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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 06, 1905, Image 1

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4 V* r - LXIV N° 21.326.
fgpeaks in Dcnison. Sherman and
Enjoying His Trip.
Dalla*. Tex.. April s.— President Roosevelt Is
Ithe guest of Texas to-night. His special tratn
arrived here over the Missouri. Kansas and
Texas Railroad at 0:20 o'clock. Reception com
fnltt«-es were waiting when the train arrived.
& nd the President was driven through the streets
to a stand near the Oriental Hotel, where he
made an address. The streets were crowded.
»nd the reception given to the President was en
thusiastic After delivering his speech the
President and his party attended a dinner given
fry the citizens of Dallas at the Oriental Hotel.
The train will leave here for Waco. Austin and
Ran Antonio to-morrow morning.
\VVe- the President awoke this morning his
jrein ■*■ traversing Southeastern Kansas, hay-
L-j crowed Missouri in the night. At every sta
tion large and enthusiastic crowds were wait-
Jrg. bent on seeing and hearing Mr. Roosevelt.
j-h* train entered Indian Territory before noon.
and ..real crowds greeted the President at
every clipping place. He made several brief
addrerses, and in the afternoon crossed Into
■ Denison was reached at 3:45 o'clock. Before
itfce arrive! of the train the yards had been
(cleared of cars and work was suspended An
i!aon i>«. crowd had gathered to greet the Presi
dent, who «as standing on the rear platform
Eniilinr J r -d bowing his acknowledgments of th*
♦cheers which greeted him as eooa as thj train
(stopped. a party of school children advanced
tto the plaiform and gave the President a Texaa
tf.&p made of flowers. A card attache! read:
'Tijjuitri by the children of the public schools
a* a welcome to the President to the Stats of
{Texas and the city of Denison." When thj»
krnin Marted * Sherman the President, stand
ing on the pliutorm, waved his hand and smiled
response to repeated cheers.
At one of the largest crowds of the
>. greeted the President. He was escorted to a
*"and where he epoke for fifteen minutes. Can
non boomed and the city was in gala, attire in.
the train maintained its sehed
tole to Dallas. The President was in splendid
*nirits after the long day's ride, and shortly be
fore reaching Dallas said he never felt better in
Sis life.
When Mayor Barry of Dallas finished his
*.3dress at welcome and introduction. Presi
<l<s:t Roosevelt spoke as follows:
Mr Mayor and You. My Fellow Americans:
It has been indoed a pleasure for me to come
to-day within the limits of your mighty and
beautiful Stale. This afternoon I have been
Tawing through a veritable garden of the Lord,
*nd it is only a few weeks since that I did my
rait In helping in the growth here, when I
Firr.ed the bill under which the Trinity River
v.MI be improved. And I was mighty glad to
do it. for I think that we Americans have
3*">rr.e4 th* lespon that whatever is good for
some cf mb Is good for all. And I can. in a
frase claim to be. by blood at least, a typical
President, for I ■m half Southerner, half North
erner. I was born in the East, and have a great
• dV'ai of the West in ray spirit.
Th* Civil War has left us a heritage of honor,
rot merely the memory of mighty deeds done
In It. alike by the men of the North and the
men of tht> South; it has l*ft us as an inspira
tion the v'zy tn which those men. when the war
was through, returned to the callings of peace
and wrought In peace *ucce*s exactly as they
feed wrought it out in war.
The President then told of his previous trip
..to T<?xn*. when he, organized the Rough Rider
tjegiment. Continuing, he said:
• You of the State of Texas have behind you a
liistory containing deecis of which not only you,
bat all the country, must he forever proud. My
,T*>giraent was raised under the walls of that
'historic building of which it was said that Ther
'ijnopylaft had Its messenger of death, but the
'Alamo had rone. I will ask you men of the
Civil War if it is not a fact that as a rule the
' man who was a good soldier was the man who
■did well each day the little things of the day.
Ithe man that you wanted was the man who
(When his business was to dig kitchen s*iks dug
jlhera. Was not that so?
So another word here: I want you men In
Tevas. you men of my age, to see to-day that.
exactly as you lift your heads here by virtue of
- fathers have done, so your children
> hold their heads high because
v have handled yourselves.
: > is dM best of all things for a
nation, if it ppurs that nation on to try to rise
with that memory. It is a poor thing for
U issea the memory of the past to
excuse it for Inaction or failure in the present.
Keep before your selves, ever that the very fact
that you are proud of those who have gone be
it incumbent upon you to leave a
pc of honor to those who are to come after
you. and to train up those who are to come
v can do their work in the
r urging the people to bring up children
with the idea that they must bear hardship, he
-Id you all have been fit for. you
tnen who fought in the Civil War. If you had
been trained up to believe that If you met a
I>er thing was to He down or
;-nd you don't like, do you. for an
ish father— and, I am 6orry to
*ay, iu\ occasionally foolish mother— to bring up
r or the girl on the theory that all that
•Mary is to have An easy time and to
<Jo<3k«- difficulties?
I cannot sufficiently thank you for the way
you have greeted me to-day. I am more
It than I can express, arid I come to
tbe soil of this State, hallowed by the great
4Mds of men — I come knowing your people
• vlng in them. I shall go away
• line. A couple of years ago I went
from the Atlantic to the Pacific. The funda
fact, and a mighty pleasant fact, is that
j r.'.<l the average American, the
n ib a pretty good man. It is
.* divergency, that is the great
t of our national Ufa.
I shall po away a stronger and a better
• i having been in this mighty Com
. of Texas. I thank you."
Tix- Pi f fliiwifa remarks at Denison were as
■ hat a pleasure It is to ,£reet
: rs have passed
I «v last in Texas. At that time I was
■ in raising my regiment, and from
tended to come hack
•st esi»e<ially thank you. Miss
be gift of flowers from the
It was in I>enis«n that the
: •• .1 of Texas was founded, and
;i peculiar right to l>e proud of
Is. It is h Kr**Ht empire State.
• wi «r three greatest States In all the
uHt educate the Texans of the
she is dohig It.
At Fherman President Roosevelt said:
You can have no idea what a pleasure it is to
Jn«* to b* here again. If you are half as glad to
nave me M I am to Ie here we will call it
e'juarf. it is nearly seven years ago that I
came here to take part in raising the regiment.
some of my comrades from which are here to
f^ort me to-day. You who wore the blue and
tbi gray know how close the tie is that bind*
>'cv to the men by whose side you have faced
bullets, lilt whom you have lain in trenches,
whom you have known fatigue and hunger
*n<i thiret and danjrer. I know that In, greeting
fi H of you none of the rest of you will object to
fny csylng that there is a peculiar pleasure to
Hi* In being greeted by the veterans who wore
Coetlniied •■ •rrcatii parr.
withdrawing Florida limited trains
The Palm UrrMed and Florida Special via Penn
•yivanla Railroad will be discontinued after April
»*&d Seaboard Florida Limited after April •.— Advt.
To-rfsy, partly rein.
Tu-niorrow. fair; lirl»\ nortlirivt wind*.
new buildings flax.
Adequate Hospital Equipment for
Care of City Sick.
An effort Is being: ninde by the Department of I
Health to give the city an adequate and modern '
equipment for the care of cases of contagious
diseases, and 1t is planning to spend millions
of dollars for the purpose. At the present time
there Is no place, public or private, in Manhat
tan where a person suffering from measles can
be taken by the Department of Health for iso
lation. There are accommodations for only
sixty diphtheria cases on the island, while there
are reported from eight thousand to ten thou
sand cases annually. Over 7.1 per cent of these
are in the tenement districts, where it is im
possible properly to isolate them. The city, it
is declared, is in no position to fulfil Its duty to
those whom it takes from their homes for pur
poses of isolation. A child taken from its j
mother is not always certain of receiving the
care it would have at home. Wholly inadequate
wooden buildings have been supplied by the
city, in some cases erected only to meet an |
emergency, with the idea that after temporary |
USA' they would be burned. Buildings at the I
Kingston Avenue (Brooklyn) Hospital, which |
were built several years ago with the expecta- j
tion that they would soon be destroyed, are still
In use. The site of this hospital is a depression
in which water sometimes collects to a depth of
several feet. Boats have occasionally been need
ed for communication between the buildings.
The appropriation of a million dollars, secured
by the Health Department a few days ago, will
be used In modernizing the city's hospitals for
contagious diseases. Several buildings will be
opened this year and others are planned. It Is
the Intention of the department to have all the
hospitals of brick and so constructed as to be
fireproof,. They are to be equipped with all \
modern appliances for the treatment of the dis
eases. Among the buildings will be a number
of cottages for the care of patients suffering
from mixed contagions diseases. These are
cases In which the patient is suffering at the
same time from two contagious diseases, such
as diphtheria and scarlet fever.
The execution of the plans of the department
will cost $7,000,000. It is Intended to expend
about $ 1,500.000 In rebuilding the Isolation hos
pital plant in Brooklyn. Two city blocks bound
ed by Albany-aye., Rutland Road. Kingston-aye.
and unopened land have been secured in that
borough. Within a part of this space, which is oc
cupied with temporary buildings that have out
lived their usefulness, will be erected a series
of pavilions for different diseases, several isola
tion cottages for mixed diseases, a morgue, a
disinfecting building, a nurses' home, a boiler
riant, a refrigerating plant and other neces
sary buildings. In the plans a small ' chapel
and a picturesque pool are also Included. The
chapel, if built, will be constructed by private
funds. The pool is intended to solve the. prob
lem of disposing of the waste water which now
occasionally floods the spot, without going to the
expense of filling in all of the low ground. The.
buildings already erected, those under construc
tion, and those soon to be begun will cost about
$500,000. Among these • are a scarlet fever
pavilion, to accommodate eighty adults or one
hundred children, which is nearly completed,
and a measles pavilion of slightly larger size,
which will be begun as soon as the plans can
be prepared and the contracts' let.
In the course of a few months three new build
ings, to cost $703,000, will be opened at the
Willard Parker Hospital. They are a scarlet
fever pavilion, with three hundred beds, costing
$400,000; an administration building, costing
$170,000. and a laboratory for the analysis of
food products and for making bacteriological
examinations, costing $127,000. In the appro
priation of $1,000,000 were included items of
$250,000 for the purchase of a site bounded by
Avenue D, East 16th-st., East lfith-st. and the
East River, adoining the present Willard Par
ker Hospital site, and $100,000 for a boiler
house and coal storage plant for heating the
new buildings. The land is to be used for the
heating plant and for measles and diphtheria
pavilions similar to the scarlet fever pavilion.
Dr. Darlington was unable to secure the money
for these pavilions, so there is no immediate
prospect of having a place to take cases of
measles and diphtheria on the island of Man
On North Brother Island It is intended soon
to begin the erection of a dormitory for the help,
an administration building and storehouse, and
plans are being prepared for a pavilion for tu
berculosis patients. The dormitory is especially
needed, as at the present time the accommoda
tions for the help are so meagre that the beds,
when vacated by the day force, are taken pos
session of by the night force. Two other pavil
ions will be constructed later. The improve
ment* contemplated, which are to be begun im
mediately, will cost about $300,000.
In explaining to the Board of Estimate the
need for additional facilities for caring for cases
of measles, Dr. Darlington said that next spring
an epidemic of measles would be due and that
there would probably be twenty thousand cases.
This prophecy he based on previous experiences.
A year ago, when preparing a chart for the St.
Louli Exposition, to show the number of cases
of measle.» in the city since the consolidation. In
1898. he found that in every other year there
had been an epidemic. It held good throughout
the seven years shown. In IS9B the maximum
number of cases reported in any one month was
about 2.600; in 1*99. 1.700: in 1900, 4,200; in
1001. 1.1W0; In 1002, 3.900; in V.m, 1.750; in
1904, 7,100 (number greatly Increased by the
extremely cold winter); in 1905 (up to April 1).
1.650. It was observed that on the off years
the maximum was reached about May 1. or
June 1, so the maximum for this year has proba
bly not been reached. In the epidemic years the
maximum was reached about March 1 or .April
1. Dr. Darlington says, so far as he knows,
this recurrence of the disease in alternate years
has never been observed before.
Suffering from Bronchial Pneumonia
— Recovery Expected.
Washington. Conn.. April .*».— Senator Orville
H. Platt Is 1U at his summer home here, suffer
ing from an attack of bronchial pneumoniii. He
is under the care of Dr. W. J Ford, the family
physician, and Dr. Ik-lafleld, <f Yew-York. has
also visited him. This afternoon his condition
was reported as showing improvement, and it
was l-elleved that the worst of the attack was
Senator Platt took a severe cold at the funeral
of Senator Hawley, two weeks ago in Hartford.
The day was cold and stormy, and Mr. Platt
suffered from exposure, as he stood with bared
head at the grave. The r.-ork of the special ses
sion of the Senate in Washington also told on
him. so that he was peculiarly susceptible to II!
nes?. In the la?t few days the trouble Increased
In intensity, but It was said to-day that th>>
chances of recovery were good, particularly In
view of the Senator's strong constitution. Dr.
Ford made the following statement to-night:
Senator Platt was taken very sick last Fri
day. His temperature to-day, however, was
normal, and. unless something unforeseen oc
curs, 1 s«*e no reason why he should not get well.
The Senator had a severe attack of grip ana
bronchitis, with a slight area of pneumoiii:i.
The trouble in his chest has cleared up consid
erably, and the patient Is naturally weak, but
everything looks favorable toward recovery.
Stands Firmly for Protection of All
Nation* 3 Trade Interests.
Washington, April B. — Germany has outlined
to the Pmted States in clear and emphatic
terms the position taken by the Borlir. govern
ment in regard to Morocco. On the receipt of
instructions this morning from Berlin. Baron
yon Sternburg, the German Ambassador, called
at the War Department on Secretary Taft, who
has been designated by the President as the
Cabinet officer with whom the Ambassadors
should confer, and, in the name of the German
Emperor, left with the Secretary a brief memo
randum settinir forth the Moroccan policy which
Germany hns all along pursued and from which
she does n>>t propose to b» swerved. In sub
stance, the memorandum, which is framed in the
most explicit language, announces that:
Germany stands for the open door in Mo
rocco no less firmly than in the Far East, for
the preservation of the Moroccan status quo and
for the safeguarding and protection of the com
mercial and trade interests in Morocco, not only
of Germany, but of all the trading nations of
the world.
After presenting the memorandum the Secre
tary and the Ambassador l.ad a brief conver
sation on the subject of Morocco, Baron yon
Sternburg calling attention to the commercial
importance of that country to the trading na
tions and emphasizing: the International Im
portance, in Germany's opinion, of the preserva
tion there of the open door. The Secretary
thanked the Ambassador for his explicit state
ment of the German policy and promptly for
warded the memorandum to President Roose
Secretary Taft. while expressing great inter
est in the Emperor's views, refrained from com
mitting this government on the subject, nor did
the Ambassador in any way endeavor to sound
him as to the President's attitude. There is no
request in the German note for a statement of
the Washington government's position, and one
reason for its presentation to-day was the cir
culation in Europe of sensational reports about
the German Emperor's visit to Tangier and the
German attitude toward Morocco.
Although France is not mentioned In the mem
orandum, it can be said that Germany regrets
that she was not officially advised of the new po
sition in Morocco contemplated by Great Britain
and France, which was later disclosed in the
treaty signed last spring by which the London
government deferred to the superior interest of
France in Morocco Germany holds that her in
terests in Morocco are in every respect equal to
those of Great, Britain, and the establishment
by any power there of a special sphere of influ
ence would be deplored in Berlin.
Regarding the Emperor's visit to Tangier, al
though It was in the line of his cruise in the
Mediterranean, the object of his address was, it
can he said on high authority, to Impress the
Moroccans with the seriousness of Germany's
desire that the status quo should be maintained
and that the principle of the open door, laid
down by Secretary Hay with reference to China,
should be strictly adhered to in Morocco.
In diplomatic circles the significance of Ger
many's frank avowal at Washington of her
views about Morocco is not underestimated, and
the incident has attracted all the more attention
because of its occurrence on the day on which
the Washington government officially disclosed
the part taken by Emperor William in the ex
thanges of the powers last year regarding Chi
nese neutrality In the Far Eastern war. Some
diplomats believe the object of the German rep
resfntatlons at this time is to evoke from Wash
ington a similar avowal of adherence to the open
door policy in Morocco.
Although Secretary Taft was not so informed,
nor does the memorandum indicate it. it is be
lieved here that a similar statement of Ger
many's views may havo l.een addressed to St.
Petersburg and Madrid.
No official statement of the German position
is obtainable at the German Embassy here, in
view of the fact that President Roosevelt has
scarcely had the time to consider the memo
Germany Desires International Con
ference to Settle Moroccan Question.
Berlin. April T.. The German government,
would be pleased to see the Moroccan question
settled by an international conference. The
Foreign Office hap not proposed this to the pow
ers, but It Is inquiring at other capitals whether
such a plan would be received favorably. There
is nothi.iß Here to indicate that France and
Great Britain would agree to it.
April S. via Pennsylvania Railroad- Rate. 110 or
$11 covers two days hotel board. »•**■»» front
hotels at til rate.-AdvU • }
Coroner's Jury Blames Unknown
Persons for Mine Disaster.
Zeipler, 111., April 5. — Afterdamp, due to an
explosion of blasting powder, set off by persons
as yet unknown, caused the death of forty-three
miners at Joseph Letter's coal mine on Monday.
April 3, according to the verdict of a coroner's
jury, as returned to-day.
Coroner J. M. Adams, of Franklin County. Im
panelled a jury to Investigate the deaths of the
miners killed by a double explosion at Leiter's
Zeiglrr mine the next day after the explosion.
After two days' inquiry the verdict was returned
to-day. The verdict declares that the mine was
in safe condition for working purposes as far as
gas was concerned on April ."?.
Freight Train Took X. Y. Central
Switch Opened by Miscreants.
An open switch on the West Side branch of the
New-York Central and Hudson River Railroad
line was opener] by some one yesterday just
before the "Dolly Varden" made its first trip.
An "extra" train of three cars and a locomotive
took the misplaced switch and ran on a siding
In the yards of the American Lumber Company.
at llth-nve. and . r .Rth-st. Tb« engineer of the
"extra" stopped his train before it reached a
big fence in llth-ave.. ran his train back to
the switch and set it properly in time tq allow
tho "Dolly Varden." with fiOO or fiOft passengers*,
to pas? in safety a minute or so later.
The police do not believe that a deliberate
effort was made to wreck the "Dolly Varden,"
l>ut that a gnni; of youug hoodlums, not know
ing that the passenger train was due. opened
the switch, expecting to see a freight smash.
The railroad company ask^fi Police Commis
sioner McAfloo that additional police protection
be given the company's West Side property.
All stations on the Weat Side of the city were
told to send additional policemen through the
yards of the company on the West Side, and
to arrest any one found in the yards not an
employe of the company.
Laborer Goes With Them— Hose
Revives Him— Only Cut.
Charles Dielman, twenty-one years old. a labor
er, of No. 3.» West 30th-st.. narrowly escaped
being killed late yesterday when the fresh con
crete flooring of the new thirteen-story apartment
house at Central Park West and S9lh-st. gave
way with him and he fell with it from the
eighth to the third floor. There he rolled out
out of the debris and a hose was turned on him.
When the dirt had been washed from him it
was found that he had been cut about the head.
All the floors of the new building have been
laid with fireproof concrete. The contractor. E.
C. Fuller, of No. 88 Herklmer-st.. Brooklyn,
stated that the moisture caused by the rainfall
made the concrete soggy.
Dielman was on the eighth floor with others
handling a bag of cement when the floor gave
way with him. He fell through every floor,
the flooring giving way as he struck it. until he
reached the third. Five or six hundred pounds
of concrete dropDed with him.
There workmen pulled Dielman from the heap
of debris. He was breathing with difficulty.
His mouth, nose and eyes had been filled with
the muddy mixture through which he had fallen.
An ambulance took him to the J. Hood Wright
When tht- police examined the building they
found that the grirders or. the third floor were
sagging near the spot where the floor had given
way. The Buildings Department was informed
of this. T/ie house is being built for Peter
Banner, a commission merchant, of No. 648
Manitoba's Charges Refuted by the
Canadian Premier.
Ottawa. April s.— ln the House of Commons
this evening Sir Wilfrid Laurier gave an abso
lute rind categorical denial to the charges made
against him by the government of Manitoba
that he had been a party to negotiations with
the Papal Abl'egate to Canada respecting the
proposed extension of Manitoba's boundaries.
The Premier said that If the Pope's representa
tive made to the Manitoba deputation a propo
sition to see that they should have an exten
sion of territory if they restored the separate
schools system he did so without the sanction
or knowledge of the government. The Premier
also denied .that he had broken engagements
with the deputation, and declared that his final
decision was given three days before the depu
tation returned home. The Premier went over
the whole ground of the boundary negotiations
from the tim» when the Mac Donald government
denied the request in ISB4 up to the present.
After all, USHER'S, the Scutch that mads the
highball famous, it is the beat-Advc
Hundreds, Barred from Westminster
Election, Threaten in Rain.
Following recent troubles between the Rev.
James Lloyd Lee. paster of the Westminster
Presbyterian Church, in West 2?>d-st.. and his
followers and an apparently equal number of
dissenting parishioners, a climax was reached
last night, when, in spite of the severe storm,
hundreds of both factions assembled at the
church to hold the annual elections for deacons
elders and trustees. Hundreds, barred, stood in
the rain. These declared that only those sup
porting the pastor were admitted.
A roundsman and seven policemen were re
quired to preserve order. ,
It was asserted that women were present who
had not attended service in years, and that chil
dren were there by scores, who had been brought
from boarding schools and colleges, some of
them many miles from New-York. Practically
every member of he congregation, whether a
member of the church or not. who could get to
the church was there.
There were two meetings. Th» first was to
elect deacons and members* of the board of
ruling filers. At this meeting only members of
the church could vote. The second meeting was
to elect trustees for 1905. and here any one who
attended the church regularly and contributed
toward its support could vote. Within the last
few months five dfacors ha.v» been removed by
Dr. Lee and his friends. They are Walter
Findlay, James Johnson, .Matthew Galbraith.
John W. Stanley and F. Gustave Kindlun. Their
friends wished to fill their vacancies.
Dr. F. a. Carpenter, who was barred from the
meetings, said that every one outside was in
good standing. Mr. Galbraith. one of the ousted
deacons, went to the vestry door and demanded
to be admitted. He denounced the pastor and
shouted his denunciations. The police inter
fered. Four adherents of the pastor were sta
tioned at the vestry and main entrances. They
had long lists of those to be barred. These lists,
it was said, included the "145" who had de
manded the pastor's removal and many others.
When these arrived, in carriages and afoot, they
were not allowed to enter. The opposition had
placed a ticket in the Held, but. it was declared,
there was no chance for any one to vote for it.
None of its supporters could get in. This ticket
Deacons- Join W. Powell. J. Edgar Powell
and Donald Ross.
Ruling elders- John T. Stanley. Frederick A.
Carpenter and Thomas Hanna.
Trustees — John R. Buchanan. John W. Stan
ley and Thomas Hanna.
The opposition said that Mr. Lee's scheme w*s
to get control of the ruling hoards so that he
could do as he wished in the church. Talk of
selling the church was even hinted at, at the
hands of Mr. Lee. Th« church h';s nine ekiers.
Three are to be elected every year. Mr. I***!
scheme, the opposition said, was to elect six
elders, instead of three, thus making the board
twelve, instead of nine. Then he woujd have the
ruling power in the board. Then, it was said.
Mr. I-.ee would put a motion that the elders be
substituted for the board of trustee.*, and this
would he the final straw whereby the opposition
would he beaten.
It was said that a friend of Mr. Lee named
Stanton presided at the opening meeting inside.
He was charged with allowing no chance what
ever for a few of the opposition who wt*re not Ofl
the lists and had gained entrance to do any
thing. Several attempts were made by the oppo
sition to oppose motions, but they were said to
have beer, ignored.
Mrs. John D. Cluss. whose husband was re
cently removed as an elder by a decision of
Justice Truax, and who had not attended the
church for a long time, last night drove there
in her carriage. Admission was refused her,
and she was one of the loudest In denouncing
the pastor.
When the llrst telephone message for reserves
was received at the West itfKh-st. station by
Sergeant Ttmms he paid no attention to it. At
intervals of about fifteen minutes three other
demands came. Captain Daly sent three men
and a roundsman. Soon afterward the barred
members began to flock to the station and to
denounce the pastor and ask for his arrest for
holding the church against the members Tha
captain held that the fact that Mr Lee "held
the fort" was not a police matter. But the de
mands for more police became so insistent that
four more men were sent.
About U:3O o'clock there was a crowd of
about 300 persons, many of them women and
children. In front of the church. Someone sug
gested that the heavy gates at the ma n en
trance be torn do.vn. the four guards pushed
aside and an entrance forced. Some of the hot
headed ones started to do so. but cooler head*
and the police, as seconders, prevented any such
The result of the election was that the board
of trusteea was done away with and the elders
vested with its powers. The pastor's salary
was increased $•"■*> by his own request, and a
vote of confidence was passed in him and the
officers of the church.
Cannot be excelled for the »*clt •
H T Dewey & Sons Co.. 133 Fulton St.. New Tori.
Xeic-York Protests Did Not Di»
turb the Rural Member*.
Albany. April s.— After seven hours of d»bat«.
In which Democratic opposition was mingled
with Republican protest, the assembly passed
the two tax bills, one fixing a tax of $2 on every
transfer of one hundred shares of stock, and the
other a five mill tax on all new mortgages, by
party votes of 04 to 47. and ft" to S3. Seldom
in the history of the legislature has the power
of party caucus been so strongly shown, and of
all the Republican assemblymen from New-York
City and Brooklyn, only Assemblyman Hartman.
of the lfith New-York District, lifted his vote*
in anything like emphatic protest against th«
bills, and then back?rf it by his vote, his action
being greeted with derisive *»ers that nearly
drowned his voice.
Hartman and Cotton, of Brooklyn. wer» th~
only Republicans that voted against the stock
tax. and Pendry. of Brooklyn, and Moreland. of
Chemung, Joined them in voting against the
mortgage tax.
"I came here to represent -my constituent".
They wanted me to vote against this Mortgage
Tax bill, which lays an additional burden on the •
poor and the thrifty." pleaded Hartman. "I
have laid awak- nights thinking of what !
ought to do, but I have decided to vote against
the bills and represent my constituents." Then.
amid derisive hooting* and catcalls, he sat down,
only the Democrats applauding this revolt from
a party caucus.
"The Republican party Has gone on a tax Jag."
declared Assemblyman Pendry. of Brooklyn,
who stood out against the caucus rule on th#
mortgage tax proposition.
The fight on these bills will long be remem
bered in legislative annals. From It o'clock
until 6 the debate continued, and, at Its dM
the Assembly Chamber doors were- closed. The
members were not permitted to leave the cham
ber, and absent members were brought back.
so that of the 140 members but three were, not
recorded. The Democratic opposition, save on
the part of Tompklns and Salomon, of New-
York, and Fuller, of Brooklyn, was based on
party lines. These Democrats discussed In de
tail the effect of th* bill, and even their party
opponents listened with attention to their pre
dictions. But it was from the New-York Coun
ty Republicans, together with Assemblyman
Wainwright. of Westchester. that the strong
est protest came. Fresh from a talk with the*
Governor, mention of which Is made in another
column. these members stood up In
turn and told of the effect the bills would have,
on the Republican party of New- York City ami
upon themselves. Assemblyman Prentice
summed up this position. "I have opposed the**
bills." said he, passionately. "I went Into th»
caucus and fought them there. I believe- they
are wrong in principle and that they will do
great harm to the Republican party In New-
York. It is easy for you men up-State to vote,
for these bills; they are- rot hurting your dis
tricts. If they were hurting you half as much,
you would stand here protesting with me. You
are driving th» Republicans of New-York City
from the party: you are destroying the chance
I believe we had of electing a Republican
Mayor; you are doing Republicans of New-
York City a harm they will not soon recover
from. I believe these bills are wrong and that
♦ hey are unjust." Then Mr. Prentice voted for
the bills.
"I protest against these bills" said Mr. Agnew
Just before he voted for both of them, "they are
unwise and as detrimental to our party as bill*
well could be. The stock tax will soon be a dead
letter and the mortgage tax will bear heavily
upon the poor borrowers."
"I vote aye." said Assemblyman Wainwrtght
[ of Westchester, in the same funereal tones,
1 "with the firm conviction that they win be re
pealed at the next session."
"I have heard from 2JSOO of my constituents."*
explained Assemblyman Stanley, pointing to •.
pile of postal cards on his desk. "I am voting
for these bills against their expressed v.'isbe*.
j "The legislators of Pennsylvania or Massa
chusetts representing the Interests of Boston
and Philadelphia are the ones that ought to pas=»
such a bill against New-York State; we ar»
legislating against our own interests," derlarcl
Assemblyman Fuller. Democrat, of Brooklyn.
•■Of all outrageous tax bills these are the worst. *
"Let us ii»it provide a stamp tax for sboa
shines to be gently but firmly affixed to tha
soles of shoes." suggested Salomon, Democrat,
of New- York.
"The fruit of this stock tax should be rotten
to the core." declared Assemblyman Tompkins.
of New-York. "There is no m in saying th«
1 bill can be carried to its extremity; It can't.
! The butketshop will still survive. It will placo
■ check on Industrial enterprise; it will drive
( wealth out of the State: it will send business
from Wall Street to other States; it will put the
room trader out of business."
•These bills deal a serious blow at business
Interests In York." said Assemblyman
Wainwright. "The Republicans went Into that
caucus with a mistaken sense of party fealty.
and now they are bound to vote for these bills.
Up-Stat* Republicans have not been trapped
this way; they stayed out of canal caucuses.
Just whM we have been winning Republican
victories and the prop for electing a Republican
Mayor in New-York you deal our hopes this
death blow." Then he voted for the bills.
The heavy artillery of the up-State Republican
party was unlimbered. and on Rogers. Wade and
Hooker fell the burden of the argument for th»
bills. On Mr. Hooker, as the champion of mort
gage taxation, the burden of the task fell. Hs
contended that the borrower would not pay th«
mortgage tax. declared that the burden of taxa
tion upon real estate had been greatly Increased
by exemptions of personal property and esti
mated that under the new law the real estate in
New York. City would save $20,000,000 annually
after live yearn, and that rents would be re
duced. He declared that the cry that New York
City would remain Democratic was the familiar
gong once raised against the Raines liquor law.
Assemblyman Wade, defending the same WIT.
declared that Its purpose was to reach a class of
property, which In many localities escaped tax
ation, declaring that he believed that a small
annual tax would popularise this class of secur
ity and benefit both lender and borrower.
"Human ingenuity Is too frail to suggest »
form of taxation that will not rouse opposition."
he concluded.
Majority leader Rogers Indorsed the Mils. In
dorsed the legislature for passing them, and de
clared that Governor Htggins would be trium
phantly re-elected.
After the debate the doors were closed and
the roll call began. This consumed an hour
and a half, as members rose to explain their
vote In great numbers. But throughout t*ss
proceedings there was none of the excitement
that sometimes attends legislative aritim— ss .
Til* wools situation centred in fits protaat at

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