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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, November 27, 1904, Image 4

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GARRISON'S BRAVE STAND.
XOGI AGAIX REPULSED.
Si md Reports Failure of the At
tack on November si.
Pt. Petersburg. Nov. 20— A dispatch received
from General Kuropatkin. dated November 20.
saya that he received to-day the following dis
patch from Lieutenant General Stoessel:
"The Japanese on November 21 made a new
attack on Port Arthur, but were repulsed."
X report from General Xogl. mae> public at
Toklo. eald that on the cicht of November 2 tha
K'JEsljujs made a counter attack on the. troops be
fore Kikwan Hill and were repulsed. General
Stoesscl's message may refer to earlier actions on
that day.
JAPAN'S AIMS BLOCKED.
Failure of Plans to Drive Unmans
from Manchuria.
Moukder.. Nor. — Th« lapse of six -weeks
■without fishtin* en any large seal© and the un
expected demonstration of force which the Rus
sians have been aMe to make since the depletion
of their army In tIM battle of Shakhe River em
phasize conclusively ihe failure of the Japanese
to prevent the assemi of a large Russian army
In Manchuria before spring, thus defeating the
ftrategry of the Japanese ar.<l their plans for an
rarly occupation of all Manchuria.
This Mtconw. taken in connection with the
general situation, appears to guarantee that
with the openins of ■price there will begin a
contest far more terrible than any yet fought,
■which points to the termination of the war in
the next campaign. It is «=tlll possU)lo that there.
V.-111 be a general ( nc;ipcmnit In the winter, but
the weather 1? now uncertain, and seemingly
renders It Impossible for the troops of either
army to abandon their present shelters.
Gradual changes have been made In the dif
ferent departments of the Russian army pince
the abolition cf the vlceroyalty. as AJexieffs
partisans have returned to Europe with him.
The hostilities are no^v characterized by In
dividual efforts of a moFt daring and dangerous
character. One re?ult of the proximity of the
Russians and Japanese along the 6hakhe has
teen the occasional blowing up of houses by
the outpost «
The Chinese authorities have taken prelimi
nary steps to bring rrain from the north an<l
to Etor* It for the use of the starving farmers
an<s villagers. This action was forced bf the
destitution which is pr*vlent for some twenty
miles behlr.d thp Russian army, -which Is com
mandeering all grain ar,l other food supplier,
enfl also because of the fear that the army will
move north again.
The Russians will not allow grain to pass
through their lir.es from the Sunsari Basin,
•which is the main dependence of the inhabitants
through the area occupied by the armies, to the
mountains in the east, and also to Hsin-Min-
TTun and other neutral soil
Except for troops, the depopulation along the
Russian position seems to be complete, and the
villages are befna; rapidly obliterated.
Russian apecttlatora are confident that the
army wOl hold Its own, ar.d are storing straw
end other SOPpUss. with a view to the coming
of a time when higher prices can be obtained.
As has been the case in all wars, there is a wide
complaint that speculators and army contrac
tors are fleecing the government, and the Ruf
rians are Cresly denouncing them as the par
ticular curse of th'-ir country.
JbOXE TREE HILL ATTACK.
Russians Repel Japanese on Xovem
her 24 — Skirmishes.
Mnukden. Nov. 28.— The Japanese on Novem
fcsr 24 ag.-iin made a preliminary bombardment
of PovtlloS (Lone Tree) Hill, under the cover
of which they attacked, but were repulsed.
There were encounters at other places along
the front, but they were h tre of email
brashes, ar.i mostly I . at eight. Yes
fcarday there was a light fall of snow, and the
BBViiliy now tun all the appearance of winter.
Japanese attempts guns on Huantay
Hill have Called. P.u'Pian chasseurs have occu
pied the wood m r Lone Tree Hill.
JAPANESE USING OLD GUNS.
Apparent Lack of Modern Artillery on the
Shakhe — A Kuse.
Fidlatun. Fix Miles East of Fhakhe, Nov. 26.
•—Since November 23 then have been light en
gagwnent.-' day and nigln. On November _'4
Japanese an: uy began firing on Nodgorod
Hill, using old style castiron Bhella with copper
bands. Scratches on these shells, Russian ar
tillerymen say. Indicate that they wer- fired
from mout guns. It Is evident that the Jap
anese are exerting every effort to increase the
Bsanbar of their guns, ai.d In the lack of quick
firing artillery tlwy are bringing up guns of
oid oonatrttctkm. This Ss confirmed by state
ments made by China** that large numbers of
•vroriiout cannon are In Liao-Yang.
Near the village of Xanganza for several
days a figure In full Russian uniform had been
observed in a sitting posture, and. it was sup
posed, WOUlded, but each attempt at rescue
was met with a mnrderoua fire, rendering ap
proach Impossible. At last six men succeeded
in creeping up, and found a decomposing body,
•which they were able. In the face of a furious
fire, to drag fifty feet. Xext day the body
•was discovered to be in the came place, the
Japanese evidently using it as a decoy, know
ing that the Russians would make every effort
to rescue the body. A few volunteers* finally
rescued the dead man under cover of dark
ness. He was recognized as a corporal of the
■VVilmanstrar.d regiment., who had been killed
Bix weeks ago.
Japanese prisoners create amuaeOMnt. They
<3o not know what country St. Petersburg is In
«r.4 when they are Jokingly offered their re
lease they refuse to accept it, and beg to be
allowed to remain prisoners. They are well
but lightly dressed.
Cures Grip and
Now that the season for Colds, <.'oughs and
Kenr&lglc Pain Is with us, tLe caroful man is on
the lookout for «ucL preventive measures as will
ptiirf him against the "eager and nipping air"
' that may prepare the way for a winter's sick
r.e^
It If not accessary to look far for a prevents
end cure; at the nearest drug store you will find
Dr. Humphreys' "Seventy-seven." Those who
habitually carry and tak« "77" at the first sneeze
«r «hlT«r rarely have a serious Cold or Illness.
. At Druggist*. 2« r cents, or mailed
impbrajrC Medicine Co.. Cor. William ajid
Jcha Streets, Xew York. * m *""
A L EX l EFF R EMO FED.
Report That Admiral Has Lost Vice
regal Poxvers.
London, Nov. 26. — A dispatch to a news agen
cy from St. Petersburg says that an imperial
rescript has been issued which relieves A<lmiral
Alexieff from the office of viceroy In the Far
East. The rescript dwells on the admiral's
services, and awards to him the decoration of
the order of St. George, third degree.
DIVISION AT SUEZ.
All Vodkersam's Warships to Leave
Port To-day.
Suez, Nov. 26. — The Russian battleships Slssol
Vellky. flagship of Rear Admiral Voelkersam,
and Navarln arrived here to-day from Port
Said. The flagship exchanged salutes with the
British cruiser Hermione, ■while the band of the
Navarin played the British anthem, followed by
the 'Marseillaise" and the Khedival hymn. The
other ships of t'r.e division followed at short in
tervals, and all the vessels are anchored in the
Suez Itoads.
The passage of the canal was effected in the
most satisfactory manner and without Incident
Seven destroyers have moved outside the
three-mile limit, the authorities having warned
them that their twenty-four hours expired at
4:30 o'clock this afternoon.
The destroyers later returned here and coaled
from transports.
The division will sail on Sunday morning at 4
o'clock.
Th- Russian warships will be escorted as far
as Shadwan Island, at the entrance of the Red
Sea. by two EpypUan roast guard cruisers, the
Abbs and the N'our-el-Bahr.
RUSSIANS REACH CHERBOURG.
Part of Baltic Fleet's Second Division
Sighted in North Sea.
Cherbourg, Nov. 26. — Pome Russian transports
and two torpedo boats from Skaw have an
chored In the roads here.
London, Nov. 26.— Skippers of steam herring
boats arriving at Lowestoft, ten miles south of
Yarmouth report that the second division of the
Russian Baltic fleet traversed the fishing
grounds fifteen mlif>s from Lowestoft about
midnight.. The warships used their searchlights,
signalled one another continuously and steamed
southward at a good speed.
BATTERED SHIPS AT VLADIVOSTOK
The Bogatyr and Gromoboi Still Badly
Damaged— Torpedo Boat Blown Up.
Nagasaki. Nov. 26".— A foreigner who left
Vladivostok on last Monday cays that in the
last month twenty steamers have arrived at
Vladivostok, bringing coal and supplies. Ho
also confirms previous reports that the Russian
protected cruiser Bogatyr, though not docked,
lg unserviceable, and is supported forward by
pontoons. The armored cruiser Gromoboi has
twenty-five frames broken and is badly strained.
Repairs on her will require some months.
A submarine boat which was brought from SL
Petersburg has completed several trials satis
factorily. The location of the harbor defence
mines Is uncertain, and torpedo boat No. 208
has been sunk and a German steamer has been
damaged by contact with mines.
CHELTEXHAM A PRIZE.
Russian Supreme Court Sustains the
Seizure of British Steamer.
St. Petersburg. Nov. 26.— The Supreme Prize
Court to-day confirmed the legality of the seiz
ure of the British steamer Cheltenham and her
cargo, captured by the Russians and taken to
Vladivostok early In July.
Vice-Admiral Avellan. head of the Russian,
Admiralty Department, presided over the delib
erations. Other members of the court were Pro
fessor Martens and Admiral Kaanakoff.
Counsel for the owners of the Cheltenham said
that the question of contraband was a compli
cated one and asked that a commission be ap
pointed to ascertain the weight and bulk of tha
respective portions of the cargo, which consisted
of 67.500 sleepers and 375 cases of beer. The
they held, was not necessarily intended
lor war purposes, and it was pointed out that the
part of the rargo that was of a contraband nat
ure must exceed that that was not contraband.
A sensation was caused at the opening of the
case when the official Fiatement was read. In
which it was asserted that the raptaln of the
Cheltenham informed a Russian lieutenant that
he was under instructions from the owners of
the vessel to hold himself at the disposal of the
Japanese government.
The court deliberated only twenty minutes, and
then said it could find no rea6on for the appoint
ment of a commission.
JAPAXESE COMPLAIXTS.
Baron Hayashi's Views on Aid Given
to Baltic Fleet.
London, Nov. 26.— Baron Fuyemafsu, son-in
law of Marquis Ito. President of the Japanese
Privy Coun< il. -ivho 5e comment was fully In
dorsed by Baron Hayashi. the Japanese Minister
here, discussing the Irritation of Japan at the
continued supply of British coal to vessels of
the Russian Baltic fleet, nald to-day:
We feel strongly that Europe in general Is as
sisting Russia in a way we never contemplated.
Even in England individuals are rendering
much indirect assistance. Although I do not
think the- Japanese are unduly nervous regarding
the effect of the arrival of the Russian squadron
in the Far East, it would never have been able
to jut to pea but for the assistance of subjects
of nf-utral States, in some case more or less offi
cially connived at.
Wii boat Knglish coal the Russian squadron
couid not have gone far. ar-1 It is my belief
that when contraband trade is being carried on
In such a wholesale and open fashion the gov
ernment concerned should take steps to pre
venl a continuance of action prejudicial to an
other I ; ecially when that nation hap
pens to be an ally. There Is all the greater ne
cessity for this when the action is prejudicial
lo the interests of both nation.*. The value of
the alliance to both Japan and <sreat Britain is
undeniable, and therefore it is the. bounden .iuty
of both to do everything possible to cement it
even to the extent of inventing means for doing
bo when they do not already exist.
CALLS THE REPORT ABSURD.
Lewis Luckenbach Says Russia Is Not Ne
gotiating for Two of His Boats.
A report was circulated yesterday In marine cir
cles that the Luckenbach Fhlps MePherson and
J. 1.. Iv-ickenbach. now lying at Twenty-sixth-st.,
Bouth Brooklyn, were being Inspected by agents of
t::e Russian government Lewis Luckenbach. owner
of the boats said last nlglit that the Idea of Russia
negotiating U r hia boats wa absurd
"Russia has never purchaa. d a boat In America"
said Mr. L«ckenbaefa. "Thii I. a long way for her
to com« for ships, and hhe can buy them at a
lower figure «m the other aide. The ships are in my
1 S trn^ n n f and 52 2?« bpressntiaf tho Rusal^
government ha« negotiated with me for th-m."
Kopar Lu'-kenhni'h one o f the firm, said laat P i.v.
l t s he jT M i"- 11".1 1 " .' i " nn l f nncro e r mrm thft report. l
Vorth fi«L T <f»baoh waa originally the old
r"huiß by l'« ?« if 1 , Ho^ken four yenrs ago. and
wn wn« Us.irf i k . enLa *- h company. The McPher-
Sli \Var a tra »^rt In Si Spanlsh-Arr" ri-
OXMT PEOPLE Wiri|* A p TITES WA.VTED
vy.rral Hr.tuumn,. tll-l ofl . r lempllnt dlnnrr .
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE SUNDAY. NOVEMBER 27. 1904.
A LIBERAL AI'TOCRACY.
View* of M. Souvorin on Xcedcd
Changes in Russia.
St. Petersburg. Nov. 26. — The result of the
conference of the zemstvo leaders ia still un
certain. Bureaucratic circles generally are of
tha opinion that the conference was a farce,
and that it will lead to nothing; but a vast
majority of the intelligent class Is convinced
that it has placed upon record the wishes of
practically the entire country. The conviction
prevailing in many quarters, however, is that
no change will be made Immediately. M. Sou
vorin, the veteran editor of the "Novoe Vremya,"
said to-day:
I certainly think the conference was highly
significant. It shows the necessity for a de
parture from the present system. Personally,
I do not agree with all of the zemstvo proposals.
Their memorial embodies to the last word the
science of constitutional government. I think
some form of national representation is bound
to come.
Our greatest need is freedom to work, think,
epeak and write. That freedom seems unattain
able under the present bureaucratic regime,
which compresses the activity of the whole na
tion and raises countless obstacles In the way of
personal initiative and enterprise. The diffi
culties surrounding the opening of a store, mill
or any kind of business prompted M. de Witte,
president of the Ministerial Council, some years
ago to draw up a memorandum "recommending
a removal of the vexatious treatment of private
enterprise, but his suggestions remained barren
of result. There was no lack of admirable ideas
in tho proposal.
We wont now the acts which the late M.
Plehve Introduced Into the law of 19<»2, enabling
the admission of consulting members to the
Council of Law. These acts have remained a
dead letter, owing to the opposition of the bu
reaucrats of the empire. Plehvo doubtless would
gradually Jiave extended the zemstvo system,
admitting peasants to small zemstvo units, and
would have introduced other reforms of a liberal
tendency. AI. de Witte was not far wrong when
he summed up Plehve with the words, 'You
will see that he wil! bring Russia to a consti
tution," but Plehve spoiled everything by pre
ceding the intended reforms with a policy of
repression and failed to give proper effect to his
own ideas.
I repeat we now want acts, not words. What
acts will follow the pronouncement of the zemst
vos I am not prepared to say, but, in my opin
ion, they should take the form of summoning
an elective body to act in a consultative ca
pacity to the sovereign, who should retain ab-
Eolute freedom to follow the recommendations of
the majority or minority, aa he might think
best.
M. de Witte does not believe in a constitutional
government for Russia, bu« prefers a benevolent
autocracy. I also think autocracy should be
preserved. Autocracy is no longer what it was.
Czars have given away many of their preroga
tives, such as vassalage and serfdom, and volun
tarily have curtailed absolute power by the
creation of zemstvos and various forms of colle
giate administration. It would not be a cur
tailment of the autocratic power to summon
representatives of the people, but rather a
strengthening of imperial authority, since it
would enable the monarch to know the true
needs and desires of his subjects.
The idea of M. Ignatief, former Minister of
the Interior, of a parliament to sit as a consulta
tive body, is worth reconsidering as the logleal
development of zemstvos, which would be a
ready made electoral college for the land par
liament. In my opinion, lt would be more pref
erable to have two houses, of which the higher
ehould take the place of the present Council of
the Empire, a part of which should be elected
and a part appointed; and the lower house to
be composed of members, each representing a
large constituency. Otherwise, the population
of 150,000,000 would make necessary a too un
wieldy lower house.
I am not in favor of granting representative
rights In some of the outlying regions like the
Caucasus. Central Asia, whose people are alien
races and not in sympathy with the, rest of the
empire. These it is advisable to leave on tho
same footing as the Territories of the United
States, until they are ripe for admission to what
we may call statehood.
My belief is that the changes should be intro
duced gradually. The first phnse should be the
introduction of the elected members to the
Council of the Empire, which would be a useful
Initiation of our statesmen and people into rep
resentative institutions.
Americans cannot realize the difficulty and
danger of suddenly introducing institutions here.
Even our statesmen are not versed In the arts of
fcovernment. M. Plehve gave an illustration of
promoting counter revolutionary associations of
workingmen, with the result that the associa
tions were utilized by the very 'movement
against which they were directed, the outcoma
of the experiment being continual strike riots at
Moscow and Poltava. The fact is, we have not
had the opportunity to learn the art of govern
ment. All our intelligent classes naturally are
Inclined to liberal ideas, 'but they have not ex
perience to apply them. All this sufficiently in
dicates the necogfiltj* for the greatest prudence
and caution in the manner of introducing th«
representative system... and the great danger in
adopting an ill digested Western constitution
wholesale.
Provided caution ia exercised, I cannot see
how the autocracy, which. I repeat, must remain
tho keystone of our system, will be imperilled
by the introduction of a representative system.
There Is absolute necessity for the safeguarding
of the autocracy in consequence of the views and
ideas of the peasantry. Peasants have not the
slightest idea of th^ meaning of constitution.
All their thoughts and desires are centred In
land. They believe the land ought to belong
to them, and they are convinced that the Little.
Father alone is able to satisfy what they regard
as legitimate aspirations. They look upoo bu
reaucrats, landlords and zemstvos aa parts of
the machinery which la preventing them from
obtaining more land to enable them to mitigate
their terrible poverty.
Count Tolstoy shares the opinion of the peas
ants on the land question. He told me -when last
I 6aw him that he would not fail before he died
to write a letter to the Czar advocating the doc
trines of Henry George. The absolute fidelity
of the peasants to the Czar, therefore, is based
upon an unshakable foundation. I am persuaded
to believe that the- intelligent classes also are
loyal.
There Is not the slightest ground to believe in
the success of a revolutionary movement in Rus
sia. Indeed, since the advent of *\\n Minister of
the Interior, Prince Sviatopolk-Mirsky, and his
appeal for mutual confidence, the tendency
among Influential and sober minded members
of the community Is all the other way. Political
demonstrations which formerly elicited sympa
thy from the people now call forth general con
demnation. A recent instance of this was at
Kharktff. A small crowd of students and work
ingmen attempted to rarnde th» streets with red
flags, but were disperse^ by the public without
apslPtance from the police.
Whatever the future may have In store, I am
convinced that a reversion to the Plehve sys
tem is impossible. Public opinion has developed
such fitrenerth under stress of our pr< Si
versities that stern repression is no longer ap
preciable. lam Rtill confident that the winter
of the. bureaucracy, which, like the Russian
winter, condemned us to a lon^r period of in
activity. Is gtviner way before the advent of
spriner. as I prophesied last year, although no
one then believed me. and the Russian springtide
season la marvellously <iuick In prowth.
LAWLESSNESS IN THE CAUCASUS.
Leaders of Band of Forgers at Large — A
Murder at Kutais.
Kutals. Transcaucasia. Nov. 26.— A sensational
story of lawlessness in the Caucasus has Just been
brought to light by the brutal murder, In the cen
tre of the town. In daylight, of th* chief witness
aminst a band of expert forgers. These men were
discovered five years ago to be forging patents of
nobility alleged to have been Issued by a former
King of Mlngrella. a formerly Independent princi
pality of th 6 Caucasus. The band Included many
high officials, who ."old the titles of nobility. Thn
leaders were Imprisoned by tho Governor and a
Judge, both of whom died suddenly and thn lent
-rs of the forsers were then discovered to bo at
large One of those who dlwppear.-d. and who It
a^ssf jrst* hlmself '" tht - Buck s2 ha
OBJECTION TO AMERICAN CONSUL.
Chili May Protest Against Mr. Wi nans-
Fears of Spread of Plague.
Lima. Peru, Nov. — It is reported here that
S«ftor Martinet, the Chilian Minister to the t'nlted
States, will request the State Department to cancel
the authorlratlon of Charles X winnns. American
Conaul at Iqulque, Chill, to take charge ad Interim
of the Peruvian consulate at that place. The re
quest. It Is stated, will be founded upon a charge
that Mr. Wlnans has given Improper bills of health
to steamers leaving lo.ulque.
While th» prevalence of bubonic plaguo hag not
been officially declared in Chill, lt is stated that
there are cases whl'h the Chilian government dally
'■onceals In order that steamers may not omit touch
ing at port» at which there are no sanitary regula
tions. This aliened action la considered a great
peril to the Peruvian coast, Panama and the entire
country bordering on the South Pacific OOSSW
FRAXCE UPHOLDS RUSSIA.
M. Dclcasse Stands Firmly by Treaty
— Xo Vatican Terms.
Paris, Nov. 26.— 1n the Chamber of Deputies
to-day the Foreign Minister, M. Delcasse. pro
tested against the criticism of the Franco-Rus
sian alliance in the report of the Committee on
Foreign Budget, which contains a number of
allusions unfavorable to Russia. Referring to
these, M. Delcasse said:
Never has the alliance been more necessary
and beneficial. Never has there arisen a better
occasion for proclaiming France's unwaver
ing fidelity to the alliance, which has so power
fully safeguarded the mutual interests of the
two countries.
This is significant of the firm attitude of the
government against a Socialist opposition to
Russia.
The commlttee'i report contains the follow
ing specific statement regarding the Russo-
Japanese war:
Already Japan has made known the condi
tions on which she is ready to close hostilities.
These consist in the return of Manchuria to
China, the dismantling of Port Arthur and the
establishment of Corean independence, with
the right of Japanese to acquire land. Russia's
refusal of the foregoing conditions shows it is
her purpose to carry on the conflict to the end.
It was explained at the Foreign Office that
the conditions were not officially made known by
the Japanese government, but by the Japanese
Commercial Association, representing the pow
erful, progressive element and having strong In
fluence with the government. Therefore lt was
believed to reflect Japan's official wishes.
The appropriation of $12,800 for expenses of
the Embassy at the Vatican was struck out
without opposition or debate. This, following
the recall of M. Nisard, continues indefinitely
the severance of diplomatic relations between
France and the Vatican.
XIXOX BUILDS FOR CZAR.
181 8 Making Ten Russian Torpedo
Boats at Perth Amboy.
Perth Amboy. N. J.. Nov. 26 (Special).— Lewi*
Nixon soon will launch a torpedo boat at the
Ramsay shipyard In this city for Russia. Of
the fleet of ten which he is building only one is
to be completed In this country. The others are
being taken apart for shipment to Sebastopol.
There the parts, all numbered and lettered, will
be reassembled and the completed boats put into
use. The little fighters are 70 feet long, 12 feet
wide and 4 feet deep. Triple expansion en
gines, constructed almost wholly of nickel, are
expected to drive them at a speed of twenty
three knots.
Great secrecy Is observed in the shipyard. A
high board fence on three sides of lt Is guarded
day and night by watchmen, and recently Mr.
Nixon caused a huge sail to be placed above the
boat that Is to be finished here, so that it can
not be seen from the water.
The boats are built on plans prepared by Mr.
Nixon, and they have several novel features.
Substantial spray throwers are fastened fo the
bows, so that at high speed they will not bury
their noses In the sea. The sterns are square,
Instead of rounding, as is customary in craft of
this build. The ways are placed in position
ready for launching the one boat, which is being
constructed between the frame of the Young
America and a War Department transport.
TO BUILD FOR RUSSIA AND JAPAS.
The Fore River Company Seeking Contracts
for War Vessels.
fBT TELE'JIUPH TO THE THIBCNE.]
Boston, Nov. 86. — Having Rureesafu'.ly nhipped
some submarine torpedo boats to Japan, the Fore
River Shipbuilding Company Is now seeking even,
more Important contracts fmm both Russia and
Japan, which will lnciude several swift cruisers, as
well as submarines and torpedo boats, whoso arma
ment Is to be furnished after the vessels leave thu
country. TTe business is being 1 conducted openly.
and lt is understood that contracts are about ready
for tho necessary signatures.
Certain other leading huilrting companies nr« In
communication directly with either Russia or Japan.
Both countries are looking right and left for ships,
ami agents of neither country dare protest agaln.-t
those of tho other. The Fore River people ar<
figuring more purtlcuhiriy on torpedo boats and
submarines, as the plant Is well equip]
class of work and can turn it out speedily. It is
understood to have contracts from both Russia and
Japan.
POLICE SHOOT BURGLAR.
Robbery at Country House Is
Stopped by Caretaker.
The police of Dobbs Ferry and Hastings fought a
duel with three burglars who were caught coining
out of the house of Henry Bidenberg, a New
business mar.. In Broadway, Just across the Dobbs
Ferry line, early yesterday, and aa a result one of
the burglars waa ."hot through the back and will
die, another was captured and tho third managed
to get away. The wounded burglar gave his name
as William Welch and his residence as Carlyle
Place, Tonkers. He was removed to the Dobbs
Ferry Hospital, where it was found that the bullet
had passed through his spine and penetrated his
ttomach.
Coroner "Wlesendang^r took his ante-morten
statement yesterday afternoon. Welch said he wa \
led 1 Into committing the robbery by the other bur
glars, Frank Dunn, of New-York, and William
Deyi . of Yonkers.
The Siienb< family had mover) to their town
housp in Manhattan. About 1 o'clock resterd
morning the. caretaker di.s<-nvered a light in the din
ing room and called the police of Dohhs Ferry to
assist him. Chief Storms, with three of his police
mi-n. surrounded the house. The burglars detected
the approach of the police and attempted to bolt,
dropping a bundle, of silverware worth $2.. in the
hallway. Chief Storn's shouted to the men as they
ran: "Surrender, or w will shoot to kill!"
"Shoot and he hanged!" was the reply of one of
the men, and the fellow who escaped tired two
shots at the police, which passed over rhelr heads.
Then the police opened tire, and Deyo surrendered,
while Welch wa.« shot in the tack ami dropped m
his tracks. It i« believed that the third burglar \\"..s
wounded, as he Irft a trail of blood behind him.
FEARS FOR RECREATION CENTRES.
Dr. Maxwell Thinks Appropriation This
Year Will Be Too Small.
Speaking to an audience whi.-h crowded tl
hall at Cooper Union last night. Dr. YV II Mix
well, City Superintendent of Public Schools, said:
I am afraid that the appropriation for school pur
poses this year is going to prove Inadeq
allow us to keep open the vacai >ls, th-*
night schools and provide I*":' tha r< ■•
athletic fa'-tlitles whvh we wer« enabled to give
the children of the congtsw-d districts last year
I wish tint it may be possible to secure -i;i .:;■: ro
prlatlon this year, not of four mills which will be
too much, nor of thrre mil. a. which will be too lit
tle, but of three and a half mills, whit h will *
enough
Dr. Maxwell's tcpl.- was "Present Ftohlfms "<
the School." His lecture, which be read from man
uscript, waa the same that he delivered before tho
Congress of Arts and Sciences at the Bt l.ouls fair
"The tenement hou=.- destroys the ivr an, l
family life." he said, "and the only cure Is to eradi
cate the tenement houee evil and give the jjuor
man a chance to give iv.-> family a home in the true
setirtt; of the word."
He advocated the city setting apart a , rtaln
section «if land or. whl.-h to creel comfort kbit homes
which could be rented or sold 10 the poor on rea
sonable terms.
"It Ih a farce to talk of equal opportunities for all
when thousands of children cumiot learn b<rcaiis,
they are hungry." he continued. "Why csn'i we
do the name as they d<> Jn Harlx and some ether
European cities— furnish a nourishing noonday
lunch for the children of the poor at th- schools—
nourish the body before forcing the mind?"
IIIEItE ■ NOTHTNO NKW I'.MtKK IIIF, Sl\\
MMU ONE ii |g ■ \u>.
Mr should ..."Milt tho "l.Htl-o \d», o i tho IVoyle."
bou»*tliiu« uf'v thrre c\er> Muid.i.).
STEAMER FINANCE AFIRE
OTHER SHIPS IX DAXGER.
Deputy Chief Thraam and Injured
on Way to Erie Bonn.
Fire, which for a time threatened several
large ships in the Erie Basin, dSJnSCSd the
steamship Finance of the Panama Railroa<l
Company to the extent of about S2MM last
night. About $5,000 of damage was done to
the Ptenmshlp Excelsior of the Morgan Line.
Deputy Chief Duffy, on his way to the fire, was
thrown, and received severe contusions an<t
lacerations of the nose, chin and scalp. An
automobile, on Its way to th« fire, said to be
carrying an official of the Fire Department,
knocked down a man.
The Finance, with a broken rudder, was foun>l
drifting in the Gulf of Mexico about ten days
ago, ami was towed to Savannah by a boat of
the Morgan Lino. She had been on her way
from Colon to New-York. After discharging her
cargo and passengers at Savannah the Finance
was towed to this port, arriving last Wednes
day. At the time of. the fire yesterday she waa
tied up in the Erie Hasln with a number of other
craft, awaiting their turn to go Into the Boston
drydock of the K. N. Robins Company. On
one side of the Finance was the Excelsior ami
on the other side the Nord Amerlka. First Offi
cer Charles Jackson, Second Officer R. Ellings
worth and Quartermaster Henry Endt, an oiler
and an engineer in charge of the donkey engine
were the only persona aboard when the fire
broke out tn the room of the tlrst assistant engi
neer on the main deck amidships. The cause is
unknown, although the police heard it was duo
to tht: overturning of an oil lamp.
FirM Officer Jackson ordered his men to get
out three lines of hose and started to fight the
flro It soon became necessary to send out an
alarm to the Fire Department Meanwhile
Captain Hoefner and a dozen men from the Ex
celsior carried several lines of hose across to
the Finance. Two Bra boats did excellent ser
vice from the water si<le.
The crew and oftlc< rs all were driven oft the
boat, and made their sscapt by way of the
ladder, Quartermaster En it dropped into the
water. He was rescued by Albert Symes, a
botlermaker, who put off In a small boat.
Chief Croker went to the fire on the third
alarm. Deputy Chief Duffy was thrown from
his wagon at Van Brunt and Coffty sts.. while
his driver was trying to get between a tender
and a butcher's wagon. Although badly cut
and shaken up. Duffy went on to the fire.
Thomas Maguire. of No. 57 Sullivan-st.. while
crossing Van Brunt-st. at Wblcott-st., was
knocked down by a red automobile, which con
tinued on it 3 way to the fire. Maguire receiver!
abrasions of the right thigh and legs and was
taken home.
DEATH XOT SUSPICIOUS.
Mrs. Densmore J Mrs. Maybrick' s
Champion, Died of Heart Disease.
According to Dr. Charles A. Phillip*, acting
coroner's physician, who waa sent to perform an
autopsy on the body of Mrs. Helen Barnar.l Deas
more, who had been the hostess of Mrs. b
E, Maybrick since she came to America aft
release from ;<n Kntrllsh prison last Augn
death, which came suddenly at her home, Elemtth
ave. and Eighty- fourth-st.. Dyker Heights. Brook
lyn, at an early hour yesterday morning, waa due
to heart distise. Mrs. Densmore was BBVentyrOCM
years old, and had been suffering from what now
are known to have been heart attacks for several
She supposed that the trouble was in
dlgestlon and asthma.
Dr. Emmet Densmoim, the husband of Mrs. Dens
more, was a regularly graduated physician, but did
not practise medicine. Her fortune waa made In
putting on the market a well known herb tea. Both
ho and his wife beileved more in the efficacy of
proper filet and hygienic measures than of mtdt
• •lne. When Dr. Bruce T. Blackmar, who lives
n<*>:ir by, was called in. as Mrs. Densmore was sirfk-
Ing, he asked what medicines had been prescribea.
Dr. Densmore lied, "None." Thus It was that
the coroner's orfice got the erroneous impression,
wher. the case was reported, that the Densmores
were Christian Scientists. Pr. Densmoro denied this
emphatically when he hoard of it.
Mrs. Maybrlck, who has been much ercsrrossed of
late In writing and correcting the proofs of the
story o: her long experience in the Aylt-sbury
Prison, England, did not learn of Mrs. Densmores
oentii for several hours after It occurred. When
she came to America in August she went at on<o
to Cragsninre, the summer home of the Densmores,
in the <'atski'll». having been invited ro make h'-r
future honw with them. Mrs. Der.sniure waa or.->
of the most active In worl I for the release- of
Mrs. Maybrick, and founded the Wonao'a Inter
national May brick Associa
The Densmores had a little family party on Fri
day night, and two of the guests remained over
night. At : a. m. yesterday the doctor was awak
ened by the heavy breathing of his wife, and she
rold him she had" Indigestion. He e"t her some
not water, and then a nurse, who happened to b«
one <>f th( guests. g"t up and administered some
brandy. When the patient suddenly collapsed and
her pulse dropped to f>*'. Dr. Densmore sent a ser
vant out for Dr. Blackmar, but BCrs. IVnsmore waa
dead when he reached the house. When the eon •
ner's pnysici< reached the house, late in the af
ternoon, he had no trouble in reaching the conclu
sion that death had b<-en due t<> heart disease.
Mrs. Densi was the daughter of a prominent
physician Iji Adrian, Mich. Her first husband waa
Captain Phinea.s Barnerd. After his death she imt
Di Densmore while travelling. Mrs. Densmore
visited Mrs. Maybrlck twice In the Aylesbury
prison, and wrote ;i pamphlet defending her. which
waa called "The Maybrick Case; or. English Crimi
na] Law."
CATCH ALLEGED BAXDITS.
Supposed Robbers of Paymaster
White in Custody.
The. Hobeken police yesterday made what is
thought to i.c an important capture. Twn men are
under urest who aro believed to be Members of the
gang ol highwaymen that held up and robbed Pay
master Dana White and Superintendent George* El
drl'ige, of the O'Rourke Constructtoa Company, at
Great Notch, N. J.. on August M last.
Th.> company was building the Cedar Grove Res
ervoir, which is to supply Newark with water, and
the paymaster was on bis way to pay oil the men,
Tlic horse he was driving was shot by the har.dlts",
and he was robbed ■•'.' $5,112, which he carried in a
satchel There were Bye men In the "hoid-up," and
all escaped. Descriptions of the highwaymen wera
sent ■ adcast, and the boken police "hav-j been
on the lookout for the bandits.
When the N >rth German Lloyd steamship Koenig
Albert waa about to sail yesterday morning, i•■ -
tectives VVeinthal and Qutiiii noticed among- the
steerage passengers en deck two men who they
thought, answered exactly the description of two
of the Great Notch robbers They promptly bohnl
• d the Bhip and placed the men under arrest Tho
prisoners were taktn to Headquarters, where they
said they were Antonio Vatreno and K<is-»ii Va
treno, brothers, of No. ■;.. Cross-st., Paterson. They
said they were out to sail for Italy
When the ho!d-up occurred at Great Notch the
robbers left benind them ti ■• shrtgun with Which
tho paymaster's hoiva was killed, The woman who
Bold the gun has Ident tied A.ii'inlo Vatreno, the
police say, as the man who bought It Wh< n
Marched, the prisoners acre found to have loaded
revolvers at.il Stiletto* snd nearly B.OQQ t:i Italian
money. ■]':.• acknowledged, the police say, that
th.-v r.ad exchanged American money for Italian
mosey In fate: son. 'I be men were .irralgru'd b-
fore Re ■•• •- Btanton, who held them without bi:l
for the fIMST County authorities.
MISS GOULD UNVEILS TABLET.
Gift to Y. M. C. A., West Side. Represents
Washington at Valley Forge.
A arouse tablet ■bowing Washington at Valley
Fbrge waa unveiled lost night at the West Side
Voun? Men's Christian Association, before a large
audience. Miss Helen M. Gould unveiled the tshist.
at the tight Ot which, the auiiuiue loudly applauded.
The tablet Is a gift from Jof o J. Claacy, a member
of Lat »ett« Poet, Q a. i; . and sta design and
executed by James K. Kelly.
The ceremonies el Its uuveiitn? were under th.t
auspices of the \\ uihlngtofi Continental Guards,
dressed In Continental uniform. There were pi •--
eni also detachments from Lafayette Post, (i a
R.; from the- 7ist Regiment, under command of
Lieutenant Schumacher; the Ci! Battery und the
American volunteers. The invocation waa by th.»
Rev. X Oakley Baldwin Addret were ide r.v
Edward Wetmore. preekleni of the Sons of th.<
American Revolution, and the Rev. \rthur H
Judge.
Genera] Stewart v Woodford. who presided pre
sented Ml«s Could. '
Major General Jo«ep n Hayee roads the presenta
tion .-:•<■.■, ti, aril William M. Kinsley one of the
West si<! f - Sroung Men's Christian Association : t;.
. . i-, accepted the gift with an appropriate address
i L !'k. "i. •niom. vice-consul geueral for France
In this city, spoke brieOy on ths cordial relations
U-twe.n h s .-ountry ami this, Letters of regret
were read from President Roosevelt. Admiral
Dewey, Uvneritl ChofTee und Governor Odell.
Th^ Fir ar rial Wnrli,
At the beginning of the week the security
market WM sflsetsd by a rIM tsisjiisailli to
4 per rent for m— on call. This, owJnir
the news that the Tisss—j would la the bsm
few months call upon the brinks for th<» r*rarn
of S2S.IRXMX*>. gave the bears opportunity tor
demonstrrition. which lacy Imstrnsd to satis.
Large and aggressive gales followed for the
short account, mining temporary recession*
averaeinj? about two points for active Issues,
when buylnsr orders of valid character wejsa en
countered absolutely defeating all effort to
a*SSSM dlstrus*.
At no time was there arv uneasiness In bank-
Ing circ>9, which racsßjßsssd nat th?> aassjasi
in call tnonov w.* aa suMmnatlr ■:■>?'.■■>•.■'- to th<!
advance n. sterling exching* ir3*!!ig gnl . ex
ports posslbl*^— moti»y rates iiu-ariably <»efStlnir
equality in a!! mark-is. That the ri»..- in th« call
loan rate mrant nothing rr.or*- th in th.3 !s evi
c!en<ed by the quiet of the time money :-^i.-itft.
in which loan:* rvr^ and ars acsotsshlc ior from
sixty day 3 tn six months at t% la I per ceat
And predictions that the IV^r.k or Kn^U:.d ■ .1 ■
ra!?« its discount rate oa Thursday, sp.l.ing asjr
Thanksgivinif, *ere unfuliilled.
When ( ornprel> r.-lon of the money rr.ar' r : a t he.
came daw, market movement mumt I Ka SB
ward course under the leadership at the 'Oitsi
3tat«"? BtSl stocks. Many times In this r»v'.ew
has it betn pointed out that the Steel thaxtl
possesseil merir not recognized In rulins: -i'; r'ta
tlons. Demonstrated capacity to earr. tha 7
per eSBt dividend on the preferred lr. t.rr.e3 of
depressed business warrants that stock taking
perma: | recognized ttkm amc |?• ■. r.iard
dividend payers; and the buying of the common
stock now goin? or. Indicates that I am cot
alone in the opinion that It. too. ha- |
future ahead ofl it. He must be srill . :
who will not BSS that the Steel ; - . thliy
expanding. Reports from the most - r.a
ttvs sources are noil all one way— ord sn for
rails, structural shapes and lesser products ar»
pouring in to every mill throughout tlut en ;r.:ry
—It is evident that capacity of production will
be severely tax- : In L9O& Railroads are al
ready congested, reports from Pittsburg yes
terday etatine that sb miles of freight cars
loaded with products of th- steel mtr.s at the
Bsswssl plant await transportation, and
that hundn of other cars are 0.-. ■ ..
other mills await:::- shipment. Incidents
the Pennsylvania Railroad orders 5.000 now
freight car?. Independent ef recent ord rs 1 i c.
for 7,«»>«i freight cars to replace wornout or
damaged cars. All this is st; ;. tly busu;es3 tes
timony.
The sccarti rr:ark.--t cannot but vz'.ztor rasss
conditions — th«-r-» i? a limit :■-> obstUtacy whsa
theories nre overwhelmed by fa~is. Ir is now
seen :hat the of the United states
Steel Corporatioi builded even better
knew— thnt th-ir consoUdattana^ economies anil
abilities wei of BOffleteni scope not or.ly to aE>
amazing profits n good titatm, bat to confront
dull times with virile accomplishment Thos»
investors who confided fan the rr.ar.a^err.er.t of
this corporation, ar.d who kepi their '-.oMir.ga
under the savage assault ol every device k
to spc itlve ingtnu:ty, no.v 1...1 their
denes warranted and the market for their
ertles again normal The a^.usr hea] ed B] n J.
Pterpont Morgan ar.d h:.s associate? when com
mon Steel was l.clow 1O and preferred U low 50
sounds sally silly r.o-v. Plain it la thai ■
low qu'itat'ons were hjs to no chicane v: "
part of the Steel managers, but were brooghl
about by a campaign of; mteepxescntat (
sorriest character. The absurdity of th
rric-£3 made is now manifest — the M<~irs—i poafr>
tion vindicated — as usual.
Wall Street, always inclined to seek farciful
reasons rather than those plain and a
seeks to account for the rise in Steel securities
by rumors of approaching financial operatlm
involvlnjr conversion of the preferred Stock IntQ
bor:ds. Whether such operations are under con
si-leration has r.o bearing upon the valus • ; th«
Steel securities —they rise logically a: 1 :r
evitably because they arc worth more than they
have be<*n. or are. selling for— as they were (ha
target of attack, they beax Urn standard of ad
vaz'.c?.
The approaching session of a Republican Cor.
grefs gives Important tnteieet to the meetl^g^
of the ilerchant Marii Commission fceir..; .j. :
in Washington. Secret of the Navy M?rto.i
spoke at Friday's session In wain .idvecacy of
ship subsidies. He pointed out that the ma;i con
tracts, subsidies and premiums paid by the
Enc;:sh, German and other governmjnrs would
have to be met by the American Government
if our merchant marine is ta have as even
chance In competition for the sea-carrying busi
ness of the world. He justly ?uys that I W
la nothing academic about the question— foreign
competition must be met if a big American
ping interest is :■> be built up. While .Mr. Mor
ton ■ Kplicitly states thit be sr><;:ks as a;: in
dividual only, it is fair to assume thai .. 1 I
no' so speik unless h>> fell sure of betog In ■
pathy with the Administration — and ir is fair to
assume that Congi %si.l l*--nd a friendly ear
to such Influential ooinl a . With verj little
couragemeni our steamship !::>'^. notably ■ . the
Pacific (such, for example, as Pacific Mall
and the Hill fleet', could outrival foreign car
riers. Earl] legislation on this subject is by no
means Improbable.
Railway earnings continue to mount. Then
Li recession nowhere— expansion everywhere
This la not merely as to gro.-s. .- quite
as distinctly in ncr records. The St. '.
San Francis, o system, for example, ti show lug
gains now at the rate of $1001,0011 net per wo .-.
And this is but a bur . ; 1 of whai
throughout all the South rest— as b
a comidoriTial review of '~*ne proper! 6 II
territory issued by important banking luteresta
to their clients at the tiose of the week til 1 St.
Louis Southwestern system being > •
Nf-r earnings, increasing at a rate apprsxl
mating $2,000 a. day, forecasts n : el total ftw
the yeai of f&OOOtOOft rtgures which maka «
traordinarj new records (or thia BMZBI
tho Gould group. Wit . -
amount only to 80 miles In ten >■ its, St
Louis Bouthwestt tncrtased Its c- --■ earn
ings rom $4.9i)0.000 m >.■ ft ..n'.r h«'.
year, an expansion from .vi."l*. v i."l* to & ->• s pet
mile, whll< net earnir.ffs have •"■-' 1
from a total of $!7'2<>-' Kl.22S.<**>, which
represents a stride from $831 to W.TO9 rr 1 *"
mile — these phenomer. tl advances bei:i< directly
traceable to the tree end ts In rrease In Out
moverrent of Sout ■ -' " .• -
products. It to pointed out by the r • i Of
bankers that colncident'wttb the rast »trl : '
traffic there has htv:. material knrpr
tho physical condition ol the property, not only
augmenting property vi operattes
ect^nom'.es available — in passenger bustnei *"
example. 511 increase of ti" per M
necessitating an tncrease of only »•' P t '• > " t
in train service. Achievement* ' ! maki
it t'asy for ken t<« present attiaci
hlbits here ard aV'roij. i
letter here referred to being cfci '■•
the semttny of investment Interests WB*
Foreign attention to our ge:ieral security V 0
alr^a^iy shows grea' augna< ntatioi I ■Pa
cific Ulustratl >n like this of St Uouia its
western wil do good.
With standard properties like Union FS '>-''•
Illinois Central, the Coalers, and practical
every trunk ';:: ■ system in the countn " '■-
in the activity and buoyancy of the nark-:. 0M
time is past ' ■••■ dlstUMloa as to wbethet 1 " '
there is lasting Quality in the current
stratlon. Hardly any one of tl ; ]
has yet advanced within hailing d&tanct •■
what may be rvgarcled a-* fair market
present proeperity with the futute's rtalaW
being together considered.
\- 88 any holder of United St tes E I rr 1 *"
ferred— no matter if his purchases \- n > ** s
the very highesi pricf ar whlcb the st "C* f ver
'. not only ha i ais tnvestment folly baesl
bui 5 per cent Interest upon Us Investment lt
88L norc than half a dozen points below wbtt*
yesterday's market ruled. So In all tt '" ::
where gOOd management prevails 'he record '■'
bound to be, for while stock markets haTe I ■'
and deprsi has shown, then has 1
devotion in the managentei • of est ■ : v ' r "
porations aa ha assured and ne<w dlsdosea tit*
mendous net gam» There are scores ol C*S
tratioi Colorado Fuel among the sMSS! "'•rfe
pr..»per:ies. People's Gas, Electric Storage; t " iirn
Products and American Woolen M leiwejeattj
live Industrials ami BO v^:- through Ihs Bsasl
Exchange roater.
in th.- railway Usl notable examples are pre
seated by Alton, Chicago Great Western -'- 3a
Erie. The lnv« public is only just ne«
galntni opportunity for realization "' jfn»^
extraoidlnarv' piogieei :; v beei •. 'd ar.-.i *-"
vanced for Eri during recent apparent apatnT-
That road is to have not merelj new ' :r -9f,
t.ime. hut is t.» h^ raised forthwith tfl comparaw*
rank among Eastern trunk lines. 01 * Uv '
■i.alt!i and comprehensiveness are the P'*-^
an 1 policies d«-t« i niii'etl upon— ready for •^T
tton— that in many particulars their accosasssw
ment will amount to nothln* less than • clv
revolution. Erie common stock will bet-orne
......... 11 AI.IAWAI-

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