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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 22, 1906, Image 3

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:~-.u< WAR IN CHINA.
jfr Hull D:cells on Need of Pre-
XfiTcdvxss — Japan Not Suspected.
[Froni Th« Trltiun» Bureau 1
X C Z<r.c'.oru Feb. 21.— Quotlnar President
evelt to the effect that the l>est way to
IVK m war '* always to b® ■■■•f for it. Iter>re
tV°ts.tJve Hull, of lowa, chairman cf the MJli
*% A.-«- :r?: Committee. startled the House to
!f-ty suggesting th« possibility of troubles In
V^' In rpeiiinr the debate on the Army Ap-
JJI, bill Mr. Hull said:
. vu P r* and so does every other member of the
1 ". tas-t vv '' --- [ not have trouble in the near
..tVlfcßi wiU rail for our immediate int«rven
•J;"' wt there are conditions existing- to-dn.y in
"^'orier" that may make it necessary for us
c p^ff ■> o our prestiye and power and our
te Jt to 6how that we are ready, if necessary, to
■Jjp- them. It is common Knowledge with
*^"Vman here that to-day there an grave
'^jjjis cor.frontine us in our dealings with
ttrt T*** ol^ empire has not been for 'he
"'I „-r thousand years a military nation, but
r* 5 " *^i ideas. Western progress and Western
JlTgjce have been meddlinc with this old treat
s?7for so many years cast that they may
£?;j- iuake to a cense of th<£r gTeat power.
t iJia-t trarsition period thete is danger. While
It, twaker.ir.g is going on every government
!^i Zzs business relations with China must be
IS* to protect those interests at all hazards.
iT^se T^J down their flag, leave the Pacific
fVfsa an<3 destroy their trade. 1 can only ex
r^sJ the ho^e that when China does come to
tj jVakerir^r to modern ideas, modern thought
rj./»*c:o<ierr. progress, it may have the same ef
fe'-t ur-o^ l " er P*°P le as it had upon Japan. and
t rUce d bring a menace to the world it may
r*,"jse :j.- to join in the great advance of hu-
S«aTty cverj"where for the uplifting 1 of clviliza
tisr ei^ r ro:eclio:i of the rt C nts of man. I be
tfvf the power that controls the Pacific Ocean
Xt th* wit century will largely control the
commerce of the greater part of the world.
Relative to the situation in China, Mr. Hull
iccu?ed Minister Rorihill of having been inju-
Clcious In spying that the United States in
tenilwi to return £20.000.000. its share of the
Brier Indemnity. The Minister, he said, did
tot have a proper conception of the character
of the Chinese people when he offered them a
tribe ci £20.C*».<XX) to be good. They would
taice such an offer as an indication that this
country was &f raid of them. The Boxer indem
clty. Hr. Hull scJd. should b* used to build bat
tleships rather than returned to China. He
The cZztf* hfi-3 been made that the govern
cer.t of Japan Js stirring' up trouble. I desire
to say that I have made some investigation
ilor.g that lint, and I co not believe that there
is one ■word of truth In thai proposition. The
merchants of Japan and the merchants of sev
eral of the European cm'ermnents, when '.his
trouble first originated (the Chinese boycott
a^Linst Arr.erican poods'* were delighted to see
the American boycott extend, because they were
rivals in trade. As the fire spread It -was found
out that they would be bit equally with us, and
cow they themselves — the merchants — are op
posed to farther agitation eJong- that line. The
Japanese poverr.mer.t is led by farseelngr men
— men, In my judpmer.t, f'f r-- • ability, men of
froat pa'.rlotisn— and Japan is interested to
&zj !n p<->ace in the Orient, bo that it may
b* ab> to build up the Fplendid empire it
If fpur.dirg there, and the government of Jap
tr. v. .:\, : in my judgment, be one of the strong:
Jitters in preventing 1 trouble with the Western
rations in Cblr.a to-day.
Interrupted by Mr. Sullivan, of Massa
chusetts, who asked If the best method of se
curing universal r>eace was not throug-h uni
versal disarmament, Mr. Hull replied:
I believe, just as President Roosevelt has bo
often said, the£ the beet Tray on earth to avoid
war is always to be ready lor It- We have not
reached the point yet ■when mankind is so un
ptiftsh that it would give up ar.y rights it could
hold by force. What has preserved this peace
cf Europe Fir.cc the war o£ IS7O between France
tr.d Gennanjr7 The Zact That every nation has
ftood there, ready to make war too costly for
tr.y nation to engage In it If the time can
come vhea all the nations in the world can
disarm at ones, then the time Is ripe for uni
versal peace, but I co not believe that the ii>->n
and the lamb are polr.g to lie down together
while I regain on the earth.
Mr. Kuil touched on the provision ■which would
in the future make it impossible to promote
cScers to a higher grade for a day and then
retire them. This had come to be an abuse
■rttfeb ought to end. he .id.
li»-ffrrlr.gr to the provision abolishing the office
ef lieuter.ar.t general when it shall become va
cant, Mr. Hull said when the law creating the
General Staff was created it was assumed and &o
■tiled that the lieutenant general would be the
chief of staff. Up to this time that had been the
«as*. "But." Mr. Hull said, "the indications DOW
tre — ar.d no one desires to curtail the powers of
the President in this regard— that for the next
two (rears at least the lieutenant general of the
*rmy will have no pocver which couid not be
txerclsed by & major or brigadier general. In
stead of being chief of. staff he will : ■ assigned
to the corr.ir.iLr.d of. a division and receive his
orders from a junior In grade and rank. I do
cot believe that this is good military organiza
tion." Mr. Hull said that since it had become
known that the comnrlttwe had taken action he
-fci received indorsements from many quarters.
"I do not think It Eiandering," he said, "to pay
that the war with Spain has made more lieu
tena.r.t pen^rals Uian all oth^r wars the republic
fcs* ?r:z<i£<*<i in. IT I had my way I would pro-
tbat every President, when he c-am« into
jfltoe. might designate a chief of staff who
fia&M have tht rank, and pay of lieutenant gf-n
♦*al but who ehooia not be allowed to re-tire
*";th that rank."
Pp^eches on tariff. Immigration and the Payne
Custom House bill cr>r.st:mfrd the balance of the
*fcT Mr. Hopkins, of Kentucky, spoke of many
tytttoCa of Inducing lmmlsration to flic United
ftat#"s, much of which he declared to be de
ddecly undesirable. Mr. Bheppard, of Texas,
"■rZ'-'i tariff reform, to avert retaliatory tariffs
brother nation*. Mr. Powers, of Maine, spoke
•CTinpt th* abolition of custom houses as a
cotter cf economy, and Mr. Macon, of Oeorgla,
tsnrered his arg-uroents.
Pan-American sanitary TREATY UP.
Vufafcogtoa. Feb. SL — Serator Morgan to-day
■»dt ■ report on tiie sanitary treaty between th*
Afis«r.ctn republics, and i: executive cession of
tfc« Bt:._ taid •-„- It was desirable to have the
t*««jr rs.tir.ed at an early date. The agreement
**tw«;r. these rei*iil)!lc« will have a bearing on
the of c. iistionaJ quarantine law, and for
>£*t retssn th« Committee on Public liealth axid
»»tl«jn&l g.iiranTjr.fc, of which Senator MorgaJi Is
ci^irzar., does r.ot tieE:r« to recommend tba [MUM
*f« or ir.*. ilailory bill on thkt subject until some
BQettttoa is ni&ce of tM treaty.
A College Man's Experience.
"All through my high school course and first
ye-? la college," writes an cmbliious young
Rtri, "I struggled v.lth my ttudies on a diet of
P***y, pasty tools, being especially fond of
stlc*-*- and fried things. My system got into a
s^l*- of general ditorder, ' and it was difficult
lor cat 10 aX'Ply myself lo bchool work with any
°«ffree of siiUataetion. I tried different medi
«Jtt a:ii food preparations, but did not seem
|jW« to correct the difficulty.
J rlbea my attention was called to Grape-Nuts
»&o2 i^ij t sat^pjed { L I j. a d to do something.
*J I i^ei buckled down to a rigid observance
*• tct tHrectlons orj the package, and in less
•w.*r, no tim^ bogaa to feel better. In a few
*fc«l^ ir.y strength wjis restored, my weipht
«fc<J increupftd, I had a clearer head and felt
"•tier in every particular. My work was sim-
Wy spcrt to what it was formerly.
"i!v sister's health wljs badly run down and
•a* hL<i become so nervous that ehe could not
'ti^nd to her mublc. She went on Grape-Nuts
**£ had the gamf- remaxkablfl experience that I
atfl. Th'-;i my brother. Prai;k. who is in the
jjGHoflJoi department at Washington city, and
been trying to do brain work on errasy
*oo<iß, cah.es and all that. Joined the Grape-Nuts
•^2" I Ehowed Mm what it was ■ad could
«°. ttd from a brofcea down condition he has
°^*tep«4 into a h<arty ana efficient man.
. Besides tii« «*■ I could give account of num
ihu* •! ?' f « 3ll0u - E :-rn« who have made vis
o»* InpmimiMjii, meaui'.ly and physically by
n« us* of this fjol." Name jrivrn by Poetum
.. Buttl* Crck, Ml<h.
Th^.^- H a r « u ««}n. «"•<! tho llttlo boo^, 'The
■■ to Wolivlii*." ii. pk^S-
The Tiilman Resolution Made More
"Washington. Fteb. 21.— At the suggestion o f
fit-nator Tillroan the House Committee on Inter
suite and Foreign Commerce made an amend
ment to-day in the resolution which It has
agreed to recommend for favorable action for
the investigation of the alleged railroad monop
oly of coal and oil. As the resolution was orig
inally framed it provided for an investigation
by the Interstate Commerce Commission as to
whether railroads own the coal and oil they
haul, but it was the purpose of the committee
to extend the investigation definitely to the al
leged railroad ownership of the mines and oil
properties. To make the resolution clearer an
amendment was accepted which speoificalry pro
vides for the investigation of the ownership of
coal and oil companies.
The following report has been prepared by
Representative Townsend, at the request of the
committee, to accompany the resolution:
This resolution amends Senate Resolution 82
by Including all kinds of coal and oil and the
investigation of the railroad Interest, ownership
and control In coal and other lands and proper
ties and by excluding all "other products." It
is reported by th« Committee on Interstate and
Foreign Commerce that charges from what seem
to be reliable sources have been made against
various railroad companies engaged In inter
state commerce to the effect that such compa
nies have an Interest, either directly or indi
rectly, in coal and oil which they carry, to the
disadvantage of competing owners; that they or
their officers have an interest or ownership, di
rectly or otherwise. In coal and oil properties
nerved by their roads, and through the dis
tribution of cars and the furnishing of facili
ties of transportation and shipment discriminate
against the so-called independent owners; that
by Intercorporate ownership of the stock of
other carriers of coal and oil. together with own
ership of such stock by certain of the officers
of said companies, control of such other carriers
Is obtained, and thus combinations in restraint
of trade and commerce aro formed which work
an Injustice to the Independent shippers of coal
and oil and great wrong to the consumers of
those products.
If upon investigation su. h charges :ue estab
lished by facts, the Congress should be informed
thereof, to the end that it may understand if
such companies are violating federal law a.nd
whether any additional legislation is necessary.
Kejresentatlve McNary. of Massachusetts, in
troduced a resolution to-day Instructing the
President to have the Interstate Commerce Com
mission Investigate the alleged control and own
ership of anthracite coai and mines by railroad
combinations. The resolution specifically re
quires that a report be made as to whether the
anthracite carrying roaxls. In combination, fix
the price of anthracite in April each year, "tak
ing etove coal size as a basis, $4.50 a ton f. o. b.
NVw-York. taking one-third of such price as
the carrying charge for such coal, and whether
they advance the price 10 cents a month, up to
and including September 1, taking one-third of
such advance of 10 cents a month as their share
for carrying such coal."
The resolution also suggests that the charge
of one-third of the price of anthracite is execs-
Bive for the two hundred mile haul to New-York,
as the Pennsylvania Railroad hauls coal to Phil
adelphia, two hundred and Blxty miles, for an
K« of $1 2») a ton. and the Chesapeake and
Ohio and Norfolk and Western roads haul bltu
minuous Virginia coal three hundred and ninety
miles for Jl 35 a ton. An investigation of these
rates is asked, also of the alleged shortage of
cars In the bituminous fields from August and
through the winter.
Representative Each, of "Wisconsin, introduced
a bill to-day to prevent common carriers and
officers of common carriers from having any in
terest In companies engaged in mining, manu
facturing or trading in any commodity trans
ported by such carriers. Fines of from $1,000
to f 5.000 and Imprisonment for from thirty days
to one year are provided as penalties for viola
tion of the proposed law.
Independent Oil Refiners Send Me
morial to Washington.
THusvllle, Perm., Feb. 20.— The Independent Oil
Reflnere' Association has sent a letter to the Presi
dent end Congress complaining of delay In de
ciding cases against -a number of railroad com
panies for discrimination, come of which were be
gun seventeen years ago. A chronological state
ment Is appended:
September 13. lfcfeS lncrease of freight rate on refined
petroleum by railroad*.
December 4. 16S8 — Complaint* Nob. 153 and 164 filed be
fore the Interstate Commerce commission.
January 30. ;868 Complaint No. 163 filed before the
Interstate Commerce Commission.
May 15. — Hearu.* by the Interstate Commerce Com
November 14. — Decision by commission against rail
roads for unjust discrimination. ,
October 19. 18&3 — Renearti-r granted by commlißon.
October £2. 1&&5 — Decision by Interstate Commerce Com
mlwf-r awarding reparation to refiners.
May. lb»<J — Proceeding Instituted by the Interstate Com
merce Commission before the United States Circuit
Court to enforce Its order.
July. 1867 — Decision of the United States Circuit Court
declining Jurisdiction of reparation claims on Its
equity side
Februi»ry, — Question of unjust discrimination still
pending at present time.
May. IW)3J— Decision on the law side of United States
Circuit Court on damage claims. In favor of refiners.
February. IWJQ Judgments rendered by United States
May. lftflft— Judgments ft aside by the United States
Circuit Court of Apj*als.
February, 1906— 0n appeal to the United States Supreme
February. 160* — over seventeen years the increased
rat» still In effect, the railroads continuing to refuse
to obey the Interstate Commerce Commission.
From 1881 to 18S5. according to the letter, the rate
on refined oil from the Pennsylvania oil region to
New-York was from 85 to 25 cents a barrel. From
1&85 to I&SS it was 52 cents, and in September. ISSS.
was advanced to 66 cents a barreL The only reason
given by trie railroad.-- for this advance is stated in
a letter written by the resident of the Pennsyl
vania Railroad Company to the shippers, dated
August 27, 1888: "The advance of rates has been
in accordance with the methods prescribed by the
Interstate Commerce Commission for charging for
the carriage of oil, . . . and against which we pro
tested. I regret extremely that any advance in
the rates for the transportation of oil which has
been forced upon us by the Interstate Commerce
Commission should work harshly upon your Inter
ests." .'.. November, la)*, the Interstate Commerce
Commission issued a statement denying that it
had ordered the railroads to increase the rates, and
concluding by saying "that the assumption on
which the railroad circulars (making the increased
rates) have been issued is not well founded. The
commission has made no ■ talon applicable to the
Pennsylvania Railroad Company which would re
quire an advance in rates. . . . The circular is open
to the construction that fcomething done or said by
the commission requires or justifies an advance iv
barrel rates. This i« not the case.'
Alter the notice ihe former rate* were restored by
the New-Vorii Ceiural Kailruad for a few days, bat
toon udv;i_nctd. The Pennsylvania Railroad did not
restore the rates i-t all, its president saying that the
views of the commission were not shared in by the
Tftoßfi rules, the letter avers, ure still in force.
The numiriaj ownership of several of the respondent
raiiroaclb has changed hands, and on these grounds
they hope to escape release from liability. Conclud-
Ing, the letler of the oil men says:
The lnterst-ate Commerce Commission ha* thu.s
U*-c'i powerless to relieve this shameful siiuaiion
th<-n^>c-U»-s <.r through ihe assistance ni i lie United
Statis courte. What equity is there in a "judicial
review" atlayed until the injured parties die or
their bUSiiM is destroyed long before relief corner,
If evtr'' Ttiere i* nothing complicated in these
lifcM the foregoing in not a prejudiced, private
View but is a plain stat<-m«T.t of untanifl^d faois,
eitilly verined Troni the public record*. These smi>
oerß have been jammed In .1 dissiltroUj precis I«^r
mure than seventeen yearn between the ranroads
and the Interstate Commerefl «. ommiMlon. ainl iha
mo»t radical railroad advocate of non-intorferenc*
with railroad rat« making r-ouid not insist that the
Uw *a It «■■■• stands has given trie- survivors any
thing like "a fair dance" or a •'square deal.
The Standard Oil Inquiry, before ommtoaicncT
Frederick H. Banborn, was resumed again Wednas^
day night at tlie OAOM of the I^aw Reporting
Association, No. C 7 Wail-fct. The deposition of A.
il. Kohn w*uj r«nimed< when be aaked himself and
aiifi»*r«J the foilovvir.g question*:
"Hrs Mr. Taylor, concerning whom 7« l**"^~
yesterday, an office tn the Standard Oil Uulldlnff,
No. "b HroaiiwayT"
-I>o»"« hTs name appear on the door of the officer'
..- on l&m <!• ■"■ "t v*"
Mr Ko'hn moved that, to-day being a l^pal holl
•Uy. XUf liearlns '•* adjourned until 10-morrow. Ihe
Only Four Votes Cast Against It in
the Senate.
"Washington, Feb. 2L— After fifteen years of
more or less serious consideration of the sub
ject, the Senate to-day passed a Pure Food bill
by the decisive vote of (»3 to 4. The vote was
taken after a day devoted almost exclusively to
debate of a desultory character on the measure.
Several efforts were made to amend the bill, and
the committee accepted a number of sugges
tions, but only those thus accepted were incor
porated in the bill as pasted.
The bill makes it a misdemeanor to manu
facture or sell adulterated or mlsbranded foods,
drugs, medicines or liquors in the District of Co
lumbia, the Territories and the insular posses
sions of the United States, and prohibits the
shipment of such goods from one State to an
other or to a foreign country. It also prohibits
the receipt of such goods. Punishment by fine
of $SIX) or by Imprisonment for one year, or
both, is prescribed. In the case of corporations,
officials in charga are made reaponsible. The
Treasury Department and the departments of
Agriculture and Commerce and Labor are re-
Quired to agree on regulations for the collection
and examination of the articles covered by the
bili, but no specifics provision is made for inves
tigation except by the Department of Agricult
ure. The investigations by that department are
placed in the hands of the chief of the bureau
of chemistry, ami if he finds that the law has
been violated, the Secretary of Agriculture is
required to report the facts to the United States
District Attorney, who in turn is required to in
stitute proceedings in the f .-dtral courts. The
bill also defines foods, drugs, medicines and
liquors and the standards for them. There is
an exemption for dealers who furnish guarantees
against adulteration and misbranding.
The important amendments adopted were the
following: Providing that no othVial notice of
a finding against any article shall be given
until after the- announcement of the final judg
ment of the court before which the case is heard;
providing that "when in the preparation of food
products for shipment they are preserved by an
external application applied in surh manner that
the preservative is necessarily removed meehan
i< ally or by maceration in water or otherwise,
the provisions of the act shall be construed as
applying only when said products are ready for
consumption"; requiring that mixtures or blends
containing alcohol or opium shall be branded or
labelled so as to show that fact, and changing
the provision regarding the misbranding of
liquors so as to make it read: "It shall be
deemrd misbranding if it is blended or recti
fied or consists of an admixture of different
grades of the same liquor or contains or is
mixed with the substances, and the word 'blend
ed,' •rectified' or "mixed," as the case may be, is
not plainly stated on the package," etc.
There were only two rollcalis on amendments,
and in both instances the committee was sus
tained. The first of these was on an amendment
offered by Mr. Foraker eliminating the word
"added" from the following provision: "In the
rase of liquors an article shall be deemed adul
terated if it contain an added ingredient of a
poisonous or deleterious character."
Th* amendment was lost. I' 4 to 4*5. The other
rollcall was on a change suggested by Mr. Fora
ker In the labelling of rectified liquors, which
was lost by the cios^ vote of 33 to 35. The
amendment on that point which was afterward
accepted was on similar lines.
Mr. Moneys substitute bill and an amendment
by Mr. Spooner authorizing the Secretary of Ag
riculture to fix standards of food, drugs and
liquors were both voted down without calling
the roll.
On thf> final rollcall Messrs. Bacon, Bailey,
Foster and Till man, ail Democrats, cast the only
votes in the negative.
Lively Session of the Congress on
Uniform Laivs.
"Washington, Feb. 21. — The congress on uni
form divorce laws to-day discussed the report
of the committee on resolutions, submitted yes
terday, embracing 1 various recommendations re
garding marriage and divorce. It was decided
by a considerable majority of the delegates that
not leis than two years' residence should be re
quired on the part of a plaintiff who has changed
his or her State domicile since the cause of di
vorce arose, where Jurisdiction depends on the
residence of the plaintiff. This feature of the re
port was not adopted until after much debate.
A warm discussion was precipitated over the
following section of the report:
An Innocent and Injured party, husband or
wife, seeking a divorce should not be compelled
to ask for a dissolution of the bonds of matri
mony, but ehuuld be allowed at his or her op
tion to apply for divorce from bed and board.
Therefore divorces a mensa should be retained
where already existing und provided for in States
where no such riyhts exist.
The proposition was vigorously opposed by Dr.
Henry C. Wi:i;on, of Trenton, X. J., who main
tained that separation should not be granted, as
it might tend to bring about a wrongful mode
of life. His argument was combated by Chair
man Smith of the committee, who asserted his
belief that Dr. Winton placed human nature on
too low a plane.
Mr. Smith declared that the authority of the
committee and the Roman Catholic Church
should be respected In passing judgment on this
question, to which the Rev. Caroline B. Crane,
</f Kalamazoo, Mich., took exception, she re
marking that "the Church has a right to dis
cipline its own members, but should not force
its views on this congress." A general debate
A number of women left the room when Miss
Fanny Leake Cuminings. of the State of Wash
ington, declared that the resolution would put
a premium on vice, and produced statistics in
support of her arKum»i.t. The resolution was
finally adopted with an amendment lowing
the innocent party to apply for divorce "at any
The congress unanimously adopted th«» reso
lution providing for the classification of causes
for divorce into certain groups that would be
approved by common consent of all communi
ties represented in the congress, or substan
tially so.
Causes for divorce both ante-nuptial and
post-nuptial, were discussed after an attempt
had been made to strike out the entire list on
the ground thai such a list might do injustice
to some States.
The congress expressed Itself In favor of hav
ing all hearings and trials In divorce cases In
open court. It was declared that public hear
ing would have a tendency to do away with
coilusion between parties to a suit for divorce
and that publicity would decrease applications
by people who would shun publicity.
The resolution specifying the causes for di
vorce was finally adopted, though ii a consid
erably modified form.
Expresses His Interest •in Uniform State
Washington, Feb. 21.— The President to-day talked
about uniform Stnte insurance laws with a (iel'-ga
!:..ri representing the commission inquiring into
thai work. Th« President expressed his Inter— In
the work. Th*' delegation consisted of A. M. Eaton,
of Rhode Isliind; C. K. Libby. of Maine; R F.
Williams, of Florida; John C. Richberg, of Chicago;
.John X Webater, of Nebraska; C Laru* Mnncon,
of Pennsylvania; anU Taleott 11. Russell. of New-
Washington. Feb. JL— The Senate Committee on
Public Lands to-day authorize a favorable report
on a bill creating Mesa Verde National Park, in
Colorado, to preserve the ruins and relics of the
prehistoric cliff dwellers.
Washington, Fob. 2L^Senator Smoot r*coiv«<l an
otli-r Indorsement in the Senate to-day. It came
from Mr. Warren, who presentPtl a voluminous pe
tition from women in Wyoming, praying for the
expulsion ..f Mr. Bmool from the Senate. lie said
\if bad been requested to accompany the pr«Mnta>
iloii at the petition with soma remarks of his own.
ami added:
The subject of the petition is* before the proper
committee, and I hepfl to be guiiK-d by Hit* n-port
of th»- committee wnen made If i should exprena
my opinion I'etore th«- rcpoi is made I nhoutd bfl
iru'lin^l to Indoms what w-is saM on the subject •>
f*-w d:ivs Loi i- by tut Senutur from CaUforn <Mr.
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\[j music loving homes. And you can learn how easy It is to have one for your own home.
President Finds That No Unjustifi
able Force Was Used.
Washington, Feb. 21.— Dr. Minor Morris, whose
■wife some weeks ago was ejected from the White
House, where she had gone to present alleged griev
ances to the President, gave out to-day for publica
tion the correspondence which recently passed be
tween himself and the President regarding th»
case. The letters follow:
To the President of the United States.
Sir: Having waited patiently a number of weeks
that you might have ample time to ascertain all
the circumstances connected with the insult re
cently offered my wife at the White House, and
that you might moke some expression of depreca
tion, which would naturally be- expected, it is now
Incumbent upon me, as husband and citizen, to de
mand a public apology for tills outrage on justice
and common decency.
It Is unthinkable that, such brutality would be
tolerated anywhere In this country, but. above all.
In the White House.
That my wife has been confined to her bed six
weeks from the shock and Injuries of this damna
ble treatment Is bad enough, but I can say to you
In all calmness that had the original orders from
the White House been carried out as to her longer
Incarceration her life would have been sacrificed.
It 1b therefore Incumbent upon me to repeat my
urgent request that you take actloa at once suita
ble to the circumstances which have shocked the
entire nation.. Respectfully,
Feb. 16. 1906. MINOR MORRIS.
The "White House,
Washington. Feb. 19. 19W.
Sir- In reply to your letter of the 16th lnst., the
President directs me to state to you that he had
the superintendent of police of the District of
Columbia. Major Sylvester, make a careful Investi
gation of the circumstances cone^ted with the ar
rest of Mrs. Morris for disorderly conduct at the
Executive Office, and the, superintendent submitted
to the President all the affidavits of the persons
whom he had examined. The President carefully
went over Major Sylvester's report and the affi
davits, and also personally saw Major Sylvester
and some of the persons making the affidavits. He
came to the conclusion that the arrest was justi
fied, and that the force used In making The arrest
was caused by the resistance offered by Mrs. Mor
ris to the officers la the discharge of their duty,
and was no greater than was necessary to make
the arrest effective.
Vniifr these clrcumstanoes the President does not
consider that the officers ar« properly subject to
blasts. He was also satisfied that the kindest thin*
that could be done to Mrs. Morrla aril her kins
folk was to refrain from giving any additional pub
licity to the circumstances surrounding the case.
Yours truly, WM. LOkB, Jr.,
Secretary to the President.
Dr. Minor Morris. "Washington, r>. C.
Bis: Dock in Bad Weather — Parts of
Engine Seeded.
Washington, Fob. ZL — Official news regarding
the drydock Dewey reached the Navy Depart
mer.t to-day in the following cable message from
Commander Hosley, commanding the Glacier:
U. S. S. Glacier, at sea, per U. S. S. Potomac,
Las Palmas, Canari-s.
Bureau Navigation. Washington: Latitude 29
degrees. 50 minutes, north; longitude, 112 de
grees. 40 minutes, west, on February 17. Will
coal at Grand Canary. Canary Islands. En
countered very bad weather latter part of voy
age. Dock adrift twice. Have been proceeding
cautiously. The Brutus towing machine dam
aged. There is great necessity for extra part of
The date given in Commander Hosley's dis
patch places the dock between four hundred and
fifty and five hundred miles west of the Canaries.
If he intends to bring the dock Into the road
stead at Grand Canary he should reach that port
in the course of two or three days, provided good
weather prevails. Owing to the great difficulty
of handling the massive anchors attached to the
dock the officials here are inclined to believe
that he will tow slowly past Las Palmas. de
taching one ship after another at that point to
be coaled.
The spare engine parts referred to as being
badly needed were, fortunately, described to the
Navy Department by Commander Hosley in al
most the last wireless dispatch he was able to
send. These parts have been sent to Naples by
merchant steamer, and the Tacoma has just
picked them up and is about to proceed west
ward to meet the towing Beet. It is presumed
that the repairs to the engines can be made with
out serious delay. Las Palmas is about nine
hundred miles from Gibraltar, and if the Ta
coma starts immediately from Naples she should
meet the expedition early next week. In case of.
need she will also be able to render some assist
ance in towing.
Postal Fraud Case Adjourned Until Mon
Washington. Feb. 21.— A Jury has bean drawn and
all is now in readiness for the trial. In Criminal
Court No 1. of Q#orje K. Green, of Binphamton,
N. V.. a former State Senator, on charges of con
spiracy in connection with the purchase of post
office supplies. The Jury was completed soon after
court opened to-day, and after it was sworn an
adjournment was taken until Monday. In view of
the fact that to-morrow la a holiday and Friday is
motion ,lav In the court where the trial Is being
conducted. One of the Jurors in a necro. It is
already indicated in the preliminary stag* of the
trial that it is to be cloiely contested.
Washington, Feb. 21.— The Indian Appropriation
bill, which has been completed by the House Com
mittee on Indian Affairs, carries ■ total of J7.753.C28.
which is J358.754 less than the current appropriation
and MT,.<»'i less than the estimates submitted. The
bill has been entirely remodelled in form. The
change consists in a uniform classification of items,
first the expenditures coming directly under the
President, next the Secretary of the Interior, the.
Commissioner, and then, beginning with Arizona,
each State and Territory is taken up. and all ap
propriations for Indians within its boundaries fol
low. Tnder the old -ten: the item* were- put in
the bill without reference to order, The bill makes
BO chanse in the policy for the administration of
Indian affairs. Indian schools and other institu
tions are appropriated for practically as formerly.
The appropriations for irrigation op. reservations
are 'somewhat more liberal than formerly.
Washington. Feb. 21.— The Hous* Committed on
Hanking unit Currency to-day decided to report fa
vorably on the Shorten MB. enabling national
Upnka t.» lend to one borrower 10 per cent of their
iiurpliu .v-, well a* 10 per cent of their p»*" «*«» cap
233-245 East Twenty-third Street.
16 West One Hundred Twenty-fifth Street.
S. Altaian & (La.
(Men's Department*, Left of SixtH Avenue Entrance)
(Department on Third Floor.
S. Altaian & (In.
(Rear of Rotunda* First Floor.)
nineteenth Street and Sixth Jftcnue, new York
Plan for One at P. R. R. Terminal
May Be Abandoned.
[From Th« Trlbun* Burwu. 1
Washington, Feb. 21.— Postmaster General
Cortelyou havins withheld his approval of the
proposed doed to acquire an uptown postofilce
near the terminal of the Pennsylvania Railroad
in NeTv-York for the reasons given In his annual
report, the Postofflce Department has nearly
finished the preparation of a plan which. If car
ried ':ut. may mean the abandonment of the
Pennsylvania site.
The plan is designed to meet the future needs
of New-York's postal service with a view to
locating the main postofflce bo that sub-stations
may be connected by a complete and convenient
pneumatic tube service. Until It Is known
whether Congress will authorize the extension
of this pneumatic tube service the plan cannot
be perfected. No Intimation Is" given at the
department of the location of the proposed site
If the department should decide that the one
recommended by the commission of Congress
at the Pennsylvania terminal Is not desirable.
A site further east has been suggested. Legal
officers of the department maintain that the
recommendation of the commission appointed by
Congress to investigate the subject was "per
missive" and not "mandatory." so that the
Postmaster General in his discretion may refuse
to approve the acquisition of the Pennsylvania
property. Mr. Cortelyou has not admitted that
he seriously objects to the Pennsylvania site, but
in his annual report he said the question needed
investigation, and In his opinion certain modifi
cations cf the original plan were necessary.
Postmaster Wlllcox Is said to be not altogether
In favor of the railroad site. The amount ap
propriated for the purchase of the Pennsylvania
property is $1,700,000. Mr Wlllcox was In
Washington to-<Wy conferring about the needs
of th© New-York office, but paid he did not talk
about th* Pennsylvania site. He returned to
New-York at midnight.
Defining Limitations on American Inter
Washington, Feb. 21.— Th* Senate Committee on
Foreign Relations continufd it* discussion of th*
many proposal ani«ndments to th« Domlnsan
•iuu to-6ur. but reached no acT**m«nt on any
possible to no other piano. They have longer strings. They
have la-- - soandlns: boards. Their actions respond with
more delicacy of tomb and they repeat more clearly. They
need less tuning. They last longer.
KRAXICH & B >< H piano* for warty half a century hnv
hern of One Quality Only. They do not compete icith pianos
that pretend to give full high-grade piano value for one-half
high-grade piano price.
KRANICH & BACH make it easy, convenient and
pecuniarily little felt for you to enrich your home
life and add to its culture and enjoyment by in
stalling a Kranich & Bach piano.
of them. The most Important Is ess draped fry
Senator Spooner defining th» limit*:: on »
which the United States might protect American
citizens employed In collecting r«v«nuaa, aa<l, in
cidentally, the protection of the ouatoms hon»«»
against either Internal or foreign attack. This
amendment Is a modification of on« on »a« »»m<*
subject which was suggested by Secretary Root.
The committee adjourned to meet next V,*2dse»
day, when It Is hoped to dispose of tne asiaad
ments which atacd In th» way of a vote on &•
Commissioners Begin Examination
of Mrs. Victor 3/. Osborn.
An Investigation was begun at Whit* Plaint yes
terday before three commissioners appointed by
Supreme Court Justice Keogh and a sherl:Ts Jury
to decide on the sanity of Mrs. Penelop* Piual
Osb^n. whose husband. Victor IX. Osbom. a New-
York banker. is seeking- to have her release* trom
Dr. Carpenter's sanatorium at Xamaronack. Mrs.
Osborn was committed to the sanatorium five year*
ago on the petition of her husband, and a sherlfTs
Jury at that time declared her Incompetent to
take charge of her estate. Now her husband says
she Is perfectly sane and should have her freedom
and the possession of her property.
Two witnesses were examined yesterday and th«
hearing was adjourned until Friday. Mrs. Osborn
was the first. She was examined as to her mem
ory and seemed to answer questions Intelligently.
Dr. Edward C. Spttzka. who was called In behalf
of the heirs who are opposing- Mrs. Osborn's re
lease, swore that she was hopelessly Insane. He
•aid he had made an examination of her for fifteen
minutes and decided that she had paranoia, or de
lusional Insanity.
"I asked Mrs. Osborn." Dr. 9pltaka said In testi
fying, "how she came to be sent to the institution,
and she said she went there to save her life and
the life of her husband, both lives being threat
ened by the machinations of a secret society. At
one time she said it was the Masonio fraternity; at
another time she was a member of the aaotaat
Bourbon family of France. She* also told me eh*
heard voices." . ... , "- :

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