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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 07, 1905, Image 18

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1905-05-07/ed-1/seq-18/

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The Holy Carpet Is carried within the elaborate canopy shown In the picture.
Copyright by Underwood it Underwood, New York.
Annually Carried from. Cairo to
Mecca to Cover the Kaaba.
A few days ago Bedouins attempted to rob
f:e caravan escorting 1 the Holy Carpet from
Cairo to Mecca. Cm this occasion they were
■ to secure the spoil which bad t
them, fur they were beaten oft" and several of
til- •:<. killed.
This is not the first time the caravan trans
porting the Holy Carpet to the Holy City of
the Moslems has been attacked by the Bedouins.
The carpet is frequently accompanied by thou-
Bunds of pilgrims from all parts of Africa. They
carry with them much treasure. This tempts
ti.<- marauding Arabs of the desert to attack
th i travail. The fact that the Arabs are
19 .Mussulmans does not deter them from
. upon fellow religionists performing one
most sacred duties of their faith and
■ i-iLT the covering of the- must holy object
o>:i!i itt d with their worship. The i^omis of the
I s they consider to be their legitimate
The caravan carrying the Sacred Carpet Is
the- most important one which traverses the
pilgrim's road over the sandy wastes of "the
land of pilgrimage." Annually a similar cara
van makes the journey, for the carpet covering
the Kaaba at Mecca must be replaced each
year. The Kaaba is a box-shaped stone build
ing standing in a low part of the Holy City.
It is about 40 feet long, &> feet wjde and 50
feet high. The building is covered with a heavy
Mack silk damask. Around this cloth is a
band of colored silk, into which have been
woven quotations from the Koran in gold and
gre< □ threads. The band passes entirely
around the queerly shaped building about 'S3
feet above the ground. This coveri-ng is the
Holy or Sacred Carpet. Few Christians have
Been it in its place over the old ston.j house,
f'.r to Christians Mecca is, like Lhassa, the
capital of Tibet, a forbidden city. Those who
have been able to enter it did so in disguise
and at a risk of losing their lives. Only Ma
hometans may enter the sacred valley on the
flooi of which the little building stands.
The Holy Carpet is replaced each year by a
new <ne especially woven at Cairo. The mak
ing is intrusted to the same family year after
y. : : ;-. It is begun in one part of the city and
carried in stat>- to another, where it is com
plet -1. It is made of silk and lined with cot
ton, in order to obey the laws of the Koran,
whii h prescribe that nothing made entirely of
silk shall be used.
Cairo on the day on which the carpet is
started for Mecca is full of excitement and
color. The streets are all alive. The soldiery
an- nut. The Khedive ami his officials are
present in their gold embroidered uniforms.
Thousands upon thousands of the faithful fol
lowers of the Prophet appear there.
The ceremonial connected with dispatching
the Holy Carpet is performed on the great
square near the citadel, In the southeastern part
of the city. In the procession which accom
panies the sections of the carpet are Holy Men
to drive away evil spirits and a carnol carrying
a copy of the Koran beneath a pyramicHcaJ
structure covered with richly embroidered dra
peries. Following the camel are the litters,
looking like so many coffins, containing the
sections (,f the carpet. These are borne on the
t'uwtlnufd oa eighth page.
He bus established a fund of $1,000,000 for model tenemeat houses tn this city.
Mystery Connected rrith Huge Ball
of a Cemetery Monument.
In the cemetery at M.irion, Ohio, there is a
monument which has attracted widespread at
tention, especially among the scientists of the
State. Resting upon a large stone base is a
stone bail thirty-six inches in diameter, weigh
ing 4.2»»U pounds. For some time past the stone
has been slowly turning upon Its base, revolving
about a horizontal axis in a direction from north.
to south. AH sorts of theories have been a*
vanced to explain the phenomenon, but no de»
dslon has been reached.
The ball originally rested in a socket provided
on the base, the spot on the ball which fitted la
the die not being: polished. A few years ago C
B. Merchant, a local banker, erected the monu
ment. In August, IDOI. an employe of the ceme
tery observed that the unpolished spot of the
ball had become visible and that the bail had
revolved nearly twenty Inches In a northerly
direction from its original resting place. Slnca
that time a regular systematic inspection of the
phenomenon has been made, th result being an
unquestionable establishment of proof that tha
ball Is continuously and regularly moving. Be
tween August and December examinations sho-»
that the ball has moved five inches.
An Investigation showed that the ball ir. no
■way had been fastened to its base, the builders
expecting that its weight would hold It In j\\2.?a.
When the matter was reported to them they
replied by B*j£*g that they had never In their
e3tperj»nce heard of such a phenomenon. AH
sCrts of inqTjlHa* »«« inaae. bringing a varied
lot or replies and explanations. The State
geologist, Edward Orton. assigns the rotation
to two causes. First, the ball becomes? more
heated In the sunshine than the heavy base an<i
consequently expands more, giving rise to a
slight creeping. The ensuing contraction, ho
says, Is probably not pr.r;;-'-. to take up the dis
placement caused by the hoat in the earlier part
at the day. Secondly, the circumference of the
sphere probably lengthens out on one side, giv-
Ing rise to a pulling stress between the tail and
the base upon which it rests.
AH sorts of ludicrous explanations hay
offered, prominent among which is <■■
& person who maintains that It "is the we
the spirits." Some have even gone so far
say that some miscreant has been p!a
Joke on the cemetery officials. Those ex;
ing this theory hold that when the emf!
made his discovery, the news of which w >-s
published in the local papers, this miser-.
gan his work of "prying" it around little by life
The huse tron ball on top, weighing 000 pour:<?«*
is constantly moving, and nobody knows -what
moves It.
tie from time to time. Of course, no credence
Is given to this story. The ball is far too heavy
for that. So the mystery remains.
Henry Phipps Is as Modest as lie
Is Generous.
It sneaks volumes for the modesty of ITenrv
Phipps, who has Just decided to spend $1,000,000
in building model tenement houses for the work
ing people of New- York City, that not one i»er
son in a thousand knows he Is one of the found
ers of the great commercial enterprise tha: cama
to be called the Carnegie Steel Company. Of all
the captains of Industry associated with the
mammoth steel eon>oration Henry Phipps ia
the least known, for the reason that he has- al
ways pursued his quiet way, attending to busi
ness and amassing millions, while effacing him
self as much as possible when events threaU
to throw him into the light of public notice.
As he was in his business career, so he is in
his great charities. With how little no. was
the announcement received recently that Henry
Phipps had given $1,000,000 for the foundation
of a hospital for consumptives In the Quaker
City. Some little mention of the fact that he
had formerly been the business partner of An
drew Carnegie accompanied the announcement.
but few knew who he was and how closely ha
had always been associated with the "steel
Some of the charities of Henry Strip] ■ save
Continued oa third para.
English, French Etchings
12 West 28th St GEORGE BUSSE.

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