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PROFESSOR BTARR AND MIS MEXICAN PHOTOGRAPHER. TO STUDY THE PYGMIES. "Pnrpose of Professor Starr's Expe dition to Africa. Professor Frederick Starr, the enthusiastic fnthropologist of Chicago University, sailed from New- York the other day for Africa on what Is thought to be one of the most impor tant ethnological expeditions of recent years, bis especial mission being a year's sojourn in the wilds of the Central African jungle to investi gate the habits, customs, etc, of the pygmies, the yellow men and the cannibals of that region. The remarkable black liliputiajis of Africa form one of the enigmas of the Dark Continent. Pro fessor Starr hopes to throw new light upon their prlgin and ancestry by making a series of plas- Ter casts, physical measurements, phonographic records, moving pictures and hundreds of photo graphic negatives of them. For this purpose he takes with him an expert young Mexican pho tographer, Manuel Gonzales. When asked for an outline of his plans. Pro fessor Starr said: "I shall study tlie little Batwa pygmies, and camp with them in their forest retreats. The pygmies are in no sense apish, as popularly supposed. The result of my investi gations will, no doubt, go far to prove that they have been an unchanged race from their creation, and not a degenerate people. I shall also make an Investigation of the strange yellow and copper hued race of Africans recently made known by Samuel Verner, the missionary-scientist now in that country. He says that the traditions at these yellow men indicate no white ancestry. They have a traditional testimony of an un mixed descent for hundreds of years. They are superior in handicraft and culture to the native blur lta. and do not like to marry dark women. There are about as many of these yellow men m Africa as there are negroes in the United States. They are scattered through many differ ent tribes. It is believed that they are the last survivors of a migration of peoples centu ries ago into Africa from the region of the Nfle and the Red Sea. Mr. Verner's preliminary ac count, both of the Batwa pygmies and the yellow negroes, practically an unknown race of man kind, has awakened a widespread desire among scientists for a more extended knowledge in re gard to them, which can only come from care ful and prolonged research, such as I propose moving The field is a rare and fascinating one for the ethnologist. The results may open up a new chapter of life on the Dark Continent." Professor Starr's headquarters will be 1,100 miles in the Interior, at Ndombe, In the Belgian Congo Protectorate, the capital city of King Ndombe, who will aid him in carrying out his investigations. Large bands of the Batwa pyg mies live in his territory. They pay him tribute by furnishing meat and game to supply his large household. King Ndombe is of a copper color, over 6 feet G Inches tall and of herculean build. He has a face expressive of kindly in telligence and a searching pair of brown eyes, each said to be as large as a quarter of a dollar. King Ndombe's domain is about as large as the State of New-Jersey, and contains some 100,000 Inhabitants. The King is credited with possess ing thirty-one wives and forty children. Professor Starr will entertain the royal yellow, sovereign and bis colony of wives with the atereopticon, showing slides of the African yD KEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE, SUNDAY, OCTOBEB 15, 1905. lage at the St. Louis Fair, where a few of the pygmy boys were exhibited. A band of some three hundred of these pygmies lives on the edge Of King Ndombe's town. They dwell in beehive- Uke huts, formed of bent sticks covered with leaves and palm fibres, with an opening in the bottom just large enough for them to crawl through. The inside would be about the size of two good sized drygoods boxes. This cramped pl.^'P shelters a man, wife and half a dozen children. A full grown native cannot stand erect or lie at full length in one of these sti uct ures. The more primitive pygmies are to be found far in the forest interior, where the tree dwelling tribes exist. Here cannibalism is met with, and some more or less dangerous and thrilling: experiences may result. With pygmy guides and armed native attendants. Professor Starr will pitch camp and carry on his obser vations within range of the deadly poisoned ar- AFRICAN PYGMIES COMPARED WITH A WORTH AMERICAN INDIAN. rows at the tree hiding dwarfs, not T* tntro fluueJ to white men. Samuel Verner. now awaiting Professor Starr's errtval to Introduce him to King Ndombe. and •Who was tor many months practically a next door neighbor to the little black dwarfs, says the entire life of the little people Is given up to hunting and fishing. They never till the soil or become agriculturists. Their principal weapon is the primitive bow, with poisoned arrows. The pygmies are often shorter than their bows. The poison they use is one of the most fatal known. It wjll cause death In from two to five minutes. Sometimes, instead of quick death, the wound. tt Inflicted upon a person, win cause Insanity. A light scratch Is sufficient to produce madness, and finally death by convulsions m about two weeks. There is no antidote yet discovered for this poison. Many a pygmy hunter Is so expert that at seventy-five feet he can send an arrow through a rat scampering full speed across the AN AFRICAN CANNIBAL AND HIS WIFE. These cannibals are by no means the most repulsive in features or the most ferocious in habiti among the African natives; but when one of them says playfully to his wife, "My dear, you look sweet enough to eat," that generally playful chestnut has rather a sinister significance. ground. Their sens« of smell Is as keen as a dog's, and much of their game is discovered through the medium of the nose. Their peculiar species of diminutive dog does not bark, so a string of wooden bells is fastened about its neck to Indicate its whereabouts while hunting. Tiie average height of the Batwa pygmy adult is about torn- fleet. a few measuring Cam- tfccf four. Many, however, are less than tour feet. T2» women are a trifle shorter than the men. Ja a rule a man baa only one wife. They do not Intermarry with the larger Africans, though living side by side; neither do they adopt then customs. The little people are sun worship pers. Their language la peculiar. The words denoting animals, for Instance, are derived from sounds made by the beasts they describe. Elephant Is -hum-ba, hum-bo." Snake to "luwilya-wilya." The last has a rustling soond when pronounced. imitative of the reptile wrig gling over leaves. Their vocabulary is limited. A special effort will be made by Professor Starr to get a full version of their odd phraseology an the phonograph. A language primer of the pygmies will be a novelty. History records their existence tor five thousand years. They w*r» mentioned by Herodotus. Some scientists thin* they were f*** aborigines of, Africa and tt*To» j slvely occupied tn the remote past that vast territory, but a larger people Invaded then- do main, waged war upon them and dro-. c liea to the depths of the forest Then there Is the cannibalistic trite * tfia- N.ussakaras, who are supposed to nnr' tt twenty-fire thousand, but they tend to 1 i *, owing to the prevailing custom of him in sac rifices. All enemies killed in battle a.r. I la oners put to death by order of the h . M are eaten. The flesh of Europeans, which they rarely have the opportunity to fa I ilgi to, is considered a great delicacy. The flesh and children la particularly appreciate i I y the Nassakara.<=, and is always chosen for it formal occasions, such as a chief:* ng or on the conclusion of a treaty with a n ign boring tribe. The Nassakara women are not, as a rule, allowed to be present at these -aa nfbal feasts, but It Is their duty, nevertheless^ t» prepare the human viands. It Is a mistake to suppose because the Nas aakaras are cannibals that they are more fe rocious In appearance than some African na trres who are not man eaters. On the con trary, the Nassakaras are kindly in their maa» ners and good natured. IN THE SAME UXF. Dr. Washington Gladden was attack cer tain unfortunate tendencies of modern finance. ■A modern financier of this type." he sai<\ humorously, "was robbed In Broadway th« other day. A little urchin hi sorry rags slippel Tip behind him and snatched bis hand! hlef from his pocket. "Some one grabbed the boy caught him reA handed. A crowd collected. A man said: ""I will run for the police.' "But the financier fixed a not unkln.i'y look upon the trembling little culprit ""Oh, let him alone.' he said. 1 began busi ness In a small way myself.' " THE RUDE SOXXETEER. "Writers, even the most popular," said Riet^ ard Harding Davis, at a dinner at I>ark H Me., "are foolish ever to fish for romp' . "At the Imperial Service Club one mo: ■novelist and a sonneteer sat near me. ""Did yon read my story tn this month*! "Hyde Park Review" T the novelist ask " "Not aQ «f tt,' said the sonneteer, puffin* rigorously on his cigar. 1 began it.' " 'Interrupted, eh?* The sonneteer fastened down a loose tobacoa leaf. ■ "Well, no,' he sald.~ NO CROWD. We are bat lingerers in life's Union Bquar* Sleeping and waking, reading, talking rot. Some rush along, while others bench their cm And some are on the square and same are aa& QJ&b.