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VOlV 01 - LXIV X° 2L032. CAPTAIN VAX SCHAICK. SEARCHING FOR BODIES IX THE WRECK OF THE SLOCUM HORROR IN EAST \l\X\iß Possibly Seven Hundred Lives Lost by Burning of the General Slocum. SUNDAY SCHOOL IX WILD PANIC. The greatest steamboat disaster ever known in this city was the burning of the General Slocum near North Brother Island yesterday morning. Of more than one thousand persons, whom the steamboat was carrying on a Sunday school excursion of the St. Mark's Lutheran Church, of Slxth-st., Manhattan, to Locust Grove, Long Island, only a few hundred were saved. It was estimated, unofficially, last night that more than seven hundred perished, either by burnint or drowning. They were mostly women and children. Flames on the boat started in a room on the forward part of the freight deck about jotBL, when the General Slocum was passing the Sunken Meadows, and spread with great rapidity, engulfing the main deck and the hurricane deck. Captain Van Schaick ran the boat two miles to the north shore of North Brother Island, where he made an attempt to beach her. Mary of the people of the steamboat went overboard on the run to North Brother Island. Hundreds of women and children on the upper decks became insane with terror, having to choose between death by the rapidly advancing flames and almost equally certain death by jumping overboard. In the rush toward the stern of the boat the frantic people forced others against the railings and stanchions cf the decks with such violence as to break them down, crowding many overboard. Before the shore of North Brother Island was reached hundreds had dropped from the decks, and when the boat grounded nearly fifty feet frcm land hundreds moie threw them selves off the decks. The rest of the people were burned to death on the steamboat. Heroic work of rescue was performed by nurses and helpers on North Brother Island sad by persons in half a dozen boats that got near the steamer while she was blazing at the shore, and about three hundred people were saved and sent to hospitals. Before the General Slocum burned to the water's edge she drifted away from the North Brother Island shore and sank opposite Hunt's Point. Before her decks were covered with water many burned corpses were in view. Bodies were being recovered from the water near North Brother Island rapidly all the afternoon. At 6 p. m. more than three hundred bodies had been carried out of the water and stretched on the lawns. After being tagged for identification by the coroners, one hun dred and thirty of the bodies were sent to the Morgue at Twenty-sixth-st. Some bodies •ere carried from the wreck of the steamboat to Riker's Island, and thirty-seven bodies which bad been taken to Manhattan earlier were at the police station in Alexander-aye. at One-hundred-and-thiity-eighTh-s'. At i o'clock this morning there were four hundred and seventy-six bodies at North Brother Island and two hundred and sixty-three at the city Morgue, making a total of •even hundred and thirty-nine. WHOLESALE DESTRUCTION Or HUMAN LIFE. The exrlft and terrible destruction of human Me In the burning of the General Slocum yes ***4*T morning created Intense excitement in it* city and led to widespread expressions of horror and sympathy. Many found In the fact ■'-■ nearly aJI of the victims of the disaster •**• women and children additional cause for kttov.-. It may be days before the exact number of the victims la known. The estimates of the number °* th» dead kept Increasing yesterday an the Dumber of bodies recovered from the water in cased. Last night It was estimated unofficially taat more than 700 had perished by burning or tnaulug, and that about 500 were mJs"in|f and '•'-J'-refJ. At midnight Coroner O'Gorman gave out a •"•■"• tot. In which he said that there were 483 l-nofi-nl -nofi-n dead In the Blocum disaster. He said *•* 421 bodies w,ere taken to North Brother *«lao<J. 26 to Riker's Island and 37 to the Al^x an<!«-r-avf.an<!«-r-avf. station. He said, also, that more *•«•• had been sighted and would \>". brought *■ through the night. A t n,i<ii.igi,t Police Inspector Brooks said he thought the death list would rearh nearly one thousand. 0* rTison .'or ihr- fr.v.nl of the riisaeter was '•be panic which pr"vnt<-r! the use of the steam •*• lifeboats or any considerable use of iha I jto-z^: igg^sraA-a^ z^^,. 3if> preservers on the boat. Hundreds of women and children, panic stricken by the rapid spread of the flames while the steamboat was running two miles for a landing plar^, crowded other hundreds overboard before life preservers OOUld be adjusted. MORE THAN' A THOUSAND ABOARD. When the steamboat General Slocum left her pier, at Thlrd-st. and the East River, yesterday morning, to carry an excursion crowd of the Sunday school of St. Mark's Lutheran Church of No. 32^ Slxth-st., near First-aye.. to Locust Grove. Long Island. 98*2 tickets to the excursion were taken up. As more than one child had been admitted on a single ticket, however. In many case?, there were known to be more than 1.000 members of the excursion aboard. There were In addition twenty-three members of the crew, about a dozen waiters and some musicians. Captain William H. Van Rchalck. an experi enced and oldtime excursion boat commander, was in command of the General Slocum. The steamboat stopped at Twenty-third-st. at !t a. m. long enough to take aboard a few more passengers. Moist of the women and children on the boat were on the main deck and hurricane dock, enjoying themselves under the kindly eye Of their pastor, tfce Rev. George 05 F. Haas. NEW-YORK. THURSDAY. JUNE 16. 1904. -SIXTEEN P Mfflßj-i. n WTr'ff'-r- THE RI'RXIXG OF THE EXCURSION BOAT GENERAL S LOCUM. BODIES ALONG THE BEACH AT NORTH BROTHER ISLAND. wh< n ■ ■ overtook Uwn. From th* sto rlea of BurvH'ora the flrst sign of flre seems to h.-tve been noticed as the vessel was passing the Sunken Meadows, off One-hundr»d-and t wenty aacond-at. THEORIES AS TO oniG.X. Accounts differ as to Just where the flre "tart"'!, some declaring It had its origin In the forces. on the main deck, while others, the latter being In ih n majority, say It started In the boiler room almost amidships. The origin of the :.:■ ■ also a matter of uncertainty, it v;,<; n.i ; . several men who were passengers on the beet that ■ careless bootblack left some oily :ags near a vessel filled with benzine or oil. whether In the forecastle or boiler room the) could not say, a . l that spontaneous com bustion started the blaze that had men disas trous results. Still another version was that ■ pan of grease boiled over in ■ kitchen of ■ lunchroom on the forward pan of the freight deck and started the blase. The flames spread with great rapidity. Some of ihe .-ren- s;u<l after th** disaster thai they tried tn gel water on the (lames, ;< n-l found th.it the pumps would not work. Some of the sur vivors saj thai the crew became demoralised from the start, and did little except save them selves. The panic spread as fasi as the flames. Captain Van Schaick was In the pilol house with Edward L. Van Wart, the pilot. He saj i that its soon as he was apprised of the fa< : that the boat was on fire be gave the signal to the crew to report, to quarters and Bghl the flames. The captain at first though) he mighl beach his vessel on the Sunk.!. Meadows, where the 111-fated Seawanhaka was destroyed by tlr.' In 1880. He found, however, he says, thai the wind was blowing In a direction that would cause the fire to spread more r, U irkly If he at tempted to reach the Meadows. He therefore signalled the engineer to put on all steam, while he headed the burning boat for .\orth Brother Island, the nearest available place for running her ashore. The speed of the boal fanned the name?, send ing them roaring along the lower deck, t'lou.lft of smoke almost shut the upper .le, ks from view. Hundreds of women and children on those decks began to rush toward the stern* of the boat They became insane with terror as the panic increased. The crush force.! many helpless peo ple against the railings r,f the decks with such force that the stanchions were broken and tl>* railings were swept away. SWEPT INTO THF: WATER. Then from the decks hundreds of women and Children were swept into the water, some falling on one another and sinking together to drown before any help could reach them. Captain Van Bchaick was keeping the whistle of the general rflocum going to attract the attention of other boats, and several boats within sight started toward her at full speed. In the race some of the boats picked up people In fhe water. In the race for the burning steamer people on the tugboat Easy Times saw two other boats decline assistance. Captain Churchill says he saw the ferryboat Bronx stop on her run to North Beach long enough to allow the General Slocum to pass her bow. and then continue on her trip without attempting to save any of the people wbo were falling overboard from the steamboat. The ferryboat people, however, deny this. A private yacht, the name of which was not discerned, drew out of the waj of tba THE SLOCUM AND OTHER DISASTERS Loss of Life by General Slocum Disaster. About 700: Injured and Missing, About 300. Explosion en Staten Island ferryboat WpstCeld on July 30, 1871; fifty persons killed and hun dreds injured. The Atlantic, of the White Snr line, wrecked near Halifax on April i, 1873; five hundrod and sixty people lost. The Ville de Havre, a French mail steam?r, sunk on November 22, 1873, by tho Lnchearn; three hundred and thirteen persons 1 The excursion steamer Princtsa Alire, returning from Gravesend to London en September 3, 1898, was run down off Barking by the By-well Castle; about six hundied persons lost. Burning of steamboat. Seawaahaki on June 28, 1880; one hundred and seventy-five peijorts drowned and burned. Sinking of the ste.ime Elbe on January 30, 1895; three hundred ar.d thirty persons lost ■ La Bourgogne sunk on July 2, 180^; fi v e hun dred and seventy-one lost. Burning of tke Saalc, the Brerr^n aa Main, of the North German Lloyd line, on June 30, 1900; more thin one hundred live Iroquois Thcaire fire, December 30, 1903; five hundred and eighty-seven lues lost. burning steamboat and lowered n laui h Two men j^t into t ' from tl rachl stead of making for Ihe General Slocum, how ever, Ihe la hi cli carried t hi to the Bronx sh.pif. while the yachl continued on her way to the Sound. Mosl of t!i.> boats v, hi. I ■ .\ ork or rescue could not gel near the (Sen ral Slocum until she ran aground off tl )i — •■ of North Brother Island. Among the b ats thai hurried to th- succor "f the stricken passengers were several tur:? ■ ' the New-York Central U-ii' road Company, the Health Departmeni tug Franklin Edson, and the Charities Department boat Massasolt. These and several rowboats manned by willing hands approached as near the biasing steamboat as was possible and res<ue»l scores of people. Mosl of these were picked out of th-^ water .-•.fter they had dropped over the side of the General Slocum. The Franklin Bdaon went up so Hose to the burning steamer that her own paint was scorched. The crew of the. tux. however, stuck bravely to their tn?k. ano" snatched many women and children from a terrible death. DECK CAVES IN. A strong flood tM« was riiiininir when th* General Slocum went aground OSI some rocks nearly one hundred fed from the shore of North Brother Island. As sho struck the rocks her hurricane deck, on which niiiny of the panic stricken women and children were clltici-isr, sud denly caved ir. precipitating Its human freight either into the blazing hold or into the water. The water around the flaming vessel was thick with drowning people, and. notwithstanding the almost superhuman efforts made by the res cuers, a large number of the perishing people had to be left to Ihelr fate. Many of those who jumped into the water or were precipitated over the side of the vessel when the hurricane deck collapsed were on flre from head t.« foot, and they escaped one form of death only to meet another more merciful. A man who is serving a two months' term on Blackwell's Island for some petty ofT-nee, and who was detailed as a "trust j" on tha Charities Department boat Massaaoit. proved that he haJ good stuff in him when the emer gency arose. He was George Dennis, and when he saw people struggling In the water aroand THE SLOCUM AS SHE STARTED OS HER TRIP.' the burning boat he Jumped overboard aid saved a woman's Ufe. The with hu clothing soaking wet. he returned to h;3 work on th~ Stassasott Hla bravery will be called to the attention of the proper authorities, and it is probable thai be win be restored to Unity as a reward. A WOMAN'S RESCUE WORK. Mary McCann. a buxom young Irish gir'. seventeen years old. vho has not been lons i:» this country, and who la working as a ward helper on North Brother Island, also distin guished herself in the work of rescue. With more thru- a score of nurats she ran to the water's edge, near the stranded vessel, and plunsli ■■ ■■ swam to t'ne stern •( the boat and brought t'> shore n woman whom she found clini;ii!< to the rudder. She •vanned three or four times, mm* time rescuing aome ■on, Remarkable was the heroism of Mrs. Allen, a workwoman employe.! on North Brother [stand, w h--> leaped from the !'!•■»• an>i rescue.! two women who were straggling in the water. .\n other woman rescaer « is Paulina Puetz. a waJtrera employed ea North Brother Island, At the risk of her life she saved five children from drowning. Mips Pueta mads .m enrftabte record at Asbury Park is a life saver. Miss Lulu MeGtbbon, a telephone operator on the island, after telephoning the Ponce Depart ment for assistance, ran to the beach and help--.l in the wort! of rescue and iswiilliitlmi Among the?-- she •!:aK?T" | i from th« water alive were two Infants three and :-i.\ months old, respec tively. . i Twenty-four nurses >>n duty in the hospitals on the Island >Hi credttabls work, under the leadership of Mrs. K. U White, the matron. These women waded into the river up to their necks, and each one of them saved from four to six live Then, with thetr clothins: dripping wet, and In spite Ol a i ''.illy \vin«l that was sweeping across the land, they went to work to resuscitate the half-drowned passengers or to assist the doctors In attending to the wounded. rite Sreboat Sophar Mills. responding to a call, Stopped long enough at the One-hundred and-thirty-eiKhth-st. dock to take aboard a squad of police and an engine company, and she reached the burning steamboat soon after las General si«. urn was aground. Most of th.- police men and Bremen promptly Jumped overboard and began rescuing people from the water. Sev eral bodies they took oat were lifeless. LEAVE PATIENTS FUR THE RESCUE. Physii lans, nurses and helpers had run from the pavilion! on the Island, deserting for the time the patients suiTering from contagious dis eases, to join in the work of rescue. Several of the women nurses helped save lives by running ladders down into the water from ■ stone pier. Many acts of bravery and self-sacrifice were recorded. One girl, scarcely more than a child, reamed a baby. The heroine was Louise bailing, twelve years old, of Xutley, .N. J. She had gone on the excursion with Mrs. OcrtrodJa Brkttngti and i" the excitement following the discovery had become separated from Mrs. Krk ling and left with the latter's two-year-old baby in her arms on the hurricane deck. The little girl did not lose her presence of mind, notwith standing the tearful scenes that were being en acted before her. S"he managed to get posses sion of a life-preserver, which, unaided, she ad- Justed about her body; then, with the baby In her arms, she went to the extreme end of the I oul limed cv *n uii'l pig*. PRICE THREE CEInTS. THE REV. GEORGX </. F. Pa.«tor of St. Kara's LuUn THE CAPTAINS STORY. THEORY AS TO THE ORHiIX Cook Sana It Started in a Wwitt ( loset. Captain w. H. Van Scttalrk, who. haa asea In command of the Osuwal Slccum ever since ffes was bonched, m 1801, and .«i* other msmhen ol th- i r-'iv were take'] ro the Le'.Kinou BsapttsL ("apt.; Van Senates, and Ins ttrsi and sseond pOota. Edward Van Wart and F.. M. Weave.. were under arres*. Among the others taken lo the Lebanon Ho?pitnl were several deckhand ami the i ook, Henry •*ann»ld, ■ strapping Southern negro, who said he had been on the boat for several seasons. Captain Van Schalck was sufferin?r from a fractured !■ %. conrasSoas of the head and '• s'i'^'ht bsrn. Th«» fracture wns a result of h '.- Jump from the pilot house after the boat was beached. T ■ a Tribane reporter, who saw him fi->r a moiaeni be floss he was removed to a pri vate room, he said there a ••-■-> m passenger?, besides th-» crew of twenty-three men. He was pulled from the water by the heroic women on North Brother Island, he said. Before be" ,' taken to the hospital he made the following statemenr regarding th«» disaster at the Alex ander-aye. station, where he had been detained for the coroner. The S'.icuni left the foot of East Twoaty third-st. at '.>■.•> o'clock this morning. Ther<» bad been collected or board MB tickets. The boat passed slowly up the river, through Hell Gate and over toward Sunken Meadows, whsrs the twanhaka was burned in 18801 When close to the meadows an alarm of tire was given. At that time l was In the pilot house. l jumped down to the .l#ck and gave immediate orders for righting the fire. The <lro drill was sounde«l. and the crew of the boat, numbering: twenty three men. worked like nailers to get water OB that part of the boat which was burning. UNDER FORWARD Roll.Kß?. The fire was under the forward boilers on th* port side, as I made it out in the excitement. My men were exerting their efforts toward keep ing the passengers from .Jumping. The fire was gaining rvevj Instant, and the erlss of people suffering from burnhsg to death could be heanl above even other discordant sound. l got th<* boat under way direct for North Brother Island. which was the safest place to attempt to land. The boat was driven on under full speed, ar<t puir-.l up sideways to the shore of th« island. Many had Jumped prior to this. Many were Jumping every Instant. Mv pilots. Edward Vai Wart and Edward M. Weaver, were doing everything t.« get safely toward shore, arvl Engineer B. ¥ ConhMn stuck in the hold. Mnf« Edward Fl.miiiirui had charge of the Bre brigade', but when the ri; spread over all >\« had to -■ t off the boat. My bat was burning when i jumped, and l was pulled nut of the water and hauled up «>n ss l !or»» under .x ire" bs» fore I rfmei;:i-i- what had happened. Canfiehl. the cook, had ■ theory as to th-i erlgn f the flrt> J ' e lid '•' ■ Tribune re porte; : The first I knew alx>ut the fire was when the lK>at was opposite North Brofner Island. ( heard two bells sod s Jingle, and I knew that meant there was •'somelhln" ■loin," for that means back water pow'ful hard. 1 ran up ami saw there was a fire, and shouted, "Boys, come up'" I put on a life preserver and jumper! over board. 1 can swim, so when a lot of people cm hold "■ my preserver I unfastened it and helped them into a boat that came along. One woman —a handsome one she was said. "If you suvm my life you won't have to uk the remaindah Of yo' life." l.l like to helped her. but L couldn't. I don't know where she is. Whcr» did the tire start? I think it Started in tha porter's closet, wheah they keeps the waabl aid oil. That's a little room down below. I havn been in it. and I don't think it was lined with zin. as it ought to have been. The fire, it Ls said by V. illiam Trembly. & deckhand on the Slwum. undoubtedly was caused by the spontaneous combustion of oil andi ran* in the forward part of the .hold. \vbfr-» oil was stored. The first thing known of the «i » was when It burst out in great fury, aided by a GO TO SBVITI When Old Wine or Grape Juice are nee." H. T. Dewey & Sons CO., 138 Fulton-3t.. N. — ■ Advt.