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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, October 31, 1904, Image 1

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V ox LXIV....N o -21.160.
j'ARKER'S UTTERANCES SHOW ASTOUNDING IGNORANCE
STARTLING VARIANCE BETWEEN HIS MISLEADING
STATEMENTS AND THE FACTS COMPILED FROM
SOURCES OF UNIMPEACHABLE ACCURACY.
rr»OM THE TRIBUNE nCRCAU.I
Washington. Oct. 30— No other Presidential
candidate of any party has ever been guilty of
such egregious blunders as have character
teed practically every political utterance of
Alton B. Parker since his nomination. The
vntrustworthiness of his figures, the reckless
seas of his charges and his stupendous Igno
rance are amply shown by the following com
parisons:
Parker In his "gold telegram." -which so
nearly disrupted the Democratic convention,
declared that "1 regard the gold standard as
firmly and Irrevocably established."
The gold standard is no more Irrevocably
established than it was in the panic of 1893 or
the campaign of 1896. The gold dollar has
been the unit of value ever since 1873. While
the act of March 14, 1900, declares that all
forms of United States money shall be main*
talned at a parity with gold, there is nothing
to prevent a Democratio Congress from re
pealing thai law; and there is no provision by
which a Democratic Secretary of the Treasury
could be compelled to redeem silver dollars
with gold.
"Th« decisions of the Supreme Court of the
United States, the Court of Appeals of this
State and the court of last resort In many other
States warrant the assertion that the common
law as developed affords a complete legal
remedy against monopolies." — Parker, -In his
speech of acceptance. August 10, 1904.
Every lawyer of ordinary intelligence knows
that the federal government, which derives all
its powers from the written Constitution, could
not have its powers added to or decreased by
the common law of England, and that substitu
tion of tlis'tSo'mmon law for the federal statutes
would mean immunity for the trusts. Three
Democratic members of the Supreme Court de
nied its power to afford relief from the Northern
Securities monopoly, while only Republican
judges affirmed it.
"While, therefore, we are unable to give as
surances of relief of the people from such ex
cessive duties as burden them, it is due to them
that we state our position in favor of a reason
able reduction of the tariff." — Parker. In his
speech of acceptance.
Seventy per cent of the revenue raised under
the Dingiey law came from taxes on luxuries.
Taxes on liquor paid the entire cost of army,
navy and coast defences. Taxes on tobacco,
silks, diamonds, pearls, jewelry and sugar offset
the entire cost of pensions.
'You are entirely right In assuming that as I
«*mp!oyed the phrase "self government* it was
intended to be identical wiih Independence, po
litical and territorial. ... I am still unable
to understand how it can be said that a people
enjoy self-government while another nation may
In any degree whatever control their action.
... I«m fc*artiiy In accord with that plank
in the Democratic rlaffortn which advocates
treating the Filipinos precisely as we did the
Cuban?. "—Parker, in letter to John G. Milburn.
Apparently Mr. Parker, when he wrote this,
had never heard of the "Platt Amendment,"
which provides that Cuba shall make no treaty
with a foreign nation impairing her independ
ence or ceding her territory; that Cuba shall
contract no debt beyond her means; that Cuba
shall recognize the right of the United States
at any time to intervene to preserve Cuban
sovereignty; that Cuba shall observe sanitary
precautions prescribed by the United States;
and that Cuba shall grant to the United* States
certain territory for naval coaling stations. This
law. now a part of the Cuban Constitution, Mr.
Parker ignores, implying that we have rr.ade
the Cubans so free that no "nation may in any
degree whatever control their action."
In support of his assertion that th» common
law afforded a complete legal remedy against
monopolies. Mr. Parker, la his letter of accept
ance, said 'The determination of this ques
tion was left by the peopie in framing the Con
stitution to the judiciary. . . . The Supreme
Court cf the United States has recently consid
ered this question, and. in the case of the West
ern Ur.ion Telegraph Company vs. the Call Pu!>
li»>hing Company . . . jt decided that com
mon law principles cou j,j De applied by the
United States courts in cases involving inter
state commerce, in the absence of United States
statutes specifically covering the <;).<--»."
The familiar Western Union case had no
more to do with the powers of the federal gov
ernment than the inner workings of Tammany
Hall. No Parker supporter has ever been able
to explain the extraordinary legal blunder of
which Parker was guilty in thus citing an en
tirely irrelevant case. •
Mr. Parker. !n his letter of acceptance, de
ec< nded to ■ garbled quotation of President Mc-
Ki;iley'r« Buffalo speech of t -timber 5, 1901.
Preter.dir-sr to quote Mr. M,Ki;. •>■, he declared
that P7«*sid»nt McKinley said: ■We mint make
rensible trade arrangements if "we shall extend
the outlets (or our increasing surplus.' "
What Mr. McKinley did say was: "By sen
•;ole trade arrangements. WHICH WILL NOT
INTERRUPT OUR HOME PRODUCTION, we
SHALL extend the outlets of our increasing
cvrplus." Mr. Parker omitted entirely Mr. Mo-
Kir.lcy's statement, "We should take from our
easterners such of their products as we can use
WITHOUT HARM TO OUR INDUSTRIES AND
LABOR," and by so doing distorted his entire
meaning.
!n hit Utter of acceptance Jucge Parker de
mands the Ifutaediati abandonment of extrava
gant government expenditures, and d*f lares
that Lhelr iitcrfrusc- is out at all proportion to the
lniT«-a?(? In the inoculation.
Tha condition of the national Trsasury is
shown by the 'difference between the principal
cf the debt and the available cash on hand. On
January 1, 1897. after four years of Democratic
rule, the principal of the debt was $847,000,000;
the available cash, $228,000,000, leaving a nat
debt of $619,000,003. On January 1, 1904, after
•even years of Republican administration, the
national debt was $895,000,000 and the available
c* h $379,000,000, leaving a net debt of $51&.
000,000, and the Spanish war had been fought
and paid for. On January 1, 1904, the Treasury
was $100,000,000 better off than on January 1,
1c57, and the annual interest charge $10,000,000
less.
Mr. Parker. la his letter of acceptance, said:
The Par-anta. route having been selected, the
building r,t the car.rd should be pressed to com
pletion with all reasonable expedition." but de
clared that though "a, great public work was *s
.!s£*fl-Jto the profit of our people. It Is not a,
t-—^w. w^ST^t^^ w^ YORK. MONDAY. OCTOBER 31. 1904. -FOURTEEN PAGES.- »tJQ£2M2u»..
sufficient answer to the charge of violation of
national pood faith."
The policy by which the Panama Canal was
acquired was approved by half the Democratio
membership of the Senate, and has received the
practically unanimous commendation of the
country at large. The dream of a century of
American statesmanship was realized by means
acknowledged to be honorable by all save a
comparatively small proportion of the party of
obstruction and negation.
Mr. Parker heartily Indorses the Civil Service
plank of the Democratic i latform which de
nounces the "Republicm party for its continu
ous and sinister encroachment upon the spirit
and operation of the Civil Service rules, whereby
It haa arbitrarily dispensed with examinations
for office in the interests of favorites and set
aside the principles upon which the civil «ervic*
is based. '
Official records show that 3,000 more places
were filled by competitive examination in the
first year of President Roosevelt's administra
tion than in the year before, 4,688 more the
second year, and 2,124 more the third year than
the year previous. During the three years of
President Roosevelt's administration over 30,000
plaoes have been added to the classified service.
President Roosevelt has made only sixty-one
exoeptions from Civil Service regulations in
three years.
"The pension order having been an attempted
. . . encroachment on the legislative power
and therefore unwarranted by the Constitution,
• . . if elected I will revoke the (pension)
order; but I go further, and say that, that being
done. I will contribute my efforts toward the
enactment of a law, to be passed by both houses
of Congress and approved by the executive, that
will give an age pension without reference to
disability."— Mr. Parker, in letter of acceptance.
Competent legal authorities have proved that
the right of the President to issue the pension
order was in accord with the provisions of the
statute. Parker not only promises to revoke a
constitutional order, thereby depriving veterans
of their rights, but pledges himself to secure, if
possible, a service pension law, knowing mem
bers of his party in Congress would make it im
possible for him to do so.
Discussing "imperialism." Mr. Parker an
nounces that "if we would retain our liberties
and constitutional rights unimpaired we cannot
permit or tolerate at any time or for any pur
pose the arrogration of unconstitutional powers
by the executive branch of the government."
"Imperialism" has, in A nerican public dis
cussion, meant for six yeais the rule of de
pendent territory not incorporated into our do
mestic system; not the candidate's bogie man
masquerading as "arrogaticn of unconstitutional
powers by the executive branch of the govern
ment" and labeled "imperialism."
In his letter of acceptance. Mr. Parker, imply
ing that President Roosevelt glorifi«d war. said:
"It 1b essentim ... to cr'Mvate friendly re
lations with all nations. Such a policy means
the cultivation of peace, instead of the glorifica
tion of war."
Baron d'Estournelles has referred to Presi
dent Roosevelt's promotion of international
peace as "the grand and decisive services to the
cause of international arbitration by the United
States, and particularly by President Roosevelt."
The President has just invited the nations of
the world to reassemble in an international
peace conference zt The Hague.
"It is a fact, and frankly conceded, that,
Utough our party be successful in the coming
contest, we cannot hope to secure a majority of
tho Senat* during th»» next four years, and
hence v. o Fhall be unable to secure any modifi
cation of the tariff."- Parker, In letter of ac
ceptance.
j Thirty Senate seats are to be filled by March
' 4, and of these twenty-three are occupied by
! Republicans. Twelve Senators will be elected
j from States which the Democrats declare doubt-
I ful. Were their claims verified the Democrats
i would control the Senate by two votes. Two
{ years hence thirty more Senate seats must be
j filled, including ten now held by Republicans,
i eeven from States in which the Democrats
: would work most hopefully in the event of their
■ success this fall. A Democratic national victory
i would practically assure a Democratic majority
I in the Senate by the middle of Parker's term.
Parker, It; his address to certain Democratic
editors, recommended an attack on the
! '•profligacy" of the Republican administration.
declaring that President Roosevelt found, on
; assuming omce. a surplus of 180,000,006, which
■ he has transformed into a deficit of $42,000,000.
: Official records for the fiscal year ending June
! 30, ISO 4, showed an apparent deficit of approxi
{ mately $40,000,000. but as in that year $50,000,000
; was paid for the Panama Canal and $4,500,000
■ loaned to the Louisiana Purchase Exposition
| there was actually $12,000,000 surplus over or- j
' dinary expenditures.
• Mr. Parker has twice asserted that trie Phil
; lppin«s have cost this country $650,000,000. and
| has once said that over 200.060 lives have been
' sacrificed since the Philippines became an
; American possession.

I The cost of the Philippines, including the |
' t2O.COO.CCO paid to Spain, amounted up to May i
! 1, 1902. to 5139,000.000. The entire cost amounts j
to $194,180,000 up to June 30. 1904. The total ■
\ loss of troops in the American army amounted j
to 4,222 men. The Filipino loss was less than ,
10,000, a total of 14.000, against Parker's 200,000. j
On October 15 P.irker. in a speech on the i
Philippines, made five distinct charges regard- i
! in*; the administration of th<> islands, as follows: j
; First, that the officials are corrupt, inefficient, j
j dishonest and despotic; second, that agricult- ;
■ orally the land Is ruined and going to waste; '
i third, that taxation is excessive; fourth, that ,
i ladVones rule whole districts and terror reigns; ;
i fifth, that there is no freedom of speech, that j
private citizens are under a system of espionage, I
and that th«? press la subsidized. ;
i
On October 23 Governor Wright (Democrat) I
cabled the War Department from Manila, deny- i
ing explicitly and in detail each and every one
'of Mr. Parker's unfounded allegations, and
proved them, by facts and statistics, to be ut- ;
terly without foundation.
Parker, in a recent speech on th*s tariff, after •
referring to the tariff laws of 1546 and 1857.
said: "At this point in our history the tariff
Question ceased temporarily to be an Issue in
American politics. It disappeared bo completely
that when the Republican party was formed i
nobody thought of reviving it, end there Is good I
reason for believing that it never would have I
been revived but for the Civil War, which (
CoatlßMg «a third pa*-*. j
PRESIDENT BUTLER OP COLUMBIA AND ALUMNI MABCHING DOWN THE LIBRARY STEPS ON THE WAY TO THE
GYMNASIUM.
TRY TO BLIND PURSUER.
Speeding Automobilists in Fifth-aye.
Spurt Ammonia at Policeman.
Bicycle Policeman Debes. of the Tenderloin sta
tion, has been one of the most active men on the
fores In arresting automobilists who speed their
machines in Flfth-ave. He was at Elghteenth-st.
and Flfth-ave. last night when a machine shot by
him at a rate of thirty-five miles an hour. Me
sprinted after it. How it passed Twenty-third-st.
at the speed it was going without a collision ho
considers a marvel. Men and women ran out ot
the way, cars were stopped, carriages of all descrip
tions were pulled into the side of the avenue, and
even other automobiles were run out of the way of
the flying machine.
Two men sat In It, with two women and a driver.
The women were laughing, and waved their hand
kerchiefs at Debes as they passed, while the men
puffed cigar smoke at him.
"Faster!" cried ihe women at Dehes as he rode.
Crowds stood on the curbs a Ion; the avenue and
at Madison Square to see the race, which lasted
over a mile. At Fortieth-6t. Debes had caught up
with the machine and was ridins Just behind It.
B-idd«<^ly he felt ammonia spurt into his face from
the rear of the machine. The automobilists had
tried to blind him. He stopped so sharply that his
front wheel was pulled off the ground and he rolled
along on the rear wheel. The front wheel then
went down with a bang and the tire burst. Debes
nas out ot the rare. The women laughed and the
men critc. out "Ta: la!*" a* Debes was left behind.
A DEATH BED MARRIAGE.
Woman Expires After Ceremony in
Bcllevue Hospital.
With her hand clasped in that of the man to
whom she had been married fifteen minutes be
fore. Mrs. Elizabeth Henry died in Bellevue Hos
pital on Friday. She went to the hospital a
week ago yesterday from her home. No. 414
West Twenty-flfth-st.. suffering from tuber
culosis. The physicians from the first had no
hope of saving her life, although she fought to
live.
"I cannot die," she moaned; "there are so
many things for me to do."
To the nurses she often spoke of her fiance\
"I want to die 'Jim's' wife," Phe said.
On Friday afternoon Dr. Lancaster saw that
the woman's condition wan desperate. He asked
her what she wanted done.
" Send for •Jim." " was her only request.
Messengers hurried after Mr. Henry. He went
at once to the hospital, and was taken to the
bedside of the dying woman. She explained her
wishes. She wanted to die his wife.
He consented, and Father Garvln, of the Car
melite Church, in Twenty-eighth-st.. was called
to the bedside. With some of the hospital at
tendants for witnesses Father Garvin pro
nounced the words that made the couple man
and wife. Smiling, the dying woman drew her
husband's head down on the pillow beside her
own. And so she died.
She was buried yesterday.
CRASH IN NEJV-ROCHELLE
Two Passengers Seriously Hurt —
Women Cut by Glass.
Two trolley cars on the Huckleberry Railroad
came together in North-pt.. New-Rochelle, yester
day, with such a crash that there was not a piece
of glass left in either of them big as a dollar.
William Bantel'and David Leary were seriously
hurt. They were found unconscious under th«
wrecked cars. Eantel. who is the son of ex-Alder
man Matthew Bantel. was carried to the office of
a doctor, who found that his head was cut and that
his skull was injured. Leary was injured internal
ly. Half a Cozen women in the wrecked cars were
cut by klqfs.
The accident was caused by th* high speed of the
Tuckahoe car. The mntorman of the North-st. car
paw it coming, be says, at the rate of twenty miles
an hour. He stopped his car and rang for the
other mntorman to slow up. Both motormen had
Jumped when the cars came together.
MOORS FIRE ON FOREIGNERS.
American Shot at on the Larache River —
German Reported Killed.
London, Oct. 81.— According to a Tangier dla
patch to "The Times," an American and two
German sailors, while boating on the Larache
River, were fired at. Their fate is unknown.
Another dispatch from Tangier to "The Dally
Telegraph" reports that a German was killed at
Larache.
DRIVER DIES ON HORSECAR.
Falls Into Arms of Two Men Riding on
Platform.
Frederick Buttliager. fifty years old. dropped dead
un the front platform of tht> Qr«nd-»t. car lie was
.Irlilr.s last night, falling Into the arms of J. Rojien
le!fr. of No. 45 East Broadway and Frederick Lewis,
of No 40 Orchard-st . who were riding oa the plat
form They stopped the car and carried Buttlinger
to the sidewalk. When an ambulance arrived frum
St. Vincent's Hospital he wus dead.
FOOD VALUE.
In selecting Condensed Milk it Is important to
obtain j brand that runs uniform in quality and
contains the full percentage of Butter Fats, which
is tvs chief food value of Condensed Milk, Borden's
Brands can always ot relied Advt.
CALL FOR PEACE CONFERENCE.
SECRETARY HAY EMBODIES PRESIDENTS WISHES
>; . IN NOTE TO DIPLOMATS.
Suggest* Consideration of Rigkts and Duties of Neutrals, Inviolability of
Private Property and Bombardment of Ports.
Washington. Oct. 30.— 1n a circular note Secretary Hay has carried out the Presi
dent's instructions relative to proposing a second Hague conference. The note not
only contemplates the reassembling of The Hague conference for the consideration
of questions specifically mentioned by the original conference as demanding further
attention, such as the rights and duties of neutrals, the inviolability of private prop
erty in naval warfare and the bombardment of ports by naval force, but practically
indorses the project of a general system of arbitration treaties and the establishment
of an international congress, to meet periodically in the interests of peace. The
issue of the call while the present war is in progress is justified by the fact that
the first Hague conference was called before our treaty of peace with Spain was con
cluded. The note is sent to the representatives of the United States accredited to the
governments signatories to the acts of The Hague conference, 1899. Its full text fol
lows :
Department of State,
Washington, October 21. 10^4.
Sir: The peace conference which assembled at
The Hague on May 18, 1S1»O. marked an epoch in
the history of nations. Called by his majesty
the Emperor of Russia to discuss the problems
of the maintenance of general peace, the regula
tion of the operations of war and the lessening
of the burdens which preparedness for eventual
war entails upon modern peoples, Its labors re
sulted in the acceptance by the signatory powers
of conventions for the peaceful adjustment of
international difficulties by arbitration, and for
certain humane amendments to the laws and
customs of war by land and sea. A great work
was thus accomplished by the conference, while
other phases of the general subject were left to
discussion by another conference In the near
future, such as questions affecting the rights
and duties of neutrals, the Inviolability of pri
vate property In naval warfare, and th« bom
bardment of ports, towns and villages by a naval
force.
Among th» movements which prepared the
minds of governments for an accord in the direc
tion of assured peace among men, a high place
may fittingly be given to that set on foot by the
Interparliamentary Union. From its origin In
the suggestions of a member of the British
House of Commons, in It's*, it developed until
its membership included large numbers of dele
gates from the parliaments of the principal na
tions, pledged to exert their influence toward
the conclusion of treaties of arbitration between
nations and toward the accomplishment of
peace. Its annual conferences have notably ad
vanced the high purposes it sought to realize.
Not only havo many international treaties of
arbitration been concluded, but in the conference
held in Holland in 1894 the memorable declara
tion In favor of a permanent court of arbitra
tion was a forerunner of the most important
achievement of the Peace Conference of The
Hague In 1899.
THE PEACE CONFERENCE'S WORK.
""he annual conference of the Interparliamen
tary Union was held this year at St. Louis, in
appropriate connection with the World's Fair.
Its deliberations were marked by the same noble
devotion to the cause of peace and to the wel
fare of humanity which had inspired its former
meetings.
By the unanimous vot: of delegates, active or
retired members of the American Congress, and
of every Parliament in Europe with two excep
tions, the following resolution was adopted:
"Whereas. Enllgntened public opinion and
modern civilization alike demand that differences
between nations should be adjudicated and set
tled in the same manner as disputes between in
dividuals are adjudicated, namely, by the arbit
rament courts in accordance with recognized
principles of law, this conference requests the
several governments of the world to send dele
gates to an international conference, to be held
at a time and place to be agreed upon by them,
for the purpose of considering.
"First— questions for the consideration of
which the conference at The Hague expressed a
wish that a future conference be called.
"Second— The negotiation of arbitration
treaties between the nations represented at the
conference to be convened.
"Third— The advisability of establishing an In
ternational Congress, to convene periodically for
the discussion of International questions.
"And this conference respectfully and cordially
requests the President of the United States to
Invite all the nations to send representatives
to euch a conference."
On the 24th of September, ultimo. these reso
lutions were presented to the President by a
numerous deputation of the Interparliamentary
Union. The President accepted the charge of
fered to him, feeling it to be most appropriate
that the Executive of the nation which had wel
comed the conference to its hospitality should
give voice to its Impressive utterances in a cause
which the American government and people hold
dear. He announced, that he would at an early
day invite the other nations, parties to The '
Hague conventions, to reassemble, with a view j
to pushing forward toward completion the work
already begun at The Hague, by considering the |
questions which the first conference had left un
settled, with the express provision that thtre
should be a second conference.
In accepting this trust the President was not
unmindful of the fact, so vividly brought hr>me
to all th? world, thnt a great war is now in
progress. He recalled th* circumstance that at
the time when, on August 24. 1808, his majesty
ib«» Emperor of Russia, sent forth his Invitation
to the nations to meet In the interests of peace,
the United States and Fpain had merely halted
In their struggle, to devi-e terms of peace. While
at the present moment no armistice between
the parties now contending is in night, the f JCt
Of an existing war Is no reason why the nations
should relax the efforts they have so success
fully made hitherto toward the adoption of rules
of conduct which xna? make mere remote the
chances of future wars between them. In ISOO
the conference of The Hague dealt solely with
the larger general problems which confront all
nations, and assumed no function of interven
tion or suggestion in the settlement of the terms
of peace between the United States and Spain.
It might be the same with .i reassembled con
ference at the presejjl time, Its efforts would
naturally lie In the affection of further codifica
tion of the universal ideas of right and justice
which we call International law; its missiun
would be to gfoa them future effect.
The President directs that you will bring the
foregoing considerations to the attention of the
Minister for Foreign Affairs of the government
to «Mrh y.>u are accredited, and, in discreet
conference with him. ascertain to what extent
that sov.-rn merit is disposed to act in the matter.
Should. h!» «•*• ■■•lltwy Invite suggestion as to
th» <'ha"»rr»r of in- questions to be brought \ic
fojf th* proposed second peace conference, you
may »a y to htm {hat at this tlm» It would scorn
premature to couple the tentative invitation
thus extended with a categorical programme of
subjects of discussion. It Is only by comparison
of views that a general accord can he reached
as to the matters to be considered by the new
conference. It Is desirable that in th? formula
tion of a programme the distinction should he
kept cle;.'- between the matters which belong
to the province of international law and those
which are conventional as between individual
governments. The final act of the Hague Con
ference, dated July 29. IS9O. kept this distinc
tion clearly In sight. Among the broader gen
eral questions affecting the right and Justice of
the relation of sovereign states which were then
relegated to a future conference were the
rights and duties of neutrals, the Inviolability
of private property in naval warfare and the
bombardment of ports, towns and villages by a
naval force. The other matters mentioned in the
final act take th* form of suggestions for con
sideration by interested governments.
POINTS TO BE DISCUSSED.
The three points mentioned cover a large field.
The first, especially, touching the rights and
duties of neutrals, is of universal importance.
Its rightful disposition affects the interests and
wellheiriK of all the world. The neutral is
something more than an onlooker. His acts of
omission or commission may have an influence-
Indirect, but tangible — on a war actually in
progress: while, on the other hand, he may
suffer from the exigencies of the belligerents.
It is this phase of warfare whvh deeply en:
cerns t ( i»- world at large. Efforts have ho ;
made time ai>d again to formulate rules of ac
tion applicable to its more material aspect*, as
in the Declarations cf Paris. as recently as
April 28 of this year the Congress of th«
United States adopted a resolution reading thus:
"Resolved by the Senate and House of Repre
sentatives of the United States* of America. In
Congress assembled. That it is the sense at the
Congress of the United States that It is desir
able. in the interest of uniformity of action by
the* maritime states of the world in time of war,
that the President endeavor to bring about an
understanding among the principal maritime
powers with a view of incorporating into the
permanent law ~f civilized nations the principle
of the exemption" of all private property at sea.
not contraband of war from capture or destruc
tion by belligerents.
• "Approved. April 2S. 1004."
Other matters closely affecting the rights of
neutrals are the distinction to he mad* between
absolute and conditional contraband of war and
the inviolability of the official and private cor
respondence of neutrals.
As for the duties of neutrals toward the bellig
erent, the field is scarcely less broad. One as
pect deserves mention, from the prominence it
has acquired during recent times, namely, the
treatn-ent due to refugee belligerent ships in
neutral ports.
It may also be desirable to consider and adopt j
a procedure by which states non-s'gnatory to j
the original acts of the Hague Conference may
become adhering parties.
You will explain to his excellency the Min
ister of Foreign Affairs that the present over
ture for a second conference to complete the
postponed work of the first conference is not
designed to supersede other calls for the con
sideration of special topics, such as the proposi
slt on of the government of the Netherlands,
recently Issued, to assemble for the purpose of
amending the provisions of the existing ' Hague
Convention with respect to hospital ships. Like
all tentative conventions, that one Is open t>\
change !n the light of practical experience, and
the fullest deliberation is desirable to thut sad,
Finally, you will state the President's desire
and hope that the undying memories which cling
around The Hague m* the cradle of Use t>ene:t
cent work which had its r.««<innins In 1>IX» may
be strengthened hy hotdlnc th« second peace
conference in that historic city.
I am. sir. your obedient servant.
JOHN BAT.
PRICE THREE CENTS.
COLUMBIA'S CELEBRATION
BISHOP DOANE PREACHES.
Thirty Thousand Persons Expected
at Exercises To-day.
The devotional and musical service In the gym*
naaium of Columbia University yesterday, part
of the university* celebration of its l"»Oth anni
versary, attracted a large attendance of alumni
and undergraduates of the institution. Every
seat in the gymnasium was filled before the ser
vice began at 3:30 p. m.. and a large number of
people were turned away because there was no
room for them.
The service was impressive, and the seranop.
preached by Bishop Doane. of Albany, was
listened to with marked interest ana attention.
A procession from the library preceded the ser
vice, the faculty accompanying Bishop Doane to
the gymnasium. The academic procession
started about 3 p. m. All the professors wore
their caps and gowns. President Butler and
Bishop Doane brought up the rear. The faculty
and trustees took seats on the platform on their
arrival In the gymnasium.
The devotional part of the service was con
ducted by the Rev. Dr. George R. Van De
Water, chaplain of the university, and Included
a portion of the Episcopal evening prayer, a
reading of the Scripture lesson. th» Apostles*
Creed, a special prayer for the country and *
prayer used by Bishop Lancelot Andrexves. of
Winchester. In 1609. when he was. cate?h:st at
Jesus College. Oxford. England. The music mm
elaborate, rendered by the choir of St Bar
tholomew's Church, assisted by an orchestra.
both under the direction of Richard Henry
Warren.
The opening number was '-prelude to Athalie."*
Mendelssohn. It was followed by a proc?s?ionnl
hymn. The most impressive and beaatifa] of
the numbers was the "Te Deurr. Lnudamus."
The music was by Edward Elgar. and the words
we're an ancient hymn, versified in Latin by
Ambrose. Bishop of Milan, in the fourth eviUWJ.
It is commonly called the Ambrosia r> Te D-uzn.
The other music consisted of the Columbia
University hymn. "Stand. Cotumbia. Through
the Storms of Time Abide': the national hymn.
My Country 'Tis oi Thee. ' «M a verse •*-
tolling Columbia interpolated; the ■■Hal;:.-'.-;j.»l»
Chorus." from the "Messiah." Handel, and ih»
recessional hymn. "God of Our Fathers."
BISHOP DOANE SERMON.
In his sermon Bishop Donne sail in part:
If I may condense Into two pliras«t th*> points
on which lam to speak *«" you ••- .lay. ",\ .
courteous selection of ibis university, ! snovda put
them into two contrasted hat not contradictory ex
r>reaMons— religious education, educated rel!s;.>n. m
the first I say most emphatically th.v I atn :i tlrra
believer Education, if it is to cc the drawing out.
the development, of la* whol- man cannot on.it
the most immortal, cwentol; et- rn.»l part of h!«
nature. The Weal school, the Weal college the
Ideal university :-• the churrtl s.^-01. «be rhui. a
<•..!!••**■ t^e church university. Tut we are con
fronted with conditions in twentieth century Amer
;.-a wMch surroun.l this idc;i with innumerable •iim
rult'es. because in this, as in so many other serious
': V V it mean* schools, collets, universities of
churches and that nv-.n? magnifying differences
and multiply!"* divisions. The theory of rel.sious
teachine by the v. roer of .-» vrse or two of scrip
ture read in a common school (that is. a Kbool
common to all children* makes and masnin*s in
stead of meetlni th« difficulty. h.-'-::>«.-- '■ <\ \y**
lines amena citizens hetweea the OH an.l th«* New
Testament, between the Douay an.l the kins James
%< That l the mudy of rh- Pible for Its literary -,'«"•
t even r"f"r/to ibis question 1 % ..U:n.v pr-Pos
tero-i* Teachfra re»i«ri»n without drflmte aootrln*
!; °n l»pni»»"»y »» "n-l.^mriti.- • •hri^Unlty »
an Invertebrate imagination. It is. M»r.l for m to
conceive of ethics apirt from * :trlne To teac^
the Sermon on the Mrunt and to „.••-.,! teirhlrs
the Preacher of that s'rmon as "the Lieht and th»
li.. of the World" ** to ?ay the least nT It. Inade
quate! And yet there is a ?<>rt oi common law of
morals which, think God. mum -..m- into every
effort to sh.ip- and ir.0i.1.1 *»ra«-t»r. allhoush unre
>iKinoa morality lack- alike its f*>">»-r!»«> n- of .o«n
datton and it» cir.-u!atirn of ii:- -,- -mi ffraoe W»
must Have oi:r c.irmon *>bo*ts unrpiivtana so far M
t»a^h:rie doitriw* Is concern.-.!, but this n*e« not
make thfm irreligious And w« must ?nv -hands
off" from our common «--T. v.l furrt to any -lor.omi
nattonal schools of ary r.-»u.»» V. hat solution -.a
bo found of all these, difficulties, so easy to Mule,
so hard to remove? fc »
ri,.,.,.,,|| religion It jffr.i? to me means mat
t«k ns i man in h!s Whole fourfold rat,;..-, wa
shall mi bis mini from ignorance. hl * l >:? r ™'*£
■eothnentalbm. his soul from super* J*»*>n. hi»
body from the power or he passion D f a r.,v.te:
that he shall be lau«hl »*■ prr.vo how r*a»oii dif
fer* from rationalism, love from superfl;-t»l -r
p:i=.«ion-.fe emotion, belief from biarofry or sriirit
»»i blindness, physical fo»«# from mere anlrnali?m.
Which is the mor* dansertws trr*««tou» educaton
or vrieWnted religion. I 'm unaM« to say. but I
am mire we nee-I to prove tho difioreafs anrt ■■»
approve »b«« emeeltcnf thins roMmbla I niversity
«rktul* X thin* for educated religion. ißteßsctaally,
?r Th^e : - no^n^t.Sr^nn^ rh.r thai wh>or»
woulrt i»ad out and rttle mm rfa^on f-..m ' i.-- >c •-
v.cc and the ntudy of Cod. Tojheyis w h M £
the dlvin- element In man. havtaS in |t J»IT WWIJ
rwwqitial corr»»p»»t»*?B«p with the y»w n-.rre -f
God that it is a sort of "«?-ep ar.sw^r.nK to .ie ? iv
a* fa^e to face in a gla«» It is t*i-» Jtijttow** «
approach, the ladder of arc*** b«w---n the h.im»i
,-'i he divine mind. Revelation a<Wi«r**e« »»»I«i
first tn its fasts an i then in If* ii rgrumer. to r*:
"A Uack in the dimmest arl fiirthe*: orf rirre,
of otterwne* »he irain»inVenl Irani ar«uiaer.i w.in
th» Ti;t;n .lob was GoJa appeal to his t*t=»Oß
ins Intelnsrace.
••BELIEVK-NOTHINCTOL'DO-XOT-KNOW
ISM."
It Is a TBtetwe of reasoning, to a istgrse that is
most unreasonable and srtf«c©o«radißtOTX. tf> rejects
its deduction*, rr.ictird tbrotr^h irresistibly pro-
Rr ,.. = jv«> st«>p-. on the |*WWI €»! not ■■••nip'otVM. '-
mi: t !>«•»*. deductions. Wh •• i" s»tf-*tyie«l by ri
ever- cboser. ar.rt Mlf-rQ&Semniac nsm*. .-.snost!
'■i!>m. know-n"ti;sr>?-lsm. h*M»v.>-n<.thin>;-th.-it-you«
flr>-n<'t-kii"»--i<«m. if i! folly which wvsiW he ra<*(V
i:i20«l a* * ;..i<i.i! In Its „Ritilne«*. if It w.- s applied
te the "•■■ thousand am! on*"' ■■' th» Ml»mMinfa.'«
of dally 'if- And •>"•• *s»»l conviction* »f r«-!iston.
whirl) hoM m*r t»*t ta tr-:rh. are int^T^ljr
s'r«n«fh^Tif <\ ;in.T '.nfln'.i^ly <I*-e;jen«»«l. a* the min<l is
trained to •!*»• itsK fac.ilty of maoatns; In aspirin*
ItseTf ,T'..>':t truth. It is* iinr»i- in* >ir.i'it«'::<c» .->.,•!»
»h!rh is rni-'t of all to be nre,-i-!-.l Jr. a rellsiotsa
mar. b*c<vi««» such •■ man erasr>« wßttl h«> his. not
with the ?trnn«c. ■nwwl'w srr>- of m».it il ■ v.nvi.-
tl.->n. but with the flabby clutch of feeling or of
faarv.
.'•i«r a« th«* mir-.i r*«»<l» trnirtnsr fa kr^ri rt*»i»on>
■wit ■ p Sr* lin»« and limitation;*, outside of which
tt k,.,.,. « tbfli rr>"..«r mr ■<.•■>!■■■; t>"'ntr .~;M".1
r-»»!on*l!«»n. s.-> this •aenlrjr •>( •..>■* „„. j c r-rtlrMntr
that It rr..iv cn-ve how faith <hr*»r«! from r>'jr^T»y
and !Mir*rstlt!or; »ml II ;«••' • riM •••ti that it
rvav prov how if" 1 fjil^* .-hirers f*"l»l th»» true.
It ha« h*en th* fa*hii>n .«om*time» t ■• admire int%
it is Kt^l <S«<alS>n< rlsrht In r***i»ta <j;irmpr* •»
advocate kttlt th*" ran,* of fjiith a blind sub
tni«ston of all ;'• r«iina! r*sr..>n«ih'iitv r| ih>nktnsj
to an n;iT«!<> authority. S<">m»t lm»l m»* < » »h-<r authority
's rails I IBM TtibV. .«ome'liT«'fi it hi f"ii!-^l th-» Church.
Put. after all. th»ri» cntn«s to i»verv man th" n«^«Na
sity of »»<»stjrinT Mnss»lf what th«» mtiie Is and what
Is the HIM*. If la not th«» f<~tt«h th if it hi* «nm»>-
Mrn*>a h«»*n made to b» as though me arc- -. t bo.nn<l
boole in It* r-r's^nt KnsslUh translation hail f»IVn
down from h»avm l : ke the statue of th«> *ren»
gwftttaH D;-«na in Fp*>.su». It is a con>cti«n of
'■n ; r,n* pr.->erf-s«tv^ writing*. nrb ere of which ban
•»«• :»psijrr>*-'1 Tvrt to piny in tl'-t I --- «■>»>.> itbtsrl for which
thfv were wrlHon. rnirely. to reveal Gcd and to>
testify to Jesus Cbr'sf.
THIRTY THOUSAND PERSONS EXPECTEDs.
Fully thirty thousand, persons are mpset«4 to
at»**nd th*« formal e?r#rc««iej» at Columbia to-day.
Thousands of alvmnl from out of town u.^re ar
riving tr th« city yesterday, and many of them
were bringing their wives. Th.^v come from all
parts of th» country, from Maine to California.
One-hundred-and-sixteenth-st., near The wM
v.'-rsitv. will be closed to the sjsvevsd public
pearly all <\*y to-<?»y. as space In the university
grounds will have to be reserved for the rshimn'.
undergraduates, faculty, trustees and invited
guests. Many who no to the grounds will rld«
on special subway tra!r» to One-hundrr^-anct
sixteenth-st. A strong force of pol'c? v.-'il be
present to prevent overcrowding at any point.
The exercises on th»» university groups « ri
to begin at It a. m. with the laying of th« cor
nerstones of the n?w School of Mines building^
the new chapel. Hartley n a ii an the new,
dormitory, nil of which ar» under construc
tion. Various r?ass<»s of the university. som«
!.s far back as '.'A vr'.u h^>!<? reunion* alt over
the cairpus whlie las services In connection
with the ifiyin^ of Urn essjsMvstjeota: are. in
progress.
At 220 p. m. the:; will to* a procession tram

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