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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 04, 1905, Image 10

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'AMERICA IN WAR TIME.
James Ford Rhodes on a Difficult
Period in Our Wttorjf.
HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES. From the
Compromise of 1860. By James Ford Rhodes.
LL. Y>.. Lit IX Vol. V. 18«4-1S66. Svo. pp. xiv.
659. The Macmlllan Company.
Dr. Rhodes begins this volume with the ac
count of Sherman's inarch to the sea and car-
bis history down through the early stages
of reconstruction to the complete and open
rupture between Congress and President John
son. In it he displays all the qualities which
have given such noteworthy character to the
earlier volumes of his work. He is painstaking
in research, showing a full acquaintance with
the sources of accurate knowledge. He has
capacity for weighing evidence and grasping
the essential truth of contemporary impres
sions or reports of eye witnesses, while guard-
Ing against insufficient Inductions, balancing
them with less vivid official records. He has
charm and lucidity of style and a rare gift
for quotation— not the trick of essayists who
make a pastiche of other people's clever say
ings, but the faculty of seizing the word or
phrase from letter. 6peech or debate which re
flects the actual movement of events and makes
his reader the participant in a living scene.
Above all, he is inflexibly judicious, without
causes to plead, friends to eulogize or enemies
to condemn, but with one sole aim, the truth.
Military movements occupy a subordinate
place in this period, notwithstanding the fact
that it marked the culmination of the struggle
and the surrender of Lee and Johnston. Im
portant as were these last campaigns, which
are carefully reviewed in outline without op
pressive technical detail yet the course of the
war was already determined, so that the condi
tions of life North and South and the Issues of
reconstruction crowd upon the historian's at-
tention.
Dr. Rhodes makes a brilliant study of Sher
man's erratic genius, raying full tribute to the
greatness of his inspiration and the superb
ability and self-confidence with which he exe
cuted the movement to cut the Confederacy in
two. The march to the sea is the Southerner's
bitterest memory of the war. Its devastation,
however, was a justifiable military measure,
and only as there was wanton destruction of
private property not directly useful to the
enemy or outrage and Irregular foraging and
looting Is there legitimate ground for com
plaint. Sherman's orders in this respect were
in general well intended, but they left loop
holes for the lawless, and the bitterness which
pervaded the whole army, from headquarters
down, toward South Carolina as the author of
the country's woes was too little restrained.
Most of the general officers sought to stop dep
redations, except Kllpatriek, whose men were
many of them professional "toughs." Much of
the depredation was committed by camp fol
lowers', often Southerners themselves, and
Sherman asserted that when he detected pil
lagers he punished them, but the records show
few penalties, and those inadequate. The con
clusion is difficult to resist that Sherman was
not overanxious to perceive the havoc wrought
by his army. Yet it is noteworthy that with all
this horde of soldiers and civilian "bummers"
in their train, entering houses, destroying fur
niture, stealing plate and Jewelry, there was al
most an entire absence of personal violence to
•women. It Is greatly to the credit of American
manhood that the traditional crime- of lawless
toldiery was not characteristic of even Kilpat
rick's sweepings from the slums.
Whi> Sherman deliberately meant the heart
of the Confederacy to feel the weight of war. he
•was not vindictive. His scourge was an instru
ment of speedy peace, and at the prospect of it
all the generosity of his nature was at the com
mand of his foes. His agreement with John-
Eton obviously exceeded his authority in going
beyond Grant's magnanimity to Lee in purely
military affairs and attempting to deal with
civil matters. The government properly re
pudiated It. and there Is reason to believe that
Sherman, as he soberly reviewed his -york, had
come more than half to expect this; but the
newspaper publications of Stanton and the con
sequent public misapprehension and denuncia
tion of himself cut him to the quick. He broke
cut in bitter recriminations and sought occasion
to insult Wanton. Conceding Sherman's mis
lake and the teek of dignity with which he bore
himself after the incident, and weighing all the
defences of Stanton's conduct as due to the po
litical necessity of repudiating the bargain as
emphatically as possible. Dr. Rhodes declares
that Stanton's triumph was Ignoble and based
on misrepresentation and defamation. He says
of Stanton: "Since the President's assassination
and the threats against his own life he had been
in a state of excitement which was intensified by
his lack of physical courage." Accustomed to
act Impulsively on insufficient knowledge, he
lost his head. He regarded the general as a
public enemy, and. not content with rectifying
his mistake, he made It his business to expose
him in the light of an enemy without scrupulous
regard for truth. In this and some other re
spects Dr. Rhodes presents Stanton in an un
favorable light, which he himself says is an un
gracious task, "for an assessment of his char
acter, balancing the good against the 111, shows
that he deserved well of his country." He sac
rificed himself to it. He was a great war min
ister of Indomitable spirit, overpowering energy
and Inflexible honesty. His usefulness as an aid
to Lincoln Is beyond appraisal, but he was nar
row minded, combative and lacking in magna
nimity.
The early half of the war was on both sides a
time of devotion and plain living. Simplicity
was the fashion. By the beginning of ISO 3
business improved at the North, and while in
the South the average lor was Increasing pov
erty, a class of blockade runners and speculators
had come into sudden fortune. In both sections
a taste for luxury and display appeared which
seems utterly incongruous with the vast Orains
In blood and treasure thf:i going on. Moral
ists decried the prevailing levity, but the un
precedented demand for goods create! a new
class of rich people utterly distinct from the oM
tlme conservative wealthy families, and they
gave the country its first noteworthy experience
of what has been seen since at the height of
every successive period of commercial expan
sion. The automobile v.as not then Invented,
but the nouve&u rtcbe of th^ day had his own
peculiar excesses, and the importations of silks
and laces and Jewels reacheu theretofore unprec
edented figures. How far prosperity founded on
war and waste is real may be fairly questioned.
Tet certainly the good times of 1864 were gen
eral. Labor was in great demand at high prices,
and- almost everybody in the North was the
beneficiary of financial activity except those who
earned fixed salaries, which were found to be
unequal to the increased cost of living and the
growing habits of luxury. Easy circumstances
naturally affected public virtue, and there can
be no doubt that corruption, especially in deal
ing with the government, flourished enormously
Commerce across the line was a fruitful source
of demoralization. Neither side followed a con
sistent policy or seamed to be certain of Its own
interests. In general, of course, trade with the
enemy was forbidden by each government. . At
the beginning the Confederates thought they
could coerce the world by a scarcity of cotton,
*nd held the staple closely, even burning large
quantities, while the North was ready to buy in
return for money or g-jods. so long ns they wero
not contraband of war. Later, the Confederates
found that salt and medicines and money were
well worth having. The result was that the
g£nrermn*nt3 wlnk«d at the trade and even
nought to regulate It. Under Butler, at New-
Orleans, the traffic became a scandal, in which
he was to some extent involved. Grant was
convinced that' any trade whatever with the
Confederates strengthened them, and Sherman
agreed with him. Secretary Chase and Halleck.
however, differed with them, and the policy of
the government at Washington seemed to be to
get cotton for tents and clothing. It was im
possible to regulate this trade, once allowed, and
the army was full 'of officers who profited by it
B-n^Sirre not overscrupulous as to the charac
ter of the goods which they let go across the
line in return.
We are unable to follow Dr. Rhodes at length
in the discussion of conditions North and South.
His chapters on this phase of the war, however,
are contributions of great value to our under
standing of the life which went on behind the
firlnsr lines. The state of agriculture and trade
in the South, the civil administration of the
Confederate government and the domestic con
dition of the people are often forgotten amid the
clash of arms. But here they receive their due
attention. This comparison of the actual opera
tion of the Federal and Confederate governments
upon their people is too illuminating to escape
quotation:
Southerners believed that the federal government
had degenerated into a military despotism. In a
private letter from Richmond. September 1, 1862,
Alexander li. Stephens wrote: "The North to-day
presents tho spectacle of a free people having g°ne
to war to iiiake treemen of slaves, while all they
have yet attained is to make slaves of themselves!"
"Here" he declared in a public speech at Mil
ledgeville, March 16, lf*>4. "notwithstanding our dan
gers and perils, the military has always been kept
subordinate to the civil authorities. Here all the
landmarks ot English liberty have been preserved
and maintained, whllo at the North scarcely a
vestige of them is left. There, instead of courts of
justice with open doors, the country is dotted all
over with prisons and bastiles." At the same time
the general belief at the. North was that the Con
federate government was a tyranny which crushed
all opposition.
The bases of both these beliefs are apparent.
Theoretieallv, liberty seemed surer at the South
than at the North, but practically the reverse was
true. Few men In the I'nion or Confederacy had
actual need of the privilege of the writ of habeas
corpus; but all able bodiod men at the South who
were not too old were touched by the universal
exaction of military service, and ail who had prop
erty were affected by the Impressment of it at an
arbitrary price fixed by tho government. Tho fed
eral government may be called a dictatorship.
Congress and the people surrendered certain of
their rights and powers to a trusted man. T.ie
Confederacy was a grand socialized state. In which
the government did everything. It levied directly
on the producer of the land, and fixed prices; it
managed railroads, operated manufacturing estab
lishments, owned merchant vessels and carried on
foreign commerce. It did all this by common con
sent, and the public desired it to absorb even more
activities. Frequent requests to extend the prov
ince of the general government of the States and
of the municipalities may be read In the news
papers. In the public and private letters of tJi»
time. The operations seemed too largo for Indi
vidual Initiative, and the sovereign power of th«
state came to be invoked.
The Bufferings of the prisoners In Libby and
Andersonville are even a bitterer memory to the
North than the devastation between Atlanta
and Charleston 1b to the South, Dr. Rhodes,
with conspicuous fairness, considers the whole
subject of the treatment of prisoners on both
sides. There can be no question about the
horrors of Andersonville, and on the other hand
the Northern climate bore hardly on the Con
federates at Camp Douglass, Camp Morton and
Johnson's Island. Had the war ended in ISG3
there might have been little complaint by either
party. Stanton's refusal of exchange threw
upon the South an embarrassing problem at a
time when it found difficulty in feeding and
clothing its own soldiers. Undoubtedly there
were some inhuman jailers like "Wlrz, and much
stupidity in the equipment of camps, but the
chief trouble came not from Intentional cruelty,
but from inability to cope with the problem.
Intelligent oversight might undoubtedly have
secured for the prisoners at Andersonville, by
their own labor and without expense to the gov
ernment, comfortable quarters, but suitable ra
tions and. medicines were often unattainable,
with the best intentions. Voices were not
lacking among Confederate officers calling at
tention to the needs of the prisoners. "All
things considered," says Dr. Rhodes, "the sta
tistics show no reason why the North should
reproach the South. If we add to one side of
the account the refusal to exchange the pris
oners and the greater resources, and to the
other the distress of the Confederacy, the bal
ance struck will not be far from even. Certain
it is that no deliberate Intention existed either
In Richmond or Washington to inflict suffering
on captives more than Inevitably accompanied
their confinement."
The student of the early years of reconstruc
tion must be convinced that Johnson's narrow
and unconciliatory spirit was a great national
misfortune. He adopted Lincoln's policy in the
main, and was more nearly right than the rad
icals whom, by his tactlessness, he drove to
more extreme radicalism. Even after his first
summer's wrangle, in December, 1865, the ma
jority in Congress was ready to co-operate with
him, and he could have secured the readmission
of the Southern States by showing more regard
for Congressional prerogative and making con
cessions for the protection of the freedmen
which did not interfere with the essentials of
his scheme. Unfortunately, the South itself
did not help him. The first feeling of submis
sion was soon succeeded by demands and by ef
forts unreasonably to restrict the civil rights
of negroes. The great body of Northern peo
ple were unprepared to give the blacks the bal
lot except with careful restrictions, but South
ern truculence and Johnson's obstinacy swelled
the ranks of the radicals and prompted them
to more extreme measures than they had con
templated. Johnson was the worst enemy of
his own policy. Dr. Rhodes declares that of
all men in public life it is difficult to conceive
of another so 111 fitted for the delicate work of
reconstruction as Johnson, while he believes
that the same essential policy might have beer,
carried to success by Lincoln, and that under
him reconstruction would have been a model of
statecraft which would have adrled to his great
faiTif."
FDWIN AND ANGELINA.
An Accusation of Plagiarism Against Gold
»mith.
Bertram Dobell. in Notes and Queries.
I have in my possession a book called "The
Quiz by a Society of Gentlemen." It was ap
parently first published in periodical form in
1797. The fifteenth paper of this work is en
titled "A Plagiarism of Dr. Goldsmiths." The
sum of this is that the author asserts that Gold
smith's "Edwin and Angelina" is an almost
literal translation of a French ballad called "Rai
mond et Angeline." which first appeared in a
novel entitled ' Les Deux Habitants de Lozanne."
printed in 1606. Tho book, the writer says, "is
very rare, the volume that I have read being the
only one that I ever saw: I am sorry that it is
not now in my possession: it being the property
of the Duchess di Levia, who I believe is at
present in Italy. Most probabiy Goldsmith, in
his wanderings over the Continent, had met with
this little work, and being struck with its merit
had first translated it for its beauty, and then,
relying on the obscurity of the author, published
it as his own. . . . Dr. Goldsmith hath inter
woven many stanzas which are in themselves
beautiful; yet for my part, I am better pleased
with the compressed length of the French ballad.
and think it, upon the whole. Infinitely more
perfect."
The writer then prints the French ballad, of
which he says he has modernized the spelling.
The follow^u* is the. first stanza exactly as it
appears in tho book:-
Er,tena ma volx gamesant«.
Habitant tf*>ce« vallonal
• Guide me march tremblante,
Qui se perd dans lea bulssons:
Nest U pas quelque chaumlern,
Dans le fond de cc redult;
Ou J» vois une lumlerc,
Perce Torn bre de la nuit.
Is all this an elaborate piece of mystification?
Upon the whole, it seems most likely that it is
At least we can hardly consider It to b« any
thing el«e until a copy of "Led Deux Habitants
de Lozanne," including the ballad. Is discovered.
NEW-rOEK DAILY TRIBUNE. SATURDAY. FEBRUARY L 1005.
ITAVS ALAND.
Its People and Its Possibilities —
A Prophecy Fulfilled.
THE WHITE MAN IN NIGERIA. By Georjt©
Douglas Hazzledtne. With Map and Seventeen
Illustrations from Photographs. Bvo., pp. xv£
228. Longmans. Green & Co.
Tucked away Just north of the coast colonleo
In the furthest corner of the Gulf of Guinea, and
lying: south of the Desert of Sahara, Is a territory
about 300,000 square miles In area and con
taining an estimated population of 30,000.000.
■which has lately come under British influence.
11l adapted as It is as yet, and doubtless will be
for a lons time to come, as a place of residence
for Europeans, a few adventurous Englishmen
have been found to go there as civil servants to
undertake the establishment of law and order
among the people and to promote the economic
development of the land. To one of these of
ficials, Mr. George Douglas Hazzlcline, we are
Indebted for one of the most picturesque and
fascinating accounts of an ancient yet almost
forgotten race that it has been our privilege to
read.
Centuries ago the Hausa States, which com
prise the present protectorate of Northern
Nigeria, were as far ahead of Europe in civiliza
tion as Europe is now ahead of Hausaland. It
was the factory of the Mediterranean, Just as
Morocco was its granary, pouring its produce
and manufactures across the desert into Europe
— ns it pours them through the same channels
still, though to a different market The morocco
leather of commerce to-day comes from Kano,
one of the principal cities.
T»i Its . ar l 8 and *. crafts have been left behind by
Blrminfirham; t>ut then It had no machinery. It
J. v ? 5. a '. ld Slirvivf> d through periods In which the
Gothic invasion would have been an ordinary in
cident. It was a mighty civilization, and those who
built it up were, are now, and will for ages be. a
mighty people.
Thus writes the author after a close associa
tion with the Hausaa under conditions of the
most trying nature. Ho writes to call the at
tention of his countrymen to the enormous pos
sibilities of the region from a commercial point
of view, and to the necessity of an adequate
expenditure now in order to secure the benefits
that must accrue in the future by diverting tho
trade of Northern Nigeria from the long and ex
pensive caravan routes across the desert, and
directing it to the coast by way of the Niger.
Incidentally, he gives a vivid picture of sub
tropical life and customs and opens up a new
chapter in the history of African exploration.
Exploration is perhaps not the exact term to
use, since the country has been often visited,
but so little has really been known about It,
and Mr. Hazzledine reveals so much of Its past
history and present conditions, that no other
woTd seems adequately to serve.
Two races dwell In Hausaland, the Hausas
and the Fulani. Totally distinct in appearance,
character and language, they occupy the same
territory, mingle freely in the natural Inter
course of dally life— though rarely intermarry
ing — and regard each other with mutual dis
dain. No one knows how long the Hausas have
lived there, or when the Fulani came, but the
Hausa Is the older race. It has a written lan
guage antedating the Arabic, and devotes itself
to Industry — to farming, spinning, weaving, dye
ing, manufacturing and hunting; while as a
trader the Hausa is known all over northern
Africa, He is a black, flat nosed negro, but
everything about him indicates a past of splen
dor, wealth and power. The Fulani. on the
other hand, is lighter colored, with a hook nose,
betokening possibly a Moorish or Berber origin.
Originally a nomad, ho wandered to Hausaland
with his flocks and herds and st&yed there. His
cattle throve and increased and bo did he. Ho
became rich. Then, through the rise of Oth
man. the gypsy became the aristocrat.
Even when Buonaparto was conquering Europe,
Othman, his ante-type-, wns founding another em
pire on the Niger, an empire which was not to
wane until the Germans were on the boulevards.
Othman was a Fulani, who. bavins for some time
provided the petty kings with sinews of war. con
ceived the advantages of fighting for himself and
getting the profits of the principal as well as the
commission of th** apent. We have only a gen
eral outline of his career, but it probably began
,w!:h wealth, and It certainly ended In power. . . •
The Moor, conquering half of Spain, and almost
reaching Egypt, ruled a greater it-nitury, but fewer
people, than did the Sultan of Snkoto. . . . Hav
ing conquered, this dark Napoleon, like the white
one, set himself to administer. Among his own race
he found Ms material. Everywhere he appointed
governors and petty governors of his own people.
As a climax to this romantic history, the au
thor tells of a prophecy said to have been
spoken by Othman on his deathbed. It was
that "his dynasty was to last for a hundreu
years. The sixteenth Sultan would reign but
for a day. Then would come the day of a for
eign power for four years, and then the lfahdl
and the millennium." The hundred years end
ed In 1903. By that time the British occupa
tion was well under way. The fifteenth Sultan
died, and the sixteenth, marking the encroach
ments of the foreigner and bearing in mind the
words of the founder of his line. Incontinently
fled. It is ha.d to get away from the convic
tion that the earnestness of Mr. Hazzledine's
appeal for a prompt strengthening of the hands
of the present administrators of the country
is not, in part, at least, due to tho impression
made on his mind by the remarkable working
out of this hundred year old prophecy. Not
that he puts any real faith in it himself. He
thinks. Indeed, that it is quite possible that the
prophecy is a comparatively modern Invention,
made to fit the seemingly inevitable trend of
events. Kut it is firmly believed In by the na
tives, nnd the timely advent of a sHf-appojnted
Mahdl In I!X>7 might well cause an uprising that
tho small force available In Northern Nigeria
would be powerless to cope with. If the country
is not wholly under British control by that
time.
Ho far this control in* been extended In a
manner that reflects credit on those In responsi
ble chnrge both nt hoin" and on flic spot. "There
has been no sanguinary warfare, no holocaust,
no Omdurman, no devastating of districts, no
departing of thousands," writes Mr. Hanledine,
"nothing but a few well planned coups, a few
marvels of personal dash and valor, a few forced
marches, a few minutes with the Maxim, a few
dogged chases, a feW quirk decisions, a little
bluff, and a few shells from the seven-pounders
--greatest of all have been the shells from the
fieven-pournlers." It lias been an occupation
rather than a conquest, the Hausas generally
welcoming British rule, as an obvious Improve
ment over that of thfir former Fulnnl con
querors, whose waning power irft them a prey
to their slave rnkllng neighbors, "it may be
that the white rares have preyed upon th»
black or.es in the past, but never bo much as the
black races have preyed upon one another,"
says the author. "I'ntil the educated native
has a higher education still, the white man
must stay there to watch him. . . The negroes
will never be equal to the white men until they
understand that they are equal among them
selves." But it Ip not only of the history of the
country' and of its commercial possibilities that
Mr. Hazzledine writes. Most entertaining are
his chapters on the personal characteristics of
the people, and of those especially with whom he
was thrown in close personal relations, their
customs, tr.-lr superstitions, their fidelity when
once their confidence has been gained. The
author has the happy faculty of gain-
Ing that confidence, and of getting behind the
barrier which difference in ntandards Is apt to
lnterpoee.
Major Martin Hume, the author of "The Love
Affairs of Mary Queen of Scots" and "The
Courtships of Queen Elizabeth." has written an
other book relating to the amatory experiences
and matrimonial entanglements of British roy
alty. Th» new volume, which will be issued i,«r»
Books and Publications.
"J. Percy Dunbar, Financier"
A new serial story begins in the Picture Section of the BROOKLYN EAGLE. Monday, Feb. 6
— a fascinating story of love and money. The local setting of its scenes and incidents gives it a
peculiar interest to Manhattan and "Brooklyn people.
The Picture Section
Of the BROOKLYN EAGLE is published every day — a new and immensely popular feature in.
daiiy journalism.
Gardner Matthews of the firm A. D. Matthews' Sons writes the Eagle:
"Your daily supplement interests me mightily. I get the whole story at a glance. Each picture
tells the story and doesn't need a column of words. I see wonderful possibilities for civic better
ment in this daily story without words."
DO NOT MISS A SINGLE COPY OF THE BROOKLYN LAGLL.
in the spring by McClure. Phillips & Co.. will
bear the title of "The Wives of Henry VIII,"
and will contain the result of Major Hume's
recent explorations among the ancient public
documents among which he lives in the British
Public Record Office.
BOOKS AND AUTHORS.
Current Talk About Things Pres
ent and to Come.
Colonel Thomas Wentworth Hlgglnson has
edited for Hou^hton. Mtfflin & Co. the volume
commemorative of the anniversary proceedings
at "The Hawthorne Centenary at Wayside.
Concord. Mass., July 4-7. 1904," which that
firm will issue on the 25th of this month. The
book will contain a number of illustrations re
produced from photographs.
Mrs. Alec. Tweedle, It Bcems, has decided not
to write a volume of her impressions of Amer
ica, because, as she s:.ys, we arc "too nice": in
stead, she gives them to an interviewer. She
likes our telephones, our railroad trains, and
our fkh-ave.; but she considers us "shame
fully behind the times In some things." and
cites our postal service, the cost of telegraph
ing and of hansom cabs, and the lack of a par
cels post as reprehensible instances.
Gertrude Atherton's "Rulers of Kings" is to be
brought out In Germany by a publisher who
is apparently not enjoying the experience. The
story was translated into German by Mrs. Regi
nald Birch, who submitted it to the publisher,
and he accepted it apparently without reading
it. or. at any rate, without a very clear idea of
the free and easy pen portrait that Mrs. Ather.
ton gives of the German Emperor. When the
realization of what the dainty dish contained
that he was preparing to set before the king
penetrated to his Teutonic consciousness he
hastily repudiated the bargain. The threat of
a suit for breach of contract caused him to re
consider, and he has now decided 'to publish
the volume and run the risk of lese majesty.
"The Pandex of the Press" is a new maga
zine, published by the Calkins Newspaper
Syndicate, of San Francisco, and edited by Ar
thur I. Street, formerly of "Collier's Weekly" and
at one time Editor of the Associated Sunday
Magazines. The plan of the publication is to do
for the daily newspapers what "The Review of
Reviews" does for the monthly periodicals, the
leading topics of the day being treated by means
of extracts from selected articles from the n ws-
Pipers of the land. The result is to give a fresh
account of current events from different points
of view. The magazine is copiously illustrated
%vlth reduced reproductions of the cartoons pub
lished in the press on the subjects treated. A
short editorial introduction serves to summarize
the situation In regard to each topic. The idea
is novel, at least in its present application, and
the result is certainly interesting.
Almost the entire exhibit of the Parisian book
binders that was shown at the St. Louis Exposi
tion has been brought to New-York and may i>*
seen for a at the bookstore of Charles
Scribner's Sons. The collection is Interesting as
exhibiting the moat recent development of the
art In its hea.l centre, the occasion being one
which would naturally cr.ll forth the best efforts
of the binders represented, among whom are
such well known masters as Custn, David, Gruel.
Lortic and Kuban. The general note of the ex
hibit Is a freedom from restraint, a breaking
away from the conventionality of the old school.
the "new art" movement dominating in every
direction, with results occasionally beautiful,
but mostly bizarre. Some of the carved leather
work of Cruel, as shown on the front cover o*
a copy of Anatole France's "Le Procurateur de
Juu^e* the text of which is print- . I in an en
graved script, is especially noteworthy as a de
parture from accepted forms, yet well within the
limits of good taste, la some Instances the
carved leather designs take the form of Inset
l.aiul?--. To produce this carving the leather is
lirst frozen In order to g'.ve It the requisite hard
ness Tor taking the fine lines of the chisel, and
where the effect of high relief Is desired the
leather is pushed out from the hack and the
space filled in. Saint-Andre de Llguereux has
a number of examples of this carved work, nota
hly in n lar^e octavo ropy of the Oxford edition
of the Holy Bible, and In a copy of "Don
Quixote." showing a windmill carved In relief
on r\n inset panel. Some of the most plervsing
effects are f.fpn in the covers Inlaid with col
ored leather in natural designs, where blind tool
inp Is substituted for the usual outlines In gold
whi< h were formerly deemed necessary to hold
the inlays in place. Some of the new fa?hiors of
the French binders, however, \slll doubtless be
shortlived, jis in the rase of the .-ov«rs with In
set panels of wood. One of these, by David, a
copy of TlSßOt'l "Life .of Chris'," shows a
wooden pnnel on which is reproduced a picture
from the look fTh" Magnificat), In which th»
grain of the wood is ingeniously made t<> h. lp
out the design. From some of these eccentrici
ties one turns v\lth relief to four liitle volumes
ot" La Fontaines "Fables." bound by Lortic
in full red levant, with a conventional tooled
design that looks, except for its newness, as
if it might have been bound the same year .hat
It was printed, which wan In 177S
Mr. and Mr^. Williamson's automobile ro
mance, "The Princess Passes." which has been
running as a serial in the "Metropolitan Maga
zine." will be h.sued In book form on March 11
by Henry Holt * Co.. the publishers^ "The
Lightning Conductor." written by the same au
thors.
The new novel by Dr. Henry r Rowland, au
thor of "To Windward," win be entitled •The
Wanderers," and will be publish* d by A. S
Barnes & Co. on the iMth of this month. It Is
described as a dramatic story of the sea. the
action passing on a yacht between Gibraltar
and the South Seas. Some of the characters In
I Books and Publications.
TWO CAPITAL NOVELS JUST READY '
The Two Captains
By CYRUS A Story of Bonaparte and
TnW vcr ivrn Nelson, by the author of "A
Wtw Little Traitor to the South >"
BRADY i s a dashing story of love and
illustrated, aoih. si. war in France, Egypt and the
Published To-day Mediterranean.
The Secret Woman
By LDLN By the author of
PHILLPOTTS "The American Prisoner,"
w«h Frontispiece li Children of the Mist,"
Published January 13 . .
Goth, $1.50 eIC -» etC
"A new novel from the pen of Mr. Eden Phillpotts
is an event of importance." — Record-Herald, Chicago.
pnb » hed THE MACMILLAN COMPANY co *¥!\t~-
the author's "Fea Scamps" reappear in the new
romance.
It is learned that the uncle of Thomas Dixon.
to whom he dedicates his new novel. "The Clans
man." bore the exalted rank and title of Grand
Titan of the Invisible Empire, as the Ku Klux
Klan was officially known to its members. T'.ie
Klan began as a Greek letter college fraternity,
and grew to a membership, it is said, of 4<J0,000.
with an elaborate ritual and Ironclad oaths, in
writing hia novel Mr. Dixon had access to thi3
secret ritual.
Thomas Whlttaker is about to publish "Life
and Its Problems," a volume of recent sermons
by the Rev. Dr. A. O. Mortimer, of Philadel
phia.
BOOKS OF THK WEEK.
BIOGRAPHY.
LAST LETTERS OF AUBREY EEA.RDSLEY With an
Introductory note by the Rev. John Gray Uno ip
ix. US, (Usr.gnians. Green & Co.)
SYDNEY SMITH. By George W. E. Russell. 12n»o dp
vil. 242. iThe Macmtllan Company.l
In the "English Men of Letters" series.
THE LIFE .OF FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE. By Sarah
A. Tooley. Illustrated. 12mo. pp. xvi 344 iTb«
Maomillan Company. I
TII^, I f; Va « A<l ? AXD THK LATE X OX. By Geor B »
Tls-lale Bromley. 12nx>. pp. xiii. 280. ( San Francisco:
A. M. Robertson.)
Reminiscences of an American at home and abroad.
EDUCATIONAL.
TU! ?-,, I h r ? M T.K Tl^ STT:DY OP GERMAN. By Otto
kr£er Wck , ' PP - VUi ' *£ *<***** Gott.-
FICTION.
MV^n£K2E? £ 1T \ SA i BI , N '- By » phJIll r» Oppenhein,.
MttaV^arVTnrXfr 1 " I™'1 ™' '" WhiCh E ™ VS >° mi ~ l
thb C-ELK^At. surgeon. By P. F. Montresor.
1.n,..,. pp. . (l i, U^ongmans. Green & o\> )
Story of tha exp*rhmc«a of mm mo an.l n-men
■aaocteted with an ok] hist.-.riral mansion
IN THK AREXA. Hy Booth T«rkln« „„ ~7 6
Short stories of political life.
TOT QCEBN-S KNIGHT ERRANT. By Beatrice Mar
shall Illustrated ty T. Hamilton Crawford n S W
12rmk pp. 322. (X TV Button A Co.) ' "
A romance of Queen Elizabeth's court
GHOST STORIGH OF AN* ANTIQUARY By Mon'tiue
Rhode!. Juki LIU. D. 1 Longman*, c.roen & c"> *
DRAMATIC EPISODES By Marine Benson Cto&
C-m^am ') WL (Chicago: The, DramatlG Publish i: =
LITERATURE.
TRAGIC DRAMA IN" 'JESCHTUjk SOPHOCT tt<s ivn
12mo. pp. (i „ ago (U.i, S man». ■;■■ & <£>' '
MISCELLANEOUS.
POLITICAL fARTC'ATT-RES. 19<M. By r. oar rut v... r! ,
Gould. Fr>!io. pp. I'M fl IIMIIHIM .ire-n &cT)
lasUM**" " : lfrHTl " ■■■•"* I»Mltlcal event* dwr-
THOUGHTS OF A Fnn,, Rv Kvelyn c ., a ., lftr
BS, • b!c«so 1- TV RflMßtlMl i 00..
Comments •-■n matters of present vS%/ Interest
I - vv M s \'-;!f :! .' 1 ':YI: VI »•* pp. v. m
VALENTINES. »E. P. T..,t- • & Co.)
An MMWI 111 fill of dainty ii ; ,l comic valentines.
NATURE STUDY.
A GARDENERS TEAR. By H. RMer Ha ar.l Tltu»
trated, too, pp. *». 404. (Lonirnians. Green ,< Co.)
A year 1 * experience In the cultivation of an English
"*» Illustrated with photographs and charts
POETRY.
TUB LITTLE FLOWERS OF ST. FRANCIS OF ABSISI.
R ' n ed int.. EncHak vera* by James Rh*a<l«.» Bv<\
pp. 303. in. P. Hut ton & Co.)
BOOK TREASURES OF MAECENAS. By John Paul
Bocock. i«nw pp. U. v.. Jin* Knickerbocker Fresn >
THE RUBAIYAT OF THE COMMUTER By Harry
Persons Taher. l«m.\ pp. v* (Brlarctlff \!v-r.
N. >.: John BrMges.)
POLITICAL SCIENCE.
LABOR PROBLEMS. By Thomas •"»»"' Adam* Pta T>
anu li»ien L. Sumiwr, A. B. hvo, pp. xv . 57». ,Thi
Macmlllan Company, t
A study for th« student and layman, with *u«#»
ttons for mip;>l»mrntary readlnss. »•••<
BISTORT ANN CRTnaSM OF THE LAMM THEORY
OF VALUE iv ENGLISH I-OLITIOAL. UCi'noMY
By Albert C. Whltaker. Ph. 1». Svo fr. i«l Th*
Ma<.m 11 '.a >i Comoro.) ' pp- lv> * m*
Vol. XIX in "Studies In History. Economics and
o7 b ett b li'u^». th<> fBCUIt^ f ®?^??
MUS-MAWHUBIAN DOCTniXE3 OF POPULATION.
1 Books and Publication
Hare Books and Prints in Europe*
FOREIGN BOOSSL
For (he Information of Tribune am
"ho nn»ivrr the advertisements of ti* La**
don Book Shops Id The Tribune, the ruodt ■:
utilerini; bu'iki from abroad la practlcaiiy
the tame as In this country. Inclose f.>re!ja
. money ortlcr or exchauce Instead of "hack.
Hook* may he ordered by mail and Hi
liaty paid to the Post Office Depart ru«ai a
delivery. Catalocues will bo sent tx— a
rrqneat.
S^KirA f CHOICE ENORAVWOS
CJDIM, ! (Mezzotints. Cobs:
.Frank T.) I Print*. American t,tiV
FINE AND RARE
118, Shaltesbary I BOOKS, VALUABLE
Avenue. Londta. W. AUTOGRAPHS. Aft
r> S _l . ___£ — .rv.l Often la Kara Aa«i««1 *m
Pickering Modem £azUsh «="=
■ a^*^^* IlJ^ History. Poetry. Dranu. u4
&CX^ **4-4-r^ SKcUon. Flat. Old Ea«»*
L, nSITO. l and ForeJio Coo i blaiia*»
«6. HAYMAKKET. I Sporting and other mm
LONDON. ENGLAND. J with colored plate*.
By Charles Ew.ll SiargelaaiJ. Ph. D. Sva, ■> •*
me MacmUlan Company.)
V '. XXI In the series noted abovs. A »«iy U C
history of economic theory.
RELIGION.
FT PETER AND HI.: TRAINING. By :.'•.• Krr. *Jf>
CavMson. M. A. lCmo. r?. vlit. 12l>. iPhll*itsW ;
J. B. UpplncotC Company. >
In tho "Temple Series of Bib!* Charartars •*
Scripture Handbooks."
MT APPEAL TO AMERICA. Wtth notes sad •W""*J
and an introduction by Lym3n Abbott. D. D. LI» V
By Charles Wagner. 12mo. pp. 61. (McClur*, rm
lips & Co.)
Pastor Wajncrs first address to ac Amtrtcaa ■*"
er.. *.
REPRINTS.
THE rimiSl IN HUMAN LIFE. By P-»»!""# -*
Prothero. Bvo. pr. iU ***■ tE. V». —s. Cxx)
THE trOU^iTBIAN AND VENEZUEL.\N P-SFCBLIg-
B>" William L. Scru^ss. Illustrated. 13m* ?•» «*•
380. (Boatoa: Little, rrown & Cc>
A chapter on the Panama Canal has Hi ad**
lllustrfteil with photographs and rr.aps.
THE TWENTIETH CEXTCKT NEW TESTAMSS^
R?vl!«e.1 edition. lUmo. pp. xxxl. f23- ■SSJ "•
F.evell « - ciisv>any.)
A translation into modem Er.g'.lah rrctn th» ortji3*»
Greok.
SCIENCE.
ASTRONOMICAL DISCOVERY. Br Herbwt Ball *£
n-»r. r».. Sc.. X". *?. S. lUustrate-1. Svo,, pp. A *-*
ily^nsman . Gre»n Ji. Cttt)
SOCIOLOGY.
SEVEN TEARS' HARD. By Rlcharf Fr«* tSa * •*
xv. SfiS. iE. P. Duttcn & Co.)
A revrvd of the « xvertences cf a pretcht: la ••
h?art^of tho London slums. ««wl
TJIE COLOR LINE. By V/HMam B-r«E-"nln Smlti. 129*
pp. sv. 2«J. iMcClure. FhiUlps * Co.)
A study of th.» newo problem In Its social, poo®* l
«nd t-»)rr:r.i.-rc!.ll asv«cts.
TRAVEL AND TOPOGRAPHY.
s.
NO LIBRARY
can expand beyond thr sphere
of the Giobc-Wcrnickc " t!J **
tic" Bookcases.
• 350*332 Broadway •

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