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r A TT.IXD OnG.IX TRUST?
lit Least Something Much laJ:c It Is Discovered. A tnsst ■ said to have mvaded recently the rrjystrri. us reaha of the 'ir^in prrir.der. and laid hands on h\< scanty <e.j-:.irs. Certain charity "Workers, bed on ether i-vosti£.itions. the other day wandered into a rear tenement In Fifty iiintli-st., and nddeatty they realized that they had trai ■ t!ie hand <>r^.:n man to Us habitat. Prom numberless ti'iioir.er.t stories and endless rooms there saddVenly uterfegd i vast swarm of grinders. DM rr. - ■ :. the .h:.rity workers pursued their clew ixr.l soon discovered that they had hit upon a v... tribotittg centre of a real hand or?ran trust, a i»rpor:.tion even more soulless than usual, and that every inhabitant of this rear IflWUfilt v..ir1.l whs fast in its clutches. To be ecre, others n isjat regard this trust as a more ramification of the padrone system, familiar ■wherever the Italian is found, and the distinc tion is slight. The hand organ grinders have a centra; sad governing office, -a here two brothers are in control. It is rather ar. odd fact of s<*o?^iphy th.it the band ons business should lie altogether in the hands of the esntgFasts from the region at the foot of the Alps, but such is the case. Hand orgnr.s are made and repaired in large percent age by the Genoese, owned and rented by Sa voyards sad played ty Pielmcntese, as well as Inhabits: of the other Western Alpine region. The two Savoyard brothers, who operate this hand organ trust, own hundreds of organs. They import them by the score from Bordeaux, and they employ Italians, who play the organs ar.d turn over all but a pittance of their pennies lor the rent of the organ. In this tenement they house their employes like cattle, lead them like aninial3, and regularly send them forth on various routes. These routes are as extensive arid intertwining as those of a trunk eystem, and the brothers operate them like railroad Fuperintendents Every sty It of organ. from the miserable liitJe "wheenef" to the great piano organ, finds a place in their stock, and M a means cf keeping the control of the busies. 1 -: they never sell an organ. The basis c* the power of such a trust lies in the fact that the purchp.se of a hand organ re quires no email outlay of capital. Evi n th" tuneless "srheeanr/* oj»'rated by poor forlorn old women, and desi>jn*»d nv-rHy .'is an appr-ti! to charity, costs F2T>, and a carriage srgan, to the in;rr.ijrra.r.t, costs a fortune. Thus the trust has a Ms aduulagji — it controls the import;, tlon of the mai hiT;<--5. refuses t'j «<■!! them, and Imports its own employes. The evfls of the aysteni r.re manifold. Not long a~o certain vagnncy oJli'ials discovered an I&StaBOS w Jiere an ov. n*-r of a lnrpe share i:i one of these trusts was actually driving hi* wife <iut on th" streets to sec, and unsaercifully beatir:tr ] ■-r v.hen she failed to bring back money. T!;:.--- me imported hard organs from IJoid'-.iiix. valued at thousands of dollars, and he showed a check of over fl.'M) paid for cus tom house duties. It is also darkly hinted that some of these magnates are introducing the Italian custom of crippling children and caus i:.- painful wounds in order to reinforce their appeal 10 the tynipatiiy jf th" generous. It is easy to see how the advent of the trust will affect the life of the hand organ man. As bis grimy coppers in an increasing proportion are seized by the magnate, hi.- food and quar *trrs steadily deteriorate and the bland and smil ing organ grinder seems destined to lose his chartwistic Joyfulnees and sink back into sullen slavery. Moreover, the worst of the situation is that it is practically impossible to investigate 1... ,-,!!, iiiion. I*;:. "'•'• — . a. foreign toujru*-. a watchful padrone— intcrpuse, and behind this veil h»- seems to be b» y »nd the r-nch of lnvesti gaii.'ig coairr.itV.--s- NEW-YORK TBIBUNE ILLUSTRATED SUPPLEMENT. AN ABTISTIC ORGANIST. He displays sheets of musks on his orzxa for customers t» -■>« '.heir selections. tup: pony orcas as IT sometimes APPEARS. Has horsepower to convey It and two jnen or a man and a boy to man.-v;(? it. MOUNTAIN CLIMBING. Some of the Difficulties To Be Over come in Making Ascents. To reach the summit of a mountain in the most modern fashion you must ride in an auto mobile, as a number of persons did recently when they went up Mount Washington. A fairly satisfactory substitute for travelling in a i»ri vate conveyance is making use of an electric or steam railway. Some of the most famous moun tains in America and Europe can be climbed in that luxurious and easy manner, Pike's Peak, which rises over fourteen thousand feet abort sea level, is one of them. With the great ma jority of the highest uplifts, however, all of the?*- facilities are km;;. Access to the base is often f.-ir from easy, and thereafter even a Trail which a mule can follow/ is seldom found. Th»» explorer must go on foot, and his commis sary supplies must be carried by human bearers. The ascent of a mountain und«-r such circum stances demands courage, ingenuity and great physical endurance. These, in combination with the services of an experienced guide, have re sulted in remarkable conquests, notably in the Alps and Andes. Much the hardest tasks of this kind are pre sented by mountains that have never been climbed before. Information and help derived from natives have their limits, and beyond the latter a newcomer must dejiend entirely on his own resources, fclr Martin Con way did more or less original work in the Himalayas. So did Dr. and Mrs. Workman, who have achieved wonders in that part of the globe. To this same class of undertakings belongs Fitzgerald's as cent of the loftiest summit in the Amies. Ksti- Bsshsj of its height vary, but they agree in hovering around 23.000 feet Until List year I'-itzscrrild'a performance remained unequalled; but Dr. Workman then beat his own record In Cashmere, and he teems to have outdone Fitzgerald, too, as he claims to have reached an elevation of 23.15 M f?et. Simultaneously Dr. Cook was in Alaska, trying without success to climb Mount McKlnley, whose top has never been attained, though it is nearly three thou sand feet tower than Aconcagua. In a recent "Kulletin of the American Geo graphical Society** the Brooklyn explorer dis cusses some of the exceptional dilllculties which beset the as «nt of Mount McKlniey. When these are carefully cons.de-red one reaJizes tiiat THE HAND ORGAN. Not particularly artistic la appearance, but fall of ragtime zauaia. I the trouble la not always exactly proportioned to the elevation. There is a great difference la the slopes of mountains, for Instance. Dr. Cook encountered on the western side of MeKinl-y a granite wall four thousand feet hi^h. Another important characteristic of the- mountain is that It is situated further from the equator thin any other whose ascent would be regarded as a brill iant feat. Aconcagua is onlj ,"'.'J : U . 1.-_; r- ■ a south of the equator. Pioneer P- ik, which S;r Martin Conway climbed, i.- about the same dlstan. •; north of th- line. Mount Everest, th. highest summit in the world, stands In north latitude ■JS, and is scarcely outside the tropics. Mount McKiniey is in latitude •:.■'.. Everest i* ;'!•■>:; nine thousand feet higher, to be sure, but that difference is probably more than offset by Mc- Kinley's proximity to the Arctic Circle. It is es timated by meteorologists that the temperature diminish, s with ascent about one degrre for every 300 or J!"J<» feet. II one mountain i:i ta; Himalayas were !!»>.•«>•• feet high, and another, close beside It, rose to an elevation of -'■'•- ■ it is not likely th-ir th- average temperature would be more than :!<• degrees lower on the latter than on the former. Hut if th^ lower one were •■•"» degrees of latitude further north than the other it might easily prove to be the scene of more extreme cold. Dr. Cook has much to say about the embar rassments which he experienced in consequence of Mount McKlnley'a nearnesa to the pole. In many places there are overhanging cornices of snow and ice, which break away and i "■' a thundering down the mountainside. To the westward of Mount McKiniey, nd lying pan!! i with the chain to which it longs, is. RooseTelt lii'iu'»». whose height is not far from ten thou sand feet. Between the two i.s Peter's Gla^ cier, moving northeastward at a level of about eight thousand feet above the sea. One c| l»r. Cook's attempts Involved a Journey 0:1 the surface of this glacier. In order to make] any headway here it was necessary to cur step* in the ice, a: : before doing this to remove four teen Inches of snow! Progress was main! lined in that manner for three thousand feet. Then it was that the vertical granite ivu'l stopped furl her advance. An even more remarkable glacier lies to the northeast of M Kin] beins the product of several smaller i •• streams. At one point th. one, the Fldele Glacier, is e:^::t miles wide. Mount St. Eii is, a:.- i in Alaska, and a trifle over eighteen thousand f< -i hi.^h, has b*en scaled several times, and the Duke of the Abruxzl wrote a charming t.«")k ;■' out hia si; 1 cessful venture in that quarter of the globe. Mount St. Ellas, though, according to Dr. Cook, la not comparable with McKiniey for difficulty. A practically continuous path [.■< afforded over the Ice of Mount St. Ell «s from base t<> summit. 80 far as the Brooklyn explorer can perceive, all similar pat ha in the vicinity of McXii are badly interrupted. li- •■.!„- it "the loftiest mountain in North America, th- steepest in all the world, ui;d the most frigid of all gl ••-- moun tains." .11. MOST CALLED HIM A HOG. "The late Paul Jo-;, Blanc, the French art ist, studied in Home in his youth.** said an American painter, "and be was noted In th.so days for his truculence. "I'.'aii'- din< '1 at a stu -r in Rome, a-.<i a young Germ in wn • - ■■' i ar bin ■aid FVenchman.' •• How soT said Wane, frowning; " 'Because you eat so much bread.' "Blanc did not Ike this. He retorted: " 'It is easy to see that you are a German.' " 'Why?' asked the other. " "Till siisn." said iilaac, 'you eat f everything.' ■ .">