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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 14, 1904, Image 48

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1904-08-14/ed-1/seq-48/

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Ite .!#-an-up in riaim No. 6. B iorado Creek. OWTU'd ty Clarence Berry, who is shovelling out the gold. Mrs. B«-rry and tier sister bold the pin* <m th<» bank of tbo sftsteewajy.
Obstacle* Encountered in Effort to
Put It Underground.
Now -Or lea-us is emerging from the most un
usual condition*- against which i great ci* ever
Struggled to maintain the health of its ::.L..bi
tantJi. It would i/e hard to find in the United
States i villas* i>rt-teniiou3 enough to Haunt its
first rorpomtion garmt-nta that do<-s not bold
more <luims to sa.nita.tion than docs New-Or-
Ira.v.- She has n^ver bad sewers! The drainage
of the city has* bt^en entirely above ground, in
open gutters. Broad canals Intersect the city
at intervals, ar.i the liquid of the gutters finds
its way to the**- canals, and eventually to Lake
Pontchartrain on the north. In a few of the
finest residence streets these canals are covered.
Elsewhere they are open, cr covered only with a
natural accumulation of green slime. The gut
ters are all open, and into them empty the
kitchen, bath, laundry and other liquid house
hold wastes. The city being level, thi.i wast*
stands until flushed along by rains or from
hydrants. New-Orleans gutters do not run;
they scarcely walk'
On the "American" side of Canada*, the
housewife simply ignores the existence of the
cutters. In the densely populated "French**
side, madame is accustomed to regard her cut
ter as a necessary part of her household rou
tine. Madame, if she is poor. or. if she Is rich,
madame servant, finishes her dally duties by
bringing out her broom and pushing the gutter
accumulation on to "the next." She then gives
the sidewalk a thorough scrubbing with the
gutter water, and the children sail boats, wade
and otherwise disport themselves in it. as chil
dren will, be their "river of delight" a pure
country stream or a sewer.
Bat New-Orleans is now engaged In potting
In a complete sewerage system, and she also has
a filtering system under construction that will
give an absolutely pure water supply. By the
end of Ml when it is expected to have the
sewer, water and drainage systems completed,
New-Orleans will have expended $18,500,000 on
these improvements.
It was a long, hard political struggle on the
part of the progressive citizens of New-Orleans
to make these Improvements possible, and there
Is much doubt yet about their utility. The
French quarter, crowded with every known na
tionality, is like a foreign city. Many persons
imagine that sewers and underground drainage
will poison the ground and make them all sick.
Madame is suspicious of sewers. .
"IX I don't see it go out of the house how will
I know It Is out?"
"It will stay in the pipes and kill us ah."
•Ton can't get a broom into the pipes to sweep
It alone"
Such remarks are common in the French
There are many difficult engineering problems
connected with the work. The soil is formed by
deposits of silt, and this saturated, plastic soil
has very limited bearing powers. Cypress piles
have to be driven to a depth of from forty to
seventy feet to make a solid foundation for
nearly the entire length of the drainage canals.
In several places, m excavating, the great
•tamps of a bygone forest of giant cypress trees
were encountered, which added enormously to
the expense and caused great delay.-
Tearing out the water hyacinths has presented
another difficulty in turning the open canals into
underground sewers. Many years ago a South
ern man travelling in Japan was much Im
pressed with the beauty of the writer hyacinths
found in Japanese fountains. He took one to
New-Orleans and panted it in the fountain in
his yard. It found congenial conditions and
soon choked up the fountain. The Southerner
became tired of the trouble of keeping down its
New-Yorkers "kick" when traffic is confined to one side of a thoroushfare by subway .-x a.utJon.
but many of the streets of New-Orleans are so narrow that the Berk of lavir.jr the new sewer
system blocks them from curb to •-•urU-
exuberant growth, and. tearing It out. threw It
Into an open canaL It took root, grew and
spread, from one canal to another, choking
them and the natural waterways. The govern
ment has spent millions to era ii' ate the result
of this one thoughtless aof ton. without success.
The narrowness of many of the streets of
New-Orleans is another great hindrance to the
work. A pile driver or the dncJj;e blocks all
traffic on many of the Btsaeta for vehicles, as
the machine comrUtely fills the street from curb
to curb.
Hardship No Longer Inevitable for
Hardship la no longer a necessary accompani
ment of owning and working a mine in th«j
Klondike. Certain holders of rich claims c^
Bonanza and Eldorado creeks, on which, wrero
made the "strikes" that startled the world i
few yean ago, have worked out a system o*
gathering their golden diviJemls which involves
little more than an enjoyable summer outins. It
•3 aa e-asy aa soing to the racs, only the Klon
dlfccr brir.z* bark the gold. It is hardly n:or-»
trouble than clipping coupons from gllt-etlgtti
These owners of bonanza claims spend i':»
winter in "the States." California claiming mo?t
rt them. In V.'.<> spring they make up a party of
friends or re'.ativv?. and by easy stages go in t.>
Dawson for the "clean-up." Large ocean steam
ers carry them to Skagway, and the White Fa. -s
and Yukon Railway spans the gap to White
Horse Rapids, where river atearr.ere are waiting,
and in two or three daya they scurry down t' '
Yukon to Dawson.
The cabins on the creeks have been cKv.i.r<
and well stocked against the coming of tin
mm • and Mi party. When he arrives ths
■water is turned into the huge sluices and t li *
work of washing out the gravel mined during
the winter begins. The women of the party
spend hours alongside the stule for gathering
the Yukon gold has a peculiar fascination. If
they tire of this novelty there are stages to tak-?
them into Dawson for a ball or an evening at
the theatre.
"I had the time of my life." d-r-rlared a youna
woman who went in for the '•■!• .i.-up' last yej:\
"and I'm going again next year. I was in Da*
son just four weeks, ami I attended fourU-ti?
balls. Half the men I met were college grad
uates, and all wore evening clothes, even tv
dinner parties. No dress in a woman's ward
robe is too fine for Hue sen, but even a fright at
a ■woman is sure of a good time, for the mtn are
in such majority.
"The emM striking celebration which occurred
in the course of my visit was the trip to th."
Dome, a great hill back of Pawson, on June 21,
the longest day of the year. The sun is in view
for twenty-four hours from the Dome, while in
the Yukon Valley it disappears for a couple of
hours. More than a thousand of us made the
trip to bask, in midnight sunshine."
The "ciean-up" takes three or four weeks, and
when it is over the rji Id in small sacks i.*
hauled into Daws. in. The owner pays the crown
royalty to the authorities, settles with tils em
ployes and expresses the rest to his bank in San
Francisco or Seattle. He has the choice of two
routes horne — the way he came, or do-.vn the
Yukon to Bering Sea and thence to the St,;tes
by a lens; ocean voyage. Either way there ia
absolute comfort.
Such is the evolution of the gold camp that
once suffered famine ;in>i scurvy, an.l to which
relief was sent by dog teams over the frozen
snow fields. Dawson now boasts electric
lights, automobiles, and no less than nineteen
hundred bicycles. It is a3 gay socially In winter
as In summer, when the "clean-up" crowd an
pears to make things lively.

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