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V' : lA'IY N° 21,170. ►VEST. SCHOOL BORNEO BAIBBREADTH ESCAPES. $t plosion Docs Mvch Damage — The Building a Landmark. p. re yesterday drstroyed the old Grove-st. *. j or many years a landmark of the 9th *• d' ]t t"" oke out **-. little . more than, half after the children had been dismissed ta o'clock. ' Most of the teachers had gone £t rut several teachers and some pupils "'hsd «>een kept after school were in the *Tfce p. nocl carries I.SOO boys and girls on he rolls, and, had the fire started an hour be > It dl' 3d I ' 3 ■tart, the loss of life might have vL appalling, tar most of the exits were cut the flames, and the fire spread with great £?Al*3 o'eioefc there was an explosion which ' l^j the lows of nearby houses and p.t ever* thing in the burning building, but the B-ntrt of the walls crashing to the base r^ -. \ Tner e were many hairbreadth escapes ff.CTlt ■joortefi, but r.o lives were lost. All through ihe ire an American flag flew from the high •ia£«&lf ° n tf ' building, cheered by the crowds *t intervals, wi-. n the smoke and flames drifted to one side and it flew out on the breeze. Tbere are many contradictory reports as to the numbrr of persons in the building when the Cre broke out, but there were probably not more -Jjan twenty-five in all. most of them children. fTben the, principal, Henry E. Jenkins, left the bu:ldine at 3:30 o'clock there was no sign of £re. A lew minutes later Charles Hammer, the ganitor. discovered a lively blaze in the girls' cloak room on the first floor. On the third noor one of Hammer's assistants, J Jjdward Jones, was at work. Charles Hutchin axui, another assistant, and Mary Leach, the jnatron, were en the second floor. Scattered through the building were several teachers and from fifteen t«> twenty pupils. As soon as Ham mer sew the blaze he rushed through the build- Ing shouting a warning and ordering every one out through the annex, a smaller brick building fronting in Bedford-sL It is connected with ihe main building by passages protected by corrugate! Fheet iron. By the time Hammer reached the street floor again th-? two lower floors and main stairway were ablaze. On his Vajr downftalrs he tried to ring an alarm from the box in the V.uilding, but it was out of or der. He yelled to a passing fireman, who gave «n alarm from th.? box on the street corner. There are many accounts as to how those in the building escaped. Frank Brecker. employed •t No. 498 Hudson-st., says he saw five teachers with two Fmall girls and a boy come out of the main exit In Hudson-st. Hutchinson, the jan itor's assistant, found eight or ten children in a iass-room on the second floor, and piloted them through the smoke filled carridors into the an nex. The doors were locked, so he smashed a window on the first floor and passed the chil dren out through the hole. Three women teachers went out through the same window. Jones and a man teacher got out through the jnain stairway leading to Hudson-st. Three alarms . were \ sent in. The firemen *pree<i that the Maze the quickest to spread tfc'j- had ever seenTiira brick building . A strong north-westerly wind fanned the flames. The annex was paved with great difficulty. Families from eral nearby houses were turned out." '•",'-.- The explosion was from one of the two boilers In the basement. At fi o'clock the fire was xifider eonirriL Chief Croker estimated the dam *S* at *50.0<i0 or more. One fireman said afterward: All the fire drills in the world could not have pevented a terrible loss of life the way that building burned. This city is lucky, for this affair was just as fortunato as when the Casino burned just before the audience was due. Mr. Jenkins, the principal, said: The original Grove-st. school, which was one of the beat known in New- York, was erected in Jfcll on this same site, and this building was l-ut up in its stead in ISOO. it was substantial!- lniilt. The building was equipped with ever, possible safeguard against fire. We had an ef •icient fire drill, fir extinguishers, alarm boxes, two iron ne escapes and eight stairways, all substantially constructed. * I r*l!*ve we could have emptied that building rtthin two minutes after the discovery of the Ore. We do not wait for very alarming symp toms ucfore sounding the fire drill. . A slight oaor of smoke, the mere hint of a fire, or even ■- lire in a nearly building, leads to the sound *s* of the fire gongs and the marching of the children to the streets. He estimated the loss at more than $80,000. Among those who were graduated from the FcLool is Admiral Melville. When Lafayette visited this country in 1524 a reception was given in. the school building. TO OPERATE ON HARPER. Hit Son and Brother Returning from Abroad To Be Present. Chicago. Feb. 14.— Dr. William R. Harper, president of the University of Chicago, will un dergo another operation within a week. His case has been studied by Drs. Senn, Bevan, Hek toen a n( } Ll . Count, and it has been decided that 1' is Meeasary for Dr. Harper to arrange his affairs with a view to an absence from his post for some time. His son Samuel, who has been In iioseo* all winter, and his brother Robert, "< v h<; has }>een at Constantinople, are on their •»» home, and they are expected to reach Chi cago before the operation on the doctor is per formen / **r- Fr^r.k Billings, Dr. Harper's physician, «*id to-day: President Harper has been in ill health since «c middle of ptember. This Illness has ap rirentjy no relation to the operation performed '**t March. His health was good following the upf ration until the middle of September. Since tru; tune be has continually suffered pain in 2* r*Sion of the head of the largf- intestine. i/H 8 as l)€ *n associated at times with other t-racuhies. but there has been no disturbance of w^Cigestlr« ■ i rat us. There has been con werahte tenderness at all times In the region **.V he ' head of the colon, and there is apparently & thickening of the intestine. The exact nature J* the difficulty has not been definitely decided. S"| fl/: f " rs tl- illness more fierlbus than if the S'uity were plainer. Ii has bee;i decided to perform another operation at an early day, I-robably about February 18. SUICIDE SOUGHT MYSTERY. : Hichly Dressed Guest of Boston Hotel Tried to Hide His Identity. 181 Tni.EORAPH TO THE TKIB'NE.I Boston, Feb. 14.— A mi»n who registered last night «*t the Hotel Touralne killed himself with mor- J'hine and laudanam. after he had obliterated p'^ry mark on his elothln* which rouM lead to Wcntincatlon. The names of hi* clothes maker, . ~tt shoc-nsaker and his hat maker were cut out, as ***<v«n the laundry mark 'in hip linen. Ills cloth y^Mhioushnut was of. the finest material. He was 7***' lhl."ty-ftv« yf-sr* oM. fly« feet ten inches £ ' i5 F 'Jp*'it and had the rauseuiar development of .•.*' Jucte. . Th«» only clews t«v his identity are a . ,:^L* l « | ciomtij left- eye tooth and a smull.Bcar on " "it U-k i>r;,)w the knee. H« . . vrt-i! unUvr • '• "CiltJous nume ot S. B. - New, or Chicago. .< _ ■ To-day, snow, with ; ri-inc temprralnr^ . ro-mf>m)Tr, fair; fr*»h to hriak «niitbir<H<t wind*. SCENES IN AND IN FRONT OF LITTLE HUNGARY, WHERE THE PRESIDENT WAS THE HUNGARIAN RE PUBLICAN CLUB'S GUEST. A PART OF THE CROWD DRIVEN BACK BY THE POLICE. ASK HYDE'S RETIREMENT. PETITION OF OFFICERS. If He Is Re-elected Vice-President of Equitable All May Resign. The board of directors of the Equitable Life Assurance Society at their meeting to-morrow for the election of officers will probably take ac tion upon a remarkable petition, given below, which is signed by most of the executive offi cers and other officials charged with the admin istration of the society's affairs, asking that James H. Hyde be not re-elected vice-president. In another petition the officers ask that the elec tion of the board of directors be transferred from the stockholders (Mr. Hyde, it is under stood, owns 51 per cent of the stock) to the policy holders, each holder of a policy for $5,000 or over to have one vote. It is understood that a third petition has been signed by substantial ly the same officers as those whose signatures are appended to the two papers referred to, in whicn' docunie-.t they express their purpose', to sever their 'connection with the Equitable in case Mr. Hyd*."shali be re-elected vice-president. The two petitions are as follows: To the Board of Directors of the Equitable Life Assurance Society of the United States: The undersigned officers of the Equitable Life As surance Society deem it their duty to acquaint the board of directors with their vi=ws and opinion re garding- the future management of the affairs of the society, the conservation of its business, and the due administration and protection of the trust funds in Its charge. When the society was organized, in 1859. the char ter expressly provided that its insurance business should be conducted upon the mutual plan, that its capital stock should be $100,000, divided into 1,000 shares of the par value of $100 each, that the divi dends on such stock should be limited to 7 per cent per annum and that all net earnings and receipts above the dividends should be accumu lated. The charter also provided that the cor porate powers of the society should be vested in the board of directors, and that such board should consist ct fifty-two persons, each of whom was to be the proprietor of at least five shares of the cap ital stock. The charter further pruvided as fol lows: "In the election of directors, every stockholder ill the company shall be entitled to ont; vote for every share of stock held by him. and such vote may be given ir. person or by proxy. At any time hereafter, the board of directors, after giving notice at the two previous stated -mc-etings, may, by a voto of three-fourths of .-ill tho directors, pro vidb thai each life policy holder, who shall be in sured in not less than 13,000, shall be entitled to one vote at the annual election of directors, but such vote shall be given personally and not by proxy.' The power thus expressly granted to the board of directors to confer upon their policy holders a voice in the selection of directors has never been exercised by the ird. and the selection of the di rector*, with the consequent control and manage ment of the business and funds of the society, has continued until the present time to be solely In the hands of the holders of its stock. The number of the policy holders and bene ficiaries now exceeds five hundred thousand, and the accumulations held by the society for their bereflt and the protection of their families now amount to over $410,000,000. The investment and conservation of this vast fund are obviously a trust of the highest character. The laws and policy of every State of the Union and oT every foreign country in which we do business require and enjoin the utmost conservatism in the man agement of such an institution. From our practical experience in the conduct of the society's business, we have become convinced that its continued welfare und progress and the due administration and protection of the trust funds in Its' charge render a change necessary, and that it is incompatible with present public opinion, as well as with the interest of the society and its beneficiaries, that the policy holders, as the-real parties in Interest, should continue to be without any voice in the administration of these funds, but that the entire power of selecting direc tors should be vested in and exercised solely by the holder for the time being of the majority of the society's nominal capita' stock. Under the circumstance?, we have consulted coun sel as to our duty as officers of the society and as to your powers as directcrs. and we are advised by them, as will appear from a. copy of their opinion, which ■»'<» submit herewith, as follows: First— That it Is our duty to acquaint the board of directors with our views and judgment and to urea the recommendations which we now submit. Second— under the charter, there is full power vested in the board of directors to confer votlnjr power upon the class of policy holders men tioned above. We therefore earnestly recommend that the board of directors take the necessary action so as to pro vide that each jiolicy holder, insured in not less than $5,000. shall be entitled to one vote at the an nual election of directors, and that the necessary legal steps be taken to secure power to further orovlde for the extension of this voting right to all classes of beneficiaries - All of which Is respectfully submitted. New- York, x-'eb. 2. 1905. JAMES W. ALEXANDER, President. GAGE F. TAHBELL. Second Vlce-Presldent. fiFORGK T WILSON. Third Vice-President. WILLIAM ALEXANDER. Secretary. JOEL G. VAN CISE Actuary. ' THOMAS D. JORDAN. Comptroller. R G H ANN. Associate Actuary. m' MURRAY, JACKSON. Auditor. FRANCIS W. JACKSON. Auditor. A W MAINE. Associate Auditor. Hi' ' COITRBEN. Assistant Auditor. ■ ■ W'C BOIAANO. Superintendent of Agencies. If H KNOWLES. Supervisor of Agencies. W X TAYLOR. Supervisor of Agencies. Apvßy L ROSENKELD. Supervisor of Agencies. ROBERT J. MIX. Supervisor of Agencies. u-ATTFR E JOHNSON. Inspector of Agencies. W. KLSON EDELSTEN. Superintendent Agency B GFRALD R. BROWN. Superintendent Bond and ■Mortgage Department. S 8 M'CURDY. Assistant Registrar. virill E. JOHNSON, Mortuary Registrar. THEODORE C CASKIN. Commissioner. RAMUEL FROST, Recorder. EDW. H. KING, Superintendent Department of M G di< F! RROPHV. Superintendent Loan Depart ment. ■/';.. t .intinur.l on second paK<-. WHY NOT SEE WASHINGTON Wfhff i« p!ea*ant there? Pennsyl lary ZL %12.00 or $14 aO a Details I E PA.. No. -Jii iUi-ix^-., Ncw-Vork.-Advi. NEW-YORK. WEDNESDAY. FEBRUARY 15. 1905. -FOURTEEN PAGES-^JS^^u,. EAST SIDE CHEERS PRESIDENT. THOUSANDS IN STREETS, AT WINDOWS AND ON FIRE ESCAPES MAKE WELKIN RING. Hundreds Greet Him at Little Hungary — Jerome Says Congress Will Be with Him If He Keeps Up Fight. The President attended the dinner given for him by the Hungarian Republican Club in the Little Hungary restaurant. A slight flurry was caused when the artist who de signed the menus tried to approach the President. He was seized by two Secret Service men and hustled away. The President's ride through East Side streets on his way to the restaurant was in the nature of a triumphal progress, thousands lining the streets and being at windows and on fire escapes. They cheered . the President . lustily arid waved 'flags. . : The police took every precaution to guard the President, clearing the street for blocks^around , the , restaurant, and , allowing •■•■ ■ one thjongh-^he ' lines- ,-Th^-t^'er.-.drorej; people from nre escapc2r ; '.iuid- made them close the windows of :"' their homes,' but were powerless when . the President's carriage drew near to enforce these measures. Colonel Roosevelt received callers at the home of his sister, Mrs. Douglas Robinson, yesterday morning. In the afternoon he was the guest of honor at a luncheon at the University Club. \ The President left Jersey City, bound for Washington, in a special car at mid night. POLICE GUARD STRICT. Men Stationed on Fire Escapes — Closed Zone Established. "Little Hungary," in the district east of the Bowery, srave a tremendously enthusiastic wel come to President Roosevelt last night, in spito of the frosty weather and the efforts of several hundred policemen to dampen the ardor of the tenement house dwellers in that part of the city. Thousands of the men, women and children of the lower East Side, many of them scantily clad for such exposure, stood for hours in the bitter cold, crowding together against the police lines, to see the President's carriage pass and Join in the shouts that greeted his arrival in the dis trict. Extraordinary precautions had been taken by the police to prevent any harm to the President on his visit to "Little Hungary" for the first time since the night when he, as Governor, dined there. It was the first time a President of the United States had visited that part of the city, and, although there was reason to be lieve that no one of the many anarchists living in the district wished Injury to th* President, the police did not want to take any chances. At 6 o'clock the police began to clear the block In Houston-st. between Avenue A and Avenue B. The big restaurant on the south side and in the middle of the blcrck. whore the dinner to the President was to be given, already flashed forth in electric flame "Welcome to Our Presi dent," and similar glowing signs appeared on the fronts of buildings en thi north side of the street, while flags and bunting were displayed liberally by the various shops. Thousands of people were in the block then, gazing at the decorations and signs. A troop of mounted police rode slowly Into the crowd, and, working east and west, gradu ally moved the sightseers into tHe side streets, where strong poltce lines were established to keep them back. The crowd was in the best of humor, and no disorder or resistance occurred. The patient people allowed themselves to be herded back, and in a remarkably short time the street before the restaurant and for two blocks in either direction, as well as for half a block down the side streets, was absolutely cleared. Every entrance to a house or store within the police lines was guarded by an officer, while on the housetops opposite the cafe stood policemen to keep these vantage points clear of any evil disposed person. The men took up their stations with the certainty of well arranged plans, and whenever some belated homecomer whose house was within the~guarded zone appeared he was accompanied to his door by a patrolman and told to remain indoors. Driven off the street, the tenants of houses in the cleared block crowded the fire escapes and leaned out of front windows. In a short time the people anxious to see the President's arrival were posted in this way by the hundred. In spector Schmittberger saw that this would not do. as it would have been possible for a crank from any one of a hundred points to have fired a pistol or thrown a bomb. He said he had ( ..mini"-.! "M » I (.■!•■ SARASOTA AND WEST COAST RESORTS, Florid*. Fine fi>hlng and shooting. Reasonable hotels. For i -.' titulars get Seaboard Resort hook at any P. R. R. Office or SeaUoaril H'way. — Aiivt DECORATIONS OF THE TABLE AT WHICH THE PRESIDENT SAT. PRESIDENT ON SUCCESS Great Prizes Results of Accidents — The Little Hungary Dinner. To keep a promise made half in jest many years ago President Roosevelt attended a din ner given for him by the Hungarian Republican Club at the Little Hungary restaurant in East Houston-st. last night. As the result President Roosevelt is to-day the most popular man on the East Side. After President Roosevelt had gone, District Attorney Jerome was introduced. He plunged at once into an eulogy of President Roosevelt. He said the President has "no friends in Wash ington. " Then he went on to allude to the Sen ate's action on the arbitration treaty. "President Roosevelt will have a Congress that will be with him next time," said Mr. Jerome. "They are not with him now, but they will be. The next Congress will be united and will overrule the Senate." This was received with tumultuous cheers. "The present Senate is not elected by the peo ple, but a Congress that will support the Presi dent will be next time, and the people will have their say," went on Mr. Jerome. "They are all politicians down there. Roosevelt is having a big test in his life, and the man that stands steadfast and true under duress shows himself. If he keeps up the fight Congress will be with him and the Senate will get Its just dues. "Roosevelt is even more loved than Lincoln and Grant. JThe country was disunited when Lincoln was in office. But the whole country is united now, and Roosevelt is even loved by more people than Lincoln was. He may not be as great as were Lincoln and Grant, but he is perhaps more loved than either." An incident which tended to create a mo mentary flurry occurred at the dinner, when Benjamin Taussig, the artist who designed tha menu cards, tried to get near the President. Two Secret Service men seized him and hustled him out despite the protests of his confreres, who tried to reassure the detectives. Mr. Taussig was so offended that he refused to stay at the dinner. In a closed carriage, and accompanied by Mar cus Braun, the president of the club, his private secretary, Mr. Loeb, and Police Commissioner McAdoo. President Roosevelt reached the club at T.'Hl p. m., a breath of cheering, swelling to a hurricane, announcing his approach. Preceded Into the caffi by Sergeant Cruise, the President and his party disappeared upstairs for a few minutes, to reappear in the reception room, where one by one the guests filed past him, each receiving a hearty handclasp and a few words of cheery greeting. The dinner began at 8 p. m. Little Hungary had been transformed. Banks of laurel, punc tuated with miniature suits of shining armor, ohscured the walls and partly hid the ceiling. Round red paper lanterns softened the glow of myriad electric lights. : ly five hundred guests sat down to the dinner, the President occupying the place of < onttniird oa inond page. THE TIME TO GO TO WASHINGTON R.iilroad tour leaving New York ' Tuesday, February 21 Round trip rrue and all necessary expenses for three days. $12 and IMM JAMES C. CAPJER DEAD. Well Known Lawyer Expires After a Brief Illness. James Coolidge Carter, one of the most prom inent members of the New-York Bar, and for merly president of its Bar Association, died yesterday, after a brief illness, at his new home in this city. No. 7 East 88th-st. Mr. Carter was born in Lancaster. Mass., in 1827. and after being graduated from Harvard began the prac tice of law here. He was senior member of the law firm of Carter, Ledyard & Milburn. Mr. Carter was unmarried. Mr. Carter was the son of Solomon and Eliza beth (White) Carter, and was the youngest of eight children. He was fitted for college at the Derby Academy, Hlngham, Mass.. and entered Harvard, from which he was graduated in 1850. In Harvard he stood high in his studies and was popular. He won two prizes for essays and one for a Latin dissertation. He became a member of the Institute of 1770. the Phi. Beta Kappa. the . Allina 'pßlts^ Fhi \ ancTjise/ Ha sty . Prddln*. He completed his .--riiili at Harvard by three terms' in. the Law School, receiving" the regular degree of LL.B. In ISSS the university made him an LL. D. - After leaving Harvard Mr. Carter entered the law office of William Kent, the son of Chan cellor Kent, in this city. He rose in his profes sion with great rapidity. Among those who studied in his office was Joseph H. Choate. who was with him for only a short time. Mr. Car ter was a close friend of Governor Tilde.n, and •was associated with Charles O'Conor in im portant litigations. He had been at the head of several law firms. He was one of the counsel representing the American side of the contro versy over the seal fisheries before the Behring Sea Commission. His argument on that occa sion was one of the strongest presented, and showed exhaustive study and much learning. In 1875 Mr. Carter was appointed by Gov ernor Tilden a member of the commission or ganized to devise a form of municipal admin istration for the cities of this State. Governor Kill appointed him a member of the Constitu tional Commission of 1888. Mr. Carter had op posed tho movement to codify the common law of this State, particularly in a monograph pub lished in 1883. entitled "The Codification of Our Common Law." With Edward J. -Phelps and Judge Henry W. Blodgett, Mr. Carter wag appointed by Presi dent Harrison in 1892 as counsel for the United States before the Behring Sea tribunal, which met in Paris in February, 1803, and adjudl «-. ■ JAMES C. CARTKK, The well known lawyer, who died yesterday. cated the : dispute between tKis country and Great Britain. ,•■•? £ Two years later he was prominently men tioned as a possible Justice of the United States Supreme Court. For years he had been at the head of his profession, representing to a great degree those lawyers who were not only busi ness men. but scholars. Mr. • Carter enjoyed a wide reputation as an after dinner speaker, his keen logic and ready wit making him much sought after. . In speak ing of a graver sort he had an equal reputa tion. An address delivered before the State Bar Association of Virginia in ISS9. on" "The Prov inces of the Written and Unwritten Law." and another. "The Ideal and Actual in Law," before the American Bar Association In 1890. attracted ■wide attention. . • -o Mr. Carter was originally a Republican. Later he classed himself as an independent, hut he was more or less affiliated with tho Demo cratic pßrty Mr. Carter had been president of the National Municipal League. He was a member of the Harvard. Union League and University clubs, the Century and Downtown associations, the American Museum of Natural History, the Na tional Academy of Design and the New-England Society. He was a member of the Committee of Fif teen, appointed by the Chamber of Commerce in November. 1900. to investigate vice. FLORIDA, CUBA. NASSAU, SUMMERVILLE, AUGUSTA ' & AIKEN. Soutbern'6 Palm. Limited Lv. Wee) York ISS3 p. m. Two other fast trains. X. v Offices, 371 and 1,1x5 PRICE THREE CENTS. SENATE AND ARBITRATION DEFEXCE OF ITS JCTIOX. 3/r. Lodge Cites Precedents — 2Vo Clash icith the President. [TROM THK TRIBUNE 3VREAU.I "Washington, Feb. 14. — Each of the seven countries signatory to the arbitration treaties amended and ratified by the Senate last Satur day would, under its own laws, be compelled to submit any "special agreement" or treaty con cluded under the provisions of those treaties to its legislative body for ratification, before a particular arbitration could be carried to. the Hague tribunal. This is according to a state ment filed in an executive session of the upper chamber to-day by Senator Lodge, which will be "printed for the Information of the Senate." The senior Senator from Massachusetts has decided not to present to the Senate a brief set tin? forth the reasons which actuated that body in amending the arbitration treaties, but in stead introduced to-day the data compiled or,, - nally as the basis for such a statement, and] which contains information of much signifl* cance. By his compilation Mr. Lodge shows that forty-four general and particular arbitration treaties, or arbitration articles In treaties con-^ taining other provisions, have been submitted t > : the Senate. Of these all except one. the Olney- Pauncefote treaty, were ratified. Of the entire forty-three ratified only six were amended In any particular. Of the fifty arbitral proceedings to which tho United States has be'en party all except seven. have been In. pursuance to treaties approved by the Senate. The seven exceptions were In the cases of private claims with Braxil. Colombia. Spain. Mexico (the Pious Fund case). Santo Do mingo (the Santo Domingo Improvement Com pany claim) and two private claims against Hayti. Mr. Lodge's statement also contains excerpts from the laws of Great Britain. France, Spain, I Portugal. Italy. Austria-Hungary. Denmark. j Sweden and Norw-y. Germany. Switzerland and other European countries, showing- that in prac tically every instance any treaty or agreement coming: within the provisions of the arbitration treaties Just ratified would become valid only after it had been approved by at least one. In many instances both, of the legislative bodies of the respective countries. The only apparent exception to this rule Is the case of Great Brit ain, where the King and his Ministry are em powered to negotiate and ratify treaties, and in this case it is pointed out that the Ministry is, to all intents and purposes, a committee ot Parliament, closely approximating the Commit tee on Foreign Relations of the United States • Senate. In the case of Switzerland, tbe Executive has no power to negotiate treaties or other agree ments with a foreign nation, the conduct of all relations with other powers being confined to the legislative body. A prominent member of the Committee oa Foreign Relations said this evening: ; Senator Lodge's careful compilation clearly demonstrates that the power sought by the State Department through the treaties just rati 0« l would, wereitgnxmed.-S"! in- excess' of that possessed by any naVJon with . which such- a tre.wy was negotiated. It is difficult to under stand, therefore, how the Senate's amendment of the treaties can properly be designated as a "step backward." Moreover, the fact tr.at the Senate hes ratified forty-three out of the forty four arbitration treaties submitted to it demon strates how unwarranted is tbe Implication that the Senate Is not in sympathy with the prin ciple of arbitration, while the fact that out of the forty-three arbitration treaties ratified only six were amended effectually disposes of the allegation that the Senate is inclined to be cap tious in such matters. Instead of being opposed to the. principle of arbitration, the Senate, as a whole, heartily ap proves It. Instead of being captious, the Senate is disposed to be liberal In Its treatment of the subject. But when the Senate Is convinced that It cannot approve a. given treaty in the form submitted without violating the pledge of It 3 members to support the. Constltualoa of the United States, it 'i 3 not only in duty bound to remove such an obstacle to ratification, but It in no way deserves criticism for Its action; nor should any intimation that it is guided by petty jealousy of its own prerogatives find credence, much less utterance. In high places. There are. however, no strained relations be tween the Executive and members of the Sen ate. All concerned have acted from conviction and the highest motives, and all concerned are broad enough to respect «>pe another's opinions even though they differ. When asked If he believed that the arbitration treaties would remain in the State Department library for all time, the Senator said: I think it is entirely probable, however, . that eventually some other form of treaty which will accomplish all that It was desired to effect by those Just ratified will be devised along lines which will satisfy the Executive and which can be ratified by the Senate without amendment. In the mean time the provisions of the Hague Convention will probably prove sufficient to in sure the submission to that tribunal of any differences which may arise and which cannot be settled by purely diplomatic methods. It was learned to-day that Senator Spooner had decided to make no statement regarding: the attitude of the Senate, for the present at I least, probably not at all. It is declared that If the arbitration treaty with Japan, signed last Saturday and understood to employ the same> language as the treaties previously submitted. \ is sent to the Senate, it will be amended by the change of the word "agreement" to "treaty." as was the case with the seven conventions ap- i proved on Saturday. "With such amendment the; treaty will be ratified. BACKS PRESIDENT. Ha^uL Treaty Believed to Fortify His Position Toxcard Senate. ■Washington. Feb. 14.— Is pointed out.tn admin istration circles. in further evidence of the state ment that the Presdent has sought to e.stablUh no precedent in treaty making, that under th» Hague treaty, to which the Senate gave its appro val, the Executive has power to make. special ar rangements for arbitrations. Article XXXI of the Hague treaty, touching this point, reads: The powers who have recourse to arbitration siKn a special act ("compromts"). in which th* subject of the difference is clearly denned, as well as the extent of the arbitrator's powers. The French word "comproinls" used in tha Hague convention is said by departmental experts to b« equivalent, not to the English word "compro mise." but rather to the term *'a«re*ment." and the executive branch of the government has pro ceeded heretofore and without objection upon thl3 understanding. • Other conventions simitar in terms and scope to the arbitration treaties just acted on by the S<?ruu* have been in proems of negotiation hert» between the State Department and some of the tor«ign ministers, but these negotiations have now been completely suspended, and the Japanese treaty. signed on Saturday moraine, will ne the last of the list. Secretary Hay has not yet communicated to t?i« representatives of the powers here with whom ho had negotiated arbitration treaties the action e( the Senatn on Saturday in amending those conven- : tiens. and it is probable that he will not do so. permitting them to take notice for themselves or what has occurred. This they nave done. Th.? conventions are now In the custody of Mr. Allen. the librarian of the State Department, and unl*s* he receives other orders from Secretary flay they will remain in the tile* of tbe deportmf nU and will - not receive further diplomatic- treatment.. m— QUICKEST LINE TO CLEVELAND. ly>ave New York 5:32 p. m.. arrive Cleveland 7:U next morninsr, Cincinnati I£)P. m-. Indianapolis. IKX) p. m.. St. l^>uls 9:to p. m.. by,N>«.' York CentrsX Vuio Service. No excess fare.— A<svu . .