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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 07, 1906, Image 6

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ACADEMY OF MUSlC— «:l*— The Fit.
AUUMBRA- 3— B^-VaudevlHe. .--.«♦ '
BBLA6CO Girl of the Oold*» we»
MX*;— fc:lß~Tr.c Music Master
BROADWAY— «:IS— * • '* l ;,s*Xi af the California
Bmn Francisco Relief AosoclaUon. S. ttJSW
. B&n FtonclKO Relief Association. .
CASINO— B:IS— The Social Whirl.
g&gJ&fi^SS'a&tela ciln*-r a* th. Uttl.
Pother of the Wilderness.
EDES MUSE©- The World In TTax.
HIPPOPROMB-S-S-A Society .Ircus.
HUDSON— «:IS-^ The American Lord.
KVOKEnBOCKER- 0:15— Mile. Modiste.
SBERTY^IB^T?.e S«r«.rth Weak.
-,-,-_«-,, a -it The Lion and the Mouse.
tTRIC^W-ArS %"d the Man. precede* by Hw H.
M iJa&StwjSS OARDEX-AaTOtMn* Show.
S:ls— Harrrlar.d * .
M ANTHATTAX— S:»>--O-nrley*B Aunt.
KEW AMSTERDAM— « :15— the Free Lance.
NEW YORK-* :ls— The Rollicking Girl.
I>R'\rFP:-S 15 of Harvard.
WAJ.tJv^K := 2— &:ls— The. District leader.
•WEST EVD SIR— _____
Index to Adverttiementt.
Pa«r . Col I F«e. Col.
City Hotels nla *:::::>? I S^an^:::::.: f||
City Hotel* 11 BlPPoposalß 12 «
Cliv Prop " ty ... for n 4^^ . c . ..v.v.v-:f t-I
CW Proper for 4 gSJ^fe^f 7^
Country Property for Real Estate 11 *
Sale . 11 4 Restaurants » J
Dividend Notice*. ...10 1 FjvcUd Notices ' «
»cir. Bit* Wanted.. • 4-« Steamboats * «
Etnr.loyn.-t Airenr!««. • 1! Storage Notice 9 2
Ks.-'irs'liM II 8 Summer Resorts 11 8
Financial Meeting*.. lo 1 ! Surrogate' a Notices.. .ll »-«
Furnished Boon* t % , 'The Turf ■■■■■■■- f 8
L*. t • 1 Tribune Sub n Rates . . 6
Furnished Houses to (Trurt Companies. ....11 --3
Li-t rv>ur.try 11 4 Unfurnished Ar-art-
Help Wanted • 2 went to I*l 11 ■
Hotel* & Restaurants 8 6 ; Work Wanted 0 S-3
S&tthglirrkUatls STribtmr.
MONDAY, MAT 7, UK*?.
THE VEWB Tniß ifORV/VG.
FOREIGN.— French elections as far as
announced indicate a victory for the govern
ment, few changes having been made In the
Chamber of Deputies; a number of second bal
lots will be necessary at Paris; no disorder
attended the voting at the capital. ===== A bomb
was thrown at the carriage of Governor General
Doubassoff of Moscow while he was being driven
to the palace; he was slightly wounded and an
ail and a eentry were killed. = Plans for
the opening of the Russian Parliament have
been completed; good hopes are entertained of
a peaceful arrangement of the matters at issue
between the Crown and the people. ■ - ■ A force
of 1,000 Zulus attacked a British column near
the grave of Cetewayo; Bixty Zulus were killed;
the British had three men wounded. ==== Pub
lic sentiment In Newfoundland is said to be
strongly in favor of Premier Bond's bill restrict
ing the operations of American fishermen. — 1
Sharp actions continue in Macedonia between
Turkish and Bulgarian bands.
DOMESTIC— In a letter to the. legislative
committee of the Pennsylvania State Grange
President Roosevelt again declared his approval
«f the Allison amendment to the Hepburn Rat©
bill. - a letter of Postmaster General Cor
tclyou recommending to Congress the creation
of a commission to consider a revision of the
laws governing second class mail matter was
made public at Washington. ===== Latest re
ports said the battleship Rhode Island was still
ashore at York's Split. Va., and in danger of
serious injury. ===== Secretary Taft placed
SSOOOOO of the Congressional relief fund at the
disposal of General Greely In San Francisco,
unneeded supplies to that value being returned
to the War Department. == Colonel Henry H.
Adams was operated on for gangrene at his
summer home, at Belle Haven. Conn.; his leg
was amputated above the knee. ===== The Cath
olic clergy in Indianapolis were annoyed by an
endless prayer chain. = The Jersey City
Chief of Police stopped a Sunday baseball game,
In which the visiting team was from Buffalo,
after one inning on each side had been played.
CITY. — Edwin W. Clark, a retired cotton
broker, committed suicide at his home in the
Hotel Marseille. == It was learned that an at
tack of tonsllltis had prevented Mark Twain
from leaving town for his summer vacation on
Saturday. ■■ William T. Hornaday, director
of the Bronx Zoological Garden, who was op
erated on for mastoidltis, was pronounced out of
danger. - Charles W. Morse caused the ar
rest of ex- Assemblyman Patrick Roche, charg
ing him with being insane; the case was heard
in the Yorkville court, and Roche was dis
charged. ===== Saloons and hotels throughout
the city were wide open and drinks were often
sold without a meal or sandwich. -t About
two hundred thousand persons who went to
Coney Island found transit conditions bad be
yond all precedent, and small riots at the sta
tions ensued. ■ Four men were cent to th*
hospital after a fight over transfers on a car in
Flushing. . It was announced that the new
Book of Common Worship of the Presbyterian
Church was ready for distribution. = An
automobile at White Plains ran into and killed a
team of horses.
THE WEATHER.— lndications for to-day
Fair and cooler. The temperature yesterday
Highest, 66 degrees; lowest, 56.
We desire to remind our readers who are
about to leave the city that The Tribune trill
be tent by mail to any address in this country
or abroad, and address changed as often a*
desired. Subscriptions may be given to your
regular dealer before leaving, or, if more con
venient, hand them in at The Tribune Office.
Bee opposite page for subscription rates.
BARGAINS IN POWER.
Most of the companies which have been or
ganized primarily to furnish electricity for pur
poses of illumination aim to sell what vbey cm
for power also. Yet doubts are expressed by
"The Electrical World" about the thoroughness
with which the campaign is conducted for cer
tain classes of patronage.
The demand for current fluctuates greatly
within every period of twenty-four hours. It
Is greatest just after nightfall, remains fairly
Steady for two or three hours at least, and then
declines gradually. In small cities the subsi
dence begins earlier than in large ones, but the
range of the variation is practically the same.
If a diagram were drawn to illustrate the phe
nomenon, It would show a marked elevation at
the point corresponding to early evening. Hav
ing such a figure in mind, electricians speak of
this crest as the "peak." The fact for which
the phrase stands has been a source of unend
ing anxiety to them for years. When the requi
sition made on steam engines is reasonably uni
form at all hours of the day and night, the eon-
Gumption of fuel is much lower a horsepower
than when it is irregular. To some extent the
peak has been smoothed by the introduction of
lasge storage batteries, but It has not been elim
inated, and is now almost as wasteful as ever.
Even when otherwise welcome patronage from
factories in the daytime lias been secured, It
often happens that the requirements for this
service overlap those for lighting, thus aggra
rating instead of relieving the trouble
Manifestly, then, it would be commercially ad
vantageous to obtain a larger amount of "non
peak" business, and to offer special induce
ments in the way of rates. "The Electrical
World" mentions a few kinds of work which
It should be feasible to perform outside of rush
hours. One is the charging of the cells of elec
tric automobiles. Another is the operation of
the motors which drive mechanical refrigerat
ing apparatus. It is suggested, furthermore,
that the managers of mills which rely on the
lighting companies for power could be per
suaded to stop running an hour earlier than
at other times in winter, in order to keep clear
of the crisis. Precedents for such an arrange
ment have already been afforded in Montreal,
end It is extremely probable that the plan
would prove popular in many other places. It
Is to these and similar possibilities that our
contemporary directs the attention of central
station managers. The subject deserves the
consideration of consumers of power as well.
It is always cheaper to produce wholesale than
Id limited quantities. This alone is a reason for
buying from a company which generates elec
tricity on a big scale. If, In addition, particu
larly favorable terms can be secured, on condi
tion that the current shall be used at any time
during the twenty-four hours except in the
evening, the opportunity should be coveted the
more eagerly. Chances like these ought to be
available In hundreds of small cities in the
United States.
Hie chief drawback to the plan, from the
point of view of the station manager, is that
be cannot easily prevent an evasion of contract
by the consumer. It would hardly pay to em
ploy an inspector to visit the patron's premises
to make sure that consumption was not un
duly prolonged. The result could, no doubt, be
attained automatically by a combination of
switch and clock. "The Electrical World," in
referring to the adoption of such an expedient,
betrays misgivings about its cost, but we doubt
if these are fully justified. It apr»ears probable
that when once Inventive ingenuity was fairly
concentrated on the problem apparatus would be
produced which would be both inexpensive and
trustworthy.
REPUBLIC A V PROSPECTS.
With good reason Governor Higgins may say
that the political situation in New York State
from the point of view of Republicans is "more
satisfactory than it was six months ago." The
state administration in that time has made an
exceptionally good record and impressed every
body with its thorough devotion to the best in
terests of the people. Last year's election,
coming Just at the height of the agitation over
insurance abuses, gave the Hearst party an un
rivalled opportunity to register in their behalf
every protest, whether against machine politics,
business abuses, Tammany administration, labor
conditions or transit shortcomings. The re
sult was a vote which unsettled politicians and
people. But six months have served to quiet
many nerves, to bring many persons to a juster
view of conditions, to demonstrate anew that the
Republican party is qualified for constructive
statesmanship and can be trusted to safeguard
public interests much better than those whose
only capacity for administration is shown by
self advertisement nnd a taste for being uncom
monly extreme and incendiary in their fault
finding. Last year the wave of socialistic ex
periment was strong in Chicago, and Chicago's
example was potent here. Now there is failure
and disappointment there and little Incentive
for New Yorkers to take the same difficult road
toward the solution of traction pi-obleins.
When a Democratic newspaper like "The New-
York World," despite its opposition to some of
the most important acts of the Legislature, tells
its readers that "the record of the present Leg
"islature is the best that this political generation
"has known," the acknowledgment is of great
significance. That verdict is substantially rati
fied by other leading Democratic and indepen
dent newspapers. Usually each legislature Is
the worst ever known, according to the opposi
tion press. When an administration succeeds in
wringing unwilling praisJe from Its opponents
the people, without regard to party, have a right
to trust it, and the party In power has a right
to look for the favor of the voters. The Re
publican administration In the state has "made
good." It has attended strictly to the people's
business while that business was pending, and
has refused to be diverted from the work of se
curing good and avoiding bad legislation to ln
dulpre in sensational outside performances, bow
ever plausibly urged. Believing, as we do, that
the voters of this state are by a large majority
sane, hard headed men, who, at least after they
have had time to think about It, can tell gold
from tinsel in character, we a*e confident that
the sound, conscientious work in the discharge
of public duty done by the Republican adminis
tration in the last six months will appeal to
them next November more powerfully than all
the clamor and reckless promises of either wing
of the Democracy.
By that we do not mean that the party can
afford to rest on Its oars. It cannot. We are
iii a critical time, with a spirit of dangerous un
rest to face, nnd. as the Governor says, "there
is still room for improvement" in the party sit
uation. But we do mean that a good start has
been made and that Republicans have rea
son to take up their task with confidence. Hard
and faithful work must be done to organize ef
fectively for the campaign, to expose the shams
and dangers of the policies preached for the
delusion of the people and to continue the pro
gramme of correcting public abuses. A summer
of 6ucn effort, we believe, will surely carry the
Republican party to another victory.
ANOTHER "THREE R'S" tV SCHOOL.
It is a noteworthy coincidence that Just as the
dominant party in British politics is moving for
the elimination of ecelesiaßticlsra and the ad
vance of secularism in the common schools of
England a 6trong interdenominational move
ment should bo developed here for the introduc
tion of religious teaching into the public schools
of New York. We cannot ignore the authority
nor doubt the sincerity and benevolence of the
company of clergymen who the other day dis
cussed this subject, and expressed themselves
strongly in favor of having, by state enactment,
one afternoon a week sot apart for religious
instruction in the schools. Those gentlemen were
widely representative of Jew and Gentile, Cath
olic and Protestant, Episcopal and Independent,
and we have no doubt that they represent, too,
a considerable and most respectable public sen
timent. There are many thoughtful men and
women who regard with apprehension the widely
prevailing and, they fear, Increasing irreverence,
lawlessness and, Indeed, actual viciousness
among school children, nnd not a few of these
are inclined to seek a remedy in the introduc
tton of religious teaching. As one of the mem
bers of that conference neatly expressed it, there
seems to them a need that the schools shall teach
not only the old "three It's" of reading, 'riting
and 'rlthmetie, but also the other three of rev
erence, righteousness and responsibility.
There will be little dispute, we think, as to the
desirability of that end. The question is one of
the menus by which It is to be attained. That
the boys— and girls, too — of to-day are too often
irreverent in speech and manner, regardless of
the comforts and rights of others, and insubordi
nate ■gainst legitimate authority is painfully
apparent. We do not refer alone to such young
Hooligans as were arrested last week and
punished for criminal rowdyism in elevated rail
road trains, though. Indeed, they and many more
like them are students in the public schools.
But upon the better class residence streets and
in the parks may be found boys belonging to well
to do and cultivated families who in their games
scream out all manner of profanities, exnlt in
annoying passersby and exhibit defiance toward
law and order. Granted that much of this is
pure thoughtlessness. Thoughtless habit uncor
rected often becomes fixed and incorrigible. It
is not creditable that children should be permit
ted, even thoughtlessly, to commit such excesses.
It is not possible to view without grave concern
the possibility that such habits will endure in
maturer life.
Home influences and parental discipline should
no doubt correct the evil. But they do not,
and w« are for<*ed to the conclusion that In
many cases those are negligible factors, if not
actually infinitesimal. Parents, for the rake of
their own comfort, object to their children play
ing the Hooligan In their own dooryards, but
let them go down the street and annoy other
people without hindrance or reproof, while for
an outraged neighbor to undertake the work of
correction or even to complain of the nulwane©
is Imperiously rasented in the tone of "My child
can do no wrong!" Nor are there lacking those
among otherwise intelligent and reasonable men
and women who practically disclaim responsibil
ity for their children's couduct, They send tuew,
NEW-YORK DAIIiY TKTRrXR MONDAY. MAY 7. lOOfi.
they say, to school five days a week snd to Sun
day school on Sunday, and it Is the business of
those institutions to teach them everything.
Why should they pay taxes for the support of
the schools if the father must stay home from
the races or the club and the mother from the
matinee or the bridge party to teach their chil
dren themselves?
Despite the need, however, there will be a
widespread doubt of the wisdom of seeking to
supply It in the way these clergymen have sug
gested. Tho Introduction of anything like eccle
siastical or sectarian teaching into the public
schools — even if the people should permit it,
which we have no idea they would would
bear with it a menace of mischief which these
very men would be the first to deplore: and the
practicability of having religious instruction
given in the schools without danger of sec
tarian propaganda is scarcely to be conceded.
Reverence for those things which the best gen
eral sentiment of mankind holds worthy of rev
erence, righteousness, in cleanliness of speech
and tboucrht and honesty of conduct, and respon
sibility, in regard for law and lawful authority,
should be taught. we believe, in the schools, as
well as in the home. But we are also persuaded
that they would best be taught, not by special
teachers in special services. Jiut by the regular
teachers throughout all the "ordinary exercises;
and we «re inclined to think that effort would
most profitably be made toward that end by
securing for all schools teachers who would exert
such influences, and by arousing among parents
a realization of the duty which rests upon them
of at least actively co-operating with the schools
in the right training of their children.
THE OASOLES'E NUISANCE.
Mr. Sidney Colvin's vigorous attack in the
London "Times" upon the noise, smoke and
stench of many motor vehicles of the gasolene
or petrol type, which we quoted the other day.
has elicited many sympathizing utterances and
may Indeed prove to have started an effective
movement for the suppression of the nuisances
of which be complained. Even those who take
exception to some of his more vehement Ptate
ments agree with him on the general issue,
some of the most enthusiastic motorists say
ing frankly that the noise and smoke of such
vehicles can and should be prevented, and that
their prevention 6hould be required by law
under strict penalties.
Thus Mr. Henry Norman, M. P., who con
fesses himself "an enthusiastic motorist" and
who is chairman of the Parliamentary com
mittee on cabs and omnibuses in London, re
peats and emphasizes bis recent declarations
In "The Fortnightly Review" to the effect that
the emission of smoke from automobiles is un
necessary and Intolerable, and is due to either
faulty construction or Incompetent driving, and
that noise is also avoidable, and public vehicles
making an intolerable noise should have their
licenses revoked. (Why not private vehicles,
also? Some of the worst offenders hero are
of that class.) Mr. Norman adds the sensible
demand that there should be no indulgence in
an orgy of nuisances during the "experimental
stage of this interesting invention, but that
from the first a certain standard of public com
fort should be inflexibly maintained.
We have no doubt the nuisances to which
Mr. Colvin called attention will soon be sup
pressed in London. Are we prepared to con
fess that "they order this matter better" over
there than we do or apparently can here?
A YEW ANTARCTIC PROJECT.
Lieutenant Michael Barne, a member of tha
British Antarctic expedition of 1901-'O4, Is de
sirous of conducting further explorations in
tho southern hemisphere, and Is now seeking
financial support for the enterprise from his
follow countrymen. He has found a sponsor
In Sir Clement Markham, who recently retired
from the presidency of the Royal Geographical
Society, and who has always felt a lively inter
est In this kind of research. Sir Clement out
lines the project in the London "Times" iv
terms which show both his faith in the fitness
of Lieutenant Barue for leadership and his be
lief in the importance of the work itself.
In almost the same longitude with Cape Horn
there is what appears to be a peninsula, ex
tending northward from the Antarctic conti
nent. Around the tip of it are numerous isl
ands; one group, the South Shetland^, lies just
below the 60th parallel of latitude. To the
eastern coast of the peninsula Swedish ex
plorers have given the name King Oscar II
Land. On the opposite side the northernmost
portion is called Graham Land, and a limited
region a little further to the southwestward
has been designated Alexander I Land. The
object of Lieutenant Barne's quest is to dis
cover whether or not there is a passage from
one side to the other which separates Graham
Land from the rest of the continent. A suspi
cion that Louis Philippe Land, which hns been
regarded as an extension of the mainland, might
not really be such existed at one time. To as
certain its truth or falsity was one of the pur
poses of Dr. Otto Nordensklold in visiting that
neighborhood in 1902. He entered Orleans In
let, between Louis Philippe Land and Graham
Land, and endeavored to circumnavigate th"
former. A substantial barrier was presented
by a mountainous ridge which connects the two
tracts, and thus all doubts were effectually dis
posed of. It la equally desirable in the inter
ests of geographical accuracy to determine
whether or not Graham Land is an island.
It will be seen at a glance that the scope of
Lieutenant Barne's inquiry i« much more lim
ited than that of the expedition with which he
was connected in lfli)l-'O4. Then the coast line
for one whole quadrant of the Antarctic conti
nent was examined by Captain Scott, who also
made extensive sledge Journeys into the in
terior. However, special study of important
details of the continental outline is also re
quired. A good deal of work of this kind is
needed in the Antarctic regions, and one rea
son for hoping that Lieutenant Barne can raise
the money he wants is that his sueee-ds will
make it easier for other men to carry through
similar ventures.
BPAIVB XEW TARIFF*
Spain, as a part of her commercial and indus
trial renascence since the American war, has
Just promulgated a new tariff. In fact, it was
announced and its terms were made known more,
than a month ago. The month of April was
designated as a period in which anybody inter
ested might lodge protests against the changes
made, which the government would consider,
though it would not. of course, be bound to act
upon them In any way. All the protests which
will be received are therefore now In hand, and
the government is diligently considering them.
For two months it will bold them under advise
ment, and then, on July 1. with such changes, if
any, as the government sees fit to make la re
sponse to the protests, the new law will become
operative.
The tariff Is emphatically protective In char
acter. There are two scales of rates: One for
all countries which give to Spain their lowest
rates, nnd the other £or all the rest Even in
the former there are some notable increases of
rate. Thus typewriting machines, which now
pay about $1 80 for each kilogram of weight,
will have to pay $2 90. That will mean $45 on
each machine of the standard type, which will
be almost prohibitive. The reason doubtless Is
that a large manufactory of such machines Is
belug established at Barcelona and the govern
nient means to protect it. Factories of eleb
trlcal machinery and supplies have al«o been
started, and they also are to be protected with
high tariff rates. Automobiles, which Spain is
beginning to manufacture, will be taxed nearly
twice 03 heavily as at present.' the rates In the
new law being from $270 to $886 and upward
on each machine, according to size. On the
other hand, there will be marked reductions in
the duties which are now being levied on Amer
ican lubricating oils, canned meat*, sewing ma
chines and some other things. America Is not
one of the most favored nations, and therefore
will have to pay the higher of tho two scales,
but some of our chief competitors are In the
same category.
It will be interesting to observe the effect of
this lnw upon the rising industries of Spain. It
Is also of interest to observe that Spanish fiscal
statesmen do not believe In permanently "stand
ing pat," but have provided in this law that
there shall be another every five years hereafter
to meet the changing conditions of industry and
eommesce.
MONEY A\D BI7SISEBB.
Seldom have traders In the stock market ex
pressed so much inability to explain the course
of prices as last week. Usually there are many
reasons given for each movement, and equally
positive prognostications regarding the future,
with full explanations therefor. But the recent
decline appears to have puziled all who failed
to realize that the advance of the sixty most
active railway securities to $12099 last Janu
ary, the highest point on record. In the face of
approaching stringency In the money market,
contained elements of speculative inflation that
might prove dangerous. Yet the decline aver
aged only $11 a share, and was distributed
over so long a period that nothing In th© nature
of a panic occurred, although the reaction would
have been much more violent If outsiders had
responded extensively to the invitation to oper
ate early in the year. Any such heavily mar
gined account as existed when the high record
was established In 1901 would have produced
disastrous results, but the forced selling came
principally from strong syndicates and pools
that were able to dispose of their holdings
gradually. Although money market conditions
dominated speculation, there were several other
adverse factors, notably anxiety regarding the
Garneld report and tho President's message,
but, as usual, when the worst was known, tho
market recovered, and the prospect of resumption
of anthracite mining caused a strong closing.
Stringency has continued In the money mar
ket, call rates touching 12 per cent and aver
aging about 6 per cent for the week, despite ex
tensive liquidation of securities and liberal re
ceipts of gold from abroad. Although the pri
mary cause of higher rates for money was the
heavy movement to San Francisco, other ele
ments have contributed. In view of the large
amount of specie that has come from Europe and
the extent to which the operation was facilitated
by the Secretary of the Treasury, it is becom
ing evident that serious monetary pressure
would have occurred but for the government aid.
which was greeted at the time with so much
criticism. In relation to the scarcity of money. It
is somewhat Interesting to note that the offi
cial report of the total amount In circulation on
May 1 showed a large rise above all previous
records, to $32 22 for each Inhabitant, despite
an increase in tha estimated population to 84,
428,000. Of course, the chief gain In the
month of April was supplied by Imports ot fold,
although banknote circulation rose slightly, ex
change rates declined still further as the local
money market attracted offerings of finance
bills, and all recent International operations sug
gest a question as to when and how these loans
will be met.
Fundamental business conditions have been
Improved still farther by Increased conserva
tism as to speculative undertakings. The vol
ume of legitimate trade of all kinds has not suf
fered, except In so far aa tight money has In
creased requests for extension of time In mer
cantile settlements. This Is sn element of the
situation that cannot be measured, and may do
nn ultimate harm. To judge by tho latest state
ment, there has been no Increase of bankruptcies
thus far, a long period of prosperity having put
most concerns in position to give their customers
a little more time. Numerous small strikes were
started on May 1, the only one of consequence
being the longshoremen's difficulty at lower lake
ports. While this would be a serious matter
if continued for any length of time, it is
understood that Mr. Gompers will arbitrate on
May 15. Among the minor strikes, the few dis
putes of more than local consequence were in
various branches of the Iron and eteel industry,
and only involve a few thousand men In the
aggregate.
Speculative operations In cotton tended to
strengthen quotations, and there was the fur
ther support of liberal consumption by spinners,
hut prices had to contend with fairly good
sized .storks in all positions and estimates
pointing toward a largely increased crop this
season, provided future weather conditions are
satisfactory. The Norden estimate, which is en
titled to confidence in view of pr-vloua accuracy.
Indicated an acreage of more than thirty-one
million, and several other statements sug
gested an increase of 5 per cent compared with
last year's figures. It is evident that planters
are not following the advice to restrict produc
tion, which Is not surprising in view of the fact
that quotations have been averaging almost four
cents a pound more than they did a year ago.
Indications promise lhat exports wiW fall about
a million bales short of the previous crop year,
but with the higher prices there should be little
difference in value. Wheat has had to contend
with the Interruption to movement on the lakes,
which naturally increases the cost to exporters,
while at the Northwest consumption by the
flour mills has decreased considerably, although
it is still larger than at the same time in 1905.
Most of the strikes In progress affect the lead
ing manufacturing industry, but thus far no
serious restriction of output has occurred. It may
prove that the movement of iron ore Is seriously
disturbed, and Including all strike influences
it is practically certain that the output of blast
furnaces in May will fall behind recent high rec
ords. Footwear factories have not receded from
the strong position recently attained, no diffi
culty being experienced In obtaining full quota
tions, which maintains the markets for leather
and hlaea, all being at about the highest point
of the season. Cotton mills report quiet condi
tions ac to new business, but the primary mar
kets are firm, and there is enough work in sight
to keep machinery actively engaged. Some
disappointment Is expressed regarding the num
ber of buyers in attendance at the sale of wash
fabrics, but liberal orders were placed, and the
general position of jobbers is strengthened by
the knowledge that retailers throughout the
country are not carrying excessive storks. The
new heavyweight season for woollens Is slowly
opening, and the attitude of clothiers will soon
be known, but In so far as prices are concerned
the position of Western wool growers promises
no relief, as they are asking about two cents
above a parity with Eastern markets.
With the return of warm weather, talk of
ventilating and cooling the subway la renewed.
It might be well, while striving to purify the air
from unavoidable contamination, also to pro
tect It from needless and preventable contami
nation.
No arguments were too puerile for the trap
rock Senators to use against the WainwrJght
bill for the preservation of Hook Mountain, but
perhaps their weakest was the allegation that
the bill was drawn In the Interest of the mill
ionaires who own estates In the neighborhood.
One of the provisions of the bill, now In 'the
har.ds of the Governor. Is that the quarry prop,
ertles whose owners are destroying the moun
tain shall be purchased by private subscription
and made a part of the State Palisades Park.
Of course, the wealthy property owners In (oat
district win profit in an sMthctte eecse. IT not
pecuniarily, by the preservation of thto splen
did promontory; but their profit is that of the
public, which has more benefit from the trans
action than the few who win main It posslbla
by their contributions. If the Intent of these
residents had been only to purchase the quar
ries and hold them as 'private property, they
would have deserved well of their neighbors, as
does the rich amateur who buys -a beautlfal
work of art and admits the public to his pal
lery: but when th« possession of great -wealth
enables the rich to hand over to their fellow
citizens as a free gift a whole landscape, as It
were, of great beauty and worth, the service
Is one not easily to be measured.
Over in Jersey City landlords have t»» take
the roofs off to evict tenants. Even that may
fall In these pleasant days of May. Ireland Is
not the only country where eviction Is a matter
of difficulty.
M. Planfion Is reported to have disagreed
with Director Conried us to the value of his ser
vices. With two Richmonds In the operatic
field, the operatic artist can now afford to stand
by his own opinion of his value — at least until
he hears from the other Richmond.
The nations have a sort of fellowship In beer-
Ing the "white man's burden." British South
Africa Is bothered with the Zulus. German
Southwest Africa Is Involved In a tedious war
with the Hottentots. Holland's Acheen war
drags on toward Its half century, and America
now and then has to suppress some obstreperous
outlaws In the Philippines.
PERSONAL.
Professor A. B. Macallutn. of Toronto University,
has been elected a member of the Royal Bodety of
London. In 1884 he became a fellow of Toronto
University, lecturing In physiology; in 1891 he was
appointed professor of physiology in the medical
faculty, and tn 1892 he took the professorship ot
physiology in the arts faculty. Re has made physi
ology a life study and has applied himself more
particularly to that phase of the science which
deals with cell life. Here he has thrown much
light upon the subject as a result of his observa
tions, and has gained wide celebrity In his de
partment of effort.
Chicago has a new official, and one that seems
to be needed everywhere. Mayor Dunne has ap
pointed F. L- Schwlndeler as tiae official "mine of
Information." Mr. Schwindeler Is expected to be
prepared to answer all questions put by eltlasns,
from the price of a dog license to the date of the
installation of municipal streetcars,
"It will probably surprise many people to know."
says "The Dundee Advertiser." "that there are at
least fifteen groups tn the House of Commons
which have separate organisations. First, of
course, there are the "Liberals without adjectives."
Then there are the Conservatives, under Mr. Sal
four's leadership; the Liberal Unionists, who follow
Mr. Chamberlain; the Free Trade Unionists, who
regard the Duke of Devonshire as their chief, and
the Irish Orangemen, who have Colonel Baunder
son as chairman. The Irish Nationalists, of course,
follow Mr. Redmond, 'while the 'Welsh members
look to Sir A. Thomas when they are acting to
gether, and mc3t of th* Scottish liberal members
to Mr. Cromble, who was elected chairman only a
few days ago. Leaving national groups, we nave
the Labor members, under Mr. Kelr Hardle. and
then the Trade Union members, led by Mr. Enocn
Edwards. Very shortly we may have a third Labor
party, but this will concern Itself with Scottish
questions only. Besides all these we have Advanced
Radicals, under the leadership of Sir Charles Dilke;
a Liberal Agriculturist group, under Mr. Charming;
friends of India, under Mr. Schwann: Service mem
bers, under Colonel Long, and medical members.
under Sir W. Foster."
Dr. W. J. Goodbue. medical superintendent of
the leper settlement at Molokal, has written a let
ter to a friend In Toronto, saying that he has dis
covered the germ of leprosy In the mosquito and In
vermin. Dr. Goodhue was born at Habaskaville.
Quebec, October 8, ISO, and Is a personal friend ef
Sir Wilfrid Laurler.
W. D. Johnson, who has filled In the late labor
Ministry of West Australia the posts of Colonial
Treasurer. Minister of Public Works, Minister of
Water Supply and Acting Premier, is to resume his
trade of carpenter at KaSgoorlle.
Sir Ralph Payne-Oalwey, a baronet of York
shire. England, is believed to be the best archer
In Europe. He has frequently shot an arrow a
quarter of a mile and struck the centre of the
target.
Mrs. Louisa N. Bullard has given the Harvard
Medical School $50,000 to establish a chair of neuro
pathology.
THE TALK OF THE DAY.
Some queer recent Judicial decisions In Victoria
are mentioned in the Australian "Review of Re
views."' A man who embenled some money from a
bank has received a sentence of nearly three years*
imprisonment, while a man who murdered b!s
mother by stabbing her to the heart received, only
one year, and another man who shot his sister and
killed her was sentenced to only two years, and
immediately after that a man who wrote a letter
to another man threatening to kill him received
three yearn' imprisonment.
She Jilted him. but he could not
Forget her: no, poor man.
The girts he'd made her be had bought
On the Instalment plan.
—Boston Transcript.
The largest mass of Ice In the world Is the one
which nearly nils the interior of Greenland, where
It has accumulated from time whence the memory
of man runneth not to the contrary. It is believed
now to form a block about 600,000 square miles In
erea and averaging a mile and a half in thick
ness. According to these statistics the lump of Ice
Ir larger in volume than the whole body of water
In the Mediterranean.
SOME! HONORABLE INTENTIONS.
When I get time, and running slick
Are all my mental wheels,
I shall invent a perfume squirt
For gasoleneobiles.
I mean to make when I get time*
A neat cash register
For husbands' trousers' pockets to
Protect his coin from— Her.
And then a slot machine where one
Can get, for a small sum.
A quick divorce, as one can get
A piece of chewing gum.
—Boston Transcript.
On the window of a London dentist's aapeara
the announcement. "Teeth extracted wltfe great
pains. " He offers a novelty. Most dentists' adver
tisements are leas truthful.
THE FISHERMAN'S TROUBLKS.
Trouble Is. "bout flshuV.
In the shade or shine.
When a feller falls asleep
Catfish Jerks his line!
Jest when he's a-dreamtn'
'Side his Jug an' oup.
Sure to hear a fat perch say:
"Time to pull me up!"
That's the way the world goes.
Brethren, day by day;
Soon as you find happiness
It's time to break away.
—Atlanta Constitution*
Dean Shaler ot Harvard once took an Interest tn
a lively young undergraduate tn danger of expul
sion for his revelry. Through the dean's sympathy
the lad escaped on probation, and came nut all
right in the end. but. to the dean's astonishment
and amusement, the young man's father railed
upon him one day and. by way of grateful ac
knowledgment of the dean's kindness, presented
him with two bottles of fine old Irish whiskey!—
which are said to have been kept as trophies end
further seasoned for some years In a drawer near
the dean's desk. The sense of the "frtneos of
things" is omitted in some men's make-up.
In Hard Luck. -One roan had Just told the story
Involving a suggestion to the conductor of a alow
train to take tho cowcatcher off the locomotive
and attach It to the rear of the train, on the theory
that the train couldn't possibly run over a cow
and that a cow might stray Into the rear door off
the last coach snd bite the passengers If not re
strained by a cowcatcher.
-I saw a man run down by a locomotive once,"
maid a melancholy stranger. "I was on the road
from Carbondale to BftigcL At Ricbiand one mast
decided to get off the tram and walk. He had
proceeded about fifteen miles when the train over
took him. He was knocked down, and the train, in
a leisurely sort of a fashion, proceeded to run
over him. The man spoke a few words, and ex
pressed the wish that *.<•» acoidsnt insurance that
he carried b« given to his sweetheart But the
poor girl never got the money. Before the engine
got up to the man's knees rheumatism set tn, and
the poor fellow died a natural death. It being an
accident policy, the girl couldn't collect the money."
-Kansas City Sw
XORTHAArPTOYS TAXES.
Side Lights on the Question, 4 Pub
lic and Private Qxncrship.
Northampton. EaglasS. April M.
Bomo of th* oldest Baalish towns have teas
the least progressive tn municipal work* :; 0 -is"
ampton'ji earliest charters were granted t7H>-*
ry II and Richard Co»ur de Lion: bat It* «rtaa»
could be traced beyond the Saxon chronic!-.^
British legends. A stronghold of the - 11t j,,,_;
barons. It witnessed the passage of ercSTfv*
revels of court and th» assembling 0: tz:£
ment*; and In the fulness of time It was om*
verted Into the most Radical constituency
England, with Bradlaugh and Laboucher* th*
chosen advocates and champions of the tree,
thinking shoemakers. Yet with stagnant e<
servatlsm It has offered resistance to the tern.
dencl«* of collectivism in local administration
which have changed the order of raunictpmlinl
In other towns, It has had so many munlchS
traditions from a hoary antiquity that It has
lacked the energy required for keeping abreast
with the modern activities of democracy ia"tt»»
centres of population. Like other historic towns
—Winchester. Exeter, Norwich. Shrewsbury aad
Reading among them— lt has been content win
keeping the record of its past greatness, aad has
neglected opportunities for Investing capital hi
collectivlst industries and creating a new c v
of municipal socialism.
It can hardly be expected that the Nadeael
Civic Association's commission from America
can make a comprehensive report on mtaucfcal
ownership in the United Kingdom after aa ta
vestlgmtlon of the comparative results m a fey
cities where the gas, electric lighting and tram
way services are conducted either by the local
authorities or by private companies. By select-
Ing instances In which a plant of n\ mill— j
excellence Is operated with skill and eceaoai
the commission will subject public and private
ownership to a practical test: and It wffl hm
a basis for comparison between British and
American administration on the two sssssOsj
details of cheapness and efficiency In haiiila,i
services. This will be a valuable contrlbotloa to
the economics of local government: bat the com
mission, even with the aid of accompßabat ex
perts, engineers and accountants, was sjstasy
have touched the fringe c? a great subject Oaly
three public services In a few cities of large sep.
ulation will have been taken up. and many as»
pecta of local government will have barn atgtaat.
Ed altogether. Some of these aspects X have seal
endeavoring to present In a fair witi^mi way by
making a special study of municipal aftalsls
tratlon In a few towns which the comnlasloa
Is not visiting.
In Northampton, for example. the rsi|imsllisi
has owned the markets, cemeteries aad watsr
supply. has conducted public baths and estab
lished a free library and museum, and has ex
perimented with sewage farms and refuse de*
structors; but It has not gone Into municipal In
dustries on a large scale. Gas and electricity
have remained in private hands, and. while a few
miles of tramway have been operated by the
municipality. It Is only a short time since as
electric service has been substituted tor horse
traction. This belated Introduction d shit tiki
railways for a town of over 90.000 population.
surrounded with Industrial villages end soburbs.
seems a meagre result from the America* point
of view. In America private enterprise has sup
plied much larger facilities and quite as chess
transit for towns of the same population. la
the United Kingdom as a whole there Is en
aggregate mileage of 2,100 against 19,000 la
America; and when New York or Chicago Is
compared with London, or Boston with Man-
Chester, or others towns of about the same pop
ulation are pitted against each other, the ad
vantage Is heavily in favor of America In cheap
ness of fares for long distances. In general effi
ciency of plant and In public convenience. Is
this respect Northampton and other nirlsst
towns like those I have classed with It are be
hind the times In comparison with American
cities. In electrio lighting and gas services they
are equally backward.
If efficiency and cheapness have been sacri
ficed by conservatism, has there been any gain
in civic economy? Are the rates lower hi
consequence of a shrinkage of investments la
municipal services? Lower, certainly, than la
Norwich or TVblverhampton, of which I have is*
cently been writing: but high In comjarisoa
with towns in the North, where profitable
niclpal services are conducted and the rates ma
terially lowered by them. Northampton reeelvM
from markets and rentals profits equivalent te
about 5 pence in relief of local taxation, and ths
rate remains above Bs. «d. Taxation Is high I
cause pauperism Is a heavy burden, steadily in
creasing in weight, and also because the educa
tional expenses have been expanding since tie
voluntary schools have become a public charge.
The poor rate accounts for one- Quarter of tte
local taxation, and when the School Board ex
penses are added nearly one-halt of the cost ci
local government is covered. Conssqosaittl
while private companies have been allowed te
retain control of the gas and electric serrlcss
and there has been only a belated and moderate
Investment In electric tramways, local taxation
has run up and will probably go higher atfß.
The raCleailsxa of the shoemakers' borough has
not taken the form of municipal aoctali— . yet
the ratepayers are heavily taxed la spits of ths
lac& of enterprise In municipal trading. Indeed,
a strong force of public opinion has been ereatei
In favor of municipal services, by whlehe> shitt
ing or more has been taken off the rates in cars
enterprising towns. _ _.
I do not know that the American experts w»
concern themselves deeply with toe relatlca ef
municipal undertakings to local taxation. Ta-7
are engineers and accountants capable et «■»■
Ing a close comparison between the plants of t-i
beat public and private gasworks, trarr^P
and electric system* in English and 00" 3
towns, and of estimating the financial l-g *T
from the point of view of the consumer ■*•
resident. When they have completed tbslr t3~
of inspection of mechanism and examinettssi si
accounts they will be in a position to ta£ *Jl
the general question of cheapness and iflln«nrT
and to decide whether American cities «* »
an Inferior or a superior position under » r * 4
ownership and operation of, street railways **
gas and electric supplies. I consider **••
ful whether the Investigating coaintisslea, TOW
Includes prominent advocates and oppoa-J*^
public ownership, can agree upon a v *•*
There will probably be dissenting «■
opinions from any conclusions which ■x >
reached. Yet. Important as the results of Oi X'
qulry may be. there Is not likely to *2 a ej ;
vincms solution for either the EngUsb « g
American taxpayer. It may be possible *»^
certain whether gas Is as cheap and a* &
under public as under private owners-*.
electric lighting end traction have bte» wag*
duced so recently to English town* that cn ,•*
dltlonal decade of experience will be ***j^£
before positive conclusions can be *— ***" [*£
•pecting the advantages of municipal ssrt
For the English taxpayer there will be « C**
tlon of municipal economics In reserve, '■"•a—
Ism under free trade ha* become a t^ l^
burden, which Increases rather than dljniß'^d ljniß '^
year by year, and the full cost of the «*» c^
of the masses now fall* upon th* rates. It * 3 *
not be doubted that municipal trading kt VT,
carried in provincial town* as far as pro« -•
require*, but it is an open question, at 1*»
English ratepayers, whether some of «**" l
vices may not be necessary for th* relief «• ■

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