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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, October 01, 1904, Image 1

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VOlV 01 - LHV...-.H* 21.139.
cohoyun. \f s blunders.
Practical Vindication of the Ameri
can Course in Panama.
U xM\ be recalled that immediately following the
-e-osniti°" (>t lhe Rf P ubllf * of Panama by the
• wrnr , en t of the United States General Rafael
Try's t! fn commander In chief of the Colombian
-■ny ar.i n° w ■Meat of Colombia, m .sent
t'this country on a E;>eclal : matte mission to
? w ' h , t i, e could to modify the action of our gor
-it:w'i In regard to Colombian interests. His
tr'ssion was without result, and after a short stay
t \V "fhlnsvor. w» returned in December last to
ftiiniff r* u ~? Shatiiy nfler hle arrival he was elected
President cf CWoobUU to succeed President Mar
oouin, under whose administration the Hay-Her
frefi-ty *" as ti!! *' 3 ami lJje negotiations between
*nd th<- I'niied States were broken off.
cn jn P ycs has submitted to his government an
ended report of his mission, end the official copies
vfcicfc reaciici tti» country by the last mail con
tra wlfctOWttof summary of the causes that
compelled *•:« failure of his mission and also a se
e arraifcT ment of the --•:•■ that led
to *iiie mlsfartum? v.hich befell Colombia alter the
negotiatjnrs terminated. The following is a cor
rect translation of the concluding pares of General
Reyes'6 report:
The Clayton-Bulwer Treaty had included a posi
tive truarsntee of the proprietorship and sovereignty
Ft Colombia in th«? Isthmus of I"Unaina, and also a
p a-aniee of tbe territorial integrity at the repub
lic* M Central America, because In that agreement
w.fu.eat Britain «ir.d the United States renounce!
rnrivfr all pretensions of dominion over tbe lsth-
J-f-n reeion of America. . . . While the treaty
Trained la force and Great Britain respected and
M-V.ied with It. Colombia had no reason to tear
1 htt the United Etates would menace her territorial
i-tVerity bat. in consequence of the war with Spaia
fn it*. »Wch brought upon the latter government
Jt/T£j of »'-s last colonies and gave to the United
lilta not only Porto Rico, but the Philippine lsl
,-*'« the foreign policy of the United State* fn
fc'Vd into a new channel, and Imperialism came
u*t on* of Jts most marked characteristics. The
American paople then decided unanimously that
•h» cr-ening of the lnteroceanic canal was a n»
tlonsl interest, and the opinion wan also unanimous
ST the «ansl should be opened, operated and
saintained under the authority of the United
U,.,^ government, becauao. once constructed it
wuM become a practical extension of Us own ter
•tcry The excavation of the car.al had not pre
rtouslv Interested the United Btaies. and it ap
—&'••< that tlm completion of this great under
taking would have to be effected without Its co-
Cl b£ when in December. 3S9S. Congress was con
vened In Waihlagtoa the opinion in favor of the
conduction of the canal by the United States
govf.r.nifut w;s general throughout the country.
Of th« Panama routt- nothing was said. \\ hat
thft people demanded was the completion of the
Scare; Caaal. Nevertheless, the Idea took
«hap» thp.t a comparative investigation should he
inadp of the Panama anc' Nicaragua routes, and
a March. 1896 a commission was dispatched to
tr.ake tl;ls in\ est'yaiion and also to estimate on the
probable cost of the construction of the canal on
URttonr which should be acquired forever under
the absolute? control of the United States, and also
the cost of operation and preservation of th«
canal. • • • ■
It va«= precisely at the time that these opinions
wsre Bet forth that there was signed In "Waahing
tci in February. 1800. the first Hay-Pauncefote
Trea.iv. by which Great Britain, recognizing th»
rights conceded to her by the Clayton-Bulwer
Treaty agreed that the interocear.lc canal should
be conrtmctei under the auspices of the govern
ment cf the United States. It is known that the
American Senate introduced into this treaty sev
eral amendm^nts, which were not accepted by the
Britirli government, and that it was not until
November. UQL that the final treaty between those
government* was ratified, by which the Clayton-
Bulwer Treaty was abrogated and the Untied
States was fully authorized to construct the canal
Mnder the condition that :t should be forever
neutral nnd open to the use of all nations under
ihe protection and exclusive guarantee of the
Vrited Statts. Th» principle of collective iruaran
■\t* like that ruling at the Suez Canal, was set
*.side by the UmteJ State*.
The ehrr>iraMor. of the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty of
iisrlf exungaisbcQ the only effective guarantee of
out Kovoeism rieiiie la the isthmus acainst the,
nnKrtsc'.ou ol the or);, nation that could threaten
titM* rir*rta «mtnmt Trsa~an mterc«t "In their ex
tirici «. During the life cf that treaty the United
Bltt't could not have attempted to acquire any
part c." our territory in that reejon without pro
voking a ronAict with Great Britain. During that
half century the United State* never took any
Mrisu* or formal steps toward the construction of
ihs cai:al. and we were, therefore, under no danger
fron: thst csuse. The danger arose when th*
protrsirune of both great rolitleai parties in that
country included the principle of the excavation
«f the canal by th* government Itself on its own
territory and under tiie perpetual authority, control
and sov»rei*Titv cf th* Unitrd Stite;:. It was pre
cis^^y at that time, when the full and positive pro
tection vouchsafed to us by the Clayton-Bulwer
Trtaty beeißK mo?t !KcefE.ary to the preservation
cf our lights as guarci.ins ar.d sovereigrj of the
l«hnv.:& >jf Panama, that Grtat Britain agreed to
lt« abrogation and Colombia was left without other
JV»t*-ct!on thnn th" United States government
Bight choose to accord to it undrr the interpretation
that might b* plv»n to Article XXV of the treaty
cf Is4'~. t>y which it assumed the- guarantee of our
<oatr;lo.n and sovereignty. Six month? after the
ralia'aiicn of ih<> Hay-I'aancefote Treaty now in
fcr<-e *.he t'ongr^ss of the United States passed the
»o-ca!>d Spooiier law, which arranged for the con
etructicn of the canal and was approved by Presi
ttnt Rooeevelt on June 28, 1302.
7t wes urdouhtfdly a very 6erious mistake on
our ?*n that w«- put ourselves in the position of
»o!lcitir:K of the Unitc-d States government the.
miflcaUon cf a treaty for the construction of the
Ptaania Car.al when we oughi to have carefully
evtltf-d from that. ■ rnment any proposition of
thtt kind. Vi'r mad*- « .«till graver mistake when.
**.U»ut having come to any previous agreement
T - v the canr.l company as to ths conditioni under
**+ it might be authorized to transfer to the
p&ed State.- government the concessions which
It fetid from Colombia, we implicitly authorized It
Without centrci'l or agreement in definition of our
*rhts and its o'uligatiuns to join its interests with
t%ee of the United Ptbtes to convert it into an
thy C that powerful nation against Colombia.
pi weakest party in tae negotiations. In the
rrotocol presrnted by tho Colombian Minister In
Washington to th. Secretary of State, which
served as a basis for the Hay-Ilerran Treaty, it
was clearly set forth in Article I. as follows:
"The CclnmMan government authorized th« new
Panama Canal Company to f»ll and transfer to
tfcn United States It 3 liphts privileges, properties
*nd concessions. toreth?r wl'Ji the Panama Hall
rou2 and all fUvk holdings in the paid com
pany." . . . Starting from that official declara
tion the. American government had a perfect right
to bcllcra thaf «hp authority which our govern
tnrrt pave to'tiie French company was complete
jnd Irrevo<-s'J>. wh<n in reality no agreement had
r."vn rompStcd tc that end.
The Recoct ml!»tak*< which 1 hay-> mentioned was
cf ItQXBM^M inpenancc. In F.trlct right Colombia
night W-.i* u'rr.andrt: from the French company
"i tn^rjftnity for th* !obs occasioned by the per
mteJrgj-to tramfar <o the United States its rightn.
ooocc^aienf. prlvt>Cf-y and properties, but we let
T*ts:- thr opprrturilt'.' of demanding nd arrang
.lnf;.«UP:i an Indemnity, ard when we wished to
els-m It. and flirt In effect claim It. our de
fcrjjid wb« in received not only by the com-
hut by the government of th« United
srt»teii. and. in the daily press of the hlgh
- **t character, such a« "The Evening Post." Of
■N»w-Tork. which so Justly defended our cause
*hea ihp Isthmus was taken, our rlaim was
us unlawful extortion (blackmail). Th«»
French company, freed from all obligation with
our rovcrnment by the terms of the protocol above
sectioned, united its let with the Interests of the
Aaertean government, and lent iti« best assistance
\$ ■«"Jre the rapid approval of the Hay-Herran
vT* must also afim... that the United Btates jrov
•^rrmerit l:ad crantefi to us by way of com
p«»ttion in the Hay-Herran Treaty much more
v? swe ' Ul( ' asked in the memorandum of our
j"si»te.r In Washington, which served as a basis
iff thitt treaty. Comparlnit these two documents.
™J twernment of the United States might well
• r«tt to the generosity of Its dealings with Co
£**'■- and obtain tne public opinion of the c!vll
** v crJJ - a " rt «ppclslly that of th" Cni»*>d State*
JJ a9la 9 1 Franco. In considering as an indisputable
•artihat th* obstinacy cf our government was the
?&V real obFtaclo to the construction of the canal
">r thp Ur.lfd •Ten which was the only agency
Pal * ! of brinslng to a completion so colossal
««fl Kipar.Uc a work. . . .
Molfntlv d»-spo!l»»d cf the Isthmus, and although
™ have finally tout our sovereignty there, we shall
'"'•ays <:.;■;. . although only in part, th* benefit*
j^'-h would hay« been Immens- but for this painful
5J* T onrlder that the Colombian govcrnmt-nt
*ooiii<j t*ke car<» that t.h«» regions neicrhborlng upon
j™ wnnl ehouH not he deprived of Its advantages
'«t <3cr«artment« of Magdalrna. Itolivar and Cnuca
c>w^ U ?: ar * to better their economic con
*rA °" fc ' Brh « n i' 1 " ,canal, canal , w ;? rk *^J' be recommenced.
f»^ th< " r r <><sur«ion of tht-lr industry ■hall be of
\* r <A to that advantageous market, thereby ■■i't-n-
Jc« a new fle'.d of activity and labor: but it is to
JW cn A i*«t Interest find our duty 5 -' at w " direct
' mn»u «nd o ' '" ' Ol>
nit! t.atrlot
r«n^Sv Bth8 th "ll^ak.K. and :o
"OrtTJar^i of t-vrrv Hn-1 n-M.-»i K. "POtt the mis
•it^m ub a*
It has h«.n f :ir " ir '*hr. t)ut mow
•!<>n to
pUont « tte worM ih£h P h ** Rla^ r lty of the
WtationS, w *ction the H vi& %*}**„ ■ !Uiw.'
• v^ch xve have b«-n the"'ctim dci! o " m « t *<
**»"*4 by N«w J^r:^,:,.,t iU to-day •
«w. tsi&^ — -*<- YORK. SATURDAY. OCTOBER 1.- 1904 -SIXTEEN PAQES.^TOfIk>
Chief Croker's Bravery and Danger
— Stubborn Packing House Blaze.
After more than twenty-four hours of des
perate fighting" of a flre In the block of packing
houses and refrigerator plants In Ninth and
Tenth ave^. between Thirteenth and Fourteenth
sts.. the firemen were still at work at a lato
hour last night, though the flames were under
Nearly one-third of the block was destroyed
and $250,000 damage done. More than fifty fire
men were overcome by soft coal smoke and am
monia fumes. Chief Croker whs badly Injured
by a fall through a hole. Battalion Chief Shea
was temporarily blinded, and there were many
narrow escapes from death. It was with the
greatest difficulty that the flames were kept
away fro.n the big ammonia tanks of the Con
ron Hygienic Ice Company and a terrific explo
sion averted. Owing to the soft coal in which
the Are {started and the bursting refrigerator
apparatus, it was one of the worst tires the de
partment has had to deal with.
The r':.? started in the storehouses and office*
of the < ;*; * iihy Packing Company, Not 4;. and
456 We?'. Fourteenth-st.. and quickly spread to
the wat^ouses of the packing firm of 3. H.
Hammu|| & Co, and the Conron Company's
works. '**» 1 ■ ran and Cndaliy plants are con
nected w.i .i wooden pipe line, which facilitated
the sprcaSof the flames, and it was nt this
point thaOhe fight centred. The bulk of the
loss was irßhi* building.
In the liaKnent were 375 tons of soft coal. On
the dlffercn^uor? of the warehouses were many
tons of lard .nd beef. In these stores the fire
smouldered and broke out afrcsli-at intervals.
By midnifihr, as to! 4i; y«<»f lay's Tr!bune.
about three-quarters of an hour; after the first
alarm, the fire wbb jetting beyond control, and
a second alarm was rung-. Still the firemen
worked without apparent effect, and at 1:40 the
flames burst through the roof of the Cudahy
building. Then a third alarm was sounded and
Chief Croker arrived with fresh lighters. Again
and again th» men dashed Into the burning
buildings, only to retreat, some being dragged
out helpless by their companions.
The third alarm also brought the fire boats
New-Yorker and George B. McClellan and such
a volume Of water was thrown on th« burning
area that the cellars of the block were under
seven feet of water by morning. A sewer con
necting with the Cud.ihy building, however, let
off the water there so rapidly that it was impos
sible to drown the fire in the soft coal. Another
difficulty of which the men complained was
Inadequate police protection.
At 4 a. m. the name* burst through No. 48
Tenth-aye., occupied by the Indianapolis Abat
toir Company. Chief Croker had ■ narrow es
cape from death while standing on the tin-- floor
of the Cudahy plant directing the tight on the
glowing coal below. The floor fell almost un
der his feet, and he was snatched back just In
time by a fireman standing near him. A little
later he stepped backward into a hole that had
been cut In the floor and only saved himself by
his elbows. He injured his right arm and cut
his left hand.
While directing the work from the roof or a
shed on the Tenth-aye. aide, Lieutenant An
drews and Fireman Lenahan, of Engine No. 10.
were overcome by fumes, and Chief Cro * er
dashed up the ladder just in time to save the
lieutenant from a dangerous fall. Ambulances
md surgeons were on hand ail through the in-.
Late in the morning coffee and sandwiches were
served to the exhausted firemen in a lull in
At noon the fire- took a new and dangerous
turn In the front of the Hammond plant. The
ammpnla fumes were driven directly m the
faces of the firemen, and It looked for a time
as though the building would be destroyed. The
wind, however, swerved a little later and gave
the men a chance to reach the flames. At I:4b
p. m. Chief <"roker announced that the fire was
under control but it broke out afresh again at
a little after '2 o'clock and gave the men an
other lively time of it for a quarter of an hour.
For five minutes of this time the blaze made
its most spectacular appearance. At 8 o'clock
last evening Chief Croker ordered all engines
away but one, which remained with the George
B. McClellan and poured five streams of water
on the smouldering flames throughout the night.
Drowned in a Rescrcoir — An Acci
dent, Relatives Say.
Mrs. Mary B. '"onter, sixty-three years old,
widow of Charles H. Cpster, a wealthy New-
Yorker, was found drowned in the Lurchmont
Reservoir early yesterday morning by a search
ing party which scoured the woods for her more
than twelve hours. The body was lying face
downward in less than a f^ot of water, and Dr.
Beyea. of New-BocbeUe, who was summoned,
said that death had occurred several hours pre
vious to the discovery.
Mrs. Coster's relatives > insist that she was
stricken with apoplexy and fell. into the water,
but Coroner Wiesendanger, of Yonkers, who
has charge of the case, has not yet rendered a
verdict. The relatives scout the suicide theory,
She leaves a daughter and. two sons.
Mrs- Coster lived with her son-in-law. Henry
D. Steers, a wealthy man who owns a home
on Quaker Ridge, which commands a view of
Long Island Sound. Soon after breakfast on
Thursday Mrs. Coster left th.- Steers house. Her
disappearance ■ was not", noticed until nearly
luncheon, when members of her family became
alarmed and started to search for her. The
news of Mrs. Coster's disappearance spread
throughout the neighborhood, and a searching
party was . formed, but not until last evening
was the body found.
Mrs. Coster's funeral will '*' tram Grace
Church, this . city. ° to-tnorrcw afternoon. The
burial will be in St. peer's churchyard, in West
Chester. ... . .. .' . 4
Innocent Petition Distorted Into an
Impending Disaster.
One of those unaccountable panics which arise
from causes too trivial to be considered under
ordinary circumstances occurred yesterday in
front of Public School 177, Monroe and Mar
ket sts. For almost an boar the teachers,
powerfully backed by the stalwart Janitor, a
policeman and two "white wings" of the Street
Cleaning Department, paraded up and down the
sidewalk endeavoring to assure the excited
mothers, cousins, platers' and aunts that no let
ter had beer, received in the school from the
"Black Hand," and that there was no danger of
the school building being blown up at "3*i mln
ut«s" past 1 o'clock, as had been reported.
It was when the noon recess was nearly over
that half a dozen Hebrew women, bearing chil
dren in their arms or dragging them along the
etreet, in their eagerness to reach the school,
hammered at the front door Of the school, de
manded admittance and insisted on taking home
their children who were then In attendance. As
surance on the part of the school officials that
there wan no danger seemed only to stimulate
the anxiety, and there was wild talk, inter
mingled with remarks about "Black Hand."
dynamite, explosions and bombs. In an incred
ibly short time the rumors were flying all over
the school district. .About 1 o'clock fully a thou
sand women and children were massed In front
of the hchoolhouse. Insisting that the children
Inside come home at once, "before the school
was blown up." « ■--■-.■■■ . - ', •
Th<- janitor found it necessary to bar the
heavy oak doors. The women threw themselves
aii;- the portals, beat on th« massive panels.
with their land?-, and called out In piercing
cries: "Mine Rachel 1 ." "Oh. mine lamac!"
''Moses, why don't you come home yet?' 1 The
riot soon reached §ueh proportions that Miss
Ella T. O'Brien, the principal of th« school, sum
moned her trusty Janitor, and, with some of tho
teachers, went out on the sidewalk and endeav
ored to calm the frantic women.
This was no easy task, for the population In
that part' of the city has read much about the
';Black Hand." dynamite bomb* and fire horrors.
The mob had heard so much about those atroc
itifs that they believed there was to be an ex
plosion under the school. It whs not until 1:30
o'clock that the streets were finally cleared.
When a Tribune reporter visited the school at
2 p. in. thero were still anxious mothers ami
children Inquiring If the danger was over.
An Investigation of the cause of the panic
showed that n roan, dressM In an ordinary
tweed suit, mounted a shoeblack stand in front
of the school Just as the children were coming
out at nuon and asked for signatures to an ••ex
pression of public opinion" in favor of giving
transfers from tho elevated system of railroads
to the subway. Children who signed went tine
.ii: i told their parents about a strange man who
was taking the names of .11 the children la No.
117. Having a vague idea of what the subway
and transfers were, but having a vivid recollec
tion of "Black Hand" and fire horror stories,
me of these children told their parents that a
plot v is or foot by the "Black Hand" to blow
up the school that afternoon. The absurd ru
mor spread swiftly.
Foreman, Deserted b?/ Cowardly
Crew, Killed in Averting Accident.
John Sullivan, forty years old, a track fore
man, employed by the New-Ynrk Central and
Hudson River Railroad, who lived at One-hun
dred-and-thirty-Becond-st. and Old Uroadway.
was Instantly killed by a freight train it (»ne
hundred-and-alXty-thlrd'St. and the Hudson
River yesterday.
Sullivan, in charge of a crew of laborers, was
going UP the northbound track on a handcar.
Between One-hundred-and-sixty-thlrd-st. and
oi e-hundr^d-.in i-slxty-s iniid-st. the men saw
that a fr^iicht train on the same track was gain
lr.g on them.
The laborers jumped from the handcar and
fled. Sullivan Jumped, too, but fearing iht>
handcar might derail the freight, he ataglahand
ed endeavored to get it off the rails. He was
struck by the locomotive and cut to pieces, al
though the engineer had applied the emergency
brakes and done all In his power to atop the
train quickly enough to avoid an accident.
Patrolman Mahan allowed the engineer, O.
lloyt. i<> take his train to Albany on the un
derstanding that he would present himself for
arrest at th< West One-hundred-and flfty-sec
ond-st. station on his return.
He Lifts a Wagon as It Passes and Saves
Driver's life.
Anton YUner, an express wagon driver, of No.
936 ffrst-ave,, was crossing Ninth-are. . near Forly-
Mfth-?t.. yesterday, when his wagon was struck by
a car. The Impact threw th<- driver ts the street
in front of his wagon, and the horse started to run.
Roundsman John McGrath, of the "West Forty
seviTith-st. station, was standing close by. and ran
to tne wagon Just as the wheels wern about to
pass over Vilner's neck. The wagon was a light
one, and the pqctoemaa, using all his strensth,
:de of it from the pavement Just in timo
vent the wheels from passing over the old
Via W'esO Shore Railroad. Tickets *4.<«> for the
round trip. Going October Ist. returning up to
October llth. Apply to ticket a«ents.-AdvL * * .
The Largest Building of Kind in the
World for East Side.
The building of a "skyscraper" school w ith ao
commodations for 7..VX) to 8.000 pupils will be
begun on the lower East Side In the course of
the next few months. When It Is completed It
will be not only the first echoolhouse of Its type,
but also by far the largest elementary public
schoo? In existence.
For several years the nchool authorities have
been considering the advisability of erecting
such a school. Hew Public School No. 62. which
is In the course of construction on a site bound
ed by Hester. Kssex and Norfolk sts., was to be
a skyscraper, but the authorities frit that the
public v as not educated up to such a school
house, and therefore stopped It at the sixth
story. When No. •">'_' Is completed all the pupils
of No. IST, which stands In Grand t . between
Ludlow and Norfolk attL. WIB be transferred
into It. Thei: No. K'7 will be torn down, and
on Ha site, which is about 175 feet long by 80
bromd, the Klaiit schoo: will be bvOt, l>r. <}eorge
8. Davis, associate city superintendent, said yes
terdaj ufur un extended conference with Super
lent rinyUer of the Building Bureau of the
Depart in«MU of Education:
We >„ - confident of the practicability of erecting
such an enormous structure. It will be trn or
more storlt-n In height, and each story will have
about fifteen c!a»nrooms. providing accommodations
f^r rift-,- children each. We will move into the
school it' the children of the upper grades from
Wie schools of tli ■ neighborhood, leaving the old
<iuartt;ra for tho little ones.
Th> structure' can be made perfectly fireproof,
nothing being. isJlamniahln in tit* rooms except th«
furniture. . Tt>»» ■ struct 'will have .four 'elevator
shaft*, besides stairway? and escalators. Although
tin- 'J«T»iri mental nymem will b« In use. ttlA classes
a» they wove fr«ni r"or> to room can '■• confined to
on- or, two floor* Th*r«« will I•• ii« more confusloa
than In «n ordinary oflice »>ulldln»r. At the »lismt!»-»
sal the children en the lower floors will go out
by the Ma«f. whll»» those above will use the fie-
Mitors. There will be four exits, or entrances, to
Mi* MilltilnJi, on three streets and ode alley. if
thure is any otgTi of confusion, the time of dismissal
will be mado difl>r«-nt f'.r the various |trade». The
children who will use this building will b*i th«
older nee, who know how v. »ci properly. It will
be especially equipped for an evening hitch school.
The time haH come for such schools. In this sec
tion the rites ar- vary expensive and the popula
tion Is very deni A very large school Is there
fore a meiimin- of economy. If the business Inter
est* ever drive the population uptown, we can con
vert til- utructiire into an otflc- building: and dis
pose ■'■ It.
Wind Brings Dottmy Particles
Across Hudson.
Tho city was Invaded yesterday i>y a cloud
; of cattail fuzz, blown httaer by the strong west
wind from the Jersej sh< re. It la the time when
: the cattail, popularly called also bulrush and
•nlne-talll CM ' s known to botanists aa the
Typha latlfollaj goes to s^ed, and the iontr.
j brown, furry spikes at the end of the slender
1 green reeds disintcprrate. They becone hun
i dreda Of thousands of little, fuzzy particles, oon-
I sisting of a short stem and several small, radtet
! Ing threa Is, the whole looking like a pygmy ur
n! brella turned inside out and stripped of its
' doth. These the winds blow hither and thither.
Early yesterday afternoon the wind began
I bringing these particles across the Hudson. Ry
i :; o'clock the »lr from one-hundred-and-taath
- St. to Tw.nty-thlrd-st. was filled with them,
i and they were present m smaller quantities
from tii-re to the Battery. D«rk suits and
gowns became white, and aa faat as the particles
were brushed off then- were ac res of others In
; their phi «•. They floated In miniature clouds
Into the windows of bouses, stores and elevated
and amfscfl cara. In the streets and in the cars
humanity wus occupied In a constant brushing.
Th.- downy tuft» were wafted mto the ears.
noses and eyes of pedestrians and duag to the
coata of hcraea. At times and In apota, notably
at Thlrty-third-st. and Broadway, Ibo.lt 4
o'clock they were ao thick as to k'l v <- the ap
pearance ol a Ugh* snowstorm.
The fussy cloud was as noticeable In Brooklyn
us it was in Manhattan, and even extended
to Bheepjbead Bay. In Brooklyn pedestrians
thought the dinging particles were snowflakes
until th~y caught th« tufts in their flnsers or
saw them 1 aught on trolley wires or blown along
the sidewalks.
Some persons recalled that about fifteen years
ago. on .1 day similar in weather conditions to
yesterday, there was a lilse visitation from the
Jersey shore.
One explanation advanced for the presence of
the cattail down was a lire which burned over a
large area of the Jersey meadows.
Indiana Towns Fight When They Try to
Sing at Republican Meeting.
!uy ipj anp>rfl TO THE trihi-ne. i
Indianapolis. Sept. P.0.- -A Republican meeting at
Lnndisville. Gra.it County, at which a colored glee
club was advertised to sing, was broken up last
nigh;, and a BOOTS of persons were injured. Th«
negroes were attacked as soon as they appeared.
Stones and clubs were thrown and pistols fired.
The negroes were compelled to flee from the town.
The attacking crowd was from the village of
Van Buren, and when the LandisvlUe people tried
to protect the negroes, the rioting became gen
eral. Orrville Rnmsay. of LandlsvJlle. was shot In
the breast and may die. Edward Reilly, of Van-
Buren. bad his collarbone broken and was severely
cut in the head. William eleven of the same
place, whs badly beaten an'! bruised, and seventeen
others receives' minor -injuries- •
Slight Hopes for Postmaster Gen- ■
eral's Recovery Expressed.
Washington. Sept. 30.— The condition of Post
master General Payne remains practically un
changed, and Is regarded as exceedingly critical.
That grave doubts of his recovery are enter
tained is frankly acknowledged by his attending
physicians, but they hold out some slight en
couragement because of the momentarily
changing aspects of the case and the wonderful
recuperative powers of the patient.
Mr. Payne's physicians determined this after
noon to summon Dr. Osier, of Baltimore, the
specialist of Johns Hopkins University, and he
arrived here shortly after •'• o'clock. A consulta
tion was immediately held, and the following
bulletin was issued at 7 o'clock: *
The Postmaster General's condition still con
tinues to be serious. He has had several sink
ing spells during the day. Each time, however,
he has responded to treatment.
Dr. Osier returned to Baltimore at S o'clock
and said he would return to-morrow morning.
He said the Postmaster General's condition was
critical, but he had hopes that he might yet
pull through.
At 3 o'clock this afternoon Drs. Magruder.
Rixey and (.Jrayson issued the following bul
The fact of responding to remedies and being
able to retain all nourishment to-day gives en
couragement. The heart action is still very
feeble an! the cause of great alarm. One or
more physicians are constantly with him.
Mr. Payne fell asleep at 8 o'clock this even
ins;, and an hour and a half later was reported
as resting quietly. The physicians drew some
encouragement from this fact, and it was then
announced that unless unexpected developments
should occur, no further bulletins would be Is
sued to-night.
There were times to-day, notably In the early
morning and late In the afternoon, when the
attending phypiclans believed the end near, but
the patient responded to the heroic remedies ap
plied and seemed to regain some of the lost
ground. The greatest cause of alarm was the
feebleness of the heart's action, and It was found
necessary to administer saline solution and
nltro-glyc-frine to stimulate that organ. Only
moderate doses were given, however, and in
each rase the response was gratifying. The
most hopeful sign is the fact that although Mr.
Payne's stomach has always been weak he has
bean able to retain the nourishment given him
Except in the sinking spells, several of which
occurred. Mr. Payne retained consciousness all
the time, and his mind appeared to be active
and alert. Several times he asked questions of
those about him. Indicating his interest in what
was going on. Aside from the physicians and
the nur^e, no one except Mrs. Payne has been
allowed In the sickroom. Mrs. Payne, although
greatly distressed by the condition ■>; her hus
band, has home up bravely.
The physicians are maintaining a constant
watch a. the bedside, and while they do not
look for any immediate change, they decline to
venture a prediction as to what Mr. Payne's
•-ondltion may be even a few hours hence.
Mrs. W. S. Cameron, of Jamestown. N. V., the
only sister of the Postmaster General, arrived
this evening, and to-morrow Win field Cameron,
her son. and Miss Louise Jones, a niece of Mrs.
Payne, are expected. With the arrival on Sun
day of Charles 1,. Jones, of Milwaukee, the
family circle surrounding the sick man will be
practically complete.
While ho is hovering between life and death,
the public life and political leadership of the
Postmaster General are temporarily lust sight
of. t.:id Henry C Payne, the man. kindly, genial
and loyal, becomes the object of the affection
ate solicitude of social and official Washington.
Throughout the day and evening hosts of friend?
have called to express their sympathy or ten
der their services should they be l«t|Otaed, while
numerous letters and telegrams have bean re
ceived, all expressing the keenest anxiety over
Mr. Pame'a condtttett. The President and Mrs.
■velt. Secretary Shaw and Secretary and
Mrs. Hitchcock were among those who 0 U-d
on Mrs. Ptyne ro-day. President Roosevelt
made bis tirsr .-all at the Arlington Hotel about
noon and remained ten minutes. He returned
to the hotel at I:4M o'clock and remained in Mr.
Payne's apartments a few minutes. When ha
came out he said the doctor had reported that
there were r<\il grounds for encouragement,
Rooseveli also called twice. She arrived rti-t
at noon and spent some time with Mrs. Payne
and called again bite in the afternoon. -
tary Hitchcock called several time?, and Acting
Secretary I.ooniis made personal inquiries.
So President Roosevelt Tells Benja
min lie Wheeler.
Chicago, Sept. 30.— That Secretary Hnv is to
remain at th<* head of the State Department in
case President Roosevelt Is elected in Novem
ber has b«>eu settled, according to President
Benjamin Me Wheetet of the trntvenfty of
California, who was in Chicago to-day on his
way back to California from thr Kast.
President ITkualST. when seen at the Audi
torium Annex, said:
The beat news I had while in the East I had hi OSS
President Roosevelt, to the effect that John Hay
has now definitely consented to remain -at the head
of the State Department In case of President Roo«»
volts election. This will be heard with satisfaction
by all American citizens, who appreciate how Im
portant are the international questions likely to
arise within the next two or three years. There
has been apprehension at various times lest Mr.
Hay yielding to his natural Ukli;« for a quiet life
of scholarly leUure. might withdraw from office. I
was therefore very much Rratitled to learn that the
matter was settled.
Latter Runs Across Field as Weight
Is Thrown.
Christian Kellar. fourteen years old. who lived
at No. 0 East One-hundred-and-thlrty-ihird-st.,
was struck by a sixteen pound weight i'
cant lot In Park-aye.. between On?-hundred
and-thlrty-fourth and One-hur.d:ed-a;:d-thirty
fifth sts., late yesterday, and Instantly killed.
Simon P. Oillis, af No. 7S East On<*-liundrvd
and-twenty-seventh-st.. an expert wetgfet
thrower, who recently competed against Kiely.
the Irish champion, in the international sanies
at St. I-ouis. wfis practising throwing the
weight, a ball attached to a short steel cable
with ■ handlf.
A few boys, among them Kellar, were watch-
Ing Gill's. Kellar started to run across the field
just as Gillls was swinging the ball for a throw.
As the boy reached the centre of the lot. oppo
site Cillls. the latter, who did not see him. let
the weight go. It struck the lad full on the
side of the head, smashing the skull as though
it had bee" an eggshell.
iHls was locked up in the East One-hundred
and-twenti-slxth-st. station.
Attorney General Moodt/s Tour-^
Judge Parker Goes to E*opu*. >
Congressman Soresxa E. iV.yn-\ chairman. of
tbc Ways ami Means. Committee, who was it
headquarters yesterday, MM (hat there was no
doubt that .Presislent Rocsovelt VcorjLl set tae
electoral vote of Now -York State. Us added
that he knew one town a !:'■!••' every living Tot?*
would raj* his ballot for thy Prestileiit--
Ex-Chief .I;:'._" Parker, sifter cnurm-in*' with
ruauy Democratic leader?, started for lalt* home.
He will return on Monday MM continue the di
rection of his campaign.
Senator t.i.rrian malf >)!-< In r>esajß»
cratic natinui! hfatl<ii:art
Ex-Senator Tliurston return*! from a tour of
part of Non-York State. He. found Republi
cans enthusiastic everywhere. He expects large
gains for the party among the first voters.
Tantalizing Statement of Sereno E.
Payne— Whole Town for Roosevelt
Congressman Sereno E. Payne, chairman of
the Ways and Means Committee, yesterday
made public one of those tantalizing: statements
which are well designed to make a Democrat
sit up straight and say and think hard things.
Mr. Payne visited the headquarters of the Re
publican National Committee, and in the course,
of an extended conversation said this:
"I know of one town In New-York — one whole»
town," repeated Mr. Payne, with emphasis.
"where every living voter will cast his ballot
for Roosevelt."
On being asked "Where is that town 7**' Mr.
Payne replied: "You don't suppose we are go
ing to -tell our secrets to the enemy, but it is
there all right." -'>* ;-^ » •■•'• '* • • • ■•■• ;:i
When John Sharp Williams heard of it ha
saii: - •-- :'S;LZZ'-.' '.
That just like him. It takes him son« time
to arrange a plot of that kind, but it- to worth,
listening to when he gets it ready to spring." "
"That President Roosevelt will receive th»
electoral vote of New-York State is certain."
said Mr. Payne. "I believe that the Republican
majority will be as large as it was in 1900 In
the coming election. ■ The number of gold Dem
ocrats that will vote the Republican ticket is
very large. These are the men who voted for
McKinley four or eight years ago. The younger
element will support Roosevelt, and he will get '. ~
all of the new vote. Some of the old men. whose
faith in Democracy was considered to be dyed in
the wool by many previous years of voting that
ticket, but who could not stand for Bryan, will
go back for Parker, but I should say that 10
per cent is a large number for even this das* "
■ Chain an Kenealy of the Connecticut Repub
lican Committee was at national headquarter*
yesterday. lie disclosed the situation in hi»
State with Charles F. Brooke?, of the executive
committee, and- toll other national leaders that
he had no doubt of success in Connecticut.
It was announced -at the Republican national
headquarters -.-.••!? day that the services of At
torn"." General Moody hail been "♦cured by th>
committee as a speaker and that he would start
on a tour of speechmaking which would take in
seven States early in October.
His opening speech will be made in Massa
chusetts on October 7. and from then* he --till
visit the States of New-Jersey. New-York.
Rhode Island. Connecticut. Pennsylvania, and
West Virginia in smceessim . The places at
Whirl) Mr. Moody wilt speak will be given oat
later, as soon as the final arrangements for the
tour have been completed. I' is said that his
tour win extend into the month of November.
Word was received that the State Republican
Committee of Connecticut has arranged for three
speeches to be made at three different cities on
Octcber »V Dr. William P. George will be the
speaker at Torrington. . Representative Burton,
of Ohio, win be the speaker at Stamford, and
Hugh Gordon' Miller, at Wallingford.
Th.=> national committee has secured John W.
Yerkes. Collector of Internal Revenue, a? a
speaker to carry the campaign into West Vir
ginia He win make three speeches in the State.
His first speech will be made at Glen Jean on
October 13. his second at Charleston on the 14th.
and the last at Hamlln on October 1."
William F. Stone, sergeant-at-arms of the na
tional committee: Congressman Mudd and other
Maryland Republicans were at national heart
quarters yesterday. They want the national
committee to take an active part In the Mary
Secretary O'Brien Says National and
State Tickets Will Win.
Washington, Sept. 30.-Jchn F. O'Brien. Sec
retary of State of New-York, and the Republican
nominee for th» same office this year, was or*
of the callers at the Whit? House to-day. He
discussed the situation in New-York fully, and
expressed himself as perfectly satisfied with
th- outlook.
"The campaign or vilification and mud sling
ing with which the Democrats have started." fee
said to The Tribune correspondent, "will not
last' much longer, because they will be forced
by public sentiment and prospects of defeat to
abandon such despicable methods and resort to
Issues that the people consider worthy of con
sideration. The Democrats must remember that
the voters of New-York are men of Intelligence,
and are not to be taken off their feet by ;\
series of false charges and mysierfcrna accusa
tions. They want something better founded
than that. The fact is that the people wW soon
force the Democrats tr> real issues. They will
demand that the Democrats point out the fitness
or unntness of Mr. Higglna for the Governor
ship and discontinue their attacks on Gov
ernor Odell. The fact is that Mr. Higs'.as is a
man of -such unblemished character and high
Ideals that the Democrats do net want to be
put where they will have to try attacks, on him.
There is no man in New- York with a greater
degree of independence and personal and po'itl
cal manliness than Iligg'.na. and thto fc! so weil_
known that the Democratic cry of control by
some one else will soon be exploded.
"The fact Is that Roosevelt will have a ma«;
Jority of 73.000 in New- York. I dislike to give
my ideas of what the majority will be because
some will look on It aa an exaggeration, tut I
have just told the President that he can c*>unt
on 75.000 majority. The State ticket will have a
big majority over the «Democrat!c ticket. .1
know many Democrats who are going to rate'
for both Roosevelt and Hlsgins. Just after the
Parker telegram there wn a great hurrah by
I a_*t excursion o? the se-u-on. Sunday. October 2.'
via Peris*vlv.inta R illroart. Swcial train lesv**
Ne«r-YorVs::s A. M. Slops at N?wsrk_*n<i Ellsa
betfc. " 4 A

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