Newspaper Page Text
PART V. j
EIGHT PAGES. RU1 v THREATENS FALL RIVER, MASS. TOXC STRIKE H- iS (OST CITY ABOUT $3,500,000 AND UQjfERED POPULATION BY 10,000. v,th manufacturing mdustry , Vh , n the couo^clo^-^^ ta u . h b «-as 6!l in "•V~L^ ut in its development mar'.e southern banker .nty . ..^.^ |w( , my _ tM. pivalot.oa. Kivcr '.Mas.s. w ni cease to exist as T^J££Z™ town andthe.r-.wlUbe r sS'^: in/^r. : - ,h.nFarK:ve,was. .TSe" P? the present time, the mats* cotton mwiufacturin* centre In the world. *' ow »~pl« of the Border City. a 5 Fall Kiver fj caJVd *re beginning to wonder If the phopheoy ef the South, ni hanker IS about to be fulfilled. To be sure the eras- is not yet growing In the city's itr«et«; "but th«» great milk upon which the city's reijr life >-:•■.. ■no* topped < Ighteen weeks ajjo by a ttrflte resulting from a cut down In wages of the Bperatfvc*; are still Idle. Twenty-five thousand of the thiny thousand operative* in Fall River have n->t r<tu:-!o: t.-> .... since they left at the time of the cut down. servatlve estimates have it that from ten thousand to fifteen thousand of the city's population of U«.000 have let the dty. Most of these '.-■■ operative*, and will not return, for thr...'- who have not 1< ft '.he nntry have found work in other cotton manufacturing cities of sreat rr nr ir<w'r s!ze and Importance. Those of the operatives still remain:: t In Fall B!ver have lived m ih£-lr eat»!ngs. drawn teadily week by week tj^n , p i op.jts until many of them have exhausted their small deposits and. fn common with those who had no money In the batiks, ,v- been forced to de pend for subsistence upon -he • ■ igre assistance of sympathetic labor organlsatloiis. State and city •W. church aid. that of the Associated Charities srd the Salvation Army. ••:' the striking ■.! to nearly 5200.000 a week. so; this amount is kept ■chants, the other tenth deposits. In other Irawn from weekly cir a period of • ighte* n , ■ . strike to date, this it is also estimated that . ■ tied up and i>^ good as I;, L loss < i ervatlve city than Fall River the same amount «f s-.-.f:. ring- that he is experiencing wouM probably be much more appar«-nt. But Fall Rh •. r li.is that enduring • i-H born of Massa chusetts Poriti nlcal fathers. Evm the large for eigi . ■• •■ ni repress nteJ in the ranks of the Btrlk ers partakes of 11 In *rtain measure. The sulfer itb physical and flnancSal. ■ = borne Ithoul a murmur, alike bj operative and manufacturer, nnii have settled Ao-vn. doggedly termlned :■. fight it out to the bitter end. This . me thing is true of the trades people, the grocers, the butcher*, drygoods merchants and others. They are daily suffering great financial loss They dnr«> not say "no** to the strikers ask ing practically unlimited cridit, for to do co would mean the loss of much Iness to that merchant who did so. la i. ■ time all are hopln? for— the end of- the strike. These ir.crchnr.ts cannot secure from their supply h< us< - the same amount of credit they are giving. They must pay for what they get. With little or t.o money coming in there is nothing for 1t hut to draw upon reserve funds. The amount of the?e funds really determines the business life cf many a Fail River concern. Eighteen weeks of this sort of thir.g is a pretty severe test, and ther© Is to-day many a Fall River merchant upon the verge r.f bankruptcy, while already a few small concerns In outlying port! of tb< city V;ave been forced .to g<» out of business. A recent development of the i ke, serving greatly to dim;:.:- th« hopa of any settlement In (he ear future which the merchants may ha\e field, was the action of the American Federation •f Labor^; in session in San Francisco on Novem ber U w*»<»r an assc=Fmer.t of one cent pi?r week p«r cap^a f< r •-. period of three week.-, amounting to about S.Vi.OOO. was voted for the benefit of Uio Ft:; River strikers. The solution of t'.e prol '.< m seems yet a. long vmy f.!i>. : .3 The g'"'' of thf> merchants and citiaeos was \ by the treasurer of one of the big < Lffected by the Btrike *,h<-?: ■ • rter: this trouble or we'll meet you at the v. ah a brass t :i;.-.:." The merchants have tried, and they ive failed the Massachusetts Btate Board of Itration has tried, without avail, and Mayor Grimf\ speaking for the city, says it can do nothing without tres pussing upon the rights if the State Board. In despair ohe merchants have turned for relief to thai Tr:!!-o'-thr--wi:-p, the enactment by Con ness of labor laws uniform In all States. Con rrfAiimn William S. Greene, representing the XnJth District of Massachusetts, and himself a res;d'!it of Fali River, believes that there Is a fair ". o ol >;. tiinp such a measure through the I-IXt*-, Oongrosa, and has promised t" fai er it and do ! bfc can to Eecun Its enactment. Realizing; however, that such a lav.- makes necessary an amecdnM r.t to the Constitution of the United i-es-. with all its tedious detail of passing both branches of Congress by a two-thirds v-ote and rat Beatkra by a three fourths vote of either the legislatures or special conventions in each State, the manufacturers have little hope of relief from this quarter. AH admit, however, that this is ihe only really satisfactory and permanent solution of Such arls*!S as Fall River is now facing, and Con giesaiaan Greene, confident ihat th» i,ixth Con pre-ss will h<- favorably dlsp< sed to tbx- measure, I ■ -■ -" to take up with renewed \ Igoi ti,;- matter, ■ has been before < '-..':■ form or an other for the last twenty years. Bui even at the this is a sour< ■- from which no immediate re lief car; possibly come. :u:d so Ith every possible avenue of rrluf apparent blocked. Fall River sits ■teas In her suffering, like- Micawber. patiently ■^aith.^ ( • son ethlng to turn up. VAST BUSINESS INVOLVED. T«. resllaa the extent to which b islness Is crippled hi M Blve and better appreciate the sufferinK *"Mch mu«t necessarily follow SUCh B swopping •"" " ■his* y.r ; r * ;• -i-.g* of the vast volume of busi n«s« done under normal conditions is necessary. Thejv ar» forty-or cotton lanufacturing corpora » with plants h. Fall River. These- corpora tana own and operate between them ninety-two rin:« They UBe bales of cotton each year 'J ' l ' ' ■ NUee.ooo rds of cloth in a year. ' 111* consume S7.SSO tons of coal. 302.000 pal ' ' ■' ' ' : MSS.BOI pounds of starch • ach year n : ducmg thi Ir output Of <-loth. ' r^' T- ' ' ' <■"■ "p" p "; U«.46S ' . ■■■!!• i and 81.992 looms of all kinds Th« corn! •. . , ..; O f the (orty-one corpora tons Ik ! 2:, -/..-,.«.. Wh«n the mills ar<-- running w.**r normal conditions they employ si .>., han ,j s !~ «h"« h " Vital of thetr weekly i'«vrolis amounts to ■ The capital Invested by the oorporatlons im ♦ sUrrat*d at t49.<Mo.<nn ,/^l !U mr n ? VIW3 Fh ° W th total —her I cotton mill, m tn '■ '"''>"•! States to be LJS2 ' r The, mwufactured 1.0W.W.7U ,- ardu of ,r, r E ; rhs in that rear. Th, total number of mU i, • Is given m 022 T » w . ,„,„, ™ , [Vlsesi mated that the FaH River mills have Sore Iban ,-. .., venth of all the spindle. 1, the eou"Sv a: ineai yon quarter of all in New-Engtand ?her nmautaeton over three-quarter, of nil the print : ths. T- xt* ha. more windle. than any Se U the I mon other .han Massachu^tts. r, «i a loutbern Wat« combined and twice ns mar- „ «■:■• other city In the United States. ll li an Interesting fact that when all the X I! Wver mills ere running under normal condition U»y . ..... tbo ' . ■ ■ t-JtirvSS v"- ■ ■.;.■■.■" ;;?t- --" :i: -^ t-i. L . :. Vk - I'-^'*1 '-^'*- renneesee. Missouri jjljl^. A f River has 92. Thes* Southern mills have a total of 8.714.589 spindles and 1D3.748 looms; Fall River has 3.248,468 spindles r.nd 51.992 looms. Tho rapid devel opment of the Industry In the South Is shown by the fact that In ISSO these same Southern States could honpt only 561. 3C0 spindles, while in that year Fall River had 1.39CU30 spindles. The Fall River manufacturers hold low wages and long hours responsible for tho advantage the South ern manufacturers have palnpj over them. The Massachusetts R*v prohibits working more than flfty-elßht hours a week, and places severe restrio tlons upon thf- employment of minors. Laws In the Southern States admit of running the mills sixty FALL RIVER STRIKERS APPLYING FOR FINANCIAL AID TO THE LABOR UNION CHIEF. hours, and in some, instances seventy hours, a week, and practically no restrictions are placed upon the employment of minors. It is not hard to see in the light of the facts stated the manner in which Fall River is suffering. the strikers In many Instances from actual want of food, the manufacturers fr« m loss of customers, and the Fall River merchants from business stag nation. -. [g pgtimated that a:' ■:.: 51.000.0 i H s been w th drawn from • .• inks by oper tlv s, while .•■-_■ o • ■ •: operath es a .■ t In cir culation. Said one merchant "We isl I i much longer. I f I tie si rike is not ended t ■ , ■ va of us v\ 111 surely :■• for ed to Ihe v. . MERCHANTS NOT UNITED. Strangely enough, :.: .' ■ two organizations repre senting the i ts of the :ity are divided over the strike. The Merchants' Association, of which J. C. Brady is president, while not directly sympa thizing with V.'- Ftrlfc rd! them - ich con sideration. Mr. Brad] "This organization represents ( i I te " Fall River, tho people who are afl I strike." lie said that while no dir< has been n : a ai c contributing to the relief of those suffering from the continuance of the strlh "Of coura , ism gen i illy affected," paid Mr. Brady. "There Is from $175,000 to (200,000 a week less In cii ■ a result of It." w ■■: no concern of much slse that had as yet been < bilged to out ol I twever. I; wae Merchants' As :e b< iv. c n Ui»» strike leaders turers was brought about early In i wever, resulted in g looking toward a settlement. The Fall River Board of Ti A tx said to ympathy with the strik< rs, .. ■ i ■ n hat Its ae< retary. Au ! d to say. ■■ i ' :. -. k . ■ • ■ Ivor! rs havi rec< Ived too much symp I Mr. McCaullff. "If the help would ■-: ■ to work at the cutdown rate and • they would get it. Two of the leading dry goods stores, fur Instance, are contribul g week to the striken' fund. The three breweries here. 1 understand, pledged them selves f' 1 •': 0 . week each .-'.t the outset of the strike. They did n< t expect it would last so long. Now they are a trifle sore. "In commi with everj on< el ■. I had much sympathy for the strikers at the start, and I col lected cloth* - for the needy ■ Then they had a big masa meeting, at which they voted to stay out. They came out of thai meeting laughing and taking ■ is if they had bi en to some funny show. That sickened me. They are receiving too much sympathy altogether. Governor Bates In his speech hei ppealed to them to return to work. and the on have opened the mill's to all who wish to go I The treasurer of one of the cor porations ti Id me - !•• other day that the corpora tions arc put to big expei . to keep their mills open and ready for business, giving the operatives u'chaiT'o n> return to work. 1 asked him why the manufacturers continued to do so. His reply was 'McCauliffe, w< are doing It for the sake "f the A gentleman j.mseiit -, Mr. McCaullffe's office told the story of a merchant friend of his who had given a woman. • member i f the family of one of the strikers. ■< dollar In rp:-i>ou=e to a request for aim*. Th< nexi day he went to one of the ! ral theatres, according to the story, and saw h--r there enjoying the show as if she had never asked aid. Speaking of the financial distress of the mer chants, Becretarj McCauliffe said: "The butchers and gro<--er<=. all of the retail merchants, are carry- Ing the strikers on their books, ami an-, of course, in a bad way financially, though no merchant has ye< been actually forced out of business t>y the ct i ik< . "The real estate dealers teel the *trik« keenly. Thej cannot eolleel their rents; in fact, they are not trying to < t th< m For the most part they have lel up on collections altogether, being con tent to have their tenements occupied, even if !i,. \ are getting no mo MANUFACTURERS DO NOT AGREE. It If a singular featun of the Fall River strike situation thai |us( as the tr.vie organization* are .: ;, ,; -..-■ the merits <-f the r^asn so the manii facturers themselves are divided. The six big mills . t)i<- cotton manufacturing corporation known as the Fall River Iron Works Company Arc still run ■ iij tlm< with •:■ fu l complement of about ousand hands and paying the old schedule of wages 'I ;.. o toratlon, ol which Matthew C. li Borden, of New-York City, •:« president and owner, ha.- steadfastly refused to act In concert Hi!., the Cotton Manufacturing Association of Fall River, representing the, forty other cotton corpora tions in the eit] : "' the "Iron v.-vi ks mllie," as they aif- called In Fall River, Is naturally ■ ., •■;,. ,■;..; manufacturer! do not cure to talk about "That Is a pha*« of the situation I do not care, to riiscurs," was the only comment >f each of the iiui. r.j'i: approacn*d l>y the Tilbune reporter. NciU.tr would Mr. Burden's" teij/csciitotives In Full NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY. XOYKMHKR I.mi. River offer any explanation of the reason it Is pos sible for the company to continue manufacturing cloth and paying the old scale of wages in thf fn.ee of the fact that the heads of forty other big corporations have declared FUeh :i coarse to b<- Impossible because of the st.-ite of the cotton mar ket. Tho merchants and the citizens of Fall Hiver generally nt t riluto the action of the Iron Works corporation to the fact that It owns and operates its own print works. No other Fall R!vor cor poration docs the printing of the cloth it manu factures. Another explan t!on offend is that the mills of the Iron Works corporation are located on tho waterfront, and this does away with the big expense of cjirtins goods for shipment from a distance, which most of the other corporations are obliged to bear. However that may be, the Iron Works corporation continues to manufacture cloth at the rate of 17f..000.000 yards a year, and the forty concerns represented In the Cotton Manu facturers" Association continue to declare It can not be done. Thla concern, employing about five thousand hands, disburses something over $30,000 a week In wages, a considerable portion of which goes toward the direct relie-f of the strikers. Nathaniel B. Borden, treaturer of the Barnard Manufacturing Company and president of the Cot ton Manufacturers' Association of Fall River, is the spokesman of the manufacturers, and is looked upon as the head and front of tho opposition, to tho strikers. I^ike all the manufacturers, Mr. Borden i.s noi disposed to discuss the situation for publica tion. To the Tribune- reporter Mr. Bord< n however: "The position of the manufacturers re mains unchanged. The action of the American Federation of Labor in aiding the strikers will have no effect whatever. There cannot and will nccssion on the part of th<- manufacturers. There 'an be no recedipg on their part." Mr. Borden claims, as do .ill the othe urers, that only under the new schedule of against which the operatives rebelled, can 1 i Hiver mills compete in the open ni.irkt t w mills of the South, tie Btated :hat at the next . of Congress the Representative ol trict, Congressman Greene, would Introduce a bill WILLIAM 3. OREEN'E. \Vh«. will father a bill in Congress for a uniform national labor Taw. providing for uniform working hours In all States. Though similar measures have been defeated regu larly by each Congress for y< ars. In view of the pres< tit crisis In the cotton industry of the North there i 1i 1 - believed i ! > be - ( cnan c of its enactment. In the mind of Mr. Borden, the ful ire welfare of the cotton Industry In the North, and especially in Fall River, depends much upon the enactment or such a measure. "We simply cannot compete with the Southern mills." aald Mr. Borden, "under present conditions. unless we rtduce wages. Why, down there they work sixty, and In sonn Instances seventy, hours a week. Under Massachusetts laws we can work only ftfty-elght hours ;l week. Even In Maine. New-Hampshire, Kli^ie Island and Connecticut they work more hours than we do. They talk about England! Why. England Is an association. Throughout that country the milla are run on uni form hours." Mr. llorden called attention to the extremely low STRIKERS 1 CHILDREN BEING FED AT SALVATION ARMY HEADQUARTERS, FAU Rl\ IR, MASS. rat© of wapes prevailing In Southern mill-", but pointed out that despite nil drawbacks the mills of Kail River have been able, when business is Rood, to run and pay a high rate of wages. "I?ut we can not do It now," he added. Mr. Borden insisted that the mills were not losing customers through the continuation of the strike, as the. labor leaders declare. He apaln called attention to tiie depression in the market. and said that practically all of the corporations affected by the strike had goods enough on hand to fill the. few orders, received. He considered It improbable that any of the Fall River banks would suffer as a result of the strike. "Those who. feel it wont." 6ald he. "are the small traders and the real p-tat» men with tene ments to collect rents on." For these people Mr. Borden expressed his nympathy, but said that the mill men were powerless to help them. "We have had conferences and talks," said he, "with the tradesmen and the State Board of Arbitration, but nothing looking to a settlrment has ever resulted." H» pointed out that the mills are kept op*n to all who wish to return to work. es the reduction which brought about the strike Mr. Borden said it was hardly possible to strike ! an average. He thought, however, that operatives earning from $S to $12 a week under the old scale would earn from $7 to COM a week under the I new. It all depended upon the operatives, n good ■ hand making more than a noor one. Mr. Borden j said the strike was the biggest In the history of j Fall River. He had no hard words for the strike leaders, and would offer no conjecture as to what j the final outcome woul 1 be. • r •■"• -' 'i ■ : ey, ■ if the Textile Council i arul the h ' : '! and front oi the strike, sal. l that the i situation could n< ■ ewed In too serious a light. -• Ike." aid Mr. Tansey. "means lift 01 ton industry in Fall River.." He lispute the claims of the man ufacurers thai they a> to compete with tv Southern manufacturers in the open market. "The .' the strikers Is simply this." <nli Mr. Tansey. "V ■.-■■•■ the manufacturers were I not justified '.-. i icing wages 12' 2 p»t cent, as I they have done. A reduction in wages :u!ver was JAMES TAXSEY. int of the Textile Council of the Fall Rivei strikers. 11:1,1 never will be a remedy for a depressed state of the cotton cloth market. I am decidedly in fa vor Of the enactment of a working hour law uni form In all State?. I do not speak thus from any selilsh motive. I have no desire to curtail another man'a chance to make money, but 1 honestly be lieve there Is room enough for all th»» mills in thla country to ru'.i on a paying basis, working with reasonable hours of labor. In the South men are working for little or nothing. I am not disputing the fact that the manufacturers here in Fall River lost money last year, but, even so, a reduction of virii;e<« Is not tho remedy. "Our trouble here dates back to about a year ago, to the time when fluctuations in the cotton market depressed the trade. All last summer the Fall Hiver milla ran Short time. There are. or rather were, about thirty thousand employes In all the Fall River miits. and the average rate of wages was J7 n week. Then the manufacturers posted notices of a 10 per cent reduction. Realiz- QBOROE GRIME. Mayer of Fall River. Mass I»B tht flrprcustl] stnte o" trade, the la' <>r leaders reeomin.-iiilrd that the cut be accepted, and it was. For a =-hort time nfter that the mills ran fult tlm*. but early h, the spring Of this year they becaa operating on short time. Btartll about Mir h. they began running only three or four days a week. Some of th»'m shut down and have not started since, in July ol this year the manufact urers a?aln came to the lostan that they were paying t«.o high wages, rtr-.d posud notices ol a further reduction of one-eighth, or B> 3 per cent. This would mran a reduction of the averag.- wag' s of operatives to far below $6 a week. "A total reduction of 22 1 per cent within a period of nine months was declared too much by the operatives, and they struck. Betwee-i these two reductions the manufacturers made aM al terations in the w»avin< departmeats. Som< things were impioved. hut the amouni of work was in erensed from 20 to 46 p r crnt, while wages were reduced over 20 per cent." There were about thirty thousand operatives In the city when the strike b*i;an. but only twenty- Jlve, thousand were affected by It. as the remaining fivo thousand ar* employes in the M. C. I>. Borden mills, or the Iron Works • \irporation. as it is called here. This is an independent corporation, not allied with the Cotton Man ifacturers' Association. This corporation operates six nnils. and Is still paying the- old rate of wages, an averag< of about SI a week. The fact that thf" corporation owns its own print works gives It. e>f course, a distinct advan tage over the other corporations, mid yet it hardly accounts for the fact that in the face of repeated assertions on the part ol the: other manufacturers that they cannot run on a paying basis Mr. Boroen continues to run his mills >>n ful! time. Since the strike began from tei thousand to tU teen thousand :'-rsons: '-rsons have left the city. The larger part of th-se> were mill opeiatrves. Of the recent action of th^ American Federation of Labor in voting ai assessment amounting t.> Rbout $.v>. i>"«> for th^ be-iie>nt of the F.ill Rivi r strik ers. President Tar.sey said: "This money will prove a great help. 'Since th.- strike began the tr.-.uc union men have been fairly well provided for, but with th» non-unlr nists th's has not b»e!: co. Sti'.l. when you consider tha* for seventeen weeks twenty-five thousand cr.-itiv- and their fatn!ll.--."5 have* lived on an average of $4.o<>:> or SS.OOQ a week, you can better appreciate what the action of tho American Federation of Labor means. Of cour.se. the strikers have received relief frsm bo;h tho city and State, bul the bulk ol the help has come from sympathising labor organizations. Then we have had since the ond week of th*- strik- a system of eight relief stations, in cnarge of .1 com mittee of t»n. two from each of th>' U*bor organisa tions here. No money has been given, but grocery checka are issued. The men In charge of the dlf ferei • stations In each ward of the city nave also secured produce from the farmers In the outlying districts, and distributed ir among th< strikers. Hut if there h^s been considerable suffering daring this Ftrlke-. there has been no violence. The strike leaders have all counsi moderation and noam at any price, and the operatives have heeded the warning. It Is an orderly strike, ai d, fr..m a moral point of view, It means) more than any .-;rik»- New-England has ever yet seen." Mr. Tansey, in addition to being president of the Testil*. Council, is secretary i.f the Carders' Asso ciation. The council Is Composed of fifteen repre sentatives, three each from th.- rive diff-r nt textile organizations in the city— the •:.:.: earder3, loom fixers, slashei tenders and weavers. NO SETTLEMENT IN SIGHT. Mayor George Onme told the Tribune reporter that he could see no possible chance of a settle ment of the strike in the i.ear future. He looked for no relief In legislation, and shared the same dejection over the ..utiook as the merchants. Asked what ho thought the outcome would be. Urn Mayor simply shrugged hii shoulders In a most expressive manner. In explanatl if the city's position with regard to a settlement of th° strike, the Mayor said: "We have here In Massachusetts a State Board of Arbitration, before which this matter naturally comes. For ti. city to take any measures calculated to end the strike would be taterferenca with the power of the State. How ever, I do not suDpose there Is a person here who would not exert himself to the utmost to end the strike. Business has beep, badly ripped. The mill operatives are the spei, of money In Fall River, and It Is emphatically true that those who suffer most as a result of the strike are the m.-rchants and small storekeepers. ""The only way of reducing this I -- ta dollar and cents Is. of course, by estimati: .< the amount : h^;' would have been earned. It :> fair to say I that fully nine-tenths of the amount eari : would ! have Uen spent In this city I , "Many have left the ciy. though Ist how many I cannot tell. They are, however, mostly wage | earners. I s- no hope of relief in a law making , working hours uniform. That would mean an i Kme-ndment of tha Constitution of the I'nlted j states, an extremely difficult thing to bring about." fcijward a. Ptummer. agent of the board of over : seera or the poor. Mid that the city aid (U still i being continued, despite the reports of curtaU i "■', : V " V'- iiro r - uW -" said Mr. Ptummer, paying ; out for aid of thia sort about $2,000 a week Thi* . amount Is an Increase of about SLSOO a week ovei i what Is usually paid out by us undei normal con- I t on9 \. The weekly payments goir:_- directly to the relief of strikers' families are much larger now than in ihn early stages of the strike but last wee* we did not do aa much as the week before V\e have here a city store, and orders are giv«n upon that. Fuel is also supplied There has. of course, been much suffering, and is yet " rhe curtailment of the city and State relief ex penditures within the last two weeks Is attributed to the disinclination of the city and State fflciala to nut a premium on Idleness. The opening ol the mills has given the strikers a ehan ■•■ to -'irn to work, they believe, and men who will not work when they hay* the opportui cannot be in definitely ipported by the harii - Still, the au thorities find themselves confronted by the tact thiu the women and children dependent upon the men must be cared for at all costal Mr. Pj unmer corroborated the genera] statement aF to the large number of persons who h- tl left the city since the strike. ■ w,. had a population of 11(5.' vv. suid he, "1 guess 100.0 CO will cover it r.ow, all right. STKIKE A GREAT MISTAKE. The Rev. E. W. Smith, rector of tie Eptocopal Church of the Ascension, .- one of the representa tive clergymen who has mad< a study of the strike situation. Xot only In connection with his church work, but as vice-president of the Associated Charities la Fall River, has Mr. Smith had an op portunity to acquaint himself with the situation. In common with all others who have studied the problem before Fall River, >ie is unable to see any way of arriving at a satisfactory settlement He Is willing to admit that FaH River is facing the crisis of her life, but he Is not ready to beUere with others that the breaking up of bVr great In dustry now would mean Its destruction for all time. With the natural advantages which Fall Kiver possesses, Mr. Smith believes that even If the worst comes to pass and tin-> mills are forced out of business under their present management they must In the natural order of things pass into the hands of outside capitalist", and under r.ew management, with now corps of operatives, restore Fall River to her rightful position at the> head of the cotton ituiustr\ of the world. "I believe It wns a very foolish thine: for the Operatives to strike at this time." said Mr. Smith. "Their leaders are aware Of the derirf.>sion In the market. To strlko under such conditions was ab surd, either as a war policy or a business measure. If there hail been sensible men at the heads eif the unions there would have been no strik». T belter. In unions. I believe they are th« sal atton of the working people, but they should be a power for good. 1 have many of the mill operatives ba n.y church, and I advise them to Join tr.e unlona. The fact that this strik* has been running now eighteen wreks ith no show of violence may ba taken .ts evidence that the standard of union membership U being bettered. "Tlier« is. however, considerable blackmail con nected with the progress of the strike. The strik ers must have provisions. Many of. them are wlth- FASHION. DRAMA AND MUSIC. Sa 5 West 13th St., 38 Ma-.-sy Street, Near Fifta Aye. Oac Block from B*way. Correct Glassware For the Dinner Wine Service. In th» first place> it must bev-orrect in color. Cur Warerooms are a revelation in correct color in Table Glassware! Second -Correct wine services require proper form. Out artistic designs ar-" 1 nowhere ap proached. Family Arms, Crests or Monograms on Tii'ole Glassware in many different Styles wf.l satisfy the- most critical. OUR PEICES AP.Z LOW Compared with the H;s : . Quality .»f Oar Glass» Candlesticks < iur *'.->•■:; (■■).. •>i.<»T<: of candlratlcka from T lo IS Inch-* fetch la ■ variety •■•' -• i ««1 CJ I'll . \?fi _„-, cutting from , C«>.l»U . ■ . - c •■ - import.J Roemers. Our iniixj.-te.l ;:,. -i.--r . or Ho h ; r» «. $13 to ■'"' p«r do* For Bachelor QnrtMS. Whtakej Tumblers, fr-.m S3 to *.-»■» pea d'->i High Ball 43ta«Mi fJJA> to Saw pcr v 4osi Hran.lx and S..da Tl|lllM*ll 51.30 lo S^i l>-r t! > :. Cocktail rial— i SXM 10 *uo per n-.i. ■ r • I . • ..' : . :■■ ■ ■ ■■■ A ' n parts* r»-qutr»-il lo ::.;ik.- Da ;'. -. ■". , a bitten b>v ■ : ■. •-li.rr;. lar. mt:ttns ci t I We in:i»' .: >p..t-. Lilly of car» rj ing Ihi *IO to $teo a -• -t. D^nnten in tcr- 1' rarity ,<t shap»>. size »tnl oattintr, from »IJJO t. ♦1.1 Further m»-nt|.>ii may ti.- r.sa.lf ..f oigar jars for th« l.aih- apartment frt.tn - »5 to f SO th«- bottles t'«-lnc tampend Aith. ettliT fo> iitiuors or .!sar«. 01 l»>th. from 188 la $113 Special Values In hip! Comport er n.-»n H->n DWm These <1!«h«j » inih«»« hlnh aii'i 1 inch*~ n. dnuaetet to 13 tncbee htch ar.-i '■' lnch»i .: dnumter, m ka irrva; fa\ .-•:• iksi --t non. Nowhrn can a ereurpr \arieiv of :.• v shapes. s!z-»s and cuttings be foun.i. C/i to J_l» from **• ° *■" v Cologne Bottles ar«> Htrain in fay r an.i we »r« «T«iy where Peeecals»4 aa Jia\ tiii; th^ eaole— l variety, tvona a t-«i bo::;; .-\t 42.00 to a 12-oa bottle a: <:o If a *«>t 1« tl^-Rir"-! with pu9 baa t> niitch. the pu^ boxes may be ha^i fro.ii $.". M up. Everything in Glassware found in stores »h»r» (illimil '.- amtj a «:■!» !:r.» i« bete ir. larger variety aad mere exclusive ae.sija. bo.t* a« to shape ar..l t'uttins'. BOWLS, from small terry bowl at J5.00 to richest punch trawl at 5130.00. I'GI.ERT THAYS fr' m $1.30 (a 52.V00. CRE.AM AND St:c,AK from $3.00 lo ,<:%..->o p«r »et. (>IT. v nt. VINEriAR from $1.00 (a 37. 10 ».ich liE CREASa BETS constating of tray and 11 4!s>.«*» from $27 to $130 per «et. Bf>N B'»N I'IPHE.*: from 51.30 to $10.00. WATER Bi <TTI.ES from ii.OO to K«\O*. vases of *v»r> eoacercabte aaape, tj zn « lAA (tfk size and style of cutting 3-.OU to JIL'U.liV* Genuine Cut Qla^. | We flr.'i H r.»ce«sary to ftuar" •-.» Bvblla »**:.-.!• » ! . heap imitation of ' 'it tlaawan Uxaoat universal'^ j found In the shops .f this City -G'.asswara which U areseed an-1 only »upertlrl.il!y cut h«ra and there to counteract the well known, app*arar.( ol pr«*a-> \ IIWIIII i We are bound to say that nowhr> In th« sttl b*t at our St >r>s '"".iii a r*ii v be »ur» of not settms pr««»«<l k!.is.« in*t*"a-i of g^r.uln* crystal, cut on wh*«U by hand. C. DORFLINQER & 50N5, i'ptown : 3 and 5 West 19th St.. Between Fifth \asiiim and ?:xth Avanosv Downtown : 36 Murray St., NEW YORK. out means, a^ci. of course, tho r^opl* who bar* stores .'anr.ot say no to them When tMf ask for credit. If the merchant* do say no, they know th&t when the strike Is over the people they hava re fused win never trade with them a^aia. Thfs is a Kreat strain on th* resources ol the tradespeople and unless the strike ■" »ettlt»d soon I Imagine* ninny of them will ftstOlUfl bankrupt. "The cotton tmlnstir yoa understand. i» the. or.« ereat industry ol Fall Rtrer. and th» strik» cut* down evpryth'lnpr. th« proflts ii the stores, r»lhx>ad trafßc, church eoptrwullonst bank deposits — yes. and ,yen th>» wcei of the saloona; for when men have no money the] drink less Durtr.sr the month of September tl • arrests for drunkenness ■wern much less thnn bo Ihe -■■ month of the y#ar be fore. I know the op^rnriv^s a cla.^d to b« honesr, Industrious, hanlwnrkir.sr rsonst, but it was a sa«t r l«>t:ike for them lo strike. Moat, or them are now living on their savings, which they are drawing from the banks: and lh#»s ti a.<» vpt no conslderab!* amount of actual suffering What will happen when the savJnga have beeß eaten up no or.* ■•-\:. tell. I am giving 00l aim*, and I kr.->w ts» oth«y clergymen and churches are all doing their share. CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT URGED. Congressn- TVUMim S. Green*, who win head) the flpht for a uniform labor law throughout th« United States in ths LlXth Congress, says he is hopeful •' success. "I believe the ewaetiasitt of such a law to bs> tfc» or>ly r*-£> i an.l pormnner.t solution of such a ■:ta«-. tion as confronts -.:* here In Fall Rlrer.*' said Coa ■ressmaii Greens, "and It Msajsl •■ rr.<» that th«»r« will be Republican parry for?- enough n Otm t.lXth Congress to g°t such a measure Uttmasjh. denptta the opposition of the South. I saw the r-> s blllty of Ihls the tnatnmg after e!«ct!on. a:, i I have tJe t-rmln^! to maks '"*• trial. My attention has been, called to the possfbfßtj of sniuftll Its enactmens under the "g»»eral welfare" etenss of *-he Constitu tion. ar.il 1 mopdsc •• .nvest!srate this thoroughly. •■Toil understand that bHMe s\:oh a measur* could become a Inw It must pass both, branches! oC Congress by a fwo-thlrds vote, and either th« legislatures of speci.il CUUTSnttens in Dm variout tSatea hy a three-fourths vote. It is a tedious proc ess: still I believe It to fc«> our only cermaneot r.-l'.ef. "Let me Illustrate the kajoadra of Urn present dlf ference of working hours in different States. Hera In Fall River, under Massachusetts law. w» eaa work our a Pis only flflj Sftfil hours a week. Nat thrf^ n.iles aw.iy. just Sjtint the Rh>»d« Island line, they can work their mllU sixty mrm a w««k. They can al?<» toIs) 1 1 saei from taxation maoiu facturers :■■ stlnsj there. Thar is unUwful in thl« Sta". In ih« South the cotton mill.-* m.«y run aU . most at -reilon. an«l thert- .\r~ few, if any. re striction-; placed on child labor. I repwU ■ nat a l.uv which shall :>ut all tho 9tntaa on a .'.forni footing In the matter of w.irki:i« noon is the- on!r permanent sotattoa of this problem ami -"-« salvsj" tion of Fill Rl\ - Though the strlk- leaden assert th;U. ondss th» wase scale ha for."«- befer* the last em of i;'-j per cent, ai BTtvaMS wags of $7 a w- •• i w.is belr.< pi. I by the mlils. and thai th»< average OndS* the near sehe : will f.ill below ¥>. the manufacturers ar« emphatic in their assertloii that no suoh thins; a.-* an average wage for a:i operatives can b« reached. No official »t itt-m.»:iT of wagea paid has enSßSaTtafl from th^ni. and they steadfastly refuse to dlscusa the subje»-t. a statement has. however, appeared. which mariuf.-icturers to whom it was shown dsjetar* to be. eorreel Aceevatna to thia statement. th« wasres paid for various kinds of cotton mill work Ir. FaH River and the Po'ith previous to th« cut resulting In the strtlce, »*r» as f >ws F«u nnif. sooth. - ■ <>«h X>rr h^uf. p«r tumr. Mill* nptnn»-» . W.M -. Waavera IS.CJ *3 1 usi ban Z%JM 13*4 Sv^ed^r t»r!.l-f>i . . 14 »» T43 Rlnsr *;:•..»:« .. 11 t» 8 W Sla»h»r» . . . -l •"■'. » •«> Bpoetan <• •■- ••» W>h Jrawtnif .. 15. 40 1. 57 \\*rr-: . IT M IST Str!pp*r« i-iri'... . I] U T. 57 OrinJ*r» M Ml tl«3 ruker mon . . |O 34 trr The new scale t\»r Fall River reduces these flg ures 1J 1 : per . •■!. or <>ne--c:jjhth in, each class of work Whether the cut w.\-* lustifltd or not. whether ths> operathrea .ictevJ rightl> *>r wrongly i;> -winsji t.^s* fact remataa that al the « :»! «>f the e'«;ht«e&th, . w>-»-ic of the *m'i\<\ wtth l^pleted unda, thousands "i her cttlm* idl« and in want, wiatt-r cotnlns QO. ! her one sr.ai Industry ■'' • st^ndsttll Fall fttvv pi iuav (actaa ihe erhns ol per life. On the ctty'* aeatl immi the worda, Uel! try." U ever abe> tried. Fail Kiver mu»t u> oow.