Newspaper Page Text
STATE BAB : MEETING.
j H. CHOATE NOW HEAD. Congressman JMOefidd Discusses Voters of President and Congress. ihanv Jan 16.— features of the twenty .v*aanuai meeting of the Xew-York State C ' r '"A<«;ociat!on to-day were the speech by Con- Bar « nßnn Bn ClaUfefl E. Llttlefield. of Maine, in discussed the power of the President "Id Congress under the Constitution, and the Action of Joseph H. Choate. ex-Ambassador to plat Britain, as president of the association. G T>ie Assembly Chamber was crowded in the • -ing when Mr. Littlefield made hla address. fffDXPS He said in part: ■rhfu, theoretically ar.d rhetorically, ours Is a JSrn'ment of the people, by the people and lor f0 Single" in fact, it is • government of all th' SLSTwy less than one-fifth of the people. P2E? tendency cf our Eystem la to encourage the J .hat an act of the legislature is the panacea »•«* .'rti to which the body politic ia heir. ELJ2?«ner»T is too often exhausted in procuring SKnartment of law. and nothing is left to compel i?2foreemen£ Effective, thorough and contlnu 'i e erfo-^ment of exlstJn* legislation would prob- render unnecessary a large portion of the new » > •,'". ■-.■--. --.-r.tiy clamored for and result in il^ rfreai & D lch i! 1 conceived legislation. '^-■i'ar discussion seems to have vested the Pres ,K°- irit! prerogatives that were omuted in his SSftntional grant of powers His only constitu- SE2i oMMCtlon with legislation, that I am able to SStathe approval or disapproval of acts of COn ££• Yd na time to time giving to Congress ln f^it'on of the state of the Union and recom- Sn?to Its ror.slderation such measures as he *ki'iTV-'-.ice necessary and expedient. *r»i«»mendttton once made, his full power is .A-'teed «i<! Its fate, from s. constitutional stend "':;' i« 'of no concern to him. Beyond question it P.i-Vdutv of the Cor.gress to consider carefu ly 16 rwSeCtftlHy his recommendation?. It is a^so f?. au'y«n<3 privilege of each member of Congress I r-ich h's own conclusions, as he alone is respon s«?foV Wi faction, even though his view of the pab'o wellare requires him to rej.ct a recommen *§?JDdeni«nt upon which a member acts Fhould k h« cwr and not another's. To that his oan **■» i*t« t-.tltled. The Executive recommends; ?>i *§,'««» i«^tes. A prevailing impression ti uMET-orl- this relation as illustrated by tfte 1 Sing Bou?ti n from the press: -According to fo if. rr ,f. t w.;rViv eccounts the President will oegin £S B^^ oo y pp&tfok?.S SancAi? Tthis particular instance, the Sen ?e Fe is Pl*ced of vigorously Jteotaoed AataU »tand-«nd-deUver attitude. His SbjlS put him in a position of usurpation SStts Senate in the humiliating positlonof being Sriven into registering an execuUve decree. It Is reflection upoa the President that other men •KSarJid con^t^lcnal ro^rs of the Presi. wwe-o no" the supreme issue in the last na campaign. The PHllppli.es Panama, 13th *Mn Cana! and the trusts involved legislative and S»»tive power; at least no etretch of executi^ ™wer. The pension order, while challenged, was, h o ser.fe, a • 1 6u;reme issue." Tre aesertion that extreme or extra eonsUtu tional executive action received an "overwhelming bSnement by the people," in that campaign pro c»*ds upon an entire r.ilsconceptlon of the facts, though superficially it might be thought correct. TV-at created the general Impression of an over whelming indorsement" was the fact that Parker U| short of Bryan's vote 1.250.555, giving Roosevelt Li ■hnonnally large popular majority. The totai vote In I*.* was 433,723 smallar than In 1500, when, wliii an equally general expression of the people tt the polls, there should have been S per cent, or 1.117.175 more than in 1900. showing that 1.i>52.899 voters tailed to vcte, as compared with 1900. The sm whelming result was not caused by more vote* for Roosevelt, but by less for the other tickets, co that the people can' hardly be sale: to have given ■a overwheimlng indorsement of anything. Experience has demonstrated that there was never a more baseless notion than that the Judg- Eent of the legislature upon the question of con ititutionalltv of legislation is as reliable as that of Ike court. i could cite an Instance within my own knowledge of a distinguished lawyer of unusual courage and decision voting as a legislator for a prcpo^r which, within "two years thereafter, ac;ir,f; in a Judicial capacity, he denounced with righteous and indignant vigor as unconstitutional. nfl r..ak!ng It unlawful for one class of men to do in act which another class of men, under like circumstances, were permitted to do. The gross abuses fn life Insurance which have t«:i disclosed by the recent Investigations have vtry properly intensified ihe j-iublic dermm<3 for ■on effective regulPtlon anj control. A3 to which lurisdlction Is best calculated to produce this re sdt 1 ehall not now discuss. Though I am by no m»ans certain that come of the men seeking for W^ial cor-tml are not anxious for less, rathT then more, rigorous supervisioi Whether they car. be wbj p "*' 1 d to federal control depends upon ■tether fnsurarce, because It h r^ns to be done '.'. iitttreni. Ftates by the *p.:r" ''->mpany or in a 6tate other than that of its origin, is interstate cnxmertx within the meaning of the Constitution. It decisions of the federal and State courts estab lish aEvthir.g, Etreh insurance is not Interstate ceir-aeree. George Lawyer in h!s address argated that the grand Jury system should b« abolished on fi-count o? Its secrecy, ex pane character and "■sm-lence to popular prejudice. To-morrow Wiillam M. Ivins. of N"*>w-York, will speak on "Electoral Reform." A BLOW TO WORKMEN. The Council in Prison — Re formsPeasa n t Risings. 6t Petersburg, Jan. IC— All the mempers of the Workmen's Council, numbering twenty-two persons, were arrested last night. The police *e!zed many revolutionary documents and a ■Hi of correspondence. The police also discovered the headquarters from Which the propaganda in the army and fcavy has been conducted. nr;d peized a cipher ■■t through which It Is expected the details of f "Me or«ranij:n i ion will be revealed. Two girl "toents v.;. n In charge of ln^ headquar- Wi and a scoi of so] Hera and sailors have been arrested. Realizing that reforms in the army and navy K 'Jst come from above, the Council of National Dtfer.ee has determined tn bepin a thorough houpe cleaning, ishiering and relieving by *'hoiesa]e officers who showed incompetency or rulpabiliiy In the recent, troubles. Seven offi "•W ot The mutinous Kostoff Grenadiers of Mos bmt Vf : flropped recently, and it is said that ■JOtty officers of the Black Sea fleet will be tried by court -n;artial. ( The sgrai disorders which have taken place ■ the outskirts of st. Petersburg have assumed 4n BSJy phase. The peasants have sacked (be es gteß of The Duke <>f Mtecklenburg-Strelitz and Wace Korslk iff, and have burned the building's op an estate In the d'strict of Tsarskoe-Selo, a: aEt in Bight of the Emperor's palace. The Terrorist ■ rganization is including in its ■Mb roll not only officials but also the leaders c - the conservative organizations. A d>«patch from Smolensk fays that M. Kou- JJti president of the leagae formed to defend •c autocracy, has b^n murdered at his re*l -crr<l by eictrt Terrorists, who acted with the Roost boldness and left a notlcf to the effect Jit a similar fate will befall all the membere of in*- league. HIBSEIPJIAN ICERIWETHER KESIGIfS. Brarch Fight Sentence and Hazing Charges May Keep Him in Academy. Ar.r.apr'ls. Md., Jar.. Midshipman Minor Merl **'- I^*. ft* hat- resigned from the Naval Academy. ]} '■' MtM his r«"e!?natlnn is' not likely to be ac °|Pt*4. ae he is now t>eln X tried for hazing. He Is •mo under sentence of confinement to the academy ESP* 8 '^" n-p year, en accourft of his connection jstfc th* flrht fn whicn Midshipman James R. H:ar- r . received fatal injuries. RUMORS OF TARIFF WAR DENIED. J^* r! -". Jan. 17.— The "Neve Polltische Correspon •^•z" cays that ranon to tr.e effect that disagree *ea *s have arisen between Germany and the '•.nite-i Btatea regarding the proposed commercial '•«aty i. r , without foundation, a.« both countries -esire to avt , id a tar war . ROMMERY %& THE STANDARD FOR CHAMPAGNE QUALITY The Best Wine that Money, Care and Experi ence can Produce. Francis Dr&z Co^ Sole Aaents U. S., 32 Beaver SU N. Y. City AID FOR PRINTERS. Strike Ertends to Electrotypers and Stereotypers. The 6trike of the printers against the Typothet® ■was extended to the electrotypers and stereotypers yesterday, on the calling by President McCormick of Typographical Union No. 6 of a sympathetic strike of the members of Electrotypers' Union No. 1 and Stereotypers' Union No. 1. The members of the two unions were also forbidden to work in the Ehops of independent printing- concerns which do work for the Typothetsp. Th« sympathetic strike affects the members "of th« Typothetae who have their own foundries. The Trow Directory and Printing Company, which locked out its compositors when their de mands went Into effect, granted the demands of the union yesterday and took its men back. The Trow company is not a member of the Typotheta?. but had been assisting Its members. According to the officers of the Typothetae, the Trow company took back Its men when it realized that the Typothetae was likely to win, on the understanding: that if the Typotheta wins its compositors will return to the nine hour workday. The Typothetse gave out the following statement last night as a summary of the situation: The events of to-day in the fight between Typo graphical Union No. 6 and tho Typothet* have changed the position cf the Typothetae from one of defence to one of aggression. Typographical Union >.'o. 6, realizing that they have been defeated by the Typothela?. and that forty-seven open shops have . beon established in New- York (which they admit in their own circular tent out yesterday) have in their desperation rtra*n the electrotypers into the fight, who to-day refused to hand le the work of the struck shops although the" agreed to do bo and have done co up to to-day. Therf are already four open electrotype shops in New-York, and others will be started at once If necessary. The employers. In anticipation of pos sible trouble with the electrotypers. have been preparing for all emergencies, and have more than one hundred and ninety applications from non union electrotypers who are willing and intend to come to New-York and take the places of the Btrikers. This number of men represents practically the entire strength of Stereotypers l ™ NN H °- r i' which has gone on strike, me electrotypers re ceive the highest pay. running fom J2o to *40 per week, and the non-union men are glad of tne chance to be put to work at these wages. It is an ticipated that there will be absolutely no lnoon- The general situation. In so far as the Typothetas Is concerned, is stronger to-r.ight tn every respect than at any stage since the strike began. The arrival of forty competent men to-day trom tne West strengthened the composing room forces and enables the employers to take care of their busi ness with increased facilities. The Trow Company, who have not been a mem ber of the Typothetse. and who only agreed to close their composing rooms until a number or open chops were established, now feel that this purpose has been accomplished, and they will take their own men back on Thursday. This action in no respect weakens the position of tha Typothetae. whose fighting line has remained intact since tne last council of war a week ago. The officers of Typographical Union No. 6 and the printers" chapel of the Methodist Book Con cern, which is resisting the demands of the union, Issued a circular headed, "A Macedonian Appeal to the Methodist Cltrgy," yesterday, in reference to the strike against the Methodist Book Concern. It 835-S that. "Notwithstanding the attempt of the Typothetaa to befog the issue, there is only one question Involved in this otrike-the eight-hour day." FEANCE AND VENEZUELA. Ministers Discuss Situation— Caracas Paper Praises Mr. Russell. Paris. Jan. 16.— The Ministerial Council this morning went over the Venezuelan difficulties. No official notification of the rupture of relations between France and Venezuela has yet^ been given out M. Maubourguet, the envoy of Venez uela here, continues to occupy his post. Caracas. Jan. 13 (via Port of Spain, Jan. IG),— The "Constltuclonal" to-day published the offi cial correspondence on the difficulties between France and Venezuela, and remarked editorially: The friendly mediation of the American Min ister Mr Russell, rendered the Incident less painful. His good offices satisfied the Venezue lan government. The government decree of May. 1904. Imposing a surcharge of 30 per cent on goods trans shipped from the West Indies, has been repealed. DOMINGAN REBELLION ENDS. Monte Cristi Surrenders and the Indepen dencia Gives Up Struggle. Santo Domingo. Jan. 15.— The port of Monte Cristi, on the north coast, capitulated to the government forces to-day, the latter guarantee- Ing to protect trip lives and property of the rebels. The Dominigan gunboat Independencia, which supported General Morales, the former President of Santo Domingo, also surrendered after her commander had sought refuge on one of the American warships. The revolution is ended and all is quiet. JONES MEDAL FOR GENERAL PORTER. Ex-Ambassador Honored by American Scenic and Historic Society. At the decennial commemoration of tho American Scenic and Historic Society last night, at the Wal dorf-Astoria, General Horace Porter received two testimonials in recognition of his services In recov ering the body of John Paul Jones. One was the official tribute of the city ar.d the other was pre sented by the society, of which General Porter is a charter member. Alderman Reginald 8. Doull presented to Gen eral Porter the testimonial of the city. It consisted of an album, containing the resolution adopted by the Board of Aldermen, signed by Mayor McClel lan and illuminated with water color Illustrations of the engagement of the Bon Homme Richard and the Serapls, the arms of Xew-York and other emblems. Walter S. Logan, president of the society, then gave General Porter the memento of the society, which consisted of a silver replica of the gold medal struck by order of Congress in 1753 for Commodore Jones. Edward Hagaman Hail, in a talk about tho Pali sades, said the society hoped that within a few years there would be a" drive along the rocks which would be named Morgan Boulevard, in recognition of the work done by j. Pierpont Morgan in saving them from destruction by the quarries. Kx-Senator Clarence Lexow received a silver replica of the Greater New-York medal in recogni tion of his co-operation in the work of the society. Before the addresses the following were elected: Honorary president, J. Pierpont Morgan; president, Walter B. Logan; vice-presidents, Frederick W. Pavof. Charles B. Francis, Gtooree F. Kunz, Henry M Leipziger; treasurer. N. Taylor Phillips; coun sel Colonel Henry W. Sackctt; landscape architect, Sanaiel Parsor.e, Jr.; secretary, Edward Hagaman HalL TO RUN MACHINERY BY CAT POWER. Chicago, Jan. 16. — A project to / lessen the expense of generating power to run the exhibits at the electrical show is under consideration. The plan Is to utilize the electricity latent In 257 cats. Experts Interested in the show say the scheme if feasible. NASTS DAUGHTER SEEKS DIVORCE. Morristown, X. J., Jan. 16.— Mrs. Sarah Kdlth Porter has brought a suit for separation from her hueband. Robert H. E. Porter. The suit is based on alleged desertion nnd non-support Mrs. Porter is a daughter of the late Thomas Xast, the famous caricaturist, and her husband Is a son of General Fitz John Porter. JsHW-YOKK DAILY TRIBUNE. WED^SPAY. JAXUARY lrT'lOOfi. OPEN DOOR IN MOROCCO. Continued from first page. close co-operation between Great Britain and France. The international squadrons keep up an Inter mittent bocming of guns as ambassadors come and go. The American squadron lies across the bay. inside the Mole of Gibraltar. The Ayuntamiento, or Town Hall, of Algeciras, has been refitted for the sessions. The marble staircase is carpeted with red velvet and lined with palms. The assembly room, where the delegates meet, is wainscoted with walnut and has red curtains and a red carpet. The table at which the delegates sit runs almost the entire lengrth of the hall. On the president's right are the Germans, Hcrr yon Radowitz. Ambassador to Spain, and Count yon Tattenbach, Minister to Portugal; next are the two Belgians, separat j ing the Germans from the French delegates, headed by M. Revoil, former Governor of Al giers. At the president's left are the Austrians, and then Ambassador White and Minister Gum mere There are two large religious pictures in the hall, one at each end, and electric lights and typewriters give the place an appearance of havincr modern conveniences. The president's private room is well furnished. Private con ference rooms have been allotted to the Amer ican delegation and other delegations. Herr yon Radowitz, in the course of a con versation with a correspondent to-day, ex pressed strong conciliatory views. He said: "All allusion to war is purely phantasmagoric." FOR MOROCCAN PEACE. Instructions Leave tfo Danger of A nif "Entangling Alliances" [From The Tribune Bureau.] Washington, Jan. 16. — The instructions to the American delegates to the Algeciras conference, which is dealing with the future of Morocco, are so clear and explicit as to leave no oppor tunity for foreign complications or "entangling alliances." The instructions make It perfectly clear that the representatives of the United States are to confine their efforts to safeguard ing the rights of American citizens resident in Morocco and to the perpetuating of the "open door" policy In every way in which that policy may promote the commercial interests of this country. From the tone of the Instructions, as well as from the history of previous diplomatic rela tions with Morocco, it is obvious, as has al ready been pointed out in these dispatches, that neither the United States nor any European power regards Morocco as a wholly civilized and independent power, even were not this fact sufficiently demonstrated by the fact that the Sultan has deemed it necessary to submit the various proposed reforms to an international conference. Ever since IS<]3 the internal affairs of Morocco have been influenced, if not wholly controlled, by the civilized powers, to the extent of compelling that they be arranged with a view to affording justice to all foreign residents and equal commercial opportunities to all nations seeking trade relations with the country. The United States has taken part in this control. At the outset of his letter of instructions the Secretary announces that the rartlcipation of the United States In this conference is based ex clusively upon it 3 treaty rights with Morocco, a rearrangement of which is now proposed by the Sultan, who has extended invitations to the United States and other powers signatory to the treaty of 18b<) lo join in a conference to rlisrucg the manner for suitable reforms which the Sultan has decided to introduce In his em pire. TREATY RIGHTS OF THE UNITED STATES. By the treaty of 18S0. it is pointed out, this government is pledged the right of protection of a special class of native Moors. Further than this the treaty rights of this government, it is declared, are confined to an equal share fn what ever privileges of commerce and protection or residence may be enjoyed by other foreigners. As has been repeatedly announced by the de partment, the attitude of this government tow ard the politics of Morocco is clearly laid down In the instructions to its delegates to the con ference. Tho American delegates will have prac tically nothing to do with the solution of the problems save to express the hope that whatever arrangements may be entered into an equality of rights shall be guaranteed to the United States. Organization by way of an international agree ment of the police outside the border region is the first subject to be considered at the con ference, and on this question the instructions axe clear and direct. The Washington govern ment believes that such a measure will open the way to the attainment of a far reaching reform ■which will redound to the benefit not only of Morocco, but of all the powers concerned. If relations with that country are to be maintained satisfactorily. It is believed that there must pre cede such Intercourse an Internal situation which is favorable to It. The American dele gates will endeavor to obtain such advantages for American commerce, with protection for life and property and such equality of trade rights as will effectively remove the barriers to foreipm tiade that have hitherto existed, and make the dcor to the commerce of Morocco worth the opening. They will impress upon their con freres the fact that while the Washington gov ernment gives hearty Indorsement to the prin ciple of the open door, its Interest does not stop there. The government desires not only that the door shall be opened to the world's trade, but that it shall be utilized in a way that shall prove bene ficial alike to Morocco and to the treaty powers. Th« American delegates will favor the better ment |Of religious and class conditions Jn Mo rocco, all of which are regarded as Important factors in the proper and effective policing of the interior and in paving the way to Intercourse between Morocco and the outside world. Propo sitlons looking to the betterment of the Mo roccan people and calculated to enable them to derive benefits from the world's trade will re ceive the favorable consideration of the Ameri can delegates. CONDITION OF JEWS. Treatment of the Jews in Morocco is the sub ject of a special and supplementary letter of In structions, in which tho Secretary calls atten tion to the numerous and harsh discriminations against the Jews. The delegates are instructed to devote their best efforts to obtain the removal of such discriminations, and the hope is ex pressed that these efforts will command the un hesitating support of all tho treaty nation*. either on the ground of humanity or for the rea son that fair treatment to Jew and Gentile alike will go far toward making practicable the other measures adopted by the conference. With the suppression of the smuggling of arms in the border regions between Morocco and Algeria the Washington government ia not so directly concerned because of the nature of the programme for the conference, by which tho enforcement of such regulations is limited to France and Morocco. In so far, however, as the putting down of contraband trade la a subject of concern to international commerce, it la ex pected by the Washington government that it will share to some extent the consideration of the entire conference. . On the question of financial reform, which is tho second one to be discussed, tho instructions 10 the American delegate:* are confined to the general suMrestlon that tii<- open <i< <r policy will provi- .. !• . ;.r<l in the consKlera! this qufrfitloii, which carrh/s with it no , proposition for the establishment of a predomi nant foreign influence. Nor Is the United States concerned witn tne third subject or Uie Drugramm*— the more eco- VI SKY THE GENUINE Natural Alkaline Water THE ONLY GENUINE VICHY Bottled at the NATURAL SPRINGS In France. Never sold in Syphons Sold in Pints and Quarts only ICELESTINjI nomical collection of revenues and the establish ment of new taxes, or dues, unless American commerce should be discriminated against or affected. Here, as in the discussion of the first subject, the American delegates are instructed to insist upon equality of treatment for Amer ican commerce, trade, navigation and individual activities. They will also take care to see to it that the revenues shall be so adjusted as to In sure an equal distribution of the benefits of trade among all the treaty nations. In the dis cussion of the subject tho American delegates will also give special attention to the rights of the Mcrrlsh people and will favor a policy cal culated to encourage and assist them In building up their trade and increasing their commercial productive capacity. TO WORK FOR A "SQUARE DEAL." The American delesates are instructed heartily to support the fourth subject of the programme, which has for its object the prevention of private monopoly of the public services by letting them out or diverting them in some other manner which might prove injurious to the rights of the treaty powers as a 'whole. Secretary Root's letter is characterized through out by clarity of expression and detiniteness of purpose calculated to impress the powers shar ing in the conference with the impartial benevo lence and unbiased friendship cherished by the Washington government toward all concerned, an attitude which Mr. White and Mr. Gummere are specifically instructed to assume and rigidly adhera to. As the representatives of the Wash ington government, they are instructed to stand at all times for the "square deal," not only for Morocco but for all the Interested powers, and they will make it clear that this government, in consenting to enter the conference, confidently expects fair play for all. By their complete dissociation from any policy, act or expression which in the remotest degree would tend to thwart or delay an harmonious arrrangement between the treaty nations and Morocco, the American delegates are informed that this government hopes they may, in the case of such an unfortunate situation, add force to the absolute fairness of their advice, thereby in this negative but none the less influential manner making- for the complete harmony and accord of the conference. The delegates will be in constant touch with the department by cable, and whatever decisions they may reach will bo subject to the approval of the department. If a treaty Is agreed to the American delegates will subscribe to it ad referendum, leaving the question of the ap proval of their acts to the subsequent considera tion of the Department of State, end if the department's approval should be given leaving the resulting treaty to be passed on by the American Senate before its final ratification. RUMOR OF ANGLO-RUSSIAN COMPACT. London, Jan. 17. — "The Standard" this morn ing gives prominence to a statement that Great Britain and Russia have reached a satisfactory understanding for a common course of action In the Moroccan conference at Algeciras. CUBAN A PRISONER. Accused of Assault by Mother of Girl lie Eloped With. Armando de Annas, a young Cuban employed in the Cuban Treasury Department, Is a prisoner in the East 126th-st. station charged with trying to tshoot his cousin, Mrs. Marie de Arostegul, yester day. With his arrest was brought to light his elopement with his cousin's fourteen-year-old daughter last Sunday afternoon. After her mother refused to allow them to be married Do Annas re turned to the house and, it ia charged, threatened to kill the woman because she refused to give him the girl's jewels and th« property left to her by hor father. Mrs. do Arostegul says that De Annas drew a revolver and threatened to shoot her. The young Cuban was finally overpowered by three colored servants and a lawyer, who lives in the apartments above He was taken to the police station and locked up charged with attemDt at felonious as sault. The girl was found by detectives in a boarding house at No. 247 West 86th-st. She was placed under arrest and taken to the C\iMr. na Society rooms. MOB AT JAIL THREATENS LYNCHING. Guardsmen Ready to Rush to Save Negro Accused of Assault. [By Telegraph to The Tribun*.' Wilmington, Del., Jan. 16.— A report reached here late to-night from Milford. Del., that the town Jail, In which is John Longford, a negro, who as saulted Miss Flora Booze, a white schoolteacher, wca surrounded by an angry mob. It is said that threats of lynching are made. The negro was captured this afternoon. Tho officers of the militia here are ready to go to the scene, and will call the guardsmen if neces sary. Governor Lea Is keeping In touch with the situation. CALLS MAGISTRATES COWARDS. Judge Foster Castigates City Bench for Passing Responsibility in Trivial Cases. Judge Warren W. Foster, in Part 11, General Sessions Court, severely criticised yesterday the city magistrates, accusing some of them, although not by name, of being "moral cowards." The oc casion was a case sent to the grand Jury from a city magistrate's court which was. In the judge's opinion, far too trivial to nave been allowed to tako such a course. '•This case," said Judge Foster, "is one of a series we have been trying alf day. Now. if the cltv magistrate in this particular case had had the courage of his convictions ha would have thrown the case out of court. City magistrates should use some discretion and throw out, Instead of holding lor the grand jury, the numerous brawls and tights and similar petty cases, or put the de fendants under bonds to keep the peace. In this wav substantial Justice would oe meted out and the county sav«-d considerable expense and annoy ance It seems to lie almost a habit of those on whom minor judicial responsibility rests to become moral cowards, who in the disposition of certain cases always wain to p^s ami do pass tne re sponsibility onto some one else. • SUBWAY SURVEY FINISHED. A new board of directors was elected yesterday for the New-York Electric Lines Company, which controls the subway franchise of the Great Eastern Company, the new independent telephone concern. The board consists of George R. Bidwell, William Graves, Richard M. Montgomery. Wayne W. Wil son Edward M Millanl. Herman G. Loew. Per cival K. Jones. D. a. K.-yi.oids and George KUey. The directors elected tne following officers: U i.l lam Graves president; Herman Q. Loew, vlce nMiifnt Vavn.' W. Wilson. necretary; D. A. Ao!ds7 treasurer, and George K. Bidwell. man aS Mr' Bidwell reported that the subway survey ro r all of ThT Bronx, nearly all of Manhattan and about half o? Brooklyn had been mpleted. and th£t capTwere being made a, fast as the engineers f"iniri An the work Plans are also i>..-iu»f :u.iJo tor and Brooklyn? x£f Coaat Une Telephone Com pany of New-Jersey, a close ally ot tho Great Eastern, yesterday filed an application for a fran chise In Newark. MEN SEALED IN BURNING MINE. Calumet Mich., Jan. 16.'— AH hope for the three men shut 'up In tbe Darning port! cf the Xaxna rack mine wa s abandoned to-day. The company «*aled the mouth of the three shafts connected SlUi th« buralnjr aecUon*. The Indications are tnat th* f.-'« to ftiuuig .u*»a» t-y. Avoid Imitations! Which have oo medicinal properties. Analysis made by Fraser & Co. sth AvcN.Y., shows Syphon KicAjrtobeonly Croton water charged with gas. What is the object of the two great automobile shows that are now being held in New York:" Advertising, of course, primarily — but isn't it an important aid to the prospective purchaser to find gathered conveniently under one roof a great number of different makes, so that he may view, and compare, and interrogate, without the intervals that would necessarily occur if he were to travel about town seeking individual exhibits? The Wanamaker Piano Exhibition — permanent, not occasional — is of the same immense value to the intending piano buyer as the automobile show is to the man who wants to get a motor car. Here is gathered the greatest collection of standard pianos that the trade has ever known. It isn't an easy matter to carry in your mind's ear the tone of a piano from one wareroom to another — it is easy to carry it a few feet, from one piano to another. It isn't easy to remember the points that different salesmen make— still less so, to reconcile them. Here, you are accompanied on your round by one man, who will present the case of every piano in a fair and unbiassed way — it is left to you to decide which of the various pianos shown you meets your wishes best — in tone, style, and price. It is a com petitive examination for your favor ; and some one among the list of candi dates is bound to win it. Look at the imposing roster: The Chickering The Vose The Emerson The Kurtzmann The Merrill The Crown The J. C. Campbell The Frederick Doll And the celebrated Knabe Nine different makes of Pianos — each pre-eminent in its class. And this unequaled collection of Player Pianos : The Knabe- Angelus Piano The Emerson- Angelus Piano The Angelus Piano The Autopiano And the Angelus Piano Player And on all of them, the remarkably easy Wanamaker plan of monthly payments is effective. The Wanamaker Piano Store assures you absolute ease and satisfaction in the choice of a piano or Piano-Player— the most complete condition In the world from which to choose. A splendid assortment of all these instru ments is now ready on our floors. . I THREE DAILY TRAINS I CALIFORNIA ELECTRIC LIGHTED ' ELKCTRIC LIGHTED": 1 I Less than three days Chi-' Less than three days Chi r^eai^o^to^San^Francisco^ cago to Los Angeles, via the J I and Portland: Pullman,; new Salt Luke Route. Pull- I drawing room private' .man drawing room and compartment Sleeping .T Pullman Tourist S I cc pi n ; cars, Composite Observa' cars, Composite Observa tion car. tioncar. THe ChinT<S Japan Fast Mail VFast through cTafly train to S;in Francisco, Los Angeles' I and Portland without change.'-. Pullman. Drawing Room and Tourist Sleeping* Cars. ':Afe' : iMfeA'LS.-IN, DIN IN G CAR S ! Ilfihica qo^Unioii Pacific .;«» | orth- Western Line. > I AllY- AGENTS SELL TICKETS VIA THIS JINK. W. Aldrldge. Genl Eastern AfenU C. &N. W. Ry., 4«1 Broadway. N. V r J COLLEGE IDOLS FLAYED. Athletes Now the Honor Men, Says Dr. S. Weir Mitchell. Dr S Weir Mitchell, the principal speaker last night at the dinner of the University of Pennsylva nia Club of this city, at the Hotel Manhattan, com mented sarcastically on the prominent place now filled by athletics In collegiate life. He lamented that, while in his day the heroes of tne college world were the honor men, the armor-clad football player was now the idol of the undergraduate. In part he said: Tn those days of higher education a few score of our fellow students would perch on the £ltt l°e watch us play cricket-that noble game. Little did we think then that virtue, chastity, temper; nn-e and courtesy would one day "follow the ball We dW not in those days dream of the lessons In luxury-trainers, rubbers, special trains nnd bet tmeamoniy students-that come with gate money. E*?rythln# that Is improper Is being done to se cure football to the college world. Look at the r^ult-Vale and Harvard *re at odds, Princeton Snd the University of Pennsylvania are fighting each other, all caused by the present craz* for at We old fellows get a little impatient about the all absorbing Interest the college man has in bodlly contests andi his general Indifference to the tri umphs of the mental athlete. It was not so when T led my rlass-one end of it. Our heroes were our honor men. I fear that athletics, the papers and the vivid eager ourside life too much disturb what should be the thought tilled, quiet, half monastic 'aTo' college existence I have- really seen men enthusiastic about Socrates. Wnat college men talk of in their rooms is a f=»tr test of true <-v leglate conditions. Is it of the great of the past? Is It of the cinder path or how Jon^ punted? When In America things get to be excesstre past endur- Vnce wo set about doing something radical. It is so now with the degeneracy of the athletic con tests. Severs Mailet-Prevost. a member of the Venezue lan Commission appointed by President Cleveland. was toastmaster. Charles Custis Harrison an- Rw«-red to the toast. "Our I'nlve-sity"; J. H. Pennl '* l J.° 'V,i etles": John Bach McMastera, the jtor- SSment historian, to "Franklin." and William Gwnsennetai to "The New-Tork Club" Prevost Harrlman of the university, announced an anony niouF gift of $10,000. JACK LONDON TO LECTURE HERE. Jack London will give nls nrst l«-cturt- in this city at the Grand Central Palace Friday night. His subject will be "The Coming Crisis." It will h . E iven under the auspices 'f the Interc->U«Siate Socialist* Society, and J G. Phelps Stokes will pre side. . BALLANTINE BLACKMAIL INDICTMENTS. Richmond, Va.. January 16. — grand Jury at Charlottesviile found Indictments to-day against F. C. Duncan, John S. Hawkins Md Henry C. Michie, the alleged blackmailers of Robert L> Ballantlnp. who committed suicide _ '. weeks ;. ai t!i« home ot bit mother, in T\vo more checks for $4,000 each signed by Ballantlne and payable to Duncan have beaa XounO. Tlw o*4«« will be tried w-wojrrow. A Competitive Examination Of PIANOS JOHN WANAMAKER Formerly A. T. Stewart <fr Co., Broadway, Fourth avenue, Ninth and Tenth streets. D. B. Bedell &> Co. nnn PRICES LOW for FINEBT WARE. CRYSTAL cut glass Vases, inarming effects In rare shapes and patterns, from *•/ 5 tfany designs from Antiques md older forms in Juga, jitchers and carafes, _ „ - rrom -*»• / :ut Crystal Punch Bowl md a dozen Crystal Glasses, r ounded 60 years ago In Jane Street sow adjoining the Waldorf-Astoria At 22 West 34 St. BOHN'S- LAXATIVES, Dmnlit.' or wh.Jl-.al. by CRITI CNTGN. THEATRES CAN BAB UNIFORMS. A decision was given yesterday by Magistrate Steinert. In the West Side Court, that theatrical managers have the right to exclude from thea tres men wearing uniforms of railway compa nl Tne decision was given when Frank Duffy was arraigned. chare;e.l by the management of the Colonial Theatre with disorderly conduct. Duffy was fined He purchased a ticket last Mon day night, but when the management refused tr» admit him because he was wearing a cor.duc tors uniform, it is allied that he became noisy. and was therefore arrested. Magistrate StalMrt beid that the decision was based on a recent holding ol the Court cf Ap peals that the manager of a theatre has liberal discretion in st-ltv-lng patrens. CITY TAX BILLS INTRODUCED. [By TWegras* t" Th* Trib-.rr.p. 1 \lbany. Jan. 16.— Assemblyman Tompkins Intro duced a group of tax bills applicable to Xew-York Clt* to-day whic:. -eprpsent Uje work of Mayor McClellan'a Ta\ OomnVssion. There are five of the bills all drawn with reference to the arrears o' tax.-*' which for several yean back have beeji mount tri Into age figure?. The most Important of h< proup gives •■'■•■■ Board of Kstlmate power to wipe" out uiip.ii'i personal taxes by a bond issue. Fur fifty yean a staple remedy of superior merit. Absolutely harmless. iJ