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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 14, 1905, Image 5

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.*"*- ' " 4 • •
A SPRING GOWN.
4* aO-occasloa sad a»-we&tfcer gown built of fine , smooth, black and white tweed. Black silk braid
witt> a broken dls«t>aal white stripe Is applied to the full skirt, which Is pleated In. groups and
Stitched to th« Mas and then allowed to flow free, and to the semi-fitting basque coat. Turn over
csE«r sxsd revers are at Ivory moire bound with tin braid and overlaid by applications of black
velvet The deep frills In the wide bell sleeves are of black taffeta, and the buttons of black and
white silk. — (Lady's Pictorial.
FLATS AND INSANITY.
ync-York Physicians Find Life in
Former Normal.
Londoners have Been with increasing apprehen
flea huge fiat end apartment houses rising in what
wits once a city of homes and private dwellings,
bat It has remained for a London newspaper to give
them solemn warning that living in flats makes
pec pie insane, and that the rapid growth of in
sanity In London is due to the rapid growth of the
flat system of living.
A fashionable physician is reported to have said
that London might have to spend millions In un
building the flathouses she is now building, and
Dr. Forbes "Winslow, another London doctor, has
described flat life as a species of solitary confine
ment which produces depression and crime. New-
Tork physicians seem by no means disposed to ac
cept these views, or, at least, to accept them as
holding good of New- York. One of them did ad
mit, however, that a great many of the patients
who come under his observation and who belong
to the poorer classes do come out of flats.
DR. GREGORYS OPINION.
"Three- fourths of our patients come from flats,"
said Dr. Menas S. Gregory, resident alienist at
Bellevue Hospital, "but then you must remember
list they are all poor persons, and that the same
treportion would most likely not hold in the case
of another class of parents. No doubt it is true
that if there is a predisposition to insanity, living
in a fiat is one of the things that will tend to en
courage it.
"Mind you, I don't believe that the flat causes
Insanity, as these London physicians assert that it
•Joes. Insanity is an inherited disease But the
trouble lies right here: People living in flats are
tpt to be abut in by themselves a good deal. with.
tne world outside, altogether too much oppor
tunity to thick about themselves and worry over
their defeats and hardships. if they are predis
posed to melancholia, the loneliness may be one of
the elements contributing to produce hallucina
tions.
"But it is absurd to suppose that living in a flat
wu. proauce insanity where the tendency to men
tal arrangement does not already exist.
"Fancy how it would be with you if you spent
your cays m two or three small rooms, with only
a tlar.k wail or the neighbors' clotheslines to look
out upon and the creaking of the dumbwaiter and
the cryizg of the neighbors' children for your di
versions: It is the loneliness, the isolation, that
£*ts on the mind. Over and over again we find
out that this or that patient was alone a good deal
before the final outbreak of insanity came,
"There was a man brought in last week. His
wife had gone to Washington for two weeks, and
he was left alone in the flat, and suddenly his mind
began to leave him.
STRUGGLE FOR LIFE.
"More Important as Inducing Insanity la the
tremendous struggle for life in which people are en
rage!. This, with alcoholism, Intermarriage within
too narrow limits and excesses of all sorts, is re
sponsible for much of the Insanity that is not the
result of Inherited tendency. People come from
foreign countries and a simple life to this country.
*"here they find themselves caught up by a compli
cated, ttrexmous civilization. The strain is too
pest for a system often defective, and the trouble
creaks out. The poor go insane more often than
the well to do. and foreigners more than the native
bora population."
Although Dr. Gregory would not say that he
thoueat insanity was or. the increase in New-York.
w that New- Fork had more than Its share of luna
tics, as cities of its size go. he admitted that Belle
vue has had an increase of about on© hundred and
tity cases this year over last.
Or. Charles L. Dana declined to commit himself
tither way concerning the theory that flat life
siuces lunacy.
"I don't believe any one knows anything about
*." be said. "Flat life has never been studied
• its effects formulated. How is any one in a
WeiUon to predicate this or that of it?
FLATS NOT RESPONSIBLE.
"The theory that insanity is on the increase be
*«n of the flat, with its deadly monotony, Is not.
supported by evidence in New-York," said Dr. E. C.
fpltzka. "The man who first asserted that London
«t life induces Insanity is not a regular practi
*er. and I do not believe that he is acquainted
f^QUALITY
? HIGHER THAN PRICE. C
PRICE WITHIN THE REACH OF ALL
COCOA
STANDS
SSSfe UNEQUALLED
ElgSiflS roR PURITY ano
KgfiP DEUCIOUSNESS
r^^ of flavor.;.-:,
SOU} BY GROCERS *■ "^
<> EVERYWHERE. «C*«— • &
with the facts even there. His remarks, if true of
London, are not true of New-York.
"On the one hand, statistics show but a very
slight increase in lunacy in this city, and, on the
other hand, life In the average flat op tenement
hoiise is the very reverse of monotonous. While it
is-'true that people in the tenements often live amid
great squaior and live lives of almost unceasing
toil and hardship, it is also true that life for even
the poor in a great city is full of variety and ex
citement.
"I am inclined to believe that insanity is on the
increase rather in the rural districts than in the
congested tenements of this preat town. Here even
the poor read and think and have simple enjoy
ments. Life is far from being- monotonous or
deadly dull."
WHAT WOMEN THINK.
Mrs. Belle di Rivera, president of the City Fed
eration of Women's Clubs, remarked with a smile:
"It must be a queer sort of apartment house
where a woman could go insane from monotony.
I have lived in them for fifteen years and people
still call me sane."
"A New-York flat is certainly not the place for
a woman to lose her mind by reason of seclusion
and monotony." said Dr. Sarah J. MacNutt, when
she was found yesterday afternoon by a Tribune
reporter at the Minerva Club, of which she is a
prominent member. "Why. I used to live in an
apastment here and I never found a. minute to
myself Some very nervous women might go crazy
in a flat from the incessant noise and strain, al
though I do not know of any who have done so.
Monotony is usually what drives women insane,
ar.d that is to be found in the lonely country sides,
not in city apartment house? .
According- to Mrs Margaret Holmes Bates, the
place where a woman lives has little to do with
makinp her insane. "It all depends on the woman,"
she said. "No normal woman would ever be really
lonely in an apartment house. There are so many
ways of getting to know her neighbors if shr; cares
to — she is always meeting them in the elevator or
on the stairs. Then a woman is naturally interest
«d in other people, and in an apartment house she
has a chance to satisfy that interest. Again, it
does not take fo long lor a woman, to get through
her housework when she lives on just one floor
as it does when she lives in the usual two or three
etory and basement house, so the fiat dweller has
more time- to devote to pleasure and to resting her
mini.. 1 believe, than does her sister who manages
■ regular house. And surely this rest and re-crea
tion are great helps in keeping the mind normal."
"STRAIGT FRONT' OUT.
Hour Glass Shape for Women To
Be Fashionable.
Rumors of the passing of the straight front be
came a certainty at the first corset demonstration
of the National Dressmakers' Association, at No.
8&4 Broadway, yesterday afternoon. The corsets
fitted on the white robed figures of the models had
distinctly, though slightly, curved steels, and Mme.
Baker explained that these curves were to be
further accentuated by pads in the front of the
gown.
The new curved front, however, bears little re
semblance to the old. It is straight below the waist
line, and though it curves in at the waist and out
above it, this effect is obtained more by the in
sertion of a pad above the waist line, between the
dre*s and the corset, than by the corset itself.
These artinx-s. it is argued, will produce the a!l
important effect of making the abdomen look
EiniUler, and at the same time enable modern wom
enkind to secure the beauty of curved lines without
Burrincing the comfort of the straight front.
With the curved front come other relics of an
tiquity, a higher bust, a longer hip line and even an
approach to the nour glass shape.
"We have reached a happy medium," declared
Mrs. Linda Ross Wade, 'Utween the old corset
which held us in at the waist and let us spread
out below, and the dreadfully low bust and no
waist line of a few seasons ago. The new corset
does pinch us in at the waist, and we are coming
more and more to the hour glass shape. But I am.
convinced that American women will never go to
extremes in that respect."
The models were selected to Illustrate the fitting
of two opposite kinds of figures, the very thin and
ilie orer ptmnp.
"You set-," said Mme. Baker, when the owner of
the Ihiti figure had been lared into her armor.
"tha.t the slimmest kind of a girl may have tin
outlines of a figure even if ehe hasn't any flesh on
her bones. She doesn't need any padding and It
is always a mistake to put a lot of stuffing on ;i
thin figure. You can see by looking at ths fa
arms that it doesn't belong there/
There are to be corset demonstrations with liv
ing models every afternoon and evening while the
convention lasts. There will a!«o be lectures on
all phases cf the dressmaker's art.
BAPTIST HOME MISSION SOCIETY.
The New-York City branch of the Women's Bap
■ ne Mission Society. Mrs William M. Isaacs,
president, will hold its twenty-seventh annual meet
ing in the Central Baptist Church. West 42d-st.. on
March 16, at 2:' Xp. m. Addresses will
be m .rie by Dr. William M. Lawrence and Dr.
Riifu? Petry Johnston. Tea wili he served at 4
AT THE MINERVA CLUB.
"Shakespeare and atastc," a lecture by Miss
Helena Garland Albro, explaining the poet's al
lusions to music, and. sixteenth century hongs by
Miss Clay Shannon, were given yesterday after
noon at the meeting of the Minerva Club, at the
Waldorf-Astoria. Among the quests at the meet
ing were Mr? Belle di Rivera, Mrs. W. Clifton
Belts. Mrs. Albert Canneld Bags Mrs. J. B Peck,
, r v O. W. Busc.h. Mrs. Olive Muir Fuller.
Mrs P. G. Pnelpi Mrs. Daniel Bates, Mrs. Caspar
D*«n. Mrs. Corl.in. Mr, P. J. Clarke. Mrs G W.
Busrn, Miss Jahren and Mrs. McCullough Smith.
DEVOTIONAL MEETING.
The Wednesday prayer meeting of the Ladies'
Christian Union is to be held on Wednesday, at
11 a. m.. in the chapel of the Collegiate Church.
Eth-ave and 4Sth-st. The speakers* are Miss Hughes,
of Bunnah. and Mrs. Carpenter, of J-u-an.
NEW- YORK DAIII r'RIBrXE. TUESDAY. MARCH 14, 1905.
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT ON FAMILY LIFE.
HE TELLS THE MOTHERS' CONGRESS OF THE HIGH
AND HOLY DUTIES OF WOMEN.
[FBOM THE TRIEUXE BrREAU. )
Washington, March 13.— President Koosevelt delivered an address before the National Con
gress of Mothers here to-night, in which he dwelt on family life. He showed how it must
be> normal and healthful if the results are satisfactory and adequate. He declared that the
welfare of the state depends absolutely on whether or not the average family, the average man
and woman and their children, represent the kind of citizenship fit for the foundation of a
great nation. Home life must be healthy, man must be honest and hardworking and woman
must be a good wife and mother if the race was to increase and the nation thrive. He repeated
his adjurations against race suicide, and urged on mothers the proper rearing of children for
the performance of the public and private duties which will fall on them. He declared easy
divorce the bane of any nation, an evil thins for men, and a still more hideous evil for women.
In Bumming up, he paid: "'The woman's task is not easy, but in doing it and when she has done
It there shall come to her the highest and holiest ;oy known to mankind."
The President's address follows:
In our modern industrial civilization there !
are many and grave dangers to counterbalance
the splendors and the triumphs. It is not a
good thing to see rities grow at disproportionate
speed relatively to the country; for the small
land owners, the men who own their little
homes, and. therefore, to a very large extent
the men who till the farms, the mm of the soil.
have hitherto made the foundation of lasting
national life in every State; and if the founda
tion becomes either too weak or too narrow the
superstructure, no matter how attractive, is in
imminent danger of falling.
But far more important than the question
of the occupation of our citizens is the question
of how their family life is conducted. No mat
ter what that occupation may be. as long as
there is a real home and as long as thos*^ who
make up that home do their duty to one another,
to their neighbors and to the state, it is of
minor consequence whether the man's trade is
plied in the country or the city, whether it calis
for the work of the hands or for the work of the
head.
But the nation is in a bad way if there is no
real home, if the family is not of th° rijrht
kind; if the man is not a good husband and
father, if he is brutal or cowardly or selfish; if
the woman has lost her r-e:;se of duty, if she is
sunk in vapid self-indulgence or has let her
nature be twisted fo that she pr?fers a sterile
pseudo-intellectuality to that groat and beatii
ful development of character which comes only
to those whose lives know the fulness of duty
done, of effort made and self-sacrifice under
gone.
In the last analysis the welfare of the state
depends absolutely upon whether or not the
average family, the average man and woman
and their children, represent the kind of citi
zenship fit for the foundation of a great nation;
and if we fail to appr?ciate this we fail to ap
preciate the root morality upon which all
healthy civilization is based.
HOME LIFE MUST BE HEALTHY.
No piled up wealth, no splendor of material
growth, no brilliance of artistic development,
will permanently avail any people unless its
home life is healthy, unless the average man
possesses honesty, courage, common sense and
decency, unless he works hard and is willing at
need to fight hard; and unless the average
woman is a good wife, a good mother, able and
willing to perform the .first and greatest duty
of womanhood, able and willing to bear, and to
bring up as they should be brought up, healthy
children, sound in body, mind and character,
and numerous enough so that the race shall in
crease and not decrease.
There" are certain old truths which will be true
as long as this world endures, and which no
amount of progress can alter. One of these is
the truth that the primary duty of the husband
is to be the home maker, the bread winner for
his wife and children, and that the primary
duty of the woman is to be the helpmeet, the
housewife and mother. The woman should
have ample educational advantages; but, save
in exceptional cases, the man must be, and she
need not be, and generally ought not to be,
trained for a lifelong career as the family bread
winner; and, therefore, after a certain point the
training of the two must normally be different,
because the duties of the two are normally
different. This does not mean inequality of
function, but it does mean that normally there
must be dissimilarity of function. On the
whole, I think the duty of the woman the more
important, the more difficult and the more
honorable of the two. On the whole, I respect
the woman who does her duty even more than
I respect the man who does his.
DEMANDS OF WOMEN'S WORK. '
No ordinary work done by a man is either as
hard or as responsible as the work of a woman
who is bringing up a family of small children;
for upon her time and strength demands are
made not only every hour of the day, but often
every hour of the night. She may have to get
up night after night to take care of a sick
child, and yet must by day continue to do all
her household duties as well; and if the family
means are scant she must usually enjoy even
her rare holidays taking her whole brood of
children with her. The birth pangs make all
men the debtors of all women. Above all our
sympathy and regard are due to the struggling
wives among those whom Abraham Lincoln
called the plain people, and whom he so loved
and trusted; for the lives of these women are
often led on the lonely heights of quiet, self
sacrificing heroism.
Just as the happiest and most honorable and
most useful task that can be set any man is to
earn enough for the support of his wife and
family, for the bringing up and starting in*life
of his children, so the most important, the most
honorable and desirable task which can be set
any woman is to be a good and wise mother
in a home marked by seif-respect and mutual
forbearance, by willingness to perform duty
and by refusal to sink into self-indulgence or
avoid that which entails effort and self-sacrifice.
Of course, there are exceptional men and ex
ceptional women who can do and ought to do
much more than this, who can lead and ought
to lead great careers of outside usefulness in
addition to — as substitutes for — their home
work; but I am not speaking of exceptions; I
am speaking of the primary duties, I am speak
ing of the average citizens, the average men
and women who make up the nation.
NO EASY LIFE FOR MOTHER?.
Inasmuch as I am speaking to an assemblage
of mothers I shall have nothing whatever to
say in praise of an easy life. Yours is the
work which is never ended. No mother has an
easy time, and most mothers have very hard
times; and yet what true mother would barter
her experience of Joy and sorrow in exchange
for a life of cold selfishness, which insists upon
perpetual amusement and the avoidance of care,
and which often finds its fit dwelling place
in some flat designed to furnish with the least
possible expenditure of effort the maximum of
comfort and of luxury, but in which there
literally no place for children?
The woman who is a good wife, a good mother,
is entitled to our respect as is no one else; but
she is entitled to it only because, and so long
as. she is worthy of it Effort and self-sacrifice
are the lav.- of worthy life for the man as for
the woman; though neither the effort nor the
self-sacrifice may be the same for the one as for
the other. I do not in the least believe in the
patient Gris^lda type of woman, in th? woman
who submits to gross and long continued ill
treatment, «ny more than I believe in a man
who tamely submits to wrongful aggression.
No wrongdoing is so abhorrent us wrongdoing
by a man toward the wife and the* children who
should arouse every tender feeling in his nature.
Selfishness toward them, lack of tenderness tow
ard them, lack of consideration for them, above
all, brutality in any form toward them, should
arouse the heartiest scorn and indignation in
every upright soul.
MARRIAGE A PARTNERSHIP.
I believe lo the woman's keaping her self-re
spect just a* I believe in t^e man's doing so. I
believe In her rights just v much as I believe
in the man's, and indeed a little more; and I
regard marriage as a partnership, in v.hich each
partner is in honor bound to think of the rights
of the other as well as of his or her own. But
I think that the duties are even more important
than the rights; and in the long run I think that
the reward is ampler and greater for duty \vfl!
done than for the Insistence upon individual
rights, necessary Though this, to ( ,, mtUKI
be Your duty is h;.rd. your responsibility
great; but greatest of all is your reward. 1 do
Dot pity you in tho least. On the contrary. I
feel respect and admiration for you.
Into the woman's keeping is committed the
destiny of the generations to com» after us. In
bringing up your children you mothers must
remember that, while it is essential to be loving
iind tender, it is no less essential to be wise and
ilrm. Foolishness and affection must not be
treated as interchangeable tt-rms. and, besides
training your 6ons and daughters in the softer
and milder virtues, ycu must seek to give them
these stern and hardy qualities which in after
life they will surely need. Some children will
go wrong in spite of the best training, and
gome will go right even when their surround
ings are most unfortunate; nevertheless, an im
mense amount depends upon the family train
ing:. If you mothers, through weakness, bring
up your sons to be selfish and to think only of
themselves, you will be responsible for much
sadness among the women who are to be their
wives in the future. If you let your daughters
grow up idle, perhaps under the mistaken im
preFßion that, as you yourselves have had to
work hard, they shall know only enjoyment, you
are preparing them to be useless to others and
burden* to themeelves. :
WHAT CHILDREN SHOULD BE TAUGHT.
Teach boys and girls alike that they are not i
to look forward to lives spent in avoiding diffi
culties, but to lives spent in overcoming dim- |
cutties. Teach them that work, for themselves ;
and also for others, is not a curse, but a bless- '
ir.g; seek to make them happy, to make them
enjoy life, but Geek also to make them face life .
with the steadfast resolution to wrest success ,
from labor and adversity, and to do the>r whole
duty before God and to man. Surely she who
can thus train her sons and her daughters is
thrice fortunate among women.
There are many good people who are denied
the supreme Messing of children, and for these
we have the respect and sympathy always due
to those who. from no fault of their own, are
denied any of the other great blessings of life;
but the man or woman who deliberately foregoes
these blessings', whether from viciousrjess. cold
ness, shallow heartedness, self-indulgence, or
mere failure to appreciate aright the difference
between, the all important and the unimportant
—why, such a creature merits contempt as
hearty as any visited upon the soldier who
runs away in battle, or upon the man who re
fuses to work for the support of those de
pendent upon him, and who. though able bodied,
is yet content to eat in idleness the bread which
others provide.
The existence of women of this type forms
one of the most unpleasant and unwholesome
features of modern life. If any one is so dim
of vision as to fail to see what a thoroughly
unlovely creature such a woman is I wish they
would read Judge Robert Grants novel, "Un
leavened Bread," ponder seriously the character
of Selma, and think of the fate that would
surely overcome any nation which developed its
average and typical woman along such lines.
Unfortunately it would be untrue to say that
this type exists only in American novels. That
it also exists in American life is made un
pleasantly evident by the statistics as to the
dwindling families in some localities.
THE CURSE OF EASY DIVORCE.
It is made evident in equally sinister fashion
by the census statistics as to divorce, which
are fairly appalling, for easy divorce is now, as
it ever has been, a bane to any nation, a curse
to society, a menace to the home, an incitement
to married unhappiness and to immorality, an
evil thing for men and a still more hideous evil
for women. These unpleasant tendencies in our
American life are made evident by articles such
as those which I actually read not long ago in a
certain paper, where a clergyman was quoted,
seemingly with approval, as expressing the gen
eral American attitude when he said that the
ambition of any save a very rich man should
be to rear two children only, so as to give his
children an opportunity "to taste a few of the
good things of life."
This man, whose profession and calling should
have made him a moral teacher, actually set be
fore others the ideal, not of training children to
do their duty, not of sending them forth with
stout hearts and ready minds to win triumphs
for themselves and their country, not of allow
ing them the opportunity and giving them the
privilege of making their own place In the world,
but, forsooth, of keeping the number of children
so limited that they might "taste a few good
things: 1 ' The way to give a child a fair chance
In life is not to bring it up in luxury, but to see
that it has the kind of training that will give it
strength of character. Even apart from the
vital question, of national life, and regarding only
the individual interest of the children them
selves, happiness In the true sense Is a hundred
fold more apt to come to any given member of
a healthy family of healthy minded children.
well brought up. well educated, but taught that
they must shift for themselves, must win their
own way, and by their own exertions make their
own positions of usefulness, than it is apt to
come to those whose parents themselves have
acted on and have trained their children to act
on the selfish and sordid theory that the whole
end of life is "to taste a few good things."
RESULT OF RACE SUICIDE.
The intelligence of the remark is on a par
with its morality, for the most rudimentary
mental process would have shown the speaker
that if the average family in which there are
children contained but two children the nation
as a whole would decrease in population so
rapidly that in two or three generations it would
very deservedly be on the point of extinction, so
that the people who had acted on this base and
selfish doctrine would be giving place to others
with braver and more robust ideals. Nor would
such a result be in any way regrettable, for a
race that practised such doctrine— that is, a
race that practised race suicide — would thereby
conclusively show that it was unfit to exist, and
that it had better give place to people who had
not forgotten the primary laws of their being.
To sum up, then, the whole matter is simple
enough. If either a race or an individual pre
fers the pleasures of mere effortless ease, of self
indulgence, to the infinitely deeper, the infinitely
higher pleasures that come to those who know
the toil and the weariness, but also the joy, of
hard duty well done, why. that race or that in
dividual must inevitably in the end pay the pen
alty of leading a life both vapid and ignoble.
No man and no woman really worthy of the
name can care for the life spent solely or chiefly
in the avoidance of risk and trouble and labor.
Save in exceptional cases, the prizes worth hav
ing in life must be paid for. and the life worth
living must be a life of work for a worthy end.
and ordinarily of work more for others than for
one's self.
The man is but a poor creature whose effort is
not rather for the betterment of his wife and
children than for himself; and as for the mother,
her very name stands for loving unselfishness
and self-abnegation, and, in any society fit to
exist, is fraught with associations which render
it holy.
The woman's task is not easy— no task worth
doing is easy— but in doing it. and when she has
done It. there shall come to her the highest and
holiest joy known to mankind; and having- done
it. she shall have the reward prophesied in
Scripture, for her husband and h<=r children,
yes. and all people who realize that her work
lies at the foundation of all national happiness
and greatness shall ris^ up and call her blessed.
THE WORK OF THE CONGRESS.
This was the most important day of th^ con
gress. President Roosevelt's address to-night,
preceded by Mrs. Roosevelt's reception at the
White House this afternoon, was the climax of
the session*-.
One of the dramatic incidents of the morning
was the appearance on the platform of Mrs.
Terrell, a negro woman of Washington, whose
good work is familiar to Tribune readers. Sh«
went to the Woman's International Congress in
Berlin last year, and made three telling speeches
in English, French and German.
"If you," she said with preat feeling to-day,
"need this congress for instruction for rearing
children, how much more do we, from whom the
shacklps of slavery have been lately taken,
need such information to enable us to rear our
| children properly."
One of the most important papers this morn
[ ing was the report of the Committee on Dep*-n-
I dent, Defective and Delinquent Children, made
hy Hastings H. Hart, superintendent of the Illi
nois Children's Home and Aid Society. He said
that in view of the great number of subjects
pressing on the attention of the congress the
committee had confined its report to the "ad
vantages and disadvantages of the placine out
| system." He explained that the "placing oat"
; system means thf- plan of putting dependent and
i delinquent children in family homes, to be
! brought up, as opposed to the "institution sys
tem" of bringing up children to young manhood
and womanhood in orphan asylums or other in
stitutions. The committee 'believes that the plac
ing out system has many advantages, because it
is the most natural procedure. The report shows
! how this placing out may be done legally
! in the various States. In Massachusetts
■ Hampshire and Indiana this authority is «exer
. tlsed by the State Board of Charities, in
Jersey and the District of Columbia by the
i Board of Children's Guardians, in Michigan.
| Minnesota. Colorado, Kansas and Rhode Island
I this authority is in the bands of a board of di
rectors of a State school or a State home for do-
AT THE SPRING CONVENTION
of th»
Dressmakers' Protective Association
OF AMERICA
now beini held in the
MASONIC TEMPLE.
Sixth Avenue and 23d Street, New York.
the
C\B
A LA SPHCITE CORSET
is endorsed as the
CRITERION OF FASHION
and used in a.ll demonstrations to give dispia.y to the latest
m °!t is the one corset that gives correct contour to the figure,
fits to perfection and is worn by leaders of fa.shior\ every whera.
DsmcmslraLtlons on Tuesday. March ,l4, Thursday. M*rch 16.
Saturday. March 1». at 8:30 P. M. Admission Freo.
Art Exhibitions and Sales.
"A great revelation to even those familiar with his productions,"
American Art Galleries,
Madison Square South, New York.
This Afternoon at 3 On. Friday and Saturday After-.
Mr. Weeks's Studio Effects n ° r ARP 30
To-morrow (Wednesday) and * t-i
Thursday Evenings at 8, Oriental RtfgS
Finished Pictures OF Tim X |
ISTH, J6TH, J7TH AND JSTH CENTURIES
Sketches, Studies and Drawings « Not since Marquan<J ,
By the late sale have there been such rare anil
E* LORD WEEKS beautiful Rugs shown at these galleries!
3^ " This monument of the Oriental j
_ . _ Art of Rugs, is incomparable. Mr**
On Friday Evening at O Marquand's was not so varied la I
At exquisite elements."— Henri Duboi*^
in THE AMERICAN.
Mendelssohn Hall to be sold by order of
Admission by card, to be had free) |-J # £ # BeJlgUiat & Soiln
THE IMPORTANT SAN FRANCISCO,
Ftntcifi^ Picture* WHO ARE about to establish them-*
1 UllbilCU 1 ICLUICb SELVES IN THIS CITY, AND MAKE *
BY THE LATE THIS SALE FOR THE PUR
"KTD TY7DEVC POSE OF INTRODUCING
JVIK. WJ2EI\O THEIR business.
On Fr^e View Day and Evening,
9 A. M. to 6 P. M., 8 to 10 P. M.
The Sales Will Be Conducted by Mr. Thomas E. Kirby of
THE AMERICAN ART ASSOCIATION, Managers,
6 East 23d Street, fladison Square South. New York.
pendent children. In all these States such chil
dren, after being placed in family homes, are
supervised and cared for by State or county
agents appointed for that express purpose. The
report shows thai the pioneer placing out so
ciety of the United States is the New-York Chil
dren's Aid Society, organized by Charles Lor
ing Brace. Up to that time the institutional
plan of bringing up children had prevailed, and,
the report says, juvenile crime was spreading
with dreadful rapidity. The report goes on to
tell how Mr. Brace took issue with the institu
tional plan, and gathered up children in car
loads, sending them by thousands into the coun
try. Since then the methods of the New-York
Children's Aid Society have been greatly modi
fied, and the supervision of the distribution of
the children is much more efficient, but the
placing out system is still considered best. In
conclusion, the report says:
For nearly fifty years a vigorous discussion was
carried on between the advocates of the institution
and the advocates of the placing out system, and
for a lonp time these differences seemed Irreconcila
ble. Extremists on both sides made rash state
ments. One party declared that "the worst home is
better than the best institution," -while another de
clared that "the placing out system was a plan to
promote infant slavery."
At to-night's session the big church was
packed, and many were unable to gain admis
sion to hear the President.
The President, accompanied by Secretary
Loeb, arrived about 9:15 o'clock, and was cord
ially welcomed. He was introduced by Mrs.
Frederic Schoff, of Philadelphia, the president
of the congress. He read his speech from
manuscript, but now and then departed from
the text and interjected some extemporaneous
remarks when he wished to emphasize a point.
MRS. SCHOFF-g ADDRESSw
Preceding the President's speech. Mrs. Schoff
delivered an address, in which she spoke of
"The Children of the Nation." In beginning her
remarks she said:
It is a significant and hopeful sign that in an age
when materialism and commercialism. Beem to be
the dominant forces that bring men together in the
organization of great trusts, that the greatest trust
of all should have had its birth here in Washington
eight yean ago, whea the National Congress of
Mothers was organized. I may well say the great
est trust, for It was given by God Himself, and the
partners in that trust are the mothers anU the
fathers of the children.
She spoke of the beneficent results which have
followed the organization of the congress, and
said foreign lands had been impressed with the
uork and are adopting it. She strongly advo
cated moral training in the public schools, and
favored the appointment of an interdenomina
tional committee for conference on a practical,
simple code of moral instruction that would be
accepted by all churches.
Regarding conditions in Utah she had this to
say:
The Superintendent of Public Instruction of Utah
testified undpr oath that h* had investigated the
schools of Utah, to learn whether the Mormon re
iigion. including polygSJßy, was taught In them.
He said that reports have not come from all of
them, but that In more than 300 of the «06 schools
of L'tah the Mormon religion was taught. Some of
the teachers in those schools showed letters bear
ing the seal of the president of the Mormo.i Church,
r^cjuestmtr them to t«rach this in the schools. The
lives of the Mormon polygamists were studied by
the pupils The lives of Washington. Lincoln and
other great men in the world's history were en
tirely omitted. Th^s-"- conditions extend also into
the States adjoining Utah. la the Brieham \oung
Academy, whero from twelve hundred to thirteen
hundrt-d young men und young women attend, in
formation h is that polygamy is taught,
and the head of the school Is a polygamist.
OHIO DAUGHTERS* EUCHRE.
Euchre was the entertainment provided for the
Daughters of Ohio in Nsw-Yeffc at their regular
meeting- yesterday afternoon at the Waldorf-As
toria. The prizes included two Rookwood vase*.
a cut glass vase, ■ cut glass berry bowl and "the
CANKER. SORES
Obstinate chsps of Cancrum Oris have been re
lieved after three or four applications of
SOZODONT
LIQUID
A complete cure has been effected within a
week from three applications a day. It is a
wonderful dentifrice. Nothing to equal it.
IT CLEANSES. HEALS. PRESERVES.
* FORMS. LIQUID. POWIUB. PASTE.
Art Exhibitions and Sales.
Ohio Twins," a couple of china pigs. All of th«
prizes were from Ohio manufactories.
Only members -were present, among them bein<
Mrs. Christopher C. Shayne. president: Mr? J. P.
Jackson, vice-president; Mrs M. L. Arbecam. re
cording secretary; Miss Laura Skinner, correspond
ing secretary: Miss Maria Townsend. treasurer.
and Mrs. A. J. C. Foye. Mrs. William Cumraings,
Mrs. Applegate. Mrs. Margaret Holmes Bates. Mrs
Emma Beckwith. Miss Carmelita Beckwith. M: ; -]
Charles Boaz, Mrs. Holden De.vis. Miss Anna Bock.
Miss Temperance Pratt Reed. Mrs. Douglas Hol
lesser, Mrs. Anna McConnell. Mrs. William Drew.
Mrs. Caroline Edgar. Mrs. Amelia R. Slusser, M'si
Cady Whaley and Dr. Belle 3rown.
HOW TO GET THIN.^
Miss White, of Corset Fame, Deviseg
"Reducing" Exercises.
Miss Elizabeth A. C. White, who is president o£
the Dressmakers" Protective Association of Amer
ica, and who will be rememoered by her "corset
demonstrations." is back in New- York City. three-
Quarters of an inch taller ani twenty-ftva pounds
lighter than she was last fall. The change is du«t
entirely to a course in physical culture, sa« says— a.
course devised by herself.
The principal exercise consists of lyins; face dowa>
on the bed, with hands at the side, and of stretch
ing out the feet until the insteps rest on the bed.
Besides increasing the height. Miss White avers,
this exercise does away with double chin, takes oft
fleshiness at the back of the neck and decreases),
the abdomen.
"You should go to sleep in this position. " sal<%
Miss White yesterday, "and every time that yo»
wake up during the night ani find yourself lyiny
in an old, unhealthy way you must turn over mam
straighten yourself right out again."
One reason for the rigid observance of 1*». rule*
that she has made for herself is the character ofl
the new corset. "You know corsets now axe mucte
higher, and you simply cannot have an abdomen, 51
sue declares.
Cooked fruit forms a large part of her diet. "F«n»
breakfast," she says. "I bavo a couple of chops
two eggs and the crust of some rolls, and then.
last, three or four kinds of fruit. Fruit is not goo*
to tiegln a breakfast on.
"Tea or coffee? Never. That Is. never any more.
There was a time when I drank many, many cum
of tea every day, but now I don't touch it. wate?
is good enough for me— and I drink lots of it.
"I was getting clumsy last f.UI," Miss Wtut* oon->
fessed. frankly. "And I couldn't walk on my toea
at all. Now I'm on my toes all the time."
Thirty model gowns from Paris and Berlin ar%
on exhibition at the convention of the Dressmak
ers* Protective Association, which is in session all
this week at the Masonic Temple, 2td-sC and 6th
ave.
To-night at 8:30 o'clock there will be a COiseC
demonstration on living modeis by Miss WhKe. Sh«
has already secured five models— "beauties." sh*
calls them— which she will put into shape to-night.
Children's Colds
Influenza, hoarseness and sore
throat are speedily relieved and
cured with Hale's Honey of
Horehound and Tar. Thou
sands of mothers know its worth.
At all druggists.
Pike's Toothache Drops
C-r- BSH
v.%w»Vs t sVs"sVsWwvwswsV.sv,v*
I Looking for a
Furnished Room?
< See THE NEW- YORK TRIB
i« UNE'S copious and up to date
•« Register of desirable rooms, with
V and without board, at the uptown
jC office, No. 1,364 Broadway, be
j» tween Thirty-sixth and Thirty
■ 2 seventh streets.
i FREE OF CHARGE TO
:\ TRIBUNE READERS.
5

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