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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 24, 1905, Image 3

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A Good Example Set by an Old
Scottish University Toxcn.
Aberdeen. April 9.
A languishing:: half equipped, badly supported
art Institution has received a touch of life from
the enthusiasm of a leader of men. The Aber
deen Art Gallery was built by public subscrip
tion twenty years ago r.nd connected with th«
Gray School of Art. hut for a lon* re.-iod no
tody in the old university took a serious view
of It, ncr seemed to know what to do with It.
jt was a modest little structure in Italian
Renaissance in front of the Robert Gordon Col
lege or. School Hill, and exhibitions of oil* and
water colors were sometimes held there by the
Aberdeen Artists* Society, but there were no
permanent collections cf educational value.
Shrewd, practical men Aligned at it as a poor
Investment, and the empty fr*llery «as consid
ered a proof that Aberdeen could never become
an art centre, although two sculptors. William
Isrodie and Sir John Steel, had lived there for a
Htson. ur.d a group of painters, comprising
George Jameson. John Phillip. Sir George Reid,
SJgflan I>yce and Robert Brough. bad been
Identified with the town. Dignity was imparted
to the gallery when the Macdon%ld co'lectlon
of modern paintings, with a unique series of
portraits of artists painted mainly by them
selves, passed into the possession of the city.
but it was not until Mr. James Murray became
chairman of the art gallery commit about
three years ago. that there were unmistakable
elpns of an awakening of public interest in th«»
Institution. He began with courses of lectures
l>y experts on subjects likely to draw nu'li«'nces,
and he has ended by remodelling: and enlarging
the calleiy and stocking it with a collection of
casts representing the history of sculpture. He
hM carried the public with him and convinced
Aberdor.ians that they now have an institution
of prcat practical utility, which ought to be
permanently maintained and generously sup
ported by the ratepayers, for it is not merely a
series of exhibition rooms where amateur* can
display crude work, but also a school where
masterpieces car. be studied in perfection of
Ur.e and modelling.
Sir. Murray, betas; a man of wealth, has been
a generous patron of the Art Gallery; but that
is a small matter in comparison with his success
in irr.pariir.p his own enthusiasm for art to all
classes. lit* has taken advice and carried out
other men's Ideas, and consequently he has not
been roproarhed with riding his own hobby to
death When Dr. John F. White suggested that
a sculpture gallery with casts would be more
useful than an ordinary picture gallery and
museum, he accepted the idea and called a
public meeting for consideration of the project.
Every obstacle was overcome by his persistent
energy. The additional land required for the
merged structure came from the college; a
local charity trust was induced to provide two
thirds of the building fund of £12,000; and when
Jhe remainder was subscribed he appealed suc
cessfully to as many as 10(» residents and
patrons to supply the casts, which Mr. Martin,
of the Victoria and Albert Museum, considered
essential to a comprehensive exposition of the
trt of sculpture. He left details to others, and
£11 not argue fine points with specialists; and,
without seeking to have his own way In minor
matters, ha never relaxed his efforts to carry
out the project as a whole. With a flexible
architect and with the efficient co-operation of
experienced advisers like Sir George Reid. Pro
fessor Ramsay and Mr. Martin, he has com
pleted a public work without exciting jealousy
or creating resistance in any quarter. Having
set the new gallery In order, he ha* invited a
fllstingTiished company of experts from the Con
tinental museums, art critics, sculptors, painters
and men of letters to the opening ceremonies,
bringing' them from London by a special train
and entertaining them with lavish hospitality
for three days; and the handsome old granite
c'ty has suddenly awakened to the fact that it
now has unique facilities for art study and Is
famous. Happy is the community which has a
man like Mr. Murray, endowed with talents for
leaflersMp and with the incomparable gift of
txcitSng enthusiasm!
Th* 4 sombre, if olegant, rxterior of the Aber-
Jeen Art Gallery hardly prepares the visitor for
the stately splendors of the vestibule and cen
tral statuary court. The groined arches of the
vestibule are supported by ten granite pillars
frem British and Scandinavian quarries, with
the distinctive hue and pram of each Stone
brought out by the polisher's art. The floor of
the central court is laid in white marble, and it
is surrounded by an arched and vaulted cloister
or colonnade. There are eighteen granite lonic
pillars, AvJth bronze capitals, supporting arches
on which a balustrade! balcony is carried
around the four walls. The an hi volt and cor
nice lines ■..■.-. of the Palazzo Vecchio, in
Florence; the marble balustrade is copied from
the cathedral at Spoleto; and above the nal
?ony the frieze reproduces the processions of the
Parthenon frieze in the British Museum. With
the Mucs. dull reds and grays of the granite
pillars, with walls pilastered in dove colored
marble and panelled with rose red canvas, and
with soft cream paint and hangings of pale
green linen, the effects of color are rich and
harmonious. A large oval dome of, glass in
:he ceiling light* the quadrangle of eighteen life
clzed statues under the arches. The incompara
tle Venus o* Milo has the place of honor; and
towering above her. In the balcony, is the head
icss Victory found at Olympus thirty years ago;
End ranged about her arc; the classic Apollo of
the Xatior.al Museum, Rome; the graceful Ar
temis of the I>resden Gallery, a caryatid from
the Acropolis and another from the Erechtheum,
the Capitollne Antinous. the Vatican Nlobid,
the Pomp€lan Doryphorus of Polycletus. in the
Museun; of Naples, the Hermes of the Belvedere
Of The Bockford Morning Star.
About seven years ago I ceased drinking
BOOee to give your Postum a trial.
"1 had suffered acutely from various forms of
Indigestion at. my stomach had become so dis
ordered as to repel almost every sort of sub
stantial food. My general health was bad. At
:Jose interval* I would suffer severe attacks
which confined me in bed for a week or more.
Soon after changing from coffee to Postum the
indigestion abated, and In a ehort time ceased
entirely. I have continued the dally use or
your excellent Food Coffee and assure you most
cordially that I am Indebted to you for the re
i'.rt it has brought roe.
'Wishing you a continued cess. I am
'Tote very truly.
"Managing Editor."
Of course, when a man's health shows be can
etand coffee without trouble, let him drink it.
but roost highly organized braln-workcrs s.m
ptf cannot. . «#„„.
The drugs natural to the coffee berry affect
the etomach and other organs and thence to
the complex nervous system, throwing it out
of balance and producing disorders In various
parts of the body. Keep up this daily poisoning
and serious disease is sure to supervene, so
when man or woman finds that coffee is a
eznooth but deadly enemy and health is of any
value at all. there is but one road— quit.
It Is easy to find out if coffee be the cause of
the troubles, for If left off ten days and Post urn
I* used in its place and the sick and diseased
conditions begin to disappear, the proof is un
answerable. . . , . in.,.,
Postum is not good if made by short boiling.
It must be boiled fully 15 minutes when the
crisp coffee flavor and the food elements are
brought out of the grains and the beverage *
ready to fulflL Its mission of palatable comfort
and renewing the cells and nerve centres broken
down by coffee.
'There's a SMI." _„ „ ... ..
Get the little book. "The Iload to Wellvllle,
In each iiackase.
and the Hermes of Praxiteles in the Olympian
Museum; the Demeter of the British Museum;
Menanier and Apoxyomenos from the Vatican;
a torso of Venus; the Dancing Girl of the Ber
lin Museum and the Roman Girl of the Vati
can. This central court Is most Impressive in
Its dignity and stately simplicity.
There are five large courts grouped around
the central hall, and each is filled with casts
and reproductions illustrating the history of
sculpture. Egyptian art is represented by heads
and busts in the Louvre and in the British
Museum. Flat surface carving peculiar to early
Assyrian art is shown in the black obelisk, the
lion hunt and other slabs, and a fragment of
pavement reproduced from examples in the
British Museum. The dreek exhibits include
the throne of Venus in the National Museum,
Rome; a splendid group of the lest preserved
figures from the east pediment of the Par
thenon; the Athena group, from the Pergamum
frieze in Berlin, and the statue of the Dying
Gladiator or Galatlan. There is also a remark
able collection of stelai around the balcony of
the central court. In the Italian court there
are panels from the pulpit of the Cathedral of
Siena, the bronze gates of the Baptistery in
Florence, and the shrines of Or San Miehele
and St. Zenobius. to illustrate the art of the
Pis.inos. Orcapna and C.hiborti. Donatello Is
represented by a cast of the statue of St.
Francis at Padua, a sarcophagus and numerous
panels; Desiilerio da Settignano by frieze, bust
and shield; Andrea del Verroechio, by the bust
of Bartolommeo Colleoni, Cupid and Dolphin
and other works; and Luca and Andrea della
Robbia, by pane!s. medallions and cherub heads.
Benetto da Malano's pulpit In Santa Croce,
Florence, is reproduced with splendid effect.
Ifatteo Civitali's Adoring Angel from Lucca
Cathedral is one of the interesting exhibits, and
Benvenuto Cellini's panel of Perseus and An
dromeda is another. Michael Angelo is splen
didly represented b% the Virgin and Child at
Bruges, the statue of Jason, the figure of "II
Pensieroso," Cupid, nnd the unfinished "Roun
del." There is also a complete reproduction of
the recumbent statue of Guldarello Guidarelll,
In the Academy of Fine Arts. Ravenna. In the
German and French court there are panels and
figures by Adam Krafft, Velt Stoss and Peter
Vlscher: friezes and pilasters by Jean Le Texier,
Pllon, Colombe. and Goujon; and statuettes by
Prieur and Falconet. There is also a most In
teresting Celtic OOttrt with crosses, slabs and
panels and examples of lettering.
Of the seven picture galleries approached from
the balcony five are temporarily filled with
drawings and water colors from South Kensing
ton. The remaining galleries contain the Mac
donald and permanent collections of modern
works by Josef Israels. Watts, Jules Breton,
Villais. Orchardson. Alma-Taderna, Hook, Pet
tie. Phillip, La Thanpue. Gttthrte, Macbeth. Jean
Aubert and other painters. Mr. Watts's "Eve"
md "Orpheus and Eurydlco" are the choicest
gems, and the collection of ninety-two portraits
Of painters Is The unique feature. The picture
galleries will be filled as time goes on. and the
committee will find it difficult to shut out in
ferior modern works ard copies of old masters
bequeathed to them os genuine original can
vases. In this respect the Aberdeen gallery will
resemble oih^r collections of paintings in pro
vincial towns; but In its collection of casts it
has something of unique Interest and great edu
cational value. Whil- the number Of <-;ists is
small— between two ami three hundred replicas—
the selection has been scientifically made, so as
to Include representative works of the Egyptian,
Assyrian, Greek, Grsßco-Roman, Italian, French
and German schools of sculpture. A dozen of
these works, Including the torso of Venus, thi;
panels of the Siena Cathedral, an altar piece
from Fif'sole, Adam Krafft's "Seventh Station,"
and th<' tympanum and statue of David, from
the Golden Doorway of Freiberg, cannot be seen
elsewhere In Great Britain; the replicas of th.'
French section are also unique; there is only one
other copy of the De Bohun monument. Here
ford Cathedral; the group from the east pedi
ment of the Parthenon and the front of the
altar at I'adui are of exceptional Interest; as
many as eight works were specially moulded
for the gallery, and a score or more cannot be
found in the United Kingdom outside of the
British Museum, the Ashmolean and the Fitz
william museums; and th»- collections of Celtic
crosses, Ftelai and the lettering casts are not
duplicated in other provincial galleries. Aber
donians have just cause for pride in having a
series of casts so unusual and representative,
and, as the arrangements for lighting the courts
by day and night art- perfect, and as the linen
or crash hangings are of the peculiar shade of
pale grf-"n, against which sculpture is seen to
est advantage, everything has been most
artistically ordered.
The projectors of the Aberdeen sculpture gal
lery have not been working at haphazard. They
started with a scientific plan, and have not
Epared time or trouble in carrying it out in de
tail. When they had finished their work they
invited to the opening ceremonies the directors
of art museums, some of the best critics In Eu
rope and many prominent artists and men of
letters, and they were overwhelmed with con
gratulations at the great dinner given at thai
town hall In honor of Mr. Murray's guests.
Lord Reay. Mr. James Bryce. Professor Treu,
Mr. Frampton. Mr. Dicksee and Commenda
tore Galli. from th- Vatican, united in describ
ing the collection as most wonderful in its com
pleteness and representative character; and Pro
fessor Edward Robinson, of the Boston Museum,
In what «a-> generally regarded as the heartiest
and most thoughtful speech of the evening, ex
pressed admiration for the taste and beauty of
the sculpture courts and confidence that they
would assist local artists In discovering new uses
fur granite and Improved methods of decorating
the town. Whether or not carvers In wood and
stone make use of this gallery in refining their
sense of the beautiful, it Is at least certain that
the new institution Will be of permanent benefit
to the community In educating public taste. It
will be a school where .yes and minds will be
trained by familiar intercourse with master
pieces. While it may not become a centre for
a Scottish group of sculptors or a Mecca for
lovers of art. Aberdeen may be a city on v. hill
whose light Will shine afar. While other pro
vincial and university towns have built and
stocked costly museums which fail to command
public interest. Mr. Murray and his associates
have gone about art education in the right way
and deserve enthusiastic support. In order to
convince conservative members of the town
council that they had an artistic possession of
unique value among the progressive cities of
the kingdom, it was necessary to bring together
a distinguished company of guests to tell them
what it was worth. This has been done by hos
pitality as generous as the yield of a Western
prairie. The opening of the art gallery has been
an unexampled event in the history of the town.
The town council, the university and all classes
have taken a hearty interest in it, and the value
of the collections and the increased reputation
which will come to Alterdeen from having them
are now generally understood. I. N. F.
Continued from first pag-ft.
there was space for, intent on observing the out
pour of worshippers and the finery that they
wore. Here the Stranger and the young man
paused perforce. For some minutes there was
•no such thing as moving on. When at length
the crush thinned a bit and the pair could con
tinue their way, the Stranger heaved a sigh of
"Rather mussy, isn't it?" he said. "And I am
not partial to crowds. As a rule my affairs do
not prosper in crushes."
Far up aloft the great chimes began to
"I don't quite catch the tune, do you?" said
the Stranger.
"I certainly do not," said the young man.
"Confound it all! Those deuced automobiles
make such an infernal noise with their beastly
horns." It was a just complaint. Indeed, more
people than the Stranger and the young man
observed that the Easter parade was quite
as much a parade of automobiles as of wor
shippers, and singularly out of place they
seemed. For who is there who could fail to note
the incongruity between the noise and dust
of an automobile and the spirit of Easter. Yet
there they were, hundreds of them. In fact,
it is doubtful if there will be more automobiles
or more kinds of them in the automobile parade
than jammed Fifth-aye. yesterday Just aa tht
churches were emptying their gorgeous throngs
on the sidewalks.
What with the hundreds of other equipages,
hansoms, victorias, broughams, runabouts, and
even the top-heavy sth-ave. stage, progress
in the middle of the street was as difficult as on
the sidewalks. The consequence was that the
automobiles spent most of their time in snort
ing and swelling and groaning and chugging,
making little irritable dashes forward and
pulling up with a jerk and cacophonous com
plaint that filled the air with uproar.
"What an infernal din!" remarked the young
man to his mysterious companion. The Stranger
"Not at all," he replied, though quite aimiably.
"Din is not infernal, except to those who love
quiet, and most people are fond of uproar,
mental, if not physical. Behold those begoggled
and beleatheied persona in the machines. They
are enjoying themselves to the limit. And as
for those on the sidewalk who think they are
annoyed, how many of them, do you think, do
not motor or wouki not if they could? There's
a marvellous alchemy about motoring," he went
on with a subtile smile beneath his bearded
Up*. "I have often known it to turn a gentle
man into a bounder — a scholar into a scorcher —
a philanthropist into an egotist. Yes, in proper
hands, motoring is a great, a marvellous in
The young man looked somewhat apprehen
sively at his companion. Then be changed the
subject quickly.
"Blue seems to be the fashionable color this
spring;" he remarked. It was a fact that hun
dreds of the women in the throng wore gowns
of that hue: not the blue of old ocean or any
thing resembling it, but rather the color known
In tho department stores as baby blue. The
Stranger smiled again — not a superior smile at
all, but the smile of one who really knows — one
who had always known.
"That," he replied, "illustrates another mis
tak». I have read in the newspapers that the
Easter parade was the place to tind out what
was to be worn by smart people. But from
what I have seen of it this morning I should
say that, while there are nany pretty and taste
ful gowns and smart male costumes to be seen
in such a crowd as this, the Easter parade is
really, in the last analysis, the place to see what
not to wear. A kaleidoscope doubtless has its
uses, but I have never thought It a desirable
model for a costume."
"Look at that hat," ejaculated th<» young man,
clutching the sle?ve of his companion. It was
indeed well worth regarding. Even the fastid
ious Stranger was compelled to do it homage
But his tribute was not without its qualifica
"Yes." he said, "but it should be seen by itself
against a black background. Now, compare it
with the one worn by the woman at the elbow
of its wearer. Observe that the two are in mor
tal chromatic warfare. Kuch a hat as that
should be alone in the world."
"I have often thought," returned the young
man, "that the apple that tempted Eve was
really an Easter hat."
The Stranger started nnd frowned, then made
a visible effort to control his impatience.
"You are in error," he said, somewhat sharply.
"It was re.-illy an apple-" Now it was the young
man who smiled.
"Then you take th* allegory literally?" he
"It was really an apple." returned the
Stranger, his imperturbability quite regained
"But— and know the truth once and for all—
was the first one Eve had ever seen."
So, jostled and elbowed on every side, the pair
Slowly found their way down to the Twenties.
Here the throng was notably diminished.
"Why does the parade stop here?" inquired
the Stranger, "just before we reach yonder hug.}
and oddly shaped structure?"
The young man laughed delightedly, pleased
that at last he could speak authoritatively.
"Why, that." lie answered, "Is the Flaflron
Building, and you may have observed that
though "the sun Is warm it is rather a windy
day " So the pair turned -back up the avenue.
Suddenly the Stranger paused and pointed
across the avenue.
"Woman," said he, "is a wonderful creature.
She has often been of the greatest help to me.
and quite as often a stumbling block—
sionally. I mean. But even I, though I have
Studied her for centuries"
•Centuries." laughed the young man.
"Well." said the Stranger, with his enigmatic
•mile, "at least for a very long time— l have
never been able to understand her thorougnly.
Take that one. for example" The young man
looked. He saw a gown of solid purple, a flar
ing hat of pinkest pink, topped off with a huge
white ostrich plume. The woman's feet were
shod with dainty boots, surmounted with white
spats— nothing less.
"Now." wont on the Stranger, "will you be so
kind as to tell me how it is possible for a hu
man being to wear such a costume as that and
at the same time appear so utterly unconscious
that she is being stared at? 11 The young man
"She has just come out of church." he sail.
"She is thinking of the sermon. And, by the
way. here we are at the church door. Suppose
we step in. now th.it the crowd has gone, and
look at the decorations."
The Stranger halted, and there was something
like trepidation in his manner as he stam
"I thank you very much— but I— l— the fact is
I never go to church, except to attend weddings,
and just at this moment I happen to have a
particularly pressing engagement at the Wal
dorf. Like many professional frentkmen, Ido a
great deal of my business there."
"Business — on Easter" 1 cried the young man,
"To be sure." replied the Stranger, with a
sinister gleam in his little black eyes; "my busy
season opens to-day. I have Just returned from
a vacation. I always take a forty-day rest at
the beginning of th<* spring and come back for
work on Easter morning."
A particularly red devil swished around the
comer as the pair stood there.
"What a hideous smell those things make,"
cried the younar man, with a grimace of aesthetic
displeasure, and he added:
"And may I ask what is your business or. if
you prefer, your profession*" The Stranger
produced a leather case. It bore in one corner
the same initial which adorned the top of his
slender walking stick.
"My card," he said, amiably, as he offered the
young man a bit of pasteboard.
As the young man bent to take It. a whiff of
wind came around the corner and blew it flut
tering to the pavement. The young man stooped
to recover it. Then he read the name.
When he looked up tho Stranger had vanished.
There was a heavy, choking odor in the sunny
air. It was not the smell of gasoline.
The young man put his hand to his throat
"The devil," said he.
Generous Contributions at Churches
— Two of $25,000 Each.
In some of the larger churches this year the
Easter contributions wore gratlfyingly large, and
as far as ran be learned the smaller congregations
throughout the city made larger offerings than
usual. The sum total of the seven or eight churches
classed as the wealthier congregations will be more
than $250,000. In some instances the gifts were as
large as 123.000 from unknown Individuals. Grace
Church. Broadway and 10th-st., was one re
cipient of a $23,000 contribution. Dr. Huntlngton,
the rector, said last night that it was svit in the
Easter collection .to be used for tho training schools
for deaconesses. Altogether the congregational
offering was $55, 4.-/0. This is the largest Easter offer
ing of the congregation of Grace Church for several
St. Andrew's, in Harlem. Dr. Van de "Water, rec
tor, turned In $33.0UO— the largest amount ever of
fered by this congregation. As at Grace Church,
some generous person gave $25,000. The money will
be used to reduce the debt of the church. In the
Presbyterian churches the Easter offering was
largely taken up for the summer tent work which
the New-York Presbytery has in view during the
hot weather. The Fifth Avenue church, of which
Dr. J. Ross Stevenson is pastor, offered a trifle over
$4,000 for this . purpose, and other churches raised
from $2,000 to $7,000 for the same purpose. Old Trin
ity is thought to have raised at least $60,000 for the
numerous Institutions under Its patronage. The
exact sum could not be ascertained last night. St.
George's, Dr. Ralnsford. rector, contributed over
$5,000. This, it was explained, is to be used for the
church's seaside work at Rockaway Beach. St.
Thomas's raised a like sum for similar work.
Ascension Church. Dr. Grant, rector, raised $4,000
for current expenses. How much St. Bartholo
mew's contributed could not be learned. This con
gregation usually has large individual offerings,
which help to swell the general gift.
Not only was the debt of the Central Presbyterian
Church, Brooklyn, wiped out by the Easter offering
yesterday morning, but there is a surplus of £400 to
put into the treasury. Nine years ago the present
building, at Marcy and Jefferson ayes.. was built
at a cost of $SS.OtX). Three >etrs ago the mortgage
had been reduced to $40,000. Since then it was low
ered to $10,000. P. H. Ecker. the treasurer of the
church, hid $6,500 in hand yesterday morning to be
applied on the debt, and the Rev. Dr. John V. Car
eon, the pastor, asked the congregation to con
tribute fhe $3,500 needed to wipe out the debt.
On May 20 the Rev. Dr. Carson will have com
pleted his twentieth year of service with the
church, and the anniversary will be observed with
a celebration in the church. A that time the mort
gage will be burned.
Special Easter offerings were taken up at most of
the Episcopal churches in the borough. At the
Church of the Messiah, Greene and t'lermont ayes..
of which the Rev. Dr. St. ("lair Hester Is rector.
$10,000 was contributed. This completes th? $16.00)
necessary to wipe out the debt on the parish house.
All of the property of the church is now free from
The Rev. J. Howard Melish. rector of Holy Trin
ity, on the Heights, asked his congregation for
$5,000. The entire offering had not been counted
last night, but it was estimated that $10,000 had
been received. The offering: at St. Ann's, of which
the Rev. Dr. Reese F. Alsop is rector, amounted to
Large Congregations Enjoy Fion
as, Music and Sermons.
Easter, as always, was primarily a day for
churehgoing yesterday. The special music and
floral decorations attracted larj."- congregations to
the hfst known churches at the various services
throughout the day.
The services at Trinity were attended hy worship
pers from all parts of thin city, and even from New-
Jersey. The service at 10:30 a. m. was conducted
by the Rev. Dr. J. Novett Steele. vicar of Trinity,
in the absence of the Rev. Dr. Mn.'san J. Dix, tho
rector, who 's Slightly Indisposed. Banks of flowers
and lilies adorned the altar.
At St. Patrick's Cathedral five services were held.
Masses were celebrated at (, 7. 8. 9 and 11 a. m. It
was estimated that eleven tlio lsanii persons were
present at the morning services.
About five thousand attended the service at 11
a. m. A pontifical high mass was celebrated by
Archbishop Farley. The Row T. J. MeCtuskey,
S. J.. delivered the sermon. For the first time in
tli" history of the Cathedral at Kaster the musical
programme was r<?nd*-red without the aid of wom
en's voices.
The services at the I'nivorsaiist Church of the
Divine Paternity. 7'Hh-st. and Central Park West,
were unusually elaborate. The i>u?tor. the Rev.
Frank Oliver liall pr* ached on '"Tlie I.'.p Heyond
Death." Raster lllie? predominated in the decora
tions, hanking the pulpit and chancel, with smilax
and palms for a background. A special musical ser
vice was given b\ the choir, augmented by a chcrus
and a string Quartet.
In Calvary Baptist church the sermon was
preached by the Rev. Dr. R. S. Mao Arthur. In the
afternoon there was a baptismal ceremony, com
munion was celebrated in the eveninc The floral
decorations -were confined to the pulpit platform,
back Of which was a large American flag.
Misunderstanding of Word's Mean
ing Caused Error, Says Rabbi.
At the Temple Emanu-El yestefday morning
Rabbi Bllvennan preached a sermon on "The True
and False Messiah." He said in part:
A belief In a personal Messiah never was a doc
trine of the Jews.' No such doctrine can be found
in either the Pentateuch or Old Testament. The
popular error arose from a misunderstanding of
the meaning of the word Messiah. At the be
ginning of the present era the Romans were
oppressing the people of Judea, and Pontius Pi
late was grinding them down with unjust tax
ation. A cry went up for any deliverer, any
Messiah to relieve the situation. At the same
time Jesus was preaching In Galilee against
the corruption and sins of the time. The
term Messiah was applied to Him because lie
helped the distressed. Hence there were two
meanings of Messiah current at the time; the Gali
l*«-an one implying a deliverer from sorrow, sin
and crim.\ and the Palestinian one signifying a po
litical deliverer. Jesus was heralded at Jerusalem
as a Messiah from spiritual oppressions, but Peter
and the other apostles took advantage of the po
litical crisis and went round the city hailing Htm
as the political Messiah, the KlnK of the Jews
Jesus knew the difference and refused the titl«-,
and realized Its assumption mean! treason against
the Romans. He could not stop the movement,
however, and Pilate condemned Him as a political
offender and subjected Him to capital punishment
the night of His arrest. It was purely and simply
a murder without fair trial. Then came the great
misrepresentation, but of the At easts hahlp anil
resurrection there la no foundation in history.
The only true savior of man is God Himself,
manifested by the conscience of every humm
I'clnK. which tills him with remorse. That •*
th.- Messiah: not Incorporated In any one human
•wing, but in .-very man. Th« proof of this doc
trine |a that no priest has ever saved a man.
Under the Scientific Supervision of Dr. Leo Liebermann,
Royal Councillor, Professor of Hygiene and Director of
the Hygienic Institute, Royal University, Budapest.
SoW Exporters: THE APOLLINARIS CO., LJ. t London.
Imported and Domestic
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Christianity Is a delusion and a snare, and ra
tional men and women will not be caught by an
old superstition revamped In modern times. The
true Messiahs are teachers with pure thoughts
and pure feelings, who sevk to uplift the^world
by insisting on the direct relationship of Uod to
nian. with conscience as the only medium between
The rabbi then digressed to make an emphatic
protest against any attempt to introduce reli
gious teaching into the public schools, and de
clared no Bible should be read, no theology spoken
and r.o religion diree«ly or indirectly tausht.
much less enforced.
Announces Relations of Church of
Archangel and Cathedral.
Bishop Potter was the speaker at the evening ser
vices at the Church of the Archangel. Uoth-st. and
St. Nlcholas-ave.. last night. At the dose of his
address he announced that the Church of the Arch
angel was to bear a close relation to the new
Cathedral of St. John the Divine.
"Tits cathedral Is In no sense a parish church."
b< said, "'and cannot have parochial relations with
the people. There will be no marriages or baptisms
there. This will be done at the Church uf the Arch
angel. The work which is done by St. Margaret's
Church, which stands at the door of Westminster
Abbey, and which ts a sort of annex to the Abbey,
will be taken over by this church."
In his address Bishop Pott* r said:
According to the teachings of the New Testa
ment we must believe that wealth, whether it he
given to us In the form of heiuty. material wealth
or genius is merely a trust. If you think back to
the days Of your ciiil lhood you will remember
many of your schoolmates who started in lir> on
what seemed to be an equal footing. As you think
of them now, some of them have succeeded while
others have failed and you nnd yourself unabie
to explain the reason. That power which has
enabled these people to succeed is a gift.
if you are heir to a great estate you are not tree
from responsibility, a? many axe Inclined to believe.
You are merely a steward, and must use your
wealth for the. good of others. I do not mean that
we should have community of inter* sts.
The great danger of all wealthy organisations,
whether religious or not, is that they will become
exclusive. That they will bar the poor and create
a monopoly for the rich. There are two kinds of
churches. One Is open to all. The other makes use
of the law of exclusion as well as that of inclu
sion I was once pastor of such a church. \\ hen
I was rector of Grace Church the sexton once or
dered from the bulhlins a poorly dressed woman
who was praying in one of the pews. \> hen 1 re
monstrated with him. he replied: Why. If we
permit it. they will soon be praying all over the
place " I want to see an open door and a welcome
for all. Let a man worship in his shirtsleeves If
he wisl es.
Expounds Bible Text on the Imperial Yacht
in Messina.
Messina. Italy. April 23.— The German Imperial
yacht Hohenzolletn was profusely decorated with
flowers and plants to-day in celebration of Easter.
Dr. Goens. the German Court Chaplain, crime from
Berlin expressly to perform service in the chapel
of the yacht In the presence of Emperor William,
the imperial family and their suites, and the staffs
of the German ships at present in this harbor. At
the conclusion of the service the Emperor de
livered a sermon. expounding a text from the
Bible. At luncheon, where there were present all
of the local authorities, the Emperor in conversa
tion showed a thorough knowledge of the Italian
language. After luncheon Empress Augusta drove
to the hospital, amid t ntl.usLtstic manifestations
by the people, to visit Hen yon Bgarp, an aid
to one of the younjr princes. wl>.. was taken ill
here. To-night. notwithstanding threatening
weather, there was a torchlight procession and an
illumination in honor of the German Imperial party.
A serenade was sung by forty girls from families
of the nobility. The orchestra was directed by
Prince Ruffo. Emperor William will leave t,r\ Mon
day for Palermo.
Throng of Promenaders See Desperate Man
Gash Throat and Wrists.
John Helfst pished his wrists and throat in the
midst of a thronu of Basts* promorm ierst at L*a
lnnton-ave. and Mel-el . yesterday afternoon. He
curried a small handbag, from which as drew :\
razor and deitbemttty stepped tnt> the -."..tier to
accomplish his purpose. He fell to the sidewalk,
and was .it awM surrounded by a crowd Some of
the women ran to the assistance of the would-be
suickle. He my en the pavement struggling with
the men who had attempted to restrain him. When
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135 Went Worty-Ont St.. New York.
Dr. Cramp arrived with the ambulance fr.^m Belle
vu«\ the injure. 1 man had to be strapped to the
sti*-tch«»r. s<> violent were his struggle*. At th«
hospital It is saM that it Is not believed he can sur
At' tee address which he gave. No. 332 East 3131
st it was said that almost nothing was known of
him. H » had hired a room there on Saturday, and
had said he was a designer. The police belteva
he was a -stringer in this city.
Americans Receive Communion from
the Hands of the Pope.
Rome, April tL— Pope Pius X to-day received
many Easter greetings and celebrated mass in
the Hall of the Consistory in the presence of 235
persons, to whom Hi* Holiness gave communion.
The Americans who were admitted were Martin.
Maloney and daughter Helen, of Philadelphia;
Mr. and Mrs. Shriper and family, of Baltimore.
and Mr. and Mrs. gheehan. of New- York. After
ward the Pope confirmed two sons of Se&or
Ivancleh. the Consul General of Portugal here.
King Victor Emmanuel suspended all state af
fairs to-day in order to celebrate Easter quietly
with his family. After lunch with Queen
Helena, the infant Crown Prince and the royal
princesses his majesty drove in i motor car to
Hurving Lod^e, Caste] Porziano. where te will
spend a few days.
The Ten<lrrlotr> went to church yesterday mom
ing. It had nowhere else to go. thanks to th* aS»
tivlty of Acting Captain Effsera. The Church of
St. Francis d" Assist, tn West 3:st-st.. had a service
at 2:"t» n. m . for night workers. Th-- precinct po
lice had been warned that Esters would apy>*%r
again, and every dive In the TVodectota was clos«J.
notably the Hay market, for the first time sines
Miles O'Reilly was in the Tenderloin. As a result,
even drVeheepsr, '"crook" and a few patrolmen
went to church.
& Has tho endorsement 'I?!
£] cf tho test pecpfo %

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