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'Amusements. ACADEMY~OF MUPJC-S:ls-<3«">ey Adam. Sawyer. AMBRA— 2-* Vaudevil.e. AMERICAN — 8:15 — Fedora. BlJOr— «:lS— The Music M«"ttr. (-. il/ -VlAL—*— «-- if. p-rk — Bo*tock'* CONKY ISLAND — Dreamland — Luna ram Great Animal Ar«r.a. Hrr B^.'4?!!s;WV-Thp Heir to th* HssjSk. KNJCKERBOCKKR-«:15— S«I««it Drue. T.TRIC B:ls— Fantana. NEV.-AMSTnR:-AM-S:ls-Trnby New-Tork Symphony Orchestra. Index to Advertisements. Pwre.Col AasMssssfti ...... P T* eC °6 l plP *"» c « JJ 2 Bank*™ and Brokers. 12 8 Instruction " - HIKERS; tes&l A coun^ p^rt, •...:" 1 e,«.M.1 NotJr- • j DtvTffend Norice.V.:"l3 I j Pperf«l Notice. » « Dm,. Sits. -Want««J..ll C-b Fprir.ir R-«or» W • Dr^^inc * Mil- itSSS^L^^'S « iSt : A^ici«:il 2 gunwnit^i Notices..." 4 Excursions 18 J The Turf " « Financial MeetteCsllM « Z rth !J 11 X. S ' l^«S^ 12 JHJ FurnUhed House* to Trust C£mp an!e* « £« Furnished R00ra*....1l 1-2 Work "Want*a ™ *-* Let, Ooontry 13 I] •__ Business Notices. Positive Evidence. Po*tlT» «rvl«ene« of THE NEW-TOMC TRIBUNE'S popularity mm an adrertlstnr medium !• »hown by slant •trifle* In aarertisln* far the first font months of 1900. An Unparalleled Growth. Osrtas January. February, March and April, 1905, TUB KBTW-TORK DAILY AND SUNDAY TRIBUNE printed •76,(88 nnea of adrartlslng (excluding TRIBUNE adver tisement*) more then In the easne month* of 190*- A GAIN OF OVBIR 1.191 COLUMNS: OR. IN OTHER WORDS, AJf AVERAGE GAIN OK NEARLY •00 COLUMNS OF 810 USES EACH A MONTH. TO GET RESULTS ADVERTISE IN THE NEW-TOHK TRIBUNE. CIRCULATION BOOKS OPEN. ' MONDAY, MAY 22, 1905. 777 XEWS THIS morning. FOREIGN'.— FieI? Marshal Oyama reported the repulse of two Russian attacks on May 19; no reference was made to a Japanese advance; constant skirmishing was said to be going on near the Corean bonier. == Advices from Saigon to a Paris paper said that the Russian Beet had reached Hainan, and that eleven war thlps had pat back and reached port Davot, on the Anamese coast: the move was considered a ruse. :: — t— The Russian Emperor has ordered the establishment of a national council of de fence, which merges the departments and super sedes the present Council of War. ■■ : Judge Albion W. Tourgee, the well known author and consul at Bordeaux, died from the result of an old wound. =r.=^. The Rumanian government threatened to break relations with Turkey un less demands for reparation were met. .■ . .. a Fifty Turks were reported killed in a fight with Macedonian insurgents. == Empress Augusta Victoria \ras slightly injured by falling down stairs at "Wiesbaden. DOMESTIC— Two men were killed in a riot In Chicago; it is expected that the Strike will spread to many other teamsters, and may in volve other trades to-day. == It was said at Kansas City that the Standard Oil pipe line ■which would extend their system from Bayonne to Kansas was nearly completed. = Daniel Buck, ex-Supreme Court Justice of Minnesota, died at Hanks to, Minn. ===== A fire In Wilkes liarre caused a loss of 1300.000 In il. business part of town. —^=rz A heavy windstorm caused serious damage at Fort Worth, Tex. CITY.— O. If. Leland was struck by an automobile, sustaining injuries which were ex pected to prove fatal. ■-- Alfred G. Vander- Lilt, Isaac N. Seligraan and H. H. Vreeland were among those arrested for automobile speed ing at Ardsley. — ■ Union and Confederate veterans united in decorating the graves of Con federate soldiers at Mount Hope Cemetery; an oration was delivered by General George B. Loud, of Hancock Post, Grand Army of the Republic. ■: Opening services were held at the Gospel tent Evangel; they were preceded by preaching in an automobile. == The Equitable directors are expected to meet on May 31 to hear the report of the Frick committee. THE WEATHER- Indications for to-day: Fair and somewhat warmer. The temperature yesterday: Highest, GS degrees; lowest, 4<'.. We desire to remind our readers who are about to leave the city that The Tribune will be tent by mail to any address in this country or abroad, and address changed as often as desired. Subscriptions may be given to your regular dealer before leaving, or, if more convenient, hand them in at The Tribune office. See opposite page for subscription rates. LIGHT FROM CITY REFUSE. One step toward the establishment of a large lighting plant under municipal auspices was taken last week, when the site for it in Long Island City was acquired. The designing and construction of suitable buildings there, which must soon be undertaken, will be a compara tively simple matter. In the choice of boilers and dynamos wherewith to equip the station do difficult problems are likely to be encoun tered- On the other band, the selection of the furnaces will call for exceptional care— that Is, If new method* of generating heat are adopted. Major Woodbury, whose experience as Commis sioner of Street Cleaning gives special value to bis recommendations, Ims expressed the opinion that city refuse might be utilized for this pur pose with success. EKperlments on a email scale by him encourage the belief that a larger undertaking of that kind would be wise. A further trial of the system for the lighting of the Williamsburg Bridge was au thorized last January, and it is possible, If not probable, that it will be introduced at the Long Island City station, which is designed to serve the boroughs of Queens and Brooklyn. Crematories for garbage and ashes have been In operation In foreign cities lor at least ten or fifteen fears, The original purpose for which they MM built was to get rid of those kinds of refuse in an economical and whole some fashion. Their use was dictated primarily by sanitary considerations. The only questions which arose at the outset related to the possi bility of burning: offensive substances without disseminating unpleasant odors and of dispens ing with fuel. Both of these were settled In the affirmative; and in time It became apparent that undpr favorable circumstances a surplus of heat was available that could bo devoted to the development of power for pumping, operat ing cranes or machines to crush the clinkers left by the destructors or for the generation of electricity. Somewhat extravagant expectations were ex cited by these achievements, and there has also been a disposition to magnify unduly the occa sional failure of such ventures. The real truth : undoubtedly lies between the two extremes. I The degree of success attained varies greatly, and is dependent upon a number of elements— the type of furnace used, the kind and quan tity of refuse burned and the previous prepa ration of such part of it as is very wet being the most conj?plcr.ou» factors. Dlffgmic— in the result make it Imperative to compare Ameri can methods nnd foreign methods diligently be fore drawing conclusions, but they nre far from proving the inadvlsabillty of using city refuse for fuel at the projected Long Island City sta tion. Throe classes of material, which in New-iork nre collected and disposed of separately, can be turned to account nt a municipal crematory —garbage, ashes and street sweepings. That first mentioned baa s low fuel value, especially if dumped Into a furnace without being dried. Again, It has been found abroad that in winter there is n liberal supply of ashes and only n little garbage, whereas in summer the situation is reversed. This variability in the character and quantity of refuse has suggested the adoption at some foreign stations of supplementary pro vision for using coal in emergencies, such pro vision consisting chiefly of the substitution of a different grate for the one ln ordinary ser vice. The propriety of another precnution is pointed out by "Engineering News" (of this city), which Is not oversangulns about the out come of any attempt here to Imitate British nnd German undertakings. That periodical declares that it would be a mistnke to burn mixed refu.se In B furnace meant for only one variety, or to burn one kind nlone ln a furnace intended for a mixture. In other words, the destructors should be planned with special ref erence to tho work demanded of them, and in their use the original intention should be ob served scrupulously. These requirements seem to present no In superable obstacle to the adoption of Major Woodbmys recommendations. Indeed, what has been done once can be done again, the same conditions prevailing. Until a period has elnpsed which includes two or three cold months and two or three warm ones It would be difficult to determine how uniform and abun dant the supply of city refuse in New-York would prove to be. Uncertainty on these points having once been dispelled, it should be feasi ble to outline a safe policy for the Ix>ng Island City plant without delay. GAIXS FOR NEW-YORK. Tbe Merchants' Association of New- York has not accomplished nil that It hoped for lv seek ing arbitration of the export differential ques tion by the Interstate Commerce Commission, but it may be well satisfied, on tho whole, with the result of its efforts to secure for this port the benefit of its natural advantages. On its Initiative the commercial bodies of Boston, Philadelphia and Baltimore were, brought to submit to the commission the old controversy over tlie railrond rates made to divert to the Baltimore and Philadelphia lines freight which, but for the discrimination, would come to New- York. Tbe Interstate Commerce Commission had no power in the matter, and it was only on agreement of the parties in interest that it undertook to decide whut was Just. Tbe Commission does not uphold New- York's contention that it should have tho same rate as Baltimore and Philadelphia. Thoso two cities nre nearer Chicago than New- York, and have a certain natural advantage over New- York and Boston for the Land haul, though the latter are nearer Europe, and the distance from Chicago to Liverpool is practically the same by all four routes. It might thus be expected thnt tlie combined land and water rates would be equal over the different routeß, and an Ideal condition would secure to each port the benefit of its enterprise, shipping facilities and bank ing and Insurance conveniences. These advan tages are. however, so enormously predomi nant in New-York that an equal rate would allow almost all of tho trafflc to come here. The result -would be a vast loss of business to the railroad lines going to Baltimore, Philadel phia snd Newport News. The Commission holds that the interest of the common carriers must not bo lost sight of. Their aMUry to serve , the communities which they touch depends on their securing a steady traffic, and tiie general ' welfare is promot<Hl by rates which will pro vent their being left without business. So, as a sacrifice to patriotism, New-York must con cede a lower rate to the ports less favored by nature and less highly developed by man. New-York's contention that the differential under which It has loutr suffered is unreason able is, however, sustained. For years Boston and New York liave had the samo all rail rate on flour, Philadelphia a rate two cents a hun dred pounds lower, and Baltimore, Norfolk nn-.i Newport News a rato throe cents lower. The Commission deckles tbat the differential be re duced t<> two cents for Baltimore and its group of ports, and to one cent for Philadelphia. It thinks that Boston is at a disadvantage when put on an equal basis with New-York, and that hereafter some concession may be necessary for it. The differential on grain traffic by rail is left where it. was placed by the carriers In 1899, at one cent and one and a half cents, a reduction of GO per cent from the old rate. The grain differential for tlie lake and rail route Is radically reduced to three-tenths of a cent for Bultimore and Philadelphia, on the ground that they have not the natural claim to a share of this (raffle that they have to tho nil rail exports; but the differential is not en tirely abolished, as mi^'lit perhaps be expected, because to do so would entirely eliminate com petition in tliis field. It is clear that the verdict Is In a sense a compromise. It insures, however, to New- York exporters a better chance than they have had for years. If tho now rates nre to be accepted as fair, then thero has long been a heavy burden upon our trade. No wonder onr merchants com plained that tho grain nnd flour business was falling off, while that of other towns was grow ing us Jf under artiiicinl stimulus. Tho. con siderable reduction of differentials must en courage them to new activities, and should make worth their while attention to tho other obstacles to the largest prosperity of this port, such as excessive lighterage nnd elevator charges. They have the promise of an enlarged canal, and now tlie actuality of more favora ble rates. Tlie time is ripe for farseelng and unselfish enterprise to make New-York a great er centre of commerce than ever before. SECURING FOREIGN TRADE. Much space is given, and Is deservedly given, In "Daily Consular Reports" to a letter from Mr. McNally, the American consul at Liege, Belgium, on efforts to secure foreign trade Stationed in one of tlie chief industrial districts of Europe, Mr. McNally appreciates keenly the growing competition among tlie nations, and sees what is required of this country If It i<j to secure and to hold a leading place In the markets of the world for its manufactured goods. For America to remain quiet, he says, nnd to Indulge thoughts of security by reason of up to date methods, the protective tariff and what not will In the end prove disastrous. Wo must "get buey." and we must do co, he urges In detail. In precisely the manner that bos been again nnd again set forth ln the columns of The Tribune. Thnt is to pay. we must in the first place adept our wnres to the markets we seek, na our rivals are doing, instead of trying to adapt the markets to our goods. Articles of all kinds are specially manufactured to meet special demands. The American producer must do the same. Goods must be cut to euit tho trade, 6ays Mr. McNally; machinery must be made to meet the demands of the various countries In which It is to be sold, even the colors to which certain peoples are close ly wedded must be supplied, and, ln brief, evorv wish and taste must be catered to in order to win and keen the markets. The Tribune has urged these Identical points as essential to the extension of American trade, especially In Central and Booth American countries. Phis consular report indicates that tht-j- are simi NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. MONDAY. MAY 22. 190^ larly essential In European trade. ™V we fundamental principles of success In all com inerclal fields. The question of credits is also emphasized. We have repeatedly called attention to the need of more extended credits In South Amer ica where British and German traders give far longer credit than Americans. Mr. McNally repeats the suggestion from Belgium. Euro pean manufacturers meet the demands of buyer* in that respect, and the demands of buyers are for long credits In countries where retail dealers seldom if ever present their bills of toner than twice a year. Where business men are accustomed to credits of from six to twelve months, the American demand for pay ment in thirty or at most sixty days is al ways unwelcome and often a hardship. It is manifestly a handicap to American trade. We must adapt ourselves to those whose patronage we seek, in style of goods and also in terms of payment If not, the manufacturers who will do so will outstrip us in the competition. These points are so simple that they should be axio matic, yet it seems necessary to repeat them and to emphasize them with argument— work which is done effectively In the report which we have quoted. PRICES AT PANAMA. Much of the criticism of the President's pol icy in purchasing supplies for the Panama Canal seems to be based on the Idea that Its application would deprive American labor of employment and American manufacturers of contracts, and would divert American money to the pockets of foreign merchants. That idea, we believe, is erroneous. The President's policy contemplates no such things and would not re sult in them. Under its operation the vast bulk of anal supplies would continue to be produced by American labor, to be sold to the government by American merchants, and to be conveyed to Colon in American vessels, and the American money paid for them would go Into American pockets. That is because Americans have for years had almost a monopoly of the Panama market un dor a system of froe competition with all the world, and there Is absolutely nothing In the President's policy to deprive them of It or to make it more difficult for them to hold it. We have been supplying the rails for the Panama railroad for years, in open competition with the world. What Is there in the President's policy to prevent our continuing to do so? We have been sending machinery) engines, hardware of all kinds and other supplies thither for years, to the practical exclusion of European goods. Why could we not continue doing so just the same under the President's or the Secretary's order? We are able to ship such supplies as the canal will need to all parts of the world and to sell them profitably in competition with other nations. What reason is there in the Presi dent's policy for our not continuing to do so at Panama? No, the President's policy is not designed to exclude American goods from Panama or de crease the demand for American labor, and It would do no such thing. It would prevent the forming of combinations to compel the Ameri can government to pay extortionate prices for its supplies. It would compel American manu facturers to treat their own government on the "most favored nation" principle, and to con tinue selling to it as cheaply as they have been selling to foreigners at tho same place. If they did. that, tbey would have a monopoly of the Pnnama Canal market, and we have no doubt that they would do It. They would not let con tracts for supplies get awny from them simply because they were not permitted to mnke larger profits tiian those which tliey have hitherto been glad to make. The President's policy would not flood Parnrua with foreign goods. It would simply protect the American government from having the price of American goods sold to it arbitrarily raised above the price at which they are sold to foreigners. It would require Ameri can manufacturers 10 supply goods to the Amer ican government at Colon as cheaply as they have been and are supplying them to a foreign government or other purchaser at Colon. Such, as we understand it, is the President's policy, and such would be its effect. "GETTIXG TOGETHER" OX COTTON. One of the most sensible papers presented at the recent meeting of the American Cotton Manufacturers' Association in Knoxville was read by Harvie Jordan, president of the South ern Cotton Association. The fundamental idea which lie advanced Is that closer relations be tween planter and manufacturer nre possible than have hitherto existed. Both of them, Mr. Jordan holds, are interested In securing stabil ity In prices— a result which can only bo ac complished by outwitting nnd Kitting rid of the speculator. The spinner, ho says, cares less about low quotations than steady quotations. If a rival can buy on more advantageous terms, in consequence of frequent fluctuations and as a piece of good luck, he can soil the finished product more cheaply, to the detriment of tho manufacturer who Is obliged to pay more. From this doctrine there will !»e little dissent. Whether or not the establishment of ware houses for the storage of the crop in all lo calities where much cotton is raised will In sure the stability desired Is n question which cannot be answered offhand, but there Is at least a probability that it will promote the in terests of the legitimate purchaser as -well as those of the seller. Another of Mr. Jordan's propositions has much to commend It. He regards, any attempt sys tematically to reduce the production of cotton after this year, at any rate— impolitic. To try to enlarge the market for cotton fabrics, and thus to create a demand for all the raw ma terial which Is likely to be available, Is much wiser tlian to curtail both kinds of output. The nearness of the cotton growing States to the Isthmus of Panama nnd the prospect of Im proved facilities In the latter locality for reach- Ing Japan and China ten years hence lend force to this argument. RABIES, REAL AND IMAUIXARY. The recent death of a child in Nyaek who had been bitten by a dog three weeks before shows thut hydrophobia is a reality. The fre quency with which dog? suffer from that mal ady Las l>ecn exaggerated, but, after mlsrep resentatlon and guesswork have been elimi nated from the discussion, tliere remains an "Irreducible minimum" of fact which ought not to be ignored. One account of the circumstances under which this particular case originated says that, the animal which made the mischief having .been killed. Its bead was sent to experts in this city for examination. Such action was wise. Pasteur discovered that the brain and spinnl cord of n dog which lind rabies showed changes that could be recognized easily. If a corapetfnt person undertakes the task, there fore, it Is feasible to uscertain with a high de gree of probability whether or not a given animal has betn a victim of the disorder or not. The sooner the truth le learned the bet ter. If any suspicions which have been aroused by erratic behavior prove to be groundless, a wholesome effect will be produced by promptly allaying them. If, on the other hand, it Is learned that they were warranted, diligence should be exercised in securing the proper treat ment for persons who may have been attacked. A delay of a few days may render recovery impossible. At a meeting of a Philadelphia medical so ciety this spring Dr. M. S. Cohen reported the adoption of a measure which deserves the con sideratkni of other physicians. He had been called to attend a man nnd n l>oy •who had been bitten by v dog. The brain of the anl maL examined at the laboratory of the Pennsylvania Live Stock Sanitary Commis sion, gave characteristic indications of rabies. Thereupon Dr. Cohen decided to resort to the Pasteur system of dealing with his patients, hut he did not send them to the institute in New- York. Ho merely arranged to have a suit able quantity of serum sent to him dally from this city by mall, and he administered It him self. Thus the expense of a Journey and the Inconvenience of being away from home were avoided. Neither man nor boy developed any of tbe symptoms of hydrophobia. Dr. Cohen was not able to declare positively whether that gratifying result was due to his treatment or to the failure of the attacking animal to Inocu late his patients wltn the virus of the disease. lie bad the consciousness, however, that he had saved them money and trouble; and Inci dental benefits of that sort are not to be de spised. itOKBY AND BVBIXEBB. Although there was a slight upward tendency ln the securities market early last week, it was not brought about by any increased interest on the part of outsiders, but bore the unmistaka ble trademark of professional manipulation. The volume of sales was limited and a few specialties again monopolized attention. Subse quently there appeared a gradual sagging ten dency, and finally there was a sharp decline upon the announcement of the results at the Northern Pacific shareholders' meeting. While there was nothing In the changes of directors to cause a general collapse in prices of securities, it tended to unsettle confidence, especially among the strong interests that had been sup porting the market. Moreover, the sharp rise in grain quotations and unfavorable crop re ports were not adapted to encourage specu lative purchases, and the general Impression appeared to be that strong banking interests had decided not to resist the natural tendency of ths security market It is well to remember that, even after the sharp decline, the average of tho sixty most active railway shares is ut,Ul ■within $8 a share of the highest point on record, attained when there was a wild speculative fever that extended to all classes of people, whereas the market must now look for support within the limits of an extremely narrow field. Government deposits ln the national banks were largely reduced on the first call, and part of the second instalment has already bean paid into the Treasury, while preparations for the Japanese bond payment are being made; yet the tone of the money market has actually grown somewhat easier. This unexpected result would not have occurred had tha activity and buoy ancy of the security market continued. But the demand for money on Stock Exchange collateral and ln mercantile channels has been light, and quotations of domestic exchange indicate that there is no further drain upon this centre from agricultural sections. The tendency will prob ably continue ln this direction until autumn harvest requirements turn the current, unless some unforeseen factor is injected into the financial situation. Treasury expenditures for May thus far still exceed receipts, and it is hard ly probable that the deficit for the fiscal year will be much less than $30,000,000, although there was a favorable balance of almost $11, 00O.C-X) last June. The available cash balance was reduced to less than $130,000,000. but total gold holdings are steadily rising to new records for the season. Demand for remittance against London saJes of securities strengthened foreign exchange, and it is also probable that there is a quiet accumulation of sterling in preparation for the Japanese bond payments. Commercial reports Indicate that expansion in the volume of trade has received a setback through the prevalence of inclement weather. This nrea of excessive precipitation and low temperature appears to extend over all parU of the country, and It has continued so long that ln many cases it will be Impossible to recover the lost ground. Nevertheless, the season's busi ness will make a decidedly favorable comparison with last year's, and in soma sections It is still possible to note an Increase over 1903. As a partial offset to the restricted movement of sea sonable iv earing: apparel and other merchandise, there has bi.-en a remarkable expansion in build ing: activity. Extensive plans for structural work have been made, and undertakings show remarkable progress in comparison with recent years because of the more rational attitude of the labor unions ln this industry. Profiting by the expensive experience of tho past, these or ganizations have encouraged confidence on the part of capital and the year promises to make a remarkable record in the building industry. Official returns indicate that foreign commerce Is expanding in a wholesome manner, results In April about equalling those of March, when al lowance is made for two fewer business days. After a further moderate advance the cotton market became fairly steady, and there was ap parently enough encouragement in the excessive rains at the Southwest to offset liberal receipts and much profit taking by small traders here and at New-Orleans. Report! from New-Eng land and Manchester testify to the liberal con sumption now in progress, and it is practically certain that spinners will use more than the av erage amount of raw materlnl during th? re mainder of the crop year. On the other hand, reports from the plantations indicate that stocks on hand are still very heavy, and. asi.le from the area abandoned because of floods, there will be less than 10 per cent reduction ln total acreage. While it is possible that much loss may occur during the remainder of the season, it !s also a fact that there is all the more reason to look for favorable weather after such misfortunes as. some sections have experienced. Winter wheat has undoubtedly suffered some deterioration from the brilliant outlook that was reported earlier in the season, but conditions In tho Northwest have improved. Manufacturing: activity is fully maintained, and there is apparently no disposition to reflect the quieter conditions in distributive trade. The textile, industries have made distinct gains, woollen mills reflecting the remarkable strength of the raw material. The London auction sales of wool closed at the highest point of the sea son, only about 10 per cent of the catalogued quantity being withdrawn, and domestic quota tions rose to the highest point of recent years. Cotton spinners were also able to maintain a strong position in view of their higher raw ma terial, and a considerable export trade might be accomplished tf specified deliveries could be made. An interesting development in connec tion with this ts the talk of a Chinese boycott on American goods, which would be a serious mat ter to the mills that have contracted for axportl fully a yesr ln advance. An unexpected amount of duplicate business In spring and summer footwear has been received by New-England producers, which will delay the beginning of work on fall orders and still further shorten the period usually devoted to inventories. Condi tions in the iron and steel Industry remain prao tlcally unchanged, heavy lines of finished steel being In brisk request; but no new tonnage of Importance ln pig Iron Is expected until July. Dollar gas for New-York looks very econom ical in a list headed by Canandaigua, which pays $2 30. but it would not look so well were Glas gow added to the list at 00 cents, with a rats of 48 cents for power. The New-York correspondent of "The Glasgow Herald," in proffering some advice to Mr. James Dalrymple. who has been Invited by Mayor Dunne to come to Chicago for a brief visit to give the Mayor the benefit of his knowledge of municipal ownership and operation of street railways, says: "it will take Mr. Dalrymple " flhaut a. x^xub. to learn, th» names of the ChJ "ea»o streets, for Chicago Is very provincial, and "shows Its provinciality by Its failure to put up "the names of the streets." Happily for New- York's credit in the Scotch metropolis, the cor respondent failed to note the fact that New- York shares this provinciality to perhaps an oven greater extent than Chicago In the matter of street signs. The two cities are. at least, about on a par in this failure to afford strangers a clew to their whereabouts. Perhaps the aldermen by putting their heads together can provide a suitable block pavement for lower Broadway. Lord Charles Beresford. vice-admiral of the British navy, says the Russian and Japanese fleets will meet In a few days, that Japan will win, and that the slaughter of men will be so great as to startle the civilized world. As a short range prophecy Lord Beresford's predic tion has at least prophetic boldness. Whether It also has the other characteristic* of true prophecy will soon be disclosed. Chancellor Day Is up to date as the arbiter of dog fashions for students. The bulldog Is no longer "the thing," as dog fanciers would have told the Syracuse youth. They should get Dal matians. "Gas; A Tale of Two Cities." is having a long and well advertised run on the New-York and Philadelphia stages. The Long Island Railroad has been detected In the uae of soft coal In some of Its locomotives. It is said In defence that the wrongdoing was merely temporary and that the violation of the local statute would soon have ceased. But 1t Is well to enforce the ordinance strictly. Thero are many cases of transgression on both sides of the East River at present, and ths penalties ought to be promptly applied. Mayor McClellan has clipped the "White Wings." Now, If he were to clip the Tiger's claws, a great many people besides Tammany. ites would be surprised. PERSONAL. Mrs. Jack Gardner Is encouraging' the beautify ing of certain sections of Boston by offering prizes to those having the best window gardens. Two of the official pallbearers of Abraham Lin coln are sttlll living— Henry O. "Worthington and Alexander H. Coftroth. Both were Congressmen at the time, and both are eighty years old at pres ent. President Roosevelt will receive the degree of Doctor of Laws from Clark University on June 21, when he will attend the commencement exercises at the university. Colonel W. C. Greene, the Copper King, has planned a hunting trip into the wilds of old Mexico which, it is said, will eclipse anything of the kind that has ever been attempted. Many prominent men have been Invited to accompany him. includ ing Vice-Presideut Fairbanks. Professor Russell H. Chittenden. director of the Sheffield Scientific School, will deliver the annual Ehattuck lecture before the Massachusetts Medical Society in Boston, June 13. This is It 3 124 th annual meeting. Professor Chittenden has chosen for his subject "Some Problems of Intermediary Metab olism." Mrs. Letitta Tyler Semple. daughter of President Tyler, and mistress "t the White House during his incumbency, celebrated her eighty-fourth birthday last Thursday at her home in Richmond, Va. Tha Queen of Holland has given tIOO.OOO for the erection of a hospital for crippled children at The Haguo. The resignation of Professor Mark Bailey, who has been tn Yale's service for full fifty years, has been accepted. He may be entitled to the flrst pension under tho $10,000,000 Carnegie fund. C. H. Dallas, of Leavenworth. Kan., has a Sharp's rifle, one of a consignment sent to that State in IST« by the abolition society of Boston, In voiced as Bibles. THE TALK OF TUB DAY. Governor Deneen of Illinois has signed a bill which makes mob violence a crime in that State. Tho bill provides penalties for participation in the work of a mob endeavoring to lynch or punish a person charged with a crime, and makes the coun ty liable for damage done to property or person, and also provides for the removal of the Sheriff in such cases from office for a failure to protect his prisoner. The new law will go far toward putting an end to mob violence in Illinois. THOSE PCZZLIN'G FLEETS. Admiral Togo, -..ell us truly, where upon the globe are you? "We have heard so many rumors that we wonder which are true. One day you are sighted steaming somewhere off tne Pelew Isles. And the next your fleets have covered something like a thousand miks Rojestvensky. tell us truly how it is that you can be One d;ty in the Indian Ocean, also in the Yellow Sea? Here's the cab;.=>: "Russians sighted steamirg past VareUa Cape." Then a postscript (little later): "Russians beached and out of shape." Second postscript: "Russians coaling to the south of Kgoi Isles." Later postscript: "Shirs at rinjhai" (distance twenty hundred miles). Ananias was a libber, which nobody can deny, But he never touched the fellow who sends cables from Shanghai. (.Chicago News. As a family record the following w»uld be hard to beat: In the town of Thurso, England, a man eighty-seven years old still follows his duties as superintendent of some flagstone quarries. Among the workmen he has seven eons, six sons-in-law, twenty-nine grandsons, four husbands of his grand daughters and two great-grandsons. Forty-nine members of one family, all connected with the same trade, employed In the same works and Uv- Inic in the same district la something decidedly out of the common. Robert Clarke, the artist, tells this Story: "One fS&wn °i U } w , alkln & w 'th a friend of his. this rifrkL c^ ' a , lntd °, a toothache and asked Mr. Clarke what he * Could adviae him to buy. as they J£™Lj n n i " f n dru B *ti>re. 'Why/ said Mr h^« \r>A h ° last ,, tlmo I had a toothache i went home and my wife kissed it aw for me. 1 After home now? — (Chicago Tribune. §IS > OUr Wlfo home now? '—(Chicago Tribune. Th. authorities at "VVlnneld offered to give a thief his freedom if he would run fifty yards In six sec onds and pay the costs in his case. The thief ran the distance in the stipulated time, but attained such momentum that he did not stop to pay the costs. DetsfmUtlc" w^r"""". 1 . teU t' OU what '" Crumbled the they used to In th ??°? Ie aln>t Klvip '' "P s llko V*> ca > l ° n the old days." "That's rlcht " re n L blrihriS' ? UUtr - "™ nk o« Ksau. who gave deiphVa^JgeV f ° r & me " Of Pottage."_(Pnila- An Indian Territory editor makes this frank re mark: "Ten years ago we entered the newspaper business poor, but honest. We are still poor." Shattering Her Hon^ \t^ r>\ » v. » It operate, rake, for caked mud. "SQueegees" for wet weather, a revolving brush «<> a set of over tton. AU the refuse goes into a box It works at tlon. AU the refuse goes into a box It works at the rate of eight miles an hour. Misunderstood. — Lieutenant / >. visitors over battlwhtp^Tlita l?*Ih Wln " party w Of One of th« Party _o^«. T la .v the 2 uarter de<'K free!-(l'lttßbur» Dispatch.' thou Sht It was all When the truant officer «»-- . IndlAnapolls smaH hoy h a?2i ""* WhT *" i-chool he received, according . ab * nt fr ° m and a oaoa 0 I don't UkJ "to askth« 7°^ th *t T* to keep Johnnie at J^^J^^^ All Settled.— Tesa— Harry t^i i propose to a girl I know h£.t IV ce K ha wai « oln * «0 LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. MASSACRE VERSUS RECTPROCm. Arbitration Treaties Should Mais Wai Unnecessary. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: The hearts of all humane men aa<s wenta are saddened during these pleasant "print <?•*» by the ominous shadow of a frightful imMMi? catastrophe which we are powerless to mjul Fifty thousand men, well meaning as men go, ha. prisoned In costly cages, are seeking each other en the high seas In order to burn, drown and tsar each other to pieces. The hard earnings of mliHcns of workers, the resources of two great nation* have been taxed to pay the cost. On* burdnd thousand unenfranchised women— mothers, wtT»s, sisters and daughters— are awaiting In suspeas* ths ruin of their homes. Many thousand lnnootct children will become fatherless. The fln« m future of unborn generations is mortgaged. And for what end? To create an artificial tornado^ % ir.anufactur*>d earthquake, a wholesale shipwreck, a railroad collision multiplied a thousand fold, la order thereby to settle a. controversy between selfish rilers who live In luxury and take special pain--, to protect their personal safety m«aawhi*tf Is It not time that civilized men aad women ut rational foresight and remove tUe caus* of such needless waste of human Ufa and treasure? For the cause Is removable, the prevention elaapl» tacj effective. Having already established ftvcrrwlura courts of domestic appeal. is it not time for na tions to establish similar courts, with jurisdiction over international controversies? Order Is Heaven's first law. Government Is or- C er. Even despotism Is prefsr&ol* to social chaos. Five hundred years ago, before courts of justice) were established In Europe, private war prevailed. In the absence of an International court, or of ar bitration treaties, there is no arbiter of contro versy but brute force, and war !s unavoidable* Our country is not without re»i>oiuiibllity for the present contest In the Far East. At the close or the war between China and Japan, when the pirat ical designs of Russia and other Continental pow ers became apparent. Great Britain and Japan in vited our government to urJte with them to pre vent the disroeinbershlp of China and to maintain an "open door" for the commerce of the world. This we declined to do. Had we done so the grab game in which Russia, Germany. France aai Eng land subsequently participated would not have taken place. The Boxer uprising, which our gov ernment was forced to take part In impressing, followed aa a protest against European spoliation of Chinese territory, and resulted in the onward march of Russia to the Vaclnc. If our government at that critical period liar*. consented to stand for "reciprocity and the open door" there would have been no Boxer uprising and no war to-day be tween Russia and Japan. It was unfortunate that cur Senate last ystr, Impelled by jealousy of the Executive, refused to ratify the arbitration tieatles. Let us hope that Congress when it convenes will tak* steps to re vive those treaties or to reopen The Hague con ference for the establishment and perpetuation i of International peace. HENRY B. BLACKWELU Dorchester. Mass.. May 20, 1305. A SIMPLE BUSINESS PROPOSITION. To the Editor of The Tribune, Sir: A Protectionist since Henry Clay's day. I view with equanimity the protests of some excel lent men opposed to our buying supplies for tha Panama Canal anywhere excejpt la the home mar ket. The Impulse is no doubt patriotic, but ther« is not a man of them who would not buy a ship, a yacht, or any other commodity measuring up Into a round sum. where he could make the closes: trade. That would be a paternal government In deed which would pay a higher prica for the same thin? to Brother Jonathan than John Bull would freely offer it i'or. This matier is a simple bibinws proposition. '1 ri- business sense of the country. having amply protected the Interests of its workers. now wants ships, rails. ehov*>ls and what not for the great humanitarian enterprise it has in hand. This same business ser.3« will oppose the paying of any considerable amount over and above the cost of croducins at the reasonable margin of profit the goods it wants, no matter where ther are made. The President and the Secretary of "War can be trusted to permit n:> cheeseparing economy; but any corporation or Individual who attempts to hold up this government by pools in this world's work, or needless exactions, or paltry combina tions, will merit and receive a condemnation com mensurate with the Infamy of its or his conduct. As for ships and rails, Is* us buy the best good* for the money where they are cheapest. Brooklyn. May 17. 13-.6. J. M. M. MACN\ CONDOLENCE WITH THE CZAR. To the Hdltor of The Tribune. Sir: A voice evidently too small to be regarded was recently raised in the hall 3of tha national leg islature protesting against the President's mesaago of condolence to the Russian Czar, when one of his family had met death in a form Impossible to b» inflicted upon one of proved criminality m. a coun try more at peace within its borders. Officially the expression of sympathy was de manded, but not as urgently as by the temperament of the man who has been elected by an unprece dented majority to the Presidency of a nation tnrlce anguished through the assassination of Ita Chief Executive. J- W. M. Avon. N\ T.. May 16. 1903. ECONOMY. To the Editor af Sir: The declared policy of the Panam . Comrn!ssio!i la to buy material abroad. U at a cheaper price. Why, then, pay America I -tiitils sioners? Foreign prices for material. Foreign salaries for commissioners. The canal being an International affair the lowest price paid anywhere should be :: - a right salary. Let economy begin right at the top. EZRA. V,*. »> ILL*I*VI*.S« Orange. N. J.. May 17. 1905. SOUSA PLEASES LARGE AUDIENCE. John Philip Sousa returned to Broadway M night for one performance, the first since his Euro pean trip. The Metropolitan Opera House held a large audience, which testified to the pleasure *h!ch the vigorous conductor, his vigor ■ band and vig orous music inspired. The programme was mada up of Sousa music, with fewer of his swinging marches than the audience would have liked, al though some were given as extras. Miss Estelie Liebling sang "What Is Love." a soprano solo. Miss Jessie Straus played ■ violin solo. "Nymph alia." Herbert L. Clarke. Sousa's solo cornetist, gave '"O Warrior Grim." from "El Capitan." -'Her Ladyship the Countess." "Her Grace th* Duchess and "Her Majesty the Queen." episodes from "At the Kind's Court," written for SousaVs British tour: airs from "The Bride Elect." "Mars ar.J Venus, ' "Nydia," from "The Last t>ays of FOmpeff*; 'Tea iMplomat" and "The Dancing Girt" were other numbers. Sousa has lost none of the mannerisms which en deared him to Broadway and the vaudeville minilca. DINNER TO AMERICANS AT ROME. Rome-, M.: 2L— The Rev. I>r. Rotvrt J. Nevin, rector of the American Church here, fc-^ve a dinner to-night in honor of Senator A. O. Bacon, of Geor gia, and Silas Mcßee. Editor of 'The Churchr.:an," of New-York. Among tin gneata were S^ncr Caa nonlco. President of tha Senate; Baron Sonnlr.o, former Minister of Finance: Professor Foni. di rector of the excavutions at tho Forum; G. IV. Breck, director of the American Academy, and Professor Norton, director of tiio American Clas sical School. WILLIAM WINTER IN CHICAGO. Appreciation of His Address on "Hie Ihea« tre and the Public." From The Chicago Saturday Evenlr.gr Herald. A great Bum told some great truths In a great manner Monday evening 1 (Miy 1). ilr. William Winter, the dean am ■ - tho dramatic reviewers ol this country, who for mort» th:m forty years nai written of tho drama for The New- York Tribune; who hns given endless evidences cJ his critical Judgment; who hus vhowa rare tiualltles as a true poet; who liM.-t led Englishmen and Asuttiemaa to tho tomb of Shak'speare; who has guided tfca thoughtfi:l minds of two great nations to a tetter appreciation of Shake*r>ear» nnd oi Shakesj-ve a Rngland; who has written with strer.K'.h and ten (l^rnens, with enthusiasm .T.d skill, with sneerttr and charm of the nobility of tho playor's c:»!llr.s; who has given to the world of art a snail library from his fertile I*ll, who has t^en the constant companion anil the cho.«en friend of the ens.nfnt men and women of the sta*-»; who has ever L*ra learned. eloquent and belpfnl, and who has la m writii - 1 imlicated a BspertQf knowledge ww a !•'" cillty of axprwslo glvt.u to but few morUU£ »M the man who. at tho annual meeting cf tlio Twc:: tleit Century Club. *uUr?*sed .i cultu.ed au<l:mc« on • > Thr» Theatra and tho Vullle." Mr. Winter •poko with boldness and with daring, wtih rervcr r.nd with tcndern<^s of th<» blnstasa and tte , •y,'? thai attend oi:r staß«« to-d.ny. (tvtaS B> a sr^n"' l Rilmnse of th«« mntneni playrn who Uhirr.lned xc^s. art aurlns the last tlfry Tears, and of others «1 0 bad mads the theatre tlw mwoa of the ' **. s ; men and women wh»> had ever either adorned or appreciated art in its fulness. Mr. Winter tola «-J of the relations of the public to th* th*atra. ana referred wiih some bitterness to "that ejnica* lovlty that hn^ «ivrn birth to tl\«» theuire'j >« did commf»rct' with poputeT c:'.prk-<«." Mr WlKlerN uddr^s was i>:i«w">f the most rr markablo h..:»r:! here in many ftSwr. irVr onre wo hwwrd Rnsllah In >»!1 it? ht«*uty. purtty * : ■ •tren«th. Wt Ustrncq to •entenen that wer* a> mist su).lln;c In ttielr distinction, s^nwnces •'' »^ mendous Import. In which bitins shaft* or s* l^;, o followed tho most exquisite gems of poetic tno«P»-^ «*nteucf« writ con fey a scooiar «»q 33<?4SJL5* •. master.