Newspaper Page Text
acadott or irrwe— •— Do Barrr.
feu- ■--*-• Girl of urn amft— We*t
—>•:'<.:— Th* Murte Matter.
■BO4J>WAY— *:I6— VanderMlt Cop.
OAJIKSOTE HA.LX. « B— Concert.
CASINO— »•:»— The Sari and Ui«> Girl.
COLONIAL. — — — Vaudeville.
CRITERION— ** :2ft— AMee-Sit-by-th.e-Fire: aJuo Pantaloon.
DaL,T*6 — »>:2'> — Th+ Fanelnatlnr Mr. V«tuJ«rv#Wt.
EDEN* MVPBK— Th» World la Wax. .
KKPlRE>— r*t*r Pan.
FIELDS 1 ? THEATRE- « .H— JuIW Boßboa.
G ARRI C X— * GaUoj* .
C.AKIUCK— arv— oaiioMK —
HAMMERSTniN'S VICTOR! A— 3— :I»— Vaud«rtl».
HARLEM OPERA HOUSE— 6 14— Wonderland.
HICRALJ) Pgl'AßE — *S:LB — G«>rr» Washington. Jr.
HIPPOI<P.OMC— 2~ *- A MoHetv Clrcot.
• IHl>SON— «■.:&— The Z>O«I.
IRVrNn PLACE— »«:2»— KniM-PTTltx.
JOE WEBnß'f! — (i-.lO— Tirlddlr-Twaddle.
ICNirKERCOCKER— *:I&— Mile. Modiste.
ÜBTOTT- %:I&— Th» rianwnan Th« Uon and th«
tTCErM— »— T\ette Gui:bert— S:l&— Tb» Lion »nd «•
MADISON SQfAP.E GARDEN— IO a m. to 11 r m.—
J«Al»ls<tN sgi'ARE THEATKE— «:I&— The Title Mart.
;. AjrVTli*— « :J!i — AbvMUnia.
MANHATTAN— «:»•— Tbe Trimrie. _
METROPOUTAN OPERA HOI'SE— «— Haenael un<s ot»
tel. followed hy II narbl«re dj Wvigim.
NTW AVSTERDAM — )«:« — Forty-five Minute, from
JJEW-YORK— *:lS— **• Ror*" l Brolhera In Ireland.
f • VOY— »>.li — Mr Hopklnson. .
FT NICHOLAS 5 RlNK— Three •■l-mi dally — Ire Skatlnr
V Al.l.At'K'S— k .rf»— The Squaw Man.
WKHT END — *:ll— Behind the Mask.
I fjr to Ad: trtixcmevtx.
VufT Col. : Per* Col.
immwiifnu . 8 &-C Furnished Hoom* to
An Sal« S 5-« L-ri -• * 4
BanVf-n- is Hroke.r»..l3 1 Furnished Houir* to
BoKrd and Rooms... * 4. L*t. Country M ■
Board and Rooms H<-ii Wanted ■ •■
W arted I 4 Hotrt* and Retail
Brt.uk ivn Advertise- • rants JJ »
mratf 2 « ; Irstruction 1 J '•
Erooklj-n Property for I «darrt«ires i Deaths . . •►-«
fi^l, 14 S Or*s.n . ■..»•- 14 »-.
Carpet Cleanlnir »• 4 Proposal* • ■ 4
Citation* IS 1 Public Notice* IS 5-«
City Hotels IS 5 Pul-lif Notleft " - 4
Cltv Proj*rtr for Ru!lr.«d» 14 .-B
gsle 14 :: nt-e.l I>tate .'...14 3
Ctmntry Proi*rty for P.<-h: E«iatf Wanted. .14 J
Stjr 14 S Ho-taurant* 13 "
Country Pror-erty for nr-Maurantu * 5
Ba!«'i.rri. :.«r 14 2 Srtwol Apenclre IS «
:: l ar.r:r.r Acadtfmleu. . IS Rpceia] Nntioes < «
I>e»kf and (JSlct Fur- Ptramhool» 14 8
niture » 4Ptira#re Notice* H 4
T>tv|drnd NntJoes. . . .18 1 t» > jrr<iFate> Notice*. ..IS 6
Xsoniottlr Situation* :To I>et for BumnMi
Wanted ■« r- 1 I^rrKwe* 14 ■ 8
Til— illlt 111 l ........ 4 Trlliune Pubtcrtrtlon
I>ryrao<U » «-" R«te» J '■
EniiilojTncnt Afron- Trust - :*ni«» . IS —
aS ' . . • 4 TIIKWUIUm *• 4
J^xcurflor.» 18 4 l'rfurr.!»r>ed -. ;*rt-
JTlnanclal 13 3 menu to Let 14 3
rtnaEciaJ M«etinp»..lS 3 Winter Resorts IS 4
Tor Sal* * 4W»rk Wnr.ted 6 5
yurr.ishea Apart- Work Warte.d 14 l-«
MBit toVt.. 14 S
run) ay. February b
CONGRESS.— Senate: A railroad rate bill con
taining a court review feature was introduced
toy Mr. Kncx; several bills were passed, includ
ing one for punishment of hazing at the Naval
Academy. = House : The day was spent In
fit- bate on the Army Appropriation bill.
FOREIGN.— The deadlock at the Moroccan
conference at Algeciriis remained unbroken, al-
Tbough the belief prevailed that the differences
of tha delegates could be seitld and an amica
ble result be reached before the deliberations
ended. ■ The London branch of the Navy
league of the United States gave a dinner, at
■which Ambassador Reid presided and spoke of
the naval policy of the first President, who orig-
Sntted the "big etick" idea, which President
Roosevelt TTE.S carrying out. . The German
Reichstag passed the Onft and second readings
ef the government's proposal to extend recipro
cal tariff rates to the Untied States until June
SO 1907. ===== The religious fanatics in North
ern Nigeria. Africa, have killed flve French offi
cer* and captured two others, in addition to the
three British officers previously reported slain.
. The officers of th* American cruller squad
ron at Na;>l«-s. with a deta.chme.nt of fifty sailors.
received at Rome by the Pop*-, who made
an address to them, to which the men responded
with duets. ■ The Duke of Devonshire
FUi'.ed in the House of Lords that he and his
menOi would oppose the fiscal policy supported
by ex-Premier Balfour and Joseph Chamber
lain == The statement was made in the
House of Commons in behalf of the Foreign
« Ifflce that the transfer of Port Arthur did not
affect the Flatus of Wei-Hal-Wei, which is leased
Iw China to Great Britain. =£= Mr and -lrs.
Isaaewarib arrived at Havana and were wel
comed by a committee of th- Cuban Congress
and President Palma's military aid: they plan to
remain at the Cuban capital a week.
DOMESTIC— Tbe report of the Armstrong in-
r ,,^. •v«.'riv«-stipaiine cummlttee was submitted
to the i.'rulmure in Albany. == Secretary;
T*ft spoke on -The Army and tbe Republic
la t^e Chicago Auditorium. ===== Archbishop
Ireland la Kuv.sas City prodded the "forelgnized
Americans'' in Europe ar.d the importation of
.foreign fashions of Epeech and Sreas. ■■■ An
attempt u< advance the Elsberg Rapid Transit
bffl iii Qm Senate at Albany broosbt a sharp
tfiscusfioii between Senators White. Els tiers and
PL4;e. - It was reported in Denver that evi
dence of the alleged pl"'> again*! *x-Governor
Bteuneaberg had been dlacovered In a letter
pent to a miner. . The Minnesota Insurance
iK-partment upheld the New-Tor* Life surplus
claim, but condemnt-d other features. ■
Eighteen euits were brought against The estate
of John N. Ferris, late banker at Stamford, by
investors who declared he misled them. — —
Christopher C. Shayne. furrser. of N«»w-Tork
City, died at Atlanta. Ga.. fmm heart disease.
ClTY— James TV. Alexander. t-x-PreFident of
the Eguitabie Life, underwent another operation
at hIF home !n this city yesterday. :, Charle*
H. Turrit-r. formerly president of a St. Loui*
■treet railway, died in his apartments at the
"Waldorf, i— A Charity boat captain wajs
charged with insubordination for protesting
&CxUun an order that th<» Commissioner's secr-
ttry eijould oppn all mail, private or not. - .
A crmLir.!te t-xplosion wrecked a. derrick in a
sew public echool building: the police say ■■ was
the work of disgrur.tled employes of a contract
ing firm, = — There were three exciting run
aways in which several persons were hurt, a
torse killed and two vehicles wrecked. —
Chants L<tve* cade a balloon ascension near
Tsxedo. but the balioon went only ■ few miles
cwlag to the heavlnees of the gas. = Homer
1* Caatie made an address on political problems
at the Prohibition dinner. == Five Italians,
taeuciit to be members of a knockout drops
r&sg . ■were arrested.
TEE WEATHER.— lndications for to-day:
Stir. The 'errperature yesterday: Highest,
L decrees: lowest. 40.
TEE PURE FOOD BILL.
The rota cast la the Senate last Wednesday on
tie Ecbura Pure Food bill betrays the insin
cerity of the opposition which has long blocked ;
the passage of that measure. Fur fifteen year*,
legl&l&tica flenltns with the abuses of food adul
teration end fraudulent branding has been side
cracked ■Minn after session. All kinds of spe
daJ pleas bare been made on behalf of man
ufacturers who bare flooded the country with
food substitutes. It was argued that the adul
terated articles furnished were, as a rule, m
mrbmlman* as the non-adulterated products they
replaced, and that a groundless prejudice against
roods In common use would be excited if manu
facturers were compelled to disclose the for
mulas by which they were compounded. Where
Ignorance Is bliss 'tis folly to be wise was the
principle insisted on by representatives of these
Interests and their apologists In the Senate.
Why destroy the public's Illusions and ruin its
appetite by proclaiming the secrets of the pre
serving room or the packing house? The right
of the benevolent manufacturer to bunco his cus
tomers without the officious interference of a
government chemist has been so bravely ex
ploited for years that a much more formidable
■towing was to have been expected on the part
nt Senators who want to limit to a minimum the
federal government's power to regulate com
merce and business. Yet on the final rolloall
Wednesday only four votes were recorded
against the Heybuxs bill, and tbey came from
6enciors dlejxaed not so much to quarrel with
ths principle of isterfereacß as to hold that the
evils complained of should be dealt with by the
states and not through federal legislation.
The theory that federal regulation of the sale
of food products was unwise and unxkseseaarr
beoauM the enlightened self-interests of the
ttiaiiuUcturert could be depended upon In th«
end to protact th« public was abandoned when
the obetructars of pur* food legislation had to
put tb«nselT«a on record. It« absurdity was as
patent as it* Insincerity. The suggestion that
the passags of a pure food act would Injure
legitimate business wu nothing but a flls« pre
(Mitc*. sj^if fnniintenf — Trrisss bad &sx>
thin* to fear from a law forbidding poisonous
adulteration and compelling an honest labelling
of articles offered at food product*. The public
mar be willing to accept the Btatement that
many adulterations are beneficial But It has
'be right to determine for Itself whether It will
bur an adulterated or an unadulterated article.
It properly protests against being swindled Into
buying a substitute when It 1* willing to pay a
better price for an unsophisticated article It
especially protest* against being hoodwinked by
misleading labels, the unpunished use of which
puts a premium on fraud altogether too tempt
ing to the average manufacturer and retailer.
ruder conditions as they exist to-day the honest
manufacturer and dealer have no protection
acainst their dishonest rivals, and the wonder is
tlsat the makers of food product* have not
tbemwlves shown ■ greater eagerness to secure
a system of federal inspection and thus rid the
trade of imi>ostcirs and swindlers who bring It
into disrepute. The Heyburn bill might be
entitled a bill to promote common honesty in the
sale of foods, drugs, medicines and liquors. As
such it Is entitled to every consumer's and every
honest producer's support.
THE I\SUitAXCE REPORT.
The report of the Armstrong committee is as
searching ant! satisfactory as was its work of
examination. Legislative investigations are
proverbially unfruitful, serving more often as
an outlet for personal spleen and political ani
mosity than as an effective instrument of reform.
The Armstrong committee lias l>een a conspic
uous exception to that rule. With complete de
votion to the task of improving insurance af
fairs, it has diligently. thoroughly, impartially
and ably delved into the secrets of the business
and revealed shocking abuses regardless of
friend or toe. Neither political nor personal
pressure could swerve the committee from its
duty. It will probably never Ik- known how
great that pressure was. All warnings by the
companies of what they might expect if they
asked too particularly alH>ut campaign contribu
tions or lobbying bills were lost upon Senator
Armstrong and his Republican colleagues, and.
whatever blame the Republican party shares
with the business world and the whole com
munity of which it Is a part in the insurance
abuses, we owe to the fearless and patriotic work
of these Republicans and their Republican coun
sel, Mr. Hughes and Mr. McKeen. the complete
ness of these revelations leading not merely to
a reform in insurance, but, it may be hoped, to
higher moral standards in all business. The
public has followed the long continued exam
ination, at which almost daily high reputations
suffered, with great interest, perhaps not en
tirely creditable. If, as may be believed, a large
part of that interest was due to a keen desire
for righteousness, possibly something of it was
also due to the jackal in human nature, the love
to tear down and to gloat over ruined greatness.
The necessary work of tearing down has been
done. The work of reconstruction is at baud.
The committee, which perforce furnished a
daily sensation to the populace, now reports its
serious conclusions and offers its remedies. All
that was righteous in the popular interest must
be as intent upon understanding that report and
carrying out its recommendatious as in hanging
upon evidence of scandals.
It would be useless within the limits of a
newspaper article to attempt any discussion of
the details of a report filling more than three
hundred closely printed paces. A perfect under
standing of the exact effect of the many tech
nical recommendations can come only after long
study. Nevertheless there are a few large feat
ures of the insurance problem the handling of
which Indicates the scope and spirit of the pro
posed reforms. These go to the root of the evils
exposed in the conduct of the great insurance
companies. Concerning industrial insurance the
committee has little or nothing to say. though
believing there is need of reform in that quar
ter, because It had no time to give attention to
the subject. A recommendation Is made that
the law be changed <o as to prevent the incor
poration hereafter of assessment or co-opera
tn-e companies. It would secure true Investiga
tion by publicity of lists of policyholdere. by
giving an opportunity for a comparatively
small foody to make nominations, and by
the distribution of official ballots to all poi
lcyholdens containing the names of regular
und independent candidates. Such a plan, while
giving full opportunity for opposition to' mani
fest itself, would also protect companies from
snap votes and chance changes? of administration.
.Stock companies are encouraged to motaaJiae,
and the propriety of permitting the purchase and
extinguishment of stock II ■ reasonable value is
urged, though that recommendation doe- not
apparently contemplate ■ valuation unrelated to
dividends and •Bible lieu on surplus, but based
on the speculative value of the control for busi
ness purposes of vast sums. Still more impor
tant for curbing the misuse of funds is the rec
ommendation that all future investment in
stocks be prohibited, and also investment in col
lateral trust bonds based to more than one-third
of their face value on stocks. Present stocks
would have to be disposed of in lire years.
Manipulation of real estate would also be greatly
restricted. All syndicate participations and ail
interests of officers or directors in purchases or
sale* are to be forbidden. The amount of new
business is to be limited according to the out
standing business — in the case of the three great
companies to 1150.000.000 a year— thus stopping
the enormous agency waste. Rebating is to be
more strictly forbidden, deferred dividend pol
icies re t . be prohibited for the future, and
strict aocounting for and apportionment of the
surplus up to the full limit of a conservative re
serve Is to be enforced. Forms of policies are
to be made standard and the right of any policy
holder to resort to the courts without the per
mission of the Attorney General is to be secured.
These are the chief recommendations respect
ing insurance proper. Campaign contributions
and secret expenditure* for legislation are ultra
vires, and are m treated in the report. The
remedies suggested properly apply to all cor
porations, but, since the evils have come to
notice in connection with insurance, the com
mittee wisely proposes legislation to cure them.
It would make political contributions by insur
ance companies criminal— prohibition in which
all corporations not themselves political might
well be Included. It would also stop the secret
expenditure of money, which made possible the
methods of Hamilton, Fields and Jordan and
would also forbid any person to influence legis
lation as the paid representative of another
without making public record of the fact, stat
ing the measures he is concerned with and the
interests he represents. This Is a plan which
has hitherto been described and commended by
The Tribune, and we think it would go far
toward curing the abuses of the lobby and
toward discouraging the activities of strike leg
The committee does not believe that additional
power Is needed by the Insurance Department,
though it suggests many points on which more
specific reports should be required. The commit
tee thinks the department has failed to exercise
its powers ; and, while making allowance for Its
avowed theory that the sole duty of the state
officials was to see that companies were solvent,
not to wpervlse their management, the commit
tee points out that the examiners' own reports
departed from that theory and pretended to give
■■■■ranee to poUcyholders that their property
was not being wasted. Criticism of the depart
ment for hablta of many years' standing under
Afferent chiefs is temperate, but severe, and
nnxit Had to a much keener sense of responsi
bility In the future. The preliminary review
of the fact* on which recommendations are
baaed contains many scathing characterizations
of Insurance transactions, but these are only ln
diUatml to the porpoae th« comann»e h*» from
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUXE FRIDAY. FEBRUARY 23. 1906.
the beginning kept steadily In mind. It sought
not sensations, but remedies. It has given na
exhibition of great energy and ability In that
search, and we believe that ac Its measures are
carefully studied they will be found real rem
edies, conservative and safe, but thorough, and
well adapted to put life Insurance once more
on a Bound business and moral foundation.
Even if Patrick should be willing to permit
his former counsel to answer questions about
his alleged confession, the taking of such testi
mony ought not to be permitted and the Dis
trict Attorney should be forbidden even to sug
gest such a thing. The rights of other men as
well as those of Patrick are at stake In the
establishment of any such rule of procedure.
If Patrick refuses to release his counsel from
the bond of professional secrecy, as be has a
perfect right to do without prejudice, that re
fusal inevitably nets to his prejudice. if not on
the court at least on public opinion, which may
be quite as important to Patrick at last. The
rule which forbids a prosecutor in any way to
twit a defendant for not taking the stand In
his own behalf should likewise forbid the issu
ing of any "dares" to waive any other constitu
tional right. Patrick is entitled to have his case
passed upon according to the legal proofs against
him, not according to anything else, even his
own admissions to his counsel. If he ever made
And, quite aside from Patrick, the precedent
of such testimony would be evil. Suppose Pat
rick now allows Mr. House to speak and dis
proves the talk of confession and perhaps helps
his own case. The next time a prisoner is asked
to waive his privilege and refuses, the assump
tion of his sruilt will be all the stronger because
Patrick dared to face the trial. We have under
our law a well established method of prosecu
tion and defence, and attempts to go outside of
it are not a healthful sign of the times. Dis
trict attorneys may think short cuts and brill
iant expedients to test truth warranted by par
ticular emergencies, but they would be wiser
to avoid such dangerous experiments. Criminal
procedure in This county was badly strained in
the Molineux case, and we had hoped that the
lesson of that trial had taught prosecutors that
prisoners had constitutional rights which they
were bound In the spirit as well as in the. letter
USING rivers as sewers.
Every one who Is alert to the danger result
ing: from the contamination of public water
supplies will be Interested in a decision handed
down this week by Justice Holmes, of the
United States Supreme Court. Years ago Chi
cago discharged its sewage Into Lake Michi
gan, and then drank it, greatly diluted. Con
cluding that the latter practice was the cause
of great mortality, the city decided to get rid
of the sewage in another way A costly drain
age canal was constructed which led to a trib
utary of the Illinois River, which empties Into
the Mississippi only a few miles above St.
Louis. Shortly after the new system went into
operation St. Louis thought it discovered that
die prevalence of typhoid fever within its bor
ders had sensibly increased, and the suspicion
was entertained that Chicago was responsible
for the trouble. The stare of Missouri, In be
half of the one city, thereupon brought a suit in
a federal court against the state of Illinois
to secure an order forbidding the other city to
use the Mississippi River as a sewer.
The highest tribunal denies the application,
on the ground that the fault of Chicago is not
clearly proven. Either some doubt was enter
tained about the genuineness of the alleged in
crease of typhoid fever or else other possible
sources of contamination were not logically ex
cluded from consideration. The decision Is ren
dered "without prejudice." That is to say, St.
Louis is at liberty to try again, if it thinks It
can make out a stronger case, but for the pres
ent Chicago will remain undisturbed.
Disinterested sanitarians have followed these
proceedings closely, in the hope that facts would
he adduce*! which would be useful in future
litigation of the same kind elsewhere. When
they took note of the distance which the out
flow from Chicago must travel before reaching
St. Louis (300 or 300 miles) they might well
feel uncertain whether any impurity contained
in it would stand so long a journey without
undergoing changes which would make it ab
solutely innocuous. When, they recalled how
much hardier the typhoid bacillus Is than other
bacteria they were not so certain about the
remit. There was some reason to suspect that
■in epidemic of typhoid fever in Columbus.
Ohio, two or three years ago. was caused by
the discharge of germs into' the Scioto River at
Kenton. sixty or seventy miles above the capi
tal city. No one yet knows exactly how far
such microbes may be conveyed without losing
their vitality and virulence. Hence, if evidence
had been presented strong enough to convince
the Supreme Court that typhoid fever could be
caused in St. Louis by sewage from Chicago.
.in important precedent would have been es
tablished. As it is, the world Is no wiser in
consequence of The suit just disposed of than
it was a few years ago. Disappointment will
be felt at the failure, but this is the only
rational cause for regret at the outcome The
court was particularly careful not to deny the
responsibility of one community for the health
of others situated below it on the same stream.
If St. Louis should determine not to renew
the fight, it may conclude to adopt other meas
ures for the purification of Its water. Filtra
tion is obviously the most promising expedient
It would remove coloring matter as well as dis
ease germs from the water of the Mississippi,
on which St. Louis now relies and on which it
will probably be dependent always. The requi
site plant would be expensive. no doubt but
in introducing it St. Louis would be pursuing
the policy already adopted by Philadelphia and
strongly recommended by th- Health Commis
sioner of the metropolis for this city as well
Jena, Germany, has for many years been fa
mous for the Improvements In optical apparatus
that originated there. One of these was bur
greeted about three years ago by two university
professors In that city, named Siedentopf and
Szlcmondy. These men proposed that in pho
tographing objects of microscopic proportions
like bacteria, Illumination be effected by means
of ultra-violet rays. They also invented an In
strument for that purpose. Among the Ameri
cans who Investigated the merits of the new
procedure was Professor H. C. Ernst of Har
vard University, and a recent dispatch to The
Tribune indicates that after prolonged experi
ment he is much pleased with the result
Both those who study the infinitely bi™ (the
astronomera) and those who study the infinitely
small .the raicroseoplsts) employ two general
methods of research. Most of their work Is
visual observation. Some of It, however Is per
formed with the aid of a photographic phne
which will renter thin** which cannot be seen
The superiority of this procedure over the other
lies in the fact that the retina responds only to
the impressions of a moment, whereas the ef
fect on a sensitive plate is cumulative Ex
posures have been made In astronomical ob
servatories lasting several hours. Up to the
present time the advantage has been more mani
fest to the star gazer than to the bacteriologist.
It is doubtful if the latter has secured much
more, by photography than a permanent record
of what ha has actually observed. He might in
time nave developed still further the usefulness
of the means already at hla disposal, but the
recommendation of th« Jena experts promises
to give him distinctly better facilities than bo
previously enjoyed for microscopic investiga
tion Ultra-violet radiance, though practical' v
laru^i^ iju a hig*m a.;r.r,. pavw uuu." ooa.
mon light Hitherto objects under scrutiny on
the stage of a microscope have been illuminated
with the risible rays of the spectrum thrown
up from below or In from one side, first being
concentrated by ordinary lenses. Common glass
obstructs the ultra-violet light, and the essen
tial novelty of the Jena plan Is the employment
of lenses of quartz, which will transmit it.
Though the Innovation would have no value
for visual work, therefore, it ought greatly to
enhance the results obtained when a sensitive
plate is substituted for the eyepiece of a mi
Professor Ernst declares that bacteria exam
ined by ultra-violet light reveal themselves
without any preliminary staining. It has al
ways been necessary when making bacteriolog
ical tests for tuberculosis, diphtheria or typhoid
fever to apply aniline or other dyes to a speci
men before putting It under the microscope.
Different stains are required for different or
ganisms. If that preparatory measure can be
dispensed with, bacteriological work will be
greatly simplified. To gay that the change is
"revolutionary" is extravagant, perhaps, but the
gain is not to be despised. Hence it Is grati
fying to notice that Professor Ernst confirms
the assertion made by Professors Sledentopf
and Szigmondy on this point three year* ago.
An even more Important advantage may rea
sonably be expected from the Improved appa
ratus. The hope that smaller particles might
be Identified (photographically) than have ever
been detected before has been freely expressed
in Jena. The germs of some diseases are large
enough to be seen and photographed, and by
their diversity of form and other traits (like
their susceptibility to particular stains) diag
nosis in suspected cases is facilitated. But,
while other — eerobro-splnal meningitis,
for Instance— behave as if they were caused by
similar organisms, the latter have not yet been
discovered. The reason may be that they are
smaller than the germs which have already been
recognized and that they are beyond the range
of the best microscopes. If ultra-violet light
will reveal these objects unmistakably, the
scope of bacteriology will be broadened, medi
cal practice and public sanitation directly bene
fited and humanity placed under profound ob
ligations to Sledentopf, Szigmondy and their
Some one ought to call President John
Mitchell's attention to the old adage, "Don't
prophesy unless you know."
The inventor whose life saving apparatus for
skaters was the means of his death at least
had the courage to try It himself. Had the
manufacturers of the life destroying belts used
on the Slocum been compelled to test their own
devices New- York would not have suffered
from the greatest catastrophe of the kind in its
Is the New-York Central going to have an
llth-ave. subway, or 1b New-York City going
to have Mine condemned surface tracks on Its
The biscuits of science, as we learn from a
scientific chef, are compounded of feeale, tartrs.
eau distille, saccharine, blcarbonat de soda and
lalt (complex). They are such biscuits as
mother never made and never would have dared
to eat had the oomponeata been rut before her
in their French dlspuise.
Aujrust Belmont has Just bought a lake. TVe
hope he is not goins to use the wa:»r on trae
After a conference of leading Republican Sen
ators and Representatives at th«» President's
office Speaker Cannon told The eager reporters
they had been "merely discussing love and
flowers and poetry." Speaker Cannon's views
on these subjects would be of great Interest to
the public, but the reporters do not seem to
have Insisted strongly upon his giving them
the ■wide publicity they doubtless merit.
THE TALK OF THE DAY
Some elocutionist has made a collection of more
than two hundred "tongrue-twlater;»":
"A growing clean glowing green."
"The bleak breeze blighted the bright broom blos
"Flesh of freshly dried flying fish."
•Six thick thistle sticks."
"Two toads tried to trot to Ted bury "
"Give Grimes Jim's great gilt gig whip."
"Strict, strong Stephen Stringer snared slickly six
sickly el Iky snakes."
"She stood at the door of Mrs. Smith's fish sauce
shop welcoming him In."
The first three are the gems of the collection. It
la said to be impossible for any one to repeat them
Willie tied the baby's ear
Firmly to the chandelier;
Baby chuckled, full of glee—
'Twas his ear of corn, you see.
— (Princeton Tiger.
"Willie pulled him by his tongue:
Round and round the room they swung.
Baby seemed to like It, though —
'Twas his wagon tongue, you know.
Little Willie took a drop
While held by his loving pop;
Did It hurt him? Not a bit.
Paregoric makes pain grit.
— (Yonkers Statesman.
A French Judg-e visiting England was rldmsc In a
London tramcar when the conductor asked for his
fare. The Judge offered a sixpence, and when he
received fourpenee change (aye th« conductor two
"Here, my man, get yourself a glass of r>«»«r '
A clergyman. sitting opposite, Interposed:
"Excuse me. sir. but Is it wise to encourage
drinking? I have not touch« a glass of beer for
"Poor man!" exclaimed the Judge. "Take ze
To kiss a lady's hand 1b chlv-
Alrous and full of grace:
Yet ouch a kiss. I'm positive.
Is rather out of place. — <Judge.
Baltimore, which received In the Johns Hopkins
University and the Johns Hopkins Hospital and In
other forms $10,000,000 from Its famous philanthro
pist, Is to erect a memorial In his honor. The in
stitutions named are his greatest memorial, but the
city, with characteristic Southern generosity, feels
that It must Itself do something to show its ap
preciation of one whose clttsenahip and mrttem
so greatly benefited It. The form the memorial will
take has not yet been decided, and probably will
not be until the entire sum needed for the purpose
Is raised. One suggestion Is that a fountain should
be erected In the heart of the business section of
the city, crowned by a statue of the philanthropist,
and with the figure* of Charity and Education on
Eaft°°no I VC>St "' th * re ' l ' * no North . no South, no
"I'll be clad oS that, gTandpa: 'twill make reoir.
raphy a burned tight •asler.^PWladelphla Bull^
In the** days of adulterated food* even the
tempting chocolate oaks may not be what It ■««ma.
Its cover, as wit recently shown In Chicago by th«
analysis of the products of a firm which extensive
ly advertised the purity of Its preparations may
be. like the obelisk in Central Park, paxafflned
poealbly aa a protection against the *a*trlo juices
of the stomach.
BUI Jones. h« was a curious chap.
He allus likert 10 chaff.
H?d *Xii} luc t cau * ht hlm »° * »ap
A f* 9 °.Z?l l m *** out to lau»h,
An watt fur Ume to let him out
H« wouldn't git dellrtoua
An Utat lectur* him an 1 bum!
About People and Social Incident*,
AT THE WHITE HOUSE.
[From Th» Tribune Bureau.)
Washington. Feb. 22.— President Roosevelt went
for a horseback rid* In the suburbs this afternoon
with Secretary Root and Senator Lodge.
In »;<lte of the fact that Secretary Loeb an
nounced yesterday that the President would not re
ceive any callers to-day, many Congressmen and
social vlattoro were at the White House early this
morning to receive the executive handshake. Most
of them were obliged to go away disappointed for,
after the President had dictated his correspondence
and held short conferences with Attorney General
Moody and Senators Dolllver and Crane, he left the
office building and ajjent with hi* family the Inter
vening time until I o'clock, when he went for his
Among those who called to see the President UsH
morning were Representatives Olcott, Campbell and
Fletcher. ex-Representative Porter, of Plttsburs.
and a delegation representing th* National German
Alliance, consisting of A. Ams. E. J. Tam*en. Con
cad Witt. W. E. Raedek and W. F. Hensler. who
are In Washington to protest against tne passage of
the Hepburn-I>olUver bill for the regulation of In
terstate liquor traffic.
THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS.
[From Th» Trtbuaa Bureau.]
Washington. Feb. 23.-The Austrian Ambassador
and Baroness HengelmUUer entertained a dinner
party to-night, with the Secretary of State and
Mrs. Root as guests of honor. Jonquils and yellow
candles were In fine accord with the gold plate and
cut glass table service. The guests, besides the
Secretary of State and Mrs. Root, were the Minister
from Norway and Mine. Hauge. Captain and Mme.
Hebblnghaus. Count and Countess Glzyki. General
and Mrs. draper. Senator and Mrs. Wetmoro. Mr.
and Mrs. Purdy. Mr. and Mrs. Lars Anderson. Mrs.
Cameron. Mrs. Slater. Miss Carow. Ernest Rennie
of the British Embassy. Count Louis Szecbenyl.
counsellor of the German Embassy, and Baron
The Cuban Minister and Mme. Quesada will give
a dinner to-morrow night, followed by a dance, and
at midnight will pledge with their friends the suc
cess of Cuban independence.
NOTES 0F SOCIETY IN WASHINGTON.
[From Th» Trtbun. Bureau.]
are the T "• *""" Dnxl)er - « Boston, who
are the guests of General and Mrs Draper At
SeTaTo^Kea^Mis oo^ 8p " k " > «" M 1«
. , ' ;T eaa - Ml 3» Xe »a. the Assistant Secretary
ThTc w r *xr g those who attea^ «»»S?
«2t VT UiaimtW and Mm «- Queaada were :h.
ETSx? io^i 0^ Parker.^ *"* + *
Mrs. George Maxwell Robe^n had dining with
her to-night Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Legare Miss
Durand. Miss Rogers, of New-York; Miss Mar
quand. of England; Miss Hamll. of Trenton. X J -
Miss Robeson. Colonel Edwards. Signer Mor.tagna
charge d'affaires of Italy; Count Nani Montagsa
Ronald Lindsay, of the British Embassy; GUt Blair
and William Spencer, of Philadelphia.
Mrs. Kuser. daughter of Senator and Mrs. Dry
den, entertained at one of the most elaborately ap
pointed luncheons of the season In the Presidential
suite at the New Wlllard to-day. Her guests in
cluded Mrs. Hobart. Mrs. Metcalf. Mrs. Burrows,
Mrs. Spooner. Mrs. Scott, Mrs. Dryden. Mrs. Kean!
Miss MUiard. Mrs. Alger. Mrs. Dalzeil. Mrs. R.
Wayne Parker. Mrs. Olcott. Mrs. Rlxej- Mrs.
Allen. Mrs. Garfield. Mrs. Bromwell. Mrs. Clover.
Mrs. Radcliff*. Mrs. Jackson. Mrs. Tirnmons. Mrs.
Symons, Mrs. Ros? Thompson. Mrs. Butler, Mrs.
Mulligan. Mrs. Wright. Mrs. Harvey. Mrs. Kearney.
Miss Stevens. Miss Sherrlll. Miss Thompson. Miss
Wood. Miss Allen. Miss Chabot. Miss Sowers. Miss
McCoy. Miss Clayton and Miss Squire. A portion
of the Marine Band played throug-hout the after
noon. American Eeauty roses were in the m 'eption
and drawing rooms. Mrs. Kuser's gown was of
yellow cr?pe de Chine, heavily embroidered with
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Ijem entertained at dinner
to-night Justice and Mrs. Brown. Senator and Mrs.
Elkins, Admiral Dewey, Lieutenant and Mrs. T!rn
mons. Colonel and Mrs. Bromwell. Colontl and
Mrs. Symons. Mr. and Mrs. Charles J. Bell. Mr.
and Mrs. "Welghtman. Mrs. Slater. Mrs. Barney and
OSTEOPATHY FOE THE PUBLIC.
Correspondent Defends Modern School — Tells
What It Has Done for Him.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The. letter of Dr. D. B. St. John Roosa in
your issue of the 19th inst. excites the interest
of a class which ie represented by th» undersigned
as truly, probably, as the distinguished doctor
represents the old school of medicine— the great
class of citizens who have been through the mill.
Most of my Ufa I hay had to do with doctors, old
school, homoeopathic, and. lately, oateopathlc. So
firmly planted In our civilization is the cult repre
sented by Dr. Roosa. If by any man. that our ver>
language Is poor and halting In attempting to
describe a health adviser »ho is not a medical ad
viser, and in this day of grace we almost comically
say. for instance, "osteopathlc physician"! The
pood doctor could not possibly set further wronsr
on the subject of his letter than he doe« in as
serting that "osteopaths are endeavoring to ...
secure a short cut into the practice of medicine."
Their belief, based on experience, is that they have
outgrown medicine. They are taught as thoroughly
as are medical loners— some essentials, as
anatomy, much more thoroughly They are taught
quit** as much chemistry, for example, hut they
utilize the knowledge In mastering physiology. ni>t
in crowding: down our throats processions cf chemi
cal"! — my class calls them medicines, and take?
them with resignation born of Ions: submission.
No. osteopathy wants nothing- to do with the
"practice of medicine." It knows better.
At this point I hear you. Mr Editor, being a just
man. say: "Hold on! What do you. a mere victim,
know of these things?" Well. I know of my own
knowledge three things.
First— For many years I had an unsatisfactory
heart. Both schools of medicine looked wise about
It. and did nothing. An unpretending osteopath
put It to rights by taking off the unnecessary
load Imposed by poor circulation and by enlarglns
my chest measure nearly an tnch and giving the
patient heart room to work In.
Second— For ten years I had a much Impaired
digestion. Osteopathy freed the pressure which was
Interfering: with the work of the easentlal nt-ryes,
and now I eat anything and assimilate perfectly.
Third— For many years I wore classes prescribed
for astigmatism by the distinguished writer of the
letter in question— head of his profession.
Osteopathy found cause-* for astigmatism of which
the "old school"— well named— denien the existence
and I hay»- my sight back in full measure and
clearness, and have no more use for clashes Is
I take It that one weß authenticated fact Is wor;n\
of more consideration at the hands of my long
Buffering- and much abused class, the public than
the opinions held by all the anatomtsts ana phynt
ologlsts referred to by the eminent doctor, meaning
of course, those of his own school.
Trie "Interesting fact" Instanced by the doctor
"that men already educated In th» science of medi
cine rarely turn from the ordinary practice to be
come osteopaths." happens not to be a fact at all
as the cases cf medical practitioner* having their
practice seriously cut Into bjr neighboring osteo
path* ami tuking up osteopathy In order to regain
their livelihood are many.
I grant freely the inference drawn by the doctor
that -the claims of osteopathy ... do not gen
erally appeal to educated physicians." I have many
warm friends who practise medicine, but my expe
rience and observation of them have led me to the
conviction that they are the. narrowest. th«» most
hidebound of men. and I cannot help regarding
their present attitude toward osteopathy as of one
piece with the attitude of medicine, ever since the
days of Harvey. Emphatically the medical profes
sion has not "passed through the stage of heresy
hunting." as the doctor claims. It la In that stage
and the doctor fitly represents his medical brethren
in erring out against a man who can make a
broken down digestion strong and cood. a thin*
that all the medicine on the planet could not accom-
We of the public, the oldtime victims of drags of
numberless kinds, have no reason to h^ proud of
the State of New-York if It la** behind thirty of
Urn Bister States In recognizing and regulating n hv-J
teni of rescue from disease which Is paiaablv I
step In the advance of the race toward self-know*
New-Tork. Feb. a. IJOt * E " San ' »:
New-Tork. Feb. a. IWM
QUEEN MARGHERITA'S TRIP.
Rome. Feb. =.-Th. Queen Dowager Marrhertta
has ordered her attendants to hasten the prenara
tlons for her Journey to America, winning to ZZZI
Italy at the «nd of April. Her m »jMtv I,L .
stop a weeA in NeW-X*irfc taXtM^L- " ' '
NEW YORK SOCIETY.
Mrs. Charles T. Barney rave a costca* -,„_
last night la th. Renaissance tapestry room „,"*•
house, in Park-ay*.. her quests being array*,
the costumes of Franc*. Spain. England. HniV
and Italy of the sixteenth and ■rr«t*«t»a2f
rles. Th* long, narrow table which -was laid &Z?1
th* room «ii divided Into sections, so Guta?
costume* of each country were grouped tot-v
The dinner was followed by music and «>*»
th* sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, ' D , 5
GlUbert. In the guise of a Venetian troubado^ .i
Mlas Metcalf. In the couum* of a pa«n. **
Mrs. Barneys meats were sixty In auiai— .
included Mrs. Stanford White as Empress EW*
of Austria. Mrs. Arthur ImUi as Queen SlariT?*
tolnette. Mrs. Thomas Hastings as Queen Elk*
of England. James I* Brees* as the latter. S3
Kins; Henry VIII: Mrs. Archibald 3. Alexa^
who was Miss Helen Barney, as Beatrice <rE*.-ZL'
Harry Payne Whitney as a French courtier a*
sixteenth century. Miss Anne Morgan. dausjZJ?
J. Plerpont Morgan, aa a Dutch lady of thetW 1
Rembrandt; Mrs. Henry Worthlnrton Bu • «"
lady of the court of King Philip Uof Spain. ,Ll
M. Waterbury. jr.. as an EUzabethaa ka-m^
Insley Blair as an Italian courtier of the -~- S '
century. Stanford White as the Dauphin. laT^
Francis II of France; Mrs. Arthur WUtatr L *
I>utch lady of th« court of wa^am the arZJ
Archibald S. Alexander as the grandlatiiril
Henry IV. the latter French monarch beisg -— *
■ented by the host. Charles T. Barney. "
Mrs. Barney herself Impersonated Queen X»w,
rlne de Medici In a costume of dark blue t^hl
embroidered with the cold lilies of Francs, anTS!
younger daughter. Miss Kathertn* aaraej
Queen Ana of Cleves. one of the wives o* H«_
VIII of England. ~^*
It may be added that the Renaissance eharaaw
of the decorations of the room in which the *-,
was held, and which was beautifully decorate „
the Rosary Flower Company, and the old I^Jta
tapestries of the room on the left of tba »g^J
Mrs. Barney received her quests, lest thesaej^
In a very picturesque fashion to the «p«ctacU -r*
seated by the costumes o? the guests. The ssntsm
were dressed In the rarb worn by the scrrtton'of
the sixteenth and seventeenth centurfes.
Mrs. Frederick W. Wh!trt(s«e entertain^ *•
Thursday Evening: Club last r.Jght at her hcuM. Js
East lltti-st.. with a musical, the featur* of "wtl«
was the appearance of Ulle. Tvette Gilbert. -
This evening Mr. as« Mrs. Junts a. Burde.
will give a large dinner dance at their new »jn^^
in East 91st- at .
Another dance sot for to-rJgrht 13 the anr. ■.*. bt3
of the Junior class of Columbia at I-.::.'-r.i-o'». '
St. Thomas's Church was the scese vv M -^.
afternoon of the wedding of Miss Nat*::e Ti~?
Frederick S. BattershaU. the ceremony bela« ■»
formed by the Rev. Dr. Ernest M. sur*«. the i»
tor. assisted by the bridegroom's uncle, toe Eav D-
Walton W. Batr^- The bride, who is a <^sX
ter of. Mrs. John Wfcthrop Almr. was dress** to
white satin trimmed with lace. 91 ■ was tlire: &•«»
by her uncle. Logan C. Murray, and had as *c- o=lt
attendant her sister. Miss Gladyi amy a a.'*~±
of grray chlfToa cloth and a *ra y hat t-c.-nedisZ
feather 3 of the win, hue. Mr. and Mr» Bans*
shall will spend their honeymoon la Bersuii
on their return wffl ma kt» their home !n EastCd-«.
Mr mi Mrs. J. ■■— am 'ram km returned a
town, and will go abroad very shortly
Mr. and Mrs. Frederick W. Vaadertilt haw U*
town for their country place a: Kyde Park. * \
Colonel Count Gleichen. Ei^tary attach* of tt.
firitish Embassy at Waahlagton. a=<i a son <tf tt»
late Prtace Victor Hohenlohe. has arrived !r. tctp
and is staj-inc at the rf-A«tor*a.
Mr. and Mr- R. Uvineston Beekiaaa harm m
town for Palm Beach, -where Aasrust Belznoat c 5
Edward C. Potter are likewise stay's-.
A daughter was bom to Mr and Mrs. J. Want
ward Havro on Tuesday at th«lr hmw ta '2«
79th-st. ■ - ....... -...-.'.
— ! ■-- -■ ,*i£»
Mn Payne Whitney has left town to star «•
her sister. Mrs. James W. WaJsworth. Jr.. « &■
PENSSYLVA2JIA CONFERS DIGKEM
University Honors Public Men at HolHiy
Philadelphia. Feb. Birthday
was observed by the University or ? -'-.r.sytM*
with exercises at the Academy of Music the ooa
fernas or honorary decrees upon public men bsirj
part of tht- eclebnttoxt. Dr. Henry van Dyke, pro
fessor of English literature at Princeton U=ir«f
sity. was th» speaker of the day. His topic jra
•'Washington and the ilea Who Stood witii Him*
Th» cundidatea for honorary decrees u c re --a«3:
ea by Dr. S. Weir Hitch*!! as puMlc orator, tit
c!egre#s being conferred by Provost t\ C. ■Ma
Doctor of Laws: Dr. Henry van D-ke Prfccf
ton t r.ivers::v; Edwta Ames
I'SSSS? J55L2* Minn^apolis^St. Pail; Uoyi C
r^f-~^'xr k : > States Ambassador to BrarU
c;";,ffntSo a pr; burr - pre3lden: of R3^ r: ***•
Doctor or Scienc>»: Baron Kanehiro Takakl. w^
is now Ttettto- this countr>- in tht later^aTdf t»
Doctor of Sacred Thfoiopj : T7flliaia arm*
Richardson, of Philadelphia, a widHv ir.owa E?»
°?P^l- °' ers> ' =:!an : J «raes Add:=^>n iler.rr ircm»
SlSratom University and Erector of' ThttWP-
ART EZETBITIOU OPENED IN L033G3.
Ambassador Reid Pays Tribute to Thtfftt
As an Etcher
London. Feb. 21— Ambassador Reid xt noon »
nay formally opened the second s«-c::on of *»
sixth unal ex&btthxa of the Interr.atiojwi So
ciety f Sculptors. Painters and Er.sr::.ver» «t >*
New Gallery. The president of the «i>oietT, AT
zusi« Rchiin. presided. The ga!>ry wuj cro«!rf
with artists an ' contributors to art. ilr. Ee!d 3
■ short and ple&stac speech rvfcmd to th» t*s
that the four^lr-r and first president of the - :-M3
were both Americans, and expressed the hopalSs*
the foundations principles may ni penetrateA3«
Spe;... of Whistler. Mr. Reid said liat ho **»
one oi the foremost ttchers. tf not the foreaost. <
PLAN HOWASD CROSBY LI3&&3Y FU33
Admirers of Venerable Clergyman *■
Celebrate Birthday by Starting MescaL
Neat Tuesday will tw> the e:£hti«:h blrtii&y •*
the Rev. I'r Howard Crosby, a w«i: ...jwn N«^
York etanamaau who was at one time profw**
of Grcfk in New- York University. AtotM»«t2l
Croaby will start a movement on that uay to »**
in hta hOEor a Howard Crosby Library .:;J •
Cww. thu incomt. of which ts to bt K;>yli«J » ip
streu K th«uine of the cUsslcal library m tH« »«;
cXoL^" acquisition of the Huk-r CiHf^|
Übrary m m provided a Full tor ** '
SHOPPING IN SHANGHAI.
From Tat- Minneapolis Jouraat
rL^t .^ y rr « ( * ve "ter v? tne barsala counter wU- »
ru«b tot<> tt '= ua »- it teU» bow various *iatl» »
cut. umtarwana i sl a rnlaut- That thtTp*«lc^
?J 7.J?. 111 ** have b *« >n *wamped with custom *3»
int. i ht:ir 3 ,- bargiua iiualer* re»a about tt>« tn»»"
thut wrre ir.arkcJ 'Wii.v Uown. _
AmonrtbK shlrtins* we noUc* th« «■■•« **
riet o» of »ttnu-tjve sooUs: Ould Sun. Sl n * h *2
hoiaier Man. Ktve SUi«r. Xln« via Man, ©SS'S
aiudcßt Paintoa Thr«s» Ludiea. Clua Ciln >J
Blue Four Emperor* Birthdior. UraT« * sW i!jl
*t aa «* wrul -■••crirtcc A» for . i|m V*** 3 ' }? 9 A*
\M» tint: i\iintwi Uuildha. PaintoJ OruadraJ^V
f., . iMut- «» LJuhthouae. Orpt-n Three &**-£.
Blttck Rood* %cr» offers at pnees that wouW^
ply omv.pol you to Buy a.oTnt> of t. l ies«: T::rw P*- .
htt. Ju»a ttirthitay. Tin Onun'a Marri.t^f "«» S
Hammer . Stae ami Maofcej;. Teiw-oar SBBfc An"
festival, Viu««r .-•.»•! • •-••'-
It ju»i ahoT.« «-tut fc^tryalrj may b« »*«:*•* "•
*■ • ** em? «mu> mw. v?- qj,,^