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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, October 29, 1905, Image 23

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Founder of the Philharmonic.
His Relations with Mendels
sohn. Spohr and
Through the courtesy of Dr. Jacob Teschner The
T'^ur.e is able to-day to publish some letters writ-
M by three of the musical heroes of Germany to
n New-York musician which throw an Interesting
..pht on the musical activities of the city two
generations ago. The writers were Louis Spohr.
Merits Hauptmann and Felix Mendelssohn, and
the musician to whom they were addressed was
U. C. Hill, founder and first president of the Phil
harmonic Society. Some years aero Dr. Teschner met
the widow of Mr. Hill In a small Maryland town,
where Ehe was then living, and bought the letters
from her. He also secured some of the old pro
prammMs of the Philharmonic Society and a copy
c: "The New-York Atlas." a newspaper published
sixty years ago, containing a wood cut portrait of
Mr. Hill and a biographical sketch which, though
Incomplete, still serves to clear up some points in
the history of one of the most energetic and inter
esting figures in the musical life of New-York
during the first half of the nineteenth century.
They may well be brought forward now when New-
York is enjoying abundant realizations of the
dreams of the man to whom in one sense more
than any American musician who ever lived the
present state of Instrumental music is due.
* Fifteen years ago. on the occasion of the fiftieth
anniversary of the founding of our venerable con
cert organization. I publisher, a little book en
titled "The Philharmonic Society of New- York: A
Memorial." The gathering of the material for tho
historical sketch was extremely laborious. The
early records of the society were not to be found;
minutes, payrolls, correspondence referring to the
first two decades, all had disappeared. Fortunate
ly. three of the five surviving members of the so
ciety at its foundation were within reach. They
were William Scharfenb&rg. Samuel Johnson and
James L.. Ensign, who have since then joined the
majority. With the help of their memories of musi
cal conditions half a century before. I was enabled
•to put together the first consistent story of the
origin and development of the society. One of the
flret surprises which I met was the discovery that
the Christian name of the founder of the society
'had never properly got into the books. F. L.. Rit
ter, who wrote what he considered a history of
music in America, set him down as "Uriah" C.
Hill, and said that he was born In Greenwieh-st.,
New-York City. Mr. Scharfenberg corrected this
by saying that he was a Connecticut Yankee, and
that his name was Ureli Corelli Hill. I could only
speculate touching the origin and significance of
Euch a name, and I did so in the monograph to this
effect: "In all probability his father was fond of
the violin, and for that reason endowed the son
with the name of the great Italian violinist, who
In the seventeenth century laid the foundations of
modern violin playing. 'Ureli/ however, baffles
mv ingenuity." Well indeed it might, but the sur
mise about Corelli, with its inference that the
father of whom nothing at all was known, was
musical was a bull's eye hit. The writer in 'The
Atlas" of February 8. 1845. says that U. C. Hill
•*-««= an "American, a descendant of the Pilgrim
Fathers, with a drop of Danish blood in his veins."
His father was designed by nature to be a mus.cal
prodigy but his Puiitanical education interfered.
We will let the old writer proceed in his own way:
It is related of the good old gentleman that
when a young suckling his mother took him,
wheS five months old. to a church. The youngster
Wame huTi"rv and the young mother with an
E™ VeMnp "of delicacy did not supply his wants
until in an/thing but a piano voice he desp to
the church and congregation, demanded it loudlj.
Bclrcelv had the Imngry infant tasted nourish
ment before the swelling organ sent forth its
SSemn peal At once it lpft the breast it coveted
S£dL listened in wrapt attention to the swelling
So much for the old gentleman; now for
the youne one. He had. as a matter of course,
to be christened, but there was, as is often upon
such cccasiors, no little difficulty in naming him.
Hi* father a great admirer of Corelli. determined
that his should form one of his Christian names;
his own. which was Url, he was anxious to give
him- but he was r.o less anxious to give him the
name of a dear friend, a physician named Eli
(Todd). Adverse to giving a child a whole .string .of
riames. he hit upon the happy expedient of uniting
his own and his friend's by galling the bo,^OrelL
which forms the names of I n and Eli. ™* must
not notwithstanding what we have said dismiss
Papa Hill without stating that at five years of
ir-fThe was a fifer in a company at Vermont, ana
fn after years distinguished nimself both with the
pen and "sword. He wrote patriotic poems which
were greatly praised at the time; but they were,
like the poetry of the Pilgrims generally, we pre
sume, of too peculiar a character to be handed
down' to posterity.
The boy was taught music first by his father,
then by an unmarried Italian; composed a piece
of music for the pianoforte at nine years of age
which he fold for a dollar; took up the, violin, and
at twelve began to earn his livelihood by playing
at concerts. About 1821 he became a member of
the orchestra at the Park Theatre, and played
during Kean's engagement there, and also when
Garcia came with the first Italian opera company
in 1525. He produced "Der Frc'.schutz" in an Eng
lish adaptation in March. 1825; gave the first
American performance of Handel's "Messiah"
With orchestral accompaniment in 1831, and did
other things too numerous to mention before he
made his first visit to Europe and came into con
tact with the men whose letters called fortn this
article. The first visit was made in 1835. He went
to Cassel and studied violin playing with Spohr
and composition with Hauptmann. then a member
of Spohr's orchestra. Exactly how lone he re
mained 1 have been unable to learn as yet. A
letter of introduction from Spohr to the English
violinist, Henry Gamble Blagrove. is dated May
10. 1836. This would seem to indicate that he re
turned to New-York within a year or so. but the
writer In "The Atlas" newspaper says that he was
absent five years. This would also seem to be
borne out by the first of the letters from Spohr.
which is dated September 9, 1840. and mentions
his fortunate return to America. From the fact
that the letter to Blagrove remained In his posses
sion it seems fair to surmise that he had con
templated a return to America via London in 1536,
but did not carry out the plan. He probably came
back to New- York in 3537. for Seharfenberg came
over in 1838 and Hauntmann in his letter refers to
information about Hill derived through Scharfen
berg. Moreover, Hill conducted a performance of
"St. Paul" here in 1838.
Hill's fate was a melancholy one. Though he
co-j!iJ earn money he could not keep it. Five or six
years after he had founded the society which is
his monument, and which he had served during the
period as president and conductor, he went West
to better his fortunes. He hid invented a piano
forte with bells instead of strings, and he tried
feis hands in trade only to make a dismal failure of
It, and to conclude after a few years that New-
York was his real home and music making was
bis proper vocation. But the city had slipped away
from him. Once the Philharmonic Society depleted
its exchequer to help him with a loan, and had to
wait long for its return. He played in the bo
ciety's orchestra till 1673. when he was retired for
°!d age, being about seventy. For a while he
Hayed in Wallaces Theatre as an "extra," "but
*a» unable to maintain himself there. He went
to Paterson, N. J.. to live and made some opera
tions in real estate which proved abortive. He
tried to get up a concert for a daughter in Jersey
City, and was shocked at the lack of Interest in
Ills enterprise betrayed by his colleagues. Then
the painful conviction forced itself upon him that
ii« "lagged superfluous on the stage." At his home
in Paterson or. September 2. 1875, he killed himself
by swallowing morphine.
In a letter of explanation and farewell he wrote
these words: "To live and be a beggar and a slave
Is a little too much for me, maugre I am an old
dan. Look at all of us: Is it not heartrending
to contemplate? Ha, ha I I go, the sooner the bet
ter. O merciful Father, take good care of my wil'o
and family! Blessings on all that have done for
ly.e- -
'cw, to the letters. The earliest is the letter
c - introduction to Blagrove. Henry Gamble Hla-
STove was for thirty years the foremost English
vioiiniet He studied with Spohr and realized tho
■*••«*■ ' . In hi* master's letter. When Spohr
made the vir-it to Norwich referred to in his first
l*tter he played hIM concertino for two violins with
hr.. Hlagrove was born in UU and died in 1572.
*"*• leader of the band at Queen Victoria's
coronation and taught the Duke of Cambridge to
play the violin.
, r T^ Casael. May 10, 1835.
My Dfar Mr. Blagrove: The bearer of these
lines Is Mr. liill. of New- York, who has maie the
journey to Europe wltji the purpose of perfecting
nunsi'lf in violin playing and thuory. He Is about
to return, enriched with knowledge, to his native
land, and, inasmuch us he ia to pass through Lou
don, he wishes to make your acquaintance. I have
therefore taker, the liberty to send him to you
with the request that you receive this capable
rtist and good and amiable man with CrtendUneM
and help him with your advice ln th© purchases
which he wishes to make for America.
FYom a letter of Mr. TRyior's I learned v.ith
pleasure that you have played with the greatest
success at a Philharmonic concert, and that uni
versal justice was done to your talents. This must
dp a great spur for you continually to press 'or
ward. and I hope soon to hear that you have
thrown all the other violinists of your native land
into the shade. I thank you for your kind letter
and beg of you soon to favor me with more ln
iormation concerning yourself. This would be prac
tice for you in German and prevent, you forgetting?
our language again. In hearty friendship, always
your devoted LOUIS SPOHR.
_ . Cassel, September 5, IS4O.
To Mr. Music Director Hill, in New- York.
Highly R.'spected Sir: Your kind letter received
last fall gave me great pleasure, .^inee I learned
from It that you have made a fortunate /eturn,
were satisfied with your sojourn in Germany and
still preserve us in friendly memory. We. too,
remember you with the friendliest sympathy- and
rejoice that you are doing well, and that you
ascribe a portion of your success to your sojourn
in Cassel.
I shouid have answered your letter long afro had
I not known that opportunity would offer for me
to communicate with you through my son-in-law,
Mr. Zahn, a manufacturer. He now has the pleas
ure to hand you this letter, since he is travelling- to
New- York for the purpose of establishing himself
there. He had built a factory here, but found that,
in spite of the excellence of his products, he could
not dispose of them because of excessive competi
tion ln Germany. He has now packed up his ma
chinery, gathered his small fortune together and
will seek his salvation in America. If he succeeds
there, as is to he hoped, because of his ability and
energy, my daughter will follow him next year.
She is the eldest, whom you probablj"- often heard
sing-. The chief purpose of this letter is most ur-
From a woodcut in "The Atlas" of February,
gently to commend my son-in-law to you. Have
the goodness to introduce him to such persons as
will be useful to him in the promotion of his busi
ness interests, ami kindly give him your good coun
sel generally, for upon the success of his enter
prise depends not only his. own happiness, but also
that of my daughter and her lovely little girl.
When your letter arrived I had just returned from
a visit to England. I had accepted an invitation
to conduct the music festival in Norwich, where
my Passion oratorio. •'Calvary" (Dcs Heilands letzte
Stunden"). was performed. . I a'so played in one of
the evening concerts once again publicly, and. In
deed* a new- concertino called "Then and Now"
C'Sonst und Jf-tzf). which has been very success
ful here as weil as there. Inasmuch as there was
a great deal printed in the London newspapers
about the festival, you will doubtless have read
about it. I have undertaken to write a new ora
torio for the next Norwich festival, and will soon
he through with it. It is called "The Fall of
Babylon," and the book was written by Taylor.
But since, unfortunately, I do not understand Eng
lish it had to be translated into German there.
Air Taylor is now adapting his English text to my
score but is compelled to make many changes.
If I can a^ain obtain leave of absence I shall
attend the performance of the oratorio in Nor
wich My wife, who as well as Frau yon Malsburg
accompanied me on my last visit to England, has
learned English very well, and already en the
former journey was able to act as my interpreter.
She' translates all my English letters, and keeps
up a continual correspondence with tho Taylor
faniilv You see. therefore, that there is no diffi
cult v* about my understanding your letters and
you will I hope. gran*, my request soon to let me
he"r from you again. Your acquaintances here
Send heaV greetings. With *™f. T resveot " nd
friendship, wholly your I.OLIS SPOHR.
OaaseL September 1, 1841.
Hiehlv Respected Sir and Friend: The bearer
of "this letter is my daughter, who was un
wllling longer to ho separated from her husband
although she knows that his position is not
vet of the kind to offer her and her dear
child a life free from care. She has therefore
made up her mind to utilize her musical talent.
which "he has cultivated heretofore as an amateur
In Ka?^ ';s fins. svtt^Es
Sf this writing is urgently to beg of you to recom
ivPnJsho possesses every qualification to give
gs&SS&s «■•■£*• an
fZ^ll may interest you, she will oom-
C , . v,v Tvnril of mouth. I therefore make
U «nd. and b?B vo« to receive mv daughter gra
2M£ ani "friendship. With true respect
and friendship, your LOfclb hfJ»«.
The above letters scarcely call for comment,
being so largely personal in their nature It is
natural to inquire into the subsequent history of
Spohr's daughter, but for that I have had neither
f.me nor inclination. His own autobiography, with
its conclusion written from information given by
"l, widow, is silent on the subject, though it does
offer the information, as shall appear presently,
that the daughter was still living in New York in
££ The remaining letters have a bearing on
££•« artistic activities. The writer of the sketch
printed^ "The Atlas," after mentioning the found
in* of the Philharmonic Society, remarked: But
Mr Hill, who has most worthily filled the office of
Resident of the society since its formation, has
two more projects in view. One is to build a
n^icTl hall of which the city may be proud and
,TwHch our citizens can be well accommodated;
'id t ho other to get up a great musical festival
on the c.-ale of those given in the Old World.
We have no doubt that capitalist- will be found
to enter upon a speculation so profitable as
a nno music hall would be. and the festivals
would soon follow." False and foolish prophet,
you sixty years ago- Both efforts fell through
Touching the outcome of the music hall project I
quote from my monograph:
The early years, though they brought scarcely
«™ tenth of the reward to the members that is
one-tentn oi ""- accounted years of wondrous
f.ro^c-ritv Va« ambUions were raised in the
pro»pcrit>. * ,- ; sof lhf . new organization. The
£2* common an persistent of these ambitions re
inosc co ' n™olln ™ 01l J T rm:ul ent domicile for tho society.
?w» must" ha™ a Philharmonic Hnli:" was the
• The ambition was never realized, though
eLyc L y - f i r,khc Irwarfl a realization were several
efforts towara .- manifested itself
times maae. seaco i The programme of the third
in the fourth nn March "lU, contained a call for
concert held on *^ rcn^ eck ,^ ter to promote what
a meeting tolM-h ei a..^^ Musical Edifice and
was depcribed as a o submitted at
Grand Concert. **£%££%%?& erection of an
t^ < m ' et A%ted fo a" musical and other purposes,
edifice. H da P l 4^ l ' " wjth the wants of the N«r
fully «>« im fn !>u r fl ' plrt of this plnn the Phllhar-
York pub lv ■■ . ** $£ nn r d on May 20. IW6. gave a
monlc Socle t> . proj ci • Garden. Unfortunately
Festival C V", M 1 T1 ; rnoso <^f the projectors the bulk
for the amiable P»n*'«£ <« » a ■•Splendid -Musical
of th /' nth " M to >,p in the breasts of tho mem-
EdlflC 'rthTl^hilhVrn on c Society. The concert was
bet* of the *"""/""" a musical noint Of view, be
a notable ?■***[' [\° a ™.,* B "Choral" symphony ro
ca ' J a , flrlt uertornmnce in America, but the
■Sri njst r on^ tar y returns was a wet
fSnWn°tne hSpeT°o n f-{h. y would.b. hall builder..
l.lanKn _ rft fit of $330. which was
T %T£ P h r rrtrustts-I, C. 11111.
Pla a Knapn and Samuel Ward. Four year.
Shepherd KnaPP «P^ Knapp „
later. Hill ««""* " the sO cie.ty for Us
Ward Wt -to a bad gues, to
Z which Beethoven* Ninth
Symphony received its first American performance
was tho outcome of both the music hall and festi
val projects rolled into one. That an effort was
made late in 1844 and early in 1845 to give a fes
tival on European lines and to emulate Birming
ham. DusseldOrf and other festival countries' by
engaging the greatest of living composers to direct
tho music is proved by the next two letters. New-
York's musical historians have overlooked the fact,
and so have the biographers of Mendelssohn. But
there is a record in the continuation of Spohr's
"Autobiography- in these words:
.^f* 1?*1 ?* en . of the year o*o Spohr received an
imitation to . a and musical festival at New
,i< o m rst , , rom that side of the ocean, to the
direction of which ho had been unanimously se
lected at a general meeting of the Society of Music
"L th it ci /- v> " as the first of all living composers
ana rectors of music." There were to be two
performances of sacred and two of secular music,
and. above all, his oratorio "The Fall of Babylon"
—the fame of which had spread from England to
tne new world— to take precedence. Although
such a proposal might have had great attractions
ror Spohr and have yet more incited his constant
love of travel, and although in New- York he would
nave moreover the pleasure of seeing again his
daughter Emily, who with her husband and child
nan emigrated there some years before, yet he soon
made up his mind to decline it. as a residence there
ot the few weeks only which the duties of his place
would have perhaps permitted, would scarcely have
compensated for the fatigues of a long voyage.
What is meant by the "Society of Music" is not
altogether plain. It may have been the Sacred Muslo
Society which, under Mr. Hill's direction, gave
Handel's "Messiah" in 1831 and Mendelssohn's "St.
Paul" in 1838. or a union of this society with the
Musical Institute, which was then a new organiza
tion, under the leadership of H. C. Timm.
_ Cassel, January 4, 1845.
Highly Respected Sir: As honorable to me as your
Invitation to eonduot the first American music fes
tival is, my duties are unfortunately of a character
to compel me to decline. You will know from the
English journals that 1 was unable to get a fur
lough for the Norwich festival three years ago.
Since then I have made many unpleasant experi
ences of the same character. Only a short time ago
I had to decline another invitation from Norwich,
a second one from Berlin, where my "Fall of Baby
lon" was given for the first time, a third for the
opening of a new music hall in Hamburg, and was
only lucky enough to secure a week's furlough to
conduct a music festival in Braunschweig, where
my "Fall of Babylon" was also performed. To visit
America I should have to have a furlough of at
least three months, and such I dare not ask. I must
therefore forego the honor which you had planned
for me, and I make haste to inform you of the fact
Blnco your letter was en route an Incredibly long
time, and did not reach my hands until the last
days of the year which has just ended. If you
should nevertheless still have a mind to perform my
oratorio "The Fall of Babylon," you can get the
score, pianoforte score and voice parts with Eng
lish text from Professor Taylor (Red Lion Court.
Fleet Street, London), for our German edition pub
lished by Breitkopf und Ha«/tel, in Ijelpsic, has only
German words.
If now you want to turn to Mendelssohn, know
that he lives in Frankfort-on-the-Main. has sev
ered his connections with Berlin, and will not be
compelled, like m«, to decline your invitation be
cause of inability to get leave, of absence. Have
the goodness to greet my daughter and her family
most heartily, and say to her that my new opera
was received with an enthusiasm wholly unheard
of in Cassel on New Year's Day, and will be re
peated within a few days. We shall soon write
to her and report our nijS/;tcal doings during the
winter. In the home of Ker sitter and in our own
all is well. Greatly did we rejoice at the intelli
gence that you are contemplating another visit to
Europe and that we may hope to Fee yen here.
Farewell and keep in friendly recollection your
devoted LOUIS SPOHR.
Spohr's new opera, which had been produced at
Cassel a few days before, was "Die Kreutzfahrer"
("The Crusaders"), based on Kotzebue's play of
the same name. Mendelssohn had but recently
gone to live at Frankfort, having wearied of the
life in Berlin. In the middle of November, 1844,
he had asked the King of Prussia for his demis
sion. The King granted his request, but permitted
him to retain the title of general musical director
and a part of his salary, "which," says Lampadlus,
Mendelssohn's biographer. "the King forced
upon him. with the condition that from
time to time he should come to Berlin and bring
out something there." Spohr's reference to the
refusal of his prince, the Elector of Hesse-Cassel,
to grant him leave of absence in 1842 to direct the
Norwich festival recalls the story of the restraint
under which he labored in Cassel. There was,
doubtless, a largo degree of personal and political
prejudice at the bottom of it. Spohr was a good
deal of a radical and resented the petty tyranny
to which ho was subjected. He had arranged for
a festival at Cassel at about the time of Hill's
return to New-York, for the purpose of giving a
hearing a Mendelssohn's "St. Paul" and his own
"Last Judgment," but the conditions Imposed by
the Elector compelled him to abandon the project.
At another time the Elector neglected to sign the.
papers granting a furlough to which Spohr was
entitled under the terms of his contract. Spohr
went off on his vacation without waiting for the
formality and became involved in a lawsuit with
the electoral government which lasted four years
and ended In his defeat on a technicality. In the
case of the second invitation to Norwich, to which
the letter refers, the Elector withheld his consent,
notwithstanding Lord Aberdeen, head of the British
government, made appeal through the British Em
bassy and a monster petition was sent to Cassel
from England. It was doubtless due to the tre
mendous popularity of Spohr in England and Hill's
admiration for his old master that the greal vio
linist and composer was set over Mendelssohn in
the letter of invitation, as is evidenced by the
words quoted in the "Autobiography." Hill prob
ably sent a private line along with the official
invitation intimating that Mendelssohn was a sec
ond choice. This would account for Spohr's con
cluding paragraph. The invitation must have been
sent to Mendelssohn with great promptitude, for
the answer Is dated only sixteen days later; indeed.
it must have been placed in somebody's hands in
Europe to be forwarded to the composer's address
immediately on unofficial receipt of Spohr's declina
tion. Unlike the other letters given herewith,
which are all In German. Mendelssohn's letter is
in English, a language which he handled per
Frankfort, January 20, 1545.
Dear Sir- I beg to return my best and most sin
cere thanks for your letter. Indeed, I may say that
I foil truly proud in receiving so kind and so highly
nattering an invitation, and the offer itself, as we
as the friendly words in which you couched it. will
"wavi continue a source of pride and true sratlfl
cation for which I shall feei sincerely indebted to
>oßut0 But it is not in my power to accept that invita
tion although I am sure, it would have been the
ereatMt trf-at to me if I could have done so. My
heaHh has seriously suffered during the last .year
nd a lournev like that to your country, which I
would have been most happy to undertake some
three or four years ago. is at Present beyond my
teach Even the shorter trips which I used to
m'nke to England or the South of Germany have
matte 10 1 Biiln? to __ and It will require a.
fewTearS perf &" r&t before I shall again be able
♦o undertak^ the direction of a musical festival
even in mv own country. I need not tell you how
much I regret to find it utterly impossible to come
and to Zk Vou in person for all the kindness and
f"-ienritihii> which your letter contains.. are cer-
Acot then mv written thanks, which are cer
talnlv not leia" sincere and heartfelt, and pray let
EH3 .Wfsk. - a s-sft^
Sebted to you. I shall always remain, dear sir.
yours '«°« t LlsuL 1 5 u! iENr)E ii i SSOHN BARTHOLDT.
That Mendelsohn, when he wrote this letter,
was fearing the breakdown which came with
frightful suddenness three years later Is p.ain It
is confirmed, too. by a letter to an English friend,
written about a fortnight earlier, in which he
says- "I myself am what you know me to be; but
what you do not know is that I have for some
time felt the necessity for complete rest-not trav
elling, not conducting, not performlng-so keenly
that I am compelled to yield to it and hope to bo
able to order my life accordingly for the whole year
It is therefore my wish to stay hero quietly through
winter.' and summer, sans journeys sans
festivals, sans everything." He did seek rest for
■ while, but waa dragged into the whirl at Bariln
and Lelpsio and conducted two festivals at Alx- la-
Chapelle and Birmingham (when "Elijah had its
first production) before death overtook him on
November 4, 1847. Spohr died October 22. 1869.
Both men were elected honorary members of the
Philharmonlo Society In 1M& Mendelssohn let
ter of acceptance exists in lithographic facsimile
and is reprinted in my memorial monograph;
Spour-a was lost with many others. Only the let-
Brooklyn Advertisements.
| In every detail the Leading Retail Establishment of Brooklyn,
Store Opens To-morrow at 8 A. M.
The Entire Journeay and Burnham Stock j
Of China and Housefurnishings Here To-morrow at a Third
to Half Under Regular Prices.
TO-DAY WE PRESENT THE NEWS of the most extraordinary offering of China and Housefurnishings ever made a.ny
where. It is news that will stir the interest of every Brooklyn woman ; that will make a sensation wherever it ia read.
There is no need to speak to Brooklyn people of the character of the Journeay and Burnham Store. For many years it has stood for the best in
retail merchandising. For years many of Brooklyn's most discriminating people have been its clientele.
But the Journeay and Burnham name was built on the selling of Dry Goods and kindred merchandise, and now its management have deemea It
wise to continue along those lines and to give up entirely the departments for the selling of China, Cut Glass, Housefurnishings and the like.
The entire Journeay and Burnhnm stocks of China. Cut Glass and Housefurnishings came to us because, through this Store and to a Bp ™ kI £)
public who know the fine character of the goods, the promptest distributio nis assured. They came to us also because their owners f eh that by thj
Loeser Store the transaction would be conducted in the straightforward and dignified manner which the house of Journeay and Burnham wou.d
approve and which the character of the occasion deserves.
To this Journeay and Burnham stock we have added new and immense purchases from other sources, and to-morrow tne Sa.e wul start, presenting
Over $50,000 Worth of Splendid Goods Under Price*
The stock is spread through the basement, the first floor and even on the second floor of the store. The goods were ail recently bought and
are fine and new. . , .
The Sale begins to-morrow morning at eight o'clock sharp. It will continue over as many days as the goods last.
A $46,200 Stock of Oriental Rugs-
The Whole Magnificent Stock of E* T, Mason & Co. To-mor-
row for a Full Third Under the Regular Prices-
1 MORNING. This store is widely famous for the selling. of Oriental Rugs. Probably in no other one store in the country
are so many and so fine Rugs sold. And so it was natural that when the fine and famous old house of E. T. Mason & Co. of>7 East ;
17th Street" Manhattan, decided to give up the Oriental Rug business their stock should first be submitted to us.
The Mason house have for many years been great importers of Oriental Silks and Rugs, and now the silk business has grown
so great as to demand all their attention, and the Rug end of the business is to be terminated.
We bought the entire stock-OVER FORTY-SIX THOUSAND DOLLARS' WORTH-of splendid Rugs, and they will all be here to-morrow ,
for a full third under the regular he ßu g s ar C beautiful and perfect and in the popular sizes. The stock fa especially rich in the Shirvan and K«ak
p It is a " ia S ni , all oAe "r ' favored by the good taste of Brooklyn people. There are Oriental Carpets, too, in the sale-a splendid stock of th«n.
"Re^ber a t^is is not a sale of odds and ends, but a choice, ful.. splendid stock as fine as anything that could be bought to ,dl for full prices,
and to be bought now for just about what it would cost to land them in this country.
ters of Wasner and Liszt remain In the archives
of the society.
My Dear Mr. Hill- C Tl%%^uTl^rieTer S
My Dear Mr. H [ll l. .^^Vure that all goes
I have often however were the good
well with you; dearer, Q n °7 e^i' n dlv recollection
reports and the evidence of^endl> r g far had
from your own hand. I. state In ail respects,
cause to be * a - tlß £ e<x .%}?? d ™Lhi me to see some-
It Is true that it would de iigi ™ l x tunlty should
thing of your work and .1 the wo great
offer to send someth ng to me « 'L™ to report
difficulty, I beg of > '"U not to lei p report
As regards your commi^'on^ for pianoforte and
as follows: Of my compos lions ioi v plece s. two
violin there have been P«n led J^^ 1 them the
sonatas and a sonatine. it > v " ent to you
simplest way would be to h.ye tnem belieVe ,
by the Lelpsic P ub t llsh " Hca Are "«>' not in
you. but I must add that v an, to be effective,
and admirable forces If the> are h rch mU sic,
Ido not know the condi t o n d « >ou our own. the
and can only tay that, juaj sing v - d , n worship
performance of these masses^ ror or Germany
fs difficult, and V? 11 *^ 1 , n i^d Munich where they
outside Vienna, careful preparation,
might go fairly well *Uhou^ caretu P^y
I lack the k "f 'iTre Doums completely. I
genre of anthems -an ale ia uncertain to
have no models ami w ' io. D credlt either to me
write anything £jK£*sJn? Horsley. of London,
or you. A young Kn S"f hn l an '" tf >lls mo that the
who is taking J*" 0 ™ Xn^er o our chorales;
Psalms are set in the manner^, served with a
if so. then you might Da st mel° dles of these
unison chorale book. r '^ d ™f thf , rmoniza
hymns are nearly all old and on y adm irable ones,
tlon by modern masters, Fischer, by gchwensse
like that of Sehaick SU U nisono. with organ
and others, which c an be sun=u olces . you will
accompaniment, us Also by £>"£ and can easily
find lnJ"™ h ™ ''Hto them These hymns have
adapt English avoids to tntn compositions.
a dignity unknown to m^™ bes ide* nfa oratorios
Of Spohr's there are print, >• i^ c- double chorus
in J ianoforte score some m , s so a ma£3 for two
sssstfSSKW^ri?? a single "Salve
Reglna." things would be of use to
]f 1 knew that thepet^{J| m of wUh naste;
you I would gladly send tn m. i * d gerve
reflecting that W&SSfiSiO 9* you to so con
your purposes, I hes'tat. P consldaration has
siderable an expense l^ A i should have done
hitherto given me pause*. ai « ww _ 4sk you about it
at once what I am don g n recommended and
Let me recapitulate _wmn in tQ adapted
ask you to > nfor $ it t hibest of desires I cannot
'Ue^^ce^nce*? am unfamiliar with the
f i e ison 1 ata ofo0 for tl p°lanoforte and violin by Hauptmann.
"—Ditto, Sonatina, op. 5.
tlalve &'£ a"* vocl (chorus) di Hauptmann,
' =^Css;^.o!oZC: e s^ a cher,
8 - ChO b r y l Schw?ndo- U To • thalers).
I pi3Elpted ow^^iiosU,on0 w^^iiosU,on
of an oratorio me i^a. f Taylor. Of
ft? VSnSSt reception which his mtisic and he hfm
the brilliant re ' cf /' l " JJ L tiwl !n Norwich you doubt
self received <ul-£y^m i prlnte d ln the Er.g
less have read. Bln £ f . nl t vl h '' rt!lv^will it rejoice me
llsh n^Xromynu soon. Please give my greet
to hear «f*"L22S«Jnherie and tell him that I have
IR f B , t0 H M Jrpf?U- to htar of his prosperity. The
There is little need of comment on this letter,
the most interesting feature of which is the evidence
which It offers of Hill's desire to better the church
muelc of New-York by importing some of tho ad
mirable compositions of Hauptmann The Horsley
rc-'erred to was Charles Edward Horsley, who went
to Cassel to study with Hauptmann ln 1539 (the
year of the letter): afterward had instruction from
Mendelssohn in L«lpsic, came to tho United States
about thirty-five years ago, and died in New-York
on March 2. 1576. It was In Cassel that Hill met
-William Scharfenberg. who was a native of Cassel,
to which city he returned after he had studied
Pianoforte with Hummel, a pupil of Mozart's. He
was playing second violin in Spohr's Quartet when
Hill studied with the master, and It was Hills
enthusiasm that brought him to New- in 1533.
H. E. XL
To Develop 50.000 Horsepower at Cost of
Offhand a Northerner would not consider th*
mountains of North Carolina an ideal spot in which
to spend $10,000,000 building a power plant. This la
being done however, by a company headed by
George I Whitney, of Pittsbunij, and Including
among the director* Edward Popper, a New-York
banker A power plant capable of developing 60,
000 horsepower, which will bo the largest develop
ment south of Niagara Falls, Is already partly con
structed at a point on the Yadkln River about
thirty miles south of Salisbury. The foresighted
nes of th« capitalists behind It is recognized, how
ever when It is known that there are 257 cotton
mills within a radius of eighty miles, using 73,wW
1 Brooklyn Advertisements. 1 Brooklyn^ AdieriisemenU*
honepower. Nearly all of these now use steam, a
more expensive power. These mills and a num
ber of furniture mills, also, can be reached by elec
tric transmission lines.
The location of the plant is one of the lovely
spots in the "Land of the Sky." It is about
twenty-five miles south of Salisbury and seven
miles east of the Norwood branch of the Southern
Railway. The company has constructed a branch
railroad from New-Londoa on this line to the
point, and there established a town which is called
Whitney. Here the Yadkin la a quarter of a mile
wide. With a peaceful murmur this stream, great
er in volume than the upper Hudson, flows down
between the pine clad bluffs to the narrows, live
miles below. At the narrows th« stream is so
contracted that a lHSty armed lad could throw a
Etone across its swirling current, but so deep thnt
its bottom has never been touched. The narrows
are a mile in length. In she course of Its passage
through them the water drops ninety feet. The
power station is to be erected at the upper end of
the narrows. Should the demand for Dower be
sufficient, another plant will be erected, at the foot,
capable of developing 36/'OO horsepower in addi
Although opened only a few months ago. Whitney
is a hustling community. It already has a popula
tion of about 2,000 and a postofflce. and does a
freight and express business equal to that of the
remainder of the towna on the Norwood branch.
Night and day the narow gauge construction trains
puff along the massive granite dam with tnoir
cargoes of eight ton blocks of stone and their loads
of cement. Night and day the steam shovels
scattered along the route of the canal which will
guide the water to the power plant four and a
half mtlea away, at the head of the narrows, tear
up loads of yellow clay. The work and some of
the houses on the place are lighted by electricity,
and a telephone and telegraph service has been
put in. In the course of a year or so a cotton mill
of 10.000 spindles will be erected on the bank, of tne
canal near the village.
The plan for the development of the electric
power includes the erection of a granite dam a
quarter of a mile long, thirty-eight feet high and
containing more than 100.000 cubic feet of heavy
granite blocks. From the dam a canal will guide
the water to the turbines, four and a half miles
away, at the head of the narrows. The stream of
water passing through Jhls canal will be IS feet
deep 40 feet wide at the bottom and 122 at the
surface It would be possible for th^ largest
Bteamships of the Great Lakes to float ln it. Before
it is completedf 2,0(0,000 cubic yards of earth will be
excavated At the power house the water will
enter the turbines 129 feet below the surface. It
is expected that the wheels of the turbines will
begin to revolve on January 1. 1907. A cuarter of
the work has already been done.
The Whitney company owna more than 10.0 CO
acres of land "on both sides of the river, some of
which will doubtless be used for mill sit*s. and
granite quarries more than 300 acres in extent.
The dam is being built with granite taken from one
of the quarries.
[From The Tribune Bureau]
Washington, Oct. 28.— The canal zone of the
isthmus of Panama has a seal of its own. Just
adopted by the Isthmian Canal Commission, fot
authenticating contracts, obligations and other
official action. The device is intended to be
simply symbolic of United States sovereignty
over the thirty mile wide strip from oceau to
ocean and the construction of the greatest arti
ficial waterway on the globe.
The Panama Republic has had a seal of Its
own, come down from the early days of State
hood under Colombia, which it still uses, but
this had no significance for canal purposes and
portrayed nothing indicative of the character
istic American enterprise which Is now making
the isthmus the chief concern of civilization.
So Gaillard Hunt, of the Department of State,
who designed the seals of the Philippines, of
Porto Kico and the new Department of Com
merce and Labor; collaborating with Tiffany &
Co of New-York, recently submitted the artistic
device shown in the illustration, which has
finally been put into practical use this week
There was no need to have anything historical
in the design, for the canal as yet has Its his
tory before it, but It was regarded as essential
to present heraldically the character of the en
terprise with unmistakable clearness.
The new seal, which is highly colored, is de
scribed as follows: "A shield showing, in base.
Designed by Gaillard Hunt and Trffany & Co.
a Spanish galleon of the fifteenth century under
full sail corning head-on between two high
banks, all proper; the sky yellow with the gjaw
of sunset. In chief, the colors of the arms of
the United States. Under the shield a ribbon
bearing the motto: 'The Land Div!d#d: Ilia
world united.' "
Contlnned from «lith page.
lamson is of decided Interest to the younger sat ir.
this borough, as the bride-elect was graduated from
Packer in 1303 and was also a member of the dra
matic society. Her fiancg is the son nf Mrs. Tohn
Williamson, of 3d Place. Miss Smith Is the ds-ujh
ter of Judge and Mrs. Witmot M. Smith, of Pat
Mrs. Esther Hoagland-Homan and Vlcto- E.
Meert are to be married to-morrow tt noon at
the Church of St. Vincent Ferrer, at Wth-it. and
Lexlngton-avp.. Manhattan.
The wedding of Miss Lillian Irene Ferrl3. daufc-ht*r
of Mr. and Mr?. Eugene Ferris, of No. 541 2>i-st..
and Joseph A. Keenan. of Manhattan, is scheduled
to take place on Wednesday evening, November 1,
at St. Franci3 Xavier'a Church. A reception will
Next Tuesday will bring the weddln* of Miss
Anna Curtis Low. daughter of Mr. and MYs. ■WTi'.iam
Oilman Low, and Herbert Grant W.itfon. at Oraea
Church on the Heights. Invitations have been
limited to relatives and a few Intimate friend*.
Dr. and Mrs. Charles Jewett, of No. 330 Clinron
ave., announce the engagement of their daugtit^r.
Miss Alice Hale Jewett. to John Th^dore 3chw A rtn.
son of Mr. and Mrs. John C. Schwarte, of Saratoga.
The engagement has recently been ajnnotiric*>t of
Miss Ada Estelle Malby. daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
George F Malby, of No. 51 Clark-st.. ar.d Lawr-ncs
Carter Dameron, son of Dr. and Mrs EdwaM P.
Dameron, of Kentucky.
Another recently announced engagement !« that
of Miss Enid Inez French, daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Darwin G. French, of No. 234 West 45th-st..
Manhattan, and Daniel Oliver Towl» son of Mr.
nn>i Mrs. Theodore M. Towle. of No. to Montgomery
The patronesses for the holiday assemblies this)
year, to be held, as usual, at the Pouch Gallery,
are Mrs. Frank R. Bak*r, Mrs. Laurens Reev»
Bowden, Mrs. Charles Melvill» Bull. Mrs. John
Francis. Mrs. William A. Hunter. Mrs. Frank 3.
Jones, Mrs. Herbert T. Keteham. Mrs. A. 3. Kirk
man, Mrs. Edgar F. Luckenbach. Mrs. Harry 8.
Moul. Mr*. Frank B. Ogllvie, Mr?. Charles W.
Preston. Mrs. Edward S. Pilcher, Mrs. E. Lowmie*
Rhett, Mrs. James Watt, Mrs. Henry Hayes Wood
and Mrs. FrederU-k W. Wurater. On the commit
tee are Mrs. William Robinson Simons. Mrs. Ro
land Whitney Beits, Mrs. Joseph T D. CormrslL
Miss Kate D. Keteham, Miss Mary Pre»tnr!, Miss
Adele H. Bull. Miss Anna Francis, Miss Louis* C.
Wurster Miss Ethel Kirkman and Miss Helen F.
Hunter. ' The dates are November 2S. January 3
and April 18.
Under the patronage of Mrs. Horatio Mortlaaor
Adams. Mrs. Glenworth Reeve Butler, Mrs. T A.
M. Burrell, Mrs. S. Edwin Buchanan, Mrs. William
B. Dudley. Mrs. William Pitman Enrl*. Mrs. Fran
jpis Bumner Ford. Mrs. Charles William FraaaMr,
Mrs Edward M C.i int. Mrs Franklin \V. Hopkins,
Mrs. William Murray, Mrs Charles F. N-ereaard.
Mrs. James Guthrie Shaw and Mrs. Edwin L.
Snedecker. the X - will be held at tha
new IMghts Casino on Saturday evenings. LVcem
ber 23. January 3t>. February 17 and March IT. *nd
Tuesday evening. April XL
The new Heights Casino was throafCd wttfe *
lepresentative gathering on Thursday •veiling, the
cccaslon being the formal housew .irmlrs. Though
principally a Heights affair, socially prominent
people, old and young, fr-m every district f th*
borough, were there. Tho tennis couri. where a
string orchestra played, wt.s converted into a ball
room for tho evening. Refreshments were served
ln tho foyer of the second floor. The quests w :re
received by t'.ie officers*. Alexander M Whlt*. jr .
John Hill M ■*!!:. It. William H. 8r:...- i. ..'.,- and
Frank Sherman Benson.
Arrangements are being made for a dance at th»
Heights Casino on Wednesday evening. November
29. for the benefit of the Little Italy Seitlfirwnt.
The committee in charge Includes H Ednfard.
Preler. John Hill Morgan. Divlil Stuart. Ellta Uord.
Claude LJebman and Eugene Houcher.
Recent returns to town include the CJecrc* H.
Southards, of Remson-st.. from Westport .int.
.'■■!;•-->: Mr. and Mrs. James L. Taylor and Mist
Taylor, of Carroll-st.. from Manchester, Vt.; Mrs.
John B. Woodward and -Mrs. M>r>- B. Woodward,
of Henry-st.. from the Kent House, Green-Moh,
Conn.: Mrs. George Holt Henshaw, <• Stute>at
from Heliport, Long Island; th.- William Jarviea.
of Joral«»nion-*t.. iron 1 . Muss Hooks. Gloucester.
Mas.-i.; '•• Andrew lH.upb.Ttys, of Grace Court: th*
Charl<'* M. Hulls, of H"nrv-?t., from Cariar
Newport, It. 1., and .Mrs Walter Curtis, ait hioxx-
Us.i;v:o Tenac*, from Waddimrton. N. T.

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