Newspaper Page Text
V ni TA'\l ...X°- 21,720.
MH. HOOSKVKLT PI.KAM-II)
APPROVES RATE PLANS.
Allison Amendment Makes No Im
portant Change, He Believes.
[Flora The Trlbun* Bureau.]
Washington. May — The announcement of a
final agreement on the Hepburn bill, whereby
the Allison amendment will be adopted by a
solid Republican vote and the measure placed
on the statutes at an early date, which was
made in The Tribune this morning:. is to-day
confirmed on all sides. It is everywhere re
garded as a remarkable tribute to the astute
ness of "Uncle Billy Allison," as he Is affection
ately called, that both sides to the controversy
which has long rent the Republicans In the
Senate are to-day throwing up their hats and
claiming an overwhelming victory.
The specific delegation to the Interstate Com
merce commission of the power to ftx the rates
charged by common carriers in every case where
complaint is made and where. in the judgment
of the commission, the rate charged is too high.
Is universally declared to be a remarkable vic
tory for the President. The change of senti
ment In Congress in this regard under the
President's guidance has been most radical.
The President has taken occasion to-day to
express to his friends his emphatic approval
of the Allison amendment, which was published
in The Tribune this morning. The Chief Ex
ecutive, while explaining that he would have
slightly preferred the Long amendment, believes
that the Allison amendment does not materially
alter the Hepburn bill, as approved by himself
and the Attorney General and aa passed by the
House, The President from the first has be
lieved that the Hepburn bill unamended con
ferred on the courts full jurisdiction over suit*
brought to suspend orders of the Interstate
Commerce Commission made pursuant to that
bill; that there was, therefore, no occasion ex
plicitly to confer such Jurisdiction; but as there
has been some difference of opinion among the
ablest constitutional lawyers as to whether or
not the Hepburn bill unamended did confer such
Jurisdiction, It could do no harm, and might
prove Judicious, explicitly to confer this Juris
diction, as is done by the Allison amendment.
Moreover, if those who contend that full Juris
diction was not conferred by the unamended
Hepburn bill were right, then it was. In his
opinion, all important that such Jurisdiction
should be explicitly conferred.
QUESTION LEFT TO COURTS.
The President regards it as impossible to de
termine with any degree of certainty the breadth
or narrowness of the review of the orders of
the Interstate Commerce Commission, which
the courts assume they will have authority to
conduct Personally, he believes that the courts
will confine themselves in any such review to
the two questions, whether the constitutional
rights of the carrier have been infringed and
whether the commission has exceeded its au
thority under the law. He admits, however,
that those who maintained that the courts will
deem themselves competent to review the or
ders of the commission, with a view to ascer
taining whether the legal as well as the con
stitutional rights of the appellants have been
violated, may be right. In any case this can
only be determined by the action of the courts.
It is. moreover, the opinion of the Executive
that tinder the Hepburn amended either
with a narrow review amendment or with a
broad review provision, the courts would take
precisely such action as they should think best,
and his opposition to the broad review was
based merely on his reluctance to erect in the
bill a guidepost which might indicate to the
courts the expectation of Congress that they
would conduct a broad review, while his support
of the narrow review amendment was based
solely on a desire to intimate to the courts the
Mr.<» of action which would be most acceptable.
The Hepburn bill, with the addition of the
Allison amendment, the President regards as
precisely equal to the Hepburn bill, and noth
ing more, and he is disposed to pay high trib
ute to Senator Allison for uniting the Republi
cans in the Senate on an amendment which will
at least prove wholly innocuous, which in the
President's judgment is superfluous, but which
in the opinion of some able lawyers will serve
to make the Hepburn bill exactly what its advo
cates have always said that It was.
SOME AMENDMENTS APPROVED.
The President assured his friends to-day that
he hoped the Lodge amendment, declaring pipe
lines to be common carriers and therefore sub
ject to the Interstate Commerce act. would pre
vail. He regards with favor the Spooner amend
ment requiring the deposit with the courts of all
excess rates which carriers may be permitted to
collect during the life of a temporary injunction,
although he does not regard this as essential, as
be believes if the necessity for such provision
is demonstrated in the operation of the law it
can easily be supplied by subsequent amenda
There are some minor amendments: which the
■ nt v.ouM regard with approval, :-:uch as.
for instance, the elimination of the words "fairly
remunerative" from Sc-rtion 4 of the Hepburn
bill, and the substitution for the stipulation
: If rs of the commission shall go ir.to effect
Thirty days after notice to the carrier
!;.. provision that such orders shall go into
effect "whenever th<- commission shall prescribe,
but not more than sixty days after notice to the
President is giad that an agreement has
been reached which insures the enactment of the
..n bill by a practically unanimous vote of
publican Senators, and an almost nnant
n.'.ui- vote of the Senate, and having won this
signal vj. Tory it, utterly indifferent to any claims
cf rider? put forth by those who have opposed
him. on some amendments.
DR. GREER UNDER KNIFE.
Right Eye of Bishop Coadjutor
Operated on for Glaucoma.
Bishop Coadjutor Greer successfully under
went a serious operation for glaucoma, an af
f«ct!on of the eye. last Wednesday afternoon, at
fcis home. No. 7 Grarjiercy Park. The right eye
•as the one affected. Five years ago Dr. Greer
underwent a similar operation on the left eye,
and recovered completely.
Tl:e operation >s known to oculists as iridec
tomy. Glaucoma, unless checked, results in total
blindness Farsightedness, dimness of vision
and diminution of the field of vision are the
The Bishop's confirmation appointments dur
k? the next few weeks are to be fulfilled as far
as possible by other bishops. Inquiry at the
BisbWs residence yesterday afternoon, brought
out the information that, while the operation
•as a serious one, the Bishop, who will be con
ned to a- dark room for ten days, will coon re
POLAND SPRING HOUSE.
6r*ciM re optative will be S* «*• fSFmS'lSftl
Ird Floo- V E. for H'way and 2-«H' St. <W •»> win
mak. cn S «x-iwnta find i*SSSI all ln
'i'i'.r'.ta i'im«r"ii'« ii- *•• rimer season of J9 1 ™ 0.,U0
*t><; %,;%:% Tffe Mar "«n IIW*« (always open)
■ lbs rXJ Zl>riog iiou-* W«»
«•* awto.- -A«i»x
To-d*y. fair and cooler.
To-morrow, partly cloudy.
STRIKE DECISfON TO-DAY
A r HANDS OF MITCHELL.
Majority of Delegates Thought To
Be Opposed to Peace.
Scranton, Perm., May 4.— The United Mine
Workers' convention of delegates from the three
anthracite districts, which has been In session
here the last two days considering the refusal
of the mino operators to grant the demands of
the mine workers, will declare itself finally and
definitely to-morrow, probably to-morrow morn
ing:. That is the only thing that can be said
with any certainty to-night.
The entire situation is now believed to rest
with President John Mitchell. Theoretically. It
Is in the hands of the general scale committee,
but in reality Mr. Mitchell is the guiding spirit
of that body.
The convention, at Its session this afternoon,
which was a very brief one, decided to refer the
entire question to the general scale committee
of thirty-six, with instructions to report recom
mendations to the convention to-morrow morn
ing at 10 o'clock.
The reference brought into the' situation, for
the first time since the delegates began to ar
rive in the city, a possible suggestion of peace,
though it is generally believed to-night that
the majority of the delegates still favor the
declaration of a strike.
The general scale committee went Into session
at 3 o'clock this afternoon. Immediately follow
ing the adjournment of the convontlon. It re
mained in session until after 5 o'clock, when
President Mitchell announced that the entire
matter had been referred by the general com
mittee to the sub-committee and Secretary-
Treasurer W. B. "Wilson, of Indianapolis, who
arrived In this city to-day. The members of the
sub-committee, in addition to President Mitchell,
are District Presidents Nlcholls. Dettrey and
Fahy and District Secretaries Dempsey, Gal
lagher and Hartleln. The sub-committee held
an extended session to-night. •
Mr. Mitchell said that the committee would
submit resolutions and recommendations to the
convention to-morrow, but further than that he
woull say nothing. He refused to make any
Ftatement concerning the sentiment prevailing
in the convention to-day.
Secretary-Treasurer Wilson made an extended
speech at the opening of the afternoon session.
No official statement concerning the nature of
his remarks was made, public, and there are
conflicting reports concerning it. One report 1b
that his speech was purely non-committal and
that the gist of it was a mere call to the dele
gates to "stand by the union." This seems to
be the report most credited. Another report has
It that he practically advised against a strike.
It Is said that the purpose of Mr. Wilson's
visit to this city Is to give the leaders of the
organization some definite information concern-
Ing its financial condition at the present time
and to put them In close touch with the situa
tion In the bituminous field, where he has been
In charge for the last few weeks. He made the
statement to-day that in his opinion if a strike
of the anthracite miners is called the majority
of the bituminous operators wlil sign the union
scale at once.
The convention will to-morrow do one of three
things. These three points are succinctly set
forth in the last paragraphs of the scale com
mittee's general report, which was made to the
convention at this morning's session as follows:
"You will observe that your committee has
made every possible effort to reach an agree
ment as to the wages and conditions of em
ployment; that they have proposed — subject
to your approval — an arbitration of the differ
ences between us; that our proposals have been
rejected In toto, and that our offer of arbitra
tion upon a basis Just to us and fair to them
has been declined.
"We regret the circumstances which compel
us to report our inability to reach an agree
ment upon which an honorable peace could be
maintained In the anthracite fields.
"If it is true — and we believe It is — that the
operators have made their final proposition,
there is nothing left for us to do but to accept,
for a period of three years, a renewal. of the
award cf the anthracite coal strike commission
of the conditional ami restricted method of
arbitration proposed by the operators, or to
strike until we secure better conditions than
are now offered by our employers."
MITCHELL TO ADVISE PEACE?
Report at Wilkes-Barre That There Will Bo
No Coal Strike.
[By Telferaph to The Tribune. ]
Wilkes-Barre. Perm., May 4. — It is reported here
to-night that President Mitchell will advise pea^e
at the convention of the miners to-mcrrow. This
move on the part of Mitchell will make It sure
that there will be no coal strike. The scale com
mittee it is said, will also recommend peace.
NO CUBAN REBELLION.
Quiet Reported in All Parts of the
Havana. May 4 —The Associated Press is In a
position to state that there is absolutely no
foundation in fact for the statement that there
Is a revolutionary movement on foot in the
eastern end of Cuba or elsewhere In this repub
lic. In Havana, as elsewhere, there is complete
political quiet. A dispatch from Santiago says
ih«-re is no truth in the story that Modesto Leal
is at the head of a revolutionary movement.
MAY BE "MASONIC" THIEF.
Detectives Think They Have Per
petrator of Recent Robbery.
With the capture of Janifls Harrett, alias Billy
Metelski. and sometimes known as Dick Dead
laal night the detectives of the Central
Ofti'.e tliink they have the so-called "Masonic
burglar" who broke Into the home of George E.
Gales, a broker, at Xo. 1.17 Balnbridge street,
Brooklyn, April 30, and departed when he had
■■paf;Kfd the word" of the order with Mr. Gales;
also the man who committed daring burglaries
at No. 4 Fifth avenue, the home of W. S. With
erbee, on March -7; at the house of Colonel
Toby, No. 7<J3 Greene avenue, Brooklyn, and at
the home of Mrs. Rpolgenthal, No. 8 Kouth
Portland avenue, early in April.
Each of these robberies, the detectives say,
was performed with certain unvarying methods,
and they think they have, without doubt, got
His \vif-' was locked up at the Mercer street
station an a suspicious person. Detectives took
from the flat where 'he coupled lived, at No. 189
East 13th street, about $3,000 worth of miscel
laneous gootls, some of which, the detectives say,
are identified already by some of the- persons
TWO TELEPHONE SYSTEMS IN NEW YORK
would mean for business men, two books to con
sult, two -bells to annv.-r-r. two bills to pay.— Advt.
For people who are in a hurry arid yet want
rJrtZct comfort in travelling, the New York Central
Sacra uncalled facilltlM-Advl,
NEWYOBK. SATURDAY. MAY 5. Ijmml.-sixTEEN PAGES.-* t.l'^SS.*... PRICE THREE CENTS
WARRANT ON CITY CHAMBERLAIN RAISED FROM $3 TO $359,000 AND OF
FERED FOR DEPOSIT YEBTERDAY.
BAD WRECK ON P. R. R.
MANY MAY BE KILLED.
Express Trains Crash Near Altoona
— Cars Reported Demolished.
Altoona. Perm., May 4.— The Chicago mail
train No. 21 and the Chicago and St. Louis
express No. 18 on the Pennsylvania Railroad,
running at full speed, met head on near Spring
field Furnace on the Petersburg cut-off, eighteen
miles from this city at 11 o'clock to-night. It
was at first reported that three persons had
been killed and twenty-seven Injured, but later
reports indicate that the casualties were under
estimated. A few hours before, thirty-seven
freight cars had been wrecked at Union Fur
nace, on the Middle Division, twenty miles east
of this city, and all trains were being run around
Altoona over the cut-off.
The Chicago mail left this city on time and
went as far as Tyrone, where it was sent back
to go over the cut-off. The Chicago and St.
Louis express was sent west from Huntlngton
on the cut-off, and the two trains met at Spring
field Junction, where there is only one track.
The cause of the disaster Is said to have been
a misunderstanding of orders by the operator at
Physicians have been sent from Altoona. The
railroad officials at Huntlngton and Williams
burg have received a report that both locomo
tives, the express and mail cars and passenger
coaches are completely demolished. One of the
trains was running reversed, with the coach
next to the engine. Twenty-five passengers were
In this coach, and It Is reported that all are
either dead or wounded.
The railroad officials "ay It will be impossible*
to tell the exact details of the accident until
morning, as several people are pinned under
the wreckage, that the nujaber^ot
dead will exceed nre first estimate. reacHEg
possibly eight or ten. A special train has been
pent from here to bring in the dead and injured,
but it will not arrive until about 4 o'clock. J. 8.
Flckes, engineer, and J. H. Collins, conductor, of
the mail train, are reported to be seriously In
FIRE SWEEPS ELIZABETH.
Entire Row of Buildings Wiped Out
in New Jersey City.
I By Telegraph to The Trlbur.ie.]
Elizabeth, N. J., May s.— Fire breaking out at
1 o'clock this morning wiped out an entire row
of buildings In Broad and Jersey streets, this
city. The blaze started In the Atlantic and Pa
cific tea store, In Broad street, and spread with
great rapidity through the Alpine Dairy. Par
son's drygoods store, the Young Men's Christian
Association Building, Hilderbrandt's wholesale
grocery and Keenan's livery stable.
The entire fire department turned out. but
were still Ineffectually fighting the flames at an
early hour this morning. The buildings were all
two, three and four story frame structures. No
loss of life has yet been reported.
BEAR CHEWS MAN'S FEET.
Grizzly Attacks Keeper Who Enters
Czar, the huge grizzly bear in the Bronx Zoo
logical Gardens, attacked Frederick Schloesser.
one of the keepers, yesterday morning, and al
rrc-st chewed his feet off before he was driven
away. Schloesser was in the den at the time
and had climbed up to one of the big rocks.
While there the keys fell from his hands and
rolled outside the bars. He got down on his
hands and knees to get them, and while in this
posture the bear pounced on him. He struggled
for awhile, and gradually rolled under the brute
Into a pool of water. The bear pulled him out
and started to feed on his feet, when his cries
for help brought a dozen keepers, who drove the
animal off with big hooks. Schloesser was taken
to Ford ham Hospital.
FLORAL PROJECT NIPPED.
Plan to Beautify Rose, Cactus and
Dahlia Places, Brooklyn, Abandoned
A rose-colored idea to transform one of the
most unsightly places In the city Into a beauty
spot came before the Board of Estimate yester- !
day, but it fell by the wayside, when it ran
against concrete fact. The local board of the ;
East New York district in Brooklyn sent to the
Board of Estimate a plan for laying out Rose
Place. Cactus Place and Dahlia Place, between
Broadway and Fulton street, in Brooklyn. On
paper this looked commendable, but it didn't
look that way when the chief engineer of the j
board reported on It.
"These three streets," said Chief Engineer j
Lewis, "would be one block In length, and would ;
pass directly through the terminal yard and coal j
pockets of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Com- j
pany, and would destroy one large brick build- j
"They do things different in Brooklyn." mur- j
inured the Mayor, as he winked at Controller
"ltos«> Place, Cactus Place and Dahlia Place— j
that kind of a bouquet would cost us about half
a million," said the Controller.
It didn't take long to kill the resolution.
POLAND SPRING HOUSE OPENS MAY 30TH.
Hiram Ricker & Bonn beg to announce that their
special representative will be at tho Resort Bureau,
3rd Floor. N. E. Cor. B'way and 2tfth St. (May 10th
to 25th) to arrange for bookings and.aimwer all in
quiries concerning both It*- Poland Bprin« House
and Mansion House at Poland Baring.— Advt* I
TRIED TO TRICK CITY.
WARRANT NICELY RAISED.
H. L. Whaley Presents Forged
Order for $859,000 at Night Bank.
Following what appears to be either one of
the boldest attempts ever made to swindle the
city or else a huge Joke, H. L. Whaley, of No.
20T> West W2d street, was arrested at his home
last night, charged with having raised a $3 war
rant from the Department of Finance to $359,
000. The prisoner tried to open an account with
the warrant at the Night and Day Bank about
8 a. m. yesterday. The warrant was taken to
the Controller's office later, where the bank's
suspicions that the warrant was queer were
Whaley when arrested was cool and collected.
He readily admitted having attempted to de
posit the warrant. He told the two detectives,
Fogerty and McConville. of the Central Office,
that he did not raise the check, emphasizing this
denial by affirming that he did not know that the
warrant called for $358,000 Instead of $3. The
bank officials, however, declare that Whaley was
well aware of the amount for which the warrant
Whaley received the warrant on June 14 last-
It was for $3 for supplies furnished when he
had a paint and oil store In No. 22 East 21st
street. The raising of the warrant was done
cleverly and with skill. The figure 3 In the
upper corner had been changed to a 5 and a
figure 3 placed before it, the ciphers also being;
added. The word "three" further down had been
erased completely and the larger amount writ
ten in in clever imitation of the words below,
written in the Controller's on»ce. Even the date,
which was correct, had been erased with acid
and - then stamped In again to make It appear
that all the erasures had been made In the
tControKcrV oiix.4. ■"•■ c^vi..:. v ; ..
It was 3 o'clock yesterday morning when
Whaley reached the bank with the warrant. He
spoke first to the watchman at the door, an old
Pinkerton man named Clarke. He showed the
warrant to the watchman, talking thickly mean
while, and was finally passed alone; to the night
credit clerk, O. W. Hill. When the clerk saw
the amount he called G. L. Wilmerding, the
When Mr. Wilmerding saw the amount of the
warrant, and noticed that, although calling; for
more than a quarter of a million dollars. It had
been carried around for nearly a year, he bo
came suspicious and decided to retain the war
rant for investigation. Whaley became Indig
nant and wanted to climb through the window
to get the warrant back, according to the bank
officials. Finally, he agreed that the bank was
right in retaining the warrant until it could be
investigated, and went away, displaying a big
roll of bills. •
On a closer examination after his departure
the suspicions of the bank officials became prac
tically a certainty. As soon as the day force
came on, at !> o'clock. Mr. Hill took the war
rant to Controller Metz, and examination of the
records showed that the warrant had been
raised fronj the original modest sum. Mr. Metz
started an investigation at once, with the result
that Whaley was arrested early in the evening.
He grave his present occupation as a salesman.
While Mr. Hill was at the Controller's office a
woman, heavily veiled, who said that she waa
Mrs. Whaley. called at the bank. She said she
had heard that her husband had been at the
bank, and wanted to know if he had done any
thing that would get him Into trouble. She ex
plained that he had been dining out the night
before and might have done something more or
less foolish. The day force knew nothing of the
affair and the woman went away.
FIND CAUSE OF QUAKE?
Great Crevice at Summit of Sierra
San Francisco, May 4. — Geologists who have
been searching since the earthquake of April 18
to find the cause of the seismic disturbance to
day reported that they had found in the Sierra
Morena Mountains, a few miles south of San
Francisco, what appeared to be indisputable evi
dence to support their theory that the earth
quake was duo to a change in the mountains.
At the summit of the Sierra Morena Mountains,
near Stanford University, is an immense crev
ice in the earth, the appearance of which indi
cates that the range split at the top. the side
nearer the ocean falling toward the sea.
This crevice is at places from three to six
inches wide. It has been followed by geologists
tor more than four miles along the crest of the
range. At places the crack in the range is of
considerable depth, and at other points the evi
dences show that the parting of the great mass
of rock and earth was followed by a partial clos
ing of the gap. The split follows the line of the
range north and south, this being the general
direction of the earthquake shock.
John C. Branner, head of the department of
geology at Stanford University, has sent a num
ber of assistants into the field to make an ex
haustive study of all changes in the geological
A year ago Dr. Branner's class in geology
mapped the same region. Investigation now
shows that since that time the region west of
the crevice now appearing at «»e crest "J»he
range has fallen away toward the Pacific Ocean.
The sliding of such an immense body of rock and
earth would be sufficient, geologists say. to cause
such a shock as that of April IS.
TWO TELEPHONE SYSTEMS IN NEW YORK
would mean for business 4 nM>n /,, t l Y°, rt b??'jfsb ??'jfs d 5? "
suit, two 'bells to answer, two bills to pay.— Advt.
STANDARD OIL CO. ARRAIGNED
Its MethoJs Condemned by President Roosevelt and
VAST PROFITS FROM UNFAIR RATES.
Congress Asked to Increase Interstate Commerce Commission's Power — Cases To
Be Taken Up by Department of Justice — Oil Officials Deny Charges.
The report shows that the Standard Oil Com
pany has benefited enormously up almost to th*
present moment by secrst rates, many of these
secret rates being clearly unlawful. This benefit
amounts to at least thres quarters of a million
A vary striking result of the investigation has
been that shortly after the discovery of these
secret rates by the Commissioner of Corporations
the major portion of them were promptly cor
rected by the railroads, so that the most of them
have now been done away with.
The hands of the government have been great
ly strengthened in securing an effective remedy
by the recent decision of the Supreme Court in
the case instituted by the government against
the Tobacco Trust, which decision permits the
government to examine the books and records
of any corporation engaged in interstate com
But in addition to these secret rates the Stand
ard Oil profits immensely by open rates, which
are so arranged as to give it mn overwhelming
advantage over its independent competitors. The
refusal of the railroads in certain cases to pro
rate produces analogous effects. . . . The
granting to the government of the power to sub
stitute a proper for an improper rate is in very
many instances the only effective way in which
to prevent improper discriminations in rates.
OIL MEW'S DEFENCE.
Rogers and Archbold Say Standard
Has Done No Wrong.
Henry H. Rogers and John D. Archbold. of the
Standard Oil Company, last night stoutly de
fended the honesty and business methods of the
trust In a long reply to President Roosevelt's
message and the report of Commissioner Gar
field. The statement in full follows:
In the President's effort to secure the passage
of a bill enlarging the powers of the Interstate
Commerce Commission, and just and equitable
railway rates, we have precisely the same inter
est that any good citizen has. No more and
no less. Regarding his criticisms upon the man
agement of the railways, or his strictures upon
any acts of the Interstate Commerce Commis
sion, we have neither responsibility nor concern.
When, however, he or Commissioner Oarfleld at
tacks the Standard Oil Company and uses its
methods of doing business as an object lesson
for the purpose of promoting his views, we
protest. It may be frankly stated at the outset
that the Standard Oil Company has at all times,
within the limits of fairness and with due re
gard for the law, sought to secure the most ad
vantageous freight rates and - routes possible.
There will be no denial of this fact on our part.
The question Is whether we have at any point
violated the law or the proprieties.
The present inquiry grew out of a resolution
adopted by Congress a year ago upon motion
of Mr. Campbell, of Kansas, instructing the Sec-,
retary of Commerce and Labor to investigate
the oil business as carried on in this country.
We welcomed the investigation. When Commis
sioner Garfleld, In the discharge of his duty, vis
ited our office, he and his experts were given
free access to our books and the fullest oppor
tunity to ascertain the manner in which our
business was conducted. Frank disclosures of
all of our methods were made, and every criti
i cism offered by him was met with a candid ana
So conscious were we of our rectitude that
we repeatedly Importuned Mr. Garfield to make
public the conditions existing In Kansas, but
he refused. We proposed ourselves to answer
some of the unfair criticism upon the subject,
but refrained on Mr. Garfleld's advice, and on
his assurance that his report would present the
case fairly. It turned out that so far as Kansas
was concerned the state authorities abandoned
One does not care to bandy words with tne
President of the United States. It Is not easy
to differentiate between Mr. Roosevelt the Presi
dent and Mr. Roosevelt the individual. He has
given us of his advice most generously upon
every subject, from the size of our families to
the mistakes of the federal judges, and some
error Is Inevitable now and then to the most
conservative man under such circumstances.
""""STANDARD ADMITS no crime.
We say flatly that any assertion that the
Standard Oil Company has been or is now know
ingly engaged In practices which are unlawful
is alike untruthful and unjust. .
The Commissioner's report, upon which the
President's message is based, opens with the
statement that the manufacture of refined oil in
this country is about 2G.000.0U0 barrels annual
ly. It is unimportant, but It would neverthe
less have been fair for him to have stated that
over 15.000.000 barrels of this annual manu
facture is exported, and with its manufacture or
the price the American public is not interested.
He next calls attention to the fact that the
Standard Oil refineries are located nt centres of
distribution, while the independent refineries are
usually in the crude oil fields. This fact. If
borne steadily In mind, will answer very many
of the criticisms which he later Indulges In. He
charges that this location of refineries and the
natural advantages following It were obtained
by means of unfair competitive methods, but
beyond this mere assertion does not go into a
history or explanation of these alleged unfair
methods at all. He says the development of the
pine line system by the Standard Oil Company
was the result of special agreement with the
railroad companies. What this can mean is past
As a matter of fact, the development of the
pipe line system by the Standard Oil Company
was In the face of violent hostility on the part
of the railroads, which naturally were opposed
to the introduction of such means of transpor
tation At enormous cost and in the face of
standfast railway opposition, at an early date
tne landard O» Company adopted the pipe line
method for handling crude petroleum. The first
line was extended from th.* Western Pennsyl
vania oil fields to Bergen Point, on the Atlantic
coast. This line diverted an enormous amount
of freight from the railway companies, which
fact they did not view with complacency.
ALLEGED FAVORITISM DENIED.
Passing from this point. Commissioner Gar
field takes up the question of favoritism, which
he alleges has been shown by various railroad
corporations to the Standard Oil Company. The
first specific case of alleged discrimination to
which he directs attention Is In the New England
territory. It is charged that we enjoy a monop
oly In certain parts of that section because some
of the railroads there refuse to pro-rate. The
man who could be deceived by such a statement
must be pretty dense. First, if the New England
roads ought to pro-rate but refuse to do so. it
must occur to some one somewhere that perhaps
the New England roads and not the Standard
Oif Company are blameable. Second, ■ very
casual inquiry would show that the New Eng
land roads are simply doing what they aro
forced to do by natural conditions, and that Mr.
Continued on secaed pn«r«".
POLAND SPRING, SUMMER SEASON.
The Poland Spring House opens May 30th, *01
The Mansion House open throughout the year. A
special representative will remain at the Resort
Bureau. 3rd Floor N. E. Cor. B«r»y & 28th St.
(May 10th to tSth) to make engagement* and answer
It is unfortunately not true that the Stand W
Oil Company is the only great corporation wn,;i
in the immediate past has benefited and h «|
this moment benefiting, in wholly improper fain,
ion, by an elaborate series of rate discrimina
tions which permit it to profit both at the b*M
penes of its rivals and of the general public
The government should have power by bl
agents to examine into the conduct of tho rail?
way a— that is, the examiners under the direetlea* 1
of the Interstate Commerce Commission sh^.rf
bo able to examine ac thoroughly into tho sjpsi I
fairs of the railroads as bank examiners a*»J|
examine into the affairs of banks.
What is needed is the conferring upon ths|
commission of ample affirmative power, so oast* :
ferred as to make its decisions take effect a€
once, subject only to such action by tho court
as is demanded by the Constitution. . . . f>
am well aware that within the limits thus set \
the commission may at times be guilty of ln-«
justice: but far grosser and far more frequent
injustice, and injustice of a much more injurious I
kind, now results and must always result from
the failure to give the commission ample puiwsf
to act promptly and effectively within these
(From the President's Message transmlttiasj I
| to Congress Commissioner Garfleld's report. >
SENATE HITS STANDARD
Votes to Place Pipe Lines Under
Interstate Commerce Commission.
[Fron» The Tribune Bureau.]
Washington. May 4.— The President won S> j
great victory in the Senate to-day when thai;
body by unanimous vote adopted the Lodge
amendment placing the Standard Oil Company
under the supervision of the Interstate Com
merce Commission. The disclosures regarding
the methods of this concern had hardly been
revealed by the reading of the President's
message and the submission of the special
report on the operation of the Standard Oil
Company, prepared by Commissioner Garfleki
of the Bureau of Corporations, when the -^psitej
took favorable action on the Lodge amendment*
This amendment Is regarded as aimed cape
cially at the Standard Oil Company, and wilL it
is believed, operate largely to check the monop-.
oly hitherto enjoyed by this corporation. "Wtti*
the slight amendments matte by Mr. Lodge when
the provision was undejr, consideration to-day, it
provides that "any corporation or persons en
gaged in the transportation of oil or other com
modity exctpt water, or natural or artificial
gas. by means of pipe lines, or partly by pipe ;
lines and partly by railroad or partly by pip*
lines and partly by water." shall be subject to>
the provisions of the Interstate Commerce lav.
The Senate, after hearing the administration's
report on the operations of the Standard Ott
Company, adopted this amendment by a vots
of 73 to 0.
Working under the agreement reached last ■
week, the Senate rejected two amendments
offered by Senator Foraker whereby it was)
sought to eliminate from the provisions of the
Interstate Commerce act all corporations en
gaged in ttie "receipt, delivery and elevation**
of property transported and the "ventilation. re-» I
frigeratlon or icing" of such property. Aa j
amendment offered by Mr. McCumber providing; :
explicitly, that refrigerator, cold storage or other
freight cars, whether owned by the carrier or j
by other persons, shall be subject to the provi- j
sions of the Interstate Commerce act -was re- j
Jected and the consideration of an amendment j
offered by Senator Kittredge providing that ]
companies or persons owning, leasing, manag
ing or operating cars used in the transportation
of livestock and other property shall be deemed
common carriers within the meaning of the act
On the whole, the day's proceeding was per- I
functory, being rendered . so by ihe general I
knowledge of the fact that the Republican Sen- !
ators were on the eve of an agreement that j
would determine the character of the bilL There }
was an evident general disposition to await that
agreement, and an adjournment over to-morrow '■
was taken for the purpose of permitting it to
The Senate began its session by listening to>
the reading of the President's message. On ;
motion of Mr. Foraker, the message was ordered
to lie on the table.
In making the motion Mr. Forrker said: "It
coven nearly all the questions under considerar- !
tion In connection with the pending bill."
This action was followed by the adoption at
a resolution offered by Mr. Culberson directing- \
the Secretary of Commerce to forward to the \
Senate a copy of the full report of the Commis
sioner of Corporations, a summary only of which,
was transmitted In connection with the Presi
Especial Attention Drawn to Need
of Railroad Rate Reform.
The Senate and House of Representatives:
I transmit herewith a report by the Commis
sioner of the Bureau of Corporations in the
Department of Commerce and Labor on the
subject of transportation and freight rates in
connection with the oil Industry. The Investiga
tion, the results of part of which are summarized
in this report, was undertaken in accordance
with House Resolution 490. passed February ISC
1906. but for the reasons given In the report f
it has been more general and extensive U
was called for In the resolution itself.
I call your especial attention to the letter off |
transmittal accompanying and summarizing t
report: for the report Is of capital importar.
In view of the effort now being made to secu
such enlargement of the powers of the Int
state Commerce Commission us will confer upon
the commission power in some measure ad
quately to meet the clearly «l< | neoda
of the situation. The facts set forth in t:
To those who may be obliged to go to 9a n Fran
ctsco the famous 'Lake Shore Limited." 1 --living
New York by the New York Central at 5:» P. M.
•very day. affords the quickest time from Xer ;
York— ft> hours and 13 minutes, or four day a. Ussssssl
hours anil eighteen minutes.—
TWO TELEPHONE SYSTEMS IN NEW YORK'!
would mean for business men. two books to coy.
suit, two bells to answer, two bills to pay.— aj>l.