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ALLIGATORS JUST HATCHED IN AN INCUBATOR.
r AN ALLIGATOR FARM. "Novel Industry Pursued in an Arkansas Locality. Arkansas has never been in a position to boast of diversified farms, but one locality of the State, that of Garland County, of which Hot Springs is the metropolis, is entitled to place its claim be fore the world as having remarkable diversifica tion in farm products. West of Hot Springs are three farms that are worthy of notice. An alli gator farm, an ostrich farm and a dog farm are within a short distance of one another. The last two named are not without interest, but the fir:-t takes precedence over them in the mind of nearly every ir.an that visits the three. The alligator farm of H. T. Campbell lies on a rr % .G.TI mountain ream that Bows the year round. A series of fmal! I^kcs, ■■;• ponds, fed by the stream, constitutes the breeding grounds of the reptiles. Mr Campbell has not taken stock of his farm for several months, but bniws •• - there are over six hundred "frcitnrs in the lakes at th<* present time, whlrh range ii length from six inches to nearly fifteen feet. On ac count of a disposition among the large ones to make a dinner off the smaller ones, the 1 ikes are separated by v. — netting. The number of oc cupants of each lake is then determined by their ability to take care of themselves. Bis- .To*> is the inarch of the farm. He measures nearly ffteen feet in length and ■weighs over five hundred pounds, en? Is secluded in a pound by hints; If. as hi? viciousness is dis played toward hie fellow reptiles in a most ex pressive manner. If he had the liberty of the farm he would booh be the oily alligntor th^re, as he rats everything that comes within reach. To look at this reptile as be moves slugs about or basks in the sun with his eyes half closed, one would imagine that he was a mass of inert matter capable of no display of speed or activity. But place a dog or hog in tl c in closure and a sudden awakening i? witnessed. The animals soon disappear down Big Joe's throat, only one or two gulps being necessary to consign it to the 'gator's inner region. Until Mr. Campbell started his farm It was always a problem for the dog catcher of Hot Springs to get rid of the worthless curs that were picked up on the streets. Mr. Campbell and his reptiles soon solved it for him. After holding the dogs the time prescribed by law the poundmaster now delivers them to the alligator farm, and their end is a story Quickly told. The 2SEW-YOEK iDATTra TRIBUNE. BUXDAY. SEPTEMBEB 17, 1905. cages are opened beside the lakes and in a few moments every 'gator is after them. A small dog is swallowed without more than the blink of the sleepy eyes of the reptiles, while a large one is often lorn in two parts by two 'gators, one having hold of its head and the other of its Big Joe has been i;-;owi; to de vour seven large dogs in one afternoon. In the summer m i ' 'gators are fed every ?■;• lay. They hibernate during fhe win 11 rot ear the most tempting morsel placed at their mouths. The winter quarters of ■•71 is a ions, low ro i heated am. The is divided in;o sec ■ Lch section possesses a pool of water, with Bteampipes at the bottom. I;: the winter • - cares nothing for space, and two enndn n top of another, will occupy one small pond. The age of an alligator Ls something no one can determine. Mr. Campbell's experience with them will tempt him to do nothing more than guess when the age of Big Joe is asked. He y that Big Joe is over 150 years ol perhaps 300, but he will not be more definite. Mr. Campbell Fp.:-rd< a part of each year hunting for 'gators to replenish the stock on his farm. The bayous of Southern Loui along the Gulf coast and the swamps of Florida are his favorite hunting grounds. Th- small alligator is caught with a net, but the capture of a large one, that is, one nt feet long, - attempted in the summer time. He la located then and the hunter waits for him t«) hibernate. When the 'gator thinks he is stowed away for the cold season he awakes to find the hunter upon him with unyielding nooses that tighten with every vicious lunge he makes. the hunter succeeds in getting on its back then the rest is easy, as the pi soon causes it to pass into an almost comatosa condition. In the hottest of the summer months the fe male begins to lay Lc-r eggs. She will first make READER ON PLATFORM IN CIGAR FACTORY OF M. STACHELBERG 4 CO. ONE OF THE PRODUCTS OF THE ALLIGATOR FARM. a nest resembling a rubbish heap on the bank of the lake, and after laying will cover the eggs with the same material In tropical climates the heat of the sun hatches the eggs, but at ■Mr. Campbell's farm an Incubator is depended on. One female will lay from thirty to forty rga before abandoning a nest. Afterward she will guard it night and day until the young ones take to the water, but after they reach the water they have to look out for themselves. Mr. Campbell sold more than three hundred alligators last year to zoological pardons, cir- and private individuals. He supplied one patent medicine company with one hundred, which are being used for advertising purposes. CIGAR FACTORY READER. Place lie Fills an Important One for Benefit of Workmgmen. It was reported in press dispatches from the ?ou:h recently that Edgar J. i~tache!berg. of Tampa, Fla., the husband of ilillie James, the actress, had been challenged to fight a duel by Sefior Euttari, who has been filling the elevated position of reader in the cigar factory of M- Starhelberg & Co., at Tampa. Sefior Buttari's position is rightly termed an elevated one, as he occupies a d.-iis in the centre of the great room in the factory where the fra grant weed is manipulated by Cubans and Span iards Into the various brands of cigars turned out by the factory. The challenge, if there wa3 one, gre-..- out of Mr. Stachelberg refusing to allow Sefior Buttari to read extracts from "Tlerra." an alleged an archistic paper published In Havana. The r.-ad - ■ k the refusal as a personal insult. Mr. Stachelberg ignored the challenge, if he ever got it. The article objected to in tha Havana paper E. J. STACHELBERG AND HIS WIFE. Scene at their fishing camp on Lower Tampa Bay. contained violent personal abuse of Tampa man ufacturers and Incited workmen to quit work. When Mr. Stachelberg-, who is a member of the firm, ordered the reading of the paper stopped, the cigarmakers Indulged in a demonstration, and demanded that the reader be allowed to read anything- In print. When this was refused a strike followed. Three hundred men walked out The reader in a cigar factory is an important personage. Mounted on a dais near the centre of the room, with a skylight directly overhead, he sits 111 a comfortable chair and reads to the workmen the news of the world, fiction, history, political economy, poetry and selections that may be requested. He is not employed by the owner or manager of the cigar factory, but is selected by a com mittee of the workmen. He is paid usually about $20 a week. Tii • factory open? at (V3O a. m.. and the rigar makers work until 10 o'clock, when they stop for breakfast. Before going to work in the mom* ing- every Cuban and every Spaniard must have his coffee. "Cafe con leche" is an absolute ne eeaatty to a cigarmaker. A cup is filled two thirds full of boiling- milk and then the coffee is poured lr. ; and such coffee! Every Cuban and Spaniard knows how to make coffee, and th*y will not touch a cup of coffee that is not made properly. As soon as the -workmen are seated at thf>ir benches or tables and start rolling the "smok ers" the reader begins. He must have a dear voice, not too loud or harsh, which can be dis tinctly heard in all parts of the large room. First the daily papers are taken up and th» telegraph news of the world is read. "Where :io paper printed in Spanish can be obtained con taining press dispatches the reader translates the English text, after first reading it aloud for ihe benefit of the American workmen who maj not understand Spanish. After the telegraphiy report comes the local news and then the edi torials. Thus th? first half hour is spent N< ■-r more than one-half an hour's reading Is re quired of the reader at one time. Alter his first rest the reader takes up some serial, usually a Spanish romance, and devotes the next half hour to this. Then comes another rest. In which the workmen discuss with th. it Immediate working partners the merits of tha ■tory, the probable fate of the hero or the vil lain and also the author. Light literature occupies the next half hour of the reader's time, short stories from magai zincs, jokes, conundrums, comments and ful-de-. rol. History is then taken up, Cuban history, Spanish history, the histories of various Euro pean countries, and especial attention is paid to the history of the United States. In the afternoon reading half hours the readej presents selections from the writings of -world famous men of letters. The course has been mapped out by the committee appointed for thai purpose, and the reader must follow the com mittee's selections. Hrw tho factories came to be provided wit^ readers for the workmen is of interest It is ■ well established fact that people of the Latin races will use their hands, arms, shoulders 01 heads when they talk to emphasize their re marks. Th» Cuban or the Spaniard canncrt talk two minutes without waving his hands an 4 shrugging his shoulders. It is second nature KM him, and he can't help it Now, a cigarmakcr has to use both hands la Continued on Bth pace- English, French Etchings OF IKTn CKVTTKT. MEZZOTINTS, PHOTOS AND CARBONS OF ALL KUIUM'EAS i.M J.F.BIKH. 12 West 28th St GEORGE BUSSE 8