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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 14, 1905, Image 11

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TENEMENT MOTHERS.
Dai/ Xurscries and Pensions to
Lighten Their Burdens.
That tho tendency of the day nursery of the
future will be to develop the activities of a social
6*itlement with resident workers under the charge
ot a matron who * hall be a composite of the trained
burse, the trained Settlement worker and the bora
lover of children was shown clearly at yesterday*
conference of the Federation of Day Nurseries at
Sherry's.
Dr. Leo K. FrankeJ, of tbe United Hebrew Charl
t>a, struck the keynote of this feeling, which
seemed to grow and define Itself as the conference
wore on. in the opening addresa, in which ho
characterized the day nursery as a "necessary
•vll." a "
ABNORMAL. CONDITION.
- a poor family to be revolutionized at th*
death of dst bread winner —the jnother going out to
work and the younger children being placed In a
day nursery— is abnormal. In ninety-nine out of
one bundrvd cases the mother is the best day
nursery a child can have.
"I contend that the only thins to do under these
Conditions is to five the raother enough of a pen
elon to keep her family together. I plead for a
system of pensions. But If we BMUt have day nur
series, let them be made to resemble as closely
as possible the homes that have been broken up.
Don't develop the day nursery into an Institution,
I am optimistic enough to believe that the time will
come when every block or large tenement house
will have its own day nursery.
•'And let us not stop with day nurseries. Let us
have eight nurseries. Day nurseries ought to be
• social centre In their neighborhoods, like Settle
ments."
PENSION THE WIDOW.
In reply to a query from Miss Plngree, of Boston,
as to whether pensions would not have a pauperis
ing effect on their recipients. Dr. Frankel answered
positively:
"You car/t pay the rent with anything? tout money.
r/t buy food with anything but money. In
-c of a widow or a deserted wife with three
I claim chat no one has any right
:hlng: frum that woman except
.rc.V.y. The State should recognise
Be.**
"^Ve ought to take oft our hats and present arms
to the tenement house mother." said Mrs. Vladimir
Birakhovitch. head worker at Greenwich House, in
discussing "The Responsibility of the Nurseries
Toward the Mothers." ** The more I see of her the
nacre I marvel at her. The tenement mothers who
rome to our Settlement look fifteen year* older than
the workers at the Settlment, although la many In
stances they are really younger. They work too
longj they work too hard; they are not having a
{rood time. The men have their pleasures; the
young people have something 1 don* for them. But
th* cot hers?"
GIVB THEM FRESH AIR.
Mrs. 6imkhovltch went on to define th* nursery's
responsibilities to the mother a* including fresh.
air end pood food tor her child.
"The etreets are not so bleak as they're painted."
»he eaid. "and I often think a child Is better oft
In the «?'treet than In the day nursery or Settle
ment, for there is air there. And I do want to
protest agalr^t making the «lay nursery child an
experiment station In food or the receptacle of th*
heterogeneous donation* that drift Into day nurs
eries. Great care should be exercised «n looking-
Into the mi* supply and In bringing about continu
ity between the life and food of the child at home
and In the r.urEery. There ought to be a great
<l«al more friendly visiting In connection with all
such Institutions than there is"
••Friendly visitors, like poets, are bom. not
made " put !n Mrs. W. 1. Nichols, of Brooklyn. "It
takes exactly as much savoir falre to enter a tere
mer.t house frracefully as one of your friends
two***. You wouldn't, so to your friend** houses
■piles* you were Invited. "Well, I don't believe In
visiting in the tenements unless you are invited and
knew you are welcome."
MOTHERS KILL BABIES.
Mrs. <iarlln Spencer emphasized the educational
value of day nursery work. "I believe the Justifica
tion of the day nursery rests solely on Its educa
tional tide. "What do we want to do? To prevent
the holocaust of babies. How la it the list of dead
tables Is to long? Because their mothers kill them.
They kill them before they are born, they kill them
when they ere Infants aid When they're a little
older. The <i*y nursery must give them a ntand
ard Every mother knows she can't drop her
baby out of a. three story window, but she doesn't
know that she must not feed it on stale milk or
put It In the came bed with two adults. She needs
a standard. I believe one day nursery with a
standard would effect more In this bij* wilderness
of a city than fifty of th» oidlnary kind."
Reports and a symposium on district nursing In
relation to clay nurseries occupied the afternoon
e^ssion The federation voted to join the National
Co nJerer.ee of Charities and r»»-elected Its entire
roster of officers, as follows: President, Mrs. Ar
thur M- Docee, New- York: flirt vice-president. Mrs.
fj. C. Dudley, Chi<~3Ro: s<»cond vice-president. Mrs.
%V v Frazier Philadelphia; corresponding secre
tary, Mrs. W. I. Nichols. Brooklyn; recording secre
tary and treasurer. Miss Frances C. Sturgis, Boa
ton.
A SEAMAN'S PALACE.
3Teur-York Society Hopes to Establish One
like That in London.
Members and friends of the Seamen's Benefit
Society, that met yesterday afternoon at the home
of Sirs. Fr^erie J. »• Peyster. No. 533 Madison
eve, **re told that it will be only a Question of
time before New-York possesses a mission that
will correspond with the Seaman's Palace of Lon
don. The Bar. A. R. ilansneld. superintendent of
ISM Proteetar.t Episcopal Church Missionary Soci
ety for Seamen In the City and Port of New-York.
made the ttaiemtnt. In the course of an Illustrated
talk about the work of the mission boat Sentinel.
Nothing definite has yet been done toward carry-
Ing- out this plan, but Dr. Mansfield has hopes for
the t.-eax future.
The Seaman's Palace In London ls a magnificent
Institution, under royal patronage, where seamen,
both officers and men, can secure comfortable
quarters and iUI the conveniences of a well ap
pointed club. , . ■V
After the lecture tea was served. Among those
rrtstr.t tvere Mrs. Grenvllle TVinthrop. Mies Catha
rine 1/everich. Mrs. de Neufville. Miss de Neuf
ville MU--S Julia. I>clafl<»ld. Mrs. John H. Benjamin.
Miss Dorothea Kane, Miss Caroline White. Miss
J'oulke, Miss Cornelia Detkman, Mrs. John Castles
and Miss i>Jlih IloUlns.
TO RESTRICT IMMIGRATION.
-', - ... . .- ■
A somewhat new view of the Immigration prob
m was advanced at the Woman's West End Re
publican Club yesterday afternoon when that sub
ject was ucder discussion.
. > ' " arked Mrs. Harriet Os
■ :nou«ly rich people go over
nd sjwnd their money
like water? ls It any winder that people there
ii country where money s*ems to
&m Helena Secor TonJ*s, thought
WHAT IS THERE
IX IT?
. Srott s Emulsion is a careful blend
of the purest cod liver oil, hypophos
phites of lime and soda, glycerine and
a dash of flavoring. The combina
tion of these valuable ingredients
emulsified as in Scott's Emulsion rep
resents the greatest remedy yet dis
covered for weak lungs. |»oor blood,
low vitality, child weakness and all
wasting diseases. "'
rOOTT & i;u'.V;.'K. «* Four! ji.»»i, Htm York.
*ha>t the law requiring immigrants to have a eer
tam amount of cash in their pockets was not very
atrictly enforced. She had gone to an agent, she
•aid. with a story about some alleged relatives
*hose passage she wished to pay, and when Ehe
asked how much money ehe should send them, had
been told that if she would Just buy the tickets
•X^P'tning else would be all right.
ii»T f c wa * unanimously in favor of restricted
TOffligration, and decided to have a petition ready
~ P^*aent to Congress when the subject come* up
at the next session.
THE COUNCIL OF WOMEN.
Officers Elected — Strong Anti-
Polygamy Resolutions Adopted.
[PROM THE TUJBCNE BUREAU-]
Washington. April 18.— The National Council of
■Women opened this morning's session by electing
officers for the next three years. Mrs. Mary Wood
Swift was re-elected national president. She is now
filling- out the unexplred term of Mrs. Tod Helmuth,
who resigned about a year ago. In accepting the
presidency. Mrs. Swift said that she had expected
to go home free from bondage, but would do the
best she could for the council. Mrs. Kate Waller
Bcrrett. of Alexandria, Va., was re-elected national
senior vice-president. Mrs. Belinda S. Bailey, of
California, was chosen corresponding secretary:
Mrs. Frances E. Burns, of Michigan, first recording
secretary, and Mrs. Isabella Qulnlan. second record
lag secretary.
The anti-polygamy resolutions produced some ex
citement. A. determined effort was made to keep
them back, but. In answer to demands from all
parts of the hall. Miss Sadie American, delegate
from the Society of Jewish Women, said that as the
resolutions were on the business programme for the
morning Mrs. Elizabeth Grannls, as chairman of
the committee on resolutions, should present them.
Mrs. Grannis was not ready to do bo. and endeav
ored to prevent immediate action. The demand be
came Insistent, however. The council took a vote,
and Mrs. Grannls finally yielded. These- resolutions
strongly oppose "the seating or the holding of a
seat In our National Congress by any man who may
practise or subscribe to polygamy.- and they were
so heartily Indorsed that when the vote was taken
there were only three who protested.
Mrs. Pauline Stmem objected to the resolutions.
6he said she was not In favor of persecuting any
one for his religion. She also called attention to
the two Mormon organizations that are members
of the National Council and have done their part
In Its rood work. To adopt the resolutions, she
saM. would practically be to serve notice on them
to leave the council.
Mrs. Manchester said she was president of the
executive council when the two Mormon organiza
tions of women came to the council. She did not
know Just how they got in, but they did. When
delegates from these Mormon organizations ap
peared and they were asked as to how they got in
the reply was that they were "rich" and would
help the council.
Miss Anthony emphatically opposed the Introduc
tion of politics In th« resolutions. She said that.
as women were not voters in the majority of the
States, she r"j,i not believe they had a right to
dictate to the voters, to Congress or to the State
legislatures.
Mrs. Bewail objected to hurting the feelings of
any one of the affiliated organizations. "We did
not accept these societies as Mormons." she added.
"They came In as literary and philanthropic soci
eties."
At to-night's sessions Mrs. May Wright Bewail
addressed the council on "The Spirit of Interna
tionalism." end Mrs. Wllloughby Cummings spoke
of "Our International Relations."
When Edwin Markham appeared on the platform
last night to read his poem. "The Man With the
Hoe," he explained' that the poem was never In
tended to represent the laboring class, as a body,
but that part of It which has been the object of
Industrial oppression.
As coon as he retired the Rev. Anna Howard
Shaw took his place, and by way of preface to her
address said: "There Is one shape which ls more
terrible than The Man With the Hoe,' and that
ls the wife of the man with the hoe." In dis
cussing the right of women to equality with man,
she said: "Women are beginning to decide for
themselves and to decide what God called them
Into being for. They will no longer take the word
of any one. They believe in. an open sesame be
tween the heart of woman and the motherhood of
God. This they believed in receiving directly with
out the help of any middlemen. Last year. In
Berlin, it was shown that they are thinking and
feeling their way toward the light. They took up
a new propaganda, that of political and civil
rights for their kind, thereby to bring all
women to Miss Anthony's position. In church,
society education. home government. they
are asking nothing more. We desire to
secure the same rights given to men In any country,
and here especially, for there Is not a country in
Europe which does not give a greater credit to Its
women As for me. I would rather be a free woman
In hell than a bond clave in Heaven! It is said that
women should rear more children, but I say that
you must first make your country fit to rear chil
dren In The idea that, no matter what an Intelli
gent woman may do for the race, the degraded
mother is greater, la a lot of sentimental gush. It's
all tommyrot. Motherhood is noble — as noble
as fatherhood. If motherhood is ignoble. It is quite
as Ignoble as fatherhood. To make cither noble there
must be nobility of character. Our penitentiaries
and jails are full already. The inmates are there
because we have talked about the responsibilities of
motherhood and forgotten about the responsibilities
of fatherhood. Children are not bo bad as the man
and woman who gave them their bad blood. We
need to make this world safe for children. To do so
we must give tnem a sooial heredity, so that they
will be born In safe conditions and protected until
rrown Thin cannot be until women have rights In
the State to protect them. We must have city
mothers as well as city fathers. We deelre suffrage
£lb a means to an end." council that when she be-
Mi«« Anthony told the council that when she be
gan to speak, fifty-five years ago there was not
fven a woman's society in the Church. In ISSB there
were, fifty-seven national organizations of women
affiliated "with the National Council.
PEACE CIRCLE TO MEET.
At a meeting- yesterday of the Woman's Peace Cir
cle of the City of New- York, it was decided to hold
a mass meeting on May 18. in Madison Square
Theatre.
STIIJ. WEAR AIGRETTES.
Sensibilities of Women as Dull as
Ever Regarding the Heron.
In the name of humanity, of womanliness, of
motherhood, we ask women to refuse to wear the
Serene and to Influxes others to do so. Let it
ruft be paid that women were responsible for the
S«ln«ion in America of one of its most beautiful
feathered inhabitants. MAY RILE! k «.ith
feathered Inhabitants. MAY HIL.KI bMIIH.
"The practice of killing white herons for aigrettes
is going on now in Florida, as It was years ago."
William Dutcher. president of the National Associa
tion of Audubon Societies. Bald yesterday in a
epeech at the annual meeting of the Audubon So
ciety of the State of New-York, at the American
Museum of Natural History. "This city is the
great centre for the distribution 6? heron plumage."
be continued,, "and if we could stop the trade here
we would do ■ great deal to protect our birds."
Mr. Dutcher told of his work at Albany during
the l;ii=t year for the bills to prohibit shooting of
birds from January 1 to April ■'•. and to prohibit
aliens from carrying firearms, both of which went
through successfully, an.l (or the bill prohibiting
the sale of aigrettes, arnica was defeated.
"An insidious bill is now before the Senate," he
said, "which asks for an on*n season from March
1 until April 15. It stands more chance of passing
than did the former bill dealing with shooting
rights, becsuse It does not Bdl '•■> fo long a sea
son, but the time it has chosen is .luring the very
height of the migratory season, when the birds
should never 1* touched."
Miss Emma H. Lock* secretary and treasmer
of the New-York tiuite society, reported eleven
new local secretaries during the year and a t.al
ojjce of over ITuu on hand. Th« most important
ovent since the last annual meeting was the in
corporation or the society in November, im. ,
lnthe absence of Morris K. Jfs"P. president of
th. Au.'.ubon Society o f the State of N * A "*" rk
Mr Uutcher rr..?i.1t.3. and tli« (ol\owins boartiof
director.. »a«. reflected: Morris K. S» l »?A"4 I Si2
.Hun . *»•*
Ulan <i- <'ook. M'ss Ewna H. l' o '*" l^' $£'
Ottv* Thorn.- Milter^ Mru. May HUcy Smttn. Mrs.
Msi>H-O&B"«'J J. a. Alien. **^;*&s>£
nan. \viMhim Dutcher. Henry van Pykf. ■*>• &-•
WUH»S> T « Uornadiiy and Frederick Fe*«r» oa »
STOW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. • FRIDAY. APfflL U. ffflo.
"OUR UNCLE SAM."
''Vague Loyalty*' Compared tvith
Feeling for Other Countries.
Uncle Sam. the familiar personification of the
United States of America, furnishes a fair Index of
the way in which the average American regards
the land of his birth or his adoption, according to
Dr. Talcott Williams, who yesterday afternoon ad
dressed a special meeting of the City History Club
Inline Berkeley Lyceum.
"The Frenchman, -when called upon to respond to
the toast in honor of his native land, pictures to
himself a feminine figure." Dr. Williams said, "and
glows with enthusiasm for La Belle France. The
German speaks of his fatherland with mingled
affection and that respect for paternal authority
which Is never entirely absent from the German
conception of government. The mind of the Briton
turns to bis mother country with the love born, to
a . great extent, of a wonderful reign animated by
the spirit of a great woman. But tbe American—
the American speaks of Uncle Sam. If he has any
feeling o f affection for this abstraction It Is a very
mild one. Any idea of paternal authority Is even
more slight, and probably no one ever thought of
an American administration mothering any one.
"We think of Uncle Sam as a benevolent rela
tive who has a mild feeling of affection for his
nephews and nieces, but, like other uncles, expects
them to hustle for themselves. Ho gives us a
Christmas present once in a while— river and har
bor bills, to make water flow in some place where
nature never intended that it should— but In gen
eral he doesn't expect any one to look to him for
guidance and support, and the last thing he would
expect would be immediate and unquestioning obe
dience.
"Along with this feeling for Uncle Sam goes a
cousinly feeling for his nephews and nieces, and a
readiness to welcome new cousins, provided they
exhibit a capacity to hustle for themselves, though
we have now come to the point where there Is a
serious doubt as to how many new cousins it is
wise to receive."
From these conclusions Dr. Williams led up to
the value of the work of the City History Club. The
loyalty?' V^yl ??, m thln £ mor than this "vague
EMS l^ry^^ui'lsfe JUSt ' U h W rk "
•Vhen wi I « 1 £? 1m?1 m?i hat ..L he 11 5 ttart a r ls ¥"**•" *»
great m^n ZZ m l ei wltn , the consciousness of thi
and when 110 have walked through her streets,
we will S. W 2 Eft civic and national consciousness
not rv!i\»ffa a clvlc and *Jonal conscience. It is
a?e wTirn/^"'/* 61 * °f dwellings that men
all their Jf, xr *** wome n »° f «>t in mourning
eWuon* ds£*d $£* ¥,f n , onl y do th '» «<* « ldeal-an
from £, n J\ -?? S * id . eaJa and emotions do not come
n^°, wledge- but they do come from the cele
w? m.?«? J?" cr at past * rhUt ls the education which
5-k ÜBt &lye to our nelr apparent."
ak£? rowing * was presided over by Mrs. Robert
Httu £!T d ? nt of the City History Club, and some
« I* ii 5195 19 «£ rom city history classes In Public
"MyOt^s o?fhe™° *"* ° New Yor k" •»*
nR T ' v. rank B « en K>lley. superintendent of the
City History Club, and Bernard S. Deutsch. on»
or its graduates, made short addresses, and William
Alexander Hoy suggesu-d plans for the preservation
of the milestones that have Just been placed In the
custody of the club by the borough president, John
CiCi oarn 'i * Ir - Hoy thought that organizations of
children might be formed in each district for this
purpose, and he was sure that they would ™t»r+ as
good guardians aa the policemen had been.
GOOD CHEER.
Bat* you bad a. kindness shown
Pa*i It on.
'Twu not riven for you aloae—
Put It on.
Let It travel down the yean,
Lot It wipe another's tear*. 1
nil In h*ar«n the deed appears.
THE DAILY THOUGHT.
At times the needle of my nature point* toward
the country. On that side everything is poetry.
I wander over field and forest, and through me
runs a glad current of feeling that Is like a clear
brook across the meadows of May^-KJames Lane
Allen.
MONET RECEIVED.
Mies Minnie Kellogg, of Ohio, who has been
spending the winter In Alabama, has sent C to help
pay postage on Easter greetings; Mrs. Lucy C.
Booth, of Massachusetts, $1. as Initiation fee to the
T. S. S.. and Mrs. C. T. Ramedell. of Manhattan.
50 cents as dues, which will be accepted as initia
tion fee for a new member in Bermuda.
NEW BRANCH.
A new junior branch has been formed at Locust
Valley, Long Island, by Marianna Dlckson. who
will act as president. The otner officers are Sara
Appleby, vice-president: Marguerite Lorenz. sec
retary and Rose Lorenz, treasurer. Other mem
bers are Helen Nelson: Edna Webb. Bessie Turner,
f'lalr Rouse. Josephine Lotting and Emily Smith.
These young Sun6hlners are enthusiastic to do
Funny work, and promise some special help every
week.
GOOD WORKERS.
Mrs. Josephine Robinson, president of the United
Branch, T. B. S., of Brooklyn and Mrs. Nichols, a
member of the executive board, called at the gen
eral office on Wednesday to plan arrangements for
the summer Sunshine work of the branch. The
members of this branch can always be counted on
to do generous deeds In behalf of others. The
trollfv jiarties for poor children appeal to them, and
thf-y will co-operate with the general society In
the outing work for the cominp season. Mrs.
Robinson took a list of Mind members to whom
Easter greetings will be sent.
SI*NSHINE CORRESPONDENCE.
Miss Myrtle Moore, of BuH. Tex., would be
pleased to correspond with some of the Sunshine
members.
Luclle Adams, daughter of the Tola, Vs., presi
dent, will be glad to receive letters from some of
the. Sunshine girls about her own age. She will be
twelve years old on June 3.
WHO WOULD LIKE THESE?
An invalid member In Buffalo, N. V., writes:
I have a large card album filled with bright
pretty pictures, a quantity of cards for another
album. l»esldes picture frames and pieces for patch
work' also a quantity of other things that I
would be slad to "pass on." but do not feel that I
ran nay the erpreosage. Perhaps some one might
want them who would be willing to pay express
age.
DISTRIBUTION.
The distributions of cheer by express, mall and
parcel post during the week were many rays of
helpful cheer to members in Maine, New-Hamp
shire. Connecticut. Rhode Island New-Jersey. Penn
sylvania, Virginia, North Carolina. Florida. Mon
nTTeiaa t, New-York State. Manhattan and
Brooklyn branches and individual members.
TO "PASS ON."
Mrs. G W Marlor. of Neve-Jersey, has sent an
express box filled with articles of clothing, among
which was a sweater for the orphan boy in Con
necticut, and which was forwarded at once. The
pretty summer drees will please a Southern
woman, and th* remnant, of new materials will
help "be quUtmakers. Miss Llndsley, of Washing
h.ip tne Q has contributed sheets of picture souve
ton, P. C.. for children to cut out. When a one
nlr postals { or « h r t hey can be e«n to any part
cent stamp Is affixed V he£ can of j^^ Unw
of VJi.. Friend In , Flatbush." a box of "Easter
came from • Friends inf , He dges. of Connectl
chickSvS^er r caVd^ and l booklets from E. S. G of
rl&kSn 1 and a Sol of silk and velvet pieces from
Y. i... p.. 'of Brooklyn.
RIVERSIDE DAY NURSERY.
r^ . the year 1904. 11.3 M children have been
D "f for fn the Riverside Day Nursery. No. m
west «d-st . according to the annual report re
cently publtehed. Besides providing food, care and
kindergarten for those of the requisite age.
a S2^SeeUn«a nave been held, thirty-two chil
mothers me *- "',"»..• hv three nurses, were sent to
dr*n. accompanied by inreo ai>d seventy cnildreu
the country '"L .* had a day's outing. Th* Rev.
5f d V 1V 1 Evartson Cobb is president of the board of
Henry Everu.on <- « Robert S. Mac Arthur U hon
trustees and Mrs- «° D execuUve committee: Mrs.
V l^^ fih fand. president: Mrs. Charles Buck, vice-
Andrew Shllano. pn-j* - Klock recording secr>
presid.-nt Mr*- *" „.- Terhune eorrespondTr*- sec
refarv: and Slr^Orlando P. Herman, treasurer.
MRS. &EY GOES ABROAD.
m . M . ir . i, H-v. of this city, sailed yesterday
. ™n nn the steamer Republic, of the White Star
n n e f,r .^t ana recuperation abroad. Mrs. Dey
LdnP ' ' direeWs of the Society for the Relief of
is » re \..f' e i, V|, 1S society for forty years has
?°° r ,mtoW Rood "i a mort.st.'qulet way during thi
bydieirlbuHng SUM and other as
sistanee to poor widows.
_
, ■ i. ««ms to -me I've seen used before. your
rf-uiifliter sinffiiig lessons.
MR. ROCKEFELLER'S Gil 1>
SOME DIVERSE OPINIONS.
A Broad View of the Work of the
Standard Oil for the World.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Bo many ministers, college presldenta and
professors whose nostrils are oversensitive to the
odor of Standard Oil have written profusely, un-
Juatly and. generally, weakly. I cannot refrain from
showing the better ride of the aubject— the one
our Saviour would have given first consideration.
That my motives may not be misjudged I will
state I am not financially or otherwise Interested
In the Standard Oil Company, so what I may say
la uninfluenced by other motives than to fire the
"truer * and the gifts of It* president and his as
sociates fair consideration.
I remember well the conditions existing when
that company was formed, oil being refined by hun
dreds of individuals In various parts of the coun
try. Downer's oil. of Boston, being In the Eastern
States the most popular and safe. Explosions and
horrid death*, as well aa big losses, by nre were
frequent occurrences; prices ranged from 35 cents a
gallon upward, as I recall. The Rockefellers, with
that rare foresight and regard for public safety
which has since marked their business manage
ment, conceived the idea of refining oil to a safe
and uniform, degree, or standard (hence tha name),
so the people would know it was the same at all
times and the best that could be made. Of course,
they soon learned to use It and would buy no other.
Moses, when he marshalled the hosts of Israel to
lead them out of Egypt, was no more an Instrument
In the hands of the Lord than was this company
(or the Rockefellers) In providing for the nations
of the earth the beet light, or than was Andrew
Carnegie In revolutionizing the making of steel to
benefit all mankind.
That they made vast fortunes was an Incident In
the way God has led them. They may have erred.
Who with lees cares has not? "Let him that is
without sin among you cast the first stone." These
holy men are casting stones because this company
took rebates on their freight charges. The charge
was doubtless true at one time; it was also true of
general shippers, and at that time ministers were,
and perhaps now are. riding on rebate or half
fare tickets. But is rebate the only or main source
of their vaat fortunes? Let us follow the early
history of this great trust a little further. The
waste of these many refineries was conducted to
the nearest ravines or water that would receive it.
Boston Harbor was so polluted by It that a ship
could not cast anchor without being fouled with
pitch, or "tar." as It was called, and the legislature
was called upon to stop Us pollution. Freight cars
wero then loaded with expensive barrels, made
worthless for other use p.fter once being filled with
oil. The cars were so polluted by the odor as to
unfit them for transporting many kinds of farm
products; country merchants suffered in like man
ner, their own and adjacent property being en
dangered by storing the barrels. Oil cars and
pipe lines were substituted, throwing out of busi
ness thousands of coopers, who naturally have since
cursed the Standard OH Company.
Kvery waste has been utilized In making some by
product. In doing so vast profits have resulted.
Economies have been adopted enabling the Standard
Oil Company to suppl" the civilized world with the
best oil at less than one-third of the price of the
promiscuous, unsafe oil nn the market ■when the
standard was rirst fixed. Since then the people ha.ye
wanted it and no other has been in flemand. Thus
virtue had Its own reward, the magnitude of which
was probably never dreamed of by any stockholder
of the Standard Oil Cbmnai.y We must. In Justice,
keep in mind the fact that the purpose of doing
business is to secure a profit. When larger increase
has resulted than the demand of an expanding busi
negs requires, surplus Investments, charity, public
good and private gratification naturally come to the
mind of him who has so prospered. No men have
ever lived ■who have In their lifetime been so broad
and bountiful In their provision for their fellow men
as John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie. I am
sorry to add. no men have ever been so weakly and
unjustly criticised.
They have partners, many of whom have con
tributed to make this glorious land blossom like the
rose, which possibly may do as much good for future
generations as they would have done had they de
voted their lives as missionaries from their several
churches, teaching the poor heathen as many
different ways to Heaven. But these partners are
not attacked by these Pharisees, though their
wealth has lta origin from the same fountain. They
are many of them honored, as they should be. by
the churches and ministers and all who know them
intimately. None are perfect, but many are good.
How appropriate are the words of tha Master to
these critics: "Why beholdest thou the mote that
1b In thy brother's eye, but percelveth not the beam
that is in thy own eye?" JOHN B. REYNOLJD9,
Member of the Congregational Church for forty
years.
New-Haven. Conn., April 8, 1306.
ROCKEFELLER THE CHRISTIAN HAH.
Tribute by a Congregational Pastor in
Connecticut.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: In the early spring of 1903 Mr. Rockefeller
and his family came to one of the smaller mountain
resorts, and I was brought, accidentally, into a
week of close contact with him. It was In the
month of May. The wild viburnum was In blossom
on the mountain. The season had not opened yet.
and I was the only guest at the hotel, and by
sufferance I knew the proprietor, who, with his
family, was making ready for the opening.
Word came to my friend, the proprietor, that
John D. Rockefeller and his family would like to
occupy the place for a week or two. and occupy It
alone, to the exclusion of other guests. This was
because of the nervous breakdown of one of his
daughters. So terms were made and the family
a rrtvad
Th» proprietor Introduced me to Mr. Rockefeller,
and the latter took me in to see his family. We
took long walks together, and soon I was asked
to leave the- private table and apartments of the
proprietor and Join Mr. Rockefeller's family as their
guest These facts are related to show how un
planned the meeting had been.
But It led, on my part, to certain fixed impres
sions of the man and his family life which all the
reflections cast upon his character, before and
since, have never been able to change or efface.
I was sharing, for the time, the kindly Intimacy
of a Christian household, and the man of the
household was, as he should be. the leader in this.
Having the house entirely to themselves, there was
a freedom which ordinary hotel life would not have
permitted. Each morning after the breakfast there
were family prayers, with reading from the Bible.
As a minister, with an experience in many charges,
one comes to know something of this function. Of
the observance In this particular family I can say
that none in any place ever Impressed me more
with its loving earnestness and simplicity. The
entire atmosphere of the family life was the atmos
phere of love.
One feature of the morning prayers made a deeD
Impression. As they rose from their knees each
child greeted the father and mother with a ki?R.
and then the members of the family, one after the
other, held out the hand to those of us who were
guests. The greeting of the father and mother with
a kiss after prayers had been the pretty custom in
ray own early English home, and I was able the
better to feel the beauty of it. Mr. Rockefeller and
I had many opportunities for conversation, and
these talks were more often than not upon matters
of religion. After more than twenty-five years of
contact with Christian reality and its counterfeit
pretence, I know, if I know anything at all of
such matters, that I was talking with a sincerely
Christian man.
While there Mr. Rockefeller went to the city for
a day. On his return he told me that he had
sought at the house for his son, then quite a youth.
They told him his son was at the church teaching
an evening class of young men. There the father
sought him out. and In speaking to me of it after
ward said : "Mr. Hutchina, I woujd rather have my
son filling such a part as that than to see him
sitting king upon a throne."
From those days to this one I have never seen
Mr Rockefeller again, and have had no intercourse
with him otherwise. I have read much of what
has been written about him and his connection with
the Standard Oil Company.
I realize the incongruity of tho situation, and
lament it. 1 have heard a man and a minister of
Mr. Rockefeller's own denomination tell things re
flecting upon Mr. Rockefeller's moral character, and
claiming that he had positive proofs of their truth
fulness. But I have not believed, and do not be
lieve Mr Rockefeller Is anything less than the sin
cerely Christian man which I found him to be
during* that week of unsought and accidental per
sonal contact.
The question will arise how to reconcile the pri
vate Christian character with the larger public
dealings In the world of finance. And It is a serious
one I put the question to him In more than one
of our conversations, and could give his answer
if that were my object. They were not satisfactory
to m« They were to him. But I make no attempt
at reconciliation, either to satisfy my own mind or
the minds of others. I simply bear witness to th*
lasting impression of Christian character and pin
cerltv which that Intercourse made upon me. Much
Is being said In Justification of th» acceptance of
Mr Rockefeller's gift to the American Board, and
much also against it. But all is being n*l<l M
though the moral badness of Mr. Rockefeller were
an established fact, of which badness his money
does or does not partake.
Mv present contention is quite apart ■from the one
at common issue. From a iiense of Justice to the
man himself I have been led to write this. Good
men and my brethren In the Christian ministry are
pronouncing condemnation upon him. i bear this
testimony In his personal defence, not condoning
the corporate a£ts of violence with which Mr.
RoekefeW I* officially connected, and for which.
In mv own mind, be must stand according to his
share in them, responsible I •till believe that he
«oes not deserve tbe wholesale calumny vaioa
Is betas; cast upon him. and Is Innocent ot to
tended wrong. It Is easy to -sit In the seat of
Judgment against our fellows, bat If the One greater
than us all were here and the On* better than oar
best. I believe we should hear Htm saying to some
of as In our own zeal for righteousness: "II ye
had known what this meaneth. I desire mercy and
not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned th*
guiltless." JOHN HTTCHIXfJt
Paster Congregational Church.
LJtchfleld. Conn., April 11. 1806.
THE VIEWS OF A MERE LAYMAN
Best Use to Which Money Can Be Pat i
To the Editor of Th* Tribune.
Sir: Solomon was a wise man. a kins;, a good j
ruler and a rich man. He was not. according to ,
American Ideas of morals, a good man. But I Im- '
agine that bis wisdom, which was God given,
and his riches, which his wisdom helped him ac
quire, were as acceptable to his Creator as they j
would have been If be had toiled and spun to get [
his wisdom. I hay© spent almost half a century on \
this mundane sphere and have met and known '
many so-called "good" people, people who have [
honestly tried to make the world better by their :
living in It— ministers included— lam free to j
say there ls not one who had such a high stand- ■
ard of virtue and self-abnegation and Gladden hon- '
esty that it would deter him from using brains. I
embracing the same opportunity and <*oing th* -
had come Vhim. the ESS " tn " S * a^alUes]
wJ^ 6 {? not a 'aborer. a striker, in this "get-
R^iffi£.. CO vUntlT-"v Untl T-" wno would n «>t do as John D
ODD^Aun^ hh h M done - had **• bralnß - ability and !
tK« 7 a^ cn i glven , to him - Such men have !
taKnes^to b?n.£ m 2 st always the desire and will- I
tafked^f oflw '?' the ace , or o *B* 8 - a»d the much
thTsUht 2? er J? misal on» is Just as acceptable in i
card ,lwf U ** 0 " 111 *» money made or go;.
li?« L"?*' pr £* Pa™" °- raffling at fafra
declar! th m n i S terS who * et Iar *« salaries honestly i
oend tor £J bey earn •« they receive as a•* i
deflled *™iK. n S *1 - How much DUr » an un- '
now^£h* 1On J?. 0 they Drea ch? How many stripes. !
oSve^iv' T cv " ln * for Christ's sake, do they nT I
wiuTthem t« How many «° out takln S »° scrip
It w2SS I * P£«ach '* rl3t crucified
teri 'had r«« O i 22? ■ rlsl as »' these good mlnis
feTfer to kn i Ve .H a ncOl> check from Mr. Rocke
udsaM nth a l, they had "kept the chins*"
not some of £ c? Bat « aP">PO3a P">PO3 of giving, why 4.
Sstanc m to f «^i" Jr «enerous rich men offer as
would b« ah? . worthy young man or woman who
world if th " k°^° »omethi D worth while in the
start with had * Ultle «pltal tesl*» talent to
tof^a v^t h» " y lt l **» 'elf-reliant and proceed
i^Li^ M wlth '"terest in a few years.
Mount Vernon. April 7. ICC6. R. A. E.
GUTS TO THE AMEBICAN BOABD
What Can Be Done to Aid Those in the
Greatest Heed of Help in Armenia.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The wisdom of accepting 00,000 from th*
head of the Standard Oil Company is being dis
cussed from various points of view. Some see It a*
from a corrupted source, that it ls the profits of ex
tortion; that its acceptance makes the American
board abettors of evil, lowering the correct standard
of right things. Assuming that the large weight of
public opinion is correct as to the methods and re
sults of the Standard Oil Company. Is th* board
estopped from takin* the gift? it comes from an
Individual who has not fettered the offer with con
ditions, save that they accord with the charitable
designs of the board. Its acceptance does not com
mit the board or any one from taking such action
In their capacity of citizens of the United States in
opposition to the methods of the business of the
Standard Oil Company as they may choose. It is
only fair to give credit to the maker of the offer
that his motive was to. advance the usefulness of
the work of the board and express his harmony
with the work, and not that it was to purchase
alienee or non-action.
There are conditions of modern business In the
way of mergers and trusts affecting the disposition
of wealth so obtained which aie destructive of the
interests of the people. The Increase of wasteful
luxury Is not wholesome. The tendency to grasp
wealth and power is to reduce rapidly the number
of small proprietorships, which Is appalling, as It
Prevents the personal activities In all forms of busi
ness life; reducing the majority of th* people to th*
ranks of clerks and laborers and reduces the useful
ness of the citizen by hindering the development
which comes with ownership or business, and to re
ceiving the training which came in the past, when
owners of little capital built up a locai business
which was a benefit to the locality, and so the coun
try developed men and women in thousands of
places whose fidelity to the local interests was
patriotic and stimulating. It is surely more valua
ble to the nation that there should be 500.000 such
units of business than that the same business be
concentrated In the hands of 10.000 companies who
absorb these smaller activities, and have neither In
terest nor care for the claims of localities. The re
sults desired are unrestrained acquisition of wealth
from the choicest of all of its sources. The tenden
cies are to unbalance the rightful accumulations of
labor, and mass Its resulting profits in a few central
depositories of money.
It is true that a high standard of business meth
ods has developed; old fashioned, easy going ways
are swept away; example has been set of the most
careful saving of much that was formerly wasted;
science applied has multiplied the values of all
products. The common people have comforts and
luxuries unknown and unattainable a century ago.
But man is mortal; his mental powers are not
controlled by love of his Creator or of his fellows
always. Here we have a large number, rapidly
Increasing, who multiply houses for their own use,
one in some large city, one on the seashore, another
In the mountains, another in California; a steam
yacht which is not a toy, a palace car; possess an
automobile worth thousands of dollars, and cloth
ing and jewelry absorb large sums. These things
are common to saint and sinner all over the coun
try, and such conditions are a strong stimulant for
all to obtain the same as fast as prosperity admits.
It may be that these evidences of power and
wealth so absorb the minds and hearts that the
sense of self-denial is lost In large degree, and in
this way the long established channels of benevo- j
lence find their supplies are restricted and the
work well rooted cannot grow as is desirable. The
American Board of Missions has a work of a cen
tury in foreign fields. A part of this is in and about
Turkey. During the last twenty-five years the peo
ple of Armenia have suffered cruel persecutions
from Turkish influences. The diplomacy of £2og
lai.il. France. Germany and the United States has
failed to prevent the most cruel atrocities,* which
often occur. We see a paragraph In the paper that
fifteen Armenian villages were destroyed. This
means that Kurdish soldiers from a hundred miles
away have killed most of the men and many of
the women and have committed unspeakable
crimes. Scores of children have been carried into
slavery or scattered in the fields. Household
wealth of every sort has been carried off and the
villages effaced. Multiply these «cts by destruc
tion of large areas of land, its victims by thou
sands. The rescue of such children that have come
to the missions is a work which has been accepted
cheerfully, and many children and older persons
have been cared for and taught to study and work.
The cost of maintaining a child In comfort for a
year is $26. There are large numbers of such chil
dren whom the mission cannot receive or aid. See
ing that the fortunate of this country are not
moved to give sufficient help, who shall give it?
They are a. race of industrious, temperate, home
loving people, of good vitality ana a pure blood.
Should a high sense of honor forbid to accept
large money to help these needy ones? There
seem to be no conditions from the donor to prevent
It. and he might desire to aid in it. as it is an hon
ored and useful part of the work. It need not be
thought that in this It is—
To spoil the spoiler while w* may,
And from the robber re nd th« prey.
Vast and frequent gifts have come from the
wealthy of late years, but these people have had
rather scant recognition.
If other?, moved with indignation at the recep
tion of this gift, shall largely Increase their own
gifts hereafter in order to avoid any need of re
ceiving such gifts. it may have doubly a useful
purpose. JAMES ROBT.
Berlin. Conn.. April 4. 1906.
A VOICE IN OPPOSITION.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The "pastor emeritus. Pilgrim Church. New-
York." falls all over himself In thanking, applaud
ing and doing honor to th« wealthy man whose
kindness and generosity caused him I* help the
American Board In its extremity. "For all have
been praying and calling eagerly upon men of
wealth." and through the munificence of the one
in question these "petitions have been answered."
It is Just here that the pastor treads upon the
ground of the protesting New - England clergymen,
and of Dr. Gladden. Dr. Gladden expressly states
that he speaks for his own personality, and not
ns the Moderator of the National Congregational
Council but his sentiments on this question should
make him the mouthpiece of th* who!* Christian
Church. „ .
What if called money cannot in itself become
tainted, and it la foolish to -talk about "tainted
money." But when a Christian oiganlzatlon *«
cepts' a widely heralded contribution from any
Colds Are Cosily
unle.s yon take Male's Honey ol Horc
hound and Tar. the standard ExoiZy
remedy tor cougha colds and throat mita
iktn. Droggiatt.
Pike's Toothache Drop Cv»C u» in Os* Msmlb.
persoa nototlot^ly sows to aar* scut. . a
tare* fortune by Itesslng out those oaad^ang
a smaller business, such an orfanlamttamT by *
dote?, places) Itself under obligations Is tfcs «lc>nor.
condones th* ■Tmsjosiin. and renders It a*c-««ary
f o? _l 1 l? "Jf^etF If not to bow down berora him. v
least to thank htm profusely, and to do htm what
the world calls honor. It may be that tin small
Crcentasres of large fortune* given to charity and
to assist hi the "Lord's work" act a* a balm to «B
consciences of tbe givers: If so. what they call con
science Is not th* moral sense, toot a fear dat a
supernatural power, having been ofloaoML will
brtn» them to ludgment unless Its aasjar la ap-
P«aseA If so. their religion is a mere superstition,
and so Is th* religion of all those who pray tar ajad
are willing to accept such contribution* ■. O. rt .
i-Jew-Ytrk. April XL. IOCS.
MR. ROCKEFELLER'S fIOOuOOO GIFT.
To th* Cdltor of Th* Tribune.
Sir: Whatever may be a Just erlttetam at
Standard Oil methods, this Is certain; all Mr.
Rockefeller's vast fortune Is In his own free pos
session. No power, legal or moral, can take on*>
dollar from his vast pile but his own free will
Should a thief, with stolen pocketbook In hand,
come to my store to make a purchase. I would
have no right to accept that stolen money even in
exchange for goods, knowing the circumstances.
The owner is on the track of his money an<l will
soon put in his claim. i must not be a partaker
of stolen funds even through trade. But can any
one claim that that {l!X>.oui> stands in analogous
relations?
The question, then, is simply this: Which la
best, to have the money accumulate more and
more in a world famous fortune, or to have sosa*
of It distributed, as Mr. Rockefeller may pleas*
for noble ends? Can any one doubt the sane wts*
answer to this question? Cromwell said of th«
silver images of the- Apostles in the Roman Catho
lic churches: "Melt them into coin and let them,
like their Master, go about doing good." So let
Mr. Rockefeller's money do all the good It can in
the world. Th* Rev. Washington Gladden la
certainly Impairing his reputation for good Judg
ment, if he is not making himself ridiculous, by
his contention. To express his disapproval of cer
tain business methods, as he views them, ho would
deprive a benevolent society of resources aJMft
humanity of the good it might receive. He re
minds us of Artemus Ward's zeal for his country
during the Civil War. when he exclaimed; "Tnla
rebellion must be put down If it takes all my
wife's relations to do It." We bear of Mr. Rocke
feller's interests in many directions, and who cos
tell where the money offered was made? Mr.
Rockefeller may not even know himself.
The acceptance of the $Xto>.ooo by the itiaeiTi
Board does not Involve a partnership In th* Stand
ard Oil Company. It does not Indorse anytßtns
that la wrong. It doe* not stop any mouth ic~*a
ing righteousness. The money ls simply accepted
and used by the society as a trustee. And tha>
managers of that society have bo right to rafuas)
It.
Rutgers College ha* a fine Ballantln* gymnagtanv
We never heard of any trustee of that taatttvttas)
objecting to th* gift, however zealous he zaisbt b*>
for temperance, because the money was mad*, per
haps. In the brewing of beer.
Further. If the offered coney Is tainted, so Oat
It cannot be rightly used for noble ends, moat 1:
be given over, hedged in. we might say. to tta>
service of the devil? This seems to be th* Vglfai
conclusion. If a taint Inhere* In money Itself, eas
Its passing over- to another generation, maiw I:
clean?
The truth ls. fortunately, that as water. now*
ever foul, becomes pure as It ls filtered toroasjsl
the soil, bo money may become practically as para
as the crystal spring as it goes forth en Us ana*
sion to bless mankind. We should thank Mr. Unnoa
feller for his gift, and Indulge th* hop* that to)
may be constrained to give more largely towaosl
noble ends. N. X. M. BOGERT.
Metuchen. N. J.. April 10. IMS.
OVER A MILLION HEAR LECTURES.
In the first six months of th* coursa of pabttoj
lectures under the auspices of th* Board c- Bftuoao
tion. ending March XX. th* total attendance at tha>
3.957 lectures reached the unprecedented Chores of
I.o**.o*Z In the same period last year a. total c '
4.131 lectures were delivered, and 996.191 person*)
were in attendance. The most remarkable gain ta>
attendance was shown in The Bronx. wharo tho
total attendance for the six months was MfcssK as)
against 92.795 last year. The Borough of IsTiillTnltsxt
shows the largest total attendance. C3K2Z. ana
Brooklyn next, with 289.141.
THE TRIBUNE PATTFUTf.
There Is something dainty and charmfng about
any waist that is worn with a chemisette, and thts>
one Is rendered exceptionally chic by th* novel
trimming. The trimming la of tucked white mus
lin, outlined by bands of plain silk, whll* the dress
Is of Cowered Loulslne and th* chemisette of lac*
over chiffon, the belt being* of plain silk, which
matches the banding.
The quantity of material required for th* me
dium size Is 414 1 a yards 21 Inches wide. $» yard» 27
Inches wide, or 234 yards 4* niche* wide, with %
NO. o.OOfr-TT.SStrE PAPER PATTERN OTTXBK9
BLOUSE WAIST, FOR 10 CENTS.
yard of lace for chemisette and collar, and % >■■*)
of tucking for trimming and Hfc yards o* silk *sa>
banding and belt to make as Illustrated,
The pattern. No. 5.03). ls cut hi sizes for a> J&> *t
36. 38 and 40 Inch bust measure.
The pattern will be sent to ary srtifrrw— on Italat.
of 10 cents. Please give pattern and boat ■SSSWfa
distinctly. Address Pattern D*partm*nt lasm*
York Tribune. If in a hurry tor._patt*ra^asaalaaj
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Brain, Brawn rtk
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Building . %QX*
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Wl P^" That Makes
1 f Health and Strength
Said on merit alone for tw«nty-flv« jraara.
QARPET CLEANSING
Ur|H« in IW World. Kverj- detail.
35 years* tip-rienff. '
THE THOS. STEWART CO.
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Erie* M Mb 9ts>. Jersey City.
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