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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 20, 1905, Image 11

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Flstar.ce at Tower Hill on the flr«t day's battle
he was slightly wounded by an 11-inch shell
which fell r.ear him.
The Chinese officials receive the Japanese gen
erals "ith soldiers and banners at most of th«
large towns entered.
Undated.— Everything now appears to be in
favor of the Japanese. They have a magnifi
cent army. In the highest spirits, which is rap-
Idly recuperating from the effects of the recent
battle, and which is fully equipped -with every
thing necessary or ' Manchurian campaigning.
Including groat quantities of supplies accumu
lated during the winter, together with several
lines of communication. The best season of the
year is coming. .. .• • .
Undated.— The gain without a battle of the
strongest natural position (Tie-Ling) on the en
tire railway, whereon much money and labor
were expended in defences under General Kuro
patkln's personal direction, was hardly expected.
The greatly elated army shows how thoroughly
beaten are the Russians. All indications point
to a continuance of the retreat of the latter to
JJarbin. Before leaving the town the Russians
fired railway buildings and those supplies which
they were unable to transport.
PEASANTS PLUNDERING.
Rising Spreads in Southern Prov
inces — Many Murders.
St. Petersburg. March 20.— The peasant dis
orders Are growing rapidly In the black soil
belt and other districts of Southern Russia,
Provincial Journals bring alarming reports,
sho^n* that a reign of terror already exists
In sofne districts.
Not only are estates plundered and buildings
burned, but landlords are brutally murdered.
In some places bands of armed monjlks have
taken to the forests, and fierce fighting has
occurred between them and estates' guardians.
Millions of copies of two documents called
"The Golden Scroll" and "Division of Lands"
have been circulated by agitators. Both tell
the peasants that the Emperor has decreed a
division of land. The provlnolal newspapers
are urgently calling on toe government to take
energetic measures to check the movement be
fore it is too late. Commissions, the bureau
cracy is warned, will not do. If the disorders
are allowed to go much further It will be pos
eible to stop them only by great bloodshed.
INCIDENTS OF RETREAT.
Russian Troops in Panic — Lack of
Food at Tie Pass.
St. Petersburg. March 20.— A Bheaf of belated
Associated Press dispatches filed at Moukden,
Tie Pass and Kai-Tuan reached St. Petersburg:
last evening, havin* been discovered arnonff
other papers committed to the censor at the
:' front, where they had lain from a week to
twelve days. Writing under date of March S
the correspondent mentions that General Kuro
patkin's confident declaration of satisfaction
. with the situation had steadied and encouraged
the army after eight days' battle. The wound
ed, exceeding in number those of the battle of
liiao-Tang, were crowding the station and the
RußSian settlement, and in the settlement ceme
tery chaplains were conducting continual fu
neral ceremonies. A few quotations from the
correspondent's notebook indicate the grewsome
r.ess of the scene:
Everywhere were pale faces of corpses sleep
ing among dead horses, slaughtered animals and
abandoned quarters of beef. Bloody bandages
which had fallen off strew the roads. There is
bursting shrapnel everywhere; six horses were
killed a hundred feet away. A wagon train
ahead has stopped, while two soldiers are quar
relling plaintively about horse feed. Dead and
wounded are passing, on the shoulders of sol
diers or in mule litters, carts, wagons or Chi
nese vehicles. Here one Russian and cne Jap
anese wounded, side by side, feed each other;
there lie seven little Japanese wounded, to whom
big Russians are kindly attentive. In the soft
sunshine gravediggers are at work on all the
roadways. Japanese officers who had been
taken prisoners are seen In the streets of the
settlement. Everywhere are evidences that tho
two great armies have come closer to handgrips
than ever before.
In the concluding portion of a dispatch from
Tie Pass, the first part of which was published
on March 11, the correspondent states that, ac
cording to Information, the Japanese strength
In Moukden was less by eighty battalions than
that of the Russians. The Japanese also were
inferior in guns at many places. The number
of men at the beginning of the battle was
700,000. manning the greatest field works ever
constructed. Not only in duration and the num
ber of troops and guns engaged did the battle
exceed all former contests, but also in expendi
ture of ammunition, the stores of which were
so enormous that after a continuous artillery
fire of ten days both sides were still able to
continue.
Describing the retreat, the dispatch pictures
debris strewn along the road, marching soldiers
Increasing their loads by spearing bread, vege
tables or fruit on their bayonets, at the same
time discarding heavy boots. Chinese garments,
knapsacks and blankets. After the first ex
mm . cltement at Tava, where a few wagoners plunged
without reason over impossible gulches, the en
tire body arrived at the steep banks of the Pu
River, where heavy artillery hastened down
upon the water covered Ice, which slowly gave
way. The dispatch says:
Tremendous exertion was required in getting
the guns out and up the further bank, the men
In the little gorge getting into a white heat of
excitement. The passage of a division through
the retreating column on the way to the south
west to strengthen the right flank gave confi
dence of short duration, for Japanese cavalry,
I breaking through above Tie Pass, overtook us
» at San-Tai-Tse. The roads and fields were a
• solid mass of transports, and the dust was so
i formidable that it was impossible to see a hun
, dred yards. Japanese grenades gave the Initial
impression of shrapnel, and. with rifle fire,
set tb* jammed mass into confusion. Day
break disclosed the plain covered with rider
~~ less horses, horseless vehicles, fragments of
harness, heaps of stores and furniture. Night
found . the army bravely bivouacking on
bare plains, swept by a cold, searching wind,
with not a solitary dugout to shelter them, but
preparing a new position.
A JAPANESE DEST&OYER LOST.
War Vessel Reported Sunk in Gale Off the
liido-Chiaa Coast.
London, March 20.— "The Daily Telegraph*"
Yokohama, correspondent says that In a storm
a Japanfe«6 destroyer was lost off the Indo-
China coast.
CITY TRUST CO
OF NEW YORK.
36 WALL STREET.
Capital, Surplus and ladivided Profits,
$2,826,000
Allows Interest on Deposits.
Acts in every Fiduciary Capacity.
JAS. liOSS CURttAX President
JOHN D. CiUXMiyS...... Vice-President
OKO. B- 6HKLDON'. ....«.».»•• —.- .M Vlce-Prtssldent
XZTHTTI TEKKV ...... ....... __ — ..,..... bee-rotary
WAX/tHJt "W. LEE —.-•..■.•... A*»t. Secretary
U3L J. 1XK. ............. .^- 24 Ami. Secretary
RUSSIANS URGE PEACE,
Pressure to Induce Czar to Submit
Proposal to Japan.
St. Petersburg, March 20.— While Emperor
Nicholas still declines to abandon the prosecu
tion of the war, and the government maintains
its ability to continue the conflict, The Asso
ciated Press is in a position to state that power
ful influences, including several of the Em
peror's own Ministers, are now strongly urging
that the time has come to indicate to Japan Rus
sia's desire for peace upon a reasonable basis.
Should Japan then attempt to impose too oner
ous conditions, these influences argue that in
view of the universal wish to see the bloody
conflict ended Russia's position would be
strengthened abroad by the withdrawal of sym
pathy from Japan, and that tne situation at
home would be Improved when the nation was
made to understand that the Emperor's propo
sals had met impossible terms. One of the
Emperor's Ministers said to-day:
"We have suffered bitter defeat on land and
sea We can, however, still continue the war.
Both countries have suffered great losses in
blood and treasure, and it would only profit the
rivals of both were we to fight on until one or
the other was exhausted. Russia has a hard
task fighting the war against such adversaries,
six thousand miles from home, and I contend
she can make a dignified peace, without glory,
but not without honor.
As the victor on land an,d sea, Japan can af
ford to remember, as Bismarck did at the con
clusion of the Austro-Prussian War, that two
countries which must live through the long
future as neighbors may need each other's
friendship. Japan may consider the time pro
pitious, on account of the situation in European
Russia, to try to crush us. Suppose, for the
sake of argument, she succeeded in finally forc
ing a humiliating peace. It could not be more
than an armed truce. Russia is too big and
powerful to retire permanently from the field.
The clouds at home will eventually roll away.
With the arm.y and navy reorganized, in five,
ten or fifteen years there will come inevitably
our revenge. No permanent peace is possible
now or later unless Japan Is reasonable.
To the suggestion of the possibility of an
alliance between Russia and Japan, the Min
ister said:
A reasonable peace must first be established.
Broadly speaking, Russia's renunciation of her
entire Manchurian policy should satisfy Japan's
claims. She could have her protectorate over
Corea, such privileges on the Kwan-Tung
Peninsula and at Port Arthur as the powers
would not oppose, and the Chinese Eastern Rail
way could be placed under international con
trol, Russia maintaining her rights to a railway
line through Northern Manchuria to Vladiv
ostok.
Russia never yet has paid indemnity, and
history practically affords no precedent for in
demnity when territory Is not occupied to Insure
payment, and Japan holds not a foot of Russian
territory. Japan could, however, take the pro
ceeds of the sale of the property and rights of
the Chinese Eastern Railway, which was built
with Russian money.
Proceeding, the Minister said the difficulties of
continuing the war were fully appreciated, both
fr«p a military and a financial standpoint, but
neither was insurmountable. He denied em
phatically that the negotiations for a French
loan were adjourned because Russia would not
make peace. He expected that these negotia
tions would be resumed soon. The success of
the internal loan, the Minister said, was as
sured. As for the question of a new army,
much depended upon the situation when Gen
eral Linevltch got the army out of danger. The
Minister added:
Complete details of General Kuropatkin's
losses have not yet reached the government, but
It is already known that the Japanese reports
are greatly exaggerated. The report that sixty
siege guns and many hundred cars were left
behind is false, as practically no siege guns or
rolling stock fell Into the hands of the Japanese.
No new general mobilization has been ordered,
and it may not be necessary. Of the 300,000
reserves mobilized last fall. 140,000, and the
Fourth Army Corps, 40,000 men. are now be
ginning to arrive in the Far East. If, therefore,
Llnevltcb's army numbers 200.000 when he
reaches Harbin — if that is to be the new base
he will have an army of about 400,000 men
without summoning additional reserves. Some
regular units, such as a division of the Guards,
might be sent without further mobilization.
WORKMEN NOT QUIETED.
Signs of Further Outbreaks in Cities
of Poland.
Warsaw, March 19.— Now that most of the
strikes have ended, the workmen are beginning
to carry out the threat of revenge on those who
refused to quit work with them. On Saturday a
foreman who had refused to Join the strikers
was fatally stabbed, and to-day a workman who
had refused to walk out was shot and severely
wounded. The authorities fear that these lnci
dnets are only the beginning of a series of such
outrages.
The working classes are greatly excited In an
ticipation of orders for mobilization. The men
are determined to offer violent opposition.
Scarcely a day passes without the appearance
of seditious pamphlets. One publication, en
titled "The Barricades," which was recently
circulated, preached revolutionary doctrines,
urging workmen to prepare for the struggle and
build barricades in the streets. The mobiliza
tion la expected to begin in Lodz to-morrow.
Workmen in several mills there already are
striking to show hostility to such measures.
The school strike at Warsaw is reaching an
acute stage. The authorities to-day issued a
final order that boys not returning to school be
fore Wednesday will be expelled, regardless of
their number. The Polish Educational Com
mittee, which recently went to St. Petersburg, is
angered at the government's unyielding atti
tude. The committee met here to-day and re
solved to support the boys in striking.
More troubles are feared.
Warsaw and Lodz manufacturers have been
invited to send delegates to a meeting of in
dustrial representatives from all parts of Rus
sia at Moscow on Thursday to discuss the com
mercial situation preparatory to making a re
port to the Ministry of Commerce.
KUROPATKIN ON THE WAY HOME.
St. Petersburg, March 20.— A report m circu
lation last night that General Kuropatkln is re
maining in Manchuria and that he will assume a
subordinate command cannot be confirmed, and
private dispatches from Gun-Shu Pass say that
General Kuropatkin's train started on Saturday
for St. Petersburg.
SINGER DISAPPEARS.
Brooklyn Woman — Has Jewels
Worth $4,000.
The disappearance of Stgnorlna Mathilda Galliani,
a slnrer, from her home, at No. 61 Gates-aye.,
Brooklyn, was reported to the police of Brooklyn
who sent out a general alarm for her last night.
She has been missing einoe last Friday. She is
described as being thirty years old, of light com
plexion, dark brown hair and eyes, flve feet six
Inches In height and ISO pounds in weight. Wh«n
she left home «he wore a black skirt, a. brown Bilk
waist, a red felt hat, a sealskin, Jacket trimmed
with ermine and black laced shoes. It Is said that
the missing woman is master of six languages.
At the home of Signorlna. Gallianl. Miss Llbby
Ann Brown, a pupil of the missing woman, said
th« tugnorina had with her when she left home
Friday Jewelry valued at $4,000. Among the articles
were "two diamond sunbursts, a pearl necklace, a
combination ring, a solitaire <Hamond and a dia
mond studded watch, which Miss Brown sold the
Presldont of Venezuela presented to her. Bhe also
bad, according to Miss Brown. $200 in oash.
No reason could be given for her disappearance
except the failure of an ooftratio trio which the
alg-narina recently - wrote. Managers to whom it
was presented were not kind In their criticisms. It
Is «aid, and It •eemed to m*k» Mr despondent.
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. MONDAY. MARCH 20. 1906.
RECOMMENDATIONS OF COMMITTEE n[ NINE.
DETAILS OF REPORT AND POLICE BILL TO BE PRE
SENTED AT ALBANY TO-DAY.
The Committee of Nine last night made public
Its report on. police conditions. Its recommenda
tions for the rehabilitation of the force and the
text of the bill, embodying theße to amend the
city charter, to be Introduced to-day in the
legislature.
The report and recommendations have already
been forecasted in The Tribune, and. as pre
viously told in these columns, the chief of these
is the appointment of a uniformed Inspector to
be responsible for the efficiency and discipline
of the force, his appointment to be revocable
at the pleasure of the Commissioner; the abol
ishment of the Detective Bureau and the place
of detective sergeant, and the establishment of
the Bureau of Criminal Investigation, to which
the chief insr>ector shall detail members of the
uniformed rank, and a Central Office Bureau for
the the control of the liquor traffic and the de
tection and suppression of houses of prostitution.
The committee deem 3lt advisable to allow the
term of the Commissioner's office to remain as
at present, five years, and does not recommend
giving to him power of absolute dismissal from
the force, believing appeals, as allowed at pres
ent, to be best.
The formation of the Central Office Bureau for
the control of the liquor traffic and suppression
of gambling and prostitution the committee be
lieves will be a staggering blow at the graft
system, because it does away with the appoint
ment of wardmen by the captain. Wardmen, In
the committee's opinion, have been the connect
ing link between the "system of vice and the
system of protection."
The committee also, to a certain extent, takes
the position of which Justice Gaynor has
been the chief adherent, that the present
system of "observing and inspecting illegal re
sorts" develops a tendency to resort to lawless
methods, and declares that it has been a com
mon practice to make arrests without warrants.
This also would be done away with by the new
bureau. In the opinion of the committee.
Minor recommendations incorporated with the
others In the bill are Increasing the salary
of the commissioner from $7.."»00 to $10,000; In
creasing the salary of the first deputy from
$4,000 to $G,OOO, making the salaries of the
other two deputies $5,000 each, pensioning men
who have served ten years as central office de
tectives and keeping a record of the efficiency
of each policeman. This to count in examina
tion for promotion.
A striking sentence at the beginning of the
report is: "The commissioner has now great
power, but the efficiency and honesty which
should be attained by the full exercise tnereof
have not been secured. "We intend to call atten
tion* to these powers at a later date."
The report ends as follows:
We regret that we have not enjoyed the benefit
of the co-operation and assistance of Mr. Root,
whose absence from town prevented his attend
ance at first, and who wrote later that his pro
fessional engagements would Interfere so much
with giving the attention which he had hoped to
give that he would have to withdraw.
It was signed by Austen G. Fox, chairman;
Henry De Forest Baldwin, George McAneny,
James McKeen, John G. Milburn, William
Church Osborn, Jacob H. Schlff. and Isaac N.
Sellgman.
T. Ludlow Chrystie, the secretary, said last
night that he did not know who would be asked
to introduce the bill. He also said that, while
the Police Commissioner had been consulted as
to the report and the new bill, the Mayor had
not seen either. _
Ex-Police Commissioner John N. Partridge, of
Brooklyn, when asked last night for an ex
pression of opinion on the bill, said that he
would rather read It in full before discussing
its clauses. The abolishing of the detective bu
reau, he thought, was an important step, but
he also believed that the substitution of a suit
able bureau to take its place was of still more
importance. Concerning the raising of the sal
ary of the Commissioner to $10,000 he said he
thought that was a move in the right direction,
for a good man was worth that amount.
The headings of the report and the com
mittee's remarks on them follow:
CHIEF INSPECTOR—DETECTIVE BUREAU.
First — That the administrative and supervisory
functions of the Commissioner be separated from
those that, in the sense of involving command of
the force, are purely executive, and that the latter
be vested in a uniformed "chief inspector."
That the chief inspector be given the power of
assignment and transfer of the men and be made
responsible for the efficiency of the force, but that
tho Commissioner's own general responsibility be
continued by making the chief Inspectorship an
assignment for an indefinite period, revocable at
the will of the Commissioner.
That provision be made, for a trial deputy, and
for broadening the powers of the Commissioner In
punishing breaches of discipline. That salaries of
Commissioner and Deputy*^ Commissioners be In
creased.
Second— That the present Detective Bureau be
abolished and Its members remanded to police duty,
except that members of ten years' service may,
when they retire, retire on the pension of a ser
geant; that a new bureau be organised for detective
service, the members of which shall be drawn from
and be subject to return to, the uniformed force;
that the members shall neither gain nor lose in
their eligibility for promotion because of service in
QUARREL IN BEEF TRUST.
Report That Full-Confession Will Be
Made by a Packer.
[BY TELEGRAPH TO THE TBIBCKB.]
Chicago, March 19. — It is stated upon trust
worthy authority that full revelation of the
alleged unlawful acts of the "Beef Trust" will
be made to the federal special grand jury, which
convenes here to-morrow to investigate the so
called packers' combination. It develops that
just on the eve of the beginning of the prose
cution in the Federal Court here, information of
a serious disagreement among the packers has
come to light, and at the same time it Is re
ported that Schwarzschlld & Sulzberger have
promised to give evidence on behalf of the gov
ernment. . . , • . ,'. >.^i;:
Max Sulzberger, vice-president of the firm,
when asked regarding the attitude of his firm,
said they had always fought the other packers,
but he declined firmly to discuss the matter
further at this time. Late last night a secret
conference of the attorneys of all the other
packers was held to prepare for the defence of
the "Beef Trust," and to learn. If possible, the
nature of the government's case before the grand
jury. . ij'^Vrt.
The federal attorneys are taking every pre
caution to prevent the packers getting any ad
vance news of the developments in the inves
tigation. Twenty-three grand jurors will ap
pear before District Judge Humphrey to-morrow
morning to begin the investigation. All exits
will be guarded by deputy marshals, and visit
ors, Including newspaper men, will be excluded
from the neighborhood of the grand jury room.
VESUVIUS STILL BUSY.
Naples, March 19.— The activity of Mount Vesu
vius continues. The desire of travellers to ap»
proach the crater Is so urgent that extra guards
have been stationed. Detonations from the vol
cano are heard a long distance.
»
THE POPE'S NAME DAY.
Home, March 19.— T0-day being his name- day.
Pope Plus X received thousands of congratulations
in person and by message and celebrated mass in
the presence of a few intimate friends. His Holi
ness bad luncheon with bis sister. He afterward
received th« Sacred College In his library and
thanked the Cardinals for their good wishes, with
out, however, delivering a formal address, as was
the custom of Pope Leo XIII. .
COXJJ3 C.\rSil2 SOKE THROAT
LtxAtlTe Bromo Quinine, the world wide Cola and. Grip
remadjr, r»mor<i th« causa. Call tor the lull name and
100 Is tor •Igtatur* of E. W. Gray». :3c.
the new bureau, and that there shall be grades of
pay in the bureau according to proven efficiency.
Third— That a special bureau be organized,
charged with the duty of detecting violation* of the
excise laws and of the laws against gambling ana
disorderly houses; that, with respect to violations
of these laws, the Commissioner be empowered. to
limit the duties of the uniformed men to the pres
ervation of public order and decency.
COMMISSIONER AND CHIEF INSPECTOR.
To deprive the Mayor of the right to remove
would be to relieve him of responsibility for police
conditions and would be a long step backward.
Our proposed solution is to commit the executive
work to a uniformed officer raised in the service:
to require him to command, inspect and discipline
the men; to give him the power to assijtn'anfl
transfer: and to hold him responsible for the effi
ciency of the force. An honest and capable man
would quickly gain the confidence of the force and
of the people, and the right man. if once found,
might be retained indefinitely in the position of
chief inspector, as is the case, with some of the
higher officials under the commissioners in other
city departments. This is in part a return to the
executive system which prevailed In this city prior
to 1901. That. system was discredited by the actions
of a chief whose case was exceptional.
COMMISSIONER'S LENGTH OF TERM.
An increased stability of tenure Is suggested.
The present statutory term Is five 'years, coupled
with the power of removal by the Mayor or Gov
ernor without charges. We are urged to recom
mend a life tenure or a long term with the power
of removal as .it present. Although the present
term is nve years, we have had three commission
ers in four years, and it does not appear that a
longer nominal term would be longer in faGt.
Again, it is suggested that the term should be in
creased and removal be allowed only for cause.
This would undoubtedly give permanence of tenure,
for practically a powerful official cannot be re
moved on charges, except under extraordinary cir
cumstances. Such a change would in effect relieve
the Mayor of the responsibility for police condi
tions. This step backwards should not be taken.
THE DETECTIVE BUREAU.
It is essential to the efficiency of the detective
bureau that the executive head of the force should
be free to transfer for service therein any members
of the force, and to remand them at will to ordi
nary police duty. This system prevailed until 1001.
The present Commissioner and former Commis
sioners Partridge and Greene unite in urging a re
turn to it. There is practically a unanimity of
opinion that the change in the law made in 1901,
whereby a man detailed to. the detective bureau
became a permanent member of it as sergeant of
police, has worked disastrously.
»~. c do not deem it necessary to discuss the grave
accusations against the bureau which affect Its
integrity as well as its efficiency.
HITS ROOTS OF PROTECTION.
Dowßr P .?n°rn e ftf te l from the captain that
the iferfn™ ' cV V he ff ° rCe lIS a wl! ° le from
l,.ri?rT of wnich has been the source of so
dMrlvh«J' ° ;», We Propose to distinguish more
dutiel of Xf.? Ntn th s constabulary and the detective
the ma?nt^n« administration by providing that
turb^nce^ fn/th Of order> the s «PPression cf dis-
tn^fh the arrest of criminals shall con
that th« nw^M dut , y of the uniformed force; and
of all«£.S vm ll !F Of ev , idence and the investigation
and df«orrierK- *° nS of ! , aws relating to gambling
the duty «y« y no " ses « na the lic > uor tram fhall be
«> th^/ '. a s eclal bureau of tho detective branch
of the service Un<l r responsible central supervision
STent to offender™? 1 P ° liC<? captain ° the induce"
moved offenders t0 pay money to them will be re-
ARRESTS WITHOUT WARRANTS.
thY ft dd UUU Ul n«£ ls ? tak « , from the uniformed police
c ' *3. y ow imposed by law " to observe and
Inspect Illegal resorts. The present system is
It h£ P &?«, tendenC3r to re9Ort lo lawles^ methods!
without ome a 0011^ 01 ? practice to make anests
l tte'd ar ma n nOt ° n ' V wh , en no crime *as-°eeii
t£ m di n th ! P res ence of the officer making
the arrest, but hen K there is no reason for a belief
?•» a hv C i r me n aS been committed. D-nS.4l!ary
iiifl'l i by }£ c ?° llce , wit hout warrant are not recog^
f'"*^ the law P* the land. The statutory duty
rn^de o^/^^ fo^K v'SSSL™"* * oft «
This plan of centralizing the duty of detecting
these offences in a special bureau is "a simple and
we believe, a sound method of dealing with, the
most serious evil affecting the police c
AMENDMENTS REGARDING DISCIPLINE.
We also submit an amendment designed to in
crease the efficiency of the force by requiring a
record to be kept of meritorious services, as well as
of proven charges, and by adding inefficiency as
one of the causes for punishment We expect to
treat this subject In a later report on the admin
istration of the department. The failure to ke"p a
sufficient record of good services seems to us to be
0S? JnTW ° ? ™ kl * B and '^
1 1~% tl!t l! ? 0 ss ™ T ? lt an amendment bearing upon po-
Hce trals. This provides for trials at least oncia
week in each borough « ?,A a deputy commissioner,
whose salary shall be $6,000 a year. On such trials
the efficiency records may be used in evidence To
the punishments now permitted we add punish
ment by reduction in rank or grade. The present
system of punishment offers no intermediate be
tween thirty days' fine and dismissal. There are
many cases where a man has committed an offence
sufficient to justify a reduction in grade but not
sufficient- to justify his dismissal after years of ser
vice. This would also pe mit a man unequal to the
duties of a higher office to resume a lower position
for which he might be qualified*. This amendment
is urged by many persons having groat experience
in and knowledge of disciplinary matters in the
police force, and we accordingly submit it for
legislative action.
THE THREE PLATOON SYSTEM.
This system is not now required by statute- its
continuance is in the discretion of the Commis
sioner. It is uncertain whether the failure prop
erly to patrol is due to this or deeper causes We
consider It best at present to leave this matter with
I tb/s Commissioner, with whom It now rests and hold
him responsible for results.
APPEALS FROM TRIALS.
It Is urgied that a trial by the Police Commis
sioner Is a disciplinary and not a judicial proceed
ing, and that the judicial reinstatement at a dis
missed officer is highly prejudicial to discipline We
feel the force of these observations, in spite of the
fact that out of 245 removals in live years only 8
per cent of the men dismissed have been reinstated
Inasmuch as the right of certiorari is accorded by
the charter to all veterans and firemen and teachers
It Is obvious that any change In the law should
affect all alike: we make, at present, no recom
mendation on the subject. The right of appeal
constitutes a valuable protection against improper
k political influences.
CAPTAIN COTTRELL'S SHOES BACK.
The Tenderloin Commander's Feet Now Feel
at Horne — A Rude Letter.
Captain Cottrell's shoes are back In the Tender
loin station. These shoes havu been— lt's a shame
to do it, but It can't be helped— a feature of Cap
tain Cottrell's appearance. When he walked abroad
evildoers trembled and the flag stones shook, for
they were large shoes, encasing large feet. They
were new shoes. The captain had spent timo ami
money in acquiring them, and they fitted so nicely
that the clerk didn't have to sprinkle face powder
in them when he tried them on. They were war
ranted when applied to a "hobo" to accelerate his
speed and with one treatment to make a gambler's
re-enforced door look like kindling wood.
A rude, urigentleinnnly person stole these SbO^S.
Not from the captain's feet. Oh. no! Exactly where
they were when stolen has not been made known.
They miKht have been in his desk or under hla
bed. Two dettctivis wtre assigned to track the
thief, but In vain they visited the pawnshops.
The captain despaired and his feet felt funny.
Last evening a messenger boy handed Soi-l int
V/ilson a bulky package and a It tter, which he
said had been givfn to him by a mau in tth-dvo.,
with Instructions to take them to the staiion. The
sergeant handed tho package and letter to tha
captain. The latter found In the package a pair
of shoes, much the worse for wear. The letter
read as follows:
Here are your shoes, which I did not steal, as the
papers said. I only borrowed them. I don't want
them, and would not be In your shoes for all of
Carnegie's money. You will tlml them a little the
worse for wear, but otherwise O. K.
Gee! but you wear big shoes! Asking you to ex
cuse me, I am, yours truly,
RAFFL.ES THE COP.
A dress suit belonging to Roundsman "Archie"
McCullon was stolen from the station on Saturday
evening. Thrse are only two of a series of petty
thefts from the station in the last few weeks In
which the police have been the victims
The reserves have been cautioned not to sleep too
soundly, lest some needy person steal th^ station
THE NEWARK LEAVES SANTO DOMINGO.
Washington. March Word has reached the
Navy Department from Admiral Sigsbe* at his de
parture in his flagship, the Newark, from Santo
Domingo waters to Guantanamo, to Join the fleet of
Admiral Barker. The movement is simply in ac
cordance with an Itinerary heretofore mapped out.
The department also la Informed of the departure
of the Minneapolis from Guantanamo for Hampton
Roads, where she will stop on her way North.
Always . Remember the Full Name -
Laxative jjromo Quinine J3 fV£j& . on every
Cores • Cold inOn«D*y, Grip m 2 Days C& SS^jCyrVWX.^ box. 25e
,860 TH£ •*
WASHINGTON LIFE INSURANCE
COMPANY
141 Broadway, New York
ASSETS $17,500,000
JOHN TATLOCK. PB.ESIDF.NT
HON. CHAHLES H. ALLEN THEODGR.E T. JOHNSOW
Vice -President 2d Vc-President
Modem Policy Contract Producti tofj with
with guaranteed surrender remunerative contract?
values and approved priri- can be aßotted to reputable
leges to the insured. «*'* MM ata.
(Extract from Report of the Superintendent of Insurance of the State V)
The Department is satisfied that it is the aim of the new management to
conduct all the branches of the business of this company in such a manner m
to fulfill beyond peradventure the contracts entered into with its poli
and to use all legitimate means to the end that such contracts may be secured by
the policy-holders at a cost to themselves fairly comparable with the cc*t of ii
ance in other approved companies. The Department can state that the new man
igeraent engages in the task set before it with absolute mt«^rity ot purpose and
honesty in method and procedure, and fully believes that its plans and aims will
result in maintaining this company in the position in which the lorty-iive year
its history justly entitle it to be placed.
its nisiory , y FRANCIS HEXDRICK?.
Superintendent of Insurance.
EQUITABLE FIGHT DUE.
REPORT TO-MORROW.
Crimmins Committee Protests \
Against Plan Proposed.
When the board of directors of th« Equitable
Life Assurance Society meets to-morrow the com
mittee of seven will make its formal report on the
actualization plan outlined after its meeting a
week ago. From present . appearances, while tho
report Is likely to be adopted by the full board,
there will probably be a lively debate over the
possibility of delay which?' the plan holds forth.
Four years to wait for full mutuali*atlon will be
too long, according to some of the directors who
agree with the Crimmins committee of pollcyholders,
and there is an. Idea that some director win adopt
the suggestion put forth by that committee, and
advocate the resignation of all the directors, that
a new board may be elected at once. In conformity
with the provisions of the plan.
The completed report must take up two points
which were not touched on In the official statement
after last week's meeting— question as to
whether policyholders shall be allowed to vote by
proxy, or only If they personally attend the meet
ings, as by the provision at present in the charter,
and 'a provision for compensation to the stockhold- i
ers for conceding the right to vote to the policy- ;
holders. It is practically certain that the Hyde
directors will offer no objection to the plan of vot
ing by proxy. That the Alexander peopla will
consent to any indemnification of the stockholders
is not so certain. Rather, it is likely that on. that
point will begin the division, which will grow Into
the opposlton of the general plan laid out by the
committee.
The Crimmins committee of pollcyholders. which
was pleased by the Idea that the directors' com
mittee had reported a mutuallzatlon plan, has been
growing less pleased daily as it contemplated the
project. The committee intends to keep right on
working for a forced mutualiaatlon. Only a prompt
mutualizatlon. says the committee, through Frank
H. Platt. its counsel, can prevent an Investigation
of the Equitable, which would give. to the policy
holders the right to make what changes they
thought necessary. . ,
Mr. Platt declared that a statement coming, ap
parently authoritatively, from Mr. Hyde, that It
would hardly be safe to give the Immediate control
of the Equitable to Its policyholders. confirmed tne
fears of the committee. He went on:
The movement for mutualtaatioa sprang froia Jfc
settled conviction that a continuance of one m»
ibsLUi^ r^terTsS - t£pSSfcs:
fSßEHrediSirit it Th mV°Se ce ?r% of Hpd;
S lz £l advisers was due to the strength of the
derail ■ aSS the reasons underlying It. It can
h^dlv be said to be logical that the one-man con
trol of the ©Suitable same time that its abrupt
termination, and at the same time that its abrupt
"l^w ° S omet l hin! oA^re'asons underlying this
thaT" the momentary satisfaction with which
it was received by the policyholders must give
wa? to feeling that It Is less substantial than It
SaVed ana that the contest for the protection
of policy-holders' interests must be continued.
The suggestion that the present board of direc
tor? are men of great experience In Insurance and
So1illa?ly capabll. aside from their high standing
ana character, of giving the Equitable a highly
trained and efficient supervision. Is one that I
think the board of directors themselves would not
take seriously. The board of directors meets qnar
terry It is composed of men In every walk of
life many of whom do not reside in New-York.
"nd only a relatively small proportion of whom at
tend Its meetings. With few exceptions, the board
is merely nominees of the stockholding control
The! committee of the board has recommended
that a majority of the board hereafter be. elected
by \he poUcyholder* If the conditions demand
corrective measures of this sort, it is silly to post
pone the application of the corrective for a period
° fltf°hf It f °h U a r 3 be^n 'stated that Mr. Hyde teel-sthat ha£
ing the power to nominate and elect twenty-four
directors, he still believes that he may gain three
or four additional votes to give him the actual con
trol. This can hardly be regarded as an argument
In favor of the substantial character of the con
cession of mutualizatfon. I do not believe that any
one can control twenty-four men of character and
Independence in the sens© that It would appear Mr.
Hyde believes he can.
The postponement of the passage or control is
regarded as a distinct qualification of the proposed
plan, and unless some way can be found of realiz
ing the proposed mutualizatlon, movement except
after four years' postponement, with all the possi
bilities of Its defeat through scheming and Intrigue,
I am convinced that the widespread movement
amone the i»ollcyholdei s for the assertion and
securing of their rights will be carried on with re
newed vigor. _, ..
I furthermore believe that nothing can stop the
demand for an Investigation of the society except
the practical, prompt and unmistakable mutuallza
tlon of It. The latter would give to the policyhold
ers the clear power as well as right to investigate
and to institute needed changes and reforms. A
postponement or qualification of that opportunity
will but accentuate the growing feeling that there
is not only a corttUct of Interests, but a clearly
outlined contest between the pollcyholdera. on the
one hand, and the strongly intrenched interests who
are seeking to continue their power within the so
ciety by curtailing and qualifying the loudly her
alded mutualization.
SMITH HAS UErELATIONS.
Mormon Head Explains Why He
Denied It in Washington.
[BT TELEGRAPH XO TBS TBIBCVB.]
Salt Lake City. March 19.— Presttfent J.->
seph F. Smith, of the Mormon Church to-day
spoke in the Tabernacle In defence of himself
and of the position taken by him on the witness
stand before the Sraoot investigating commit
tee, in Washington. In regard to revelations. In
contradiction to his statements made there,
when he denied that he had revelations, he
snM hf hal had revelations in the past and still
continued to have them.
The reason why he denied the fact before the
committee, he said, was because It was fry
ing to lead him Into a trap. Without mention
ing names. President Smith replied to the criti
cism of himself by ex-Senator Frank J. C*nnon
and Charles A. Smurthwaite.
Penrose and Lymnn defended President Smith
and declared he had revelations. Lyman said:
"Whatever the Lord has to say He will have no
difficulty In speaking through President Joseph
F. Smith."
»■ 3 y
MOHAIRS =
"Will oevti lose their lastre."
" Rain Will Mot Spot Them."
Come in Blacks, Colors, and
Melang6 effects.
-B,Priestlcy&Co."ii:"Crawtitfcr
stamped on the wrong side.
THE BUSINESS OF
LIFE INSURANCE
The first of the Da« son articles m
The Business oi Lite lasnrance is
published in
THE WILL STREET JOURNAL
this morn in j. It treats of the Ftn>
daraental Nature of Life Ibsotskb.
Get a copy at your newsstand or,
better, send $2 to the Publishers
and have papers for two rnociis
containing the entire series sent yon.
DOW, JONES & CO., Publishers
44 BROAD ST.. NEW YORK
SECOR g& ENGINES
KAjrCFACTCRED BT
MARINE ENGINE & MACHINE CO.
IJo LIBERTY ST.. V V.
WASHINGTON HONOBS GEN. HAWUI.
Plans for Funeral of Ex-Senator Announced
at Hartford. Conn.
Washington, March 23.— Brief funeral «errtces
were held this afternoon over th body cf Genera!
and ex-Senator Joseph R. Haw 1 who died late
Friday night. They consisted simply in the read
ing of the Episcopal prayer fa the <iead by tha
Rev. Dr. Harding, of St. Paul's Episcopal Church.
The services were private, though bi addition to
the family there were present a number of Intimate
friends, Including General Black. General A. W.
Greely. Senators Hansbrough and "tt'airnore. The
honorary pallbearers were Senators Platt and
Bulkeicy, of Connecticut; General John M. Wilson.
and Admiral Van Reypen. Subsequently the bod
was exposed to public view, and a large number
of persona passed before the ccrtHn.
The body will leave here to-morrow for Hart
ford. Conn., in a special car attached to the Colon
ial Express on the- Pennsylvania Railroad. Accom
panying the body will be Mrs Hawley and the
Misses Hawley. Senators Platt ar.a Bulkeley Ad
miral Van Rej n. Major Chark^E. Hooks, jtocr
Seward. both of whom were in General Jlawley*
regiment in the Civil War. and several other inn
mate friends.
Hartford. Conn.. March 19.— The funeral si Gen
eral Joseph R. Hawley will be held in this city
Tuesday. The special car bringing the body Is ex
pected about 5 o'clock Monday afternoon. The
body will be escorted to the State tapHol ojurana
Army veterans, accompanied by ooverror Bom
and Mayor Henney. and will he there in ' _-_-_••
the rotunda until the next afternoon. Tl*e
Assembly gathers at 12:3 d o'clock Tuesday and it
Is expected and practically arranged that i totn
. Houses will immediately go into joint eon ven^a
and will be addressed by Governor Roben^T^
they will adjourn for th- day and all i «>b-bk>
hearings will be postponed and reassisaot^
From the Capitol t: - - -a
the Ist Regimtm. th<»
Putnam Phal.i
Asylum HIU Confreg
will be conducted by the Rev DW^» I? 1^ p.
the Ray. Francis Goodwin and the Bey Vt . . - .*
Parker. The burial, still under military, escort. WJ
be at Cedar Hill Cemetery.
! ■ " ! ~~
"Ornatus et Bonitaa."
The Fashionable Heaftvear
of the Season
for Men and Women.
j Correct Styles. factoid Designs.
179 ft li<»F»tth Ay:.
IS! Broadway. I 307 & 360 « Firth *»■
NesxConlaudt St. | \V indsor Arc.»JA (
*>
■ Room and T If
Boarding houses
Can secure desirable guests
through The New- Yolk
Tribune in connection with
its Free Room and Board
Directory at its Uptown
Office. 1.364 Broadway.
A 16 word ad. in THE TRIBUNE for MB
week. which cost* $1.00. cajnes with it the
privilege of Am Binciu for 14 day* FREE.

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