Newspaper Page Text
RUSSIAN ENVOY'S KISS.
Osculation In Diplomacy Seriously Considered. Many of us have tipped the conductor of a. railroad train when anxious either to secure favors from him or to reward him for having granted them. But It has remained for M. Witte, president of the Council of Ministers in Russia, and the Czar's principal plenipotentiary at the peace congress at Portsmouth, to give expression of his gratitude to a conductor by imprinting a chaste kiss upon his forehead. The conductor thus embraced was in charge of the train which took the statesman from Newport to Boston, and It is stated that M. Witte restricted this form of salute to him. withholding it from the engine driver and from the fireman. They had to re? main content with a mere handshake. No in? formation is vouchsafed as to the manner in which the conductor received the envoy's kiss Perhaps ho was impressed by the huge stature of the Muscovite diplomat At any rate. It is not on record that he manifested any signs of resentment although it is probable that he would have preferred one of the $100 tips with which the diminutive Baron Komura and the members of his Japanese mission seem to have rewarded those who attended to their welfare and comfort at the hotel In which they were quartered during their stay In this city. In order to understand this kiss of M. Witte. Which has aroused more widespread attention among the American people than any other inci? dent or feature of his mission so far?and which may be regarded as a happy augury of the kiss of peace to be bestowed by him later on Baron Komura?it must be remembered that the president of the Czar's Council of Ministers is an old railroad man. that he began at the very bottom of the ladder, and that he, too, has earned his living, not only as a conductor, but even as a brakeman. He probably experienced? therefore, a sort of brotherly feeling for the New-England conductor, Thleren, and gave ex? pression thereto In the manner peculiar to most of the nations of Continental Europe, that Is to 6ay. by means of a kiss. Here In America oscu? lation among brothers when they happen to be grown men is no^ common, and fraternal senti? ments find, as a rule, adequate manifestation in a handclasp, supplemented possibly by an af? fectionate slap on the back or pat on the shoul? der. The same is the case In Great Britain and In her colonies; in fact -h_ all English speaking countries. But throughout Continental Europe the existence of brotherly sentiments is ex? pressed by osculation, not only in the Latin countries, but also in Germany, Scandinavia, the Central and Eastern parts of Europe, and Rus? sia. In the last named, for Instance, religious fes? tivals of note, such as Easter, following periods of rigorous fasting, give rise to such universal sentiments of good will that brotherly love reigns for the nonce supreme, and even the ?zar himself salutes on the morning of Easter Sun? day the sentinels on duty at the doors of his apartments an at the gates of bis palace with the exclamation of "Christ is risen, brother." and a kiss. On festivals such as these the sovereigns of Slavonic nations are supposed to embrace all the principal dignitaries of court army and ?t?te, and it may possibly be recalled that the ?risis which led to the separation of Natalie of ?ervia from King Milan, her departure from his flominions, his abdication, and the series of mis? fortunes culminating in the shocking murder of her only son, King Alexander, was precipitated by her refusal, at an Easter Sunday reception of the diplomatic corps at Belgrade, to accord the kiss of peace to Mme. Naso, the Greek am? bassadress, who was the favorite for the time being of the King. Good old President Loubet when at the grand military review held at Longchamps on July 14 last, to eelehrate the anniversary of the fall of the Bastile he invested several generals and colonels with the higher grades of the Legion of Honor, embraced each of them, after pinning the insignia on their tunics. He Is the Grand Master of the order which theoretically forms one large fraternity, and the accolade which he gave to the officers in question was intended to give expression to the fact that they be? longed to one great brotherhood, bound to? gether, so to speak, by a band of red ribbon. Until the accession of King Edward not only each peeress, but every daughter of a peer was entitled to a ceremonial kis3 from the sovereign ?n presentation at court and at Dublin Castle the Viceroy, as Lord Lieutenant of the mon? arch, was required by etiquette to accord a similar salutation to every woman presented, no matter whether young or aged, married or single, homely or beautiful. Fortunately the vast majority of the daughters of Erin are ex? trem? -ly attractive, so that the Lords Lieutenant seldom complained, and it Is doubtful whether the reform Instituted by Edward VII. in abol? ishing vice-regal osculation at Dublin Castle was as DODular as most of the other innova? tions which he has instituted. He, however. Justly took the ground that since he himself had sacrificed the monarchical prerogative of kissing debutantes at court there was no rea? son whatsoever why the Viceroy of Ireland should continue to enjoy it as his repr?senta? tive. It may be added that until now the Na? tionalists have not seen fit to add this measure on his part to the long list of wrongs to which they claim the Emerald Isle has been sub? jected by the British Crown. There are certain forms of ceremonial kiss, however, which Edward VII has not attempted to abolish. Thus, archbishops and bishops of the Church of England, ambassadors and min? isters plenipotentiary, cabinet officers and the great dignitaries of court and of state kiss his hand at the audience at which he conf?Ts on them their appointment, and the fact that they have "kissed hands on appointment" ?s always .eeordel in the royal "Court Circulai-" ami in "The London Gazette." Similar homage is paid to Emperor William, to the venerable Francis J?jseph of Austria, to the Czar of Russia, to the Sultan of Turkey, to the Kings of Sweden and of Denmark, to the sovereigns of Spain and Portugal and to many of the minor rulers of Germany. Indeed, one of the most picturesque Incidents of the ceremony of the accession to the crown of Emperor William was when at the close of his first speech from the throne old Prince Bismarck and the still more aged field marshal. Count Moltke. both of them stepped forward and bowed low, to kiss the hand of th? ycung monarch whom they had known Inti? mately ever sim-e his earliest infancy. Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria is the only Christi an prince of the blood who ?s on record as Ipivirig accorded this act (if homage to the Padishah. Besides being ruler of Bulgaria he is, theoreti? cally, at any rate, governor general of the Otto? man province of Eastern Roumella, and it was THE SLEEPING BEAUTY. Uncle Podger?I've bought a nice book for you. Jack?What's it about, uncle? Uncle Podger?It is called "The Sleeping Beauty," and is about a girl who slept and slept and slept, and there was no one who could wake her. Jack?Was she a servant airl??(The Tatler. in this capacity that he kissed Abdul Hamid's hand, fortunate, indeed, to escape so easily, for most Turkish governors of provinces and digni? taries of the Sublime Porte have to be content with kissing the hem of the stambuline, or coat of the Sultan. At the Vatican alone the an? cient token of respect exacted by the Roman emperors of kissing the foot has been retained since the seventh or eighth century. The kiss? ing of the cross on the embroidered slipper of the Pope continues to this day es a form of eti? quette at the Pontifical court and although Pius X at first sought to do away with the cus? tom, yet he has finally yielded to the require? ments of the traditions of the Roman Catholic Church in the matter. Queens' hands are invariably kissed by the men to whom they extend them, and often by women as well. Thus, all the younger princesses of the reigning house of England kiss the hand of Queen Alexandra with a pretty courtesy when they happen to meet her anywhere, and ladies of less exalted rank are naturally ready to ac? cord to her the same mark of deference. In Germany, Austria and in Russia, not only do all the nan of birth and breeding kiss the hands of the women of their caste and of the princesses of the blood, but even younger women are wont to pay this act of respect to the older ladies of their class. In France the custom has been abandoned to a great extent, except among cer? tain of the families of the ancien r?gime in the Faubourg St t'ermain, of Paris, and among th. Infinitely more conservative houses of the old provincial aristocracy. Monarchs gre?-t one another with a kiss when paying visits ?,f state. This Is a matter of cere? mony, and mure as an Indication of their e?iual ity of rank and of their broth??rho?id as sov? ereigns than as any token ?if affection. Nicholas II of Russia accorded an embrace t<> President Faure when tin? latter vlaMod St. Petersburg; and the matter aroused no end of comment But President LoabeS has bail to be content with hearty handshaki-.? from the European sover? eigns with whom he has be?-n brought In con? tact. Emperor William, for instanc?-. will greet the kings of Wurtemberg and of Saxony and the rulers of Italy and of liussla with an embrace when they visit hin? at Berlin. Just as King Ed? ward welcomed Iiniii Carlos <jf Portugal. Don Alfonso of Spain and Victor Emmanuel of Italy in a similar manm-r on their arrival in Eng? land to stiy with him. But a prince of the blood not a full fledg? d sovereign would have to be satisfied with a mere handshake. Mon? archs prior to th?- Fit-formation w-re r?-<iuir?-d to kiss the Pope's foot aad -Empesas Justinian is on re?'or?l as having been the tirst rul?-r to con eede this form of salutation to Fops COastaattas I, when he entere?! Cens tant-Copte, in 710 A. D. But nowadays the anointed ?if the Lord, when visiting the Pontiff, contant themselves with em? bracing him as a soars fellow sovereign. Ceremonial kissing dates from the earliest times. Long prier to the Christian era those Initiated into the Eleuslnlan mysteries kissed each other in token of brotherhood and of equal , knowledge, and so did the early Christians at the Agape, or love feast But in the fourth century the Council of Carthage found it nec? essary to forbid all religious or ceremonial kiss? ing, especially the osculation in church, because it tended to unedifying indecorum. Indeed. there are some old Latin writings which would seem to indicate that the smacks were too loud, something like Petruehio's kiss, when he Kiss??d her lips with such a clamorous smack. That at the parting all the church did echo. We know that the old Romans kisse?l, not however, for the sake of love, but to find out "if the wife had b??'n drinking wine in the mas? ter's absence," and it is on record that the an? cient Greeks made their wives ?^at onions when? ever they were going from home, realizing that the kiss of a very Venus would be distasteful with a flavor of garlic hanging round her deli? cate mouth. That kissing was well known in the days of Mahomet is manifest from the fact that, in accordance with his explicit Injunction, Mos? lems to this day kiss the ground in the direc? tion of Mecca when performing their daily orisons. Shakesp?are's works are full of refer? ences to osculation, and history teaches us thai in the fourteenth century guests In Englan. and France were expected on arrival and de? parture to kiss not only the hostess, but all th? women of the family. Erasmus, in describinj his sojourn in England, writes: "If you go ti any place yon are received with a kiss by ait? If you depart on a Journey you are dismissed with a kiss. You n-turn, Maas* are exchar. They come to visit you, a kiss is the first t? They leave you, you kiss them all round." In olden times a kiss was the fee exacted by t gentleman from his partner In the dance, and there were some dances the music of w wound up with two not?-s. which were under? stood tf? mean "kiss her." In conclusion. I may state that it Is gratify? ing to reflect that man (and, of course, woman a? well) is the only animal that knows how to kiss. Not even the monkey, with its wonderful pow? ers of imitation of ?-veryfhing hu able to acquire the art. The kiss may therefora be regarded as a sure evidence of intellect and of civilization; and it may be interesting to _dd that according to a recent decision g!v Dutch tribunals and confirmed by the highest courts of appeal of the Netherlands, kissing Is no legal offence, not even when the kisser is a perfect stranger to the person kiss*'l. law Is less liberal. It would construe ar?. SS thorized -itid uninvite?! kiss as "an ass.. whereas the sensible Dutch Judges take UM ground that a kiss cannot be an offence, it 13 in the nature of a . - * thy." KX-ATT.VH.-_, 11A HA 11 AX FIREWORKS. Burning Brands of Wood Thrown from Top of a Cliff. Honolulu. July _t.?In accordance with t tion, the- I . tha north side of the island of Kauai last .... These ftreworks ars m t off only on? y.-ars, and ar> . t.? propitiate the | of the air, sky and waters. The pr?s.-nt : is the first held sir :exation of I ands, and attracted widespread attention, eial steamers carrying crowds to the specta The pyrutechnical display took place at the top of a cliff three thousand feet high. ?: of throwing lighted pieces of w. space. Th?-s?' brands are espec: and ar?- thrown by the hundred over I of ths cliff. The wo,,,i asad mm d had been car? fully saved for a ioug tirae, su o3 to be dry and light. Only a gen ti?; bssasa is re..ju:r?-d to sustain the blazing pieces of w.jo.l, so that they des -rradually to the beach below. There is a . . in the range of th?- cUV sometimes carry the Hazing firebrands ir. f.r>-i.t d.r?cte.;:s befort they complete * descent Frequently the blazing wood is straight outward from the edge of the cliff b a where the brand wu_ thrown by the nativ.- i p erator: then a current of air eateries th. and deflects it to the right or left, and I flaming torch descends slowly another curr at may drive it bach against the face of the Ths weird gyrations psift-iauil by the tor-hts are beHevad by the superatitio? Uves to iie du?- to supernatural agency, aiai taey watch with awe the erratic descent of the countless numbers of lighted brands, a speetaw cle that is brilliant and kaleidoscopic On the pr?-sent occasion senas of the voting-* gem-ration of natives departed h their fathers by openly declaring th i blazing pieces of a.1 wmwm tied t? ; had been caught before in anticipai ? display. SPANISH VELVETA A chemically pure skin foo?l Will posit;-.-,.'. r?mo?? blackheads, whit.-n ana nourish t?:e skr . for sun hum and tan. col and s..^ - -l \si.it \ . 1 . i-.l-A is Ni,'T GRSA-TV It rf-im. Prie. 5Sc. F r sale at OK. '?TtM . \ - CHIROPODY- MAM? I KK PAKIORS. tO-l_W-sT.' RIPTIRED Don't ruin your healt' r (rolnur to mechanic?; it's too Important You- _? in Ufe depend- on good health. Mechanic- ma cure, but d..n't take such a chano*, w? are t? licensed physicians in the city ma-in? a sp?-?' abdominal diseases: experts attend to you cur suspensories, abdominal supporters, elastic stock."-*? are perfect in every detail and manufactured _ "'i__ Corner druggist. * "** L. CHEREV & CO 464 GRAM? ST. aix n.vra on facr Permanently Rfmovtd N electricity, polaon. powde or pain. Caro guaran tee.. | Consultation fre?. -Entered' according to act of C-n ? greys, m olflce of Libra.: .n r^^y C? n?cress. W?ht??t ^--J v-ars' exp.-rl. nee h. abroa?! Triai treat:;:, ofric-e $1 .';_??:.? MME- JULIAN. 123 5th Ave. near _0_h St.. V X. nECKWELL, Specialist In Ha . \' '. tU W _2D 3T T. Harmless \ ? not t. turn ?;r. . : plie?!; does i ? M \M I \. I I i.l . No?l Electric Baths. 7 Weal ?2d St.. i TONIC IN.It.OI? \ri\t. (IK-IIVF. Pro-up-ly relieve jam and cure ??? Between New York and Chicago in 23' hours --- ??- ? ? _ ?..?***. .^ Via New York Central Lake Shore Route, ? ? . LAKE aSHOPP I IMlTTh 11 LAKE SHORE LIMITED.