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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, September 25, 1904, Image 17

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PART il.
TEN PAGES.
HE REPUBLICAN CANDIDATE FOR GOVERNOR.
OGBL.T REGARDED IN BIS HOME CITY OF 'OLEAN—
CUAKACTEKISTICS AS A PUBLIC OFFICIAL.
_^ any pcofi thing come out of dean?"
T^ the «v the people of Rochester and
?Z.Z express 'themselves about Olean. N. T.
* Br *JJL.. to the citizen:, of the la« named
* ceCrfl l pv point to Frank Way land ie; «-
Sr«TB«SWWteM ca.id.late for Governor.
Jf-clal" ••Vo.<=:- And then they add with
STSSeitJ « Sew-TOTk thou-nt about
f.^lTr t Gover n ..r ill-- ES» as tho Republic,
SSScraS of Oloan &O. ho v.ouU te elected
SS Gorernor of the State -.most unar.i-
L" The , vi , ... the -„; : rriMOt Oteancan
bim is that, rfcHe he hi »«• worthy
T£*i ft- cfcmmbe* '■■ •'■', State
m"-' 411 «T. fOT the .ak. of the malnten-
PJ- ren.o, ratic docttlr.es they ousht to vote
TtiM opponent Brery la Oloan agrees
St . • ratI °
SSr of O>an fc ald tta »il,r day. He is a
m n, from the SO* Of bK *«. to th. top
jnJ«" - or. as another clean man put
S. -^.ghbor.
* . ii a Mm For two years, is to
Clear have »D«4M»J iSSI. but
*rrfirm tms charactenraoun. *»
ff£rtv*. He ba. a Ml* ■«*. « honor. He
ier Stowi his «allb or Ms poUtlca^ Buccesse.
Bttaaa. H. never suffers from a big head
Sine never put, <» ary of the ostentation of
1 he will wave his hand. He is especially
irteou. to women resarfll— of thetr station
fclKe :t !* »*la taa* ht> <rffl not I: ' l8S ° n t
3-et one of the Ber\a::t9 of his home or the
~^tfl "mammy" who may h«\e done some
-rtfor him. «nich a« cleaning; his ofiice. v. ith-
Lrtis&J-K - lis hat - HP pivt>s OW myicssion of
U^i person Incapable of doing anything con
*^l a lively elt, cf about 18.000 sola
jj. it i« seventy mil's southeast of Buffalo
at the confluence of the Olean Creek and the
Uieshaav Clver. It la reached most convenlent-
It tor S.w-Tork by the Erte Railroad, nnd is
Let important rtation on the Pc Vrinla
BHfra Buffalo to Harrlsburg and WuAfingUm
Blcatht P) - • • Bhawmut und Northern
Railroad. Oil vs uf the chief elements to
B»kl:.S Its devel pment. It «-s In the r.orthem
«d cf the oil B -'•■■ the entre of whir-h is Brad
tmi Perm The odor • t p« permeatea the air
rt.otth.eity. Along the calleya. scatt«*« Hke
tasA bbbj hundreds of th« Standard
011 oD»»any« r'-.raso M tanks. F. .rests of oil
eerrlcks clothe the hillsides anfl th« Itops.
Unei cf pipe connecting! each well with one of
the «toraß<? tanks run over the countryei-ic like
ssn»ny«trand« of a. giant cobweb. The Htand
arfl 01! C3o«npany ha* ■ i>rce pamplag station
there. The name of the city ttmStt has the favor
ef oil. it being so nair»J. it Is taSO, beoanssj oil
Inthis Immon tv Id waa Brat discover.-d nt-»r Urn
place. Ben a hundred ftmn ago cs Hamilton.
th» namf- was dunged oil was f^urid to
Olean. Bwidea the i II Industry there are *•*'
cnl tanner:"!', Including Rome o-xned by th
ts«ite States Leather ■ aßy.and the shops
ere* penr.'rlT-.rrs RaTTrtSail
Usetsaant G<v.:.»r Hlgstn«*s home 1* one
of th« MM bwmtlfol la Olean. It is a large
whit* house, Colonial m d^ign. It frcr.ts on a
little park, en the otfc*--r side of which stands
the C:ty Hall sal SSSti (Bee and the Masonic
Temple, in which Is one of ale Boor stores and
iiiß ofSce. About the hou-=e hi spread a fresh
grr«r ' r» absoluti nsbrokea by any f.ower
befis. It If as smosth as a ?.oor, a:.d kept close
ly clipped. A heilpe of shrubs of gariom heights
er.ii varfetla partly h^i^n the lawn from the
rtrf-et. In the rear are tnree dif*erent gardens.
One is strictly utilitarian. It if a vegetable «ar
itn. wKh a rejmtatloa of betef 'he best in the
ton p.. . ■ ■ sr..-Pt. Directly be
hind the boose la a flower garden. A path runs
down the centra cf tir.* to a long grape arbor.
On either tide are \ ■ r .n% : shrubs, la one
corner, away Eratn the street, is v.hat Lieuttn
tat Qoveraor ttlggtnm calls nig "wild" parden.
It is « small square of BHMIIHI looking rnu h like
i section of a grove overgrown With ferns, hen
fcase an 4 wild f.ow^r* a rath winds through
It cjagcnf-Ky f n m one corntr to the opposite
tdiagor. - to th<i o]
one. Behind the par.irrs cr.l almost hidden
tram th« hOOM :s U ■ Fia!>. It Is occupied by
two black hhr;-"-.o r;-"-. which "governor" Higglns's
roencerse*, Harry, a lad of eight* -: . describes
ts an "leader*, pair." If bla characterization is
t-w, the coao'i.rnuri has tome serum for re-
Jovensttej them with '■-■ when they leave the
•able
house ttatU is roomy. ark oak abounds
<• tat n-.ain floor. Tlit-re arc high wainscots
*it Across the cr illng of the n-.ain hall are
«k beams Th» fcrnltara corresponds with
tie woodwork. The hoosa vaa bulit by Mr. Hlg
e-a. It occupies Urn site of the oM Han*r
»iawtead, in irhtefa ba lived for pr-.-eral years
More buying th* property and meting the
fttsent houee.
E Covemcr Hlsttaa is - not a native
o<* (> ui old Bane
*C * r > '• era! years
' iyln * ' od erecting the
bl not a native
«01ean. He was born nt Rashford. All"Khany
«JBty. 1I!s father was Orrin Trail HiKglr.B.
«>fln;s cnadtfctha* Dr. Timnthy Hicgtos. The
iwr, with i in tv-o brothers, went tv that part
•the eOTOtry I et< r* the Erie Caj.al was opened
JJV|* !> the region ma* yet undovoloped. The
/"' whUe of rr t -:t; c orisrln, *. a the nans would
S«!!? j- «tn ° M ° re In the rnlte<s States.
tra Hlrgir-j, th* annwrtor of he fnrr:ily In
«■ eeontry. waa bGn . ,n, n gland. He came
innouth. i! 2Se , Boon after lhe , own „a s
StolS' iKof free-
J» In 104U 16G1 ,r & ,067 be was eho Mn
i-WVu* 714 he occupied the chief office In the
ZU 1 " of Selectman, for three rears. His
jJJ**ats. a M 0 ; d nr^ »X«. "have b«n
-iT~r an ' many Cf theß « <H»tlnguished as
£ Bjl worhy «awssi ■
*»£?■* Ll * utftr -*« Governor Higgins Is said
«* v^i?? "tra<!lll«"" tra<!lll «" K « ha. often told
f h;: ■■"•!.' •■ ■ boy. A circus was
*•• sW7 Tji acco " sln « to th * itory as told
»* tntS aalB * ane «- "• Wkhe<l *ome money
1 tncj! * CoRtract wlth bl " BrandfaUjer to do
•••aTL ° f york on th 6 far '»- >'or this
„«• »*ceiv, $2. Somehow he succeed* In
v ™=. 5.:;.:-
chi* T* l *° tO blm ' «« a '^"d him Tn
rU?ht> hoy " "«« hi
2Lwt«t ir o jr ■ ch .° ol - * nd i *«» ••»«
-7^ • o^£] '« V acre « d "4
salfl. he then being nineteen years old. A young
woman from Bparta, Was., came to Rushford
about this time. When she returned westward
Hlgglns decided that he would engage In busi
ness in the Middle West. 'When he returned
home, which was three years later, he brought
her as his bride. They have threo children,
Orrln Trail, twenty-five years old. who is mar
ried and lives In Denver for the benefit of his
health; Josephine, who is about twenty years
MR lIIGOrXS'S HOSrECOMTNa AFTER THE SARATOGA CONVENTION.
Olean turned out almost to a man to greet him. Republican candidate for Governor Is grated
bareheaded in the oarrinije. Beside him !s CL S. OUT. aKUcltor of the Treasury in Cleveland's
first administration.
o!d, and F. Harrison, eighteen years old, who is
preparing for college in a Connecticut private
school.
"When he returned home he was made, mar.
ager of the extensive gn eery business of Hig
glns, Blodgett & Co., acquiring an Interest in It.
Only a remnant of the business row remains in
his poagesdon, a.-\*i to this ho payg no attention,
leaving It all to his partner. This remnant con
sists of four stores In Glean. He rarely enters
one of them. It Is said that he continues to
operate the Ftores because to close them would
work an injury to the employes. This fef-lirij; la
characteristic of his attitude toward his follow
men. The source of his wealth la large hidings
of timber and ore lands in the West. He Is at
the head of *lx corporations conducting opera
tions in Michigan, BOnoeaota, Oregon and Wash
ington. Tho telectlon of these ho! '.<:)«* ar.d tho
success of his undertaking* «re evidence of his
ability as r. i.\i«ir,cF.s man. Bfwy year he visits
the 1 sac of th-> operation of his companies. So
systematized la hi? bttglneaa that thing can go
wrong without hts fcnowl^flgf
From his boyhood Lieutenant QoVemor ITig
gins has baen interfsted in politics. I?!a In
terest, however, was not that of the ward poli
tician"for what there Is In it." It was a j.arf
ONE OF LTETTEXANT-OOVERNOR HIGGTXS'S FOUH GnOCERT STORES IN OLEA^ 1 .
of hls*nature to be Interested In things going on
about him. When only sixteen ho showed his
i 'ilitical independence by refusing: to be gulled
by his father In his political afllllatlons. His
father was .1 Democratic supporter of Qrooley.
The boy was for Grant A boy of sixteen Is not
usually considered a great political power, but
what he may have lacked in power ho made up
for by rnerjry and enthusiasm. In 1888 he was
sent to the national convention which nominated
Benjamin Harrison. "When he returned home
his father came to bin end said, "Tou have
nominated a good man for President nnd I am
going to vote for him." This was the Drat word
of politics v i.i.li had passed between the two
after th<* Urns of the Orant-Greeety campaign.
Mr. rHggins*S Introduction to public office
came to him through a trick of practical politics
which he did not understand at the time, but
which he has since learned all about. He had
won the respect of his party In the district by
his exhibition* of common sense. His use of this
quality often settled differences between fac
tions.
In 1891 the district had came tinder absolute
Democratic control. Tho Rrpublicans wore look-
Ing around the following year for a Republican
who could carry the district, und hit upon Hlg
glns. When asked if he would run he absolutely
refused. From that time he began to receive
letters from different parts of the district asking
him to permit the us© of his name for State Sen
ator. These letters became so numerous that !t
looked as if there was a spontaneous demand
for his services. He acceded gracefully to what
be afterward found was a stimulated demand.
He was the rigtit man. however, and carried the
district. For ten years he served as a State
Senator. His value to the State as the reorgan
lzer o f its finances is well known. Ills sound
business Instinct has been of great service to the
people of this commonwealth. Two years ago.
when he desired to retire from the Senate, he
was percuaded to become the candidate for lieu
tenant Governor. Every time he has been nom
inated for an office his nomination has been
made unanimously.
Those prominent in the politics of his part of
the State say that he has always stood for
clean politics. He would never permit any one
over whom be had political Influence to use
methods which were not "square."
1 A keen business man, with a broad mind and
a conscience. Is the Impression lie creates upon
a strans»r. There is something In his bearing
ana manner of speech which indicates that his
yea is yea nnd nay nay. He has been called
cclorit-ss. fJe la not colorless, but gives that
impression because he lacks contrast. He ut
ters no striking sentences and does no sensa
tional things. He does not play to the galleries,
but lo his conscience and to his common sense.
When he makes a statement upon a subject it
is baaed upon mature thought and genuine con
viction. When he says anything he means it,
and, us he does nothing hastily, he seldom has
anything 10 retract.
Those who know Frank W. Hlggins only from
having met him in the orridors of the State
Capitol are likely to call him unsympathetic.
"When he was a member of tho Senate, and was
to be setn hurrying baok and forth between his
seat in the big chamber and the room of the
I.IErTENANT-^OVERNOR tIIOGINS'6 HO3IK AT OLEAN.
ST. STEPHEN'S EPISCOPAL CHURCH, OLBATf.
Meutenant-Governor Hlgglns is one of Its vestry men and contributed largely to Its constipation.
Finance Committee, of which he was chairman,
few dared to stop him. Unless the message was
most urg'-nt, or its bearer a close personal
friend, he would scarcely pause to listen. Wheth
er before or after a session, he always seemed
too full of bvßlness to have time to talk.
On the other hand, those who were able to
obtain a closer view of the charaoter of this
man found a depth of sympathy far beyond tho
average. Here is only an Instance:
A photojjrapliT had visited the house where
Mr. Hlgglns, together with several other Sen
ators, lived In Albany, to obtain a picture of
the drawing room. In the manipulation of his
flashlight apparatus a shower of the magnesium
fell on the photographer's wrist, and on explod
ing burned deep into the flesh. The man squirmed
with pain, and yet all of the assembled Sen
ators looked at him In mute astonishment, with
the exception of the Cattaraugus jr.ember. Jump
C«ctiau«l on second par*.
COSr OF YALE FOOTBALL
Sum of $28,000 Paid Out in One
Year.
New-Haven. Sept. 24 (Special).— With the return
of the university football season, again begins,
especially at New-Haven, the annual struggle of
undergraduate managers and gnGSuate advisers to
cut down expenses. Considerable criticism, has
been directed at Yale, where the annual athletic
expenses have amounted, including all branches of
undergraduate organized sport, in recent years
close to $91,000. The last annual report of the Yale
Financial Union, which embraces the reports of
the football, baseball, crew, track athletic and
Yale Fl-?!d managements, showed an expenditure in
U. 02--03 of J28.471 for football, $14,712 for baseball.
510,167 for the crew. $9,745 for the track athletic as
sociation and tts.6oo for the maintenance of stands,
and grounds at Tale Field. These figures have'
been severely criticised for being much too high,
and there Is a strong feeling among Yale alumni
that a gxenter pnrt of the Immense income from
athletics at Yale should go toward partial support
of worthy university causes. Instead of for the per
sonal expenses of ir>err.h»>rs of the various teams
an.i their coaches. Especially is this true of foot
ball at Tale, Which concerns a larger number of
men than any other Tale sport, anil Which brings
in by far the moat money. It i? expected that this
year's V tie football aianagemeal will make a
strong effort to meet the Ideas of the alumni as to
cutting down th>» erst of football.
A few of the last audited llgures for Yale foot
ball will give an Idea of the great business »-nd
of this branch of Talc sport. No Ogmes have yet
been made up on the UOS season, For the last foot
ball year In which football exponscs have been re
ported on. the total expense of th^ season was
*£.«. 171. The total receipts were tGa>«B\ The Im
monse profit In Tale football, within a few dollars
of half the total receipts, went to nil the deficit
in track athletics, the crew and Tale Field ex
per.ses. Thia profit, of practically $28,000, was not
exceptional for the year referred to. it v.-ill be as
much, and probably a great deal more, this year,
especially as the expenses will be cut down to a
degree.
An ltemlre<l list of the Tale football expenses.
as given in the last accessible report, shows that
what cost the most are travelling, meals and hotels
when out of town: inerchandfeM and sporting g0.. 15.
training: table, clerical services 'n handling tho
enormous job of allotting ticket! to tbe big Barnes,
anil labor anil material on the gridiron, The single
largest !t 'm In tho Tale football expense account
Is hotels and meals. This annually now amounts
tr», as shown In the last report, $M 3*. Thin large
figure for less than ten weeks of tho football sea-
•on It at<rounte-l for because of the fact that more
and more substitutes, rubbers and "camp follow
ers" have been t«k. n away to out of town games
lately. Usually boom thirty men go with the team
to v. -at I'"lnt. and forty or more to H.-irvard or
Princeton or the New- Tor k Oolurnb'.a game. An
other res sob for Chit item Is that it includes the
hotel upcßKf of tht- Ottt Of town coaches, who
IWI(I thrco or four daily throughout the season,
nrnl who rim Dp tr .■» i isjen or more lust b< f >re the
nria.l games Th* Tale Me« Is that If tbe coaches
ur.' gcnerottsi enouch to take ttmc from ihfir busi
ness to help mould the eleven tbelr New-Haven
?xpenio« s:.>mlil be paid It in an Mea that is not
confined t'> Tale.
The second largest Tale, expen*. is merchandise
and football mipplie*. li Iv ing sweater., g<>o>l
ones iui'i n! !■< >i , u . footballs, leather goo An. .- h."-*
aad suits hi VM/2 this Item wus tSJBft The third
largeat it«-rn each srear Is labor and material .it
Tale Field, where a eerp* >' worawri (to be
enmlov.'d during Ibe •ea.on; (rrn-Ung. cutting the
gr;i.«s. jjiilntlnK "'« seats, repairing tht« .strm.i.s, eto.
This Item la now annually R*W Next most i-t
penalre In the tralalag table, i'hi?' .-outs at Tale
for lows than ten waeka J-.<S!. About Dfty men
use the accommodations »'■•! each pays back to the
aooclattOß, as be dO«S wh< I o\ I of town with th«
team, the exact pi •'« !:f hi itomed to ;>ny for
weekly board In teriv. tin*-. Quarantesaj froui the
ilHtc receipts nmount.-d to 12,425, i.cirt In figutes
running from $100 to MSB to the minor college
teams who played at Tale Field. Finally, among
the Mr expenses comes travelling, which amounted
to W.Ote. Tale annually goes olt of town to West
Point, and either to Cambridge or to Princeton,
and to one or more other game*. The team Is
composed of practically fifty or sixty players and
attendants each time, and good train accommoda
tions are furnished. Clerical service, stenogra
phers and typewriting cost each year $3,136.
The smaller expenses ran from nearly a thousand
dollars down to a hundred. The annual purchase
of trophies for the players coats 5954. Streetcar
fare. Including the use of from one to four special
trolley cars from the gymnasium to the field and
back again, amounted In 1902 to $321. Football
shoes and repairs of the same came to $787. The
Item of |696 for coaches expenses is regarded at
Yale as another necessary thing. This la used for
occasional railroad fares and other items. Rubbers
were paid $6SO, and Thought they ought to have
more. The police a.id gatekeepers at the big
Koines cost $638; printing, score cards, advertise
ments and buying office stationery. 1567: doctors
on the flsld and at the gymnasium and between
times. $565; referee* at the games and time keep
ers. $537; carriages for the coaches, captain and
managers out to Tale Field each practice after
noon. $507: sundries, not Itemized. $331; labor and
material at th« gymnasium for use in practice.
$ISS: rubbers' materials and bathing alci>hol. $143;
laundry. $121; bands for the big gramas and to
arouse enthusiasm at the final practice, $161; and
nuch smaller bills as telegrams and telephone*.
$63: express, freight and cartage, $17; advertising,
$75: posting hills of game*. $«•»; score board at the
Held. $S7; office rent and furuiturs, Iti, add Ugid
services, tli. »"■»•<■—_•««•«»
HOUSEKEEPING LINENS
Having purchased from a. leading manufacturer, at prices
showing a very, material reduction from wholesale figures, an
unusually fine line of
HIGH- CLASS LINENS
'which comprises Hemstitched and Embroidered Bedspreads,
Sheets, Pillow Cases, Shams, Tea Cloths, Scarfs, Centres,
Doylies, &c, will place the goods on sale to-morrow and
following days at prices that will prove specially attractive.
Also
SPECIAL LOTS OF DAMASK TABLE CLOTHS AND NAPKINS.
2 x 2 yards, - - $1,95 $2.75 $3.
2 # x 2 " . . 2.50 3.25 5.00
3x2" - - 2.95 3.95 6.50
3% x 2 " - . 3.50 5.00 7.75
Breakfast Napkins (dos.), 1.98 2.75 3.95
D.nner Napkins {doz.). 2.95 3.95 5.50
And
BEDROOM AND BATH TOWELS,
$1.20, 1.80, 3.00, 3.75, 6.G0, 12.00 per dozen.
West Twenty-third Street.
THE ETHICS OF LOOT.
Questions liaised by the Aseoli Cope
Controversy.
Public sentiment outside of Italy Is by no
means unanimous In the opinion that J. Pier
pont Morgan should comply with th*» demand
that ho should restore to the Cathedral at
Ascoli the cope which disappeared a conple of
year? ago from Its sacristy, sad which, acquired
by him in a perfectly legitimate way by pur
chase from art dealers and professional collec
tors, Is now on exhibition with other of his
treasures at the South Kensington Museum In
London. Especially in Great Britain hi there a
pronounced feeling, even among Roman Catho
lics, against any such act of restitution, since
the rope Is of English workmanship, a superb
specimen of the Opus Anglicum embroidery. so
famous in mediaeval art history, and !t Is ar
gued that as such It would be more Just thai
the vestment should remain in England than be
returned to Italy. True, the cope is known to
hare been pi— anted! by Pope Nicholas IV. some
where about A. D. 1290. to the cathedral of
his native town of Assail and to have been pre
served there ever since. But. according to
English contention, there ts nothing but spec
ulation to «how how it was allowed to lewre
Great Frltaln or how it cam* Into the hands
of holsj IV. whose Title to it my possibly
have bom much- the same as that of Mr. Mor
gan: that Is to say. he may have acquired It
In a perfectly legitimate way. by gift or pur
chase, although carried oft from England by
improper meant It »s considerations such as
these that have caused Mr. Morgan to hesitate
about complying with the demand of the Chap
ter Of the Asfolt Cathedral, supported by the
Italian government, for the restitution of the
oope. Moreover, people are by no means agreed
as to the ethics which should Influence his ac
tion In the matter, for past experience has
shown thai In the extremely rare cases when
such restitution has been made by collectors
they have revived no gratitude for their
Quixotic generosity, while there is no doubt that
if thf arguments presented on the one hand by
the Italians and on the other hand by the Eng
lish. In connection with the cope, were to be ad
mitted, and the possession of every art treas
ure and historic relic determined by Its original
ti;> palaces, museums and even churches in
Europe, as well as galleries, both public and
private. In America, would be stripped of their
most highly prized lllhlllglng*
Thus the British Museum would be obliged, SO
restore to the Greek government the famous
Parthenon marbles known by the name of the
seventh Earl of Elgin. The latter obtained them
in a perfectly legitimate way by purchase, and
kept them for a time at his home in Piccadilly,
which led the poet. Lord Byron, to satirize the
mansion in question as a
. . . general mart.
For all the mutilated blocks of art.
Later Ijord Elgin disposed of them to the
British Museum, where they have since been en
exhibition, which, far from being a. matt-r of re
gret, should, on tru» contrary, be a sub'
congratulation. For the possession of these
marbles by the British Museum has proved the
most efficacious means of preservation of SSOM
of the grandest masterpieces of the plastic art
of ancient Athens, the sculptures which were
left in their ptace at the Parthenon at the tin <-•
of the conveyance to England of those acquired
by Lord Elgin having been subjected since th«a
to the most lamentable injuries and deteriora
tion through lack of proper care and wanton
destructiveness.
The Louvre at Paris, too. would be compelled
to return to Spain the grandest masterpieces of
Murillo In existence — his great paint
ing of "The Immaculate Conception," which Is
one of the glories of France's National Museum.
Although acquired by the Louvre in a perfectly
legltimate manner— is to say. by purchase
yet it had belonged for centuries to the Hos
pital de Los Venerablles Sacerdotes at Seville,
from where It was carried off by the French
Marshal Soult when the French King Joseph
Bonaparte was on the throne of Spain. Of
course, there is a certain difference between the
loot of a soldier and the plunder of a robber.
But sometimes the distinguishing line between
the two is difficult to define, and this was es
pecially the case with all those art treasures of
which the first Napoleon and his generals de
spoiled public Institutions, royal and private
palaces and even religious edifices, not only in
times of war but in those of peace In the six
teen years that preceded the battle of Waterloo
in the second decade of the nineteenth century.
At the downfall of the first French Empire and
the occupation of Paris by the allied forces, the
latter at once took steps to resume possession
of those of their national chef d'eeuvres of art
and archeology discovered in the Tuileries. at
Fontalnebleau. at Complegne and In the public
buildings of the Gallic metropolis. But by far
the greater part of the treasures, which had
either gone to adorn the private galleries of the
Emperor's generals or had been disposed of
by them— such as, for Instance, the entire col
lection of Spanish old masters which Marshal
Scult had carried off from Madrid and other
cities of tbe Iberian peninsula— proved beyond
recovery, and subsequently f Oun a their way
liiwmgh several hands by,, means of sale, untU
SUNDAY, I
SEPTEMBER 25. 1904.
they reached their final and present destination
m the palaces and museums of countries In the
Old World— other than those to which they had
belonged In the first place— and in the galleries,
public as well ai private, of this country.
Some Of the most valuable o:d masters of
which Joseph Bonaparte had deprived the Na
tional Gallery at Madrid v,h:le King of Spain
now adorn tho walls of Aps>y House, the Lon
don residence of the iourth Duke of Wellington.
His smtdfitthar, Urn first and Iron Duka, had
captured them, together with much of the bag
gage of King Joseph, when the latter was driven
by th" English to abandon his Spanish crown
and to retreat to France, and they were for
warded to London, along with the other be
lor.ghigs of the famous British commander.
Aitrr the restoration of peace Kir.;j Ferdinand,
'.ccrn ng thai ti; • paintings In question were In
London in the possession of tha Duke of Wel
lington, requested the latter to keep them as a
token of his gratitude for his services in help
ing to place him on the throne of Spain.
Since Waterloo looting in wars between civ
ilized nations has been virtually abandoned. It
Is, however, still tolerated in conflicts with bar
barous or aemi-barbarous foes. and. indeed, laws
yet exist ur.repen! ■■■'. In England, as well as In
«r.ost oth?- monarchical countries of Europe.
vesting :r. the crown — that Is to say. in the sov
ereign—the right to all loot taken In war. It Is
only after the ar.ointei of th* Insi, -ex tU
representative, has had his pick that the re
mainder js either (fistr.cuted among the troops
or else sold at auction, and the amount realised
divided among them at a ratio proportionate to
their respective rank.
As ssest of England's wars during' the last
hundred yean have been with Asiatic and Af
rican potentates, It Is not astonishing that
fTtndsi 1 !ae It - v >•-! be filled with loot, and
tha plunder for which the sovereign has no room
there is ■tributed among the national mu
seums, that a" South Kensington coming Into
the largest share. King Edward would proba
bly fer»l hmrlflet] at the idea of accepting any
article i ( value that had been plundered from
some of his contemporary brother monarchs of
Europe — barring, perhaps, the Sultan — and I am
perfectly sure that the same prejudices would
be entertained ty his fellow rulers at Berlin,
Vienna. Reese, St I'etorsburg an. 1 . e'3evh?re
on the Gmtbtmti But, somehow or a:. other, the
potentates, of Africa and of the Orient seem to
then to be perfectly fair game, people whom It
Is quite CttrEßUan to plunder and to deprive ot
tr.eir :nos: treasured pcssos.V.ons. Indeed, on
the strength of the plea thai It was necessary
to "give the savages a lesson which they would
remember." European troops sexes almost in
variably mails -i point of sacking the palaces
of the dusky enemy's ruler; lucky for the lat
ter. Indeed, If the/ did not burn Ills residence
to the ground, II In 186& when an Ar.g'.o- French
force set ffn ' ■> the famous summer palace of
the Emperors of China, after raving: previously
plundered it. Priceless porcelains, silks. Jade
and cloisonne enamel represent Queen Victoria's
share of the loot, part of which Is at Windsor
Casile. some a: Buckingham Palace ami the
remainder at the South Kensington Museum.
An equal share of the treasure of the summer
palace was anr'giTll to Napoleon 111, and. while
some of the plundered property is still in the
possession of Knipress Eugenic, the greater part
will N fomul to-day in the French National
Museum of tho Louvre.
At Windsor Castle are the splendid regalia of
King Th- baw of Ilurmah. the gold bracelets,
amulets, collar and diadem of the two Kings of
--.shanti and a large ii'.iamity of beautifully
carvel elephant tusks which belonged to tho
African King of Peats, while the crown of Em«
l eror Theodore of Abyssinia and the state um
brella of the King 3 of Aahar.ti are at tha South
Kensington Museum. India is. of course, large
ly represented in the collection of loot a: Wind
sor Castle, and some of the finest pieces of plat*
and jewelled ornaments, including a superb
tiger's head. composed entirely o* rubies, sap
phires and diamonds, came la King Edward
from the treasure house or this or that once
powerful Oriental ruler whose dominions have
been annexed by England in the last two hun
dred years. On state occasions the great side
boards la the Waterloo Gallery of Windsor
Castle are weighed down with vast quantities of
gold and silver n 'at*, much of which was orig
inally destined and even used for sacramental
purposes by the Roman Catholic Church, and
constituted part of the loot of the Spanish Ar
mada and of the plunder of the British buc
caneer of the Elizabethan and Stuart era, who
roamed Urn teas in search of Spain's treasure
•hips, rlundering and sacking the cttle* and
churches of what used to be known in those
days as the Spanish Main. This was consid
ered perfectly natural and authorized, and theta
is not at the present moment a monarch In Eu
rope whose palaces do not contain treasures
that represent In a similar fashion the spoils
of war.
Perhaps the most striking illustration of the
modern ethics of loot is to be found In the fact
that, although every Western ruler whose troops
took part in the occupation of Peking by the
allied forces four yearg ajj obtained a portion
of the Btacdet of "the Forbidden City." Em
peror William receiving a quantity of extremely
Interesting astronomical instruments, several
hundred years old. which are bow one of the
attractions of his palace of Sans-Souci. at Pots
tags^wMfci Use I.cnl;a illustrated oaseft Mfc>

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