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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 02, 1905, Image 6

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CONGRESS.— Both Senate and House held
day and night session*, devoted to passage ...
appropriation bills and action on conference
reports; among the bills passed wore the. Post
office Pension, River and Harbor. Philippine
Tariff, Pensions and Gentral Deficiency.
FOREIGN.— Dispatches from St. Petersburg
lake a gloomy view of the operations on the
Bhakbe. and there is a reneral impression among
Bußsian officers that Kuropatkin will be forced
to retreat: Lone Tree Hill, it is believed, cannot
be held against the siege pin* 1 fire; a strict
censorship is in force. = The Emperor, ac
cording to a dispatch from St. Petersburg, has
definitely decided against a z<msky sober or a
constitutional form of government; he is said
to be considering a plan for the establishment of
a national assembly which possesses no power.
, ■- Workmen who Were selected to choose
delegates to serve on the commission recently
authorized by the Russian Emperor met in St.
Petersburg and passed! a resolution demanding
concessions from the government before taking:
further action. ===== General Btoessel arrived at
Ft. Petersburg and received a cold welcome.
DOMESTIC — Secretary Hay, in a letter to
the Hrytiin Minister In Washington, repeated
the assurance that the United States has no in
tention of snnexing Santo Domingo, and would
riot accept it as a gift. ..' - Crowds of visitors
from all parts of the country continued to ar
rive In Washington to attend the Inauguration
Of President Roosevelt. == Mrs. Jane Lathrop
Stanford, wUow of Leland Stanford, died sud
denly in Honolulu, declaring with almost her
last breath that she had been poisoned; persis
tent rumor? of an attempt to poison Mrs. Stan
ford at her home in January have been in cir
culation. = A dispatch received In Denver
told of th 3 death of ex-Senator K. O. Wolcott
In Italy. :■"* : .'■ Five Republicans on the guber
natorial investigating committee in Colorado
would not vote in favor of seating either candi
date. — Governor Higgms had conferences
with the Senators who .vere delaying gas legis
latior. and told them that some bill relieving
New- York City chouid be passed. == Several
Republican Senators revolted y gainst the ma
jority leader Sit Albany and fought the appro
priation for tha Metropolitan Superintendent of
Elections. — -— At the request of Assemblyman
Ellis, its author, the bill preventing elevated
railroads in The Bronx : arks was killed. .
CITY. — Active buying of stocks developed and
prices advanced sharply. ■■ Brooklyn resi
dents announced that they would consider ask
tic for a mandamus to stop the hold-up by the
aldermen of the New-York connecting railway
franchise. — — The will of B. C. Hazard cut
off his oldest son and left the estate to his sec
ond wife and her seven children. , • Six fire
men were injured by explosions In a fire in the
•works of the Valvoline Oil Company, in Queens
Borough. r=^-- it was learned that the robberies
et Fort Hamilton amounted to (20.000; arrests
«re expected soon. — — A relative of Mrs. Stan
ford, in this city, paid she was always closely
guarded: even those nearly related were not
always allowed to see her.
THE WEATHER.— lndications for to-day:
Fair. The temperature yesterday: Highest, 34
degrees; lowest. 22.
The Treasury's statement for February is dis
tinctly encouraging. The surplus for the month
is $3,102,072. Of the eight months of the cur
: rent fiscal yenr only three have shown sur
pluses — September, December and February, i
The excess for September was 15.890.683 and '
. for December $.S.9so,fior>. The gain last month
Was less actually than that of September or '
December, yet relatively It was greater, for in
no other month of the year have Treasury op
. crations shown so slight a margin of loss com
pared with those of 1000-'O4. February, 1901.
• was an exceptionally good month in a year
* xvhicb produced a net ordinary surplus of about
• $9,000,000. So far In this fiscal year the net
J deficit is $2r>,4nr>..-)r,3. Yet the surplus of Febru
ary, 1904— (3,437,096— was only $239,000 greater
than the surplus for February. 1905. After a
; •toady losing streak of feven months a better
turn seems to have come, and the Treasury
promises to pay Its way easily for the rest of
?. the year. If not to reduce substantially the
"; present 1904-"05 debit balance.
~ Receipts last month outran those for Feb
ruary, 1004. The total collections were $44,608.-
P 072, against 27.095 a year ago. The differ
ence— $1.300.000 more than anted for by
Increased receipts from customs. Internal reve
) rue and miscellaneous r- i»iptt were a trifle
less than last year, but the government's In
come from customs* jumped from 120.118.640 to
I $21,582,645. Expenditures showed practically
-• the same ratio of increase as receipts. In 1904
the total outlay for the month, was f39.8U0.000.
This year's total is f41.41< Such slight
± fluctuations from the 19f»3-'O4 level are a strik
ing exception In this year's recent; F r the first
:■■ quarter expenditures increased, while receipts
% shrank, and for July and August alone a deficit
c was piled up of 524.000.000, since then, though
expenditures have cootiaued on the same scale.
, receipts have expanded sufficiently to keep up
'■ v.iti. them, and the •■.•• deficit is to-day only si,
- 500,000 bijryer than i: wits on August 31. For
... the first eight months of 1&04AK5 the govern
ment's total income has been S3tis,&;g^!lo
~ against $3fi2.752.538;fcfr the Brat eisht'm-'ntlis
/ or 1903-*O4 Expenditures for the same period
;: have been ?::i»1.073,744, ajrafnst .<:;r,7.';74.i i in
; 1903-'O4. Expenditures between now and June
fc 80 will not greatly exceed those of last year.
:': If returns from customs continue to show a
gain. It is reai nable to predict a deficit for
-' the full year of less than (99.000,000.
!i.- .We have spent so far abut ¥35,500.000 more
~ this:, we did but year. Rut two-thirds of this
' ~f>zce« has gone directly to Improving the na
t_" tfonal defence— to providing and maintaining a
military estabUsbmect adequate to national
needs. It has cost f 10.000.000 more this year to
v " carry on the work of organizing and m-demlz
'; Ing the army and elctejidmg coast defences, and
LfIOQkOOO additional has been expended In
*.; maintaining and enlarging ih.<? navy. As an in
~ 'eurance fund this money is well invested, and
the country hns shown decisively that it is in
no temper to listen to the economists who would
begin to coon mIM by reducing the army "t • a
"point historically demonstrated to °c |<ilfe ana
"sufficient"— as die Democratic national plat
form put it— and by dismantling the navy. If
the Treasury faces a deficit this year, it is only
because $25,000,000 has been voted by Congress
from an ample cash balance and applied to
pressing national needs, if that constitutes a
blameworthy "extravagance," tl-t 1 - 1 *' ••'"i ll< -' s °»
Congress are welcome to make as much of it
as did exJttdge Parker, the Hon. Henry O.
Davis and various other Democratic statesmen
who tished last year for popular indorsement
with that disai pointing bait.
Till: DEATH OF -•"->'• STASiVRD.
It is almost Incredible that any human being
can have wished to harm Mrs. Inland Stanford.
It would, on the contrary, have seemed certain
that everybody with whom she bad ever been
associated w<uld be solicitous to shield her
from danger, threat or apprehension, Vet her
sadden death in 11. nolulu. whither she bad gone
under circumstances hitherto imperfectly an
derstood, is suggestive not merely of a tragedy,
but of a bid« crime.
The university founded In memory of t&eli
son by Senator and Mrs. Stanford, enriched by
him at his death and put not long ago by her
act into possession of virtually all her great
estate, will doubtless continue its beneficent
services in the field of education without inter
ruption or disturbance. Yet Mrs. Stanford's
death creates a void which cannot bo tilled, and
her devoted and profoundly sympathetic min
istrations in its behalf will long be missed by
tlnse responsible for the fulfilment of a sacred
trust which is without a parallel among me
morial foundations.
The aldermanic hold-up of the New-York Con
necting Railroad franchise which was brought
to public knowledge In yesterday's Tribune .s
only one more illustration of the way pubic
welfare is subordinated to private Interest, by
Tammany government For more than six
months this great Improvement of capital im
portance for the development of Long Island
has been blocked by 'the familiar tactics of al
dermen who seek to make Illegitimate use til
the authority which the charter gives them.
This delay is not due to opposition or compe
tition for'the franchise If the project is one
whose merit la doubtful, let it be debated. If
aldermen wanted more light on the subject, it
would be proper for them to ask it. But thai
has not been the attitude of fee Tammany bosses
in that body. They have not debated, they have
not reasoned, they have not even opposed. They
have simply preserved a stolid and expectant
Inactivity. What they are waiting for they do
not— at lt-ast publicly— say. Certainly it is not
Information about the plan and knowledge of
public opinion, for they have studiously re
frained for many months from taking Up in
committee or general meeting or In any way
considering the franchise application before
them. If the public, unable to see any legiti
mate purpose In this delay, attributes it to an
appetite for and insistence on some substantial
stimulant to legislative activity, the aldermen
have only themselves to blame, for their ex
traordinary care to be passively obstructive
lends itself naturally to that explanation.
The aldermen, in their anxiety to hold up this
franchise, seem to have forgotten to obey the
law. The statute directs them to net on sir
an application within four weeks, and their own
rules automatically discharge a committee from
consideration of a franchise before the meeting
when action is anally due according to law. In
Its attempt to keep this franchise in its own
power the Committee on Bridges and Tunnels
appears to have overreached itself and enabled
the whole board to* give Immediate considera
tion to the matter, but we suppose that Sulli
van so dominates the body tnat a majority
would stand for his illegal procedure. Whether
this hold-up is for the benefit of the Murphy-
Gaffney contracting company, and can be ter
minated by assurances that the Improvement
will be advantageous to the Murphy family, or
some other of the gentlemen who follow the
Croker motto of working for their own pockets
all the time arc the obstructionists, it Is evident
that a great wrong is being done to the people
of Brooklyn and Queens. This enterprise means
the end of the commercial insularity of those
boroughs, the development of a great factory
district, the Increase in the wealth and popula
tion of the whole city. No Intelligent voice has
been raised against the plan. It is approved
on all sides, and it is now blocked without ex
cuse by the mere brutal passivity of those whose
legal duty it was to have acted long ago one
way or the other.
This conduct, following the course taken in
dealing with the Pennsylvania tunnel and In other
cases, suggests the possible necessity of taking
from the aldermen altogether this power which
they so persistently abuse. Perhaps if it were
taken away and vested In the Board of Esti
mate the men who now disgrace the Board of
Aldermen would cease to find the office attrac
tive or profitable, and the serious work of legis
lation, which the aldermen now so notoriously
neglect, might be taken up by men of a higher
character, who would be then allowed to enter
the body. Experience of aldermen as a power
over franchises does not in the least tend to
free them from their traditional disrepute.
The gratifying announcement Is made that
the Colombian government is sending to the
United States a new Minister, who will reach
Washington in a few weeks, and who is a
warm friend and supporter of President Reyes.
There is no question that he will be cordially
welcomed, as the representative of a country
with which the United States has long sus
tained peculiarly Interesting relations, and also
as the friend and in a measure the personal
representative of a Colombian President whom
America long ago learned t-> esteem highly, it
Is to be regretted ~iat the kindly relations be
tween the two countries were ever for a mo
ment Unpaired, and we shall hope that the
coming of Mr. Mendoza will mark the complete
restoration of amicable sentiments upon both
So far as the United KtMes is concerned there
has been no ill will and no desire for any
thing but the progress and welfare rf Colom
bia and the maintenance of Friendship between
it and this country. For more than a year, how
ever, there has, according to common fame
been much resentment against this country on
the part of Colombia^ arising from the revolu
tion In Panama and Its results. Such feelings
have certainly been based, however, upon a
misapprehension of facts, and we are glad to
believe that Colombians are nt last oomins to
see things as they are, or ns they wore, and not
as passion or prejudice pictured them. Seldom
has any international episode been more gross
ly misrepresented than was the Panama revo
lution. We d-> not say the Colombians misrep
resented it. Neither can we greatly blame them
for accepting too credulously the malevolent
misrepre<.entatlons which were put forth In this
country for the serving of factional purposes
or the venting of spite, it was natural that the
Colombians should feel i re over the loss of
their most profitable province, and not unnatu
ral that they should listen to Insinuations that
the United .States had been responsible for their
Now. however, they are probably realizing the
truth-thfit their loss was occasioned by the
shortsighted policy of some of their own noli
ticians and that the United States was entirely
blameless in the matter. They are realizing,
also, that through the results of their loss they
are In the way to great gala* There Ib. per
haps, uot another South American State that
will pain as much as Colombia from the con
struction of the Isthmian ■ canal. If through
errors of judgment or otherwise Colombia lost
the great privilege of having that canal trav
erse her own territory, the best reparation can
be found in the cultivation of close relations
with the power through whoso land the canal
is to run and with the power which Is to build,
operate and control the canal. That such re
lations will be established and maintained the
coming of Mr. Meadow to Washington is an
auspicious promise. ;
It is to be hoped that the opposition to lib
oral postal expenditures In great cities which
manifested Itself in Congress yesterday will not
be allowed seriously to interfere with Post
master WUlcox's plans for developing the eill
eieucy of the Xew-York postofllce. It is, of
course, somewhat disappointing to Mr. Wfllcox,
after the Postotllce Department had favorably
reported on plans to give adequate facilities to
New- York and other cities, and the Senate com
mittee had. unanimously approved the plans, to
see them postponed by a close vote. Nothing was
said against the facilities asked for, and there
was no argument about the need of them. The
only trouble was what seems to us an unwar
ranted fear of future extravagance.
In this situation It Is the duty, and would
seem to be the Interest, of those who would
have, sought to carry out plans of improvement
to "support the postmaster and give him such
facilities as the present law allows. They can
certainly afford to do so, for experience shows
that the country never goes backward in such
matters. The surest way to secure in the future
the completion of the postmaster's projects is to
carry out present partial plans, whose success
may be expected to convince everybody that
rapid mail service in cities is a necessity not
only for the cities, but for The whole country.
Postmaster Willcos with great energy and in
telligence has sought to improve the service in
this city, and the business men of New-York
owe him their support In Installing just as far
as possible the Improvements provided for by
existing law nud proved to be indispensable.
The book agent Ifl often, as we all know, a be
guiling creature. Innumerable stories have for
years been told of his almost incredible pevti
nacity and aplomb. The man who met the re
fusal of bis Victim to buy a set of volumes with
an offer to sell him, for live cents, a placard
reading, "Book agents not admitted to these
offices,"' was typical In his sublime effrontery.
The result has" been that the incursions of the
"profession* have provoked almosi as much mirth
as wrath. But the settlement of the suits
brought by tho executor of the late Mrs. B!od^
ett to set aside book contracts Into which she
entered when enfeebled in body and mind by
Illness and old age reminds us that a transaction
in this field of commercial exploitation is not
by any means invariably a laughing matter. On
the contrary, it calls, in a case live that of Mrs.
Blodgett, for the most vigorous reprobation.
Here was a venerable lady, devoted in her
time to literature and art, whose condition
gravely Impaired her capacity for business.
Sensitive, however, to the cultivated Interests
which had so long given her pleasure, she was
prevailed upon to subscribe to arrangements
which, if carried out, were bound to make
astounding inroads upon her fortune. Pos
sessed of scarcely more than 1500400, she
agreed to contracts running to S'JSS.TTO for
books which, to put it mildly, were not in tho
least Indispensable to her last few years or
life. Possibly some brazen promoters might
be found who would assort that to be assured
of the ownership of an Illuminated edition of a
modern novelist, In 112 volumes of text and
eighteen volumes of illustrations, at $1,000 a
volume, would comfort a human being lying at
death's door. To ourselves the proposition
seems not simply preposterous, but disgusting.
How far Mrs. Blodgett was herself responsi
ble for the burden thus Imposed upon her re
sources Is eloquently shown by the settlement
aforesaid. '"It Is generally understood." runs
one report, "thut quite a little less than $10,000
was paid in settlement of the largest claim."
One of the five actions brought by the executor
w:is allowed by the defendant to jjo by default.
and the carrying of the whole business Into
court is said to have saved the Blods«;tt estate
at least |136,000. Obviously the ir.ertts or the
rase call for no comment. Hut it must be said
that tli is episode will have served a doubly
good purpose if it warns the public against
placing confidence ton easily In those publishing
schemes which have been flourishing so nmkiy
of late in certain twilight corners of "the trade."
Possible buyers are approached on the principle
that a commodity is worth anything that you
can get for it; they are dazzled by representa
tions as to th^ luxurious or otherwise special
character of the work, which is always offered
to them as appearing In a strictly limited edi
tion, and almost before th^y know it they are
"landed" as Signatories to contracts into which
your shrewd, experienced book lover would
never dream of entering.
When some one lika Mrs. Hlpdjrett is en
tangled—aged, ill and. as her physician testified.
Buffering from an impairment of her faculties—
recourse to the law may. as we have seen, prove
••it'ective. But the able-bodied individual who,
with his eyes open, takes a plunge Into the
vertex of speculation in books of a certain sort
and "value" has only himself to blame If h«
emerge* discomfited. The price of immunity is
intelligence, a knowledge of books as objects of
purchase, if not as literature. When the indi
vidual is confronted by a wonderful prospectus
and various resplendent sample volumes the
thing for him to do Is to sleep on the "oppor
tunity" placed before him. Then, if the work
Offered to him is a classic, let him consult repu
table booksellers as to the qualities nnd prices
of the editions in the market. Let him finally
seek advice as to the merits of the costly edi
tion that is pressed upon him. consulting more
than one of his friends. If, after doing all this,
he concludes that the gorgeous volumes are
worth, to him, what he Is asked to pay for them
there Is nothing more to be said— save that a
I'ool and his money are soon parted.
The new laws which have been passed rela
tive to the equipment and inspection of steam
vessels provide for a number of reforms, and
nt least four of them are conspicuous enough
to deserve special mention. Power to amend
the code of rules la now vested In an execu
tive committee which can be convened on short
notice. Defects la the Inspection system can
thus be remedied without waiting for another
session of Congress. The manufacture and
sale of life preservers which do not confirm
to the government standard are made criminal
offences. When the fault of a steamboat owner
results In the loss of life, a line of $10,000 is to
be added to the old penalty, which was Impris
onment for a period not exceeding ten years.
Finally, if the offender Is not an Individual, but
a corporation, its officers are liable to the same
punishment. >;""
Much disappointment has been felt over the
outcome of the proceedings again** those who.
in public estimation, were responsible for the
Slocura horror Inst summer, though because of
the Imperfections of the statutes perhaps noth
ing else could reasonably have been expected.
But that widespread feeling of regret height
ens the satisfaction with which this week's
legislation Is sure to be regarded. It dona not
look as If wholesale manslaughter culd now
be committed with an assurance of the same
Immunity us -mi formerly enjoy cO. Th*
change should certainly exercise a -wholc-pomo
restraint and stimulus.
Panama is celebratinjc Its first year of peace
and prosperity under the new republic May
Its example of restfulneaa and good order
spread! • _
Young Men's Christian Associations in this
country now number 1,815. having 2.000 em
ployed officers and a membership approximating
400,000. Their growth and progress In tho last
five year* have equalled that of the entire
previous period of their history, going close to
half a century. They form one of the most
prosperous and progressive religious associa
tions In the country or the world, with a field
of usefulness surpassed by none and broadening
yearly. .
It Is gratifying to note that as District At
torney Jerome's term In office draws near Its
close the number of criminals *ent to prison In
creases and the poolrooms In New-York grow
fewer. But it must be considered somewhat
surprising that, with the large amount of pub
lic funds u-xpendea In Texas, no one has yet been
punished in a certain case.
It cannot bo denied that tho death rate in the
second city of the world Is much higher In pro
portion to the population than In the first. The
loss of young lives seems to be excessively large
In Manhattan and Brooklyn.
The Jatcst "little rift within the lute" of the
Canadian Ministry is a reminder of circum
stances which emphasize the difficulties which
would beset the union of Canada with the
United States. Mr. Sifton retires because .he
cannot approve the government's proposal to
endow separate schools for a certain religious
sect. There is, however, little doubt that the
government's proposal will be adoi'ted. A sim
ilar plan has long been In practical operation
elsewhere In the Dominion. But such an ar
rangement would be impossible In the United
States, and there Is little reason to suppose tliat
Quebec, for example, would come Into this
L'nion without it.
While Mayor McClellan's commission to ex
amine the financial methods of the city is about
it we hope it will inquire particularly Into cer
tain dock transactions' as to which Leader Mur
phy could probably give interesting informa
In defining what a "tenement house" Is and
what it isn't, the Court of Appeals seems to have
started some new problems for the dictionary
Of course, opinions differ, but it will seem to
most people that Alderman Sullivan places too
high a value on Controller Grout when he says
the Brooklyn statesman ought to be worth
$1,000 a second as a circus acrobat. It would
t»e interesting to know Controller Grout's valu
ation of Mr. Sullivan as an alderman.
A professor of bacteriology in New-York Uni
versity declares that he can discover no cause
for alarm, after thorough examination of dust
gathered frcm the underground road. It has
not been noted since the opening of the subway
that there has been any increase of maladies
reasonably attributable to that cause.
Mayor Harrison of Chicago says the platform
adopted by the Democracy of that city in its
present mayoralty campaign is "an excellent
"one for the people who believe In the theories
"It advocates." The Mayor, as may be sur
mised from this declaration, is not a candidate
to succeed himself. We may add that Mayor
Harrison made an excellent Mayor for the peo
ple who like that kind of Mayor.
According to a decision rendered the other day
by the Supreme Court of the United States, the
various boards of health of the State of Massachu
setts have the right to enforce compulsory vaccina
tion to prevent ti>e spread of smallpox. In handing
down the decision. Justice Harlan icmarked: "It
wus the duty of tha authorities to keep In view the
welfare, comfort and safety of the many, and not
permit the interests of the many to be subordinated
to the wishes or Inconveniences of a few." That
is the broad basis, in fact, upon which representa
tive government Is based, and will apply to many
other things than compulsory vaccination.
Crass Icnorance.— An East Side klndersrartner was
about to give her class a lesson, with "The Kitten"
a--- the subject. She befjan by saying: "Our lesson
thi.s morning will be oil about tho kitten. Now.
can any little boy or trln tell me which grows on
the kitten— fur or feathers?"
A do;wl silence followed for a minute, when one
little boy said In a loud voice: "G-o-o-d Lawdl
Hain't >«v never seen a kitten?"— (Life.
A measure of native discontent Is apprehended on
account of a kind of Pan-Ethiopian notion which
baa spread among the black tribes of South Africa,
impelling them to assert their pretensions to inde
pendence and nationality. It seems to have been
originally an importation from America and to have
come in with those who, under the guise of m;s
slonaries, have taken It on themselves to preach
tho doctrine of Africa for the African races. The
propaganda has sown and Is still sowing seeds of
discontent among the native tribes, and serves to
perpetuate restless and unsettled notions among
them. If a great loader of their race were to arise
capable of overcoming tho mutual Jealousies of the
various tribes, and uniting* them in common action,
the movement toward Bthlopianism might assume,
formidable aspects, but no such tribal or national
deliverer has yet appeared. The movement so far
signifies merely a spirit of native unrest and vague
discontent, which under certain circumstances
might become dangerous, but which will probably
blow over, as similar mooils of black Inquietude
have done tn tho past ever since the white colonist
appeared among them.
Procrastination is the gentle art of not doing
things when you h'<vo a chance to Inconvenien^-e
yosrsftt by doing them.— (Council Bluffs Nonpareil
Following the example of twenty-two States which
nave adopted floral emblems, there has been a hear
ing at -.he State House In Boston, before the Com
mittee on Trobate and Chancery, with a view to
selecting a floral emblem for Ma.ssacli jsetts Peti
tions from all parts of the State were presented,
and ene. naming* the mountain laurel for the honor.
was signed by twenty-five thousand men and
women, who want it for the State emblem. The
next highest favorite, the Mayflower, received only
three thousand votes, while the rest of the votes
were '"scattering*."
The sick man had called his lawyer. "I wish to
explain again to you," said he weakly, "about
willing my' property"—
The attorney held up his hand reassuringly.
"There, there!" said he; "leave that all to me."
The sick man sighed resignedly.
"I suppose I might as well." said he. turning upon
tils pillow; "you'll get it. anyway."— (Judge.
Spain Is gradually waking up to the conscious
ness that she Is better off than she was before the
war. and that to have been cut loose from her
troublesome and unprofitable colonial possessions
was the most prosperous thing that could have
happened to her. Her domestic Industries aru re
viving; her factories -at Bllbua and Barcelona and
other points are more active than they have aver
bten before, and there ere everywhere signs of a
genuine Industrial awakening, such am Spain has
not known for many a generation. She harbors no
grudge against ue on account of the late war and
her territorial losses. On the contrary she has
crime to regard both not as a calamity, but as a
blessing In disguise. It Is gratifying that the
wounds of war have healed so readily, and that
the proud and valiant and Interesting old nation,
set In the front of such a glowing historic back
ground, has accepted her situation with so much
good sense and dignity, and Is turning her various
resources to such excellent account.
Ethel-Mamma. If a little boy Is a lad. why Isn't
a big boy a ladder? ' * *
ma— For the same reason, I suppose that
although a llttta doll Is a doll, a big doll Is not a
dollar. j
Ethel (reflectively .- T!. » so. My bis dolllvraj
twa <loll*rs.-CKAn»*« City J«orua4 QO«jWM
Abotit Teofjle and Social Incidents.
Washington. March 1.-PresWent Uoosevelt re
ceived a call this afternoon from Mr. and Mrs.
Samuel Oakford. of Brooklyn, who are In Wash
ington celebrating their golden wedding anniver
sary. Mr. Oakford. who is seventy-three years
old. served through the Civil War and la still able
to do a good day's work. The venerable couple
arrived at the President's ofllco long after tho
regular receiving hour, but an exception to the
general rule was niado for them by Major Loeffler.
the doorkeeper, and the President came out Into
the anteroom to shake their hands and thank them
for paying him a visit.
Robert B. Roosevelt, undo of the President,
was a guest at the White House luncheon this
afternoon. Secretary Metcalf. Attorney General
Moody and Captain Seth Bullock were also em
tamed at luncheon. •- t *
The school children of Newport, Ky.. have raised
110) for a loving cup to be presented to the bat
tleship bearing the name of their State. Ex-Rep
re«( ntative Berry, who Is here arranging for the
presentation of th* cup. called on the President
ami the Secretary %f th* Navy this afternoon
to discuss the details.
The famous G!ee Club of Columbus. Ohio, which
Is to be here for. the Inauguration, will give a
concert for the President and Mrs. Roosevelt at
the White House on Friday afternoon. The 110
members will gather In the East Room and glv»
the mo»t popular of their selections. H. G. Simpson
ami George B. Downs, representatives of the club,
were at the White House this afternoon to make
arrangements for the concert.
President Roosevelt to-day promised a number
of South Carolina Congressmen to name one of the
new battleships Just authorized by Congress for
the Palmetto State. -V:
•*Prn" Daniels, warden of the Arizona Peniten
tiary, who is to tee one of the President's Rough
Ridor guard, called at the White House this
morning with two haml.som* horn canes which
wero made by one of the Inmatci of his Institution.
Or.-> of these canes, he Hai;l. was for the President
nnd the other for Secretary Loeb.
Senator Platt, of Connecticut, talked with the
President about the Alaskan Delegate bill.' whlcu
he has fought for two years In Congress. Tha
lull baa passed the House twice.
Senator Foster and Representative Jones, of
Washington, called to aak the President to appoint
Thoir.as Sammona to a consular place. Sammona
Is Senator Foster's clerk, and after Saturday will
b« out of a Job with his chief, who is to be auc
ce*ded by Senator Pik3. Among the other callers
w<re the members of the Government Board of the
Louisiana Purchase Exposition, who will hold
office until the close of the fiscal year; Repre
sentative Bedo. of Minnesota, who Introduced Guy
A. K.i ton, of the Duluth Naval Battalion of the
National Guard; and Representatives Rodenberg.
Lorimer and Spauldins. who introduced friends to
the President.
Washington. March L— Trie Secretary of the
Treasury and Mrs Shaw gave a dinner to-night.
when thf-ir Ruost9 Included friends from other
cities, who are here for the Ir-.nuguratlon. Those
prwnnt were Mr. ar.d Mrs. Shonts. Mr. and Mrs.
La Verne Noyes, Mr. and Mrs. Willis Moore. Mr.
an<l Mrs. Willlnm Morse. Representative and Mrs.
Boutcll. Mrs. Spear and Mrs. St. John, of San
Francisco: Mrs. Gulick. Miss Shaw and Eugene
■Washington, March 1— The Speaker of the Housa
and Miss Cannon had as dinner guests this even
ing-. In addition to their h^use guests, Mr. and Mrs.
Le Seure and Mr. and Mrs. Loore and Mrs. Glld
<ien. Representative and Mrs. Mann. Represent
ative and Mrs. Mondell. Mr. and Mrs. Warren Fair
banks, Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Patterson. Mr. and
Mrs. Busbey, Mrs. Timmons, Representative Bates
and Mr. Kin;.
Colonel ar.cl Mrs. Charles S. Fromwell entertained
at dinner to-night In honor of the Secretary of War
and Mrs. Taft. Invited to meet them were Senator
and Mrs. Dryden, Mr. and Mrs. William Phelps
Eno. Colonel and Mrs. Symons*. Mr. and Mrs. S.nm
uel Spenc>r, Mr. and Mrs. Padelford. Mrs. Cowles.
Mr. and Mrs. George L«othrop Bradley. Mrs. Hugh
De Lacy Vincent, cf New-Orleans, house gaest of
the hostess: Goneral Crozier and Major yon Eitael,
of the German Embassy.
Mrs. falrbanka, wife of the Vice-President-elect.
was photographed to-Oay m the goya she will wear
at the Inaugural ball. The picture was taken by
a woman.
.Mr ai d Mrs. S. L. Seldon. of Kew-Tork. who are
coming to Washington for the Inauguration, will
be tha guests of the charg* d'affaires of the Co
lombian legation and Senora Triana.
Representative and Mrs. Dalzeil and the latter"s
niece. Mara B*n, of New-York, will leave hrra on
Saturday for New-OrUans to spend two weeks.
Mr and Mrs. Grnnt La Farse. Mr. and Mrs. H.
L Stlmson Miss Julia Cooper and Miss Mary P.
Morgan, of New-York, will be guest.* of Mr. and
Mrs. .fames P'nehot over tha lnnusjuration.
Mm K'ison Gallaudet ras arrived In Washington
to epend two weeks with her father. Senator
Every train now leaving for Washington bears to
the rational capital well known members of the
fashionable set who are bent on witnessing the
inauguration of the first President of the United
States since the days of Van Buren who has been
Identified with New-York society as a scion of one
of the old families of this city. Mr. and Mrs. W.
Emlcn Roosevelt. Mr. and Mrs. Beverley W. Rob-
The Boston Symphony Quartet.
The x four leading players on viols of tha Boston
Symphony Orchestra, who have been organized into
a chamber music quartet, and who bear the name
of what may be called their parent organization,
gave a concert In Mendelssohn Hall last night.
The fact that they followed so hard upon tha
heels of their predecessors— Mr. Knelsel and
his associates — would seem to Indicate that
they were not only willing to endure com
parison with . the organization which so long
shed lustre on the Boston Orchestra, but were
challenging It. Under tha circumstances compart-,
sons are not "odorous." but quite in place: and In
some respects Professor H<ss and his men—
of them successors to the men who went out of
the orchestra In order that all their time might be
given to the higher and more exacting class of
music— can stand the comparison. This does not
mean that they have reached the plane on which
ihe Knt'isels move with such delightful ease and
repesef ulness. or even . that there seems to be a
likelihood that they will for a long lime to coma,
but that In their manner they also convey a fine
degree ef pleasure and represent a lofty artist
Conceptions differ as to the proper performance
of chamber music. Some organizations keep the
limitations of the apparatus continually In view.
and al»o the Idenls of senituous beauty which pre-,
vailed amon* composers so long as chamber mualo
was an art for the enjoyment of the few. Joined
in a lovely wedlock of Intimacy which extended to
listeners as well as performers. Then the feur In
struments of the string quartet were content to
speak the chaste language native to them. Now the
string quartet is an ambitious body, which strives
to make orchestral proclamations, and to do that
end Its speech has become strained and unnatural.
There was nothing In last nights programme to
call for this strenuous m«4e of utterance, yet there
were evidences of the rudeness of tone which It has
brought Into the musical chamber In both the
Taehnlkowky Quartet In F. which opened the
ramwt, ant the thovea Quartet In C top.
S3. No. 3). which closed It. In these. works tonal
charm dteclused luolf , episodically, while In the
energetic- portions there was a singular redac
tion of that * vitreous and brittle quality which
Professor Hess exploited almost eontlnnally
and violently In his performance of the Bach Cha
conne. which formed the middle number of tho
scheme. In beauty and elegance, both or contour
of phrase and of ton*. the playing of the Boston
Symphony Quartet fall. f >r short of that of the
Knalsal Quartet, but a fine Intelligence Is mani
font In Its readings, and Its enerjy would be most
«»Imln».bU <H4 U a>>i brio* tUa a «*arlAo« el ma*
In son. Mrs. Nicholas Brawn. James It Roosevelt
General and Mrs. Edward S. Rlpley and Mr. and
Mrs. Joseph Mannln* have left already, and Mr. and
Mr*. Douglas Robinson, with their daughter. Miss
Corlnne Douglas Robinson, so to-morrow. Mr. and
Mr*. Pierre Lortllard. Captain and Mr*. Warren
C. Beach. Clifford Flnchot. Swator and Mrs.
Cnauneey M. Depew and other New- Tor k people
who hava b***es at Washington th!a winter ars
rntertalnlns large parties of friends for the in
augural festivities, and their guest* hay* arrived
already In most cases.
Among the feature* of society's programme for
to-day la th*. dramatic ent«>rta!r.-n*nt to be given
this evening at Carnegie Lyceum by the Junior
League In aid of the College Settlement. Most of
the membt-ra of the league. Inclvdlns Miss Corlnne
Douglas Robinson, Mlsa Gladys Vanderbilt. Miss
Gladys Rio and Miss Beatrice Morgan are debu
tantes of the season. Edwin Belknap'a comedietta,
The Three Miss Blrtdles." will be presented. In
which Miss Coiinne Douglas Robimon, Miss Lily
Page and MUi Frances Mac Donald will take part.
This will be fottowed by a pantomime with music.
"The Enchanted Fountain.'* in which Miss Isabella
Selmes. Miss r>orothy Snow. Miss Ruth Draper.
Chalmer Wood. Henry Curtis and ET^met Harris
will figure. Other members of the league- comprte*
Miss Stcph-tnle de Neufctile, Miss Georgette H.
Borland. Miss Caroline Hatch. M!si Dorothy Grln
netl. Miss Edith Landon. MUi Sylvia Parsons and
Miss Eleanor Whitrldse. After the performance
there will ba a supper and dance.
Mrs. Wdber A. Bloodgood prave a lunch-on r*»
rerrtay at her house. In East 34th-st. Amonsr her
gurats were Mr 3. J. Stevens L'lman. Mrs. AreMwaMl
Oracle. Mra. James P. Kfrnochan. Mrs. FT -derte
Nel)«on. Mrs. Jtiles de Neufvllle. Mrs. CnartßJ M.
Oelrichs, Mrs. E. Tiffany Dyer aad lln. J. B.
Mra. TVIMIam Rhlnelantier also had a luncheon
yesterday at her house. In West Oth-st. In th*
evening Mr. and Mrs. George R. Scnielfelin gave a
dinner party.
Mrs. Frederick Vanderbilt. Mrs. M. Orrae "Wil
son. Mrs. Charles B. Alexander. Mrs. Adrian l«>ella
and Mr«. Elhri(l-r» T. Gerry are among the patron
esses of the Polish fete which the Strollers are giv
ing this evening it their clubhouse, at which Mm©.
Sembrlch la to be a gue.it. The entertainment win
Include Polish dances, music and folksong by Pole*
In national costumes.
Announcement Is made of the engagement of
M!? 9 Rosamond Low, daughter of Mr. and Mr*.
William O. Low. to John Chapman, of Virginia.
Joseph Jenkins Lee, who has just been promoted
from the post of Secretary of Legation at Panama
to the offlc« of l.*n!tPd States Consul General at that
port, has arrived In town on furlough, and will go
to Washington for the Inauguration, having served.
as one of the Rough Riders under the Pre*. la
Cuba during the Spanish war. tie Is a son ot
Charles O'Donnell Lee. of Needwood. Md., and bo
longs to the Calumet and several other New- York
Miss Urllng Harper's marriage to Le Grand Bene
dict. Jr.. ■will take place very quietly on Tuesday.
March 14. as aha is In deep mourning for tha death
of her sister. Miss Harper is a daughter o* Mr.
and Mrs. J. Henry Harper
Miss Jane H. Ctagin. danghter of Samuel Cragta.
was married yesterday afternoon to Lieutenant
D'Arcy Hemsworth Kay, of the British army To*
ceremony, which took place at the home of th«
bride's aunt. Miss 3 -hell. No. 9 Washington Square
North, was perform^ by the Rev. Dr. Percy 3.
Grant, of the Church of the Ascension, assisted by
the Rev. H. K. Bartow, of Boston. Miss Cragta
was attended by her sisters. Mrs. Bartow and Mas
Elizabeth Schell Cragln. The best man was Lieu
tenant Frederick Packer, also of the British army.
The ushers Inc'uded Charles B. Curtis. Jr.. Walter
Towers. Harold Soley and Frederick Howard.
Lieutenant Kay Is stationed at Barbados.
Mr. and Mrs. Marshall Roberts leave England
next week for .V^wTork. accompanied by Sir
George and Lady Murray, the father and mother of
Mrs. Roberta. Marshall Roberts is th* son of
Mrs. Ralph Vivian, by her first marriage. He saa
been educated in England, and ia an officer of th*
English army, holding a commission In tha Scots
Guards. St.* George Murray Is the permanent chief
of the General Postofflce.
Dr. and Mrs. J. Duncan Emmet entertain at
dinner this evening at their nous*, tn Madfewn
ave. A musical will follow.
The Mardl Gra9 Carnival of Holiday Dance*, to
be given at the Waldorf-Astoria on next Tuesday
evening for the benefit o* the Weat Side Settle
ment, will he under the pa»rona<je of Mrs. William
Jay Sonieffelin. Mrs. C. B. Alexander. Mra. Elliott
F. Shepard. Mrs. Arthur M. Dodse. Mrs. Richard
Irvin Mrs. A. Dt JuilMard aad others. The dance*
have been arranged by Misa Leila H. Stewart.
August Belmont. with Mr. ani Mrs. Co*-«e!!tia
Vanderbilt. who are tiow at Palm Beach, returns
to town on Monday.
Mr. and Mrs. Hamilton MeK. Twombly and M'.s*
Ruth Twombly. whi> nre »t»ll at Palm Beach, g*
from there on Saturday to California.
"Die Fledermaus" was given last night at th*
opera house. Among those pr**»**nt were Mrs. Vaa
derbllt. Mrs. E. Francis Hyde. Mr and Mrs. Herbert
S. Terrill. Mrs. George Bliss. Mr. and Mra. H. G.
Fahnestock. M'ss Leary. William G. Rockefeller.
Mr. and Mrs. 3 H. P Peil. Mr and Mrs S. Reev*
Merrit. Miss Dimock. Mr. and Mrs. John XI. Bow
era. Trenor L. Park. George S. Soot: and Mr. and
Mrs. Franklin Bartlett,
suous charm. The visitors were generously wel
comed and rewarded.
Johann Strauss's operetta. 'Die Fledermans** Bad
Its last performance for this season, presumably
far all time, at the Metropolitan Opera House last
night. la its musical climaxes, such as the finale
of the second act. It stirred the audience to enthu
siastic expressions of approval; Its claver cem«*ly«—
that Is. all of It that could not be expressed by th*
legs of the dancers, the reel'.ns of drunken men
and the squirting of water from a syphon— was
wasted, as usual. There was one change from la-*
original cast— Miss Marian Weed took Mis*
Walaer'a place aa Prince Orlofsky. Before the per
formance Mr. Conned, In behalf of the lessee com
pany, presented Mr. # Dlppel with a silver loving
cup In appreciation of bus versatile hipfnlna—
during t be season.
London. March I.— Hug» Baring, of New-Tort.
was married In London thU afternoon to La<ly
Maghrramoroe. stater of the Earl of Shafltubury,
who gave the bride away.
Huge* Baring is a representative of the New-Tor*
bouse of the London banking tlrm of Baring Br*tb>
era. He Is the son of the late Edward Chart**
Baring, first Baron Revelstoke. The present head
Of the Baling family Is John Bartn?. Lord Revel
6toke. eldest brother of Hugo Baring, who was
formerly a Heutei.ant of !lu»*ara »nJ was severely
wounded while serving In South Africa la ISM. kt*
■nits barn la MM
Lady Magheramorne la th«» second sister of th*
Earl of Shaftedbury. She was born In ISO. I* US*
she married Baron Musheramoras. who die* la
1003. . ■ _»
At a meeting of the trustee of th* Roosevelt H*S»
pllal. held on Tuesday. Dr. James TV. Mel.an«. for.
mer president of College of Physician* and Surgaonj
In this city, was elected president of the hospital.
W. Irving Clark was elected vice- president; W
Bmlfn Roosevelt secretary and Richard Trbmbi«
Te the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: In the congratulatory telegram In to-day 1 !
Issue to the German Emperor at th* cansecratloa
of the EvangeticaJ Lutheran Cathedral, In Berltn
any signature la given aa pastor of ••St. James's
Evangelist"— a totally different thing from "St,
James's Evangelic** Lutheran Oureb" a* It shouM
read. Th« error t, an Important one. as w*Z
meant to represent the several church**. >r., l
kindly auk you to correct It In to morrow a K n.l
- J. Ji. ■ ■ ■-j ■ > s.y 1 j,^

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