SrBWAY OF BROOKLYN.
Attention Attracted to It The "At
yew That the Manhattan subway has been put
ma operation, the attention of Brooklynltes wIU
,-^j-j- row on be focused on their own subway until
•si completed So far. outside of some work
|jW ,ri derricks, railroad sidings and certain short
p.reTrhM of street planked over, the progress of
wtirk f.r. the Brooklyn eubway proper has not been
gpaarer.T to people passing along the streets. 'When
Mbsß^L hi bjejl up and blockaded the fact that
Brook'.r^ to °- is to have rapid transit may be too
:< BflM attracting the most attention, how- \
#«r. is *-he work of enlarging and depressing the
at Dst 1-or.K Island Railroad, at Atlantlo
txxt Hi*—** « "'s This is the last part of the
jgaent' -. • '■■•t the improvement of Atlantic-
T - ■ the removal cf the railroad tracks, which
•-.« • ■•■• : sTstoß on for come years.
-rmnal cf the i:r>cklyn iberas/ proper, as
I -.: planned, is to be at Flatbush-ave.. adja
tfag ■ . w underground terminal of the Long
Islar.d Railroad. An examination of the engl
seafß ptMBM cf th«sse two terminals reveals that
to be so connected that the Long Island
Ksilroad arSl pr.ibably be a most formidable bidder
fcr *he lease of the .:<way when completed. So
the two Improvements are linked in the publics
It is announced bat by May 1 the rail
fr— its jagolpgMSt in such condition that
•v arfS be substituted for steam in the ,
■ between Brooklyn and "VCood-
Kgrcs Richmond BSL Jamaica and the Rocka
vays. Thus, if the Long Island Railroad should be-
BOBS the lessee of the sotoway from th* City Hall^
Ol Om battery and under the river to Flatbusa and ;
Atla""!* aye«.. it could • ate In connection with
-er.t '/.nes i through suburban rapid transit
sarrtea Chat would be much longer than that in
Hsnhattaa " ; - Bai ' ;r"r;x
■b-'-F rhum tn the crounfl that has been
irAde where formerly tha oW :3th Regiment armory
f :ood attract, the attenUon of ar. who travel on
the Flfr-.-ave elevated line. The earth has grad
r 1 -en <-ater. away and carried off on flat rare
M r.arrow strip remains, running
the excavation and supporting the tracks
far the fIM "•«•« A.! the rocks B*ve berr. allowed
BOY the bottom of the excavation
-.. at team canyon in the Rocky
-.;„.; rocks, will b« broken up ana
• g wans of the underground
J n..w owns and is Incorporating Into
the large rectangular plot bounded
• Place, Fort Greene
except ■ narrow fringe
-. This fringe consists of
Of large meat packing con
.:: be incorporated into the
•■•■: that they artll probably con-
Blr ._ . , - ■- ... : - On t: orator cars
jjjjv ba . direct from the tracks Into tha
•■ . .. : - this property the
y the o!d armory, also
fey«:. er eight bmaustone dwelling houses In
The pres-: • I kotmm a» the Flatbush-ave.
■title:, arm i tin I (ta | reseat position and atti
;,i; tßaa beaaaxb and sen-*
as tha E-:f room. FYom the upstairs
writlr-t raoa ■ ' s wOl * ro Into the bas
c - : to the various train platform?.
The lewd ol the tCZTOiBaI arlD be twenty feet below
the lev«: cf tha street. The entire space below
JUiar.ue-ave . between Flatbush and Fifth ayes .
VBlcb is practically a rontinuatlon cf Fort Greene.
•_ _ • • •. sed far railroad tracks. That part
I by | :r:ace tracks has been ex
ar.f! tha steel '< >e arcs for \h* roof are being
I dtSaa. The wali under the south curb
aXhutdc-erve, Is practically a continuation
< ' ■ -uli of tha ' kffias from Hedford-a'
- r: at '.:.:« WOtm :rom Fifth-aye.. on?
: f::; ;iorts of the elevated
, - • - > . • the) Fifth-. ive. elevated line
Bl the 1 Transit company to the
Lorp Island tracks ThSs connection will be re
tsiT'.ed ~'- ■■: tha elevated structure will, when the
■feexay :i ie >-i. r*>s* en tne walls of the
There ar» I ■' . •• •— . track" altopether In the
i!. six lor through sen-ice, and the others
■ arts be ■ connectloa with the Brooklyn
■ •" fvi i - -■.-.» tracks will run di
■• ' ■ .*.. mto lbs wajr track?
? iru!r= to pi tht'OUga without entering the
Then two more tracks will rv;r.
<:*. the station Into the
m I";^tL • ] :..« arffl ailow UltliSJJ
lata &'.A through tha i^B.tjr
. :.(• present station, «is
■ ■ reea and baggage depot, to
ft, at the Kurt Green© Place
■ • oal will bs roofed over at the
• . - j>er rhat a more
' ' ■ Ut a 1 vie Flatbush
• • " - '■■ raer. This er^'rese sta
-. »>xlW feet. It will
siai.c ba^k twenty f«^t from the ■lil»iialaT line to
tnodat* tru ks and wasons. and the cars
■• bas^nic:;.; on rive tracks.
ss irtU I>e handled In c'»
■ ' the -•• eat I .uses in Fort
direct cmnection with the
- wil be run from the
• • ■ • rr.n:oda.te several >ther
■ - ' : '■•rt Greeffe Piace.
I ide of Atlaatlc-
I I'd, tracks win Le la*l there, and the
I to thaT ; - froCB the present ter
■ ork of ex v tlosn at the latter point
.J. J ■ dirt taker, from the
\ ■ -g transported to Fresh Per. 4
- "sed in filling in de
■ : renietery in eom
• ■ granted the railroad in the
► to be known is the cor
. ■ ::wn<wg f r jm . igewood to Mot*
rminal ri the Brooklyn subway
• I Ifiand terminal there will be connect
that will \-IrtuaJ!y make them one
evsuuiJ ]■ ■ ■■ . . ■ m \-arious traiii platforms
• <ieprt£^' i J foocwaya. so that it will
• ' ry ta trass tha tracks ut any T'Oint.
■ f thf Atiantic-ave. improvement
■» ■ . • elevated structurei from At
'"' « !n Kapt N'ew-Y^rk. to Manhattan Cr*>se
' -tioi. from there to Howard-aye..
er.<l t-. l«val«d section, from rd-ave.
a pomi !''«w, ."- ! - '. ayr?.
• ■ .• latter r>c.nt to the
" ' . V.xr* Is '■omplctp. excepi
for three short blocks between Carlton-ave. and
t !rn th* summer timetable
ITert next May steam enpinee will be
■.••.- trldty sul»«titute<i from
1 !"&!ra and ta Rock«w:iy. Enouffh
w : be ■^.r-lt'-d so that the trains
22" r. . rlcht h tiirriujrn the fi<»cond tunnel section.
rUioe in Long Island City, and
l for tran*f<>rrr.ir.Jt th* current from a
Kg a potential will be built at Grand-aye..
SB - . . • . i-.avon .Ivinctlon and Rock
" . . ..!>t of Janiaica.
BIVI DUTKEE FOR A. J. BOUXTON.
later Organiiation to Honor People's Party
Candidate for Governor.
*- J I - T»flM»tt for Governor of the Peo
ple's parry, will h« the guest of honor at a '"70
ssnt" dinner, to be given by members of various
labor orgaj;ixatlons in the Labor Lyceum, WO
laaghby and Myrtle ayes.. Brooklyn, to-night.
•'<<•»; r. B Boeaauau ertU b* tuastmaster. The
ssßJts ■ .. be -The H*-sl Issues." >iustave "W.
Ttos-.pKan; "The TieU Pajrty of th* People," M. W.
fi«w^r | iwnership of Hallroads and Other
ftitlic I'til]-.. atartta; "Labor m Its Ralsv
*tos io Law," Juflge Siiiii-Je; S'ubury; "The Labor
?**•'• - : I':- •rt K. Cat«»n. Mr. Poulton
SS I**-'1 **-' .^: *-t^«-'''ed to ept*Jc Bdwn Hammond, of
•>o tj. Fulton-et.. ha* charge of tha arrangements.
RIIPINO MIDGLTS AT ST. LOUIS.
Two of (ha fr.:i:>si persona in the world are
t-eti/ parr o j tile grtit colony of strange peoples
•t ?-.. l cu:s Worlds Fair. They are Juan
•>la Cruz ar.d his sister, Alartlna Dela Cruz.
*^plr.o midge:*. Juan lays claim to a stature
* * tr:r.« ;?•* nan twenty-nine inches; his
*•****« height reaches a!rr:ost the sum of twenty
•ever:. foaa ti tver.iy-nlrie years c!d; his sister.
Eoth are native* of the Province of
~* pl2 !:. th* island of Hollo. They are of a
* nii -: Of tfgbt children, .... of whom with their
**«r.ts w*. r .. f r .r. rrj ; a i stature. Juan, his sister
ch«>-« tr ' *' 1 "' : "ether are !!.<• only surviving
•/.V^ 21 " JusLn ls a raarrieJ rr.ai; nnd the proud
lj*** r «= MB nine year* uic!. The Bon if full
%?.,*'■ -*•-■■•-•: has exijeri^nced the mftrtts! tn
■ of big~er men. Ui fpoujw having de-
STk^ I "'' Ri ■■'" ' i! - e *#°- Hls affections have
■m.* '"'- n '■^■•^'•irf.i •• another v. onian of the
S?J-"' who:.. h* fj.Hva he will marry when he
%tti* Pf^'-red d<llvorce from bis recreant
iitw,' • r •* dw »j ij* a,- healthy end vigorous, and
* a&4 tumbj. j^ ruU grown acrobats.
WORK ON NEW UNDERGROUND TER MIXAL OF LONG ISLAND RAILROAD, FLATBUSH AND ATLANTIC AYES.
BIT!) OF THE OLD 13TH REGIMENT ARMOR T. BIIOWINO PROGRESS OF EXCAVATION FOR TERMIXAJU
BEGIN NEW CHURCH HOME
Park Congregational Society I jay 8
With appropriate ceremonies, the eorn»rstons of
a new church tor the Park Slope was laid yester
day afternoon. The structure, which is being put
up at Elghth-ave. and Second-st.. is to be the new
home of the Park Congregational Church, of which
the Rev. Dr. Marcus B. Taylor is pastor.
The latter presided at the exercises yesterday.
Alter prayer by the Rev. Dr. Robert Bruce Hull.
of the Greenwood Baptist Church, a neighbor,
Willis Van VrUkenburg. secretary of the board of
trustees, read a history of tho church society.
Dr. Taylor, after announcing the contents of the
box placed In the stone, laid tho latter. Addresses
were then mud* by tne Rev. Dr. S. I'arkes Cad
man, of the Central Congregational Church, and
the Rev. Dr. A J. Lymaii, cf the South Congrega
The church is to be of brick and Ptone. with a
frontage of 100 feet in Kighth-ave. and 'M feet In
Secor.d-st. The auditorium, seating: seven hundred
persons, will be so arranged in connection with
the me del Sunday school room, seating- five hun
dred persons, that both can be thrown together
If occasion demands it. Tbe Sunday school room
will have sixteen classrooms, in lower and upper
uers, with removable partitioiis.
In the basement will be the rooms for the kin
dergarten work, the Young Men's Social Club, din
ing and reception rooms and kuche.\. The church
offices and trustees' room will be In the basement,
and the pastor's stud) will he directly in the rear
uf th* pulpit upstairs. Tho church parlors will be
above the kindergarten. The boilers will be in the
sub-basement In design th« church will follow
the early Oothio architecture. There- will bo a
square <-orner tower, about MO feet in height.
Th*> trustees of the church are Alfred A. Bar
clay. Hemar. P. Smith. George B. Lockhart, Willis
Vail Valker.burK. Jose] L»Jeune, Albert A. Smith,
T. V. P. Talrr.agp, Robert Buhl arid Charles
NATIONAL GUARD NEWS.
Major John K. Kerby. of the ftth n«-fctment. has
t^er getallsd on th«" genera' court martial for the
trial of. Major E H Mitchell, of the 14th Hegl
r sol Major Kerby takes on the court
o* Lieutenant Colonel William H Kip. of the Tth
liegime:iT. who has been reUeved at his own re
queet The court soil n^.eet on November 14, at the
armory of the Mtb Regiment.
1 ;«»r:eral Mcf'oskry Butt, who recently returned
from Europe, has been shooting at Creedmoor since
his return. He has quail:ied as a marksman,
tiharpsiiooter. «Xpert ami dis: ;niruished expert.. lr.
the latter grade he raaJt ba rapid nre a score of 47
points out of a possible 80. In forty seconds, ani
Ji. skirmishing his score was 56 points. He has
nr»w qualified twenty-two years as a marksmar..
rwenty-twe aa a sharpshooter four a» an an er
p»rt and two years as a distinguished expert.
Colon^y Duffy, of the 63th Regiment, has de
tailed Lieutenant Hughes to organize a n«»w com
pany, to ha\e the letter B. The lieutenant, aside
from the regrular drill and sooiai features, pro
poses to make a special point of scouting, signal
ling, map n.aking, etc. Lieutenant Hugnea hopes
to have the new company organised in time to
enter the new armory next spring.
An election for a second lieutenant in Company 1
of the 9Ui Regimeiit will be helJ at the armory to
Company D of the 12th Regiment, commanded
by Captain Dodley, is arranging an interesting en
tertainme:;;. to be held at the armory on "Wednes
day evening. November 23. Lieutenant Cornelius
Vanderbilt is a member of this company, and will
take part In the exercises of the evening. First
on the programme will be a company drill in com
i!.and of Captain Dudley, followed by a t-kirmiu?.
drill with lieutenant VanderbJ in command-
After this there will be dsrclng. ar.d each woman
gue*' will be given an opportunity to draw for a
number of rig turkeys. The regiment will hold
open athl'Hic games in the armory on Saturday
evening. December 2
Color.c; Austen of the Utb Bsglment has mad
arraa* ' °*' the :
Brigadier General J r Story, V -
at the armory oi • - mber *
This srUl bs Oeworal .-t.-- ■ eview of a
After a long de!ay. due to mistakes mad-? in thf
regimental payrolls, the enlisted men of the 14th
Regiment have be*n made happy the !a>t week
by reviving the pay due them from the Stan
lor their part In the Virginia manoeuvres
An election for lieutenant colcncl of the 23d Re«i
mill, to fill th> vacancy caused by the promotion
of Colocel Stokes, will be held at the armory to
morrow night. Major Charles G. Todd is the can
didate, and It Is expected that he wi] b* unani
mously 'le-ted Lieutenant Benjamin V K.
Spelde'l of Company A. and Lieutenant Louis C.
Tyler, of Company C. have sent in their r- -.;.
tlons on account of business.
A regimental euchre will be held at the armory
of the 22d Kegimer.t on Wednesday evening, So
vasmber IS, ondsr the auspice?" Of Company D, In
Bid of the New- Boom for Destitute Crippled
Children. An election for captain of Company B
will be held on November la, The only candidate
expected <J Lieutenant Wolff. Company A has
noli' i -ted First Sergeant John Co.ltson Mansfield
frr second lieutenant. V J. MTalab, the fast ron
n/» of the -York A.thleUc Club. b a member
of* Company A. and will compete in the athletic
ITniM to be held in th- armory on November 2:
BjnrnanT C will hold a dance at the armory on
November U ar.J Company D on November 3.
Company C. Tist Kegimer.t. will hold an election
for first lieutenant on November 4. »nd Lieu
tenant Jciin r Jenkins. It is expecu !. will be
elected although there is tuik of some opposition.
Oompany E JrUJ bold a minstrel shew at the ar
moi-y tin December J
Lieutenant K:nfs>y L. Martin, of the R«-cond
Naval Battalion, who is detailed for duty with the
12*h Regiment, has beer placed in charge of a
•chocl for instruction of artillery. Colon-l Austen
has ordered a regimental drill for the evening of
First Sergeant Morris B. HuJett. of
JSd Reginient. has bee-. isly elected -
lieutenant, vice Lope^, rcsigr.r-i
TRADITIONAL ORIGIN OF JAPANESE
One of the traditional accounts of the origin of
tba Japanese Empire mentioned by the famous
j«Mtt traveler. Per. Cc Charleve:s. refer. It to
th« emigration thlth. - of a CUBM -under
rather peculiar circumstances, flinusikwo ascended
th« throne of China it. Use vcar 2« B <-... a:;. 1 M
or, c "i.iered on a career or cruelty and tyranny.
H« was never-. .■ Boat anxious to enjoy the
SLTSLrf fc!« go*;;ion for as long a juried »*
SSSr Ko, the purpose o' endaeTOrtaj U> t,--
i ' . '.,, ;,. v.l h the duration of
ITu'S-an l«f"' wuU JV'"p".'!<.-..-«1..J V'"p".'!<.-..-«1.. he dispatcher
trrTted messetUWra and explorers into all ihe col:,-
in hourly dread of a sudden ««iwk« of death, tola
tiie Emperor that lie had I— ff»ag /iKiTirmil^CiS
to trT. island • which now fora the Japanese Eo
NEW- YORK J)AILY TRIBUNE, SUNDAY. OCTOBER 30. 1004.
pire. The plant, in Question was also reported to be
one of so delicate structure and sensitive nature
that, if not plucked with pure hands and special
precaution, it would lose all its mysterious virtues
before arriving within the limits of the Chinese Em
pire. II was suggested that three hundred young men
and the same number or cirls— ail of spotless physi
cal health and moral purity— should be selected to
proceed to Japan for the purpose of procuring a
sufficient supply of the precious plant. The sugges
tion was promptly acted on. The medical adviser
also patriotically volunteered to conduct the expe
dition himself, and the offer was accepted. The
expedition embarked, as speedily a.- possible, for
the Japanese islands, but not one of its members
was aver seen within the hounds of the Chinese
Empire again Th»» previously "unoccupied parts o'
Japan were rapidly populated with a. race more
fresh and vigorous in body and mind than the
average inhabitants of the land of the "Celestials"
Itself! The medical chief of the expedition uf course
created himself king of the country, 'id soon had
a maj ent police erected for his residence,
whi-h he called Kanloku (1. c. "«tr:inde maison,
«emb!able aux<-!eux '). We are further told th.it the
Japanese mention the historic fact In their anr.ais;
tha.t they point out to visitors the spot on which
the medical founder of their empire landed, and
also snow the ruins of a temDle which was erected
in his honor. — (American Medicine.
ODD COLORADO COLONY.
How Consumption at "Health Farm" Ii
Away out in th.it wonderful Svale, Colorado,
there .s a unique Hula settlement, in which tha
requirement fur admission is that any newcomer
is a consumptive.
One would almost be tempted lo take chances
against the drf:ad disease In order to live in sui'h
a:: enchanted place. This colony Is the Association
Health Farm, under the auspices of the Denver
Young Men's Christian Association. If, when one
get* to Denver, hi jror-s five miles to the northwest,
on a straight, road, he will strike a beautiful "white
city." There, ..:i a high ridjje, in the rich Truit
growing district, he will see row i>fter row of small
white houses, or rather tents, and for a background
;■. panorama of snow capped mountain peaks
stretching from Tike's Peak in the south to Longs
I'eak In the west.
The story of the origin of the Association Health
I'arm ia interesting. About a year ago. when the
furor of excitement In the literary world caused
y Charles Sheldon's book. "In His Steps." was at
ta height, the Editor of "The Topeka Capital." a
iully paper, offered Mr. Sheldon the entire man
.ijjenu: of the paper for an [lotted time, to be
run upon hii peculiar principles. One of the first
tilings that interested Mr. Sheldon was the health
arm project. And so a public appeal was made
.ii the Initial Sheldon edition of "Ine Topoka. Capl-
An editorial in "The Outlook," Quoting from this
article, interested Dr. Edward P. George, of Han
i.ver, Germany, who gave the first Jo.OOu Following
this, association inond3 In the ..-t gave other
$5,000, and a sixty-acre tract was purchased. Mr.
nd Mrs. David Brothers, of Denver, then tendered
their Croft farm as a. gift, with I email annuity.
The establiihmeii: of the health farm marks the
latest development in Young llec'a Christian As
It was formally opened last May. though for a
long time before then the Denvt;: association hud
been Interested In the project r.nd in propagating
plans for Ms furtherance. The idea was Orst Bug
, ested L>y ihe L-rjlujf need of a multitude of young
:::'-n seeking tne Colorado . mate for physical
reasons, ana It had come to pass where \V M.
lJunner. secretary of the Denver Young Men's
Christian Association, could no longer aid young
men financially who went to him for help.
The colony in some respects recalls the rooks
Farm experiment, ior to .-* certain extent the rest
dents live in common, and they have one central
Idea— to be restored to health.
In all there a.-c about thirty tents, a big brick
house for offices, dining rooms, parlors and read
ing room. Each resident la given the exclusive
use of one tent. U :» tin ughr best that each
should live practically Isolated, though all eat to
gether In a large dining room. Thi- cottage tents
are floored, have three-foot wainscoting, with can
vas sides and double ventilated roof. An iron bed
stead, with good beddi g, a chiffonier, table, wash
staid and Stove, Kith rocker and rugs, are the
ron^'lete 'urnishings of each tent. Cast month
there wer.-- twenty-«ight men on the farm, moat of
t. v em makin? srlendid improvement.
Tl a c ndition* 1 which make necessary an asso
ciation i:«::iUh farm are challenging the attention
of th.- w\ "'.• earth. Deep thlnker3 on the Conti
nent and the most intelligent men In this country
are interrsteJ in The problem of fighting tubercu
losis. More than 120.066 persons die every year in
our country of consumption. A very large num
ber of them are jroang men. u'.vjy tram home and
without any care. The health farm guarantees
good care and all the comforts of home
A young nun may stay there at the rate of $20 or
125 a month, which »vtn his entile expenses, if
be Is able to work. It is secured for hira on iin ad
joining nursery and vegetable farm.
AH control of the diet, exercise and rent of each
resident is under the direct supervision of the resi
iiVt physician, who blmself has been restored to
he\'h by the Colorado climate and Is glad to vol
unt\r li!s services In such a cause.
T:.»Ve is v btg orchard on the farm, also a garden
which supplies the table and affords work for the
membtys of the colony, for whio* 1 •la given.
In r.i> way dees the little' colony smirk of the
home vVh a capltai "H." There are no grewsom*
dlasectii \ rooms, no darkened sickrooms. Burfji.nl
InstntmeXts or stln*. uniformed figures ».o Le se :.
on the he\lth farm.
Each lltve cottage trn: if cosey am] homelike
There is a \eading tent well supplied with ail sorts
of literature an organ, and with wholeiorr.o games
The large d.ving room is airy and Kinshiny. Never
ia there a caCkce for solitude or homesickness or,
the health farm, for Isolation there pertains only
to sleeps? T...,:f\.-s. and In the daytime there ar#
work and ". r~- •-. wttn always u-.i^s company.
In all. the bealto farm consists of ninety-four
» fruli Cam of tWrty-foor acres, with t W!I
bousand fruit tr^-s heurinsf aca cf >. aisd «iKht
acres of small fruits md sixty acres of ran li t v- <>
miic-« fnrther to^ the southwest.
j..:> row nn artt-si.Tn well is beir.c dog It was
fi.un;! D*ce«sary I •■ ' thfl failure of tfc«* «mr
f ,. :i P well;-. The necessity for sh-mj irater f' 1r do
mest'c pui-p'">^e« is w«U understood. This w^ll will
rot ,lv furnish water for houn-- .tdJ bath pur
poses, but to a limited extent will furnish irriga
tion.— (Boston Journal.
PUTTINa IN ROOF BEAMS AT SOUTH c5 T DE O F ATLANTIC-AVK.
Pillar of elevated structure, to be supported on ro of, at tbe right.
hS ATTTOMATIC COMPASS
A Novel Invention of Great Use on Ship
An automatic compass for use on board ship is
described in the "Bulletin de la BocMte Industrie!!*
de Marseilles." The apparatus, which Is the inven
tion of M. Helt. automatically registers, minute by
minute, the direction of the compass, so that by
consulting the chart which is tha result it la posst
ble to determine what the route was that was fol
lowed at a given mom* nt of the passage. The
commander of a. vessaj indicates to the helmsman
the route which the vesati should follow, but he
do^ not know -whether this roure is followed un
less he is continually observing the compass. The
Ileit apraratus gives this information, registering
every change In the position of the vtseel r\ery
move mad* by the helmsman and Use«yxact time
at which such change occurred; and so. in case of
many varieties of accident, the chart enables one
to establish exactly the responsibility. The ap
paratus has been in use for several months past,
and has giver, complete satisfaction.
The compass card, instead of having at its centre
Rn agate resting on a fixed steei point, is fixed on
k steel pivot, which rests on a fixed agate. The
latter la hat!i-d in a drop of mercury, which serves
to conduct the current of electricity that makes
possible the resistf-ring of the movements of the
compass. Fur this purpo.^* t!i* card hus attached
to it a small silver ir.dex, which is kept in constant
electrical communication witta th>- pivot by a tine
and flexible wire. In the usual position this Index
does not touch the fixed :>asir. (PjßOUnAna the card,
but by means of the electrical current the ell cult
Is r.i, . ! ■ closed and opened, with the result that
the angle of the boat with the meridian is reg
istered For this purpose the basin is divided into
a certain number of sections, Isolated trom each
other and corresponding in each -cse to a special
circuit, the registration b<*i:ig made on n. sheet of
paper by mf-Ktis of a spvirlc produced !v a *mall
induction coll. Certain sections of the basin also
correspond to certain call bells, the commander thus
being instantly Informed of any abnormal devia
tion In the direction of the boat. The apparatus
also gives th« eoeed of tht> bnat by ;<sti-nng the
revolutions of the screws, at each stroke of tha
piston a current being rlosad and a signal rent to
the receiver, while the hour of departure Is reg
tstered. together with that of every rtop or start. —
(Philadelphia Public Ledger.
Sixty Miles an Hour on One FamoTis
Most people have heard of the celebrated " r 'resta"
toboggan run at St. Moritz. Switzerland, and many
have seen it. but not so many are fam!li3r with
the electric arrangement by which tbe racing is
timed accurately to the tenth of a see
Su Morirz Is one of tbs highest villages in the
Kngadine. having an altitude of about six thousand
feet, and Is entra of winter sports; it is
consequently much frequented by English and other
nationalities who enjoy the sports of skating. curl-
Ing, tobogganing. ski-Ing and bandy, wblc
here be obtained under the best conditions. Good
tobogganing may be had In other pistes, but at 3:.
Moritz it ia carried to a, fine art. and only an ex
pert can expect to compete successfully on the re
nowned. "Cr-sta" toboggan run, with its wonder
ful curves and banks. The name t'resta is derived
from a small village of that name near th^ finish of
The course is a little over thre*--quarters of a
mile in length, with a difference of elevation from
tne start to finish of about six hundred feet; the
gradient varies at different points, being most steep
at the church leap.
A« only one luboggan can occupy the track nt a
time, the races arc ail decided by the time taken
to complete •- course. The record time from the
start to the finish 1« at present SI 6-lu *econrt<«. this
♦•mailing a speed of Bia mil's an hour or more on
the fastest purts. The curves i>: fr.>zrn anon are
b'i;lt up with hich bunkn uf-curat^!-, .-nap»<l to al
low the tobogganer to go round them at the great
eat sp> cd. the highest bank b-'ing about twenty
five feet in height. These different banks have
well known names, such as the Battledore and
Bhuttlecock, Bcylla an,3 <"harybdis and Bulpett's
Corner. The w... (c track Is practically of ice. and.
after passing the finish, it has tor a short distance
a st^M-p upward gradient, the great momentum ob
tained carrying the tobogganer uphill.
The toboggans u«*>cl are of the "skeleton" pat
tern, with ■■ el runners, the tobogganer lymg In
a pron* position ami steerlni; with his feet, by
means of splken attached to the tors of hw boots
Th-. principal race run on the Cn - is the "Grand
National." which takes place at the end of Febru
ary or beginning of March, anil might be called
the "Derby" of tobogganing, i-omp. titors coming
from Davo« and othrr e*-to take pan in this
contest— tKleetrlcal Review.
DRINKING WATER FROM A CACTUS.
F. V. Covl:>. In "Trie National flsosjianitl MAga
slne," g'ves an lnte. ittnjr account of how the
Indians of the desert obfai- drinking water from
the barrel cactus. It was amonj t!;e desert hilis
•vest of Torres. Mexico The Indian cut the top
from a plant about flvi- ree; Ucn, ar. 1 with a t.unt
s:a*e of pa verde puunded to a pulp the ujp«r
six or eight Irenes of wnite flesh !.; tuo —^fVltni
trunk. From this, handful by hiindJul. he aguasesd
the water into the bo I he hed mid? In tho top
•-•f the trunk, throw th«» discarded pulp on the
gi Bnd B] this process he secured two or threw
iiu^rta of clear water, s'.ichtly salty and Bliihtly
bitter to the taste, but o.' tar U>tlt-r quality than
some of th« water a desert traveller is occasionally
compelled to use Th« R-icu«o. dlPßtoi
up In his hand*, drink It with evident '>U-.iiiiir*> a ;!d
t.iid tnat his people w»re accastonted, not r>!i'.\
to aecure their drinking wat« in this »i> in ttOMM
of extreme drouth, but that they usei} it also to
mix their meal preparatory to cooking it into
ON THE PACIFIC COAST-
A Railroad Man's Rise—San Fran
cisco's Rapid Growth.
Baa Francisco. Oct. 28.— 1n the retirement of
CH. Mar '» m Its general me nag* r. tbe South
era Paclllo loses one of its most valuable execu
tives. Markham goes to Texas to take charge of
tne Gutty Petroleum Company. In which he has
a material Interest. His rise In railroading has
been almost unprecedented- Only a f*w years
ago he was Southern Pacific agent at Fresno, in
the San Joaquta Valley. Then he was rapidly
transferred to Portland. Ore., and fet Texas.
From the latter State he was brought here five
months ago and Installed as general manager la
succeed Kruttschnltt. It Is thought th*'- Mark
ham's successor will be E. A. Wcrthington. now
assistant director of maintenance, with head-
Quarters In Chicago.
Secretary T. C. Frled'ander of the Merchant^
Exchange estimates that California.- population
In four years has increased from MS&.000 in
the last census to" 1.T6. T l- June last These
figures are estimated from the consumption of
flour In the State, which follows a well defined
The old question of favoritism on army trans
ports is revived by the alleged grievance of
thirty-five young; second lieutenants Just out of
West Point who were recently ordered to the
Philippines on the transport Sheridan. These
officers were all put lr. the steerage, because the
staterooms were filled with families of offi
cers going out to Manila. Several of the young
Uouttrncnts slept on deck in preference to the
stuffy bunits in the steerage. Many complaints
have been made recently of the alleged monop
oly of the b^st cabin quarters in transports by
civilians with a "pull."
It is announced that tha Union Iron Works
will bid on all new war vessels authorized by
rongreas at the last session. This sets at rest
the report that no more war vessels would be
built at these yards, which w»re recently pur
chased hy tho Shipbuilding Trust
The resignation of Allan Pollok as active
manager of the New St Francis Hot»I has been
foreseen by tha<:^ who were familiar wtth the'
conflict of authority b«»Tw*en him and the lead
ing directors of the hate] company. Pollok
had certain weß define plans of management,
but the directors wore constantly trying to
modify them, with much resultant friction. The
hotel wlil make no profit on its first year's busi
ness, following the example of the Touraine. of
Boston, and the Waldorf-Astoria.
A TITLED CABMAN
Earl of Shrewsbury and Talbot Has a Tre
There are 26.000 cabs In London and nearly all of
them belong to one nun. aa4 a nobleman at that.
for the premier ear: vi England, he of Srir»wsburr
and Talbot. has a vast income from the cab busi
ness of the largest ci:y in the world. The earl
gives his pet hobby as the "cab trad-*." and he
is so fond of cabs thai he frequently drives them.
and. although .ne is a man of vast wealth, he seeks
his fares as eargerly along the Strand and Picca
dilly as any coster cabby that «ver cracked a whip.
It 13 impossible for any one who has visited Lon
don to think of that city without a background
of hansom cab« looming up through the fog and
amok* that still cling to his memory, for cabs are
as much a part of the gloomy old c!"y as West
minster Abbey or tne Parliament Boose,
Next to bowline along on the top of a 'bus there
Is nothing that the London streets have to offer
quite so tleligntful as a ride in an easy riding ha.i
: oui. The smooth motion, the sense of freedom
thai the wide view before one affords, and the spice
cf dances ever present as the daring Jehu of IBS)
call grazes hubs ar.d liors's Wtth splendid skill, go
to make up the keen enjoyment or a cab drive
over the asphalt pavement.
The wise person picks Shrewsbury and Taibot
hansoms every time, for they are strictly up to
date— rubber Ursa, air cushions. Rassta leather up
holstery <md ivcry fittings. llbbh things marked a
revolution In cabs when lbs young earl started out
to run r.is cao essflpany. He was the v«ry first
person to introduce rubber tired cabs in London
and Parts The horses attached to his cabu are
well groomed and clean Umbed, md me harr.ess
black .;i. with shining brass mountings, as*, to
mention :r,a.t th« Sh: r\\ si»ur> ana Taibot cabbi'»
are obsequious and sman ta silk hats and button
Aii these luxuries c?3t are M more than the tn
conveniences o£ a ahabby cab, and as then is
such an army cf cab in London why may not
cr.r tuke his pick el thfl ue*t th-re art
Aside from the enjoyment to be derived from a
dush ove- asphalt pavemetus ;. -i ttnnd— t»aii»om.
few people realize what theas two-wheeled chariots
mean to the. great etty, fox the l^r.don >-ai. con
stitutes a mighty institution that is highly com
men table Ibf the utility :.r.d coaierx it afford* at
a wonderfully low price.
The «.-au inausiry ;a i:. ill- Bands o" a larg^ num
ber of mci.. about four thousand, many of whom
own ihre*» or toot cabs wh • :hey let out, and ax«
k:.riwn by the title of **mmoan '
The first large cab company of any note wnii that
of th« Karl of Shrewsbury ar.il T.noot. founded In
XXB, Us stables a: Tixail ace r..::> Ut:ng 45« horses
wlm their grooms. The tine-" cabs 1:1 London be
long to this i on;::.
The l^oadoa Imier-.^l i<b r.-.nan.. . a recent
enterpi - has mdertakea f ; ;f manageflaant of
about firs hur.dr»d cabs of an improved pattern.
The company ha«j a large depot eff Gray's Ins
Koad. with stables sheda. sStoetaej forges, harneaa
rooms and painting and r^^iiirinj shops. At Chel
!>••.! too, it na" eaOt t rr.:.e: Ftade. inr»« s'orle*
high, fashioned in a square about a court, where
the c»»: «ta:.d.
Before a cab is allowed to go on the street three
payments have le be mm)t Ihra lings for a
drtTer s Uceaas, ~ for a hackney carriage license.
paid c the ewnet to th» police authorities at
Be itland Yard, ar.d Q sniianK' for. carriage duty,
also paid by the owner to the inland revenue
Before however, the owner ran get his license his
vehicle mu*t be seen and aapectssl by the police
Cterkenarefl Po!ic» Station is the chief centre, and
here, on Mondaya. Wedneaiiars an;! Saturdays,
there Is an ofß-'lal In BttsadßJeM to examine cabs
I ■•■!>• the two n rim her p!;it*»«. on»= ;o b# fust
pr.e.t an the :r.«ide .ii;d the oth<»r. the larger one.
to bs fastened SAtaMa at th* buck. r
Kvery -ab Is Tarnlneii an i ll>eased once ■ yeir.
A« i i . ••• nealkjeare the b«fk plate
has a flevtee f~ !t. a« tt«>!l a<« n number. This rear
It ts rhe royal arm*. •■■\ y»ar It will be ■ cmen
and the year after the royal imu *e/aln: so that
a police official may tell at a stance bow matter*
stand with a sab under suspicion.— (Boatoa Herald,
HOTEL DE LUXE OF THE ORL3
The rooms are bristt. txeah aast airy.
aao > acttgatluily qul^t. Bathroom to every Sara.
TV most fam«ni!» Hest*ur^wt m M:.itm* Tbe
Orchestra plays durins Pinn*« and
the QBMV9 5: »JsT>»r 1
%^/ The Centre o? Fashionable Lewd: .
*Ths Us: Worf' cf Sodtm
Eefei XtOaVjpii Ck&mtrta nriies *oßk prsxuds
eninnce. bathroom, etc' Obe- 200 roasts.
hearty 100 btthreoms.
A ezagnificer.* Royai sa:'».
» Hotel, tat* rant,
and Grill Room.
C A 8 S (Fjworfc» AianHwni lioaiaJl
' Hotel Chatham.
HOTEL B£ LILLE ET i ALUM,
C 3. KaaSt. Hororr row toYtar* -, an.'o.i • BJM fSBSK All
HUca Imsto* ' ». F.w. hone rotatort . Lars* BsAk
£<-»t»uriat. lsßSSSSss>eaS SBSM * *• iij«u *•*■*«■ • hi cam.
f«r:rißi Lillalbio.n. Pa-.ii !V •. .'.'•«.!». v :c-i«tot.
PARIS. Bold de I'Atbcacc.
I if, rue scr:se,
■ OPPOSITE THE GRAND OPERA.
The Modem Hotel of Para.
E. AR.MBkLSTt M. Maaacer.
_ ■si h I . Paris. 23. Cour de la R=ki€l
IfllPl nil PSISiQ Heated throughout, rooms
■Wlil UU laiai* irom ■»»!<.; with board 10 tr»
nnilQOri Q IE mm ICIEL
Dnuo ol l r--,,_ ■,„„, —
HOTELS LN (ifcRMAXI,
AUSTRIA AND SWITZERLAND
1 HOTEL BRISTOL
Locates] 00 the Fashionable KarnttMTrtag^
aad the favorite resort of Americans. HtP
•act Fraacfe Cuiaiae aad choice wtaaa.
UAH AND SOUTH OF FRANCE
fl Grand Hotel,
OPEN THE TEAR ROUND.
The most beautiful
Hotel in Italy. Electric
light throughout American
elevators. Charmiaz Suites
with bat brooms attache;?.
Under the same Direction as
THE SAVOY HOTEL ttmtH
CflUM* II VAT I PABB.
U "EDEH PALACE."
METROPOLE HOTEL ROME.
Jf3 Avanzi Hotel Metropole & Vine
American and English Family Motet.
Always open. Full South near Station.
Thoroughly modern ft moderate rates.
76 Via S'Nicola Tolentino.
fENicL Hotel Y^^
Royal Danieli [ *--*
J Steam B«\
1U MODERN COMFORTS. °*
JJETJX\ Ki.ni Ttn , Railway Ttek S»
showed a £am cf
in TRIBUNE sales.
But the sales in the
month cf September,
more than in Sep
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