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BLUE AND GRAY UNITED.
i GENERAL LOUD, ORATOR. Confederate Graves Decorated at Mount Hope Cemetery. The Blue and the Gray united yesterday after noon at Mount Hope Cemetery, where the Xew- York Camp of the Confederate Veterans held Its annual memorial service and placed flowers on the graves of it* dead, There were some fifty Union veterans in the line of march from the Quiet wayside station at Mount Hope to the towering- shaft erected In the cemetery to the memory of the Confederate dead. These rep resented McKlnJey, Hancock. Lafayette, U. S. Grant and" Alexander Hamilton posts, G. A. R. They brought with them a beautiful floral •wreath of red carnations as their offering to the men against whom they lifted their arms. Daufnt*** cf the Confederacy went about here and there strewing flowers on the graves of the heroes of the South, and on their quiet walks found two graves of Union dead. One bright little Southern woman hurried off to tell her companions, and they returned with armfuls of white and red roses and evergreens, which they rtrswed on the graves of the two Union soldiers. The chord of unity was struck, however, when a XJaion veteran. General George B. Loud, of jlancock Post, G. A. R., delivered the eulogy for tte Memorial Day service. Tho Confederate Veterans said that it was the first time that a Union soldier had been Invited to speak at a Confederate memorial service. General Loud had nothi;;s but words of praise for the men of | "the other side." After a hymn and a prayer offered by the Rev. W. S. Baker ho was Intro duced by Major Edward Owen, and said: Your speaker fought under the Stars and Stripes and was ; : ad to do it, but at Appo mattox all ',vas wiped out. The Blue and the Gray are one In their nationhood, ready to quell the rise of any foreign foe. Twenty years ago at Per.sacola, Fla., I extended an Invitation to \-our comrades to decorate the graves of the Blue and the Gray, and now I find myself ad dessing; you among Confederate graves, and my soul is thrilled. No section can monopolize this beautiful custom, as no section can rob the grave of its victories. Love prompted these warriors to do and die together. They are crowned heroes beyond all jiraise. My heart tells me that he who fights for God, for home, for country, for a principle, is a hero. While we of the Union army consecrated our love to the cause of the Union, you and yours sacrificed your all for what you thought was right. Every true man honors courage and bravery, whether it be under the Blue or the Gray, and your men were possessed of a courage and bravery that ie surpassed In the history of the world. Pickett went up the slopes of Gettysburg with a bravery that stirred the world. (Applause.) General Lee was as brave a man as ever sat en a horse. You are not wanting in heroes. But they are ours as well, since we are all one nor. The war with Spain brought us into th© field together. To-day every hero who falls for the country Is our boy. General Loud was profusely thanked for his kind words. James Edward Graybill, a Confed - bit further than General in his desire for unity. He said: Let u,s cement this union of heart by a union I days. I look forward to the time, • la rot far distant, when we shall have al Day for the Eiue and the Ehall strew flowers over our here*-- 'i-s beeomea Americans, burying the last relic of strife with the flowers we place en the graves of the Union and Confederate dead. Explainir^g tho reason for Inviting a Union ■ ' to do;lver the eulogy over the Confed erate dead. Major Owen sail: Th^ Ifand Army of the Republic has honored the Southland by inviting 1 Senator Blackburn, of Ker.rjcky. to speak at Grant's tomb on Deo oratioL Day. and we thought it fit and in har TO tllC. PllbliC! — Now that the clamor of misrepresentation concerning the gas business in New York City has temporarily exhausted itself, and nothing beyond informing gas consumers of the truth can result from their publication, the following undisputed f&CtS fr° m tne testimony taken by the recent joint committee oi the Senate and Assembly, respecting public and private lighting in the City of New York, are printed for your information: The cost of gas to the Consolidated Company at the burner, for the past five years, -was as follows: 1904. .64.64 CENTB, WITH 10 CENTS RESERVE 74.64 CENTS. 1903. .63.04 CENTS, WITH 10 CENTS RESERVE 73.04 CENTS. 1902.. 62D2 CENTS, WITH 10 CENTS RESERVE 72.02 CENTS. 1901. .61.70 CENTS, WITH 10 CENTS RESERVE 71.70 CENTS. 1900. .63.16 CENTS, WITH 10 CENTS RESERVE 73.16 CENTS. (Senate Document No. 30, pp. 372-77). This coat included only 3.66 cents per thousand for interest for 1904, and substantially nothing previously, the $20,000,000 of Debentures for Astoria construction not having been issued until 1904. THE 10% RESERVE FUND. The 10a per thousand feet for a reserve or contingent fund is fair. The New York Stato Senate Committee of 1886 recognized and suggested the propriety of a reserve fund of 10% on the capital invested out of the profits in addition to dividends (Senate Document 45, p. LXXX). The necessity of a reserve fund of 10c. per thousand is conceded. In tho Massachusetts Gas investigation of 1905 10c per thousand, with no extraordinary contingencies then apparent, was testified to without a word of contradiction. During that investigation it appeared that by one explosion the Boston Gas Light Co. suffered a loss equal to 10c. per thousand for four years on its output, and had been compelled to suspend dividends because no reserve fund had been provided for such an emergency. The Consolidated Company of New York is facing an extraordinary situation at this moment in replacing and uni fying at Astoria, the plants now scattered over Manhattan Island. It will cost to replace tho Consolidated's present manufacturing capacity at Astoria $10,-100,000 more than the abandoned property now occupied for similar uses on Manhattan Island will realize. The result of going to Astoria as affecting cost of production is problematical, but the effect upon public comfort on Manhattan Island is certain. It is hoped to there reduce the holder cost, but the cost of distribution, on account of distance, and the expense of the tunnel under the East River, will be increased. CAPITAL AND DIVIDENDS. The capital of the Company is $80,000,000. It stood at $39,078,000 until 1900, since which time it has been increased to $80,000,000. A considerable portion of this increased stock was issued at $232 per ?hare in payment of the Company's indebted ness. None of the remaining shares of this increased stock was issued at less than $150 per share in cash, and some of it was issued at nearly $200 per share in cash. THE PREMIUM THUS PAID IN BY STOCKHOLDERS IN CASH (exclusive of that realized upon stock issued for indebtedness) amounted to $14,322 which, added to the par value of the stock, makes a total of $94,322,000. The Consolidated Company has always paid moderate dividends. The following table shows the rate from its or ganization to 1904: 1883 7% 1892 6 % 189 9 5 , /2% 1886 „ ~ 3% 1893 7 i/ 2% 1900 6 % 1887 4% 1894 8 % : 1901 8 % 1888 4 % 1895 8 % 1902 . 8 % 1889 ~ 5% 1896 8 % 1903 8 % 1890 6% 1897 8 % 1904 BV 2 % 1891 •- ~ 5% i 1898 8 % i Dividends at these rates during the past five years have only been possible by using part of tho surplus, accumu lated prior to the reduction of the price of gas to $1.00 per thousand feet. The recent rate of 10% has been expressly approved in this State and elsewhere as legitimate for this kind of business, considering its great hazards, as instanced above in the Massachusetts accident. It was distinctly approved by a committee of the Senate of this State in 1886 and was there coupled with the recommendation of a Reserve Fund of 10%. In the State of Massachusetts, in the year 1900, in discussing the situation of the New England Gas & Coke Company and the dividends which might be permitted to be paid by it, if brought under the jurisdiction of the Gas & Electric Light Commission, the Legislative Committee referred to such return as "The 10% heretofore recognized by custom" (House Document No. 1405 of 1900). The minutes of the investigation made by the Massachusetts Gas & Electric Commission in January, 1905, indi cate that many prominent cities in Massachusetts under their jurisdiction are permitted to pay at least 10% on their capital stock, including the .following: FALL RIVER 15% ! LYNN 10% ATTLEBORO 12%. MILFORD 10% BEVERLY 10: NORTH ATTLEBORO 10 - CAMBRIDGE 10; SPRINGFIELD 10% LOWELL 10% The rate of 8% is wholly insufficient as a maximum rate for a business of this kind. If it is to be fixed at that Jigure for the most prosperous period of a Company's business, what will happen when bad years, from strikes, increaso of" cost of material, decease of consumption by depression or poesiblo competition ox other iliuminant, shall coma? mony with the prevalent spirit to invite Gen eral Loud, a Union soldier, to speak for us. At the close of Mr. Grayblll'a speech the ben ediction was pronounced by Dr. Baker. Then taps was sounded. Immediately after the cervices the post mon ument, a R-ift of the late Charles Broadway Rouss, was decorated. For many years the monument had been decorated by persons the night before Memorial Day. and the members of the Confederate post until recently were not able to learn who placed the flowers on the monument. They found out that it was done by members of Lafayette and Alexander Hamilton posts. G. A. R. FELL TO DEATH IN SHAFT. Woman Had Left Printer Shortly Before — Coroner Investigating. Peter J. Murray, thirty-five years old, manager of the printing department of "McClure'a Maga zine," feU five stories down an airshaft of the Ho tel Auilc. No. lEi West 25th-st., yesterday morning and was killed. A woman went with him to the hotel. Murray lived with his wife at the Hotel Horton. Bay 15th-st. and Cropsey-ave., Bath Beach. Murray registered as "P. J. Rice and wife, city," at 3:30 a. m. Within ten minutes he and the woman came downstairs. Murray remarking to the clerk that they were going out for a few moments. .Mur ray came back alone and at 3:40 o'clock went to liis room. Twenty minutes later the clerk heard a noise In an airshaft and found Murray with his head crushed, dead- The police and coroner were called station 161 ™ 1^ bO^ was taken lo the West 30th-st. and telV^ a ? 'aentifled by papers in the pockets, was if ,v, ho SV? < ? uil 2 ehow ed that his wife, who since Friday 10 th Beach * **& not seen him Ba?d ?h»t £ choler after making an investigation, tlors cVvp % wa , 3 not Batl! »fled with the explana asked*\VL y , th , e hotel clerk and othera and had to aT«i«t Mm ct ecUv sots ot the West X*h-si. station to assist him In a further Inquiry. NTTESE'S DISAPPEARANCE UNSOLVED. St Luke's Pupil Interested in Work— No Men Friends. The Rev. George F. Clover, superintendent of St Luke's Hospital, on Morningside Heights, said yesterday that the disappearance of Misa Margaret Jolllnick, the nurse from Dallas, Tex., who was in the training school for nurses till last Wednesday, was as much of a mystery as ever. Miss Jollinick, who was apparently enthusi astic over her work, and who had no men friends t..at the hospital authorities knew of, went out last W ednesday, and has not returned since. ANIMALS FBOM HOME OF SCIENCE. Mr. Bostock a Frequent Customer of the Smithsonian Institution. Frank C. Bostock, the "animal king" of Coney Islßnd i s the best customer of the Smithsonian Institution, at Washington, which has con stantly on hand a large number of animals for which it has no further use. The animals are generally in good condition and available for any purpose, and as most of them are captured wild and chipped direct to the Smithsonian Institution, they are rarely desirable tor show purposes. It is for thia reason that Mr. Bostock has become a frequent customer of tho Washington home of science. Mr. Bostock, it is announced, does not care how wild or untamed a beast is. By purchasing from the Smithsonian he obtains on animal that is fairly used to captivit\ , over the fretting- period, and one that is, as a rule, a perfect specimen. "MIDDIEB" ELECT NEW CAPTAIN. Annapolis. Md., May 21 (Special).— At a meeting of the members of the boat crew held this after noon. Midshipman Willis Adler, of Farman, N. D., was elected captain for next season. The crew has not lost a race this season, and has defeated Georgetown, Pennsylvania, rale and Columbia. The for v strong crew next ssariim are not bright, tor six of the 'varsity eight will be grad uated, and Coach Richard Glendon, of the Boston Athletic- Association, is not expected to return. new- yokk daily trtbuxe. Monday, may 22. 1905. EVANGEL TENT OPENS. GOSPEL SERVICES BEGIN. Preaching in an Automobile Precedes Them— Schedule of Meetings. h Thn ° OB Pel tent Evangel, which was for a num ono ° f Jrear " ** Fift -''- Bixt h-st. and Broadway, was IjZ 0 for the sfa-'on yesterday at the southeast orner of Broadway and Flfty-seventh-st. Ber "t 4 p. m., but there was preaching I '"r to this i n an automobile lent by B. A. Cush 'i-tn the baker, on the south side of Columbus rcle. The Rtv. E. T. Banford, of the North Church, in West Eleventh-st.. preached a ort eormon in the automobile, on "Zacfheus seeking. Sought, and Found." At the end of the mion half a hur.dred people or more who had gathered to listen went to the tent. •The Rev. O. W. .McPherson, the superintendent the wt ""k, said permits for four different preach ns stations had been obtained, and that wh"n the novement was fully under way there would be Bi at each of these stations before the ser vioes in the tent began. There are to be meeting* every weekday nife'ht In the tent at 8 o'clock and OI iii i nda:iS at *p - "*• Thls week « however, there will be no meetings on Thursday. Friday and SaturJay. At the chief service in the tent yesterday there OPENING OF THE GOSPEL TEXT EVANGEL AT BROADWAY AND 57TH-ST. were short addresses by several clergymen. The Rev. lir. Robert S. Mao Arthur, of Calvary Baptist Church, told of his experience in tent work twenty years ago. He emphasized the Importance of per sonal work by the individual members of the churches. The Rev. Dr. Wilton Merle Smith, of the Central Preebytertan Church. Bpoke in con demnation of that class of Christians who were content to be mere sponges, soaking In all the time, but not imparting to other? the good they received. "As I was coming here to-day. I waa wonderin* what an ancient Hebrew, of the time of Moses, would say If he started out to find the Broadway labernaice," said the Rev. Dr. Charles E. Jeffer son, pastor of the Broadway Tabernacle, "and I said: 'He surely would not pick out that building of ours— but he would pick out this tent as the real tabernacle." The Revv Dr\ Henry Lubeck, of the Church of Zlon and St. Timothy, spoke of persons who were not Irreligious but non-religious. They had such strength of character that they were able to live correct lives and to be upright, moral, honest, and virtuous in every way. Hut most men needed some help if they were to maintain a high standard. He emphasized the point that an Inquiry into the history of morals would show that it was Christ who Introduced the foundation ideas of altruism arid humanity into tha world. Th.c Rev. Dr. Geo.rge F. Pentecost said that in this country to-day there was only one convert every year for every twenty professing Christians. "That amounts," he said, "to one convert for every ■ In twenty years. It tells its own story. Christians are not at work. Thoy are con tented with their own conversion, satisfied that they can read their title clear to their own man sions in the Bkies, ami with that they rest. It is really a practical apostacy. And a man gets out of Christianity just about in proportion to what he puts into It in the way of earnest endeavor and devotion." The Rev. James B. Ely, who has been actively connected with tont work In Philadelphia for some years, and who will have charge of the coming 'tent campaign" under the auspices of a Joint committee in thin city this Bummer, also spoke. The tent Evangel Is entirely Independent of this Joint movement, but will work in harmony with It. Mr. Ely expressed his interest in tl/e work of the Evangel and urged the members of neighboring churches to give it their support. Tho work of the joint committee Is scheduled to begin on June 20. There are to be six ■• nts In different parts of Manhattan. The Rev. D. Asa Blackburn, pastor of the Church of the Stranger?, also spoke. TEEIR SECEET MARRIAGE FORGIVEN. Henry Schwerin Gives Reception in Honor of Son's Wife. Brilliant with light from cellar to garrot. and with the parlor floor filled with merry relatives and guests, was the home of Henry Schwerin, at Xo. 349 Vernon-ave.. Brooklyn, last night. It was a reception to celebrate the homecoming of his son's young wife. Leah Rospp.feM. of N 1,128 Myrtle-aye., whom the son. J. Edward Schwerin. had married on January 9 of this year, against the wish of his parents. The young couple had known each other sinco childhood, but the girl, though pretty, was poor, and the young man's health was not good. For these reasons the bridegroom's parents objected to the wedding. When they discovered, about a month ago, that the marriage had taken place, they at flret determined to have It annulled, but finally resolvad to make the best of It by In viting- the relatives and friends of both families to last night's reception. The bridegroom la a prosperous young mer chant, who deals In advertising- novelties, having an office at No. 475 Broadway. Manhattan, and another In Chicago. The couple were quietly married on the date named at the Greenpoint Synagogue by Rabbi Luetke. They lived at the Hotel Clarendon, Brooklyn, for five weeks after their marriage, the bridegroom telling his par ents that he had been away on a trip to Chi cago, and the bride explaining to her folks that she had been living with a relative. Friends of both told the bridegroom's parents at last, and then there was trouble for a while, until mutual friends interceded for the young people. The son and daughter-in-law will live with the son's parents for a time, until their own home Is ready for them. AMERICAN CARS MAKP GOOD SHOWING. Vienna, Mi\ 21.- The thrfr- drtys' autombobile en durance con:- a Brealau and Vienna were completed this afternoon without serious accident. The American machine made an excellent showing In short distance and hill climbing contests. COST OF GAS. THE PRICE OF GAS OUTSIDE OF NEW YORK CITY. In no other City of this State is there a uniform one dollar rate. The average rate paid for light in all communities in New York State is gross L7O and net (for prompt pajment) 1J57 per thousand feet No City of over 500,000 population in the United States has a rate lower than $1.00. The three or four smaller cities in the United States able to shave the dollar rate all have special advantages, such as location in or close to coal fields, where they pay but a fraction of New York's prices for coal. The difference on this account amounta in in stances to from 12 to IS cents per thousand. All of the facts bo far stated relate to the Consolidated Gas Company, which distributes about 18,000,000,000 out of the 21,000,000,000 cubic feet distributed in the Boroughs of Manhattan and the Bronx. OTHER COMPANIES IN NEW YORK CITY. Tho. cost of gas to other companies than the Consolidated (as shown by their records in evidence), fwftnfltng in terest on bonds, but no dividends, is as follows: NORTHERN UNION — — •• — - 92 - 04 JJSJJIJ NEW AMSTERDAM — 90 - 99 CENTB MUTUAL M '°° CENTS CENTRAL UNION — 80 - 12 CENTB STANDARD 64 - 39 CENTS Tho average of cost on this basis, including the Consolidated at 74.64 cents (including 10 cents cash reserm for the Consolidated only), is 81.03 CENTS per thousand, WITHOUT DIVIDEND. CANDLE POWER, PURITY, PRESSURE AND METERS. The undisputed evidence showed further: That the candle power in New York City is '20 compared with 16 in Massachusetts, 16 in Canada, 14 In London, and that IT IS ONE OF THE HIGHEST CANDLE POSTERS MAINTAINED BY ANY CITY IN THE WOELD. That The Xrw York City chemist testified its purity has been uniform and^ uncriticisable. That the meters it uses are the best and all tested by the State Inspector. That the pressure maintained under the supervision of Chief Engineer Bradley, who has been for 20 yean in charge of this work, was only sufficient to meet the requirements of consumers. - That small and insufficient piping in houses, additional fixtures attached for the use of gas as fuel, and other cir cumstances quite beyond the Company's control, coupled with the growing use of gas in ranges for heating and cooking, demand the present pressure, which is at times insufficient to maintain an adequate supply at the point of consumption. That at the present rate of $1.00, if the service is computed in units of candle power, the cheapness of private light ing of New York City is not equalled in any other city in the world. That a consumer now using gas for illuminating purposes can by the Welebach burner get five times the illu mination he would from using the same amount of gas directly for that purpose. Tn view of the foregoing undisputed facts, the proposal to reduce the charge for gas in the City of New York, and considering the candle power demanded, th< r.-hnive price as compared with other communities, the margin between actual cost and selling price, the necessary expense of removing and uniforming the whole manufacturing business cf the Company at Astoria, is wholly unjustifiable and cannot justly be demanded by public opinion truthfully informed as to the real conditions. THE BROOKLYN SITUATION. Fran the Committee's Report it appears that the cost at the burner to the Brooklyn Union Company, per thou sand cubic feet sold, was 59.32 cents in 1004. In 1904, its net earnings from its gas business were $2,589,404.37. Gas at 75 cents would have cut from these net earnings something over $1,600,000, leaving a net of less than $1,000,000 to cover bond interest, dividends, reserve, and everything else. This net amount applied to a capitalization represented by $18,000,000 bonds and $15,000,000 stock would mean tha actual confiscation of the holdings of both bond and stockholders. Tho Bond interest of the Company is equal to a little over 14 cents per thousand cubic feet sold; and, adding this Bond interest to tho cost of gaa, 59.32 cents, we have a total of about 74 cents per thousand. It is apparent, therefore, that, with gM at 75 cents, the Brooklyn Union Ga§ Company, in 1904, would have been barely ablo to pay its Bond in terest, and would have had nothing left for dividends, reserve, Off any other purpose. ion Gas Company furnishes substantially all the gas consumed in the Borough of Brooklyn; its canital conaint* oi $33,000,000, $15,000,000 of it being represented by Cap! tal Stock. ■ = ESTABLISHED IX « «»o — Summer Jewelry <^^> I T will be a pleasure to show you the many novel and /|>^m£\ dainty pieces we have for summer wear. Th*>s« are $/ \iA specially designed and manufactured by us. so that we LoUls J^k not only offer you something which Is quite up-to-date, but offer dis- <£^* tlnct advantages in prices, as well. **TF* seP'^h P|"- **!«*> «•■•»• ?015? 01 5- extra length. | Hat fin. Price, $1 ° 75. <*"<*• "-«« .. let with Others. j';oo"p a " *'* I>aroqu " Pearls. a^fine amethyst. Others. 13.00 to UOO.OO and Shirt Waist Srt. Price. $33.00. Collar pin ,■•■■'■ Bntton.. Price. $70.00. Rosa sold. and iff Dins. IS peorli In each, mounted in I*"**-" hand-carvwj Oriental design, set with 14-kt gold Others. US 30 to 1540.00 and over Tou I &* nulr >< sapphires. Others. 13.25 to 1100.00 .i-M t -. ' • irjrtXi !• .... »m.so. ah sow. n-*t. .. unique ml otBW MERHOD, JACCARD & KDTG Let a< TtM^yoaoa Gtmrmi Gifiogrtr*. 5.009 llustnitots—Fres. ATLANTIC PORfS AND DiFFfcRLNUAL MATE. BALTIMORE THINKS DECISION BETTER THAN NOTH ING—BOSTON DISA PPOINTED. [BT TELEGRAPH TO the TRIBUNE.) Baltimore. May 21.— 1n commercial circles h^re the decision on differentials is regarded as a vic to-y for Baltimore. Secretary Harry Worth, of the Chamber of Commerce, who has made a care ful study of the proposition for years, says that "an auspicious outcome is found in the fact that the principle of a Just and equitable ruling in the matter of differentials has been recognized and up held." Officials and the majority of members of the Chamber of Commerce, though they would, of course, have preferred the granting of all they con tended for. are nevertheless pleased with what has Deen accomplished so far. Just what effect the new ruling will have on business in Baltimore, they say. cannot be ascertained until the export season opens again. At present the shipments of grain to any port are few. President Douglas M. Wylles said: "We did not get all that we wanted, so we have to bo satisfied with what we got." The committee of differentials of the Chamber of Commerce, under whose direction the fight for Baltimore v as made, met on Friday to discuss the situation. While, as Chairman Robert Ramsay ex pressed it. Baltimore did not get the three-cent rate, as was desired, yet some consolation was found in the fact that the New-York contention to wipe out this port altogether also went by the board. It was determined to now put forth efforts toward bringing the Gulf ports into line. The committee. it Is expected, will have its report in shape soon. Henry Lederer. member of the floor committee of the Chamber of Commerce, Eaid there was much unnecessary alarm . because of the cut in the dif ferential on flour. That almo3t all the export flour was shipped through the millers in the West and Northwest, and. as they were looking for quick service and good fort opportunities, a slight differ ence in differential would hardly influence them in the selection of an Eastern port for loudlng and shipping. As an illustration of how this city was handi capped with the differential Just set aside, the fact Is cited that Boston could load and ship five steam ers for the same money that would be required in Baltimore to clear four. Shippers in the West and Southwest naturally took advantage of this difference in expense, which did great damage to the business of this port. FEAR RUNAWAY VICTIM MAY DIE. Several surgeons, who held a consultation at the Beney Hospital yesterday over the condition of Mrs. Emily XI. Salmon, the mother of Hamilton H. Sal mon, the horseman, who was Injured In a runaway accident in Prospect Park on Saturday, were un able to hold out much hope that she would recover. They are not sure that her skull Is fractured, but they fear that on account of her age the shock may prove fatal. Mrs. Marlon S. Tooker, daughter of Mrs. Salmon, who lives with her at No. 288 Han cock-st., Brooklyn, and who was also thrown out, will recover. Both bones of her right ankle are broken and her right hip Is dislocated. £by telegraph to THE TRIBtTXa.] Boston. May 21. -a h.ird blow has been struck at the commerce of Boston by the Interstate Com ir-eret Commission's decision on the differential railroad tariff, especially as the Boston Chamber of Commerce joined with N^w-York in asking for the abolition of the differentials. While tho re duction benefits slightly all rail transportation. this is offset now, as the new rates apply to flour coming by the way of the lakes to Buffalo and by r;ul to Boston. Hitherto a flat rate has prevails* in this class, and Boston's export trade will tax* other drop. Secretary Preston of the Cham of Commerce, wh) has been at the head of tha movement on to* part of Boston, says: Nothing could be more disappointing than th« decision of the Interstate Commerce Commtsrton "■Sardine "inland freight differentials." It add* to the handicap which th« port of Boston hai b«£n laboring under for years. Boston merchants strori u» diminish the differential which existed between Baltimore and Philadelphia and Boat.m and N*w- York with regard to certain shipping points. While the dec'slon gives New-York a alight concession, In the differential on four and ex-lake grain by way of Fairport nd Erie . it leaves the differential on the bulk of the product precisely what It waa oefore. It Is both a surprise and disappointment that th« commission should reach such a finding The da clsion of the commission In this case will coat tils producers In tho Intericr of the country at least £.000.000 a year extra freight charges on roods ax ported by way of Boetcn. This Is In excess of what would he charged were the railroad tax towered to the Baltimore rate, as the commission expressed a desire to do. In view of the facts shown that flour by way of the rort of Baltimore to European points Is shipped at from three to seven cents leas than .he through rate by way of Boston and New- York, at times. it will be Interesting to see when the full weight of the decision will make Itself known. How will the commission Justify a rolin* that continues to grant a differential of two cents to Southern points? Apparently the commission has attempted in this derision arbitrarily to divide th« export traffic between the various Atlantic ports, and in so doing has levied a tax upon every pound of freight exported from the ports of New-York an.cl Boston, which tax Is paid by the producer In the Interior. The decision, In effect, says that th« rallr"-v*.s running to New-York and Boston shall not be allowed to reduce their rates In order to move a fair amount of traffic through the ports. The absurdity of the present arrangement Is Illus trated by tho fact that last year an average of on* regular line steamer a week throughout the year came to Boston from European ports with a cargo, and then went to Baltimore and Philadelphia, empty to load return cargoes, which, except for these differential rates, would have come to Bo«« ton. POLICEMAN BURNED SAVING TWO. "While rescuing Mrs. Diana Moekowlta and her ten-months-old child from a burning tenement house at No. 100 Suffolk-st yesterday afternoon Patrolman Charles Gesele, of the Williamsburg' Bridge squad, was so badly overcome that he was taken in a serious condition to Willlamsburg Hos pital Gesele carried the woman to a skylight, lift ed her to the root and then fought his way back and rescued the child. «