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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 14, 1904, Image 13

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PART 11.
rpicre 'Are 50/)00 of Them— How
They Get Alpng. .
' >gb» recant incorporation of a real estate com
mtsj *T negroes in order to secure homes for
V, grlTlt of their race in other and more deslra
y» parts of this city than where they now live
vrj flrawn attention anew to the fact that there
4. a prejudice against the negro In this city.
m*. negro not only finds It difficult to rent a
Mmx *nere he may desire to live, but, according
to some investigators," It Is becoming more and
-gpre dilScult for him to secure employment In
gy higher grades of unskilled labor. Compfttl-
Mac with foreign labor, It Is said, has worked
(js»(Jv«.n'.ageoue!y to him, because of the for
mers greater degree of persistence In seeking
gnfl keeping employment when once secured,
ggogariiuis and Bohemians and Italians are
tgglng the places of negro waiters, and the Ital
ia tai nearly driven the negro out of the bar
ter ki-T * nd £"O?Q the streets as a bootblack.
The negro does net form a large element In
gj» population of this city. It Is estimated
thfct they do not number more than fifty thou
m nt>. They live chiefly in three or four well
£j£se£ districts in Manhattan and Brooklyn,
In ttanbaSlßsl they have been crowded over
toward the West Side Into the flats along the
jferia River. The chief colony is in the west
ern «ide °- the "Tenderjoin" region. It la
bounded by Seventh-aye. and Thirty-fifth and
ss^ty-nlnth sts. Travellers on the Fifty
altti-st crosetown electric line are familiar
the location of the second district. Before
the doors? Eps and through the windows of the
boose* ot. either aide of that street west of the
fjjfcle can be seen the dark faces of many ne
groes. This street la the sou i hem boundary of
the negro quarter second in size in the city. The
Ecrtliern boundary is Sixty-thlrd-st. The col
ored per-- in tills region is constantly re
e£Tizg additions. A small colony lives In Cor
nclia-»t- In Brooklyn, Bndge-st. is the centre
for the negroes.
The recent Incorporation of the >xro-Ameri
cts Hearty Company, with a capitalization of
$500,000. revealed an effort en the part of a
Bjßßriiar of negroes of the more intelligent and
iresllhier class to establish a colony in a bet
ter neighborhood than that to which the major*
Ity of the unskilled class hay» been relegated
by the landlords of the city. According to Wil
ted H. Srrith, the colored attorney of the com
ptuy. It was evident that an effort wu being
cade to force all negroes, regardless of their
calibre and character, into old buildings alone
the Xcrti Elver. These of the more intellectual
class resented this, and determined to find, a
rrzr to get fcoir.es in other parts of the city.
f m nesrops formed a partnership a year ago
and leased for a term of five years Nos. 86 to 90
Wen One-hundred-and-thirty-fourth-«t, and
sublet it to colored families. Then they leased
far the sar • length of time the flathouses Nos.
158 and 15S West N*ir.ety-«igh.th-«t. and Not,
S3O to 83S West Fifty-nlnth-et, and. after
caking repairs, followed the same course there,
Till summer, he said, white persons tried to
prevent the negroes from settling In One-hun-
Gred-and-thirty-fifth-et- The company was then
Jacorpcrated. and it bought the flathouses Kos.
80 and 32 West One-hur.dred-and-thlrty-flfth
eL and Nor. 63 and 67 West One-hundred-and
thirty-fourtii-Bt., then occupied by whites, with
the Intention of turning the bouses into homes
lor negroes. He asserted that the prejudice
against mm. rae*-JHxU&_ oven in favor of the
success of Its scheme, for the negroes, whatever
ei£e might be said against them, paid their
rents well. This was a necessity In their case,
for to be turned out of doors was a. serious mat
ter, because at the difficulty of securing shelter
elsewhere. He thought the methods of his
company would make the proximity of 'he
homes of negroes lees obnoxious to the whites,
as. among other things, it would not tolerate the
leafing of negroes about the entrances of its
buildings. The negroes." --'i he. "are not so
likely to take offence at an order of that sort
from another negro as they would from a white
A visitor to the offices of the Afro-American
Eealcy -any. in the Boreel Building, No. 113
Broadway, will find choice carpets, shining
aahog&cy furniture, walls •with a green cover
tag of refreshing shade and pictures which give
the offices the appearance cf those of a firm of
rich corporation lawyers. The only Indication
el the rate of the occupants, aside from them
■eivef, are two pictures, one on either side of
largest of the suite of four rooms. They are
• del engraving of slaves seeking refuge In the
DbbHu Swamp and a portrait of Booker T.
T«shir.L- ._ These are intended to symbolise
the possibility of development of the negro race.
A student of local social conditions «aid the
other day regEJdmg the negro in this city: "Op
pomr. fcr th« colored people are being r»-
Riictefi constantly. Practically the only em
ployneEU tor the better class now open are
tfcost cf porters and operators of elevators. The
Mgra is regarded as untrustworthy, the whites
Mag generally steadier. The negro has not the
«kt.9 degree of persistence and Is not capable of
•» high grade •work. New-York's colored
population has been both small and thrifty.
colcr.y •!■ low getting larger and less thrifty.
Colored pees - b are not prone to ask for charity.
Tliey are ot.'lged to pay from 10 to 15 per cent
higher rents than whites. This Is due to the fact
thai they ere not as good tenants. They are
tot sanitary, and allow the property which they
•ocuj»7 to nn down. For this reason tenement
hoiaei are not opened to negro occupation Until
o>ey h&v» ceased to be profitable as homes for
*fcttea. and hava run down to such an extent
••* !; la hcrdJy worth while to put them In
•■••agalr. for the whites."
**• negro in New -York Is limited In his «f
*«t3 to secure c living almost to the oecupa
"■■» la which are paid the smallest wages.
*be regro who would rise in one of the profea
*■>• oar. expect do employment from the white
&»K3Eors of capital. This accounts for the
■•ii nMfes* ... the professions. Of males, ac
*&yr to the last census, there are only 704
*'<i» professions in Near-York. Of these 251
■» actors aid showmen. 13 are artists, 80
£ie S7»cn, IS ..-ca Iclaa*a. 25 dentists, 7 civil
*£85seers and ?urv< yors, 7 journalists, 20 law
*■*■ 8 literary -•'> lent: fie persons, 192 mu
"feiafia ■ i teeners of music. 9 government of
*•**!•. 22 pa. sicioas and cruggitstis, and 32
te achers and irofesiors In colleges. Those en
s*k*2 ii dome tic and personal occupations are
Jenitorr. of whom there are MR; un
c-***ifledc-***ifled iaiioiers, of whom there are many
' 0B Wiicreißen. I.hi t >tal number" being C.445. and
"■"■ at* and "walte.s, of whom there are 0.078.
'*•*» ar« 107 watchmen, policemen and firemen.
*•• colored men are bankers and brokers, 409
•• clerks and copyist?, 1.320 are draymen,
k^taaai tad teamsters: 610 hostlers. 328 mes
•"•>» and office boys, 11 newspaper carriers
■•*£ newsboys. 2.104 porter* and helpers. 11
* r **t railway employes, 15 undertakers, 220
and firemen (nut locomotive), and
& painters, glazier* and varnlshers. Of the
£*8 candle, aoap and tallow makers In the city.
•** negroes, the only instance where the
Ts *iority employed in an occupation are of the
Glared race. It may surprise some to know
**>« of 20.535 printers, lithographers and prcss
ft * a » only Gl are negroes. Several of these are
IMi ract. ths offices of "The Colored Ameri
< 20,tfit5 irinters, lithographei-* and press
•bly 51 ar* negroes. Several of these are
*y*4 In tfc i omces of "The Colored Amerl
ca tfACacln*, • one of tile principal pubUca
6* °* tbt cclored. no* to th» country, mmd
—————___ ' :-"' ; ' • * • •#'-"•■ i :
"The*sy «w-York-Age. H the chief negro newspa
per In the city. Notwithstanding the negro's
reputation for handlness with a razor, there are
only 212 colored barbers "in the city.
The opportunity of the colored woman for sup
porting herself is much more restricted than
that of the male portion of her race. Practi
cally the negresses are confined to the occupa
tions of laundress, servant, waitress and s dr^H*
maker. AH. told, there are only fifty-two negro
women employed In offlcta In the. c*y,*and .of
these a number are In colored offices.^
Of the 270 negresses In profession^, 75 are
actresses, 7 artists and teachers of art, «
"clergymen." 1 a Journalist, 71 musicians and 87
teachers. In domestic service the total number
employed Is 13.542 L Of these 3.09S are laun
dresses and 9,736 are servants* and waitresses.'
Eleven of the women are watchmen, policemen
and firemen, one Is described as a drayman, and
273 are nurses and mid wives/ There are 797
colored dressmakers and 245 seamstresses.
Among' the negro business and financial enter
prises in this city are a building*- a/id loan as
sociation, which has been in operation for nearly
twelve years, and pays 6 per cent .dividends ; a
national realty company, eight printing offices, a
van company, several catering companies, a
manufacturing business said to be patronized by
several of the large retail drygoods dealers of
the city, and two largo undertaking establish
ments, one of which Is said to do a business- of
$50,000 a year. It is asserted that negroes pay
taxes on property In New- York City valued at
$3,000,000. A company which the negroes are
•organizing is a steamship line to Liberia. The
promoters declare that ©wing to their color they
are In a position to secure rubber and coffee con- -
cessions in Liberia on better terms than whita
ga recently by New- York negroes, and to be rented to negro tenants only. The former white tenants have been turned out.
men. which will for this reason prove more than
ordinarily remunerative.
Politically, barring a few Democratic offce
holders and their followers. It Is said that all
the negroes are Republicans. In local elections,
according to one district leader, about 10 per
cent vote for Democratic nominees, but In the
national elections they are almost solidly Re
publican. Besides their connection with the
regular Republican organizations of their dis
tricts, the negroes of New-York and Kings
Counties have county orsani7atlons of their
own. The leader of the New-York County or
ganization, Charles W. Anderson, is a member
of the State committee.
The newspaper published for the negroes has
tome efaanctsaiatlea whldl distinguish it from
the newspaper usually ween in the <Jty by the
white man. Like a country weakly, It is made
up of Items rhiefly relati ' to the mov
and social affairs of its MM It is
better written, however, then most nnl
lies. Some of the enta one v,ould
never see in a paper published for any oth^r
race. One Is headed in lar,,e tyr*-: "Won-lerful
Discovery— Curly Hair Mude Straight." Pic
tures showing the a; ' pwsoaa before
and after treatment , v -, ompany the
Another reads: "A Wor.(' rlul Face i-
A "Marvelous Medium and Trance Clairvoyant"
idvertises himself as 'Thu Colored I
Friend," who can make people "Rich, happy
and successful in all their undertakings," and
who possesses "the secret of winning the affsc
tiona of the Sppoatta s«-x." AlWfheT clairvoyant
says she understands "Bpells and evil influ
ences" and "cures all mysterious diseases which
others do not understand." One undertaker,
who Is a colored clergymu_i. advertises that his
services can be had at any hour of the day or
night for sickness, funerals, preaching and rnar
i ssfjea.
The leading negroes of the»clty feel that the
only way the negroes can attain to th« position
in the community to which they aspire is by
standing together, as they do not now assist
each other by their patronage. They say. also,
they must make their rellglor* more practical
and lass sentimental.
'''TOy TAGGAfiT.
Anecdotes About the Democratic
National Chairman.
Indianapolis, An* 12.-*-Everybody here has a story
3R*pJX about " Tom " Ta fsa« since his elevation to
the "Democratic National Committee chairmanship
When .TatJsrartJ was in St. Louis attending the na
tlonal convention ha made- his headquarters at the
Jefferson Hotel. The. passenger elevators were
Jammed at almost all hours of the day and night.
On 'one occasion It was necessary that he should
do some work at once in # his room en the sixth
floor, and with the scores^, persons flffhtlng to '*et
into the elevators the prospect of getting upstairs
without walking, was not rood. Taeeart »oon
solved the uuzz!e. (# . *
"Come on with me to the fr*Uht elevator." he
said to Albert F. Zearlns, his secretary
"Can't let you4n here." said the freight elevator
conductor. "You must go to the passenger ele
vator." ■ '-—%*•.■ , '
"But the? hotfel -help, rides on this elevator," pro
tested JTaggart, a look of sweet Innocence mantling
it the hotel help rides on this elevator," pro
l Tagjrnrt. a look of sweet innocence mantling
his face. J * »
".Yes. but" broke In the conductor,
"Weft.*; said Taggart? "I am the new' steward
and. this (pointing- to Zearing) is the butcher. Now.
J move up."
The conductor "moved." , "• J*
Taggart Is a li.^ht lingerer! Individual, and might
have' made a great pickpocket if he had turned his
attention In that direction. But he devotes -Ms
talents as a "con artist" to depriving his friends
of their tie pins, watches and the like, and return
t Ing the articles after the victims have been kept
In hot water long enough to satisfy his sense of
',th» humorous.
One day Andrew M. Sweeney, president . of th«
Indianapolis School Board, and a clone friend of
TajTjpirt. was Idling away a few hours with Tagf
gart and several other acquaintances at the Grand
Hotel her*. While they were talking Taggart
made a move as If to brush Sweeney's coat, anil
In the operation extracted his diamond pin. It wan
a dull afternoon, anil after a while Taggart buk-
Kested to half a dozen of his friends. Including
Sweeney, that they take a trip out to Fair-view
Park, a summer resort on an electric line about
four miles out of the city. They boarded a trolley
car and In due tim« reached the park.. Tfiggaxt
then eugrse-led that they walk over to a leafy nook
on the further side of the grounds.
Arriving there, Taggart assembled the crowd
close around him, and In a crave manner began to
address the astonished Mr. Sweeney.
"Mr. Sweeney," he said, "we have long been your
friends, and you have been so kind to us and have
assisted each and all of us in so many ways that
we fcf.l under deep obligations to you. We have
therefore chosen this occasion and adopted this
method of testifying our di-ep gratitude toward you.
I am commissioned, Mr. Sweeney by these gentle
men whom you see about you ' to make you a slight
present as a testimonial of our regard. What I am
about to present to you Is not worth much in dollars
and cents, but wo desire that you shall value it by
the spirit in which It is offered, rather than by the
value of the gift."
By thia time there was moisture in the eye* of
Mr. Sweeney.
"I now present to ; ci our. gift," said Taggart,
bowing- and handing to him his own tls pin. which
ha had never missed.
It Is not an easy matter to "smoke out" Taggart
as to his preferences among- Democrats who are
candidates for nominations. In one Marlon County
campaign the wood*, were full of doctors who
wanted the nomination for coroner. All of them
wondered whom "Tom" would favor, but there waa
only one—a, dapper young sawbones— who had the
nerve to ask him.
■•Mr. Taggart." he said, "I nave come all th«
way down to your office to ask whom you favor
for the nomination for coroner. I do not^ like to go
ahead without knowing where I stand."
Taggart slapped him on the back and called in
his most winsome manner.
■l:; tell you one thine," he said. "V'"' are no
worse off than you wers."
During Taggart's second campaign tar the Mayor
alty h« promised the homesopaths a place on the
city board of health In the event of his election
U* reosived their support, but srh*a jh» appoHU
: first jfiffliffltt exhibit
Co-morrow ana thereafter we m display la our esta&Hs&iacnt the
'■■•; ' finest and Most bountiful range of
Cttglisb and Scotch autumn tUoo!ens
Tim in the flew as well as in quality. Orders solicited 10 ' ! Blare delfotry.
Our Custom Shirt Department
also displays the eery choicest shintags for the coming season^-;
Yon are <ord!any united to Inspect the west elegantly appointed
and thoroughly organized tailoring plant in this country.
Burnbam $ Phil jps,
119 $ 121 nassau Street. .
ments,were announced It was discovered that there
was no homo?opath . on the board. £
A committee waited on- him in a rebellious mood
to' demand an explanation.
, "Did I* promise the homceopaths-a place on the
Board of -Health T* asked Mr Tagsart. , .^ .*/."■ .:■
"You certainly did." retorted the spokesman.
•'Then, you go back and tell them that" 'Tom'
Taggart Is a liar." answered the Mayor, and" the
committee went away laughing. < \'^ v ,
Ta»ftjart was always successful in arranging 1 noy^-
eltits In the way of political demonstrations and
parades. On one such occasion there was a float
bearing a bis. hollow sycamore lac with knot
holes in it and Democrats sticking their heads out
at every knothole. There was a sign on the log
which read:
i The Wutxis Are Full of Democrats. !
"Joe" Ruilly. secretary of the Democratic State
Committee, said, tin* other day:
Way back in is", when Taggart was working
for v railroad restaurant in Oiurett. lml , he re
ceived ordiTw to come to Inuinr.apoils and work In
.-!. restaurant then ttted at the Union Station.
An old Irish woman, a cook In the Oarrett estab
lishment, was to come on to Indianapolis, also.
It -was in the fail of tho year when Tagsart
anil the old Irish woman started for Indianapolis.
They took a in,;: train. It was pohi. and the car
vus poorly heated. The old woman became ohlll«d
and ill from the old. and Ton then 11 husky young
fellow, Insisted that she wear his coat. It would
keep her warm, and h« did not m-ed it anyway,
he assured her. lit* couldn't feel the cold a bit.
When ' ■•■'■ entered the restaurant at luill
»n«ii. next morning T^i?K:irt was in hi 3 shirt
sleeves, and the old woman o;«ne behind, wear-
Ing his cout. That was .us llrst Introduction to
They worked In the restaurant together for
several yearj. Thrn Taggart opened a place of
his own, and later went intu the hotel business.
Then he came out for office.
One day, wh-n ho was out electioneering, the
old woman tiled him into the restaurant where
sho was working and said 10 him: "Tom, I'll
never forget the night you made dm wear your
coat. Now you nre running for office, and will
need a little money. Here, tako this— it's all I
bnve. but you're welcome to It," and before Tas
gaxt knew what the old woman was doing sho
End placed a bijj roll of bills in his hand. Ha had
to argue with her a lonjj time before convincing
her that he did not need the money and would
not accept It.
Taggart has always been fond of helping drink
victims to get started in the straight and narrow
path. One day a certain Irishman, who had been
respectable in his former days, entered the May
or's office.
"I am sick and out at work" i;e begun.
"Tes, and you're drunk." Interrupted Taggart.
"If you will give me three dollars to buy a pair
of shoes. I'll never drink another drop In my life."
pleaded the unfortunate wretch.
"I"li tell you what I'll do." said Tag part. "I'll
send out a a', get the shoes for you. If I ft;.-, you
the .money, you would so and get more whiskey.
I'll Kive you the shoes on condition that if you
get drunk you are to bring them back to me."
Tiaggart saw no more of "Pat" for two months.
Finally he showed up at the office, drunk as x
lord. Under his arm was a package, carefully
wrapped in a newspaper. He unfolded the n«ws
slowly and laid at the wondering Mayor's
feet Of pair of shoes. "I told you that I would
bring them back, and I did." was all that "Pat"
Francis Ferdinand a Much Misrep
resented and yjaligned Prince.
Next Thursday the Emperor of Austria 'will
enter upon his seventy-fifth year. and. al
though he still remains astonishingly vigorous
and alert, yet In the ordinary course of nature
the close of his long reign cannot b« regarded
as otherwise than near at hand. This Is an
event which Is regarded with a considerable
amount of apprehension. For writers, politi
cians and even statesmen of international repu
tation have so frequently predicted that Francis
Joseph's death would be followed by a break-up
of his empire that to-day widespread belief Is
accorded to the prophecy. To a great extent
the latter is based upon the unpopularity of the
heir apparent. Archduke Francis Ferdinand.
That this unpopularity exists cannot be denied.
Whether It Is Justified Is another matter. For
there are few princes of the blood In Europe,
and certainly none close to the throne. concern-
Ins; whom so much Ignorance and misconception
Btorles have been widely circulated to the ef
fect that he ts Ignorant, bigoted, arrogant and
dissolute, with Ideas on the subject of sov
ereignty that savor of mediaeval times rather
than of the present day. Many of the most
glaring shortcomings of his exceedingly wild
brother Otto have been ascribed to him. M. de
Blowlts gavo publicity In "The London Times"
to a tale to the effect that In a drunken freak
he had stopped a peasant funeral near Prague
and amused himself by leaping his horse half a
dosen times over the bier, a calumny afterward
repeated in the Parliament at Budapest, and
for which there was net a shadow of founda
tion; and even persons at court at Vienna will
relate as an Illustration of his lack of cu!mr»
that when he attained manhood and became as
much his own master as a member of any of
the reigning houses of Europe can ever hope to
be he made a bonfire of all his bonks
Now. Francis Ferdinand In no way merits the
reputation with which he has been endowed by
all this malevolent gossip, the circulation of
which has been fostered by the circumstance
that he Is of a rather shy and retiring disposi
tion, does not make friends easily, and ts but
little known, save in an official way. Far from
being the arrogant fool that he has been por
trayed, he Is not merely a well read man, but
also an author, among the works which he haj
produced being an entertaining book vr.>
describing his two years' tour around the world.
Including his visit to America, several graceful
monographs, notaoly or.c nt the celebrated Field
Marshal Radetzky. remarkable by reason of the
high souled patriotism apparent in every line of
his essay, and two volumes of extremely pretty
Alpine poetry.
Like most of hts countrymen, he ts devoted to
music, and is something of a composer, having
put upon paper for the first time several of
those old Styrlan melodies which until then had
never been written, but merely handed down
from father to so:: I aroughout the ages. The
archduke, also an engineer by profession. Is.
bo far as I am aware, the only prince of the
blood who has secured his diploma as such, and
he enjoys nothing so much as driving the loco
motive of an express train. He is an expert la
machinery, of an inventive turn of mind, suf
ficiently so indeed to have earned for himself a
handsome competence, if not a fortune, had bo
not In his own right been one of the wealthiest
princes of the Old World. He is recognlxed as
one of the be*t sporting shots of the Austro-
Hungarlan empire, is an adept in the sciences) of
■oology and of natural history, and. last but not
least, la a thorough soldier, having everything
connected with his profession as such at his fin
gers' ends.
Add to this the fact that his life has been ;
singularly free from scandal, and that the on«
romance of his existence has been his Infatua- :
tion for Countess Sophie Chotek. whom he per- j
sisted In marrying In spite of all the obstacles j
placed In the way of the match, and you have j
before you a man of considerable individuality I
and character, who. when he succeeds to the (
throne of his uncle, will prove a considerable sur- j
prise to the public, which has until now always |
been disposed to look upon him as one of those
whom the late Prince Bismarck was wont to
designate so contemptuously as "Austria* idict
In some respects Francis Ferdinand Is a man
of much stronger character than the Emperor. :
for. whereas the latter is pliable and can be ,
brought by persuasion or by mere weariness to
yield and to accord his consent to measures of ;
which he at heart disapproves, the archduke ob
stinately refuses to give way. He is rather
slow and deliberate about taking up his position
in a controversy, but once he has assumed it. j
nothing can Induce him to budge therefrom. He j
is set In his ideas, which are only reached after j
mature consideration: and. while his prejudices j
are strongly developed, they are neither numer- ,
ous nor all of them reactionary. But Inasmuch j
as they are certain to Influence his policy when |
he succeeds to the throne they are deserving of
a brief mention.
A devout Roman Catholic, he Is disposed to
frown upon those endeavors which are being
made to curtail the powers of the Church In
connection with primary euucatlon and to ban
ish everything pertaining to religion from ail |
public schools. Then, too. he makes no secret of j
his disapproval of the extensive concessions
made to Hungary In the way of autonomy at the
expense of the other moieties of the empire, tak
ing the ground that the latter as a whole has
been weakened by the policy of federation In
stituted in his uncle's reign. Finally, he does
not conceal his distaste for the alliance with ;
Italy. His antagonism toward the latter is :
based upon the traditional enmity of the Italians
for everything pertaining to Austria, and which
find* expression not only among the masses but
also among ths das***, aa4 ere* la th« hi«h«st
A L GIST 14, 190^.
White Waists
Women's White Lawn Shirt .Waists, elab
orately trimmed with embroidery; also.
Women's White Madras Skirt Waists, mercer
ized stripes—
98 ••
Women's fine White Lawn Shirt WcdsU*
tucked and trimmed with insertions of em
broidery; also, Women's White Pique Skirt
"-■' '(.50
Women's White Lawn $*»$. Waists,
trimmed with lace or embromm^ alsa in. :
white Linens, Piques, C ' rashes TffMadrm*~
s nn
Women's Imported Madras Shirt Wats: i
stripes and figures. — beautiful new good*—
made especially for this house—
$ 2.98
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political and official circles throughout the psn
That the House of Savoy should have deprived
the imperial family of Hapsburg of the thrones
and of the vast landed possessions which It for
merly owned in Italy, and should have con
fiscated the temporalities of the Papacy, are not
the motives of the archduke's aversion to Italy,
but merely contributory thereto. If he regards
the alliance with Italy as a mere sham, not
worth the paper on which it is written, and
King Victor Emmanuel's subjects as the most
irreconcilable of the foes of Austria, It is be
cause he knows full well that every patriotic
Italian is imbued with the determination to adi
sooner or later to "United Italy" those portions
of the empire of Francis Joseph where Italian is
the language spoken, and which are never re
ferred to in the dominions of Victor Emmanuel
otherwise than by the expressive name of "Italia
Irredenta"— that Is to say, "Unredeemed Italy."
Nor Is Archduke Ferdinand to be blamed for
taking this view of the Tvorthlessness of. tha
alliance between Austria and Italy. For within
the last twelve months public demonstrations
against Austria, unchecked by the Roman gov
ernment, have taken place in all the leading:
cities of Italy, manifestations which tea** as
sumed the form of hostile gathegjng* ii t t o.;
the various Austrian consulates and of the em
bassies, hooting Francis Joseph with the cry of
"Down with the Emperor"' "Death to Austria:"
"Viva Oberdar:k:" (a man hanged for attempt
ing to assassinate Francis Joseph in ISS2) while
In* many places Austrian flags have been dragged
in the mud and solemnly burned to cries of
"Viva Italia Irredenta!"
At Ferrara a member of tha Cabinet, M.
Galimberti. Minister of Public W irks, took part
in ceremonies destined to commemorate the
execution by the Austrians ttity years a_
three Italian conspirators against the Austrian
rule in Northern Italy, the statesman Laying a
magnificent wreath on the tombs
"patriots in the name ot the King and .
government," while in the Chamber of Deputies,
an opponent of the adminisfation having re
ferred in the discussion of the naval estimates
to the ignominious defeat of the Italian fleet by
Austria at the battle of Lissa, the Minister of
Marine replied textuaily that "for thirty-six
years our government has been preparing to
wipe out that disgrace, and is now ready for the
test "
At the present moment the General Staff of
the Italian army is devoting itself to a most
elaborate Inspection of all the Italian defences
along the Austrian frontier, and enormous sums
of money are being spent in fortifying the shores
of the Adriatic against any flank attack by Aus
tria, while all the garrisons in the northern part
of the kingdom are being strengthened In a
manner that Is certainly not indicative of any
good will and friendship for Austria. Is it as
tonishing, therefore, that Archduke Francis
Ferdinand should distrust Italy as an ally and
manifest a disposition to lean rather toward St.
Petersburg than Rome?
While Francis Ferdinand is undoubtedly un
popular In Hungary, he Is a favorite in Bo
hemia, where he speeds a considerable portion
of the year and where he owns Immense estates.
He is liked not only by the masses, on account
of his unaffected and kindly disposition and his
generosity, but also by the classes, who appro- _
elate the fact that he has chosen one of the
daughters of the Bohemian aristocracy for his
wife, and who credit him with the opinion that
the ancient kingdom of St. Wenceslaus has been
neglected for the sake of Hungary, and that the
Czechs are entitled to just the same treatment
by Austria as the Magyars. This »■ probably
true. For it is well known that the arcaduks. in
expressing his disapproval of all the concessions
in the way of self-government granted to Hun
gary, argued that the latter was not entitled to
any different treatment than Bohemia and other
portions of the empire.
It is just as well to explain this, as the con
stant references that are being made In the
national legislature at Budapest to the mar
riage of the archduke might eoavey the impres
sion that the questions raised there as to the
status cf his consort were dictated by regard
for him and by good will, instead of merely by
a desire to embarrass the government. Th»
marriage of the archduke, which was contracted
In Austria, was of a morganatic character, his
bride being Countess Chotek. who was formerly
one of the ladies-in-waiting of Archduchess Isa
bella. Previous to the wedding the archduke
renounced all rights of succession to the throne
of Hungary for the children born to the
union, and at the same time took a solemn oath
never to raise his consort to the rank of em
press, or to confer upon her sovereign honors,
after his accession to the crown.
Morganatic marriages are not recognized as
su'h. but only as ordinary matrimonial al
liances, in Hungary, where the law likewise de
bars father and mother from renouncing or
alienating any rights of their children. On these
grounds, the point is constantly being made m
the parliament at Budapest that when the
archduke succeeds his uncle as Emperor of Aus
tria and King cf Hungary his. morganatic con
scrt. who now bears the n.abijiary title of Prin
cess Hohenberg. will become Queen of Hungary.
and her children in consequence thereof «&titl«d
•_ QMttnwd «a toot* p*«*.

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