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CHILD HI- HOES OF DISASTER.
WOTS r 4ND (-IIiLS IS THEIR TEENS GIVE LIFE PKE
SERVEItS To WOMEN AND BABIES.
i^mit lam in Rescue Work After Being Saved — Men Hold Surefhenrts
io Sides of Burning Boat — Cling to Paddlervheels.
Sl'-RIES OF SLRVIVOBS.
Men and Women Tell of Is*** of
Thrilling were the stories tola by survivors of
t!,e iiurnfd steamer General Florum last night.
Mis* Marie Kreuger. of No. 4M W~sl End-aye..
who »• as saved from drowning after Jumping,
told her ftory at the Harlem Hospital.
I heard the cry of fire while sitting on the
upper df-.k." she said. "Some of the deck hands
ran up and toid us to be quiet, as there was no
danp«*r. The women and children soon became
panic stricken, M the smoke and heat b^pan to
frighten them. I slid down a rope over the side
of the boat and held or. in the water. The flames
began to 'ioot out of the side of the boat and
rurl around the woodwork. It was an awful
fight to see the children peer over the edce of
the boat r.nd then draw back, r.ot knowing
whether to May or. the boat or Jump. it got
no hot that I had to let po at the rope. A boy
was la the water dope Is me, floating on a life
preserver. He tried to help me as I let loose of
the rope, bat I would have drowned if a tut had
not come along fast then, one of the tur hands
threw me a rope, and 1 was soon pulled aboard.
I caw my coueln end Eister, but they disap
LOST MOTHER ANT) BROTHER.
Lucy Hencken. fifteen year* old. of No. 169
Bouth Second-it.. Williameburg, lost her mother
and brother In the disaster.
'1 was sitting with my mother on the after
part of the boat," eald Miss Hencken. "My
brother was on one of the lower decks. As soon
as we caw the smoke and heard the cry of fire
my mother asked me to go below and try to
and my brother. When I got down the stairway
I found the crushed bodies of three little babes
■who had been trampled on in the terrible
scran.ble to get away from the flames. They
■were all living. I picked them up and carried
them upstairs to my mother. Then I went below
again In search of my brother. By this time
things were getting hot. and there were so many
people struggling to get around that It was Im
possible to hear or do anything. I caught sight
of my brother for an Instant, and started to get
hold of him, but Just then there was a surge of
people toward him. and he was soon shut off
from my sight. I got back to the upper deck
somehow, but when I tried to find mother and
the babies I had left with her they were gone.
"With my mother and brother gone. I didn't care
much what became of me. I saw everybody
Jumping overboard, and I Jumped, too. I didn't
struggle much !n the water. It was all so hor
rible that it dazed me. I went under the water
r>nce or twice, and I guess I was strangling when
a man on a tugboat caught me with tiff boat
John Ell, fourteen years old. lost his mother
■M two brothers. "When we left the pier the
deck was packed with folks." he said. "The
•■hildren were frolicking about and everybody
«ns having a bully time. When we got up
near Hell Gate we were told to go downstairs
fo we could get rome ice cream and soda. The
rUMroa were falling over each other to get to
the table*. With my mother and my little
brother I went close to the engine room to
vntrh the engine* work. I was standing there
with John Gray. Albert Green wall and Otto
Hans nnd a number of children.
PAYS CREW WAS PANIC STRICKEN.
' All at once there was a puff of fire and smoke
from down below, and I paw the engineer look
feared. He tried to find out what was the mat
ter. He didn't have to wait long to find out,
as the fire kept coming up from down below.
The first thing we knew our clothes were on
fire. We started to run, and found that fire was
coming out all around. By thin time my mother's
dress and my little brother's clothes were on
fire. I grabbed my brother by the wrist and
tried to get him and mother over to the side
of the boat. There was an awful panic. Every
body was getting burned end trying to get off
the boa; The flames kept coming In big waves
and pssgaa began to fall down on the deck and
choke with the smoke. The men running the
boat we ; c juet as scared as the rest of us. They
-an around giving orders, but no one did what
was told them, because the fire was hot. and we,
wanted to get off the boat We were pushed to
the side of the boat, and fell overboard with the
rest. John Gray and John Fishman Jumped and
Raved their lives by swimming until they were
picked up. I got parted from my brother and
mother in trie rush, and I don't know what be
came of them."
HEARD ORDER TO MAN HOSE.
Mias Kate Cringle, of No. 429 East Houston
■t., had a narrow escape from burning and
drowning. "The fire seemed to spring out of
the forepart of the boat, and the cry went
around that the bow of the boat had taken fire."
she said. "I could Bee the smoke coming up
from down below, and soon the flames came
bursting up the passageways. I saw th* cap
tain and heard him shouting to the crew to man
the fire hose. He told the men that the fire
•was forward. I heard that distinctly. I was
among the lot taken from the Slocum by & tug.
I shall neve: forget the suspense while we ra
waiting lor that tug to come up. The sight of
the panicsiridten women and children was
dreadful. I can't tell a connected story about
It. 1 lost some of my relative; in the" fire. I
don't know v. hat became of them. lam afraid
they were drowned In Jun.plng overboard. Be
fore I left the deck of the Slocum I heard two
or three say that the fire started in the lamp
room, where a colored man was cleaning lamps
and working with kerosene."
POLICEMEN KNOCKED FROM BOAT.
Patrolmen Van Taseell and Keilt. of the Har
bor 6<iuad. were detailed to accompany the ex
cursion. The first they knew of the fire was
when the fire alarm cf the boat was sounded.
"The fire alarm had hardly sounded." said
. Van Tassell. "when the entire forward part of
the boat seemed to burst Into flames. Pas
aane«:» who were in the forward part of the
vessel tried to rush to the stern on every deck
and. finding their way blocked. Jumped over
board to escape th» flames, which were being
fanned into great fury by the head wind and
by the motion of the WeaseL
-There was no checking the rush into the
water and tflero would have been no use in
doing it, as the boat clearly was doomed from
the start. It was better to Jump and take the
chances of drowning than to stay on the boat
er - meet almost certain death by fire
An Arrow Collar
Fifteen Cents Earli
Two for 25 Cents
_ CLUETT P£*(JODy 4. CO.
■Hi art.r t.- »•» • i «*c aoKoii&H •- •r»
TALES OF CHILD BRAVERY
In Scene of Terror Ther/ Thought
of Others First.
Many were the stories of heroism on the part
of children and of hairbreadth escapes from
death by flood of flre taken to the sorrowing
lower East Side last night. One man saved his
sweetheart after a terrible struggle in the
6trong tide: S boy, scarcely thirteen years old,
rescued a little giri, and nearly lost his life In
his efforts to rescue a six-year-old baby; another
boy, after being taken ashore, plunged over
board and swam ashore with the bodies of his
mother and grandmother.
Arthur Link, thirteen years old, of No. 76
Avenue A, the son of a cigarmaker. was on the
lower deck of the Slocum when the fire brok«
out, with his brother Edward, eleven years old,
ar.d ins sister Lottie, tight. Sitting next to him
was Mrs. Peter Heckert, of No. SS Avenue A,
who held her six-months-old baby in her lap.
'Everything around us," said Arthur last
night, "began to burn at once. I was awfully
frightened, and Mrs. Heckert was, too. Sh»
knows I ( an swim, and she gave me the baby.
•Never rr.ind me,' she said, 'but save the baby.'
"I couldn't move myself, but every one began
to push me to the side of the boat. A tvs was
almost touching us. I remember that a man
took the baby from me. but I can't remember
anything else. When I woke up on shore some
one was putting a bandage on my head and
telling me not to be afraid."
The Grosse children, of No. 93 Flrst-«.ve.,
made up a party of five, all of whom were
saved. They were In charge of Miss Mamie
Gross", who Is twenty-one years old. Curt
Grosse. eleven years old, saved the whole party
by his coolness.
BOY PAVES ENTIRE PARTY.
"We were all on the upp»r deck," snid the
boy, "near the bow. We were talking and
laughing and eating a lot of cak<>s that father
had given us. All ot a sudden there was a big
flre right in the middle of the boat. My sisters
got scared and started to run to th» front of
the boat, but it began to blaze there, too. They
didn't know what to do. br.t I told them to ro
to the side of the boat, where it wasn't afire.
I made them stay thTe, for every one else was
trying to run to the back r^rt of th« boat.
They were awfully scared, and k<=pt yelling
'Fire! 1 and saying their prayers".
"I wanted to «ay mine, but I didn't have time.
A lot of people who wer» hanging onto th<*
front of the bont from our deck fell Into the
fire when a piece of it broke off. Th^r« must
have b<>en more than twenty of them. Then a
towboat got up close to us arid we Flid down a
post to the lower deck and climbed on board.
My filter Mamie fell into th" water, but a tow
boat man pulled her out. The m*n got all the
Ufa preservers they could and tried to put them
ar"un<l the women, but they were so scared
that the men had awful hard work to do it."
CLINGS TO BOAT WITH IIANCEE,
In the last boatload to be saved from the
burning steamer were Henry Iden. nineteen
years old. of No. I<V» East Fourth-st .. and Ms
sweetheart. Ml.= 3 Amelia Swartz, of No. 141
East Thlrd-st. Iden lout his four slsf-rs —Annie.
aged tw-elve, Etta, nine; Minnie, seven, and
Grace, five. Miss Swartz was hysterical with
grief over the loss of her mother, Mrs. Louisa
Swartz; her grandmother. Mrs. Anna Fwartz,
Rnd her aunt. Mrs. Christina Burkhardt, and
thfWHßatttbs-old daughter Mrs Burk*
hardt's son Adam, eight yeare old. was saved.
"Miss Fwartz nr.d I went to the rail " said
Iden. "We law a lot of people waving their
arms at us. We stayed close by the rail where
it wasn't so hor. until the stean.> ■:• grounded.
Then we Jumped Into the trater. I couldn't
swim with Miss Bwarta« *o we h»-ld on to 'he
boat. It got so hot In two or three mlnutet I
1 had to ke^p <!u.'ki:iß her to keep her hair frr.in
being burned, and had to duck myaelf. We
■rare finally saved by a towboat. but not
our faces had be»n Mistered and oijr eyebrows
GIRL GIVES BELT TO WOMAN.
John Tl«^hn<--r. thirteen years old. living at
No. 4411 Flfth-si., is scarcely four feet tall and
does not weigh more than ninety pounds. Small
as he is, he was one of the numerous child
heroes that the disaster revealed. When the
fire first broke out he found a life preserver for
Ida Wytzka. fourteen years old, who was wltn
him. She lives at No. 4<M rifth-#t.. directly
across the street from the Tis^hner boy, and
the two have been playmates for years. The
girl saw a woman with a baby unable to get at
a life preserver, and she unhesitating" pave the
woman her?-. Tischner tried to get another
from the racks, but was not strong enough.
•'We were sitting on the lower deck eating
Ice cream and smelling the clams they were fry
lug, thinking how nice they would taste." he
said after he got home. "All of a sudden every
thing around us got afire, and for a minute I
didn't know what to do. Every one was crying
and praying and yelling 'Fire:* A lot of women
around me were running back and forth with
their hair and clothes afire. I pulled Ida back
out of the way, so she wouldn't catch fire.
Finally I got a life preserver for Ida, and she
grave It to a woman with a baby. I tried to get
her another, but it stuck In the rack and I
couldn't reach it well enough to pull it down.
Finally a man gave me another life preserver
and I put It on Ida and pushed her overboard.
Then I Jumped In the water and held her up
until a tug picked her up."
The girl added to the story.
NEARLY GIVES LIFE FOR ANOTHER.
"When Johnny pushed me overboard." ens
said. "I tried to paddle away from the steamer,
but the water kept pushing me back. It was
awful hot, and my face got burned. Johnny
then »warn up to me and pulled me away. After
he and I had been pulled out of the water he
tried to save a baby. A lot of the women were
throwing their babies Into the water, and
Johnny saw oe little boy, about six year's old,
hold on to a piece of wood. He swam to him
and tried to bring him over to the tug. We
were a long way off then, and he was too tired
to hold on to him. He sank two or three times
before he let go, and was almost dead when
one of the men on the boat got him aboard."
Last night Mrs. Rlchter and six of her chil
dren, living at No. 314 Slxth-st., were missing.
Her daughter Frances, eleven years old. la th*
only one of the family known to be alive. Her
face was badly burned, and she waa hysterical
all.day from fright. In th- rush for the rail
that followed the first outburst of flame the
little girl was separated from her family and
pushed overboard. Her clothes were torn from
bat body, Bhe held on to the boat until picked
up by a tug.
Charles Schwartz, of No. 141 East Thlrd-st
lost his mother and grandmother, but recovered
their bodies. H* told the story of his experi
"Aiy mother, eta-ndiugtiisr and. I W er« ell sit
NEW-TOKK DAILY TMBITNE. THUBSDAY. JUNE 1C 1001.
ting together on the upper deck when the fire
broke out." he said. "1 put my arms around
both, but my mother broke away, saying that
Bhe could look after herself, and for me to save
"I picked up my grandmother and carried her
to the rail, waiting for some boat to come near
enough to put her on board. Suddenly the rail
and a part of the deck gave way. and we f*ll
with twenty-five or thirty others into the water.
There were hundreds of others In the water
vitn us, and in the fight for our lives my grand
mother was torn from me and drowned before
I could get to her again. I was picked up by a
tug and taken to North Brother Island.
"From the shore I saw a lot of bodies float-
Ing, and I took off rr.y clothes and swam out,
looking for my mother and grandmother. I
found my grandmother's body and took it to
the shore. Then I swam out again, and after
a while found my mother's."
Gertrude Nagy, of No. 80 Avenue A, says
that three times she got a life preserver, only
to have it torn from her by men. She said that
she was at tha stern when the flre broke out.
She at once climbed up on a bench and pulled
a life preserver from the rack. A man, she
says, seized it from her, put it on and Jumped
overboard. The second and third life preserv
ers, she declared, were likewise torn from her.
She says she was then picked up by a towboat.
POLICE AND FIREMEN SAVE MANY.
Otto Goehring and George Tyrrell, life savers
at the One-hunrtred-and-thirty-fourth-st. baths,
did splendid work in the rescuing. Between
them they took seventy persons— dead and liv
ing—from the water. They worked from the tug
Cummins, whose crew lent a wiillng hand in
taking the bodies aa they were handed up by
the two life savers.
George 11. ('.riff en, a potteeman attached to
the Thirty-third Precinct, who lives In Prospert
ave., near st. John's-ave,, In The Bronx, saw
the burning boat r.s she came up the river oppo
site North Brother Island. II" heard the
screams and shouts of the passengers, and saw
thorn jumping into the river by the score. Ha
pot a boat and rowed out to the burning Slocuin.
He met Patrolman Rush Webster, of the Thirty
sixth Precinct, and the two officers quickly
Jumped overboard. They pulled many persons
from the river and swam with them to tu^s and
other boats Whioh were arriving at the scene.
Policemen Gofs a:.d Bullivan, of the Thirty
fifth Precinct, were others who rendered val
uable aid by Jumping into the river and rescu
ing many from drowning and taking thi
ready dead from the water. Gosa has a reputa
tion for life saving ir. The Bronx.
Firemen Dean and Plato, of Engine Company
No. t>», which v. as early ordered to the scene,
dived overboard time I ■ sj I returned
with bodies to New-York Central Tug No. 16,
which stood by to receive them. LSoth men wer- 1
po exhausted by their efforts that they had to be
: up by those on b '■ : ig- Plato
declared that th
watched the p I I water
without lifting - ' . r ■ • them. When the
police and firemen became active, however, th- v
men on the tugs began to jum]
Plato says th v ev< :y tim<
- W( Uld gi
thnn >>ff to save
• ■ ny of
The crew of the tup D R. Arnott, of the Keeler
Transportation Company, assisted In rescuing
the living and ree »vertng trie dead. The tvs « v
i:n'i<>r command of Captain Van Etten. ■ ho was
severely burned abo-it the hands and .irrm. Ills
fare, too. was scorched.
"We were coming down stream toward Mew-
York, when the Slocum hove in ("ight near the
Sunken Aieadous off Hell Gate." Yf said. "Dense
clouds of «moke wore rising from her. and 'he
was heading for North Brother Island, with the
evident Intention of beaching, as soon a> she
struck shoal water aha became a mass of flame
from . ;eni to stern, and then I saw people Jump
it p from her. It waa a terrible • ■:.•• Women
and '-hilrtren ran frantically to the rails, and
sprang overboard to escape the Are many of
them to meet death by drowning;. It seen to
me that the Slocum was carrying pretty n*ar
to her capacity. By the time I got my tuff n*»ar
enough to be of any service there were hun
drtrds of people drowned and drowning. We
managed to pick up six women and two chil
dren, and n'.rri hauled in fifteen bodies, which
were taken aboard th* hospital boat of North
Brother Island an i placed alongside the others
on the shore."
M'ADOO DIRECTS WORK.
Photographs of Bodies Taken by
Polios Commissioner AdOO, accompanied by
Secretary Howell, arrived at North Brother
Island early In the afternoon In the police boat
PatroL Aft»r a quick survey of the situation
he went to the telephone and called up Com
missioner Tuliy of the Department of Charities
and asked him to have at once erected at East
Tw« :.'y-sixth-st., close to the pier, a temporary
morgue for the reception of the bodies sent from
North Brother Island. This was to be done, he
explained later, not only to relieve the regular
Morgue from the great throng that was sura
to look for relatives for a week or more, but
also becaus* It was nearer the homes of tho?<»
Interested in the Identification of the bodies
Commissioner Tully at once agreed tn> Com
missioner McAdoo's Buggct-tion. and said the
work would be begun at once.
"I have nothing but praise tor Coroner O'Gor
man," eaid Commissioner McAdoo. as he was
leaving the Island In the launch Oneida. "for
the great work he is doing, and for
his great assistance to us in another way. He
might have raised all sorts of obstacles by re
fusing to allow the bodies to be transferred from
The Bronx Borough to Manhattan Borough; but
he has been broadmlnded and liberal in this
The Commissioner next called up a firm of
photographers, aiid asked them to send at once
some men with cameras. to take flashlight
pictures of the dead for Identification. Some 250
bodies were at the time laid out on the lawn.
Owing to the coldness of the water, they were
nil In a good state of preservation, and their
features and clothing, he said, could be recog
nized by their friends if pictures were made at
once, iii-suits would be different In twenty
four or forty-eight hours after being taken from
The photographers arrived with two large
cameras at I* o'clock. They took the f'.rst fl.-ish
light of half a dozen bodies in a group ut !»:'_':>
p. m., and they continued until long after mid
night. The Commissioner's plan was carried
out to the letter.
He said that he had sent for divers, who. when
they came, would report to Inspector Albertson,
and he took occasion to thank Commander
Franklin of the Ist Naval Battalion, who so
promptly sent the two steam launches, the
Seneca and the Oneida. to ply as ferryboats be
tween Ona-hundred-and-tbirty-second-at and
"If 1 find It necessary," said Mr. McAdoo, "I
Fhall ask th« Navy Department to let us h'av>»
a tug to assist In the work of llndins the botlie?
The Metropolitan Street Railway Company hai
promised to send us some cluster lights to us>
on the beach to-night They will be of K r'-at
On the question of responsibility for the dis
aster Commissioner McAdoo said last night that
so far as he knew that had not been determined
"I have ordered a strict Inspection by th"
police of all excursion boats that leave New-
York, and especially those running to Coney
Island and other resorts where crowds frequent.
This work 1 h;tve Intrusted to Captain Dean, of
the Steamboat Patrol, and it will be pushed
CREDIT MEN HAD CHARTERED HER.
The General Slocum was one of the best
known excursion boats In the harbor. She was
In almost constant demand In the summer for
outings. She had been engaged for to-day by
the National Association of Credit Men. whose
ninth annual convention Is now in session at the
Hotel Savoy, the plan being to hold a short
■Mating on the steamboat <iad then continue on
her foe a day's outing.
MAW SMALL COFFINS.
SCENES AT THE MORGUE.
Police Keep Back a Big Crowd —
SHU Clasped by Mother.
There was a crowd of more than five hundred
near the entrance to the Morgue when the
Fidelity tied up at East Twenty-slxth-st.. short
ly before 4 p. m. An hour before a wagon filled
with coarse plnewood coffins, with their diminu
tive size pitifully significant, had unloaded at
the Morgue. The arrival of thn coffins preceded
the coming of five thousand pounds of ice to
preser\ - e the bodies.
In long rows along the deck of the boat were
blankets covering the bodies. Deputy Coroner
Weston was in charge, and only the crew were
on the boat besides. The bodies of twenty-two
women and eight children were the cargo. The
children were mostly very young. In one case
a child was still locked close in its mother's
Dr. Weston said that all the bodies were
picked up In the water near the scene of the
wreck. Half, he said, had met death by drown
ing and the remainder by burning or asphyxia
tion. Some were charred terribly and had evi
dently fallen from the bout after being partly
BELLEVUE INMATES "WATCH.
Captain Shire, of the East Th!i ty-ftfth-st.
station, with twenty-five men, maintained or
(JeT, keeping 1 the crowd well behind the ropi
stretched across the street to keep the pntrance
clear. There was little demonstration when the
bodies were carried off the boat and landed aj.
the northern entrance to the Morgue. Inmates
of Bellevue lined the flre escapes and verandaa.
A student or two hurried back into the Morgue,
tennis racket in hand, and save for the stretch
ers and what their blankets were known to hide,
the coarse pine coffins and the blocks of Ice.
there was little Indication of the presence of
One by one the bodies were carried Into the
autopsy room In the Morgue and deposited In
the open wooden coffins. Then the clothing of
the bodies was searched for effects. The bodies
v ere carefully tagged, and whatever effects
were found were placed In envelopes with cor
responding numbers, for future reference.
SEEKS MOTHER. BROTHERS AND SISTERS.
Henry Ponies, who visited the Morgue seeking
his mother, brothers and sisters, was one of
those who lived through the disaster. Ills utory
was an example of many.
"We left the Thtrd-*t. pier." paid he. "at about
0 o'clock, and all went well until we were within
a short distance of North Brother Island. With
the rest of iry family I was on the lower deck
when the smoke appeared .on the starboard aide
from somewbera below. Although the sight of
the pnifike and Its keen, pungent smell alarmed
every one. all went well until pome one shouted
'Fire!' Then every one ran pellmell toward
the uppT decks; those who were 'in the main
fleck also rushed up the *t<*ps to the hurricane
deck, until If MM literally Jammer). Th« j;pop!<»
kept on crowding; liouever. until i ii> ard a *u.l
lien timing wound, and zip! the railing save way
nn«l the people wer* puslx over t^ e <»)s;<• into
"As th< fir* lncroa?"pd and ate mviy th» <V<-k
supports, the deck caved in with an awful rra«-h,
tarrying many Into the flames. The ere ■ v. *-re
a little excited, but they did nil they could,
•tretrhlng hose and towering boats. The boats
on the Ktarboard side could net be ■..?■ 1, hotr
ever. because of th* spurting flames, ai.d the
r»*t would not nearly ho.d the hundreds to be
■ ai *d.
"In the scramble up the stairway I missed
the rest of my family, all except my brother
<""hnr!fs, whom I escaped with on ■ tug th it pr.t
us ashore somewhere BMU One-hundred-and
thlrty-ninth-«t. I fear that th* rest of us per
"Th" s^ene when the deck fell In was awful
The flames roared and licked nt people who. In
their desperation, I—pad haadlong overboard,
while those who were too late \v»nt dot Into
th« hell underneath. '"
Scarcely had the Fidelity's human car^- ■ been
disposed in the morgue, when, about 4:4.". p. m..
the Massasolt, Captain Parkinson, with 129
bodies and two girls who escaped alive, tied Op
at th» Charities pier, abutting on the morgue.
The. tr-o survivors were Minnie Weiss, of No.
l.L.;"> Thlrd-ave., eleven years old. and Hanna
Ludrman, sixteen " years old. of White Plains,
Both owe their escape largely to Albert Rappa
port. a deckhand.
Miss Luderr.nn was seriously burned nbout
the face, but Miss Weiss seemed outwardly lit
tle the worse for her terrible adventure.
"I started for the trip this morning." said she,
"with my mother. Mrs. Ida Weiss; my brother
George, who is fifteen, and a cousin. Miss I.o»Ha
Roth. I was in the front of iho boat on the
second deck and my brother was on the t*>p
deck when the fire broke out. My brother ran
to get a life preserver for my mother. In the
confusion I missed my mother and followed a
bis. strange woman, and the sailor picked me
up. That Is all I know."
Miss Lbdeman, whose face was barely visible
under its band*g«a, said she left home v.lth
her mother. Mrs. Hannah Lurtem.in, and her
brothers. Fred and John, eighteen and sixteen
years old. "We were on the upper deck on the
rear of the boat," she said, "when we saw the
smoke. I helped mother put on a life preserver
and put on one myself Then the upper deck
caved rlcht in. anil I don't remember anything .'•
Never within the memory of the most hardened
hospital attendant have such scenes'*' been wit
nessed as those that occurred In the morgue
and the temporary morgue at the Charities dock
from 6unset throughout the night.
Veteran patrolmen, and even middle aped
surgeons, blanched at the long seres of hor
rors. Bodies charred beyond recognition Into
the semblance of brown mummies; wives Whose
features were so disfigured with blood, whOM
bodies were so twisted With pain, as to pass un
identified by husbands at the first close inspec
tion; men who covered their faces and blub
bered like children; young man who seemed to
go insane at the sight of distorted clumps of
flesh that only a few hours before had been
their dearest — the remembrance of all these
things onlookers will carry with them to their
Here a man hurled himself, sobbing, on ,1
mangled form, there a man raised his hands
appealingly and screamed. "Lily, Lily, look at
ire! Oh, darling, speak'" Now a man threw
Up his arms and swooned, now a girl went into
hysterics, or a woman's face in a. moment tool;
en years of age.
ONLY HER RINHS TO IDENTIFY HER.
"No. 11" in the line of bodies was that of a
woman. Not an Inch of the woman's frani^
untouched by the flames. On the head only :l
small remnant of the black skull remained. Or t
the fleshless tlnger^ the police found tw,> ri-.i^s,
one a diamond. Inside the ring no mark could
be found. The other, a sreddlng rlnc, bore the
initials "H. H. to A. H."
As the evening wore on the scene nt East
Twenty-Slxth-st. and the river became more
harrowing. At the immense pier of the Chari
ties Department the boats loaded with the dead
tied up long enough to unload, and then started
on their way back to North Brother Island.
Health Commissioner Darlington spent the night
on the Health Department boat. Franklin Ed
son, which had brought fifty-seven bodies.
These were added to those already stretched out
on the pier.
Tv» hundred coSina had been sent to North.
Brother Island late yesterday afternoon by the
Charities Department, but not enough men coi:M
be found at the scene of the disaster to pack
the bodies in the coffins. It was decided that
the coffins should be taken back to the -pier at
Tv-enty-sixth-st.. and the bodies there placed in
COfflni as they were identified.
In the evening the crowds outside swelled to
thousands. Between 0 o'clock and midnight.
when the Minnahanonck caire in with eighty
three bodies from Riker's Island, the police
found the task of maintaining order far easier
than it had been earlier.
The long doable line of watchers still reached
from the pier to Avenue A. broken only by th?
ambulames and the undertakers' wagons, but
the acute grief of the early evening had given
v ay to the weariness of sorrow, and the sound
of shuffling feet on the asphalt pavement was
broken only when the guardians at the door
of the pier permitted a fresh instalment of
11 en and women to enter.
The percentage of the morbidly curious had
been reduce the policemen said, by m per
cent, and those who waited waited for their
The pier had been divided into two sections.
the first half containing the living, the second
the dead and those who were attempting to
recognize them. The line of coffins reached In
triple ti^rs, and around thes^ the line con
Many had made the march time and time
again in the vain hope of finding their dead, and
the grim task brought about many curious
friendships. When the Franklin Edson arrived
a man and his wife, accompanied by a younger
woman whom the same mission had evidently
brought together, began the weary march again.
Finally the elder woman stopped before the
body of a child, and. reaching down, smoothed
the little lace collar with tenderness. The man
tried to comfort her awkwardly, stammerlngly.
"But it's not in the river." he said huskily.
"and we will have her with us at home this
night" "And mine." th*> younger woman
broke In with fierce envy, "God won't give me
mine, even dead."
The ghastly Bare of the arc light made Identi
fication more difficult t'.ian it had been, and fre
quently a soft red flame of a match would give
a temporary warmth to a white, still face.
One ol l man would not heed the commands of
the officers, and when he saw a group surround
ing a coffin he would stumble over the quiet
rows, and. hurling the group aside, peer down
at the face that looked up at him. "It ain't
her; it ain't her," was the sob ha repeated again
and again. "I know it ain't her because she
wore the locket I give her, and It wouldn't come
After Commissioner Tuliy sent a request To
the recrt-ation pier that there should be no
music, this request was construed by the crowd
outside as an announcement that the next
boat would unload its cargo at the recreation
pier. For an hour the o.Ticer in charge was be
sieged by a crowd, asking for admission tick
ets. An old woman, with eyes dull and tear
leaa, approached him. "There ain't goin" to be
no music on the pier to-nigh!," he said, gently.
"There ain't goin' to be no music to-night."
She repeated vacantly. "There ain't goin' to be
no more. And I've waited and waited since
she went away on the boat. She had on her
first communion dress what we made over, and
there ain't goin" to be no musio to-night, you
une young fe'.low with a shock of red hair
finally found the body he had been searching
for. It was that of a young woman. The rigor
of death had left her arms outstretched. "Jest
like she was awavln" to me," he said to th*
man next to him in the line.
At the order of Police Commissioner McAdoo
and Coroner O'Oorman photographers began last
night at North Brother i ■'. rod the work of
graphing the "-lies a* a means of identi
fication. After sixteen Hea had been photo
graphed It was d< »d inadvisable to do th*
york there, and tlu | . ographara were ordered
to go aL once to the BeUems morgue to con
tinu" th<* work, as It was thought there it
coiild be done more systematically.
When the photographers arrived at the Island
tw«ive of the bodies were in coffin*. Four of
the coffins were placed In an upright position
agalnsi the south wall Of the scarlet fever hos
pital md a flashlight picture was taken. The
other bodies which had BOOS placed In coffins
v:,-jf photographed In th* same way in groups
The coffins hi'l boon slow In arriving, and It
was bought that tha work would better te done
at the morgue.
A striking phase of the search for missing
member! of fnmilips by Ivors was the ap
parent lack of emotion with ma Th«ir brains
-••::.-l t-> have been - 1 shocked by the catas
trophe, the Immensity of it. thai they could not
realize their own losses. A family with a loss
of only one was a fortunate family. One mother
of seven eh.! !ren walked up and down with her
baby in her arms, the -inly survivor of her chil
dren so far as she kr.ev.-. talking and laughing
without any apparent feeling of the groatnosi of
SMALL HOPE OF DAMAGES
Court Decisions Against Money Re
covery in Such Disasters..
Lawyers familiar with admiralty practice said
yesterday that there was little hope of recover
ing damages from the owners of the General
SlOCtun. In order to encourage the merchant
marine there was pasaaal several year* ago a
law which limits the recovery of damages In
ease of a reave! foundering to the actual value
of the ve=sel.
"In a case like this to-day." saM a lawyer to
a Tribune reporter yesterday, "all the owners
need to do is to say to th? first claimant for
damages: "We have turned what hi l-ft of the
Slocum over to the United States government.
Any verdicts for damages will have to be satis
fied with the value of the vessel as turned over.
Our liability stops with transferring the boat to
th a eovernir.ent." "
This is the statute that was invoked wh«n the
French liner BourgQgm was lost, and recently
in the Federal Court in Brooklyn a defendant
t> ok advantage <>f the same law,
Th.- Bourgogne sank in a collision with the
Cromartythtre, iff Babla I«land. on July 4. ISDN.
and .*>7l lives were lost. In the next three years
n ore than on* tundred and fifty suits for dam
ases In connection with the disaster came up In
the l"nit-d Ptates courts and the Supreme Court
of this State. There were fifty sknilar raits in
Prance od several In English and Canadian
coufta Only In the F.nprllsh courts were th^re
any decisions nfc: ;| i"Pt the French Line
On March ". >. 10<>\ Jones A Govin. of No. 4.'.
Ceclar-st.. attorneys for the French Line, trot an
Injunction from Judge Brown, in the United
States District Court, restraining all actions :n
the United States 1 oiirts against the French
Line The court held, In granting th? injunc
tion, that Uabllttlas, under the federal law. were
linited to the value of the ship in her injured
condition, with the freight. As the ship and in
cluded fretgbi were a total loss, it was held
that the lrsMlities were nothing.
The test i ate in trance \v:is that of the widow
of Paul Reael. who sued for 200iO00 franca, .'<
verdict for 200,000 franca was granted to her In
the lower courts, but the decision was reversed
on final appeal, with the declaration that neither
the company nor the ship's • • i • en could be held
responsible for the catastrophe
WORK OF THE CHARITIES BOATS.
Charities Commissioner Tuny, as soon as he
beard of the catastrophe, ordered th* four boats el
t!in Charities Department— the Vitality, the Gilroy,
the Companion and th« YWkham— to proceed at
o;-. t e to North Brother L md and render whatever
aid thy could. Mr. Tulty said last night ha had
ht-ard Indirectly that they bad giv*n efficient help.
Comnnissioiitr Tully also tel* phoned to Dock Com
rrtlssiornr Feathersoii, who imnu Ui.iUly cave orders
that the band on the recreation pier at Ea?t Twen
ty-second-st. should discontinue Its concerts until
all the bodies had been removed from the tem
porary morgue at the C!:ar!t!es pier.
The Commissioner will keep the t'Oiir boats of the
department on reDM work all day to-day, and no
passes win be Issued to iti^ Islands In the East
River until further notice. Persons desiring to go
to Bla kwetl's. Ward's or to t^e other islands in
t:ip East River will have to take the ferry .it
Fiftieth, dred-aad-twenttatk or One-hun
FEARS HIS WHOLE FAMILY IS LOST.
Adolph Molanthal, assistant manager of the
Broaa Brewery, in Mount Vernon. received word
yesterday that his wr.o c .'aml.y had lost their lives
on the awing steamer General Slocum. Like a
ma-1 man M>lenthal rushed to the train, and went
ie New-York. At a late hour last nigVt he had
rot turned to Mount Vernon. and his friends
feared that the news of bis misfortune was true
The brewer had a wife, three chl;dren and two
isiers-!r.-la\v. all of whom are supposed to have
rone on th« excursion. The slsrers-in-law wen
the Misses Julia and Mamie Hookeabackei two of
the prettiest young women of Sherwood Park They
were induced to go on the outing by friends who
were members of the church.
Th* family of J. Sohultz. of No. 9 Mndison-st
Mount Vernon. who went on the. excursion hail rot
returned last nlirht. Mr. 3chultz. who '* a New
York tit:.>r, i* now searching for them In the hos
I IHHLKV k)ki:mk.\
•■' eipcrt and Tnluable, and wmrllmn ilim<-ult to *««».
B.it m nuroh^r of K .,-U m..-.. may b«> warnl by <-oa*uit.
inn the situatiuu* WanteU advertisement* u> tb» mmr-.
THROWS BABIES fO A TL'G.
Woman Tells Hove She Saved
Xieces and Herself.
Mi?* Mary Iloelder sits in har littlo --_.
rocking hour after hour and moaning that he
mother will never come back to her. iij S3
Hoeldtr. who is forty year? old. and her mother
of seventy-nine, lived together in two n »a;
little rooms at So. IC.I Avenue A. Teaterda 7
morning, after the boat had got fairly Qatar
way. Miss HoeUlor settled her mother comfort.
My on the deck and went below. "I was on th»
committee to help serve refreshments, * —^
Miss Iloeldor at her home late yesterday after
noon, "an* I wafc-JuW passing some clam chow
der to a trbimn when I saw some men running
with a line of hose. I said 'What's the matter*
and one of the teachers at the Sunday school
came up to me and said. 'Oh, It's all right; <Jon'»
be scared." But I knew something was the nut
ter, so I ran up to my mother. Just then every
thing seemed on fire, and when I got op th»
stairs it was ail flames where my mother had
been, and I couldn't find her. Then I Jumped
and caught hold of a beam. A lot of other
women were holding to it. and there was or*
man. H« acted Ilk? he was crazy, and he yelled
to us, 'C.lt ofTn here, or I'll bite you" I couldn't
hold on any longer, so I let so and dropped Into
the water. I went do^-n twice, and then a sailor
got hold of me and put me in a boat and took
me to the hospital. All my clothes w»re new
Just for the occasion, but they took them off
for they were all wet. and srave me these things. '•
She pointed to a calico dress anl black cape.
T;. ■■•>• gave me carfare to come home. Oh!
WlMft Is my dear mother? She always tol._i «,,
to keep up the home, so I'm goir.s to do it, if
she rio.-«n't come hack. No, I haven't heard that
she's dead, but I know she is."
Next doer to Miss Koelder the Michael family
Is mourning the loss of four of its members—a
mantes daughter, Mrs. Catherine Cohr=, C N\\
TO First-aye.; her two children. Frieda, six
years old, and Harry, one year, an.l Carolina
Michael, thirteen years old. Mr?. Cohrs's hus
band spent all of th? afternoon and evening
searching for his family in the hospital.*, wMj»
his wife's old mother and father waited anxious
ly for news. Neighbors, ?yrr.pathiz!n?, yet ftill
of a morbid curiosity, hung around the door, of
fering occasional words of encouragement. Th»
father sat In a chair by the window, his hea-J
burled in his hands, while the mother paced the
floor. Another daughter, who had thought «f
go::.? on the excursion, sat by, ar.J her ba&r,
evidently recognizing that all was n^t well, kept
up a continuous crying. "My daughter's hu.«
band saw the boat on fire," said Mrs. Michael.
"He drives an Ice cream wagon, an I hi was over
near the East River when a woman called to
him If he saw the boat or. fire. What is it*"
h» asked. "It's th» General S'.ocum.' 'Good Cod.
my whole family is on that boat" (M cried. Up
ran right over to us as fast as he could, but
by that time we had heari about if. Oh, God'
It is awful! And that dear little baby is gone,
too! We Just have to wait. I know, but It's to
awful not to know where they are. "
Mrs. Charles Kaufmar.n. whose husband ke«p»
a grocery store at Flrst-st. and F.rs:-ave.. saved
her two little nisei by throwing them into a.
tug. Edna is four years old. in 1 the other 53 a
baby of seventeen mcr.tha. They are the chil
dren of Mrs. Louisa Er.gelrr.ar.n, of No. 425
East Twelfth-st.. »n<s went on the excursion
with their mother. Hr.'. Kaufmans, another
aunt. Mr*. William Slorieha, of No. 421 East
TWOtflh-Ot., and her flfte<»r.-y^ar-o;d boy Char
ley. Last night, when a reporter stepped lato
the doorway of the unlishted rooms wher« Mr».
Eageln -ir.n tirfsm, a woman screamed out of fhs
dark: "Mem Gott! Ist das me in kind"" It was
Mrs. Engelmann's mother who cried out. aad
alter her moment of hop* she sobbed pitsoasjr.
Mrs. Kaufmar.n also was there, slightly bruisej
an.i in from the horror of her ex-perl?-:?*, nfl
holding her sister's baby, whose little hand*
feet were done up in cotton. She Mid the MPQ
of her escape. "I had just come out of the
ladies' room, where I heard every °-» is
to ream." she said. 'I rushed to my s!s:er«,
and by that time I s»\w that everything was en
flre. One of my sisters grabbed hold or my
arm, begging me not to jump. I waited a nvln
at*, then I said to her: -V.eve got to go, And
I'm going to Jump if you pull off my arm.' Just
then a tug <. arr.e up and I pulled 'oose from
ny sister and threw the two children to i: ana
jumped after them. People k-pt piling ea tog
of me and I didn't know anything more untJ
wm pal to the hospital. I never sa-.v n-.v sisters
after I toM tiiem we had to Jump, Mi I'm war
rying because I couldn't save then;.'
" Charley Siertehs Jumped overboard, sva:?.
ashore ani took th» first boat home entirely un
injured. Little Edna also escaped without in
juries. and last night she was playing In tne
street, apparently with no thought of tha dis
aster which has probably cost her mother's B»
THE CHURCH'S HISTORY.
It Wat Founded in the Ft* 9*9
School First Planned.
The disastrous excursion was the seventh an
nual outing Of the Sunday school of St Mirk'
German Evangelical Lutheran Church, at No.
823 Sixth-at. The Rrr. George C. F. Baaa •»
the pastor. The excursion was in C&SQ9I of a
committee of the church, helped by Miss Mary
Abcndsohain. of No. 315 East Eightecnch-s:.
The church has an interesting history, fetf
time in the forties CClfta Germans on tIM - ar
Side conceived the . 1- ■ of fDW Sing 1 OtXXBMB
sciiool in their district. They eventually de
cided that they neo>.!ed a church rather than a
school, and the present church is the result.
In the bfgir.nir.s. when the Rev. A. H. M. He
organized tine oon^resrruicn. they laJltVl tn*
present building in BUtIHM. lM(«IU Firs:
and Second avoa. They paid a yearly rtOtal >>r
$50 whi< h was iat-i-r increased to ?2r>o.
In I T"< Mr. Held restsrnd. ant Herman
Rne^ner was called 10 fill h:3 place.
In the course of a tin years UM BSjOfOKf
was >■ ought.
Connected with the church is a day KBOn
nci*onn->odstlnsr some hundred pupil*, H ad
dition the church boasts a Freu?r. TnttA en
uug>.-«l in chnrltalda work, a Mission Verein ar
the Lather Ufa, a young tOOef teuga* **
far back as \8&l the '•hurch recoi le.l 2»».W
bartlsma. .•."i» marriages and more than 4.txi'
ESTABLISHED HEARD HALF A CEMI a
AUR detain* Tor
; L ■>■ i shows tfcat we
believe in giv ng it trie
same careful study that
characterizes our gar
ments tor men. We be
gin with the little tkr-e
year-oM ar.J have all
sizes lor all shades of
T.-.'tv designs h Blue Scree Rus
sian Blouse an:l Sailor Sui -. $5
to $9. Wcshable Sailor -.. fcf
the ccuntry • iay ctmd. $3.
ASTUR ■ PLACE AND -AVENUE