are suckled
by a ewe, and when grown up are fed only on
vegetable food and milk, for which they visit the
estanda, and having devoured it rush back to their
flock, pursued by the farm dogs. When they reach
the flock, they Been at once to gain courage, and
turn on their pursuers. They guard the sheep both
night and day. and also assist the shepherds to
drive them or collect them on the pastures. In the
mountain districts of Colorado, in the Far Northern
States. Bhtep-.ioss have been Imported from coun
tries as far distant as New-Zealand. The most
nofd breed In Colorado is descended from a pair
of these dogs, and their offspring have, an inherited
gift of shepherding. A tdx-munths-old puppy was
employed with others In getting sixteen hundred
siieep into a "corral" before a blizzard. When the
enow began to fall it noticed that two hundred
sheep were not there, and that the puppy iv.i* also
missing. Th<» herders bunted all that night and
part of the next day, when the two hundred -!.•••;>
were found, driven into a little gully, with the
puppy standing on guard it had been thirty-six
hours without food or water, and died later from
exposure, followed by too much overfeeding from
sympathetic persons. This occurred near Port Col
lins, in Colorado. The mother of this puppy was
on» day missed at supper. She was found at the
corral, guarding a gate which the shepherd had
left open th« night before.
In France there is now a sheepdog club sup
ported by the Ministry of Agriculture and by the
agricultural press, as well as working shepherds
and drovers. At Auf-ervlMe last year, in the im
mense plains of the Heauce district, where sheep
feeding Is the local industry, a competition was
held, in which thirty-two dogs were entered. The
sheep had to be driven along a serpentine track,
merely marked by furrows and flags, over two
fences. a ditch and a mound and through a gap.
All this had to be done to order, ar.d was a trying
ordeal both for shepherds and dogs. The latter
were mainly broken-haired prick-eared dogs about
the sire of a pointer.
It is Interesting to know that there Is one dog
who makes his living by driving a printing press.
It is only a development of the "id turnspit busi
ness, but th* .log prints a whole edition of one tho .
sand papers in one hour. The dog la i in* : Gypsy
and is the property of Carroll & Bowen proprie
tors! of "Th<- Plymouth iWis.t Review." H< la a
two-year-old English mastiff. weighs one hundred
poun«s, and does his w-irk by rinmir.t' round In a
wooden wheel eight feet In dlami u-r. To ih»- whei 1
if attached a belt connecting with tbe presses in
the nut room, .and when the dog has ... ......
his copy with one pre^s be sets to WTOTk On anotl ■ r
Jn conclusion, those who feel pleasure in the use
nnd continuance of ai Imal helpers and servers will
be pleased to note that two most creditable and
highly skilled dog Industries .«t:!! survive wwii
actually did Dot exist when Dr. Calus wrote his
delightful treatise "Da Canlbua Angllse" for the
Information of Ge-r.er. The performers are the
decoy man's <;..a; and the blind man's dog If th-
decoy dog had been known to Caiua he would have
included It with delight In bis list of bird taking
dogs. But, though he mentions the "subtlety" of
durkF, and thai the water spaniel, of which he
give- an accurate description, was used to retrieve
them when wounded, he says nothing of the more
artful devices of the decoy mini's dog. ll<- notes
that the water spaniel was especially useful for
fetching back arrows which had been shot at writer
birds and were floating, and that the dogs were in
clever that they often picked up other people's lost
arrows and brought them as well as t!i- ir masters'
It Is dear from this that decoys were not known
at all .-'s early as that, and that the belief that
they were a late Introduction from Holland is cor
rect The decoy dog's business Is to run In and
out of the screens which ad to the pipe, and bo
to Induce the ducks to follow him. A mist «,r
momentary disobedience by the di;' might lose tr;<
best "take" of the season, y- t bo Intelligent and
wen triiu«.-i are these dogs thai they practically
never do wrong.
Vne blind men's dogs do not appear In English
paintings earlier thai: the reign of Anne, and Dr.
Caius mentions them not. In London they form a
large and most Intelligent part of the very few
dogs which earn a living or help their masters to
do so. The manner of their education, which Is
highly specialised, must have puzzled many per
sons who have seen them resolutely guiding their
poor master to his stand or back to his home, along
crowded pavements and over the cross streets,
never passing these when a cab is out to turn
up them and sometimes barking their disapproval
if a cart turns without warning too near to their
charge. I find that many of these dogs are taught
by a half blind man who makes this part of his
humble livelihood. And "this he does," as Herod
tua say*. "In v way I am not at liberty to men
tion." It would not be ri^lu to divulge his educa
tional system. But many are taught by the blind
mm themselves, especially If they have not always
been blind and remember the streets and turnings
A youn-s* dog Is taken out with the old dog. and soon
imitates him by pulling on the string In front of
the man. Then he. Is told not to go oft the pave
ment and to be careful in crossing Ride streets The
blind men ask for human help when crossing th'
main street, but otherwise trust to th- dog. Their
duty If to take their master out In the morning and
to take him home again. The latter they learn
with no difficulty, going straight to th'_: bouse door
One particularly clever bund man's dog, which takes
his master every day from near Fulham pis works
to the Brompton Road and homo again, la only four
years old. His master buys his provisions every
evening on the way home, and this dog takes him
to the shops he deals with. When told to go to
the baker's he takes his master to the Shop and
when told to go to the grocer's he does so without
State Board of Health Reports Third Largest
on Record for April.
Albany. June 4.— The State Department of Health
to-day Issued Its bulletin of statistics for tho month
of April. There were 13.700 deaths In the Stato
during that period. The bulletin says:
Tills month has generally tho uniform mortality
of about H>,W) In this State, and Is seldom subject
to fluctuation. In 1%» them were 12,600 deaths, fol
lowing a still higher March mortality; in 1893 there
were about 12.000 deaths in the month, with the
Fame number In March, nnd in IS9I. at the height of
a grip epidemic, there were 14,0") deaths, follow
ing a March mortality not above the normal and
exceeding the number reported for any month on
our records until the phenomenal mortality of
March of this current year of 14,300 occurred. Fol
lowing this excessive mortality of last month we
have 13.700 deaths reported this month, which is
within 800 deaths of April. jtDi, and within «00 of
that of the month preceding , so that it stands th">
third highest on the record of monthly death ratea.
It Is further exceptional in that It is sequent to a
peries of months of excessive mortality. In the
four months of this year there have been 53,<i00
deaths in this State, against 44,600 for the same
montha In 1&03, and 42.300 In 1902. At this rate for
the year thero would toe l«O,000 deaths, against
134,005, or against our average yearly mortality of
recent past years of from 125.0<V) to 130.000.
As to the cause of death affecting this Increase,
there has been a moderate Increase in the num
ber of deaths from the seven common epidemic
diseases prevalent In this locality, although in the
three years they caused alike between 8 and 9 per
cent of the deaths. Cerebro-spmal meningitis, a
minor causf.- of death, is at the present time show
ing an unusual mortality. Tho chief Increase In
mortality Is In diseases of the respiratory system.
and especially from pneumonia, from which there
were 2.M more deaths than in the four month* of
the two preceding years. The Increase has he . <\
general throughout the State. Smallpox has In
creased In distribution during the month, or rather
new places long Infected have come to light. At
Cato and other towns in Caruga County there is
evidence that it has existed as a recognized epi
demic, but under a fanciful name, since December
having teen imported from Medina, where it was
then prevalent, and, besides spreading- throughout
th<? northern part of the county and to adjacent
towns In Wayne, has been traced from. Cato to
Jordan. On^r. Ing.i County, and to Corning by a
common tobacco Industry, also to Auburn krd
Alleged Burglar, Caught After
Chase, Uses Suspenders.
An hour after he had been locked up In the
East Twenty-second-st. station on the charge of
attempting burglary In a boarding- house at No.
121 East Twenty-third-st., Samuel Cooper, a
barber, who refused to give his addrefl3, tried
to strangle himself In his cell with his sus
penders and a piece of heavy cord. He was un
conßclouß when the doorman found him, and Is
now In Bellevue Hospital in a serious condition.
Mrs. Mary Jane Hunter, who conducts the
boarding house said to have been entered by
Cooper, alleges that she met Coopej: In her
house with a steamer trunk on his shoulders.
When she demanCed an explanation, he said a
man named Cook had cent htm there to get
the trunk. Mrs. Hunter ran to the street door,
intending to call a policeman. Divining her
purpose. Cooper brushed her by and ran. Mrs.
Cooper, bareheaded and dishevelled, pursued
him. At Lexington-ave. Cooper met Captain
Gallagher. The captain drew his revolver and
ordered the fugitive to stop, but Cooper kept
running-. At Lexington-ave. and Gramercy Park
the captain and Policeman Leonard caught him.
Mrs. Hunter said that Cooper had ransacked
all of the rooms on the top floors of her house,
and put jewelry and other small articles, valued
at several hundred dollars. Into the trunk he
was carrying 1 off.
Bronx Determined to Thwart In
tention of "Little Tim."
The friends and followers of "Little Tim" Sulli
van In the Board of Aldermen have arranged to
"put to sleep" the application of the New- York and
l'ort Chester Railway for a franchise to cross
streets and avenues In The Bronx. The taxpayers
of Tho Bronx are equally determined that tho
Port Chester project shall not bo chloroformed.
William Peters, president of the Van Nest Prop
erty Owners' Association, yeaterday sent to Alder
man John J. Haggerty, chairman of the Railroad
Committee, a letter in which he said:
We understand that on May 23 19M, at the hear
ing in the matter of the New-York and Port Ches
ter Kallroad, yon announced that a recess would
be taken by your committee.* We do not know
whether tins recess means that it will be a recess
of executive session, or whether your Intention \s
t>> hear more of tho representatives of the laboring
men, taxpayers, property owners and the public
who will again appear In favor of the Immediate
favorable a tion on the New-York and I'ort Chester
ordinance, if requested.
We call your attention to the fact that the
time of tho summer vacation "f the Board of Al
dermen Is approaching, and that the unantmoua
demands of the laboring men. taxpayers and prop
erty owners should not be ignored and their wel
fare and Interests injured bj In :r.\y manner al
lowing U-is matter to £'> over until after vacation.
If it Is the Intention to hold another hearing, we
respectfully caJl your attention to th« fact th.it
a recess means a short Interval, and not an In
deiinite postponement. If there is to be another
healing, we ask. upon behalf of the Van Nest
Property Owners/ Association laboring men and
taxp tyera of The Bronx lhat the hearing be (<et for
next week, and that we be notHM thereof a t
We call ymr attention to tho fact that tho Jour
neytn in Stonecutters of America at ;i recent meet-
l Q g ndorsed the ictlon of th< Central Federated
I'mon In demanding the Immediate favorable ac
tion by your board and thi- railroad commit) 'ti
the Port Chester ordinance, and In demanding th«
inim. Hate rejection of the defunct Westchester
and Boston ordlnam •■
Mr. Peters sent a letter to James P. Holland,
business manager of the Eccentric Fireman's
Union, concerning the apparent Intention of the
aldermen to let the Port Chester matter sleep.
tie says In part to Mr. Holland:
The Journeymen Stonecutters' Association fol
lowing the example of the Central Federated t'nlon
in th<lr resolutions, d«mand the immediate rejec
tion of the application of the defunct and hold-up
West Chester and Bostda Railroad, find they also
demand the immediate passage of the ordinance of
the Mew-York and Port Chester Railroad. It Is
apparent that the laboring Interests of tl» city of
New-York ■■■■■ now commencing to rfsliwe the man
ner ::i which their rights and tnterrMi- are being
played with by their supposed representatives—
thai i.-. what the men whom th,- laboring men
elected to office are doing. We trust th..' you will
continue vigorously to -ire" this New-York and
Port Chester ordinance by demanding its passage,
and that you will be equal! an vigorous In ■(•■
manding l ' lP rejection of the application of the
defunct \\'< -' Chester and Boston Railroad. The
only effect of any recognition of the- latter applica
tion by tho Board ■■! Estimate or the city oi New-
York. or the Board of Alderman or the Mayor will
be to hold up the Port Cheater Railroad for a
while loiipt-r. and thereby prevent the employment
of thousands 'if workmen in the Borough of The
Bronx, a.» well us prevent the Investment of h-.in
dn 'Is of thousands of dollars of capital.
Counsel Declares He Must Be Re
sentenced, but Cannot lie Legally.
A wrli of habeas corpus was granted yesterday
' .! istlce Keogh, .-it White I'laln--, directing War
den Johnson, of HinK S:n^, t^> produce "A!" Ad ■■■ s
him < ■!'. June 18, at whi< h tlmo Justice
Keogh will decide as to the legality of Adams's Im
prisonment. The writ wu^ obtained by Abram ti.
Rose, of K< Hogg A Rose.
Adams was arrested and convicted In April, 19flci,
fur having policy H« whs sentenced to pay
h. fine of $1,000. and to Sing King on on Indetermi
nate sentence of not less than one year, nor more
th;iM one year and nine months.
The law requires, his counsel cays. that thos«
sentenced on indeterminate sentences shall bo dln
charged only between the months of April and
October. Adams's sentence, reduced by good be
havior, will expire in October.
The Court overlooked the fact that about twenty
days before Adams was sentenced the law was
Changed, so that Indeterminate sentences should l>o
without commutation," said the lawyer.
"Now- the question is, When does his sentence ex
pire? The, warden at Sliik Hlng cannot, under tho
law, discharge Adi'inn In January, an the law for
bid.- It. and hIH neiitence expires then. Several
similar cases have come up since the commutation
was taken from the indeterminate sentences, anil
the State has adjusted matters by bringing the
convicted man back to the trl.-W court and resen
tencliiK him. Ah Adams haH already Buffered on*
legal penalty for tho offence In 'paying the, line of
$1,000, it is our contention that Jio cannot bo mad.
to pay another, and resentencel. That being so
he is wrongfully deprived of his liberty, and Justice
Keogh can do nothing but discharge him."
The writ was served on Wardtn Johnson at Sing
Thousands Anxious to Greet It at Places in
This State.
Buffalo, Jur.'> 4.— The Liberty Bell, on the way to
St. Louis, arrived her.- this afternoon nearly an
hour late, the special train having been unable to
make schedule time, owing t;; the clamors of the
people, at every stopping place for an opportunity
to touch either the historic relic Itself or the flat
c;tr on which it is transported, and to obtain ono
of the souvenir buttons which the officials are dis
tributing. Several thousand people waited in the
hit sun .'it the statin here for the arrival of tho
bell, ;md welcomed It with loud r-heers. which were
renewed when the train started at 2 o'clock for
thi West.
Rochester. June 4.— The Liberty Bell passed
through Rochester at 10:20 o'clock this morning on
Its way to St. Louis. The New-York Central sta
tion was crowded with enthusiastic men and wom
en, who cheered the old bf-11 as long as It remained
In view. Between four thousand and five thousand
person" were In the station.
Elmlra, Juno 4.— Fifteen thousand peoplo caw the
Liberty Bell hero this morning on Its first stop on
the way to the S Loulb Fair. The party of Phlla
dHphians, headed by Mayor Weaver, distributed
Although A. M. Fragner, the lawyer, Is serving
a sentence In Sing Blng, bo la at the same time
carrying out certain contracts with the city, -which
are In his name. They are for laying sewers In
Brooklyn. Superintendent of Eewera O'Kcefe soys
that the conviction of Fragner in no way Invali
dated tho contra;..', and that they will have to
stand. A message was sent to Sing Sing the other
day to ask him wny he had not begun work on
three of the contructs. He assured the messenger
that the work would bo properly done. It Is un
derstood that Fragner was simply a dummy In the
bidding, ajid made his bids ror an Italian con
tracting firm. He never had a contracting plant,
but is said to have received a commission of two
pur cent for doing the bidding-
I>O YOU 1)I>"K 'JUT?
ftereral nt'ntaunuits that offer tempting dinners are
to-. in/ adTcrtUed among- th» "IJtfl* Ada. *f th*
Homer's Furniture
CONTRIBUTING to summer comfort
and restfulness in quits a liberal de
gree are our spacious Settees, Sofas,
Arm Chairs and Rockers in Flemish, Mis
sion, English Quartered Oak, Weathered
Oak and Forest Green.
Prodigality of choice is also here in Bedroom
Suites of White Enamelled finish (plain and dec
orated, also with cane combination). Bird's-eye
Maple, Birch, Oak and Mahogany Brass Bed
steads in over 100 patterns White Enamelled
Iron Bedsteads with brass trimmings.
Furniture Nlxken and Importers,
61, 63, 65 West 23d Street.
Set That Cost $19,000 Won't be Used—
$25,000 One Will Be.
It was learned yesterday that the change of
architects for the new Manhattan Bridge has al
ready cost the city fia.OOO, and may run up $7.r<00
more. Originally Henry F. Hornbostle was em
ployed by Commissioner Lindenthal. His contract
called for J26.600. He has already received $19,000
and has a claim pending in the Controller's otfico
for the balance.
All that has been used of his plans was for the
piers -which ara completed. The rest of the plans
have not been officially discarded, but. as Carrere
& Hastings, who superseded Mr. Hornbostle, have
a contract for $25,miu, It is not at all likely that
they will utilize the work of their uredei-esßor.
This means that the city has paid twloe, practi
cally, for plans, one set which it will have no use
for and the set which Carrero & Hastings have
about completed and which Commissioner Best said
yesterday ho would submit to the Municipal Art
Commission in a week or ten days.
Albany. June I— Certificates of Incorporation w«r«
filed to-day with the Secretary >f State of the fol
lowing companies:
The Anicrit-an Aerial Amusement Company, of
New-York City; capital. $.'.'W.uoo; directors. \\ . \\ .
Doty, of Brooklyn; J. C. GrauUce ar.d C. C. Grat
tan. of New-York City.
Holcomb-Newromb Steel Company, of New-York
cn\ , capital. $260,000; directors. <J. A. Holcombi, of
Caxenovfa; O. G. Kabbe and G. A. Bpeera. of
A Moses & Sons, of N mi-- York City; capital,
SloO.000; directors. Aaron M'-ftes. L>. O. Moses and
A. M. Moses of New- York City.
The Erie Railroad has announced a prize of $100
/or the best name suggested for its "World's Fair
pperial. An especially distinctive name is desired.
because, as tho company explains, the extraordi
nary character of the train merits It. Running Its
World's Fair special in conjunction with the His
Four, the Brie will enjoy the advantage of short
mileage between New-York and St. I>ouls. The
train will leave this city In the morning, giving
the passengers a day view of the scenery along the
Delaware, through Urn Genesee Valley and the
mountains of Pennsylvania.
As an example of now the names of trains become
fixed. General Passenger AK<-nt Cooks of the Eri.i
said yesterday that th» Monitor train on th« Sus
quehanna division of the Erie got that name early
In the war. In 1863. This train was called No. 6
for a time after It was put on. Them some one
living alone the lino fancied a rae»mblance he
tween the rounded end of th» locomotive and Erlcs
son's monitor, which had lately come Into prom
inence as a powerful war engine, and he dubbed
th« train "The Monitor." Th- name was at once
adopted by those who frequently used it, and to
day, after forty years, it is known as the Monitor.
Ti, lulpment for the World's Pal special about
tn be put In service will be unique. The whole train
h.is been built for this use expressly. In the
Worlds Fair at Chicago the Erie carried many
lieis« mm to the Wind) City, and made tt:»: record
<if having not one passenger Injured.
It Is now understood that the organisation of the
Lake Superior Corporation, the successor of the
Consolidated Lake Superior Company, will be com
pleted nt a meeting to be held on Tuesday, and
that the company will thereupon begin active bu?t
ne*!». It la expected that the company's steel rail
mill will be In operation by July 15 or August 1.
i: 6 Layman, assistant cashier "f the Illinois
: ] Bavinga Bank of Chicago, who it w:i^
r*'.-. ml announced was to •: ter the service of tho
National <ity Hank, of New-York, In its foi'-'.tn
exchange department, h.^s withdrawn his a
anre ■■:' the City Bank's offer. The r>-us'.n I
lot be learned yesterday.
The I.< high Valley Railroad has received Its con
slgnment of new Pullman cars, ordered specially
fur the through service to the St. Louis Exposi
tion, and they are now running daily on tho Black
Diamond Express. They unite all the latest Im
provements of the Pullman Company, and are
mo<l"ls of simplicity, elegance, comfort and
strength, Their interiors arc solid mahogany, fin
ished In oil. The seats are upholstered In tlßured
rich olive green, with velvet carpets of a color In
harmony. The oars are lighted with electricity, and
each berth ban two electric bulbs, so that ltn oc
cupant by the touch of a button controls light for
reading or other purposes. The toilet and .smoking
rooms have disappearing stands, which, when not
In use, can be folded up, thus adding to the space.
There arc no filigree or tapestry ornaments, to
serve as catchers of dust ana germs, and the ven
tilation is after the latest Improved system. Tha
routi' of this new* through service Is on the Lettish
Valley, the Lak] Shore and the Illjf Four routes.
On tiif Invitation of James Stlllman. president of
th« National City Hank and president of the NeW-
York Clearing House Association, the n<-xt annual
convention of tho American Bankers' Association
will bo held in New- York City on September 14. !">
and 16. The announcement comt-a from l l *. Q. Btge
low, president of the association, whose home Is
In Milwaukee. Th<> following committee on ar
rangemi nts has been appointed: Btephen M. tlris
wold, chairman, president <>f t!u> Union ltnnk of
Brooklyn; Q. B, Whltson, vice-president of th-^
National City Hank; Walter B. Frew, vice-presi
dent of tii.- Corn Exchange Bank; J. M. Donald,
Vice-president of the Hanover National Bank, S.
G. Nelson, vice-president of the Seaboard National
Bank: Albert H. Wlggln, vice-president of th»
Chase National Bank; (Jat^s W, MclJarrah. presi
dent of tho Mechanics" National Hank; Henry P.
Davtson, vice-president of tho First National Bank;
William H. Porter, president of the Chemical Na
tional Bank; Gilbert C. Thome, vice-president of
the National Park Bank: William H. Perkins, pres
ident of the Bank of Amerlcn: Edward H. Town
send, president of thf> Importers and Traders' Na
tional Bank; Saniu.-l Woolverton, president of tho
Oallatin National Hank; W. C. Duvall. cushler »>f
tho National Bank of Commerce; A. s. Frtesell,
president of the Fifth Avenue Bank; Btephen
Baker, president of the Hank of the Manhattan
Company; Herbert L. OrisKs, president of tho
Hunk <<f New-York. N. H. A ; Jamea r. Cannon,
vlce-prori lent of the Fourth National Brink.
The first meeting of this nommlttee will be held
on Juni! h.
Kail River, Mass.. June 4.— Brokers report a week
of fairly good business In th« local print cloth
market. Tho sales exceeded 100 000 piece*, and that
total la considered good, oonaiderlng cond.!tlon3 I'.rwl
the fact that there was a day out. The market
was Irregular, but at that It was easier than In
the week previous. The feature of the business
was the condition of the market for regulars. The
sales of them were sn-.all. and thero was a drop of
% cent in the price. Small lots were sold at the
opening at 3% cents, but on Thursday »i cents
■was the best mat cculd ho secured. This was fol
lowed by a. decline of »8» 8 cent in the market for 23
inch C-ixCOs. while the 27-lnch 56 squares advanced
',fc cent from last week.
The decline in regulars was expected, as the £«n
eral market had been selling on that baals for near
ly a fortnight. The tales reduced the stock, for
about two-thirds of rhe mills wore shut down tin
entire week, and most of those in operation ran no
moro than half the week. Some of the unjteadi
nt-ss in the market was due to tho agitation for a
cut ix» vra-res. A number of tho mill men started
a paper with that end In vl»w, but they could not
»ocuxu a sufficient number of &$ -stures to wax-
Foreign Resorts.
© -3 Hi^- %± ° J J Heart Diseases. -= j
e£lsialii^i!llPiiH 5 M Gout- I
Bfci3 isWr f T flr iK— fcfc"^tlHssCßTsi Ji^^M?BMHMWT g ir-''^^ w ™ j^ — C
For convalescents we recommend the small jjj _10 DiseaSCS Of Women. 7i i= -=
and quiet OKOSSH, BAD AI'SEX, near *, = C F I "° == "3
Nldda, station on th« rrledbere-Nldda R. K. £>i oCTOiUIa. v "•
Forest w.IK-. .«« bath,, .prlng* excellent air. | NeFVOUS DiSeaSeS. P 5
Circulars frr«« on replication ti> Oenrral Dlreotiw. "~
B£± *• 1• n | The ° St Fashionable HOTEL
13 WrilOe I of the Metropolis.
ISEL, The Continental.
Hotel d'Angleterre
The Leading Hotel of the Metropolis
European Advertisements.
For the convenience of Tribune readers
abroad arrangements have been made to
keep th; Daily Tribune on file in the read
ing rooms of the hotels named below:
SN SILKS for /sty
1904. /^fcy\s>
4 jg Aw
i yQ&y
Their shop has been th- resort of the fashionable
world far a hundred years A special catalogue
"Americana In Rn-!an<l" M-Tit free
Foreign Resorts.
The rooms are bright, fresh and airy,
and delightfully qul-t. Bathroom to every Suite.
Th«. most famous Restaurant In Europe. The
Orchestra plays during; Pinner and
the Or>«ra Supper.
% fMf / The Centre of Fashionable London
" The Las'. Word" of Modem
Hold Luxury. Charming suites •with private
entrance, bathroom, etc.! Ober 300 rooms.
Nearly 100 bathrooms.
A magnificent Royal Suite.
■» Hotel, Restaurant,
and Grill Room,
Grand Motel
Kntlrely n?w ron«trm-trd flMt-claiw Ilotrl: all the lat
e«t mrnlrrn Improve-iit-nt-.; luxuriously furnUhnl; nitMt
.i.l. .»nt:. scou*)y nltuiktctl; open April 13th. 1904. A prl
vute buth-drrtwiua: room la attached to every ituite ua.i
every bedroom: »er»l<o de lu»e.
A. < HAUIt VZ, Mima-fin* Director.
I3ARIS (Favorite American House.)
' Hotel Chatham,
W. Rasa*. Iloiiorr. close to I'Uce Yeuiomp. Fiist alßaSb All
niiklfrn lm*>roTruieuts. Every home comfort. I «'."• hill.
llf>!.iur»nt. lumtiroiis ami dtnii(v» at fur.! price or • 1 . carte.
*>'■>■•:..-: LII.LALUIUN, Pakis llrnrl Ab».lle. I'roprtetor.
PARIS. Hotel de l Athene^
The Modern Hotel of Paris.
.... _ . . Paris, 28, Cour dc la Rcirtc.
HillP Hi! Pa 31Q Heated throughout, rooms
nUIG! UU raiaio lrom 4 its.; with board 10 lrs .
Aix-Les- Bains.
Louvre & Savoy Hotel ) Manager.
XClSMtria l^i«h.t. l<"aoin.K Casino Park.
nRjjQQH^ LE GfiiHfl HOTEL,
U IHUUO LLU Grill Room. American Bar
*.i i«) ski pi-:i: in..
\< i:i)i:i;im; TO i.ocatho hf ltt)OM>.
U (.. I KKfK. Troprirtor.
rant .my st<-p In that direction. When they falleu
it \v;ia thought that the i«ipor was In the wrong
'..:•.::■:-. and another comnvittt»>. waa tried, but thai
result was the same. It la evlcrni that th* mill
men as a body do not re«aid a. cut In the pay of
o-jomtlves as the proper remedy for the troublvs
they have endured for many months. They place
their only hope in the cuitallmt-nt i>roe*ss. and
that will be continued Indefinitely.
Tho price* are as follows: ■> Inch »vi scuarea. 3Vi
coats; 2i-l.iGh tvtx&'M. 3'» cents; 06 »4Ujtr«i, i cms;
38^-lnoh f.4 squares, 4»iitl"i% cents; 3»-tnoh 68x72'a,
4Ti5Jt» cents.
Foreign Resorts.
tnirciy reconstructed with c?cry pos
sioic luxur>. Large Palm Court," Daily
Concerts. Suites with biths. Umni
buses at Pier anj Station.
Manager J. Aimino.
" NueHens Hotel
BAOEN-BAOEN Adjoining The
Strictly Ist Cluiw. Patron* — American Society.
PftAfSXFURT m I Opposite Statloa
Proprietors : FAH RIG & WOLF.
Hotel Metropole.
rrout p;, n nipB p ; rk - VERY FIRST CLASS.
Newest & Most / fc/| • |_
Elegant in (Munich.
— ———^———^— — — — i »
f of Nur-^dbtm,
fi^ nb ii I l ili uln b l n- n v r
w w Hotel Wiihelma
Entirely rebuilt. Lift. Electrio Light.
Located on the Fashionable Karntherrtaf,
and the favorite report of Americans. P«f"
feet Freacb Cuisine and choice wines.
fiMt-CIdSS Hotel wita Panoramic Vl-jw over the
Danube, Every modern comfort. Exclusive Ameri
can 4 English patroMge. CHARLES J. BIRGIR.
Manager, former!* of Imperial NotaU Menu*
Finest Petition on t*o <.j«e. fmclmj Mont
Blanc. iijjiu'lfiif Tcrffos, Commie '■»
Summer. Public mnd privmia batfta. Liom.
EJastric light all over. Slam.-n hmmtlna.
Every modern comfort. Mxnasod by Pry
prletor*. MAT ft * HJttl.
I. AXES. J. OCSCH-MOLLUL fntxUto* * M»«M«.
Oy^rad §3©tc!
*" THE MODZitX HOTELS or causa*.**-*
rWT^ir'U f OPEN THE \
The Baurau Lac.
Avanzi Hotel Metropole & Ville
American and English Family Hotel.
Alwayi open. Full South near station.
Thoroughly modern & moderate rates
76 Via S' Nicola Tolentino.

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