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MILLIONS FOR RESERVE Minnesota Commissioners Would Put Guard on lmnrance Surpluses. St. PMI ah* 24.— Millions win be held In re kßßjsj i t (he peUcyholders of life Insurance com piLr.irs and th* cost of Insurance will be matertallv lowered IT a bill, approved by the State Insurance Commission*!* at their session to-day, meets with ■a*, approval of th* various state legislatures next Th* bUL which requires an annual apportlon- BBSBj and accounting of surplus of life Insur ance companies as adopted to-day. It Is main tained by many of the commissioners, strikes at th* root of all the evil of life insurance, by hold !r.£ officers of such companies accountable for th* enormou* surplus funds accumulated under the fl*firtiil dividend contracts. Th* Mil provides that "every life insurance com ■■ Jay conducted on the mutual plan, or In which ■•hVijiinliTirs are entitled to share In the profits or surplus, shall make an annual apportionment and accounting of divisible surplus to each policy holder, h— lnninr on or before the second policy year, or on all participating policies hereafter is sued; and each such pollcyholder shall be entitled to and be credited with or paid In a manner pro vided, such a portion of the entire divisible surplus mm ha* been contributed thereto by his policy." Th* report of the committee on misrepresenta tions, including: the draft of a bill, was approved. The draft as presented to-day included the follow ing Important section: No life Insurance corporation, officer, director or naent shall issue or circulate any estimate, illus tration, circular or statement In any part mis representing the terms of any policy Issued by It. er the benefits or advantages promised or th* dividends or shares of surplus to be received thereon; nor shall any company use any title of policy er class of policies misrepresenting the true nature thereof . FISH job: TKUSTEi:. ■■'Name Often Mentioned for Place on Mutual Board. Tbe p""t of Stuyvesart Fish, it was learned yes terday, ha* been mentioned frequently as an "op position* - nominee and possible president of the Mutual Life at Joint conferences of the Interna tional pollcyholders' executive committee and the nominating committee of the Mutual Life Policy holders' Association. Many of the conferrees, it Is said, (eel that the nomination of men of the type of Mr. Fish, -with a clear record and a thorough knowledge of life Insurance, would materially •trengthen the opposition ticket. Whether the ex member of the Truesdale housecleaning committee Would accept the nomination could not be learned. It in said that Mr. Fish's nomination would have In view his succession to the presidency of the company. The International committee's recent statement that no committeeman would be a nominee was thought to dispose effectively of the report printed yesterday that ex-Judge Parker was slated for the presidency should the- committee's ticket (succeed. >»o authoritative confirmation of the report could be obtained yesterday that a third "independent committee is now in the field waiting to Indorse eligible men nominated by the International com mittee and the association. NEW LAWS SEPTEMBER 1. Three Armstrong Insurance Acts Will Take Effect on That Day. Albany. Aug. 24 (Special).— Thlrty-flve laws en ectcd by the Legislature last winter will go into effect September 1. For the most part these new statutes are amendments to the civil and crim inal codes. It being the custom to begin the en forcement of code amendments on that date. Three of these new laws are a part of the insur ance legislation recommended by the Armstrong committee. One addition to the penal code re lates to contradictory statements under oath. It provides that guilt of perjury Ehall be established M one baa sworn :to anything contrary to any nth or statement in his testimony. Another amendment relates to rebates and al lowances by Ufa Insurance companies. It provides that any person knowingly receiving a rebate lrom a premium as an Inducement to take a life Insurance policy is guilty of a misdemeanor. A third relates to the misconduct of officers ant employes of corporations. It renders liable to a penalty a person who "makes err concurs in making any falsa entry or omission of any material entry in its books or statements." One of the laws which will take effect September 3 is the Donobue act, making It a misdemeanor i to refuse to admit tho State Commissioner or a ! person authorized by him to a tunnel for purposes i of Inspection. The Miller act prohibiting the building or opera tion of a racetrack within four miles of a court house, excepting county agricultural associations, also takes effect. Another of tho penal code amendments is th<s Santee act, relating: to the fraudulent usr of the name or title oi secret fraternities. Senator Brack ett's amendment to the iit.nui code to prevent the tapjilns ut gaepipea or electric wires is :Uso In the list. Among the other laws which will go into effect On September 1 Is one giving a captain or ser geant in charge of a police station power to parole a prisoner on his promise to appear in court the next day. in mil where conviction would render the person liable to Imprisonment for thirty days or less. A law which will go Into effect September SO provides thai on that date the control of th« Eastern Reformatory for Boy*, at Napanoch. shall jMf-s to a state board of managers for reforma tories. The institution Is at piesent under a war den. It was this position that the late Jacob Sn»I! liria at the time of hip death. Th 2 manage ment of the. Kimlra Reformatory is vested In the fame board. READY FOR TOURNAMENT. Expert Marksmen Will Gather at Sea Girt To-morrow. Bern Girt, Auk. 24 <Bpcc:al).— General Spencer, as executive officer of the match*" of the National Rifle Association and of the New Jersey State Rifle Association, has r*oolv*d numerous entries for the •Wimbledon Tup. tie L#*eh Cup. the Hale match and the other Individual matches. From advices hat Qeaeral Spencer hat* received regarding the movements of th» various rifle teams the ma jority of them will be here by Sunday Blent. The Unit match, on Monday, the Columbia trophy match, does not interest any of the organizations outside of New Jersey. The ranjj« efflcers, many of whom hay* been de tailed from the New iercey regiment*, will have tfceir camp north of th* office of the rifle practice department. Th* camp wan completed to-day, and most of the range officers will arrive to-morrow. The coll*fre men. *nme of whom will bo retained her* In different capacities*, will be camped west of the range officers. . 1 There will b* a t<"nt conducted by the Young Men's Christian Association again this year, *>*» for •everal season* past. Two young men will b« In charge of tiie tent, and the usual courtesies will be extended to the visiting riflemen. The riflemen round the tent useful last year, and It is expected ft will be patronized liberally tills year. ICE COMPANY WOULD BUY NAMESAKE. fßy Telesrmph to The Tribune 1 Baltimore. Aug. 2<.— The Knickerbocker Ice Com pany of Chicago Is after the Knickerbocker Com pany, en Independent concern of Baltimore. J. J. Fanning, representing Chicago Interest!?. In here conducting negotiations. He denies rumors that ha represents the American Ice Company. John W. McKinnon is president and tho largest stockholder In the Chicago company, but is not yet connected with th« Baltimore company. About (450.0 Mls In volved In the pending deal. The Baltimore company some time a .to acquired th'? Hammond company, of this city, and also the Maine Ice Company, which Import* ice from Main- and has stations on th« barber here. AN APPEAL FOR CHARITY. The Charity Organization Society appeals for $59 to pay for the return of an Austrian widow and one child to her native land, where a brother offers Co care 'or Bar. She lust her husband and twelve children, and now finds herself, at fifty, un able, through 111 health, to make a living. Her household goods hi.v© been sold, but the small amount realized is not sufficient to defray the ex pense of transportation to Vienna. Any money for this cat* sent to tb* Charity Organization fco cmr. No. 106 East 22d street, will bo publicly ac- Sowtodged. Tie society acknowledges with thanks the fol lowing contributions received in response to recent •.L-8...6: "Montclalr. N. J.. * Mrs. F. M. Warburg •aSTXTK. 8.. Vffi each: C. M. H.. $80: Mr*. Robert F^.jrwick. »»: Miss Mary T. Oarley. $25; Mr--. Hartman Kuhn, $»: Mrs. Charles H. Coster, G. T. Train. Al6>n SI. Youisk and 8. ■ Nelleon. HO tuci : K. T.. 55; Mm. Sarah 12. Pier. A. I>. H. and Mm. y.ary B. Surdam. 55 each; M. A.. 14; Marguerite Vr., Mrs. r, i. ;; M ie 6, O. /v. and "ITiist Orasre/' AnlbnanmW J/J?.V. BROWN DISCHARGED. Fight Follows Release of Mrs. Vcr raulVs Chum.' ■ Mrs. Brown had her day yesterday in the stormy period through which she and Mrs. Blna Verrault have been passing since some of those who had answered their matrimonial advertise ments turned on them recently. Mrs. Brown was discharged by Magistrate Crane in the West Side court "when she was ar raigned on toe charge of stealing laces valued at $300 from a Syrian, Abdulla Habeeb, and later had a receiver appointed for her by Justice Seabury in the City Court, after being examined in supplementary proceedings. Magistrate Crane held that the charge of grand larceny against the woman was not proven, and ruled that she had simply been unable to keep the agreement she had entered into for the pay ment for the lace. Mrs. Brown's lawyer. Charles O. Maaa, offered in evidence a piece of paper alleged to have been signed by the Syrian, agreeing to accept pay ment at the rate of $75 a month. The Syrian denied having signed the paper, but, Magistrate Crane, after comparing it with the acknowledged writing of Habeeb, ruled that the writing was the same, and thereupon ordered Mrs. Brown's discharge. After Mrs. Brown left the court her "butter," Gregory Allen, got into a fight with the Syrian on the sidewalk, and both men were arrested. The Syrian had attempted to serve papers In a civil suit on Mrs. Brown. Charles La Rue, counsel for Frank J. Wei ten. a butcher of No. 24UD Broadway, who obtained a judgment for $1,010 against Mrs. Brown some time ago, examined her in supplementary pro ceedings yesterday morning. She swore that she had no more than S3 in money, and that her personal property consisted only of a couch, two beds and some clothing. She was asked about the lace, and replied that she had given some of it away, and was having the rest cleaned to return to the dealer. Habeeb. Justice Seabury appointed Walter B. Walker to act as receiver for Mrs. Brown, to seek out any assets she may have and to administer them for the benefit of the creditors. drove off avto thieves Home of Employe of Oyster Bay Bank Attacked. The burglars who have recently been doing business with an automobile In Nassau County paid a visit early on Thursday morning to the home of Harry Hayward, an employe of the Oyster Bay Bank, who lives in East Norwich, and escaped In their car as Hayward, roused by his young son. blaxed away at them with a re volver. Two of the thieves, of whom there were five in all, climbed up Into the room of young Gordon Hayward and awakened him by flashing an electric light in his face. The boy screamed and so aroused his father. The authorities of Nassau County seem to be at a losg to account for tho Invariable escape of the thieves after their raids. The last seen of them after their latest escapade was by a milk man. He is said to have seen thorn on the way to Oyster Bay, where the Secret Service men who surround the President are keeping a sharp lookout. An automobile party of five men spent the early part of Wednesday night at a road house near the Hayward home, and it is sup posed to be this party which attempted to rob the house. It is believed that Sheriff Glldersleeve and District Attorney Coles will take to roaming the roads of the county In a car themselves, but they would say nothing of their plans yesterday. COMMENT OVER ARMORY. Colonel Bates Still Silent on Use by Opera Companies. The announcement published In The Tribune yes terday morning that the 71st Regiment Armory Is being used at present by over a half dozen thea trical companies for rehearsal, with the sanction of the officers of the regiment, caused considerable unfavorable comment yesterday from both city of ficials and officers of regiments. It was said that while the State of New York is the legal custodian of the armory, such use of company rooms In an armory is unheard of and without precedent. Adjutant General Nelson H. Henry is the officer in command of all the armories of the state, with Major General Charles F. Roe. commander of the National Guard, second In command. Colonel Will iam G. Bates of the 71st Regiment Is in immediate command of his own armory, being responsible only to the officials named. Acting Mayor McGowan. In speaking of the per mission being granted, said that it was news to him and that he had never heard of such a thing before. "I am certainly sure," he said, "that the com panies never received any permission from the Ar- I mory Board. I never heard of such a thins. Armo ries, after having been accepted, are really under slate control. But If permission for such rehearsals | was desired, while the state would grant the per mission, undoubtedly the courtesy would bo shown the Armory Board to co-operate with the Adjutant General. "There was a case some months ago when various persons desired to lease the 69tH Regiment Armory lor a food show. The Armory Board still had control at that time, as the armory had never been formally accepted. We considered the request and refused It. as we found there was no right or law to allow such lease." Colonel Bates again refused to discuss the mat ter yesterday. The companies continued to re hearse at the armory. The passireby were so In terested yesterday In the unusual use of a regi mental armory that they stood in groups listening to the singing and watching Hie drilling of ballets . and various Intricate marches. ; Adjutant General Henry was not in the city yes ; terday, but is expected to-day. General Hoe was I also away from the city. It is understood that Colonel Bates. in command of the regiment, did not ' get official sanction from the state authorities, but granted permission on his own resppnaibillty. This ; was done, it is said, as no pay is being: received , for the urn of the company rooms, the only under ! standing being a reciprocal feeling between regi : ment and players, in which the actors will contrib : ute to an entertainment at the armory in October, ; when the armory is formally dedicated. COLLEGE FOR FIREMEN. Such Is Fire Commissioner's Plan — Asks $6,000,000 Bonds. The establishment of a "firemen's college" in this city is the novel recommendation of Fire Com missioner O'Brien in his latest report to the Mayor about department affairs. He asks that $250,000 be appropriated for the college and suggests that a suitable site for it can be found either in The Bronx or In Richmond. Mr. O'Brien cays that the needs of the department have outgrown the school of instruction at Fire Headquarters, in East 67th street, where young firemen on probation have been taught the use of scaling ladders and life-saving appliances, and that the department now needs a larger school, where the beginners can have a regular course of Instruction to fit them to be good firemen. His rec ommendations do not include the hiring of outside professors or the conferring of any degrees on trraduates. With the report was made public yesterday a letter of the Comlssloner to the Mayor, recommend ing an Issue of $6,000,000 of bonds, the money to be •pent for Fire Department improvements within three years. For a new fire alarm telegraph ser vice alone, the Commissioner says, $2,000,000 will be required. It has been found, he says, that a new fire alarm service is needed for the city. He wants to spend $100,(iOO a year also for placing fire alarm wires underground In part* of the city where over head wires row have to be used. For new buildings, with their site*. Mr. O'Brien wants 51.0Q0.CU>. He alia wants $400,000 for new buildings on sites already owned by the city, and $200,000 for alterations to old buildings. Included In the Commissioner's requests also are $300,000 for new tire apparatus. f3OO.OU> for new hose and $000, 006 for an increase of the uniformed force. ■ The report shows that there were 8,729 fires in the city which required the attention of the firemen in ISO 3. The loss by ail the fires amounted to 15.271.955. The Insurance on the properly affected amounted to flCl ..',41,501. DIVORCE FROM ACTRESS GRANTED. It was learned yesterday that Justice MucLean, of the Supreme Court, on Tbi£f!sd&y granted an in terlocutory decree of divorce In the suit for abso lute divorce brought by Mark T. Lovett against his wife, Josephine, who play* Die It-tiding part in "The Lion and tiie Mouse" at the Lyceum Theatre. Tr.ts <■!•-•• elves the custody of a. nine-year-old „,,. to the father, and provides, further that tba mother shall m-kc no effort to tan the child nor to interfere with. Wa t-'ucaUca. . — -^-- •■- NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SATI KDAY. AUOUST 25. 1906. TAG'URT POKER CHIPS. Sporting Implement* To lie Used in Political Campaign. Indianapolis. Aug. =3 (Special).— hun dred poker chips bearing: the well known trade mark of Tom Taggart's "Pluto" springs water are In the hands of the Republican county chairman of Indiana, and will be distributed to the speakers this fall. Of course, they are to be exhibited a3 evidence that Taggart was Interested in the gam bling that has tieen so long openly carried on at French Lick. for. an proprietor of the hotel and chief owner of the stock of the company, he has had entire control of all business matters, and the advertisement of the "Pluto" spring has been depended upon for attracting people to the resort. By putting the trademark on the poker chips, which the Republican orators are expected to ex hibit at their meetings, Taggart Is assumed to have admitted a right to do so, and therein shown to the world that he was financially interested In the gambling for which they were used at the resort. The Democrats do not intend to make any de fence of Taggart's connection with the French Lick gambling rooms, but seem disposed to ignore the fact that the casino was raided and the gam bling paraphernalia confiscated by tho state. In fact, In view of the report of State Auditor Blgler, who notified Taggart of the violations of law at the resort, it would bo folly to enter any denial, but It will be attempted to show that, admitting that gambling was going on. Taggart took steps to stop it as soon as he was apprised of the fact. As a counter attack upon the Republicans the Democrats are preparing to charge that Governor Hanly knew that ejectment proceedings had been Instituted, and, fearing that the gamblers would be dispossessed before political capital could be made out of the existing conditions, he and Attorney General Miller organized the raid and simultane ously, Instituted the proceedings which sought to annul the charter of the company. But whatever may be the attitude of the two parties toward the question of gambling at French Lick, there can be no doubt that the Democrats feel that they have lost greatly on account of the exposure. In every county in the state there are men who have been ranked as the supporters of Taggart who are now demanding that he refrain from any active participation in the campaign. Many of these believe that It would be to the ad vantage of the party if he would resign me na tional chairmanship, but they admit that such a step would be terribly humiliating, and they do not join their voices to the few .vho are demanding such action. The sentiment that is now so antagonistic to Taggart is not confined to liie Democrats, who are identified with the moral reforms that are in prog ress in Indiana. These, of course, are of one mind regarding the evils that attend upon his further connection with the party, but outside of them there Is a large class of practical politicians who would be glad if Taggart would step down and out, and give the party a chance to select a na tional chairman who would not be hampered as he now is. While there has been a remarkable change In Democratic sentiment regarding Taggart in the last six months, there has been quite as remark able a change in respect to the point of view from which the campaign in Indiana Is seen. Before the raid on the French Lick and West Baden casinos the party lead mid the rank and file were full of confidence. It was believed that nalns would be made In the Congressional delegation, thai Democratic state officers would be elected, and that the lower house of the Legislature would cer tainly be Democratic, and largo Inroads made upon the Republican majority in the State Senate. Doubt has succeeded to this con:ldence, and even among the sanguine it is having the effect of dampening their ardor, and to some extent curbing their effort. In the counties where there are pronounced ma jorities tho leaders do not expect any marked effect upon the party, but in the Republican counties the Democrats seem to have gone to pieces over the Taggart developments, and It Is th3re that the sentiment against him is most pronounced. Both parties will take the sixty-day poll on Sep tember 1, and the Democratic leaders are looking forward with much Interest to its showing. Two years ago the first poll showed a Republican ma jority of 43.000 In the state, and in November it reached 52.000 at the polls. If the poll shows a substantial return of Democrats to the fold this year and the Republican majority In the state is cut to 20.000 or 25,00!), the leaders will feel that there Is at least a show for carrying the state with a popular Presidential candidate in 1908. All work Is now really preliminary to the campaign of two years hence, and the Republicans and Democrats both are to make the flght this year with their eyes anxiously fixed on the future. TP.IFD TO WRECK TROLLEY CAR One Hundred and Fifty Women and Children Returning from Beach in Danger. An attempt was made yesterday afternoon in broad daylight to wreck a Rockaway trolley car loaded with women and children. The effort failed by a narrow margin, and most of the pas sengers did not know their danger. The reason for making the attempt is shrouded In mystery, as robbery must have been entirely out of th« question. Some of the officials of the company Operating the line believe boys did It. The trolley car was carrying nearly one hun dred and fifty persons from the beach at Far Rockaway to Jamaica when it ran into a cleverly arranged obstruction near Springfield. An Iron tod about four feet long had been wedged In the track in such a manner as to be difficult to dis tinguish from northbound cars. The motorman failed to see the rod until his car was within a very short distance. In the belief that the weight of the car might overcome the resistance of the obstruction he put on full speed. The car smashed its way through the obstruction and littlo damage was done. A movement in nearby bushes showed some one was hiding. Deep ditches flank the tracks. LATIN-AMERICAN TOPICS. One of the three ex-Presldenta of the Argentine Republic who died recently, promptly following each other to the grave— Quintano. Bartolomeo Mitre and Pellegrini— will soon have a monument erected in his honor, mainly through the efforts of foreigners In the capital. Tlie 'Standard -1 of Buenos Ayres. says that the committee Intrusted with the execution of the bust of the late Lieuten ant General and President. Don Ita.ru>loineo Mitre to which so many hundreds of the British commu nity subscribed, with the object of placing it in Prince George's Hall, as a permanent tribute on the part of the British resident in Argentina to bin memory, has confided the work to an Argentine sculptor. Tiw committee waa In consultation with Emilio Mitre, representing the Mitre family, with regard to the form in which the lineaments of the deceased statesman were to be represented. In the republic of Paraguay the date of August 86, 1906, was chosen for the election in the districts of the Presidential and Vice-Presidential electors. These men will meet on September 25 # to proceed to iho election of the President and the Vice-President of the republic. Apropos of Paraguay, its govern ment, at whose head Is President Cecilto Baer. n doctor and well known diplomatist, as well as a literary man famous in Latin America, has given one more evidence of friendly esteem of the United States by sending there four young men to be edu cated In North American establishments. They do not speak English yet. but they are living with American families, where they will learn the lan guage quickly, for they have already received a good education In their country and are Intelli gent. These young men will stay for two or three years in the T'nited States, and will then return to occupy official positions in Paraguay. Two of them will etuily agronomy and the veterinary art; an otner, commerce and mercantile affairs in general and the fourth one, civil engineering. Next re&r the Paraguayan government will send six or eight young men to the United States. Students from Asuncion and other towns of Paraguay are kept at the expenee of their country In German, French and other educational establishments in Europe It would have been considered as next to im possible that church profanations could occur in such a religious land as is Latin America. Still, In the Republic of Colombia, which has been so much mentioned lately In the newspapers, on ac count of the quarrel between President General Reyes ana Mr. Mendoza, his former minister at Washington, a great scandal has be-on occasioned by a daring robbery committed in a sacred build- Ing. It was in the Cathedral of Santa Mart a. The burglar forced the doors of the temple and took away a magnificent "ostensoir," which was the finest Jewel and ornament of that church. The. value of the object is considerable, for It is adorned with a large number of big emeralds and splendid rubies. The government of Peru, like most of those In Latin America, has sent to the United States and to Europe aeveral young Peruvians to follow the courses of universities, colleges, etc. It has also for several years past Intrusted the instruction of. its soldiers and officers to a French military com mission, at the head of which was Colonel Clement, detailed by the government at I'ariß. Peru has just Rone further In its policy of giving a good ■leal of foreign teaching to Its Juvenile population. Six weeks ago the steamer Cl*fll landed at <".illuu six (i( iiaan professors engaged by special contract with the government at Lima to "tako charge of the direction and management of the national col- IVkVS,'* -.. — - — ■ - - — ■ --~ — — — —- - ■»-■ • w - f Interest TOTOMEN iiumlm; orchids. A Speeialht's Search fnr Hare Specimen* in Tropic Forests. Few lovers of that beautiful and fantastic flower, the orchid, have any idea of the terrible dangers and hardships that are faced by those who go into the wildest depths of tropic forests In search of new and rare specimens. Bach is the mission of Nelson E. Fraser, an orchid specialist, the representative of an English firm of florists, who arrived In New York this week en route for Brazil and Ecuador, in whose for ests rare specimens of the coveted blossoms are to be found. Mr. Fraser, who is a brawny Scot. 6 feet 3 Inches in height, has visited every tropical forest where orchids are to be found, and has discovered several very rare specimens. One of these he discovered in a native burial place in New Guinea only a little more than a year ago. under somewhat ghastly circum stances. "The cemetery was a kind of plateau among the hills," eaid Mr. Fraser In an Interview at the Ashland House, "and the bodies were simply laid on the rocks till the bones were bleached in the sun. I found the orchid rooted among the bones, covering them with a mantle of gorgeous flowers. "At first the natives refused tq allow the relics of their ancestors to be disturbed, but a liberal supply of mirrors and tinsel ornaments, which I had purchased from a street vender here In New Tork. at last modified their views on the subject. Many of the plants could not be torn off the bones, and one skull I removed with an orchid firmly rooted in the brain cavity and growing out of the Jaw." Speaking of the hardships of orchid hunting; Mr. Fraser said he had often had wounds all over his body from the bites of the red spider and other insects and from prickly brushwood. "And even when the orchfcl has been found," he continued, "the task of getting it to Eng land presents difficulties that are often in superable. For example, a fine orchid is found in a very out-of-the-way part of Colombia. After being gathered the plant is wired to a stick and nailed inside a box. These boxes are conveyed on a Journey of several days to Bo gota, whence another six days' Journey takes them to Honda, where they are placed on rafts and conveyed down the Magdalena River to Bavanllla — a fortnight's Journey. There the steamer is awaited. And when at last, after a heavy outlay, the consignment reaches England, quite half the specimens will be dead. In many cases the whole of them will be too far gone for recovery. "Three years ago I sent to my firm in Eng land from Colombia 2,700 valuable plants, and of these only two survived the voyage. They were sold for $40 each — not a high price when one considers what they had cost. "Owing to the extreme delicacy of some of the species, and the necessity of protecting them from sudden changes of temperature, it is often necessary to hire the cabins on passenger steamers for the accommodation of the orchids. "When orchtde are first taken out of their cases on arrival at their destination they look sufficiently unpromising to the inexperienced eye. Dry, shrivelled, and apparently lifeless. It seems hardly possible that they will ever re cover. By careful doctoring, however, they are brought back to life. "At the present day an orchid will generally reach the flowering stage In about five years, and until It flowers Its value Is entirely specu lative. Its species is, In most cases, readily de termined, but it may present some variation which will greatly enhance its value. For ex ample, a certain orchid with a purple flower may be worth about a dollar, while an example of the same species with a white flower would bring $500. The value of a plant depends upon its rarity and. novelty, even more than upon its beauty. "On one occasion my firm sold an orchid of a fairly common species for BO cents. When it flowered. It turned out to be an entirely novel variety, and the firm actually bought it back for $2,500. "Many of the most costly varieties of the orchid now on the market," added Mr. Fraser. "have been produced by artificial hybridization. This method of cultivation is a rather exciting speculation. It is a kind of Stock Exchange of the horticultural world. Unexpected fortunes await the fortunate hybrilirer who chances to develop a novelty. But It is largely a matter of chance, for you can never reckon with cer tainty on the result of a cross between two orchids. The same cross on two different occa sions may result In the production of quite dif ferent varieties, and as it takes some five years before the new plant flowers you will see there Is plenty of room for speculation. "It must not be supposed that the orchid is necessarily so expensive as to be beyond the means of those of modest incomes. Rare and novel species command extravagant prices, but these are often not the most beautiful varieties, and the rarities are always becoming common. An orchid may fall from $2"iO to $1 within a few years, and a consignment of seventy thou sand plants may, in a single day, bring down the price of a costly species." ING 3 tLEAf? ••I wish. said the matron, "that some way could be devised to give women vacations. Kvery summer we hear wails about the poor men who have to stay In th*» city while their wives flee to seashore and mountain. But really it is the women who never get any vacation. The dictionary defines a vacation as 'Intermission of a stated employment.* Now, what intermission of her stated employment does the mother of a family ever get? She may change her environment, but the same old cares and worries are with her still. To a father the material cares of a country cottage may be only an inter esting diversion. It Is positively exhilarating to him to go walking, or swimming, or fishing with the children, of whom he sees comparatively little dur ing his working days; but to the mother these things are merely the same old grind. The only way for her to secure an Intermission of her stated employment Is to get away from her children, and I have yet to learn how that can be accomplished. But It "is not only mothers who cannot get any rest. A woman's cares, whether she hi married or single, pursue her everywhere. She can't even get started on her vacation without a whole lot of worry about clothes, and afterward she bus to wear them. There is no wilderness so wild as to let a woman escape altogether from the cares of the toilet. Neither can she escape, unless she flees altogether from boci<?ty. the obligation to be agree able and entertaining. But who expects a man to be agreeable when he Is tired?" Women who can sail their own catboats along the bays and coves of a summer resort are as thick as Huckleberries in a Massachusetts pasture, but women who have the nerve and the seamanship to navigate a ship, on blue water to the other end of the world are still scarce. Two cf the latter will soon meat, however. If all goes well, at the Crosettes. in the Indian Ocean. Both are married women, and both, as luck would have It, are on whalers. Mrs. Honor K. Karle. who has shipped on her husband's whnllng bark as "assistant navi gator," can sail the Charles W. Morgan about as well as her husband, the Morgan's skipper. Mrs. Horace Smith, the other woman navigator. Is now on tho Crosettea whaling ground. "That Watertown, N. V.. merchant who celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of his entry into business by opening a bank account for every boy an.l girl between the ages of four and sixteen In th« city of Watertown knew what he was about," said a teacher the other day. "The habit of savins money systematically has never been extolled particularly by professional teachers of ethics, but it la doubt ful, taking life as It comes to most men and women, whether there is one of the more highly extolled virtues that operated more for th« happi ness and moral vanity of those who practise It than tho prosaic quality Of thrift. This watertown man will start each of his buy and girl fellow | citizens In life with $1. Each of his bcaeSeiarto^ must deposit 10 cents a week for one year, at the expiration of which time 31 extra will bi artdea to the account. The account may then be withdrawn. It Is expected that tbe habit formed by the weekly deposits will be continued In after liie. IV ho can say how many future Jay Goulds and Russell Sages may not be learning their, first Iwwoos this minute In Watertown?" Red hatr Is at a premium In lowa Just bow. for the county fairs all over tbe state have decided to regard auburn tresses as an open sesame to their precincts. The state fair management Is talking of taking similar action, so by tbe time the fairs are all over It was thought that the number of red haired women in the ninety-nine counties will be fairly well establish**. There Is gr*at rivalry be tween the towns of Monroe and Shenandoah In the matter. Monroe claiming to have ninety-seven red haired maids and matrons out of a population of •73. while Shenandoah has undertaken to produce twice that number. "How common It used to be. when a college girl married, to hear people exclaim: 'What a pity they wasted a college education on her!' " a mar ried college woman waa saying the other day. "But I haven't beard it lately so much, and maybe the idea is slowly dying out. There was a time when even the college graduate herself felt that her home offered little scope for her acquirements in chem istry, sociology and so on. She knows better now. Besides, not a few married college women make considerable money as a result of their coups*. training. Many write, some are engaged as pro fessionals In charity work, some teach in schools and colleges, and others assist their husbands In their professions. But the public and the college graduate alike seem to have waked up to the fact that the domestic career In Itself oners a wide scope both for study and action." DIARIES OF YOUNG GARDENERS Soir.e Realistic Pictures as Drawn by Chil dren in De Witt Clinton Par;. These are breathless days In the famous farm gardens In De Witt Clinton Park. The first crops having bean harvested with passionate Joy by the nearly five hundred young farmers who bad brought them to maturity, the second crop has now been planted, and tiny onions. Brussels sprouts and beets are piercing the brown sell of the little plots, from the pergola on the one hand to the bathhouse on the other. Each child plants seven vegetables in bis garden. "Say. missis, can't I have one er them graves?" demanded an earnest-eyed urchin of an official yes terday. They do look awfully like graves, those garden plots, especially when a child sticks a little Ameri can flag into the head of his, as one youngster did. The children In that part of the city take It hard ly when they fall to get a garden at the appor tioning of the plots. Lawrence was on* of those who grieved. For three' summers l*wtence sat on the fence, asking pathetically at short Intervals. "When kin I have a garden?" They got so tired of Lawrence that they kept driving him off. but he would always come back, and at last, this summer, be became old enough to receive a plot. He has a round moon face and looks as If he didn't know beans, but that's a mis take; he is one of the smartest youngsters la the whole collection. "I decided the garden had to be stiffened up this summer," said Mrs. Henry Parsons, founder of the gardens, "so I gave out some rules and said to the children: 'Now. I'm going to throw the re sponsibility of keeping these on you. There are 472 of you; that's too many to watch. Bach of you must write these rules on the front page of your diary, and then you must see that you keep them.' "The rules are: 'Honesty, truthfulness, courtesy, justice.' No second tag will be given out If you lose your tag you lose your plot. Don't forget your pencil." "It Is wonderful what a great moral Impingement has taken place In the gardener*." said Mrs. Par sons in telling about it Each child must write out these rules in his or her diary- After that It Is all voluntary. Some children keep their diaries minutely, noting each day's performance, the weather, the state of the crops, etc. At any time of the day youngsters can be seen lying on their stomachs in the paths draw ing pictures of their plots or of some pet vegetable. One lad hauled out a bench and. planting himself upon it at full length, proceeded to sketch each onion, bean and beet. Sometimes the little fingers get mixed up on the hard names and the pages get to be as plentifully strewn with, "ons." "con." "lettua." "betts" and "oucnbres" as the plota are with the real thing. Some of the Illustrations, too, are weird, as when one youngster portrayed the laborer who prepares tbe gardens with the "bad words" coming out of his mouth in a black haze. These long, midsummer days bring some strange but delightful visitors to the farm gardens. Last week a Tittle girl came along with her skirt gath ered tightly around her to form a sack in front. "Won't you take my chicken?" she pleaded. "Can't." replied Mrs. Parsons; "It would scratch, up all our seeds." "That's feist it." returned tbe child. He s got his toes all crumpled up under him, and the doctor says he can't get well unless he has a garden to scratch In. We've had him out on the fire escape, but he'll never get well there. So please!" But Mrs. Parsons was hard hearted. "We have too much respect for our seeds to want them to be scratched up." she repeated, and. disappointed, the girl turned away. But that conception of the park as a sanatorium for crippled or ailing animals haunts THE TRIBUNE PATTERN. Nothing makes more graceful dresses for dinner and other occasions of semi-dr*ss than radium silk. Here is one made after so recent a design that it can be relied upon for the fall, as well as for the present, and Is charming In the extreme. The waist is absolutely novel, and Is trimmed with bands of taffeta, embroidered In pastel colors, over which are applied the extensions of the waist, the fulness below these extensions being laid in box pleats. 10 CENTS FOR EACH PATTERN WANTED. The skirt i» seven gored, •imply gathered at the belt, and In this instance Is trimmed with bands el lac* and frills of ribbon. It liked, the sleeve* can be made long, but the elbow sleeves are M much more graceful, so much more fashionable and so generally becoming, that they are In every way to be preferred. For a woman of medium .size will be required, for the waist, three and one-half yards of material 21 inches wide, three and on -eighth yard* 27 inches wide or one and seven-eighths yards 44 inches wide, with one-half yard of all-over lace and one-half yard of «ilk fur bands; for the skirt, nine and one fourth yards 21 or 27 Inch- wido or five and thr«c eighthe yard» 44 incur it wide, with ten yards of lacu handing and thirty yards of ribbon for the frills. The pattern of the waist. No. ».4», to cut In nls«» U to 40 Inches buat. und of th* skirt. No. 4,732, in fcizes 22 to &> Inches waist. Bach pattern will be sent to any address on re ceipt of 10 cents. Pleas* give number of pattern and bust and waist measure distinctly. Address Pattern Department, New-York Tribune. If in v hurry for pattern, send an extra two-cent stamp. and wo -will mult by letter vantage in MM en* RnoX MATS Alt now on sale through out the country. 452 s th A*e.. cor. 4si Si, 194-5:11 Awe , sth &k. Hot;], IS9 Broadway, near Dry St. '"^ IP v "P U r'vißr 'viß CCOI> CHSSIt. HST* JOB had! • k*a£a«9s ■*»«»_ Paw It on. T— cm rrtea tar |M ihr.t- Pass It en. tat It travel down tie y-» v l^-t It wlp* another*- team TO In k«m tfea dead *B*JBJ| Pans Ucr.. i Beneath the night that covers me. Black as the Pit from pole to pel*,, I thank whatever gods there be For my unconquerable iouL — W. B. J->r 1% . MONET RECEIVED. The Tonkers member who mad* the app^. *j ! the two Virginia sisters ha* brought to th (sj ■ 9SS 90, the contribution of herself and friends t* I tbe fence fund. Only C more is needed to cos i plete the work that will be a lasting good to tan* aged and self-supporting women for the rer-v-i« i of their lives. B. L. has given $1 for TahraJM I box; O. H. M.. of Brooklyn, ft for trcUay rani for the poor German woman and her lnvatat an> band, who Is bo crippled he can walk only a shirt distance. Susie T. Baldwin and her xsatta; 3 cents for dime fund, and S. C. a cents In stsssja THANKS FROM THE BLIND. One of the younger members of the blind Batty to whom th* T. S. S. gave a trolley ride ■■*«■ the following typewritten letter of thanks: Kindly accept this Tetter of thaatsfci »*j*» of all those who went on th» BuasM— t»r.*r party last week. It «v. certainly an «£«&& time, the air was so refreshing, and wli-a w* reached Fort George the unexpected treat otiss cream served in cake cornucopias was a JfUgMM surprise. Although we did not see what was **« I on around us. we could listen and tali and i It almost as though we had slgnt. And why ast? ! Aren't we human beings, with _ hearts and_b*m> Ing and brains? Some people think that ti u . *■■ i we are blind we ought to be shut away from the i world and the pleasures of life. *"<****»•• I good God who doesn't think so. \»e see dewy mentally than those who have sight, our tea; ! £iTtastr*r.Bthened and cur sense of touch te ejW ! ttvated beyond the power of those who se-. Sen* I have a lot to be thankful for. and we put »«»»■* to work and do the best we c:in. I** kindly sent to me will be made "» ***£*** 5. 1 T S. s° may direct. We all thank ??nAa i again for a happy day. and are hoping that •• I may look forward to another such treat next year !IT we live. Yours In Sunshta$ R SCOWAKTZ. BRANCH REPORT. President of th* T. 8. Sw: On May a I earned | thirteen young girls as members of the Asc;** I (Fla.) branch of the T. S. S. They meet wttk — I every Tuesday and w* read, sirs; and work, East 1 embroider, several hemstitch, one make* Batt*> \ burs lace, and all nave learned to make wire grass baskets. We have given a -pound party" to 9* 1 poor widow with the aged blind brother and fee-'- ; irlnded sister to support. We also took after th*» i systematically, and contribute a sm*H som *t money from our due* monthly to an old lady de:«-. ■ dent on charity. Th* nearly three months ofststg ! service of these little ones. In "passing on ■■» i cSeer as I have mentioned, also postcards. K»e=« matter and flowers, makes them, wortiiy menx!«.« ! Of We OU a r rfw^k O lnfwrt hh n n tTe object in view £ tog. i ing a bazaar next w rter to get menns for our v^ poses. Ai.v material will be most acceptable at «*y rloves. preferably black, which is not obtains** h We are planning many souvenirs to send we: ite the winter holidays. I have reported freqaesU7^> 1 Mrs McLean, our state president who aJil— ff 1 helps us. The new members •^H?f t^JH£ l ffia» Mildred Willowford. Ada and Mattle. l£*«k3~ Smith. Ruth Lin. Willie Champney. HW£ i Annie Jor.es. Edith Corton. Lillian and Jttist «• *JSKouS oxte^ta V ie?7S.T. had a ham «i mer. Your, 1-J-jg^ upgcoMß. ]*•** Apopka. Fla. REPLY. Flchers Island. 55. T.: The religious paper ■*&tl for has been supplied by a Sunshine mesa m Irvtogton. N. Y. FOR CHRISTMAS BOX. An excellent contribution for the Christmas^* for the Labrador children has been received wlw the name of th** donor. There were velvet pin •»■»■ needle book silk bag. warm bed socks •»*** i f£ l — everything new and fresh. Contributions 1» this box shoild be sent before September d. It's faith In something- and enthusiasm far s***» thing that makes a. life worth looking at.— Hals** ' HEALTH* S£AUTY ■ — s. j There Is a lot of common «en?» In th» susJ**tic» of a contributor to a midsummer woman's «■!•»• sine that three rests of ten minutes each in *-• course of the day are worth a great deal more ti a woman than on* lone nap after luncheon. TSO Is only an extension of the practice la every gyrsta- Elum. where frequent i>*riod» of relaxation rath* than one lon* rest are the rul-. To set i:-.<* most re freshment out of your ton minutoa •trete* cut *■* on the floor or bed. all the muscles relaxed ■ I> ™ u^ as possible, and the mtr.d switched off »• »r» may be from the thought of housework or stner or whatever it Is that has been engasinir one » •' tention. Some women rind a real reer«at:on p!:innlr!>? a new dress or a little outing. Oiner *JsT the same relief ..at of repeating » favorite P°*=*r It doesn't matter In th« leant what it ts »o tons •» It changes the direction of the mind a"" r*i»»«» the nervous tension. Grumpy old ba~h«>k>» may snort and fu»»y ••*• maids may deny it. but there is doubtless WM* truth In the statement made hy "T:n> Lancet/ t&» authoritative Ba^aa medical Journal, that ate* naughty children ar.» sick children. "A ';"*?. amount of the so-called naughtiness of yhii.liem.. says -The Lancet." "may be accounted tor vp \> grounds which quite exclude th« tl'" slrab ' u a— punishment for i:» correction." %m©ii« "*£ r - round»" art- Insufficient »!**;>. excitement. o»« flowing animal spirits or actual illwa«e In '; * \!, of supereenaUive nerves. Further. "The l>a ._>; b«l<!s. "the faculty of lmlttiton b •tiaastj l ' l J£! oped In some -hlMren. and th*-y may copy k»^Y?T i.u-sly a bad habit in .led or in word of a p*r«>* or a teacher.** _ WHEN IN GERMANY SE S'J*E 70 SEE GRUSF'LO-S USES &TGEE, 20, 21, Lcipzlger Street, Berlin W. OWN MILLS LASDESHUr. SILESIA.