Newspaper Page Text
V"' LXIV. X° 21.253.
REBELLION IN RUSSIA.
Hundreds Shot Down by Troops in
THRONGS DRIVEN BACK FROM WINTER PALACE'S
ENVIRONS—THE INSURRECTION OMINOUS.
An ominous insurrection, which in European capitals is likened to the
opening days of the French Revolution, has begun in St. Petersburg. The
striking workmen, led by Father Gopon, were swept away by volleys,
after a vain attempt to reach the Winter Palace and present their griev
ances to the Emperor. B*4** '
Five hundred persons, according to conservative estimates, five thou
sand according to some reports, were killed or wounded by the soldiers,
most of whom remained loyal and obeyed orders, though they doubtless
spared the life of Father Gopon. One regiment, it is reported, threw down
The workmen have been infuriated by the action of the troops, and in
accordance with the decision of their leaders are arming to renew the
Struggle to-day. Though soldiers guard the principal quarter of the city,
the strikers have erected barricades on Vassiii Island, and further blood
shed is expected.
The Empress Dowager left the city hastily for Tsarskoe Selo, where
the Emperor remains. One general was killed by a mob and several offi
cers were maltreated. _
RUMORS OF DISAFFECTION IN THE PROVINCES.
Ft. rot»rfburp. Jan. 22.-This has been a day
...... horror In St. Petersburg. The
etrikers of yesterday. goa<2ed to desperation by
c day cf violence, fury and bloodshed, are In a
t:a«e of t?P*n insurrection against In govern
A condition almost bordering on civil -war
rxists la the terror stricken Russian capital.
The city i» under martial law. with Prince Vasil
rhikiff as commander of over 50.000 of Th» Em
j«ror's rrack puards. Troops are bivouacking In
the streets to-r.ight. and at various places on
the ??«rßky Prospect, the main thoroughfare of
On the. Island of VasslM nnd In the Industrial
sections Infuriated men >-» thrown up bar
ricades, •which they are holding.
The Empress Dowager has hastily Fought safe
ty at Trarskoe Mtat where Emperor Nicholas II
The workmen to-night wars arming: with every
available, weapon for ■ renewal of the struggle
to-rr ii-.ow. They hay«- few firearm*, but are
tint* miring trade Implements Into weapons.
The Minister of th» Interior. •-■pr>lk-
Sllrflrr, preferred to h's majesty last night th«
fcvjtslicn ' of the workmen to appear at th»
TVJrter Palace this afternoon and receive their
petition, but ihe Emperor's advisers already had
taken a dec.iF.ion to ■haw a firm and resolute
front, nnd the Emperor's answer to i<vt.<*V>
*-nrkm*n trying to rmke their way to tha
Pelar* Square In-day was a solid array of
tnvipF, T.bo met them •with rifle, bayonet and
The priest Gopon. the leader mmi idol of the
Tren. In his prold^n vestments, holding aloft the
err*? und vnrching at tIM h*ed of thousands
**f xrorknvn through the Narva Gate, miracu
lously escaped a volley which laid low half a
Th» frurrs of the total number killed or
voonded here, st th<* Moscow Gate, at various
Vricr-H nnd Islands nnd at the Winter Palace
riry. Th*> lx»st estimate iss T&\, although there
a» exn^jwatrd figures placing the number as
h'.Fh as r>.<VX>. Many mm were accompanied by
their ttSv^f and children, and in the confusion.
»"hlch left no time for discrimination, th» latter
thpred the fate of th« men.
The troops, with th* exception of a single
re-taent. *hl<-h Is reported to have thrown
iown Its. arms, remained loyal and obeyed or
ders, but t n " bloo<j which crimsoned the snow
fcss fr»>(3 the brains and passions of the strikers
ctifi turned women «jb well as men Into wild
*•■"•• ar.d the cry of the infuriated populace
It for v««npean< c.
Tbe ryrr.pathy of the middle classes hi with
■ Pether fJopon, the master mind of the
"wwaaea. aimed at op*n revolution he man
re*l tie affair like a genius to break the faith
a* lh» people in the "Little Father." who they
*-ere conrinced, and who Father Gopon ha 4
ts ught them to believe, mill right their
Maxim Oorky. the -. ;f-*ia;. novelist, expresses
tbt rpirJon that to-day's work will break this
Jaith of the people in the Bmperor. He said
To-day Btarted revolution In Russia. The
frVerors Treatise wUI be Irrevocably shattered
«jL. f * h t ttidl:i « of Innocent blood. He ha*
t/Z't i; 'mJ"-lf forever from his people. Go
f*Ti Vf** 1 lhe workmen to believe that an ap
i\jj r?£L l 0 lhe "Uttla Father" would b«
r,f/w have : ."en undeceived. Gopon Is
««w coarlßced that peaceful means h&v* tailed
t'IZJT 1 the only remedy is force. Th» first
lit • ***" Fhed - but or* will follow It la
b*t»i J ?? cox - le -«mM the oppressors, and the
lUt *"1U te fouglit to the bitter end.
Tk* military authorities had a firm nip on
"WT artery in the city. At daybreak Guards
re riras:;l£. cavalry and infantry, held every
across the frozen N>ra. the network of
** llJ * which Interlaces the city, and the rate*
-*-liT:% from the industrial section, while in the
****'-* ■*••■*• aa the storm centre, were massed
Mom regiments, infantiy and Cossacks of the
mm* from the brldgc-«i and Bates. men.
***** and children croseed the froren river and
•*& on the jo*. by tv. op and threes, hurrying
*« Palac* square, mbere they were sure the
lur would be present to hear them, but
_ . Tm-dn.T. f»lr.
To-morrow, fair: fr«»h northwest wind*.
the street approaches to th? square were cleared
by volleys and Cossack charges.
Men and women, infuriated to frenzy by the
loss of loved ones, cursed the soldiers while they
retreated. Men harangued the crowds, telling
them that the Emperor had foiled them, nnd
that the time had come to act. Men began to
build barricades in the Nevsky Prospect and at
other points, using any material that came to
hand, and even chopping down telegraph poles.
Fighting, mean time, continued at various
places, soldiers volleying and charging the mob.
The whole city was in a state of panic. Women
v.ere running through the streets, seeking lost
members of their families. Several barricades
were carried by the. troops.
Toward S o'clock in the. evening the crowds,
exhausted, began to disperse, leaving the mili
tary in possession. As they retreated up the
Nevsky Prospect the workmen put out ell the
Th© little chapel at Dm Narva Gate was
wrecked. On the Kaminostov Island all the
lights were extinguished.
Every officer wearing the uniform of the Em
j peror -who was found alone was mobbed. A
I general was killed on the Nicholas Bridge, and
i c dozen officers were seized, stripped of their
I epaulets and deprived of their swords.
It is rumored to-night that M. de Wltte will
ibe appointed dictator to-morrow, but the re-
I port Is not confirmed. The authorities, while
i they seem to realize the magnitude of the crisis
| with which the dynasty and the autocracy are
confronted on account of to-day's events, ap
parently pr» paralyzed for the moment.
An official statement was promised at mid
j night, but at that time it was announced that
j It had been postponed till to-morrow.
Intense indignation is bound to be aroused all
over Russia, The workmen and revolutionists
expect news from Moscow and other big centres,
where the troops are not of the same class as
the Guards Regiments of St. Petersburg.
A member of the Emperor's household is quot
ed as Faying to-day that this conflict will end
the war with Japan, and that Russia will have a
constitution or Emperor Nicholas will lose his
The Warsaw and Baltic Railroad Is reported
to have been torn lip for a mile and a half, but
the damage is paidfto have been repaired.
There are rumof. of trouble in Finland and
disaffection of theM-oops.
With dfirknessA was feared the mob might
begin to loot &•*. pillage, and even burn; but
beyond the lireScing of a few windows in the •
Nevsky Pro*p<A and the pillaging of fruit
shops, little dls#j-der was reported. Most of the
theatres were cr>scd, but at the People's Palace,
which was op-n. two Liberals attempted to
harangue the audience, proposing at the close
that the. audience testify to their sympathy with
their fallen brothers. The orators were prompt
ly arrested, but the audience walked out.
By midnight the sound of firing had ceased
except on Vnsslli Octrow, where the troops met
a renewed demonstration with several volleys.
In the mean time the. strike leaders assembled
and decided to continue the struggle with arms.
No day was fixed for the next demonstration.
The strikers are so excited, however, that trou
ble Is expected to result to-morrow.
At a big meeting to-night the following mes
sage from Maxim Gorky was read:
Beloved Associates: We have no Emperor.
Innocent blood lies between him and the people.
Now begins the people's struggle for freedom.
May it prosper. My blessing upon you all.
Would I might be with you to-night; but I have
much to do.
A workman who was introduced to speak in
Father Gopon's name made a fiery address. He
appealed to Liberals to furnish arms. The
meeting adopted « letter denouncing the officers
and regiments that flred on the workmen, and
another letter extolling the Moscow regiment,
which refused to fire.
The most harrowing scenes of the day occurred
around the Palace Square. ; This enormous place
back of th" Winter Palace Is surrounded by
gardens fronting the Admiralty, and by a vast
semicircular building containing the offices of
the General Staff, the Ministry of Finance and
the Foreign Office.,- In the centre of the block is
an arched gateway surmounted by a bronze
NEW-YORK, MONDAY. JANUARY 23. 1905.-TWELVE PAGES -*,, l jJ^ tIOB .
MAP OF ST PETERSBURG.
X SHOWS WHERE THE GREATEST BLOODSHED OCCURRED. AT THE JUNCTION OP THE NEVSKY PROSPECT THE CHIEF STREET OP
ST PRTKR3BI.-RO. AND THE GRANO MORSKAIA. A FASHIONABLE THOROUGHFARE. ' TOK^ICHoiAa BJUJXW ToSnSr^T™
or;\EH?ND'^RK,^nKS SI ' AND ' W "ENCB THE WORKNGMEN CAME, AND WHER E THEY ARE REPORTED TO BE HOLDING
\-)kj 1 AiJt.xll.NiJ ±JA rtrti'w AUKS. '
1 WINTER PALACE. 2 THE ADMIRALTY BUIIJjJNO. 3 ST. ISAACS CATHEDRAL. 4 GENERAL STAFF BUILDINGS. 5 SENATE AND SYNOD
THE PALACE SQUARE. BT. PETERSBURG
Wbere the most harro^ng scenes in yesterday's uprising occurred.
quadriga. The gateway serves as an entrance
to the Grand Morskaia. one of the most fash
ionable streets of the city, which crosses the
Kevsky Prospect. Beyond the semicircular
building: is a wide, space leading: to the Molkay
Canal, and beyond that stands an enormous
square building, the headquarters of the
St. Petersburg Military District. Thence
Grand Duke Vladimir issued orders for the
Whole military preparations and directed the
day's operations. In the centre of th» square
stands an enormous gtanite column supporting:
a statue of Victory, commemorating: the defeat
of the Napoleonic invasion. A veteran guard of
the uniform of the period of Alexander I stands
At the Palace Square early this morning a
considerable crowd of demonstrators already
lined the railings of the Admiralty Garden and
the Boulevard. The square itself presented the
appearance of a military encampment. Several
companies of the Pavlovsky and Preobrajensky
guards had piled their arms, while the men wero
sitting around campfires or stamping on the
snow to keep warm. Beyond the Infantry stood
squadrons of th" Chevalier Guards and the
Horse Guards, without their lances, cuirasses or
the usual gay trappings. The men carried car
bines slung across their shoulders, and their
stirrups were covered with felt or straw to keep
off the cold. All the soldiers wore, bashliks. or
hoods, to protect their ears from the keen wind.
A field kitchen was steaming. Many of the men
wrestled or boxed, cracking jokes as they rolled
on the snow. A long row of ambulances drawn
up near the palace served as a grim reminder of
the stern business In hand.
Meanwhile pickets were stationed at all the
entrances to the Palace, and cavalry patrols
kept promenaders moving along the sidewalk.
Sleigh traffic continued uninterrupted till the
time came for the cavalry to charge. The crowd
of strikers in and outside the Admiralty Gardens
continued to grow hourly, swelled by arrivals
from the Xevsky Prospect, which debouches
vi on the boulevard skirling the Gardens.
The strikers manned and held a small edifice
at the corner of the Gardens and poured out
constant objurgations and reproaches at the
troops. It was in vain that officers requested
them to disperse.
"We have c< ni<- to present our homage and
grievances to the Emperor."
"Let the En.peror come out and bear us: we
do not wish to do harm."
"Long live Nicholas II! If he only liatens to
ojr grievames. are sure he will be just and
"We mniiot :<nig*r endure our sufferings.
Better die at once and end aIK"
Su-h were the crtea lepentedly heard from
Many strikers brought their wives and chil
dren. 'Tou soldiers »re our brothers; you can
not shoot these little one*,*' they exclaimed. As
the pickets and pntrols continued driving off the
people the demonstrators began to give way. and
the bitterest Insults and oaths, In which the
Russian vocabulary Is particularly rich, became
"We are not Japanese; why brutalize us?"
"Will you shame the mother who bore you, who
was a Russian like ourselves?" were some of
the cries that were heard. Later such expres
sions as "Scoundrels," "Mercenaries," "Dogs,"
and wor3e, were heard. A long haired student
among the crowd hurled an Insulting epithet at
an officer, who sent a couple of men to arrest
him. The crowd tried to rescue the student, but
he way dragged and kicked across the sunlit
square, his long hair tossing in the wind. The
crowd broke out into a storm of hoots and
hisses. Then a young workman jeered at a
soldier, who used his rifle butt, and with the
help of comrades dragged the workman, despite
his piteous pleadings, to the lockup. '
Every time the troops moved the crowds hissed
them. Strikers also gathered at the entrance
to the Grand Morakaia and to the avenue leading
to the Moikay Canal. The crowd at the latter
place swelled to huge proportions, blocking the
bridge across the canal.
The order came at I :3<> p. m. to clear the street
Thr i olone] commanding the Hnr?» <»ur>rds ut
tered a short, sharp command; the troopers drew
their swords and advanced »t ■ quick trot, an d
then broke Into .i gallop, heading straight for
the Molkay. Where they were lost in a rloud of
snow. Shrieks from the wounded resounded.
Then came silence, broken only by the gal.. ping
of ambulance horses.
The next twenty minutes passed without in
cident. Nothing indicated th" approach of the
horrible butchery wblcn was destine^ to stain
the corner of the Admiralty Garden with human
blood. The crowd there persisted In refusing
to move on. clamoring for the Emperor and con
tinually hurling abuse at the troops, bi;t at
tempting no violence. Two companies of the
Preobrajensky Guards, < t whlih Emperor Nicho
las himself waa formerly colonel, which ha-j
been standinc »t •*•• '" front af th.> palace,
formed and marched at double quick toward
the fatal corner.
Events followed with awful swiftness. The
commanding oncer shouted: "Disperse! Dis
perse! Disperse!" Many In the crowd turned
to flee, but It was too late. A bugle sounded,
and the men in the front ranks sank to their
knees and both companies n»vd three volleys,
the first two with blank cartridges and the last
with ball. A hundred dead bodies strewed the
Many women were pierced through the back
as they were trying to escape. The Associated
Press's correspondent, standing behind the
Continued on ««™ n d peer.
A LAND OF OUTDOOR SPORT.
Plnehurst. V C. Eighteen, hours' trip by South
e.*n Rv or Seaboard Air I^lne. Golf on two superb
•fjurses: -Qrail •• shooting over private preserve.
Tennis, coif and trap-ahootlnr tournaments.— Advt.
REVOLT IN THE CAUCASDS.
MASSACRE OF RUSSIANS
Tifli* Reported in State of Siege —
Turks Aid Rimng.
Victoria. B. C. Jan. 22.— Captain Orlan Oullen.
representative of the Imperial Marine Associa
tion. «>f Tokio. received a cable dispatch from
Constantinople to-night to the effect that I*oßo
Circassians had revolted and killed the Russian
guard, numbering two hundred, at Slavini. in
the Caucasus, and that Russians and the Turks
In large numbers were crossing the frontier into
the Caucasus to spread revolution in Tiflls Prov-
Tiflis City is practically In a state of
siege, he said, and communication !!• had only by
MARCH OX CITY RUMORED
Report of Repulse of Workmen at
St. Petersburg. Jan. 22. It is rumored that
the workmen on Vaeslli Island have seized a
dynamite factory, and also that StLtOO or 40.000
armed strikers from Kolplno. sixteen miles dis
tant, are marching on St. Petersburg.
Tt is reported that a body of strikers tried to
'■each Tsarsko? Selo. bt;t we-e driven hack by
the troops after a sanguinary conflict.
A TEMPORARY TRUCE.
Capital s Street ft Quiet in Early
Bt Petersburg. Jan. 2"., 4:4"> a. m — St. Peters
burg Is sleeping quietly at this hour, worn out
by the eacHemenl of a long day. Laborers and
spectators have long sln.-e left the streets, and
the military an<l police have had little to do for
hours h«yond driving off oceaatanal r|.:tr»us
bands of irresponsible young roughs bent on
window breaking and marauding, and dispersing
groups of too demonstrative Socialists or I,ih
erals returning from protracted meetings, where
their minds were fired with Incendiary speeches.
Since midnight the Ru-ssUi; capital has been
as peaceful as it was the preceding nights, but
In the Palace Square and in nil the principal
streets and open places through the town biv
ouac fires are gleaming and infant rv men sleep
ar their stacked rifles or marching hither
and Thither Cavalrymen on wearied horses *re
patrolling the long thoroughfares. No further
firing has been h^ard. and no more reports of
collision* have been received.
A renewal of rioting Is not expected until late
in the morning, if at all to-day, as the strikers,
thoroughly wearied by yesterday's events, will
be inclined to wall until the military precautions
have been somewhat relaxed.
It is impossible even now to estimate at all
closely the casualties of th*> day. The exact
number of deaths probably never will N» known.
No Americans were Injured.
Strike Apparently Serious, Is All
Washington. Jan. 22.— Ferv*nt prayers were*
offered In many of O o churches to-day for the
Russian Emperor ami for hi-5 people. Intense
interest in the struggle at the Russian capital
Count I'asslni. the Ilueslan Ambassador, ar
rived here to-night from New-York and was
driven at once to IhC embassy, Hccompanied by
Colonel Raspopoff. the Russian military attache.
The Ambassador Immediately upon his arrival
received dlspan-hes which had tome since th?
Ambassador left Ne->-Ynrk. early in the day.
Disturbing as were the facts told in these tele
grams, Count Cassinl was never more .aim than
as he carefully scanned their contents. Offi
cially, the Ambassador has heard nothing of the
situation, and for this reason he would make no
' Apparently there is m s*rlous strike In Sf
Petersburg. " he remarked, "but 1 have no news
except that which hae reached me In these dis
PRICE THREE CENTS.
HORROR TIIR(M Ft ROPE
r\7Hs DEEPLY STIRRED.
Official* Fear Repetition of France**
Paris, Jan. -Th» news of the bl^dy »t->nte
in St. Petersburg has nnwd -» profound sensa
tion h-r». The newspapers Issued special edi
tions through th» evening giving dnmatlc de
tail* of the street fighting, and the** w*r»
eagerly read and discussed, In the boulevards, at
the theatres and in other pubUc places, the trag
edy being the only nubject of rnnrment. Th»
newspaper offices were surrounded by crowds
Officials here have r-eefved advices practically
the same M those made public. The general
view, including that of officials, i«. one of th»
deepest apprehension that the event* of to-day
may precipitate in Russia a period of revolution
such an France has witnessed.
The "Temps's" St. Petersburg correspondent
to-night makes a graphic comparison between
the position of Emperor Nicholas TI and Kin*
Louis XVI on the ev<* of the Reign of Terror.
After a careful analysis of the situation, th«
correspondent concludes that most of the mili
tary forces of Russia will remain loyal to th«
Emperor, although he foresees prospects of soran
of the artillery regiments playing the same role
as that of the regiment of the French Guard*
on the fall of the Bastile at the outbreak of the
French Revolution. The correspondent also
points out that Emperor Nicholas's withdrawal
to TsarskoS-Selo places twenty-one kilometres
between him and the excited populace.
The prevailing tone here is one of aw» at th«
magnitude of the horror. The Socialist journals
do not disguise a strong sentiment in favor of
the people and of indignation against the course
of the government.
London. Jan. 23. — Such phrase* as these, ex
tracted from editorial articles In the London
morning newspapers, sufficiently indicate th*
opinion held here tyf yesterday's events in 3t.
"Revolt has been quelled, but revolution be
"The bureaucracy has declared its policy ; tt t«
the policy of B!a<?ovestsehensk— massacre."
""The inevitable reaction has begun, and with
it a new chapter m Russia's history, and prob
ably also in the history of Europe and Asia."
"The revolutionary movement In Russia has
received its baptism of blood, its crown of mar
"Is there a Mlrabeau or «yen I Danton \n
"A very grave responsibility ties to-day at th-5
door of the Czar, who has failed to graso h!3
"The 'Little Father" has become th? ■ .r|«r.
of his people, and it remains with him to sit«
the country from disaster. Even at jne eleventh
hour he may do so. but only by recognizing that
autocracy has gone forever."
It is pointed out that the fate of Russia does
not depend upon the people of St. Petersburg
alone, but on the masses through the country,
and it is considered that the happenings of re
cent months connected with the agitation for
constitutional reform sufficiently attest th^
Some of the special dispatches from St. Pe.
tershurg this morning comment upon the ua»
expectedly determined attitude displayed by th*
Russian workmen yesterday, as revealing; a net*
phase In the character of th« patient masses.
Many special correspondents give extravagant
reports. For Instance, the correspondent of
"The Dally Mall" says that twenty thousand
people from Kolpino were met at the Moscow
Arch, on the confine* of St. Petersburg, with six
volleys, and that a thousand fell dead and
fifteen hundred were wounded. Other corre
spondents state that the workmen have pro
claimed their intention to attack private prop
erty, and that the Minister of th« Interior has
consented to receive a deputation of workmen
While many estimate the casualties at
twe thousand killed and five thousand wounde<J.
there is everywhere c op.-bisive evidence ed the
Impossibility of yet estimating the number wita
any degree of exactitude.
THE TROUBLED CITY.
St. Petersburg's Population Xoro
St Petersburg has been the capita' c- Rus
sia ain'-e it was founded for that purpose by
Peter the Oreat. in 1712. Ita founding marked
Russia's rhange from an Oriental to an Occi
dental nation, and gave her connection with the)
Western Kurope%n countries.
The population of St. Petersburg is now about
l,500,O». There are many factories, and th*
city has large commercial and Industrial inter
ests. A number of colleges and universities ar-»
also situated there.
The city lies chiefly on the left bank of th«
Neva and on the Islands formed by Its delta. It
is built around and commanded by the famous
fortress of St. Peter and St. Paul. This fortress
is also used ac a state prison.
The main part of the city is regularly laid out
in modern Kuropt-an style. From the Ad
miralty. WBlen stands ill II ■■? The i-iiy.
ra'Uate lluree lensj avenues, the Nevsky Pros
,-.spe<-t and l.orokho-
On the Varily Island are 'he exchange and
the most important educational institutions, in
cluding the university.
The ground on which the city stands was voit
by Peter I from Sweden in ITIC and was at
once chosen by him as :h« site for his nr-T
< apital. and he took energetic measures to hasten
its building. Thousand^ of peasants were or
dered from the rural districts. a scarcity of
masons was met by an order for Mil dinar the
erection of stone buildings anywhere else In th^
empire, and all owners of over five hundred
serfs were obliged to spend the winter months
in the city and to build a horn* there.
QUICKEST LINE TO CLEVELAND.
Leave New TorX S:^ p. m.. «rriv«> Cl*Yttan<3 MA
next xnonunr. Cincinnati 1:30 P. «.. Indianapolis S^O
p. •» St. Louts •:« p. ca.. by N*w York Centr*J.
Tin* Berries No excess t*r«.—AitTt.