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VOTIXG IN SWITZERLAND.
r An Oldtimt Method Kepi Up in Modern Day*. Br *- i- BciBMO. The Lcmdes Gemeinde Is the n«ra» given ts* Ota system of voting as practised In several can- tons in the German port of Switzerland, and, talon place annually on the last Sunday of April. This form of voting is the oldest in Switzerland and probably greatly antedates the republic. In these cantons the voting Is obligatory, Every man of voting age most report at the voting place under pain of a fine. Every man bears a sword, which is also a part of the rule. The?- swords -re. mar.y of them, of antique pat tern. There seems to be no rule about the mat ter, anything that can be by any courtesy called a sword serving the purpose. The gentry, how ever, distinguish themselves from The common peop> by carrying- finer swords, according to their station in life. Apart from this, however, the sword plays no part in the ceremony what ever, and is borne simply as a badge to indicate that the bearer is a voter on peaceful deeds in tent, and is often carried in the hand strapped up with an umbrella. In Hundwil. when I arrived at 9 o'clock, there ■was already a crowd assembled, drinking beer, for many of them had come troin a distance of twenty or thirty miles. The voting place was * tig gr-^en square, inclining upward, that served for the rest of the year as a market place. At the base a platform was erected (painted yellow and decorated with two immense swords), on which ? ere to stand the dignitaries to be voted for. In Brant of this were arranged the voters— a compact ass of from 10.000 to 15,000 persona. An escort of halberdiers dressed in antique cos tume paraded around the square three times while the mass of voters was assembling, the local band discoursing more or less agreeable music the while. The ceremony began promptly at 11 o'clock by the solemn march of the dignitaries, preceded by the halberdiers, who marched at a. funeral pace from the door of the house where they bad bn-n waiting to the platform, a short dis tance of perhaps a hundred feet. This was the or-Jy attempt at ceremony. Once on the pla» form, things moved rapidly. The first In order was the singing of the App^ngeH hymns, after which came the address of the Landmann. The ■whole audience of over ten thousand men re moved their hats. The Landmann, In a voice that easily reached the most distant of his audi tor?, made a review of the past, and exhorted hta hearers to remember the blessing of the free government under which they lived and to do their duty as men and citizens, eta After the address came a silent prayer of half a minute, and the voting proper was ready to be gin. In the present case the men to be voted for were the officers . who had already served and were up for re-election. The name of each can didate was called out by the sheriff In a voice that was almost. If not quite, a roar. Then came the question: "Will you replace him?" No one moved, but at the question, "Will yon confirm him?" a sea of hands went op on the Instant. And so tt was to every case. Apparently there NEW-YORK DAXLY TRIBUNE, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1905. **■ no division 2nto parßea. Tney knew then* men and they knew what they wanted, and the thin* was settled mstantry. The vote was unan imous for each man; but one of the Judges had die* In the month of October, and his place was to be filled. So. after the others had been con firmed, the Landmann called for nominations from the crowd. Every man has the right to nominate any one he pleases, the only restric tions being that the nominee must be a citixen and resident of the canton. So, from out of the THE NEW STYLE OF CLASS RUSH AT "PENNSY." The ball has just been thrown into the air and the mad scramble begin*. crowd one heard names called. Now and then a and. though this razety happens. lam told that would-be wit would propose a name that ex- it has occurred. cited a laugh, but In the mniTi it was serious. Where there arises a doubt m the vote, tne When some half-dozen namx had been sng- voters are marched In front «f the ptarform by tested they were read aloud «"<< proposed tor fours and counted. the vote, one by on* F*r each name came a Bprtntnn* of hands over the crowd tm the name arrived that the majority of the crowd had evi dently fixed upon, and then came the same un mistakable upraising of hands m such numbers that there was absolutely no doubt as to who was elected, and his election was declared at once by the Landmann. AfTwy all the officers were elected, the Land mann took the oath of office, and Own the whole crowd, raisin* their right hands, took the oath of nTiT' *™*** repeating aloud the formula In cant tat sa ft was read from 9» phvtftnm. In case same of the officers — after having served a considerable thnA, or for any other rea 6on — -wish to resign, these resignments must be voted on. and then the question Is: "Will you accept these resignations?" If the vote Is in the negative, they must continue to serve, as this service, though slightly paid, is as obliga tory as Is the voting. The only alternative for the unhappy candidate is to leave the canton. A man may thus be *i™*t*A against bis will. THK LANDES GEMEINDE VOTE IN SWITZERLAND-TEN THOUSAND HANDS RAISED. (Copyright. IMB, by Underwood * Underwood. New-Tort) _ After the vote for officers, the question of changing the constitution came up. that the government might be carried on more in con formity with the modern idea, but this was promptly voted down with unanimity. One of the convincing arguments for retaining the pres ent form of government was that, while they had expended large sums in public works with out raising the taxes in any way, the public debt of the canton was only 153 " $3OG0). This seems an enviable enough re< ord, Lut there are places in Switzerland that can boast of bet- tpr than this. I recall Stein cm Ehein, where £30 people have not only no taxes to pay, but. Oft the contrary, each citizen receives an amxmsl dividend from the communal property. Ni^ urally, citizenship in this place is difficult to acquire. A NEW CLASS HUSH. Combination of Football and Fret Fight Tried at Pennsylvania. An innovation in class rushes was tried with' great success by the freshmen and sophomores of the University of Pennsylvania last week. Instead of the senseless fight in the basement of College Hall, !n which many students have tn past years received injuries, owing to the lim ited space for the fracas, the seniors decided this time to have the affair in Franklin Field. As another improvement it was arranged to make the class rush a combination of football on a gigantic scale and a free-for-all pushing scramble. Sophomores and freshmen lined up on opposite sides of Franklin Field, while the senior who managed the affair stood in the centre with a footbalL Each side was instructed that the game was to carry the ball down behind the goal posts as at football. No rules were made for the rush. The sole object was to get the ball back of the game posts. Any tactics short of murdering an opponent would be deemed fair. All class rushes are governed by this basic un derstanding. When both sides were ready the students stripped to the waist and. thirsting for each other's blood, the ball was thrown into the air, and the opposing squads came together with a crash. Thenceforth it was a squirming, strug gling bunch of boys, with a football somewhere In the centre of the mass, where no one knew or seemed to care. The most sensational incident of this new class rush was the sudden appearar.ee from the rim of the struggling circle of a scared and battered footbalL Only one boy of the half naked con testants saw the balL The rest were too intent on the struggle to notice that the objective of the fight had made its escape between the feet of the students. The one boy who happened to see the ball making its coy way to freedom grabbed it and held it in bis har.ds uncertainly for a moment. "Run with it," yelled a hundred voices in uni son, as the astonished spectators saw what had happened. The boy with the hall ran, with the entire ag gregation of students after him. But he had a clear field, and no one could stot> him .-hort of the goal line. He made a clean touchilown. But —alas for the futility of human endeavor — ha had touched the ball behind his opponents' goal, scoring one victory for the freshmen. Emerging, as he did, from the fracas with his head swim ming and both sides of the field alike to him, the unfortunate sophomore had made the unpar donable mistake of running- with the ball in the wrong direction. The spectators In the stands complained that th^y could not see what was going on, BO I xt year a pushball will be substituted for the foot ball The new style rush was so successful that it will become a permanent feature of stu dent life at Old Perm. English, French Etchings OF 18TII CENTCRT. MEZZOTINTS. PHOTOS AND CARBONS OF ALL. EIBOFKAS GALLEBI&k 12 West 28th St GEORGE BUSSE. •