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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 27, 1905, Image 8

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■YCAOTMT OF MrSTC— »— TM> DarUnr of Use Gods.
* AMERICAN' — B:lf>— Pel*.
"i *EJ-ABCO— -Adr»a
'BIJOU — P:ls— The X!u»lo Matter.
I BROADWAY — 6:J5 — Florodor*.
2— «~ Vaudeville
jjaLT'S—*—Tb» DuchtM ct Danttlc.
£DEX VSEE—World in Wax.
EMPlßE— B— Sherlock Holme*.
GARDEN*— «:2O-The College Widow.
OaRRICK *■ 10— You Never CJm Tell.
Sly Mrs Wig*, of the C.bbare patch.
BET A-"":' PQT KRTB— «:IR— The Worau In the Ct»*,
JrL'D-iON"— E:l«V— The Lady Shore.
TRVTVG PLACE~6:2O— Der F^mlllrctaf.
' ' WNTCKEPHO^KEK— S:ls-Tbe Prlnoo CooMrt. ;
< LEW FTtiSB-8-S:I3-It Happened In Nordl.ad.
JJBERTT-£:l*-Tfce Education cf >Ir. Plpp.
-«TCEUM-S:8(>-Mr», LefflnfrwelV • Boots.
Terepl^s Telegram.
MANHATTAN— f :IS— L**& Kieectaa.
NE^AMJTEnPAM-fi-.IS-A r«iri« nomine*
vni'-voaK B::s— Mr*. BlacV I* Back.
HUXCnSft-iAfr^WlMa "SV« Dead Awake,
t VVOY — P:SS — Abigail
■■nee Widawer ana Pudu. Pan..
0:16— P««y from Paxlr
Index to Advertisements.
Pao.Col-1 Pace. Col.
-atrtTr---'— «« 61 For 8a1e...-- •10 *
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W^SiedKotlS. . -12 6j Spring k H»»U !:::::: H
T>£wesd Notice... ..12 6 Sprtarnesorts 13 3
SjgS?,i,y B ..f^Tio eiWork Wanted 10 &-6
2Veto^afcsaila Saaferaa
MONDAY., MARCH 27, 1906.
1 FOREIGN,— Baron yon Nolken. chief of the
■•■Warsaw police, was seriously injured by a
jTbomb which destroyed his carriage; a preceding
e£sossr a bomb at the police station injured
'•£ iea=s From all parts of Russia come
reports* renewed disorders; the merchant and
jtnanufacturlng closes are Joining the Liberal
party. ===== a store of anna and bombs was
round at Moscow; eight hundred arrests hays
fteen made. ===== A dispatch from Paris said
fSat among Japan's conditions of peace might
ETonedemanding from Russia a. pledge to re
(strict rearmament for a term of years. r~— '
from Hua-Shu Pass said that all was
Cutoton the front. ===== The Japanese are ex
1 W^uS- Saghallen early in April; there
tare said to be about 2.000 troops guarding b.OOO
Convicts on the Island. == It was reported
Brom Shanihsi that Chinese mint officials had
Kade profits of 18.000.000 taels annually by is
'eutng debased copper coins.
DOMESTIC— was officially announced that
too action had been taken on the request of the
'foreign powers that an American citizen should
: *act as customs collector for Santo Domingo.
i. Secretary Morton is hastening home to
Join the Presidential party in its Western trip.
•j a flying machine. Invented by Professor
1 Montgomery, of Santa Clara College. California,
Which uses neither motor nor gas, was success
1 tally tested. == The Plttsburg branch of the
Btorey Cotton company, while not accepting new
business, has not been closed. ====== Lord
Charles Beresford, at Pittsburg. declared that
; ; It was likely that the conflict in the East would
be the last big war. ===== A woman wanted in
Gloversville. N. V.. for alleged arson was ar
rested at Schenectady. == On account of the
warm weather rivers in Northern New-York
almost reached flood conditions; the Hudson was
over the piers at Albany, while an ice gorge
formed in the Mohawk River. ===== There was
a death from diphtheria at the Naval Training
Station, at Newport, R. I. == An ice gorge
formed in the Mohawk River, near Fonda, Is. V.;
the overflowing water has caused many manu
facturing plants to shut down.
CITY/.— Keene, brother of James R.
Keene, was rescued from an early morning fire;
pictures and art objects, worth many thousands
of dollars, were destroyed in his apartments.
[ . ■ a Bayonne fireman confessed that he had
I set many fires, because ha liked to light them.
— a 3d-ave. elevated train butted into a tel
egraph pole guy rope; part of the pole fell,
wrecking the first car of the train. ==a Dedi
cation exercises at the Broadway Tabernacle
came to an end. == It was announced that
Senator Plate's return probably means a re
newal of the old fashioned "Sunday school" at
the Fifth Avenue HoteL === Superintendent
Maxwell. it was learned, will soon report to the
Board of Education on the subject of reducing
principal's assistants to the teaching ranks.
THE WEATHER.— lndications for to-day:
Showers. The temperature yesterday: Highest,
65 degrees; lowest. 43.
The Maryland Court of Appeals has decided
That the franchise amendment to the State con
stitution, which was passed a year ago by both
. houses of the legislature, must be submitted to
: the people, despite the fact that It -was never
presented to the Governor for his approval.
'Governor Warfleld made it known last March,
: after the legislature had adjourned, that he
. would not promulgate the amendment or con
gest to its appearance next November on the
'official ballot. Legal proceedings were brought
to eozcpel him to submit the question to the
Totere. aDd the Court of Appeals has now
; squarely overruled the State administration.
The court by a vote of five to three holds that
the legislature was within its powers In de
clining to submit the proposed amendment to
' the Governor for approval or disapproval, and
It commands him to take the steps necessary
to carry out the legislature's Intentions. The
amendment must go on the official ballot and
the voters must decide whether or not the suf
frage of Maryland shall be "purged" after the
Mississippi and North Carolina method.
Governor Warfleld's position in the contro
versy thus ended has brought him Into violent
antagonism with the managers of the Demo
cratic State machine. He was elected In 1903 I
on a platform which urged the disfranchise-
BMnt of the negro voter. But, though he fa
- - red the elimination of the negro as a factor
- in politics, he proposed to accomplish that ob
ject, if possible, in a fairminded and constitu
tional way. He was willing to approve an
amendment imposing an Illiteracy test, but he
wanted that test to apply impartially to both
white and black illiterates. He did not advise
the use in Maryland of the "grandfather clause"
exemption, under •which white illiterates can
vole without question if they were qualified
voters before January 1, 186&— that is, before
the ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment to
. the federal Constitution— or are lineal descend
ants of such voters. Moreover, the Governor
objected to the loosely defined and practically
arbitrary power* granted to the boards of reg
istration authorized to apply the Illiteracy test.
He foresaw the flagrant abuses which these
-.partisan bodies would inevitably commit If
they -were allowed to Judge without restraint
or appeal the capacity of an applicant for reg
istration to "understand and explain" pome
; technical or mystifying excerpt from the State
V constitution.
The leaders in the legislature persisted In
passing the so-called Toe amendment, embody
ing all the features to ■which the Governor ob
jected. Nor would they give him a chance to
brand the measure with his public disapproval.
The amendment was never presented to him.
; It was filed with the clerk of th» Court of Ap
peals, and a message from the Governor ad
vising the legislature that he expected it to <>(,-
V ■Sim the ordinary legislative forms in dealing
v.-Hh. the suffrage restriction question was
p'tpread on the records of the two houses with
in out comment: or acknowledgment
What effect the Governor's opposition will
hate en the fate of the amendment Is difficult
to guess. If ho takes the stump against the
unconstitutional and extravagantly partisan
scheme of i!f fr:iM«'!i:«i > il)'-:it proposed by the
machine leaders, its defeat would seem to be
assured. Maryland has little or nothing to gain
from a restriction of I ho suffrage. It has a
population over SO per cent white, and the
"negro domination" Is now. as it has always
been, a mere campaign bogle. Possibly some
honest and non-partisan illiteracy test would
be approved by a majority of the present elec
torate. But the Introduction of Mississippi and
North Carolina methods would be a grave po
litical blunder. The roe amendment aims to
throw the control of State elections Into tho
hands of irresponsible partisan election boards.
whose voice is to be final in determining the
rights and qualifications of voters. This would
be a lamentable step backward. The public
welfare is not menaced by the present system
of unrestricted manhood suffrage. Whatever
the faults of that system may be. they are far
more tolerable than the denial of equal rights
and the subversion of popular sovereignty
which are sure to follow the adoption of the
Poe-Gorman model of irresponsible star cham
ber government The Maryland campaign this
year will be cne of vital and far reaching in
terest '
How wonderfully sensitive Tammany has be
come about the dignity of office and the Impro
priety of private assistance In the performance
of public duty! Commissioner McAdoo, who a
few months ago was assuring volunteer agen
cies for the enforcement of law that he would
be glad to have their support, now takes high
ground in defence of exclusive official preroga
tive, saying that he cannot prant special police
powers "to outside agencies to "supervise those
•'whom the people have charged with the execu
"tion of the laws." He sagely observes that if
the constituted authorities fail in the perform
ance of their duties they are liable to punish
ment and removal from oflice, and accordingly
be takes good care that private persons shall not
have power to "supervise" them and be able to
prove that they are not doing their duty.
Dr. Parkhurst somewhat hastily assumes that
Commiseioner McAdoo meant to interfere with
Uis supervision cf police activity and to deprive
him of his Bpeclal policemen, and he indulges in
gome tart revelations of police inefficiency dis
covered by this private supervision which Mr.
McAdoo dislikes. But Dr. Parkhurst might
have saved his nerves. Mr. McAdoo was riot
gunning for him or his special policemen. He
was merely giving an excuse for refusing to let
some men and women doing rescue work in cer
tain East Side dives and lodging houses have
the police badge which would frequently protect
them from Insult and danger. He did it In be
half of Mr. Keating, the Commissioner of Li
censes, who finds the supervision of the Society
for Household Research exceedingly annoying.
It is altogether too zealous, and Interferes, as
Mr. Cleveland once said of the silver tongued
Grady, with his "personal comfort" Without
the aid of special police powers this society has
by its complaints and evidence forced Commis
sioner Keating to do almost everything that he
has done. He would have no peace at all if it
had any more power to put cases "up to" him.
It 6eems odd that Mr. McAdoo should draw
ihe line so strictly right at this point He is not
going to revoke the special police powers of the
agents of private societies already possessing
them. There are many people in town who
have been sworn in as Bpeclal policemen. A
corporation which wants its property guarded
better than the constituted officials will do it
gets a special policeman appointed. This so
ciety wanted the protection of the police badge
for some of its agents whose work of rescue and
research took them Into unpleasant places. It Is
trying to prevent Ignorant immigrant girls from
being sent to immoral resorts, and It is having
a hard time under the License Commissioner's
Interpretation of the law, for when it has forced
him to revoke the license of an employment
agent for acting as a procurer he will then glvo
a license to the man's wife and permit the pro
curer to carry on business In the guise of an em
ploye. Clipping the wings of so pestiferous an
organization and teaching it not to "supersede"
the constituted authorities or disturb their re
pose Is an achievement in which the Police
Commissioner must take pride.
Canada Is somewhat troubled over the dimin
ished American Immigration into the Canadian
Northwest In 1904, compared with that of the
year immediately preceding. In 190102 the
number of Americans who sought homes In
Canada was 26,000; in 1902*03 the number rose
to 49,000, while in 1903- f O4 it dropped to 45,00*.
W. J. White, chief Canadian inspector of Im
migration agencies, has just returned to Ot
tawa from an extended tour In the United
States and, as a result of his observations, pre
dicts that fully 60,000 Americans this year will
cross over the border and become settlers In
Mr. White's prediction may be the result of
careful investigation, and It may also be col
ored by his hopes. Canadians at present are
making special efforts to swell the tide of im
migration from this side of the line, and the
dissemination of somewhat roseate reports as
to agricultural possibilities In Manitoba doubt
less may aid In procuring a result that would
be so satisfactory to our northern neighbor. In
so far as there is a solid basis to these alluring
accounts they will be successful in attracting
American settlers, but it would be a policy of
wisdom as well as of justice to have the facts
tn regard to the lands to be settled fully and
accurately known.
The American farmer usually gets rid of a
"gold brick" as soon as he is made aware of Its
worthlessness. That an exodus from lands
which do not meet expectations would be more
injurious to the development of the Canadian
Northwest than a slower process of settlement
on Its merits does not require argument If the
lands waiting for settlers really are valuable. It
will not take American settlers long to ascer
tain that fact and with the ascertainment will
cease any necessity for exploitation.
The question of secrecy of public business was
recently raised at Washington, in double form.
A call was made upon the President and Secre
tary of State for the diplomatic correspondence
preceding the treaty with Santo Domingo, and
at the same time complaint was made of the
"leaking" and consequent publication of pro
ceedings in the secret sessions of the Senate.
Both are worthy of consideration. Each con
veys some pertinent suggestions. Between the
two, however, there Is a somewhat significant
contrast which will not pass unnoticed.
The desire of the Senate to be informed con
cerning the preliminary negotiations of treaty
making Is not unnatural or unreasonable. It
Is conceivable that In some cases — not, we
think, In the Dominican— a degree of such in
formation would bo necessary for intelligent
guidance in voting upon ratification. In the
Dominican rase all the Information needed, wo
should thlnic, has already long been patent to
the wholo country. In any case, save one so
extraordinary as to be beyond the pale of com
mon consideration, It would seem to be desira
ble for the discretion of the President and
Secretary of State to prevail In determining the
extent of such revelations. Everybody knows
that diplomatic agents at times write things
which it is absolutely necessary they should
write for the Information of their home govern
ments, but which it would be grossly improper to
make public. There are confidential communi
cations In public life. Just as there are in the
business world. A business man who should
liotray every bit of confidential information that
oame to bits -would booh find himself isolated.
It is equally true, as Sonntcr bodfl said recent
ly, that other nations would hesitate and re
fuse to negotiate important treaties with us if
all the confidential corresponilonco relating to
them were liable to be made public. It is not
that there 19 anything corrupt or desperately
wicked in the correspondence. It is simply that
It Is Inappropriate for publication, just na the
conversation which a man and his wife may
have in their own home concerning their neigh
bors, while not in the least malicious, but en
tirely true and fitting- for them there, would bo
quite unsuitable for posting upon the bulletin
These considerations will, doubtless, appeal
the more strongly to the Senate because of the
trouble It has in keeping the proceedings of its '
OWfl executive sessions from publication. Sen
ator Teller i 3 reported as saying that no great
harm would have been done if certain secret
sessions had been freely opened to the public.
That is doubtless true, but It is equally true,
we believe, that there have been transactions
in executive session which could not have
been disclosed without mischievous results,
and which, therefore, ought to have been kept
secret, as they were. Newspapers and the pub
lic do not find fault with the Senate for keep-
Ing such doings private, and no intelligent and
patriotic newspaper would betray such doings
If a report of them came Into its possession.
Similarly, the Senate will doubtless have re- I
gard for the need of secrecy in respect to some
of the doings of the Executive, and will not
seek disclosure of them beyond th© limits which
Executive judgment sets as required by the
public interest. "Government under a blanket"
would be Intolerable, but so would be diplo
macy by town meeting. It would be not only
Intolerable, but impossible.
Contrary to the experience of Chicago and
Buffalo after their expositions. St. Louts, to
quote "The Globe-Democrat," "has a building
"boom, a boom in postal receipts and a business
"boom generally." As one of the incidents of this
booming spirit and the rejuvenation of the city
by the big bridge, a Million Club has been or
ganized, whose object, as its name implies, is to
increase the population of the city to the million
mark, and the time limit set for this accom
plishment Is that of the next decennial census
of the United States. To achieve this aim,
which seems a desirable thing to ambitious
and enterprising St. Louis people, "The Globe-
Democrat" says only two things are necessary:
"Make the advantages of the city known and
make the city worthy of its advantages."
The advice seems sound and practical, and
if acted upon might achieve the desired re
sult. But Is the result— namely, the growth
of the city to enable It to enter the million
clas3— in Itself desirable? It may be conceded
that growth by annexation of suburbs which
are in fact parts of cities may be desirable.
Having a large suburban population, the city
is entitled to such distinction and prestige as
may be derived from annexing these towns and
adding their populations to its own, but it is
rather a new proposition for a city of the size
of St Loula to set about deliberately to in
crease its population, even in the legitimate
way recommended by "The Globe-Democrat."
Why should St Louis or any other city desire
to attract to Itself vast numbers of people and
be so Intent upon gaining a greater population?
The problems of city government as well as
those of individual living become more difficult,
as a rule, in direct ratio to Increase of popula
tion, even when that increase Is the result of
natural, not stimulated, growth. The tendency
cityward is, unfortunately, already too great
In the United States. To Increase this tendency
artificially and by the employment of boom
methods Is a shortsighted policy for a city,
though people having building lots or merchan
dise for sale may profit thereby. The boomer
is a doubtful blessing to any city. He cannot
succeed in his efforts without directing ener
gies and the tide of population Into artificial
and usually temporary channels, to the general
detriment of the country. The present when
every large city Is confronted with, apparently
insoluble problems arising from Its size, Is
especially an inappropriate time for city boom
ing. It is, on the contrary, rather a time for
facilitating the return of surplus city popula
tions to tho country than for devising schemes
to incite a movement in the opposite direction.
Dr. John P. Peters'* criticism of Dr. Hil
precht's books and lectures about the ancient
city of Xlppur cannot fall In the long run to do
good. If there is anything In the latter schol
ar's utterances to provoke a doubt concerning
the reality of the supposed discovery of a
great Babylonian library previously unknown,
the doubt should have publicity. Neither In
archaeology nor any other science can a real
advance be made without frequent challenge
and Independent review of the testimony which
enthusiastic Investigators present In support of
their announcements. Solicited or unsolicited,
such analysis and comment are necessary, and
those who furnish it perform a valuable ser
vice. Final judgment can be rendered only by
experts, and the number of persons qualified to
act may be limited, but these are always as
sisted in reaching a conclusion by free discus
sion. Attention is thus directed to possible
errors, large or small, that might otherwise
have been overlooked.
Dr. Hllprecht is under an obligation to con
sider the Interests of the Institution which sent
him out to the East and with which he is still
connected. In the time and method of his re
sponse he should be governed by the advice of
Its trustees. If, as seems to be the case, he
continues to enjoy their confidence, a resigna
tion and a libel- suit are hardly called for. But
Dr. Hilprecht should recognize that the reputa
tlon of the University of Pennsylvania, as well
as hiß own. Is Involved in the controversy; and
the vindication of both will depend largely on
the character of the statement which Is ex
pected from him.
Dr. Peters makes two complaints. One Is that
four of the ftlght tablets which are cited as
evidence that a great literary storehouse has
been uncovered came from other places, three
of them having been found more than ten years
prior to the alleged discovery. The other criti
cism Is that the four remaining tablets consti
tute a limited basis for so great a claim. If
the first of these charges is well founded, the
fault might have been one of carelessness
rather than of Intention; but even so, It would
discredit the work. The second point Is the
more important, perhaps. No doabt quality
should count much more than quantity; jet the
quality of so small a number of specimens as
eight should be uniuistakable and convincing to
justify the pretence that a whole Hbrary had
been unearthed.
After a week of erratic fluctuations, tha aver
age of the sixty most active railway shar&e
closed decidedly lower, although there was noth
ing in the business situation to check the ad
vance toward higher records. This would seem
to emphasise the impression that has prevailed
for many weeks regarding the professional
character of the market. Sales havo continued
far above normal, with Union Pacifio still a
prominent feature, but it declined far below tho
recent high record. It is hardly reasonable to
attribute the reaction to the money market, for,
while It Is true that, call rates are a little more
expensive, time money appears to be In ample
supply at practically unchanged quotations.
The sharp decline In sterling exchange had a I
sentimental tendency to steady the market, al
though it is not apparent that the Increased
lending of foreign funds, has materially affected
either rates for money or pr|M» of securities.
Announcement of a rendjuatnuT.t of Colorado
Fuel and Iron affairs attracted attention to that
security, and caused it to advance in the face of
a generally ••dining market; but those opera
tions in epeclalties do not reflect any definite
sentiment, nor have they any Influence on other
At last the money market appears to have
teeome established In a position which assures
profitable returns to the banking Institutions,
and it seems probable that interest accounts
for the first half of 1905 will make a very grat
ifying comparison with the corresponding
period, last year. Funds are being transferred
to New-Orleans and some interior points,
while Treasury withdrawals of public funds
have drawn those deposits down to $80,000,000
for the whole country. As was anticipated,
higher rates here and cheaper money In Eu
rope resulted in heavy lending of foreign funds
through the medium of sales of finance bills In
the foreign exchange market. This increased
supply of call monejj did not depress the rate
below 3 per cent, and the bulk of the week's
business was accomplished at a fractionally
higher figure. The relative cheapness of time
money has Increased the proportion of borrow
ing on Stock Exchange collateral for all periods
up to six months, but the most encouraging
event of the week in financial circles was tha
decided increase of borrowing in mercantile
channels. It is a definite indication of expand
ing trade when the supply of commercial paper
Increases; and while this is a seasonable event.
It Is none the less gratifying.
Breaking up of winter always has one draw
back in the harm done by freshets and floods.
In the Pittsburg region many mills were ren
dered idle, throwing thousands of men tem
porarily out of employment, a particularly un
desirable thing at this time, when tha demand
for iron and steel products Is increasing. But
the benefits of higher temperature and bright
sunshine far outweigh any damage in net re
sult in so far as the nation's total business Is
concerned. Buyers are now operating Ireely In
all the markets, jobbing trade expanding rap
idly, and manufacturers are at last realizing
the liberal trade for which they have been
preparing. Work has also been Interrupted to
some extent by small strikes, and tha tem
porary closing of sugar refineries threw several
thousand men out of employment, but these
drawbacks are not of a nature to cause ap
prehension. The protracted controversy in the
building trades seems about "over, and to judge
by the permits Issued It will be a busy season
in structural lines. Contrary to precedent, the
Exposition at St. Louis Is not being followed
by stagnation in the building trades. While
domestic trade expands, foreign commerce is
also well maintained. Imports at New- York and
exports from the Pacific Coast being particu
larly striking: features.
Speculative support has either been with
drawn from the cotton market or else it has
lost vitality. Those who deal in actual cotton,
either as growers, spinners or any of tha Inter
mediate operators, learned a lesson by last
year's unfortunate experience. \t that time
the leading manipulator for high prices had the
sympathy of most of the trade, but the subse
quent demoralization produced a realization of
the advantages of normal and wholesome con
ditions. It Is possible that this attitude has
something to do with the scanty support and
the few friendly comments that this second at
tempt has received. Incidentally, liberal port
receipts are \o: calculated to encourage ad
vanclnar prices, particularly as the coming re
port of th- amount of cotton ginned will give
some definite Indication of the enormous quan
tity still held at the South. Another influence
calculated to cb»*ck enthusiasm waa the nar
row market at Liverpool, which was one of the
principal factors In the recent advance. Ar
tificial conditions also appeared to be growing
less popular In the wheat market, where prices
have declined, not only for the distant months,
but also May deliveries, that should not be af
fected by encouraging reports regarding- the
growing crop.
Bright prospects continue in the leading
manufacturing industry, much business having
materialized during the last week, and most
of the steal millß are assured of activity for
some time to come, while several prominent
manufacturers have entirely withdrawn from
the market. Unprecedented production of coke
and a liberal movement of bituminous coal
testify to the activity at blast furnaces and
steel mills in almost as definite a manner as
would be done by exact statistics of steel ship
ments. Although there is less new business
noted in woollen goods, the mills are busily en
gaged on old orders, and the increased demand
for raw wool indicates that manufacturers'
stocks are getting 1 low. Apparently the erratic
movement in the raw cotton market has not
yet disturbed the primary market for goods,
and the mills report a gradual Improvement in
domestic demand, although the recent vigorous
export buying appears about ended. Shoe
manufacturers have the satisfaction of finding
their position vindicated, procrastinating West
ern buyers being at last compelled to place or
ders at the prices asked by producers.
The president and general manager of the
Hudson River Day Line says a city's water
front Is the "show window to the city." New-
York needs considerable "window dressing" in
this respect.
Russia Is talking about rebuilding her navy.
Japan is actually making formidable additions
to hers, having last week launched two of the
most powerful battleships ever constructed.
The island empire has now a long lead over her
antagonist in the race for naval supremacy,
which it will take at shortest many years to
The Kossuth party after the end of the pres
ent reign In Austria-Hungary will have a hard
task to restrain Itself. For that and many
other reasons It Is to be hoped that Francis
Joseph may be able to retain his vigor for many
a season to come. He has lost his wife by as
sassination, and his son and heir is supposed to
have put himself to death. He has gone
through sorrows of the most grievous sort, and
the prospects of peace and calm in his declining
years do not appear bright. But he bears all
manfully, as becomes one of the most valuable
lives in Europe.
There are some "wooden Indian" department
heads in this town as well as some "wooden
Indian" Congressmen.
There still seems to be reason for careful in
quiry as to the waste of water. If it were pos
sible to prevent such losa. this city would have
no great occasion for alarm and could consider
with cooler deliberation the requirements of the
St. Petersburg, like other capitals, publishes
economic Journals, and one of them of leading
authority says that In many Russian provinces,
notwithstanding the calamities from which thl
country in general is suffering, there Is an un
usual degree of prosperity, it declares that the
financial outlook for the year is good and that
the revenues will be «aslly collected-*, note of
encouragement sure of a home welcome, whether
It turns out to represent the fact or not.
An invalid prints a letter of protest against
the noise made by a coal cart In ridding itself
of Us contents. Thla seems to be a rather finical
complaint. The tumult caused by the un:
Of coal Is brief, and it could not readily st i■re -
vented. It is a fact, however, that a good many
distressing: noises to this city are i»t so easily
The Bronx builder* seem to have been usta*
mortar of the -reasonably **£•" sranulated oar*
life preserver variety.
Tobacconists tell us the strength of * d«ar
depends wholly on the filler, not on the wrapper.
The remark will apply equally well to municipal
government. New-York's municipal cigar has
a light colored wrapper suggestive of a delicate
aroma and a delightful smoke, but the Tam
many filling- Just at present excites nausea
rather than content and a «ena« of munlolpal
Chicago has been having an exhibition of pri
vate street cleaning which put the officials to
shame. A similar enterprise has been much
needed here, not so much to put the department
to shame, as to help It in a weather emergency.
There was a touch of Old World splendor,
beauty and romance in Lisbon's greeting t
Queen Alexandra. The description *f the great
golden galleys pulled by eighty boatr.
scarlet and gold, carrying the King, his suite
and Ministers to meet the royal guest, reads
much like a page from Froissart, and gives a
pleasing touch of color to the news of the day.
One duty of a king and court Is to be pictu
resque, and this at least was achieved by Kirg
Charles In welcoming England's Queen to his
Perhaps Kansas would withdraw its objections
to having Commissioner Garfleld Investigate the
oil business, provided he would write his report
before investigation and give Kansas thu privi
lege of correcting the proofs.
The people of Denmark ara preparing to cele
brate the centenary of Hans Christian Anderaea
with all pomp and ceremony. Ha wai born at
Oder.se on April 2, 1806.
David Rankin, of Tarklo, Mo., according to "The
Indianapolis Newj," Is worth $1,000,000, aU mad© by
farming. Ha owns 23,500 acres In Atchiaon County,
and, being stilt afflicted with the desire to own
more land, had to reach Into Fremont County, lowa,
the other day, when he bought 3,500 acres more.
Rankin never Bells. He employs about three hun
dred persona. These, with their families, make »
population of 1.500.
Colonel Lorenzo Alexis da Clalrmont, chief of
staff to President Cabrera of Guatemala and mili
tary dictator of that country, was a ticket taker in
Denver about a year ago.
James McCardle. of Jamaica. Plain, Mass.. who
will be one hundred years old in June next, has
since 1852 been drawing a pension as a British
soldier at ilxpence a day (or a little more than til
a quarter) for disability.
Mrs. Elizabeth Cass Soddard has been appointed
a deputy sheriff of El Paso County. Col. She Is the
only woman occupying such an office in Colorado,
Sho has the full powers of the office.
John W. Hutchlnson, last of the famous band of
singing Abolitionists, la recovering from a recent
illness that thraatened pneumonia, at his home in
Lynn, Mass.
Senator Menefe<t, of the Oklahoma Legislature,
spent most of his boyhood days among Indiana.
His father died when he was eighteen years old.
and the child was adopted by Fast Runner, a chief
of the Caddos, with whom he lived for about seven
years. In that time he became one of the most ex
pert bareback riders in the Wichita Mountain
D. L. Blngham has been appointed librarian of
Manchester. Mass., for his twenty-fourth year. He
is ninety years old, and the oldest librarian in his
Sir William C. Macltonald, the millionaire to
bacco manufacturer of Montreal, has offered the
Protestant Committee of ths Council of Public In-
Btructlon, of that city, a proposition to endow an
agricultural training college and a college for the
training of school teachers in the sum. of from
$2,000,000 to $4,000,000.
Through the kindness of Mrs. Custer, widow of
General Custer, the distinguished cavalry leader
who lost his life In the Little Big Horn fight, the
"War Department is about to receive the table on
which General Grant wrote the terms of surrender
of General Lee's army at Appomattox Court
House, April 9, 18*55.
Montreal also Is beginning tn talk of a "greater
Montreal." It claims It will have a population of
400,000 if its suburbs are annexed, and the prospects
seem bright for the annexation scheme. Thl» U
the age of big cities, with London and New-Tork
heading the long list.
Insane. Perhaps.— Detective— We found this roaa
actin' suspiciously in Wall Street,
Sergeant— What was he doing?
Detective— Why, he was tryin' to borrer money
on good security fer a legitimate enterprise.— (Puck.
Dr. W. J. Holland, director of the Carnegie
Museum, has gone to London to install in the British
Museum the reproduction of the skeleton of the
diplodocus made by him from the original In the
Carnegie Museum.
His Enemies. — The other morning little Bobby
awoke and told about his wonderful dream.
"I dreamt I went to paradise." related Bobby.
"And who was there?" asked his mother.
"AU good people. Then I dreamt I went to the
other place."
"And who was there, Bobby?"
"Nobody but truant officers and dogcatchers."—
(Chicago News.
To block the plans of the City Railway Company,
which claims a ninety-nine-year franchise In the
streets of Chicago, and also to bottle up the old
company. Mayor Harrison announces that he will
advertise for bidders for the rental of the tracks
In the streets now occupied on sufferance by the
traction company. Other connecting streets will
alto bo thrown open tc the new bidders, and every
thing will be done, apparently, to make the fran
chises of disputed tenure of as little value to their
holders as possible. The Mayor Is now thundering
In the Index; what the outcome will be no one
dares to predict.
At the Junction.— Tramp— Kin I hey free trans
portation, boss?
Conductor— lf you are willing to take a Tie Pass.
The walking- Is good.
Tramp— l ain't no Jap. boss; honest I ain't—(Cin
cinnati Commercial-Tribune.
Jules Verne, in his stories sought to anticipate
science and "the long results of time," and In not
a few notable instances he succeeded. His story
of "Around the World in Eighty Days" seemed al
most Incredible a quarter of a century ago, but
the fictitious record no longer seems wonderful,
now that the actual record has made eighty days
rather slow going for the world enclrcler. His
"Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea" has
also been realized In good part, and In many other
cases facts have caught up to his fiction. Possibly
they will yet catch up to some more.
Henson (bashfully)— May I— er— kiss your baby
Alice (in disgust)— Oh. I suppose so— lf you are too
cowardly to tackle a girl nearer your own size —
(London Tit-Bits.
Abram Brokaw. ploughmaker and wagon maker,
oTßloomington. and said to be the richest exponent
of the simple life In Il'.lnols, died the other day at
the age of ninety-two, leaving a fortune estimated
at between $3,0u0.000 and $1,000,000. Brokaw was
born at Somerset. K. J., and at the age of eighteen
went West to se*k Ms fortune, settled at what is
now Bloomlngton. anl a few years later married a
girl of frugal old American type, who spun, wove
and made her husband's riot ties, and did the other
work of the household, as md hundreds of other
American women of her day. To the last, though
worth millions. Abram Brokaw wore the plain
homemade clothes fashioned for him by his wife,
and even In later years, after they had grown to be'
the wealthiest persons In their part of the State,
the expenses of their frugal household 'did not ex
ceed $400 a year. Beginning life as a blacksmith,
and later making wagons and ploughs in a dingy
little shop, which was never replaced by a factory,
as It would bo under modern conditions. Abrani
Brokaw turned out the best ploughs and wagons
In the State. He had but one price, and could
afford to let customers decide for themselves
whether they- wanted his handiwork or not. as his
reputation furnished him more customers than ho
could supply. Even after his successful real
estate speculations had made him a millionaire
Brokaw found pleasure In his oldtlmo work and
his long established ways of life, and did not vary
from his usual routine.
Tragedlan-I tell you an tors life Is dangerous.
£-? \ el T> 80 » muc . h and ther * ar « Bo man y wrecks.
fr s£l? m \r But iwi l it always easy to aten off tha
track whoa you at* trouble comm«-f-\iio«tjn Foil.
A Reversion to the Play with a Pur*
po*6 — Novelties at Various Theatres.
London, March 15.
Dramatlo motives have suddenly changed.
When the autumn season opened managers wer»
convinced that London playgoers wished to be
amused, so that they could forget for an even-
Ing th« anxieties of business and the distrac
tions of life. At the end of six months they are
equally emphatic In declaring that theatregoers
take their pleasures sadly and Insist upon hay-
Ing some didactic teaching. During the Interval
"The Walls of Jericho." at the Carrick Theatre,
has drawn month after month crowded houses*
successfully rivalling so amusing a farce as Mr.
Jacobs's "Beauty and the Barge" and Mr. Bar
ries comedy of childlike topsyturvydom, "Peter
Pan" ; and. apart from its satire as a comedy of
manners, It has a moral purpose, and Is a vig
orous sermon, directed against the foibles of
smart society. It would be. however, a rash in
ference to conclude from the success of this play
that the public Is weary of inane farce and con
ventional melodrama and has reverted to di
dactic plays. Mr. Sutro himself laughs at tha
Idea that "The Walls of Jericho" is a sermon
ette. and promises his friends that the new play
which he Is writing for Mr. Bourchier will be
something quite different and more dramatic.
What Is perhaps more significant than the draw
ing power of this single drama Is the decline of
musical comedy. There la no lack of it at the
theatres, but the programmes now have to he
changed more frequently and there Is less money
to be made out of frothy entertainments with
musical jingles and topical songs. Experienced
observers like Mr. George Edwardes have been
forecasting for many weeks a public revolt
against musical comedy, and the signs are mul
tiplied that more earnest drama is wanted. Good
drama, of course, cannot be distinctly didactic;
but the playwrights will do better' work if they
are more sincere and earnest, and apparently
this is what audiences wish them to be.
Radical changes cannot be effected at a mo
ment's notice. Theatre seasons have to b*>
planned a long time in advance and contracts
for the production of plays must be carried out,
even if managers suspect that the wind of popu
lar favor has shifted and is blowing from an
other quarter. The new comedy by Mr. Barrls
at the Duke of York's Theatre will be due at
the end of the month, and it is expected with
keen interest, since It will introduce Miss Ellen
Terry as' the mother of a grown-up family, with.
Miss Irene Vanbrugh, Miss Hilda Trevelyan and
Mr. Aubrey Smith In the cast. As Mr. Barrla 13
a law unto himself and neither sets nor follows
styles as a playwright, this Is likely to be an
other Illustration of his whimsical comic spirit.
Mr. Alexander will reappear at the St. James's
Theatre in "John Chilcote. M. P.." as soon as
"Mollintrave on Women" ceases to draw audi
ences, and this event may not be deferred many
we%ks, for, while the philosopher of love delights
the stalls, his humor is above the heads of pit
and galleries. From America Mr. Charles Mc-
Lellan's "Leah Kleschna" Is to be imported by
Mr. Frohman. with Miss Lena Ashwell In Mrs.
Flske's part, and possibly Sir Charles Wynd
ham may appear with her at the New Theatre.
Mr. Forbes Robertson's return to London Is also
announced in Mr. Esmond's "Love and tha
Man." Mr. Otho Stuart has succeeded in re
storing the prestige of tha AdelDbi Theatre by
a remarkably successful production of "Taming
of the Shrew" and "Hamlet," with Mr. H. B. Ir
ving In his father's great part and with a swarm
of Bensonians supporting him. is to be the next
Shakespearian revival. Sir Henry Irvine Is con
valescing rapidly, and his season at Drury Lane
is confidently expected. •
Mr. Tree's production of Mrs. Humphry
"Ward's "Agatha" for a few "repertory perform
ances" at His Majesty's Theatre may be re
garded as a paternal privilege rather than an
artistic function. It has enabled him to bring"
out his daughter. Miss Viola Tree, In an am
bitious part, in which she could show what she
could do as an actress of temperament. In this
respect the play has been quite successful. Miss
Tree has played the part with marked individ
uality of style, genuine power and fine variety.
To the charms of youth and beauty she has
added an extremely sensitive Impersonation of
character, byplay almost as ingenious and nat
ural as her father's and some intense emotional
moments, notably that in which she snatches
the flowers from her lovar's hands and carries
them away with the exclamation that she loves
him but cannot marry him. As this disagreeable
play has been produced in America, It is un
necessary to outline the plot. It Is a thoroughly
morbid drama, with a series of revolting pas
sages, which cause disgust at the moment and
righteous indignation when they are recalled.
If earnest drama is wanted by London audi
ences, as some of the keenest observers of cor
rect drama maintain, it is to be hoped that
"Agatha" will be a warning signal rather than
a guidepost. Apart from an exceedingly un
pleasant plot, the literary style of the play Is
seriously at fault. Mrs. Ward has not mastered
the art of stage conversation, which is quite un
like the dialogue of written fiction. Mr. Treo
himself is to appear In Ibsen's "Enemy of the
People" at one of these weekly repertory per
formances, and at the close of the run of "Much
Ado About Nothing" he will revive "A. Man's
Shadow." a melodrama with one of his strong
est impersonations of character. Mr. Tree is
also planning for April a series of seven Shake
spearian representations.
At the Haymarket Theatre Mr. Cyril Maude
Is now giving a are study of senility in the
Pollchlnelle play, "Everybody's Secret." This 13
a comedian who is constantly changing- his style
and seldom reminds audiences of previous im
personations of character when he takes up a
new part. Not only is the make-up so ingenious
as to give freshness and individuality to the
part of Sir Michael Parkes, but also the car
riage of the body, the movement of the hands,
the intonation of the voice and the byplay of
facial expressions are varied, so as to differ
entiate the performance from his work in other
dramas. Mr. Maude, not content, as some co
medians are. with being himself In everything he
does, seems to efface himself when be is studying
a new character, invents byplay and peculiari
ties of manner to suit it and finds in versatility
a resource tor freshening and broadening; his
stage work. For this reason he is always a de
lightful actor, and certainly he has seldom
seemed more versatile and resourceful than in
this English version of a French play. A pious,
good-natured and affectionate baronet has mar
ried a woman of rank and has felt the narrow-
Ing effect of class distinctions and social con
ventions; and when he discovers that his only
son has been secretly married to a flower girl
for over five years and Is living with her in
humble poverty lie Is momentarily stem and
relentless; but when he visits the little home he
is won over by the prattle of the grandson and
by the unaffected simplicity of his daughter-in
law, yet he is ashamed to tell his own wife how
false he has been to his own principles and to
her own class distinctions. As Lady Parkea has
he/elf been drawn day after day to the flat at
a later hour, but has not had the courage to tell
her husband what she Is doing, there Is a harm
leas little comedy of mystery until it is time tor
the curtain to fall, with the grandson on the
sofa between the doting old people and Nell,
the flower girl, standing behind them. Power is
not wanted for so simple a story. Charm alona
is necessary, and there la an abundance of it
in the acting- of Mr. Maude and Miss Carlotta
AdQlson as the old couple. In the lovely bnyar
eonatfon of the young: wire by Miss Je«ai« Bat*.

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