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MUTINEERS HOLD SVEABORG.
A Plot to Seize Three Great Russian Fortr<
Begins Prematurely in Finland.
BATTLES WAGED ALL DAY AND NIGHT.
Revolt of Marines Finally Quelled — Nine Warships Engaged— The
Losses Heavy — General Strike.
Hslsingfors. Aug. 1, 1:40 a. m.— Sveaborg is
entirely in the hands of the mutineers, who now
have in their possession every kind of armament.
Horrible scenes occurred durlna last night,
hen the fierce fighting was continued. The
heaviest artillery was used during the conflict.
Several officers were killed or wounded. The
wounded were transported to Helsingfors.
Cctonel Nstarof? was bayoneted. He begged
for transportation to the hospital, promising
forgiveness in exchange. Instead, he was stoned
and thrown into the water with a stone tied
round his neck.
BiWiUfQf July — A gigantic military con
spiracy, aiming at the simultaneous capture of
Russian three great sea fortresses. Cronstadt.
ajaastopol and Sveaborg. arranged by the Rev
olutionary Military League, was prematurely
Bjraag her* last night by the attempt to arrest
jrernbers of a company of sappers wno had
mutinied on account of the death of one of
♦heir comrades, alleged to have been due to ill
The entire garrison of the fortress at Svea
borg flamed out instantly in revolt. All the
artillerymen and sappers garrisoning the place
«-•!•* involved. Only four companies of infantry
men remained loyal. The mutineers seized forty
machine puns and practically all the quick
fjr?r? and light artillery in the fortress, but.
ever, with this aid, they were unable to hold
the main fort against the loyal infantry. The
tghxi'-z continued all night Inner. The heaviest
firing was heard from 10 o'clock in the evening
until 1 in the morning.
Thi? morning a detachment of civilian revo
lutionists seized the marine barracks on Skatud
ten Island, hoisted the red flag and were joined
ty all the marines. Nine cruisers, torpedo boats
Mid destroyers lying in the harbor opened fire
on the barracks. This fire was answered from
the third story windows of the barracks with
machine guns and rifles. • The torpedo boats and
destroyers, which were lying closer to the shore,
were subjected to such a hot fire that their
cretrs were driven below decks. They finally
Reamed out ?nd Joined the bombardment with
the cruisers. This sea attack was in co-opera
tion with attacks by Cossacks and infantry
from the land side, which began at 9 o'clock In
the morning and continued throughout the
Finally, toward evening, the firing ceased and
the authorities announced that tho barracks had
At 1 o'clock In the afternoon the Cossacks
cleared the square in front of the palace facing
Sveabnrg. and then drove the public from the
entire v.aterfront for the purpose of preventing
MBatanee from being sent from the city to
Sveaborg. . . '.
The exact situation at Sveai»org is not known.
r - : '= can no longer be heard. Rumors are in
circulation that the entire fortress has now
falkn into the hands of the insurgents, but they
A s IJ.OOO Gt:i THEFT.
SEARCH FOR MESSENGER.
Diamond Merchant Says Man Aho
Had His Check.
Eoscoe v. Hard, a dealer in gems at No. 12«
»»*t 236 street, complained to the police of the
••est 30th street station early this morning that
be had been robbed of a quantity of diamonds,
ttMei and opals worth between $10,000 and
*12.<*-» ii and a check for $150. .
He saM also that he was unable to find his
awssenger. John O'Hlell, twenty-two years old,
°! No >j Washington Square, Brooklyn. He
■*>"* h«* gave the jewels and his check to the.
3'oung man to take to the office of his brother,
*not!i<r diamond dealer, in Maiden Lane, at -
O'clock yesterday afternoon. The messenger
■Mar delivered the valuables. Kurd says.
after waiting until 11 o'clock last night, Hurd
Wye. for the turn of O'Hlell. he went to the
homo of the boy's father, but the young man
«as not there. Hurd says the young man came
to him strongly recommended by the Metro
politan Patrol Company. He employed O'Hlell
tin! >' yesterday morning, and the delivers' of the
J*"we'B was the fim Important errand intrusted
CfHiell'fl father had not seen his son. I^earn-
Jo* this. Hurd Informed the Tenderloin police.
IfctocUve* <'arniike and Cuff were detailed to
Ihb for " h<<u and the jewels and check.
HuM says that while the package contained
BMstiy diamonds, rubles and opals, In rings and
«ih*;r Bettings, It also contained many uncut
TO KEEP OPEN DOOR PLEDGE.
Xoaura Says Japan Will Keep Promise After
Military Evacuation of Manchuria.
victoria. li. c., July 31.— Baron Komura, recently
•i'*K>!nte«l Japanese Ambassador to Great Britain,
*!T!v«rd to-day by the steamer Empress of Japan
J*> hit way to London by way of Quebec, whence
** •111 sail by the Empress of Ireland on August I.
To the Associated Press he said:
i.',;* liT1 iTj piy r "«? r< ?t my Inability to ko to New York
*-••' V w!!ll >8t«n, as I would much like to visit
■'■■■ friends made during my trip to Ports-
CJJSS '-•- neg-uciiito the peace treaty. 1 expect.
; 'V\ v '; r . to be able to vlwlt the United States be
■ • I have be*n long In England.
Baron Komura said with regard to Japanese ac
«w> in Manchuria that the Japanese government
|**ul<J ondou'utedly carry out all th*- pledges made
£%5* , an ?. ein< " e the war to maintain "the open
TttL,, v Manchuria. X» soon as th* military n<
r"r* ■""' ? as ended— and this would li» soon—ar
■*£;?< 5 * ouW •* made l 0 carry out th « lodges
farces an "o^a door*' p-jlicy.
To-day, partly cloud;
ro-mnrrou. -,-t, . 1.,,,.|, . variable winds.
lack confirmation. It is believed that this ces
sation of fighting is only a prelude to the re
newal of the battle between the mutineers and
the government troops.
An authoritative estimate of the killed and
wounded cannot be obtained, but the casualty
list on both sides must be heavy, for the fighting
There are various rumors regarding the fate
of the officers who were at Sveaborg and in the
Skatudden barracks. According to one rumor,
almost all the officers, and according to another,
almost all the junior officers, sided with the
The marines at Skatudden are said to have
convened an elective court martial, which con
demned several officers to instant execution.
The wives and families of the officers on duty
in the fortress wore sent ashore by General
Laiming and were not molested by the revolu
The Red Guard, whose leaders were cognizant
of tho plot, dispatched an expedition by a spe
cial train as soon as the revolt broke out to cut
the railroad track outside of the city in order to
prevent the arrival of reinforcements A gen
eral strike was declared this afternoon, and was
obeyed by the workmen of all the factories.
St. Petersburg, Aug. 1, 1 a. m.-Xo report of
the suspension of the great revolt of the gar
rison at Sveaborg fortress, "the Gibraltar of the
Xorth." has been received in St. Petersburg up
to this hour.
The secondary uprising among the marines and
troop* stationed at Skatudden Barracks, on the
peninsula communicating with the mainland,
was <-rushei out at a late hour yesterday after
noon by loyal troops after heavy fighting, in
which nine cruisers, destroyers and torpedo
boats took part.
The sound of firing on the islands and from
the fortress had ceased, and in spite of the fact
that the occupation of the entire waterfront by
Cossacks prevents obtaining positive news, it
is understood at Helslngfors that the mutinous
artillerymen and sappers are still holding their
positions. The outlying islands and the fortress
appear still to be In their possession, and they
have practically all the machine guns, quick
firers and movable artillery of the fortress.
General Laiming, the commandant of the fort
ress, ie holding the main fort on Commanfler
Island with a force of loyal infantry.
A general strike was declared in Helsingfors
by the socialist workmen yesterday. All fac
tories have been closed
The last dirept dispatch from the correspondent
of The As.-oriated Press, which has Just arrived
here, was eleven hours on the way from Helslng
fors. The correspondent said that the Red
Guard, the armed socialist legion, was planning
an armed uprising to attempt the release of the
prisoners captured In the Skatudden Barracks.
Owing to the cutting of telegraph wires by
the flying expedition of the Red Guard, which
Continued on third •pa««
OIL MAN ASKS CHARITY
TO CHANGE HIS POLICY.
Mr. Rockefeller Wants Public to
Suspend Judgment on Standard.
[By Telegraph to The Tribune.]
Cleveland, July John D. Rockefeller re
turned to his Cleveland homo to-day with a
plea that the public suspend judgment upon the
Standard Oil Company until both sides should
be heard. Coupled with this was an implied
promise that his Jong silence was to be broken
and that be would do all he could hereafter to
keep In personal touch with the public, through
the medium of the newspapers, thus "making us
acquainted with each other," as he expressed It.
This plea was made while the Lake Shore train
on which he came from Tarry town. N. V.. was
going from Collinwood to the Cleveland depot.
His remarks were emphasized by reiteration,
to which the promise to abandon his habitual
policy of seclusion from newspaper men was
"The time will soon come, I hope." he said,
'with deliberate utterance, "when all of uo In
this great country will be better acquainted
with each other. In furthering the approach of
this hour you newspaper men enn wield power
ful Influent c. That it is your duty to do this I
Bin firmly convinced.
"None can gainsay the power of the press,"
he continued, "but the press should br- truthful
arid fair to both sides in any controversy. You
newspaper men should always bear in mind that
one part of your mission of inestimable value
is to make some of us In this Kieat world bet
ter acquainted with some of the others. Tour
duty to do this is plain, and that duty, well
carried out. is more than lffcely to smooth out
many of the rough spots which all must encoun
Fatigue incident to his all night journey on
the cars was pleaded by Mr. Rockefeller as his
reason for not discussing the present investiga
tion of the Standard Oil Company by the United
States government Neither would he talk of
Ills citation before the state courts at Findlay
In the conspiracy suit Instituted by County
Prosecutor David. When asked whether he did
no, consider the FJmllav warrant for him as a
JO^h he n.f rO by P n« y mea 1 ! s <1 a Joke, but I certainly
think 'it will not amount to anything when the
case comes to trial." he expected to remain in
llr. Rockefeller said he expected to remain in
Cleveland until October.
GINGER CHAMPAGNE— EQUINOX— EXTRA
Dry. Charles. A. AL&CCa. I*. & T.. Wan*r.-Advt.
NEW-YORK. WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 1. I'MKJ.-FOrRTEEN PAGES.-^:«r:.,.
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT SETS A GOOD EXAMPLE.
President r. ■ ■■••■-> lias contributor! 51 to the Bepnblican Congressional Committee's cam
paign fond. The contribution was pent. ln response to a general appeal for dollar contribu
tions. I :,*"'
Chairman Sherman of the Congressional Committee yesterdnv maao public the President's
letter Inclosing his contribution to the fund. The letter follows:
Oyster Bay, N. V.. July 25. 1906.
Of* i " \* r *^ *~ * "~ '"'" An *
I have your letter of the 24th Instant and inc!osur««. I send my dollar. I think It an ad
mirable plan, and I congratulate you upon th success that as fair to attend the movement.
PERKINS DELEGATES IN
Their Action Creates Confusion in
lowa "Stand Pat" Ranks.
[By Telegraph to The Tribune.]
Dcs Moines, lowa, July 31.— The lowa Con
gress delegation broke into the fight over the
Governorship to-night. At a conference pre
sided over by Senator Dolliver and attended by
all tho Congressmen save Hepburn and Smith
it was unanimously decided to advise Chairman
Smith of the state central committee to ignore
the alleged "fake" contests that have been
brought by the antl-Cummlns crowd in nearly a
dozen counties. If this advice had been heeded
Cummins would have had a majority of ISO
delegates on the first ballot.
The lowa Congressmen took this action as
they admit, not through love of Cummins, but
to save their own seats in Washington. Cum
mins had announced earlier in the day that he
would take his delegates to a hall across the
street, hold another convention and head an
other ticket in the event of the unseating of
enough of his delegates to deprive him of con
trol. The "stand pat" leaders had no doubt of
his intention. The Congressmen knew that two
tickets would mean their certain defeat, and at
the last minute they took the stand that Cum
minns has played for weeks.
The action of the delegation created consterna
tion In the ranks of the opposition, and the wild
est enthusiasm among the followers of Cum
mins ensued. Cummins headed a dozen parades
through the streets to-night and made as many
speeches. But the consternation was soon trans
ferred to the Cummins ranks.
The State Central Committee completed its
•work. and. giving no heed to the pleas of the
Congressmen, deckled to give seats in the con
vention to-morrow t<> the sixty Perkins dele
gates representing Jasper. Jefferson and Wapello
counties. In addition the oommltte« voted to
let in eighteen Perkins delegates from Dallas
and ten from Audubon. As Governor Cummins
claims to have 88"» delegate?, not counting the
sixty delegates first mentioned, concerning
whose seats it was admitted there might be
question, his loss, if the committee's action is
sustained by the committee on credentials, will
be twenty-eight, giving him So". It requires
821 to nominate. The Cummins people went
into conference as soon as the announcement
was made to agree on a programme to be fol
lowed by them In the convention.
Joseph W. Blythe, manager of the Perkins
campaign, and Mr. Perkins exchanged hot words
In the Savoy Hotel to-night. The "«anrt pat
faction is at war with itself, and in many quar
ters it is predicted that Perkins will withdraw
before the first ballot is taken.
The crux of the fight Is now on the Lieutenant
Governorship. So far as the surface indicates,
the antt-Cummina organization is now being
maintained for the sole purpose of defeating
Oarst. Cummlns's running mate. The Lieu
tenant Governorship is the key to the United
States Senatorship situation. Cummins does
not deny having his eye on the Senate. With a
"stand pat" Lieutenant Governor guarding the
Legislature, his Senatorial aspirations would be
Governor Cummins claimed to-night that his
ticket, fr^m top to bottom, would be nominated.
Perkins refused to make a statement, something
he has not prpviously don.' during the campaign.
If the central committee ignores the advice of
the Congress delegation the convention will un
doubtedly bo riotous.
HARRY LEHR REAL RUDE.
Draffs Photographer Into Newport
Store and Wrests Plate Away.
[By T>l»?raph to The Tribune ]
Newport, R. 1.. July 31— A photographer was
seized by the throat to-day by Harry S. Lehr.
dragged into a store In Bellevue avenue and re
lieved of a plnrp which contained a picture of
Mr. Lehr and his wife, which had been taken a
few minutes before in front of the Casino. In
doing this Mr. Lehr knocked down a costly vase
in the store, for which »ie will be obliged to
settle. After taking the \e\v into his own hands,
Mr. Lehr offered to settle for any damage he
might have done.
This did not suit tho camera man, who said he
would have Mr. I,ehr arrested for assault. The
photographer was taking pictures in front of the
Casino, and when Mr. and Mrs. Lehr appeared
snapped th#m. Mr. Lehr raised his cane and
told the photographer to give him the camera
unless he wanted it smashed. The man declined
and Mr. Lehr dragged him into the store. The
proprietor locked me door to keep the crowd out.
This is not the first time that Mr. I^ehr has flgr
ured in Btxch an episode.
GOT RID OF THE LEPER.
Maryland Ships Him Out in Vesti
bule of Passenger Train.
Baltimore, July 31. — George Marun Rashid. the
Syrian leper, sometimes called Rossett. whose
endeavors to make his way to his native country
and to seek the healing of his malady in tho
waters of the River Jordan have recently caused
not a little perturbation among the health offi
cials of various cities through which he passed
on his way from Elkins. \V. Va.. and who for
several days has been taken care of by the c»a
thoritiea of this state and the officials of th..'
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, was early this morn
ing very quickly returned to West Virginia ter
ritory by Dr. John S. Fulton, secretary of the
Statn Board of Health of Maryland.
At no time leaving the right of way of the
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Rashid was con
veyed from Lorely, Baltimore County, to Cam
den-station, where he was placed In the vestibule
between the baggage and smoking cars of the
train leaving here at 11:10 o'clock last night.
Dr. Pulton remained with his charge as far as
Oakland, M<l., and followed him by telegraph to
Grafton. W. Va. Rashid had a ticket through
As soon as the Syrian was safely on his way
into West Virginia. Dr. Fulton telegraphed every
member of the Board of Health of that State,
giving them notice of Rashid's whereabouts and
condition. At the same time the heads of the
boards of health of Pennsylvania. Ohio. Ken
tucky. Virginia and the District of Columbia re
ceived .similar telegrams, and wero warned to
protect their borders. Clarksburg was selected
as Baahld's objective point, because that, and
not Elkins, is bis home. He lived there. Dr.
Fulton says, for two years, and WfuMn hospitals
there, mingling with other ratients for two
FUTURE OF REPUBLICS.
MR. ROOT SPEAKS AT RIO.
Peace and Prosperity of Neighbor*
Rio Janeiro, July SI. — The peaceful develop
ment of all nations on this continent with the
assistance of the United States wan the keynote
of the speech of Secretary Root delivered here
to-night before the Pan-American Congress.
The Secretary reviewed the struggles of nations
to transform self-government into self-control,
and expressed confidence in the outlook. The
■United States had no desire to encroach upon
the boundaries of her neighbors. The next
Hague conference, he said, would be an embod
ied expression of the Monroe Doctrine,
The Secretary and his party, accompanied by
members of the diplo/natic corps, came to Rio
this afternoon from Petropolis on a special train.
He was met by a large number of prominent
persons, who went across the bay in three
ferryboats. Upon arriving in this city he drove
to the Abrantes Palace, where tea was served.
Mr. Root had a quiet dinner at home and
tested until 9:30. when he left the palace to
attend the special meeting of the Pan-American
Congress held in his honor.
The pavilion was surrounded by a large num
ber of troops and thousands of students,, who
carried torchlights. The streets leading to the
pavilion were festooned with garlands of flowers
and made brilliant with many lamps.
At 1«> p. m. Seftor Nabuco. the Brazilian Am
bassador to the United States, opened the ses
sion with an address, in which he praised the
American Secretary. Mr. Root replied as fol
Gentlemen of the Congress: 1 beg you to be
lieve that I highly appreciate and thank you fop
the honor you do me. ,
I bring from my own country a special greet
ing to our older sisters In the civilization of
America. Unlike as we are in many respects.
we are alike in this, that we are all engaged
under new conditions, free from the traditional
forms and limitations of the old world, in work
ing out the same problem of popular self gov
ernment. This is a difficult and laborious task
for each of us. Not in one generation or In
one century can the effective control of a su
perior sovereign, so long deemed necessary to
government, be rejected and effective self con
trol by the governed perfected in Its place.
The first fruits of democracy are, many of
them, crude and unlovely. Mistakes are many,
partial failures are many and sins not a few.
The capacity for self government does not come
to a man by nature. It is an art to be learned
as well as an expression of character to be de
veloped among the great number of men who
exercise popular sovereignty.
To reach that goal toward which we are press
ing frtward?, rh*» governing of the multitude, we
must $rsi acquire the knowledge thar arm**
from universal education, the wisdom which fol
lows practical experience, that personal Inde
pendence and self-respect befitting men who
acknowledge rr» superior, self-control to replace
that external control which democracy rejects,
respect of the law, obedience to the lawful ex
pressions of the public will, consideration of tho
opinions and interests of others equally entitled
to a voice In the state, a loyalty to the abstract
conceptions of one's country as inspiring as that
loyalty of personal sovereigns which has so il
lumined the pages of history, the subordination
of personal interests to the public good, and love
of justice, mercy, liberty and order. All these we
must seek by slow and patient effort. How
many shortcomings there are in our own lands
anil among our own peoples, each one of us Is
conscious; yet no student of our times can fail to
see that not America atone but the whole civil
ized world Is swinging away from the old gov
ernmental moorings, and Intrusting the fate of
civilization to the capacity of the popular mass
to govern. By this pathway mankind is travel
ling whithersoever it leads, and upon the suc
cess of this great undertaking the hope of hu
Nor can we fail to see that the world Is mak
ing substantial progress toward more perfect
popular self-government. I believe it to be true,
viewed against the background of conditions a
century, a generation, even a decade ago. that
the government of my own country has ad
vanced in the Intelligent participation of the
great mass of the people, the fidelity with
which they are represented, respect of the law.
obedience to the dictates of sound morality and
in effectiveness and purity of administration.
Nowhere is this progress more marked than
in Latin America. Out of the wreck of Indian
fighting, race conflicts and civil wars strong and
stable governments have arisen. Peaceful suc
cession in accord with the people's will has re
placed the forcible seizure of power permitted
by the people's indifference. Loyalty to coun
try, its peace, dignity and honor has arisen
above the partisanship of the Individual leaders.
The rule of law supersedes the rule of man.
Property is respected, the fruits of enterprise
are secure, individual liberty Is respected, con
tinuous public policies are followed, and the na
tional faith Is held sacred. This progress has
not been equal everywhere, but there has been
progress everywhere. The movemnt is In the
right direction, and It Is not exceptional.
The present affords Just cau^e. for satisfaction,
and the future is bright with hope. Not by na
tional isolation have these results been accom
plished, nor is the progress so to be continued.
No nation can live unto itself alone and continue
to live. The growth of each nation is part of
the development of the race. There may b<*
leaders end there may be laggards, but no na
tion can long continue first In the advance of the
general progress of mankind, and no nation not
doomed to extinction can remain furthest be
hind. . , .
Th» race may be to the leaders or it may be
to the laggards, but no nation can continue the
furthest in advance of the general progress of
mankind, and no nation not doomed to extinc
tion can remain the furthest behind. With
nations, as with individual men. intercourse and
association are the correction of the egotist.
This Is a condition to growth in civilization.
Peoples whose minds are not open to the les
sons of the worlds progress, whose spirits are
not stirred by the aspirations and achievements
of humanity," are struggling the world over for
liberty and Justice, and must be left behind by
In the steady and beneficent advance to pro
mote this mutual interchange and assistance,
the Amcricon republics are engaged in the same
great task. -Inspired by the same purpose and
progressing on the same principles. I under
stand it to be the function of this conference
that not one but all of our countries shall benefit
the other; that there is not one that cannot
receive benefits from the other: that there is
not one that will not gain by the prosperity,
peace and happiness of all. *
According to the programme, there is no great,
no impressive single thing to be done by you.
No political questions are to be discussed; no
controversies are to be settled and no Judgment :
is to be passed upon the conduct of any state, |
but many subjects are to be considered which !
afford the possibility of removing the barriers '
to Intercourse and ascertaining, for the common j
benefit, the advances that have been made by <
each nation in knowledge, experience, enterprise
and the solution of difficult questions of govern
You are to deal with the ethical standards of
perfecting knowledge of each other, of doing
away with misconception and misunderstanding,
and the resultant prejudices that are such fruit- i
ful sources of controversy. These are some of
the subjects in the programme which Invite-; |
your discussion, and which may lead the Aim r- j
lean republics toward an agreement upon prin- ,
ciples that are general and practical In their '
CcuiUnuod ou &<icoud yj*o, j
HEARSTMEN APPLY GAi;
Rl'X LEAGUE MEETIS'd.
Ihm/tcn Named Permanent Chairman
Will Not Dicker to Fuse.
Machine methods were apparent at the meet-
Ing of th* state committee of th* Independence
League at the Glteey House yesterday afternoon,
and that, too. despite the loud denunciation on
the part of th* Hearst followers (In th* corri
dors before they entered th* meeting) of th*
cut and dried policy and the "gas rule" of th*
It was decided not to wait on the action of
the regular Democratic organisation, but to hold
the state convention of th* leaerue on September
11. It will be held In this city, and there win
he one delegate for every 1.000 votes, or major
fraction thereof, cast for Governor In 19* M. the
representation being by Assembly districts. An
address to the public waa issued, In which the
principles of the league were outlined. The
paramount issue, according to this address, is a
free vote and an honest count, and it is based
on the allegation that William Randolph Hearst
got neither when he ran for Mayor last fall.
Hearst sentiment pervaded the entire meeting.
Pictures of Thomas Jefferson and Lincoln, sur
rounded by American flags, were on the wall
over the speaker's desk. There was much talk
of the deeds of these men, but it was coupled
with the idea that a new declaration of inde
pendence was to be written: that the shackles
were to be struck from a new race of slaves, and
that Hearst was the man who was to do It all.
When the photographers were preparing to
take a flashlight a delegate in the rear of the
hal! jumped up and said:
"I move that a picture of William Randolph
Hearst be put up there between Jefferson and
Lincoln before the picture is taken."
The suggestion was not acted on. The com
rr;ltte?. however, showed Its loyalty to Hearst,
who is in San Francisco, by sending him a tele
gram insisting that he consent to take a nom
ination for Governor. It read as follows:
The people of the State of New York, repre
sented in the state committee of the Independ
ence League, appreciate your great service to the
cause of the "plain people" and your splendid
efforts to compel the criminal trusts to obey the
law, and recognize in you a leader under whom
the control of their government must be restored
to the people. To this end we pledge you our
earnest and loyal support, and insist that you
ehal! serve the people as their candidate for
Governor In the coming contest.
The machine methods showed themselves most
conspicuously when Thomas GiUeran. who is one
of the Hearst lawyers, presented the report of
the committee named to prepare an address to
the public and to name a place and a date for
the convention. There were twenty men on the
committee. After reading the report, including
the address. Mr. Gilleran surprised the assem
blage by saying:
The committee has decided that as all the
state was sufficiently represented in its mem
bership the report shall be adopted without de
bate. I move the adoption of the report and at
the same time move the previous question.
rr.MMITTKK 'ARRIED OFF FKKT.
Moving the previous question Is an old dodge
fw suppressing' debate. The chairman put the
question, and the astonished committeemen had
scarcely time to get themselves together when
the motion was declared carried. Some eight or
nine men voted "No" feebly.
The address brings the failure of Mr. Hearst
to be declared Mayor .of New York right up to
the front as one of the leading Issues. It goes
on to say that a demand for justice has been
made on the courts, the Legislature and the
Attorney Oeneral, "only to be met with refusal."
Thus has been raised an issue paramount to
nil others, an issue upon the right decision of
which depends the preservation of, the funda
mental principles of American government.
Without a free vote and an honest count there
can be no liberty, no reform of abuses, no prog
ress toward the supremacy of public over pri
The address then belabors the Republican and
Democratic bosses and the corporations, and
calls for the suoport of Jefferson Democrats and
Lincoln Republicans. In order that the move
ment shall not be confused with socialism, this
is put in: "The Independence League stands
for the rights of property, holding that no man
shall be privileged to confiscate what rightfully
belongs to another." The essence of the address
Is contained in the following:
The Independence Leaerue calls upon the citi
zens of New York, without regard to their
former party ties, to accept the challenge so
handily offered them by the associated predatory
corporations and the political bosses, and elect
a Governor and a Legislature that will give us
adequate laws for the protection of the ballot
box. a Judiciary which shall so Interpret those
laws that their intent will prevail, and an At
torney fleneral Mho will serve the cause of
Justice rather than that of piratical private In
Judge Samuel Seabury was temporary chair
man of the committee, and put in motion the
machinery which resulted in the selection of
Max F. Ihm."en. the campaign manager of Mr.
Hearst, as the permanent chairman. There was
an attempt to keep the reporters out of the
meeting, but they were finally admitted In time
to listen to half a dozen spirited addresses on
the principles of the league and the far reaching
importance of the movement now under way.
The following were named as vice-chairmen:
Reuben R. Lyon. of Steul»en County; Dr. »'. H.
W. Auel, of Erie; Charles K. Remlck. of Madi
son, and A. S. White, of Onondaga. J. G. Foll
ansbee was chosen treasurer, and W. A. De
Ford, secretary. The treasurer was empowered
to appoint a finance committee composed of at
least one member from each county In the state.
It was also decided that a full record of all
moneys received and expended should be kept
and published, showing the sources from which
the moneys were received and the purposes for
which they were expended. The meeting ad
journed subject to the call of the chairman.
The members of the committee on the ad
dress and tlte selection of the time and place
for the convention were as follows: Ex-Senator
William F. Mackay, of Erie County; C. C.
Shearn, of New York; Maynard Thompson, of
Delaware; 11 C. Powell, of Duchess; Wattae*
Thayer. of Erie; George C. Lawyer, of Jefferson;
Henry T. Cochrane. of Kings; Henry A. Powell'.
of Kings: M. A. Hoover, of Niagara; H. H.
Gtyna, of Monroe; John J. Hopper, of New-
York; James Donegan, of New York; Daniel
••ray, of ononduga; Leroy Lane, of Rensselaer;
J. E. Deveraux. of Ontario; F. A. Mohr, of
Tioga: W. ti. Pheehan, of Chemung; A. M.
Sperry, of BHKMB*.
Most of the committeemen privately declined
their opposition to any dickering looking toward
the nomination of Hearst by the regular Demo
la a I'm- train for Detroit. <:rarul RapidH. Saglnaw
.uiU Chicago. Leaving New York at 4.» P. M.
dally, you reach l>em>lt ne«t morning, and Grand
Napkin. Saglnaw or t'hli »ko next afternoon via
•AnM-rtca's Greatest Hauro*<i. *■ Ml HMUI
VHU'E THKKK CENTS.
BRYAN STARTS FIGHT
HITS [UJXOIS LEADER.
National CommitUeman / Una
Hotly Refuses to R '<■< ••.
Chicago. July Judge Owen P. Thompson.
of Jacksonville. 111. announced this afternoon
that m a letter dated July 17 William J. Bryan
requested that Judge Thompson can upon Roger 1
Sullivan with a message from Mr. Bryan re
questing that Mr. . Sullivan. in the Interest of ;
harmony, at once resign at Democratic National: ■
Comraltteeman from Illinois. Judge Thompson
says he saw Mr. Sullivan to-day and delivered ~
Mr. Bryan's massage. Mr. Sullivan declined to
resign as requested.
Judge Thompson thereupon made public a : let
ter from Mr. Bryan declaring that BuMtvaa
holds the office by a fraud and that it Is Im
possible for honest Democrats to associate with
him as a member of the national committee.
Mr. Bryan's letter is as follows:
The Trossachs Hotel. Loch Katrine. July IT. f :
Judge O. P. Thompson. Jacksonville, 111.
My Dear Judge: 1 am going to intrust you
with a message to Roger Sullivan. If 1 wer* at
home I would see him myself, but as 1 do not
arrive until after your state convention, and as
I think action ought to be taken at one*. I will
send the message by you. Please say to Mr.
Sullivan that he has expressed a desire for
harmony, and that I assume that he means to I
help the party to the extent of his ability, bat
there Is but one way In which he can promot*
harmony, and that is by resigning as nattanal
We are approaching another national cam- r
paign, and our party's chances depend upon It 3
ability to convince the public of its good Inten
tions. Mr. Sullivan's presence on the committed
contradicts all that we can say in the party's
behalf. His corporate connections would barm
the party far beyond his power to aid the or
ganization, but this could be left for some futor*
convention to deal with if he were actually tha
choice of the Demi crafs of Illinois.
The fact, however, that he holds his c£2ce by
a fraud and against the express wishes of a
majority of the delegates to the state conven
tion makes It impossible for honest Democrats
to associate with him as a member of th* com
mittee. If we do not maintain the right of the
majority to control party policy and sel*ct Un
party's representatives, for what can we con
tend? The fact that Mr. Sullivan has spaa—
kindly of mo enables me to discuss the matter
without risk of having my actions attributed ta
personal malice, hut he ought to see that I would
be unworthy of any one's confidence if I failed
to protest against his continuance upon thf)
committee, either to conciliate him or out or
fear of his hostility. There is room in the party
for all who honestly favor Democratic principles.
but the leadership must be in the hands of tno?*
who have the confidence of the par>y. and whose
prominence will strengthen the party. .<
If he will at once send his resignation to tM
chairman of the national committee and mas*
the matter public he will show his desire to help
the part'- and will do much to restore himself
in the opinion of those who felt outraged by th*
last state convention. If he refuses to rsalaai
and thus puts his ambition or his business batata
the party's success, the sooner he 13 ejected
from the committee the better. It ought to fc*
made an issue in the state convention. If neces
sary, for the Democracy of Illinois cannot la
under such leadership, and ought not to permit
itself to be misrepresented on the national copi
mittee. Tours truly. W. J. BRYAN.
The Trossachs Hotel. Loch Katrine, July 17. \
Judge O. P. Thompson. Jacksonville. lYL'ggjStm
My Dear Judge: If the effort to Induce Mr.
SulMvaa to resign from th© national ct-minU.;-?*
falls. I wish you would deliver , the following
raessase to th* Democrats of Illinois:.
"Yon live In the largest of the Western S;a" £5,
'.\nd must play an Important part" In the work
which lies before the Democratic party. Too can
do little to advance Democratic principles so
long as you permit the roost fundamental of
these principles— namely, the right of the ma
jority to — to be violated. Mr. Sullivan was
selected as national commltteemen by delegates
who were not chosen by th* convention. As he
was one of the leaders in the high crimes and
misdemeanor* commmltted against the Democ
racy of Illinois, hi» refusal to resign cannot »>
attributed to ignorance at the facts, but is proof
positive of his unfltness for the place.
"We are about to enter upon a campaign to
which our party will appeal to the people ana
ask the confidence of the nation. Ido n*t kits'*
how you. the Democrats of Illinois, could better
open that compalgn In your state than by *••
mandlng his resignation Let it be known th—
you Insist on honest politics within the party;
then you will be believed when yon plead ior
honesty in the government. I am sorry thai
your convention meets before I return. far I
would be glad to come to Illinois and give you
any assistance within my power. I have avoided
taking part in personal contests within the party.
but whenever any one calling himself a Demo
crat assaults th© right of th» party to govern
itself I do not hesitate to take part in the £?ai.
I had hoped that he -would resign in the interests
of harmony, hut his refusal leaves yon no choice*
but to repudiate him or abandon Democratic
With best wishes for your success. I air . V?~
truly yours. w - J - hki.a^.
MR. SULLIVAN REPLIES.
Mr. Sullivan, in replying to Mr. Bryan's letter.
gave out the following statement to-night:
I have seen the letter purporting to have -~-n
written by Mr. Bryan, and I am prepared to
accept it as genuine, although the character off
the men whom Mr. Bryan appears to ha.*s>
chosen as his confidants is such that there
might be serious doubts as to its authenticity.
If the letter was written by Mr. Bryan. It fcr
nlshes proof that Mr. Bryan has allowed him
self to persist in what the Democratic ?TMln«at
Convention of 1901 declared was a misrepre
sentation and a libel. It is proof that he to
mistaken again, as he was on the fret silver
question, and that he is wrong again, as no was
when ho permitted himself to cut so unenviable
a figure as he did in the Bennett will mart—
It is apparently Mr. Bryan's misfortune ta>
jump to conclusions too readily and to be mis
led by men whose assumed friendship or boy
hood companionship is not sufficiently great to
prohibit their attempting to place him la an
awkward and false light before the great v.n- •
Jority of the Democrats of Illinois. The men ts>
whom I refer. MUlard FUlmoro Dunlap end
Judge Owen P. Thompson, the leaders of the
faction known as the Jacksonville Cabal, are
men who have been twice utterly repudiated by
the Democrats of the state. Th* fact thai my
name happens to be Sullivan Is by far a, more
potent reason to them for attempting to dis
credit me than any that they have, or con urge.
The real reasons for their opposition to me I
believe Mr. Bryan to be ignorant of.
It Is not the first time Mr. Bryan has bean da
ceived by these men. He was Inveigled : into
pleading their cause two years ago. He gava
their claims the only merit they possessed by
presenting them at St. Louis.
What was the verdict? He pleaded for them
before a sub-committee of the Democratic NSs*
tional Committee, and the committee decide!
against them. He renewed his efforts In their
behalf before the Democratic National Cora
mittee. and again lost his case. A committed
on credentials, composed of Democrats repre-
Renting every state and territory In the Union,.
next declared the men whom Mr. Bryan now
champions to be liars and villflers. Pinallj* th*
highest tribunal to which an appeal could i be .
taken heard Mr. Bryan's plea for Dunlap and
Thompson. and the result was as before.
Mr. Bryan says I hold my seat on the Demo
cratic .National Committee by fraud. Thai scat
came to me by virtue of a vote of <9 to 5 In my
favor. It Is one to which a D-Kjocratle national
convention declared I was entitled. If I hold my
seat by fraud, then Mr. Bryan -r.ust accuse Sen
ator Tillman. of South Carolina. Senator Cul
bers>.»n of Texas; Senator Dubols. of Idaho;
John Sharp Williams, of Mississippi: Clark
Howell <<f Georgia: the Democratic leaders in
the Solid South, the majority of those in th*
East, the North and tb*» West of compounding a
felony. If I* m unflt lo associate with honest
Democrat*, as Mr. Bryan says, then toe men
who stood by me are also, and surely Mr. Til #■■
cannot accept a nomination which must coma. Iff
come it does, from the men who decided that I
was fit and that l»un ! :»i\ Thompson and th«
Jacksonville cabal were not only unlit, but had
lied. slandered and vilified, not myself clone
but the majority of th,» delegate* who sat In th»
Sprlngn>M suite convention of 1904 and : by "
virtue of whose votes I hold my office
. _ Eves ty. -^c^ryjvvlllln* t3.rv»isn %I «s.re«iuo»t«^ i