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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, September 23, 1906, Image 51

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ZI'LC CUSTOMS.
jTcU Defied L**> Seemingly of
Semitic Origin.
,-*• I* tr-«- keynote of the sta
mmm
**?. To tt white. Each kraal (villas;*) 1.
the Immediate coutrol of a headman.
Vc-prnsiM* to his superior for the good
• ruct^-rslly •*» roMtlcally of every member
ffS r^smunltr. Over the headsman. wbn«
„ . may ... extend to • Ml than ■-■•
* U . j t : le district tnduna (chieftain), who
W**; la turn is directly responsible .and ■*•>
*W hf id k» « the paramount chief, who x*»
* 2 ." ", : , tf .-.- and death. «.:.i In -;•■* of
sS*ecSrt «*• twqueatly **"-•■- than
."and cftcn relegated to the induna of a fll*;
F i Th't aiuae feudal system facilitates the
' Sfflzation of the Zulu army, and makes It the
Stable power it Is; for in *plte of the dls
\uZat of an influenced press, the Zulu military
i-s^izstion U I y DO m.-ans dormant, and not
T&tn teavtt for the mlaca or other centre
c . YatoXXJ who dots net know to what Impl M
:a .!,J, or the xwrtlcular lnduna he would
X£ to *ne la event (4 a .all to arm. by tba
Mamoosl chief.
D-uuiu. like his father, aooa came to ctom-
K-ar* utta the HrltJs'i. and he too. w:» UU»-
S: C ,r tt. ,\. h. »it» hinxlliu at bla
fc ead kr^i. a,;^:.^ ur^nren.ed al ke b» -
estreat*, of to Wlow oatlw ehU-i* or the
c Ll* OM tut all tU while s-.each.j COOaoU
<Uub« vi.d «renstb«nu^ hi- poatttoa.
Ll .a-r »di a re«imo and pru. Ucal y *-l
«S«d HttA U I. P« su^risi:..; that t..c
Zulu. toT« a code of definite and ud U,t -d
H« ui.i.h. if BiwrrtUea. arc- tuisdiy baeed oa
■sdtnt «m*M and uadttlaM. mad lavWa:
i.« v tboa. of tfaa ttefla «u,d Per«Un«. as:d »oj
Sractid. or mfcta«aafflt of which Uay are
panlculariy jealou. of; am .ns the« are an t-tob
boo* but eyatematla law of benta«e. mamW
unooal eatata. cbleflr cowJrttaf of cattlj au
lv- fia bdoi beld ka comaoatty. U» eompM»«
of RCO Btoa Ulfms from the jrattice Of poW
iia y.thellXta««l r.M'^'-»"yonaki-aalfer
tun or otoM ■«»«« propoV « person com -
Li-.u-d ty a»7 of tti member* and tte trial or
pmO&axst weatuaUjr of the cßJprtt
„ i,unhu S , or barter «f *i brttt from h,r
futh.r or purfllaa. agamrt a prk* recogrtaed by
UV. with e«ltttl restrictions and anouJmcct la
|h« , red of f : u.urc to o :.*um:n.v.e the marriage.
Uirrcnncis. inlMKity. or divorce on any of the
jc^aJ crasad* prrmtttftd by custom.
Oa the mtricau law of lobola an- baaed many
of the custom* and usapes nf the tribe; It i.
£n;.:y btodto* oa the oanTrartmi l ■«*«* rerog-
Bbed by O» Uritish avMrameot. and l'» pro
vi-iu-.a may be eoforoed either la the natne
Bflmaib or DM ■*«• courts of the- protectorate, ■
in tv- aveat ol a Zulu aiahtnc to marry, be. [
tbrougr. a Ulead, approacbe. the father or guar- \
da.r. ff the damsel of his cholr« and ascertains i
what value that worthy sits up. n th<- charms or
accasmHafcmesta of the lady, whose wiehes la
the inatttr aro addoa consulted, aad a bargain- •
ir.g then aetl In that would ehanie two Port SaM
lewxttnai. Tenna having t^t-n agreed upon.
pneraUy b lb« isapc of ao many head of cattle.
t . ■ r':i::« t'< T).- wealth <>f the brJltgrooaj and j
f:^ 1 Hag or beauty. et&. of the bride, but never i
ten !!:a:i etevea bead of cattle or their equivalent :
value, that I>. r;t: :h>- l<-w.st legal limit, f>ne-
U.irj 'I fh" contract prlc U «er.t to th« father i
ot the jTos-i'vethv bride ly her suitor, who then j
l.r the fcrt ?!!:;•- peraoaally appear* oa tha i
•ceae. Tb« guardian returns a white ox in j
token of aee> ■; :aiu «• nf th« i liarsuln, th«* lirido Is i
bdomeLeßd the betrothal is enmptfttw. On the
day «set ax*rt f<>r th« weddinff the balance of tlw j
laTtrT ync* Qobolal U pent to the j>ar»-iit, trhoj
agiil:! ntttSei the barcsia. and the bride, deoo- I
rxted lor the occasion and attended by her |
astaea ttteada, is tiaited la »at« by her pro-J
t;r.t:ve l.us! a! ]; h< r f;i'!i»T. i^.tM'ik !;• r hands I
b Qat of tne man. ackaowledeea his re. elpt of
the lobola. and d«-clar«-.s In ir<>nt <>f all present
bii conasct to the marriage at bla daughter.
Ti.*« bti&ecroaa lv same mannw acct-yia her]
b treat of in nsmunlty a. "m» lawful wife, i
ar.i Urn 1-?::1 ceremony la complete, th..upri the !
wedding is kept up with feaiitlng and merry- !
r:tK!:.p often lartinx for daya, according t<> the |
«(•.;!::: a:,-: i.. „. .: th< busband.
Then are maay conditions, however, undT j
aUca t!> bushand n ay wlthla v year and a day ]
rcteta the \ rlda to h-r fatber and demand baoit !
6J! or a ponlf>n at tin- lotmla, and this leads t'» j
r.ar.y U^ptrtea and lawFult*. all, h<iwcv<*r, of I
«i.iih an d rided by aa li;f!exil>lb custom froza
Usm ißusemort&L
Polygamy la j:.::,".-t aalreraaSy practised, and
KB toterfexeaoe irould Inevltahly be reaented by
force t.f amis, and a terrible war be the result.
T}.tT« is no restraint us to th«- number <>t wiv.-a
* n-.sn nay bay«, aare only his power of finding
Dm reroute lobola. but be la, however, bounl
by la«- to maintain a aeparata eatabUahment
lor carh epoQM and ber oflaprtaa;. As this con
t:?:s Bcovally of a. reed or wattle and daut>
boa. o&ea boSt by One woman herself. It pre
•■•:/.s bo aerloc. obstacle; two to threw arc,
bovevtr. the general Dumber, except among the
nor? wealthy, while many perforce content
tbrtnaelve. with one partner.
The sner- married, however, the greater th*
wealth of the Zulu, for die women till the lands.
Bow sad r- aa the maize, pather the fuel and,
■wirted by the younger member* of th« house
cold. c . :.:: the hard work of the family, whera
everybody work, but father, the men consider
:: «■•!•••.■ •■.... work :.:...•;; their dignity '^
c. uttea of warzlora, «md rontfint themaelvei
v-lth teiidiiijj the ra,ttl*». conducting the affairs
tt the tribe, for the Zulu In a born polltMan.
ar.a agenda his tune la gossip und drinking
tlva'a (a my.ye 1.-n. content with h'.a lof nor
carinp jur tL« Borrow. Tiiis i>o!ygamou» cus-
Ijsj caste, the dearth <>t labor und all its at-
Rtfaot troubles in South Africa, In a per.lal
c.!tr.at» the Zulu's wants are few; he net-da no
JWtwa; Ms land Er.d cattle, tilled and tended
ty his wl\ es, supply a:; his requirement*. The
*-z&r. In a land when game abounds, affords
gOgatloa *r:d food. Why. therefore, should he
*erk ut all. Bales, cor:;;* lied to tir.d money to
X*r th« miqultoos hut tax lin posed by th«
gaa.whae? Why ahonld they wme with their
'' •..<•! pollec to axrry him, oven If he Is «-m-
PJjbl m v BtUe playful pastime of burning
J=* tt^!.:,. , s kraa] or looting ft whlto settler'd
wan Bky not arise und drive the white man
SLS? 6Oar T - i>y ■*• but a handful, and
]£~f* sad kOUaaj are a Zulu's pasUme iuid
»- r -ew Baws the jrtorlous days of Chaka. So
t*t? Zu:u ' " n ' l tho wUt * s « lrd tht-mselves
-J-* ' coslr.ff fray und wonder whin.
tr.-w* . Ui :r ' '"'*'•'■ X>rt!*tlne state are as a class
•£2*7 hwaiai. honorable, and brave, though
t "^ ~ *-4ftlct»rO to strong drink. «ix>-*»«»dlnprly
V V U: k -- » '.'al to their chiefs. While the
c-T,,- *J» kind hearted. Ru<;d mothTf, und ex
»S?S J« «*2' l« Of the plurality of
ti'e.'rVr*' fc f TP( ' ewO among th*mstlv«>s. do
{* . ,~*^ *ork uniomplalnlngly. und peem to
t » v ••€-'. fcean«-d, haj>;iy >■'■. : ■••■ ! ■ most jiict
,. _'■ ' -* ■ Pl'^ing -">:•'. It is t<> !-' ■'• th" ! ■■' "
tz.o T-*ZT -*Z f-r.d maidens gather at eundown.
f, *; '•j*^'* their weird chants, jir«»ce«-d V> thu
bmSSt* "■ t! " lr <vt-ning supply of water. r«
rt~ft U> r.r .* B jj, and lattath till nightfall,
tat ift? * tr * bnsj Itablft. and practls« ■a
ujwM '^ tn< ' t^* •*■ rule bathe every day, and
trZr2' ti -*' et ranker within their gate« is kindly
,j ■■! .. • can rt'.y on the Integrity and i .- •>• -
V « -if host
ftM ./5 rr * va <4 of the Zulus 1- soft end musical,
•.L., . w Km-crs of rhetoric conßlderaLle, while
B' : ' 1 "J^ak ■ 1...-. of the beauty and tlcxl
32: SL? 1 * I!ir - lv «;njx.rnar ai.d Its cotistruc
triiilL v '•■ f;-«>ken almost throughout a.l the
tli ;!. fe ~0:~ 0:: P O» ruling .a»M-.^. and U4i tells
*>"*■'•♦ 0 ; a conqacrtng I?:. »■ ■..•; -rv>r ru.- ••,
•°«tfc tt'T 1 l " r >' oa 'i the Zambesi afl well as to the
Cst». « ojtea undt-rstool where another lun-
H» **, 5? vernacular.
££~i* UI Y i:t <tT: ' 3 Ilcturesyue : ....... ■- of tho
ll^^r o**''"0 **''"- £y a vu!utn*> and be of . . Iml S
tjsj t*A '-* >■: - ■ forbids; many of their cus
t«j 'J* 0 ' be traced to • Spmltlc origin.
**«& Tv J*"«Ob*l those of tho Jews, among
•;.''• c? circumcision, tho ft-aet of •;. ,
15^ c»n J * l t*'« b»-ad kror.: on th« ripen
**• > COr:il lhft fta * 1 of * te full Tnoon faf thM
«rj*«» Wi l -« castora of raising tt*-d to a dead
""=»*?« tho^niriacftilon of women; end, la
deed. It 1% filfllcult to combat the theory, oft««n
advanced, that MaUibele Land, the origin of the
Zulu. was the ancient land of Ophlr. and that Its
Inhabitants frequently came Into contact with
th« Jewish tribes of tho Old World, and who
knows but that the Qu<vn of Sheba, on her his
toric visit to Solomon, may have numbered Zulu
chiefs among her train?
Such Is the great Zulu nation, which presents
on* of the most complex questions of modern
history, and whicli. by reason of their numbers,
virility and w,\< Tip- t,. ■♦-. are bound to be a most
potent factor In the future of South Africa, but
what the outcome will be is Btiu one of the un
polved problems th« British government will
have la deal with.— Harper's Weekly,
ENEMIES OF THE FOREST.
Fire Chief of These and Man Next, They
Say in Canada.
It Is ■ fact which Canada faces with some
drgrooe of eadness that within a few years «he
will be absolutely devoid of the beautiful pine
forests which at one time were her pride. At
the present rate of destruction the number of
years cannot bo great until there will hardly
be another tree of the original forests to be cut
within the limits of the Canadian lumber region.
Hr Wilfrid Laurler In a recent address called
atontlon to th« many enemies of the forest. Man.
he *ai<t. is bad enough, but lie Is not to bad as
the insects and the insects ore not so bad as
th« fire. Th« fire is th* great enemy of tho
forests. Ye.-ir after >var, during the summer
months, miles and miles of forests are destroyed
by lire. Perhaps It does not go on at so great
v rate as in former years, but there is 6till far
100 much of It. Efforts an being made, how
ever, to check the ravages of the flames. In the
Ottawa Valley th«> lumbermen keep a patrol of
tht* woods, and that ■ a great help, in order
to be of the greatest service many more patrol
men would be required and the forests would
have to bo looked nfter as they are in Franco
and Germany, so that so far as possible every
incipient iir«> oHchi be prevented from spread
ing. Furthermore, even,' nian la that part
of Canada lumberman, the pportsman and
the man out of any class— ahould be impressed
with the fact that it is ■ crime to throw a
lightfd match u]x>n the I roan l. to scatter the
ashes of a tire, or to leave a camp fire before it
Is absolutely extinguished.
Another destructive element to which S!r Wil
frid calls attention is the railway locomotive.
Th«» railroads ure gr«at blessings, undoubtedly.
but one ■•■ takes the train at Halifax to go to
Vancouver will lind in try province of the
poiiiliiion where there is timber miles upon mil.
of what m once beautiful forest now noth
ing but parched and blackened timber— a monu
ment to the ilt-structivenesß of the railroad loco
motivo. ■■::■:.• men ••..•_. every
rncautlon in th<ir endeavor to overcome the
<jif!!(*u!ty inherent In the operation of thi rail
way locomotive. They have put «screfr.s upon
their fmokestneks and devised other methods.
but ail have pnn-t-d Inadequate. While the
Canadian forests linvo never been railed upon to
pay the enormous tribute to multiplying indus
tries that tho^p of the In!--- States have.
they havo been dwlmated by the Dlative
lumt.errr.an and th» improvident settler and rav
aged by firo until those which nre accesFiMa
bear little resemblance to their primeval state
ORIGIN OF TRADE UNIONS.
Journeymen Bakers Struck in New York aa
Early as 1741.
The enact date of the orlpin of trades unions in
America is unknown. It is believed, Fays the re
peirt of the Massachusetts Umcau of StJitiailoa of
l^al»*. that there were r.o labor uniotis In the
Colonies, although a tarike of Journeymen bakers
Is enld to have occurred In New York in 1711.
Whatever of associated effort there was among
■rerkmea at this early period w.-ib of a temporary
nature, having :i sir.s'.e purpose in viow. and when
this was accomplished whatever compact existed
was then dissolved. It was then the ctirtoin tn call
a '•general meeting." whenever a matter of trade im
portance rresfntrad itself. Su^h rails wem generally
bigned by or.c or two men of recognized Influence
in the traiie, and the meetings were, as a rul*, held
in private hom«s. They were organized by the c-leo
tlon cf officers, v statement was made • i 'the pur
pose In calling the trad** together, and after a dis
cussion resolutions wt.-r«i a'li>p«ed embodying tba
views of thos* pr*:;K-nt on Uw Question presented.
When the m<Mtinp hn>l dwcld- <1 -what the attitude
of t! r> tr.<d<=> viii, ti» },>\ all tho.'e pr^ent. If willing
to do co, kixnvi hd utr^ement to stand tjy one bu
ethrr .Jurtr.tr th» <iirn<'ulty. Many, if not all, of the
f-triki'-s in Coloi.la' tlnu-s wero undertaken with n^
more of an organization than thit=.
The lirst real undt-rsiandlng. so far as composi
tors were concerned, is said to have be<:n la 1776,
when the Journeyman printers inu.d'» a demand f'>r
:in lmreast- of wages, whU-li was refused by their
employers, wtth Urn r<*iralt that a *trlk<j was calle.i.
This proved «« -cessful. und tlie :LSS'>ol«itlon endf-«'i.
Aeain. m 17^S. effort was m:id»i to re<luc.» vages
to $T»K3I-3 a w*i-k. and the trade wits again called
toeethet*. end a Fta-tt-nient Issued, deolnrlng that The
Signers would not work for less than Pi h wrek.
Trie prer.t prriod of pn.wth lor Uit-or unions was
!n the latter p:irt of the sixties of the last century,
«.w!r.p to the organization of great corporations and
to the opening up of the whnln country to the work
of fn-enK'n. I»cal unions were every where farmed.
rlrorous laiwr Jouriials .-ipiieaied, labor parties -w-t-re
organized, in Eome places rrpresectal^"<es of labor
w<-re «l«-otert to ottice, and inai^y of the largest and
■troneest national uniotis n->w existing were ••Ftat.-
Th<-re is nn complete enumeration of th* ni'in-
Jx-rshlp of American tradeß unions. In January,
r*i?. Snmurt iVinipers estimated that there Were
n'u/ut two f.nd a half millions of trades unionists in
the country, while, according to the American Fe<l
rration of Labor, dues were paid in September. 1903.
on a membetshiy ot 1.7i1».27&.
NATIONAL GUARD XOTES.
Plan* for the Opening of the New
■ <th BegiimnU Armory.
Company F, Of the e3th Regiment, has *«lei to
suburrlb* $5 a man to defray the expenses Inci
dent to moving into the new armory, and also la
entertaining members of the 9th Regiment, of Uo»
ton. which will take part in the celebration. Com
pany F. of th« CSth, will take care of Company F.
of the 9th. It has obtained several automobile*.
in which the Huston visitors will be tak*n around
the city.
Company F. of the 6»th H-iflment, has Invited
Company F. of the 7th Begtmeat, to be Its guests
«it the ri*nmg of the armory on October 13. The
7*h men have acc<-;.te<l the invitation, ajid a* It
has many mu*lcal meml>er6 in its ranks ther« will
be an Interesting vaudeville entertainment.
Drffia win begin in the !>th Regiment on October
1. Lieutenant Colonel 8. K. Japha and Me.Jcra
j D Waiton and J. J. Ifyrne have been details
• o 1-fDert drills U^utcnant Mills Miller will havo
charge of the Instruction of re'.ruits.
Plans ere unrtt-r consideration for a Coal athletic
rr.eet between m«>n'J>er« of the 2*. 1 Regiment, of
Manharuin. arid tho Ist Regiment, of Chicago, It
if proposed that the 23d Regiment men go to Chi-
Migo in.» fall ui:d thut the i'hlcago men come to
New York next Eprir-g sind comp«te in the 22d
Rpiriment Armory. If the dual meet prove* a suc
cw-bs It will pmliably result in tue formation of a:i
li:terfta.te military athletic association.
Cartaln Louis Wendel. Ist Battarr. and his of
ficers have presented Colonel N. B. Tnuretnn. of
General Roe"« etaff. with a solid gold cigarette raw
ts a token cf esteem and long friendship. The
presentation was made at a dinner tendered the
colonel lust Wednesday night.
Company R of the 71st Regiment has ■ fu'.l com
pany with a waiting list, and other companies of
the recipient are iilso recelvirg additions to their
xnemt>ersMp. The new armory is proving in at
traction to young men who are fond of the mill
tan' and athV-tlcs. Company H is doing great
work ftt Creed moor, and has qualified thus far 103
marksmen. Of these A'i are sharp* hooters and 24
t.re e\pert». Coiniiany r and the Metropolitan
Rowing Club will play a game of baseball this
afternoon at College Point.
Offleem of th« J2»h Regiment have now begun to
gather at the armory Bad dlsutias plans for the
conning drill lesson. Many were in the building
last Monday night, despite tho ■arm weather.
First Lieutenant John L. I'ittalupa. of Company
M. 14th RcginKiit. i.a.l I• m elected oaj tata II«
firm Mne-1 the Guard e» a member of Old Troop C,
iiT.d i>ewed with it In Pon ■ Rico }n li^i He was
e>cted a eecond lleutennat In the l«h Regiment In
1*0! m
An «-ntlre new gallery in being constructed nt
th« west end of the drill hall of the 231 V'^iment
Armory. It will e«pat about *») people. A mmm pis
tol r»n«o U *!•'► being constructed. Lieutenant 11.
11. Ireland, of Oompaxiy I. na« resigned. .
The eigrai detail of GguaiJron A. which la entirely
VOhmtaty. will legin its «MS% on October n. In
par;t trason-j the <let«ll » -is teen highly proficient
In its dutl'-t>, whlea incluae elKnalling by various
devices, slrlnflnc wires. conauuctlun of telephone
Hm^ eta,
NEW- YORK DATLY TRIIU NE. SUNDAY. SEPTEMBER 23. 100«
MAN AGAINST BEAST.
The Latter Is Stronger, the Former
Has More Endurance.
■Were any one to suggest, in the course of ordi
nary conversation, that in the matter of physical
strength man would compare favorably with the
greater members of the animal race, he would
probably be laughed to peons. Whether such scorn
would bo justified depends entirely upon the sig
nificance attached to the word "strength." If
IMreasth" be held to mean concentrated muscular
power merely— es for a single lift, haul or blow
undoubtedly no comrarlron could be made that
would not tend to hold the human being up to rldl
eule. Even a Sandow would seem feeble in com
parison with a lion or an elephant. Bat, If the
word "strength" be allowed to Include not only
muscular power but muscular endurance, then a
very different tale •i'd have to be told, and it
would be the animal, not the man, who would
have to "sing small."
Even this proposition at first glance must seem
utterly unacceptable— to all not acquainted with
the records of human achievement. A little study
of such records, however, must convince anybody
that. In the widest signlflc.-.nce of the term "physi
cal strength." man Is unsurpassed by any livtns
creature. Man. Indeed, Is capable of feats which,
to the —Jin II of his kind, must appear Uocidedly
marvellous.
Most people would imagine that in a race be
tween a man and a horse the latter must invari
ably and Inevitably win. In spite of the fact that
the ancient fable of the hare and the tortoise
rhows us that the race is not always to the swift.
Whether the horse or the man won in s".eh n con
test would depend entirely on the naturo of the
race presuming that the antagonists were fit rep
resentatives of their respective species, which
would Imply thnt the man was a well trained aiti
lete.
In a short distance ruee — anything up to sixty or
seventy miles— the man would certainly bo van
quished. But, as th« distance Increased, the man's
chiinces would become greater. Mai running
record for sixty mile* is 7 hours 30 minutes and 33
seconds— a record which a good horse could beat.
Hut how many horses wouid equal man's runiilnij
record for l(w miles— viz.. 13 hours W minutes and
&j Becond3? And supposing v horse w«-re found
capable of accomplishing this feat, could such an
nnlmal continue movir.K. as the man did. till he
had covered ir<J miles In 2- hours IS : kinutea and
110 seconds?
Nor «lid this particular man, Chnrle* Rowell. of
< "unit-ridge, cease work even at ISO miles. On the
contrary, he put up a record of ISO miles in 73
hours 10 minutes and seconds. More than one
horse. I Imagine, would have been needed to cover
such a distance In such a time.
Yet Rowell> feat by ne means represents the
limit of this particular" form of human endurance.
I*. FltzKerald. of New York, covered 500 miles la
10» hours IS minutes and I?" seconds, and Oeorce
Uttlen of Slit meld. 6.3^ miles in 141 hours 57
minutes and SO seconds. Whore, then, would your
horse be in a really long race?
One of the Rreaust dltiicultles to be overeomo in
the performance of feats of this description la the
doing, more or les?. without sleep. In this par
ticularly tr>lng form of endurance a man holds
records that no living creature— with tho excep
tion of a salmon or v goldfish— could ever hope to
eijiial. . ,
In October. 1* v Captain Barclay, of In made
a match for L©M guineas, with Wedderburn Web
ster, to walk l.<«») mile* In l.ftw consecutive hours
one mile in eacli separate hour. The start was
lnnde o| June 1. 1&;». at Newmarket Heath, and
the course whs a public road. Captain liar -lay
was twenty-six years old at the tlm<, and w.iehed
ct th« outset U stone 4 pounds. The feat was
<Wm«>d impossible, but the captain displayed sucn
pluck und endurance that, after a time, odds of -
to 1 were laid on his accomplishing It. Iletoro
the finish these odds rosr> to 1") to 1. Thw last
tulle w:\s concluded on July 12 at 3:^7 p. m., and
the match won. „ . „
Ills average time for the m!> rose from - Igntly
un.l-»r fi?te~ii minutes during the first week to
slightly over twenty-one during the last. It Is a,
remarkable fact tliat he never went to bed with
out undressing. Allowing. say, thirty-five minutta
in each two hours for the walking and five for his
toilet, he can never, durin? the space of six weeks,
have enjoyed a lcnuer sleep than one of eighty
minutes. The captain lost two stone during the
Blx weeks' tramp. Four days after its termina
tion be. i«erfectly fit and well. Joined the 111 fate!
Walcberen expedition tui aide-de-camp to the Mar
quis of Huntly. . , .
Captain 15$rclay*s feat, which only a human be
ing could have uccoin^ltshed, remained unequailed,
In spite of many attempts to perform it, till the
anpearnncA on the scene of a pedestrian marvel
named William >.u> who, in September and Octo
ber 1<77. walked WOO miles in 1.000 hours, each
ml!« a-id a hnlf walk to be started at the begin
ning of the hour. The present writer «aw the
finish of that Rigantic task. Gale, who was forty
five years old. appeared thoroughly dona op. in
the ht=t walk but one it Reemed as if he could
never finish. Then, to every one's amazement, be
nulled himself tneether. and positively sprlntel
the final journey, amid tho frantic rbeors ot me
°The two last mentioned achievements, it mu?t
b« admitted, have put our four-lerged friends com.
pletely out of court, but even they do not repre
sent the full extent of man's powers in this dlreo.
Smiting on Thursday. May 12. l^S. and o^nclud
lMT on th<s evenlne of June 6. W. Buckler, of New.
port, Monmouthshire, walked 4.«>"> quarter mIK-s in
4<->"» consecuUve perio.is of W* minutes each, cow.
m-ncinK "t the beginning of each period. This was
at Honslet, Leeds, nr.-1 seems beyo n .t adequate
conim»nt. _ ,
The records »f Captain Barclay. Gale and Buck
ler display man's unsurpassed powers of endurance
where sleep, ns well as fatigue. h:u» to be com
bated. That the want of food may also be over
come by the human being, as by no other living
creature, has bet n amply proved by Tanner. Sued
nnd other fasting men. who have existe.l f.>r
periods of forty days without taking anything
more eustalnlntc than pure water.
Let us now turn In quite another direction. Not
tV-s earth, but the water !- this time the scene <T
o«Yr operations. Once more the superiority of man
shall be vindicated. .
The majority or ar.liMls know how to swim cy
ln.stinct They hrivn t;ot to acquire the nrt, as man
ha*, and yet. compared to man. bow feeble they
appear for the most part. On lar.d. it Is admitted
th.it man. In a short distance contest, must play
«<e'-ond fiddle. In the water-save us regards creat
ures whose natural habitat It ls-a different atory
na» to be told. I>ogs pwlm wt '.1 and fast, but
where Is th« dog who would "live with" Joseph
Nuttall or any other tim class mrm over the K-ngtH
of h bath, or" a hundrfd yards? If it comes to en
durance, again, does any one. believe there H a
quadruped m existence— except th<- hippopotamus.
who would be poisoned by tli« salt water— tnst
could SWlm the <'*hr»r.nel? Vet Captain W«-b!> did
this while Monturo Holbein and others have mad.)
valiant atttmpts thnt have deserved. If they have
not achieved, success.
Prop a good swimming man and a not? In the
water two nr thr»-> :nIU-3 from land— which would
have the better chance of life? The man. beyond
a doubt.
Apart from these matter*. In which It Is easy to
Institute a comparison with the brute creature fa
vorable to tr/.n, It Is Interesting to consider other
feats performed by human belnes which mut-t
Btrike most of -.:» as far beyond the capacity with
which ws would, generally speakhig, credit our
own ppecies.
L«ook at Jumping, for Instance, for which th'>
biped Is naturally l«-*t. well adapted than the
quatlrui>ed. If you take n. man from the street
and eet him to leap a, bar waist high, he will prob
ably fall to clear It. Yet nt the Interuniversity
pports of 1*76 Marshall Rrooks walked under the
bar with his cap on. nnd then cleared It, the Jump
being C feet 2 ! i Inchon— still the 'varsity record.
Rut In Jumping, as now practised, the honors er>
to Ireland. M. F Bweeney ha* cleared 6 feet r. f ',
inches In the high J'.imp. and P. O'Connor 21 fe^t
11» 4 Inches in the wide Jump— both world's records.
Jumplmr "with weights." ns the oMtime profes.
Mrmuls always used to do. John Howard, of Krud
ford, cleared 'J3 feet 7 Inches on the raiec~>urs.. at
<"hester on May %, TC4. Ho used five-pound dumb
brl!s, aiid "took off" from a block of wood raised
four inches above the ground. The dlstnnco cov
ered was within Heht feet of the longest known
Jump by a horse- the rv; feel of Chandler, on War
wick racecourse March 22, 1^47. Curiously. Chand
ler's great leap was made In taking a hurdle!
John Howard :.!s> gained fame by leaping a full
(»irM billiard t.-ihl« lengthways— a feut requiring
pluck ac well a-» lenping powers. Judging by the
way he cleared Butler's leap nt Kugliy. and by the
fact that h« could do 22 feel wide as well as over
flx feet hiph. It is probable that Brooks, th<»
Oxonian, would also have l>e«--n t=u<-cefsful in this
back risking effort had be essayed it.
A man— Shrubb— has run ten miles In TO minutes
41)4 1 ) second*; another man— Hntchens— has run 20)
yards li 30 seconds; nnother man— George— has run
a mile In 1 minutes 12"- 4 seconds, of all running
reonr-ls th!* la^t appear* th« most un.approach.uMe,
and it ser-rrs likely to stand for a very long time.
Reverting to our comparisons, mm iik^ Bhrubb,
Bacon nnd "Deerfoot, who have covered very
close on twelre miles In tho hour, could certainly
hold their own with most carriage horses over a
good rr>fid: If the Rait chosen were walking, In
ptertil of running, the quadruped would l^« badly
••worsted " Tour miles nn hour Is a fair averHge
walking gait tVr man and hors« nllkf. but spseially
ouailtled men. fuch as GrifTin. Measlier. Rutl>r and
others havo walked over fight miles In th» sixty
mlrnitrs not to mention longer distances at almost
proportionately f"»t rutes. 1
There Is one factor, however. In the man's per
formances as compared with that of anlnvils. that
must not b« lost slt:ht of. That Is wl'.l power. Th«
II M( athletic featu of 'he human reing are rtiip- to
un Invincible determination adde.l to a strong
nmbltlon Now the animal who doeg a record pi-r
forniance does It under compulsion, and wltlmut
any Incentive "either in th« chap« of kudo* or prize
money' Thl* doubtless, has some effect on the
WiraaaTSrtttafl. the besrt. in matter, of
Sheer atrenKth. aje't f^'" l endurance, has the nd
rantagaT A lion c«n kill an ox by a blow of its
I-uw or carry off a heavy man as easily as a cat
would o .' molle Milo. It Is trie, has be, n credited
with the former feut. but we may take It thai
either the story li v very MR piece of tall tn!k or
tJi<it ttiM i i was a very small one.
JUndoVsbest „ .., r .i lift was at the Athletic In
rtume FebruTrv 15. l»2. when he raised a wtfght
cf 2C3 pounds from thUh to shoulder, und thence
to artn P s len>th overhead. To a full Kiown rorllla
this would I* inerelv child's play, Ju»t as Louis
*YraTrodl«ious™ f two tul - *^^»
BtVw v m ..".. trtfle at 5s s
Tn« untmhl. In I
inee. Hec c |r !f> tnnt
CM^uenti? ».as the advar»i-«u. -ur^l
HacMlsje^
GAMES OF AXIMALS.
Not Unlike Those of Men and
Boys.
By T. C. Bridie*.
Human children have two sorts of games. They
either lay with toys. Inanimate objects of some
kind or other, or else with one another. Animals do
th« name. Their games are. of course, not very
advanced. They make practically no demands upon
Intellectual powers, but only upon bodily activity—
in fact, they closely correspond with the plays of
very young children.
There Is nothing that a plump, healthy youngster
of toddling age enjoys more than a roll down a
gra:?y bank or the soft Bide of a haycock. We
Bad more than one wild animal which practises and
enjoys a sliding play. Otters go In for regular
tobogganing. First choosing a steep, sloping river
bank where the soil Is of clay find th- water at
the rottom fairly deep, they set to work ar.d care
fully remove all the sticks and loose stones which
might get la their way, and then the fun begins.
Climbing up the bank at some sr.ot where It Is not
too steep, the first otter goes to the head of the
elide, ttea down flat on hia stomach, gives a kick
with his hind !»»gs. and down he glides, head fore
most. Into the water. The second follows Mi lead
er's example, and then the third, as rapidly as they
can. The bank coon becomes smooth and slippery.
and the faster they travel the more the otters enjoy
it. They kocp on and on until quite tired out. and
will come back to the same spot day after day to
reney.- their gamo. So common Is this practice on
tho part of otter? that the relentless trapper Ion?
agr> enme to know It well, and makes a practice of
sitting his trap Just where the. poor little beasts
leave the water to climb afresh for another elide,
and hardly ever falls to secure the leader, generally
the old dog otter.
With otters this tobogganing is not merely a
summer pastime. In winter they have the same
amusement, the only difference being that they
choose a snow bank Instead of a mud one.
Brehm. the German naturalist, haa recorded an
exactly similar game played by chamois in the
Alps. In summer chamois climb to the upper
heights, arid there, in the midst of the solitudes of
perpetual snow, enjoy themselves vastly. leaping
from rock to rock, and often playing a game very
Ilka follow-my-leader. But the most curious part
of their fun is their tobogganing. Th choose a
Ftcep, snow covered slope; the leader throws him
self Into a sort of crouching position, and, working 1
his legs as though ha were swimming, slides down
for a distance of a hundred yards or more. Ar
rived it the bottom, he springs to his feet and
climbs up again. The others look on. and then an
other of them makes a trial of the slide. The rest
follow, one by one.
It mar bo objected that chamois have adopted
this method of travelling down a snow elope simply
because It was the easiest and most convenient, but
surety the fact that the tame animals have bten
teen to make the experiment several times over on
tho same slide Is c» rtaln proof that the tobogganing
is genuine play and nothing else.
There are many Instances on record of dogs hav
injr taken to coasting down snow elopes. But the
dug Is a domestic animal, and a marvellously imi
tativo one. so for tha purpose of proving animal
l'lay ho must in this case ne put out of court.
li .mboi.it speaks of having seen a young capu
chin monkey riding a. pig. The monkey would wait
about In tho morning until he could catch a pig.
spring on Its back and ride off with every symptom
of delight, cllnplng *o tightly that poor piggy. do
what he might, could not free himself of his en
cumbrance. Once he had secured a mo int. nothing
v.ovid Induce Master Capuchin to give it up. Even
when the pig was feeding the monkey kept his neat.
The lemur is not a monkey, but a very near rela
tive. A white fronted lemur belonging to Broderllp,
the naturalist, used to have tremendous games
with a tame beaver named Blnny. Macky, na the
lemur was tailed, would p'.ay "tag'" with lilnay,
touching Us sat flat tail wtth one tin;;* r and
dancing around and around the heavy, amlabia
l«..tiit, while the beaver, with elephantine playful
ness, would charge Mack) with all his might, but.
of course, never coming near the airy sprite.
Olio day tho two were left alone together. In tho
room wan a linen press, and some careless person
had left the doora open. Half an hour later the
beaver was found snoring happily on a comfortable
couch of p!l>-d up tablecloths, sheets and napkins,
while close beside him, his head pillowed oa the
beaver'a Bo v t fur, lay Macky, also sound asleep.
Tlio writer once owned a pet American raccoon.
The little creature formed a tirm alliance with a
black kitten, and the gamra those two had beggar
description. Hide and seek around the coon's k«n
nel und a p!le of barrels was the commonest play.
No ore could watch the two without f«-< Hi | posi
tive that they enjoyed the romp and understood
ont» another's movements Just as well aa any two
children ever did. One day In her wild excitement
pussy ran on to a springboard which stretched out
over a pond and fell In. What did the 'coon do
but deliberately follow! Thero was nppurently no
lrtention of rescue, and. In any case, the cat was
ashore again In a few strokes, for i»ts fire very
fust Ewlmnitrrs. But it was nn odd th!' . to see.
Luto la trie summer or in early autumn the squir
rel kltti hare tremendous games. They usually
choose ;t beechwood for their antics, and it Is one
of the prettU-st fights in th<- world to watch them.
Sit j*erf«vtly still, and they will not pay the
■lightest attention to you. Their principal gamy
is chasing o:,e another round and round thw trunk.
corkscrew fashion. The leader will then dash out
to the tip of a thin br.im-h and l«»ap thence Into
another tree, the ethers following full *pe«d, bark-
Ing all tho time with sheer delight. It Is, in fact, a
regular follow-my-leader game.
Monkeys have similar games. Karl Groos men
tions a tame, long- tv lied monkey that was devoted
to swinging. Ho would hook hi* chain over a
lx>ut;h and swlni? at the end of It with the plainest
pleasure. He knew exactly how much lln« was
needed so as Just to clear the ground, and never
made a mistake In letting out exactly the rlnht
amount.
Almost Hll young animals play. It Is one of tho
most charming slpiits Imaginable to watch fox c.iha
iimuslnn themselves outiidn the earth late on a
summer evening. They not only roll and gambol
like kittens or puppies, but they have also a gamo
which strongly resembles a sham fliht.
The young of ull the cr.t tribe, including lions
f.ii.l tifjtr^, aro naturally playful. Kvea sucn
clumsy creatures as rhtnoc eros«-s and elephants
enjoy games In their early youth.
Badgers havo a peculiar t'luy. They s'-em to
enjoy turniiiff Bomernaults. The young bafi^f-rs in
tho Zoological Unrdens nrcius» visitors by turning
somersaults scores of times In succession on tho
same spot.
Iteitrs do the s.imo thins, and not only young
boar", but old ours also. The nntlvos of Kam
chatka have a dunce which they call the bear
d'ince. Kvery gesture Is copied accurately from
the bear. The natives tlwmMlves appear to bo
proud of tho fact that tho bturs ure their dancins
masters.
Dancing is by no means conflnel to quadrupeds:
in fact. It la the principal play of many bird*.
Perhaps the finest ot bird dancers Is the Booth
American cock o' the rock. These birds havn
regular dancing places, level spots which they
k>-'[i d.-ir of Ftl'ks and Htones. A dozen or more.
of th.> birds atsemble round th!§ spot, and then a
cock bird, his scarlet ere»» erect, steps Into th«
.•■litre. Spreading bis wings* ;■:■..'. tail, h.- b-gins t>
dance, at first with Flow nnd stately stei'f. tbt^n
gradually more and moro rapidly, until he Is rpra*
nlng Ilk/* a mad thing. At last, tired out. ha slr.ka
down, bops out of th-? ring, and another takes his
place.
Some of the -.■•■■ re pre.Tt dancers, nnd
so are the ... sandhill cranes. It is :i most
ludicrous right to watch a crane dancing: he U
-.i desperately solemn over the whole performance.
lb> looks like a shy young man who has just
learned t<» w:iltz and 1« rather ashamed of the ac
complishment.
Po much for grimes without toys. Tiut m;iny wild
creatures net a creat d-»ai of amu.«nnem out of
various trutnlmata objects. The kitten plays with
v bull of worsted, nnd » very one knows the .lot;
that possesses a pet bore, some dry and grubby
relic which in not the least use a« food, but which
the animal throws about and catches ajrnin by tho
iriur. and when finished with buries in *ome ex
cluded corner aßainst another day.
P.ec krr.ann gives a delightful account of a raccoon
which used to amuse Itself by wnshing various
Odds and ends In a bucket of water. An old rot
handle a snail shell »l anything of the sort would
do. but what 1.0 lovefl best of nil was an "empty
Clasping It 1n his forepaws, he would waddle
*!<m'!v to the bucket with the bottle clasped close
to h's breast, and then roll it and rlr.s. it In the
water If any on«t ventured to disturb him he was
furious and threw himself upon his hack, clinging
so tichtly to his beloved bottle that he could be
r,roo.i > «ays that bears will do the same sort of
thin" He relates the case <>f a polar bear which used
to roil an old Iron pot to and fro In his tftnk. nnd
then lifting it out. rub It up und down In a trough
of running water. He stood on his hind le?3 ax-.d
used h!s forepuws exactly like :i wusherwomnn
washing clothes.
Certulnlv this bear looked upon tho kettle ns a
toy ard th« washine a game. There could have
b.en no other possible object In his queer ver-
One of the oddest litMe animals In existence Is
the Cailfornlan woodrat, better known ft* the
"tr'ide rut" It ownes the "it t- name to the ract
O at. though it is a Krvat thief. It n«ver st'-als any
thing without rutting something eNe In Us place.
Rather moro than it year ago a photograph np
neared among th« "Strand" curiosities of a paste
pot which bad been left oversight in the assay
offlce at the Silver Queen Mine, nnd which was
found In th« rooming filled with the oddest collec
tion of rubbish. This was the work of trade rats.
The* hud fctokn the paste and left in exchange a
piece of «tt' a length of rape, «om« odd* and
ends of wire and an unbroken kl:um funnel.
The object of the trade rat In so scrupulously
paying for What he takes 191 9 a mystery. Bui iheiie
tame rau certainly take th« greatest pleasure In
tli« odiH and ends which they steal and collect. In
Kir-Uf.v's "ilird In I»wer Animal* a description
Is rlv»-'n of a trad* rat* rest found In an uncou
pled house. The outside was composed entirely of
frea spikes laid to perfect synnaßtry f 'wlw Oe
points outward. •■•.■„...•. the npCt's ■*--',
about two dozen forks and spoons and three largo
butcher knives. There were also a large carving
fork, knife and steel, several plug* of tobacco, an
old purs*, a quantity of small carpenters' tool*. In
cluding several augers, and a watch, of which the
outside casing, til* glass and the works were all
distributed separately, so a* to make the best show
possible. Altogether the oddest collection. Uone of
these things were of any earthly us* to the rats. ,
They must hav<» collected them Just In the same
way that a child hoards up odds and ends to play
with.
The trade rut has Its South American counterpart
in the vlscacha. a pretty little relation of tha chin
chilla, which lives in families of twenty to thirty
on the pampas. Everything that takes Its fancy >
and is portable Is carried by the vlacacha, and ptl«d I
in neat little hrapn at the mouth of its burrow. If
a ranchman drops his watch or any oimllar article i
he always «iearch*-s the vtscacha burrows in th«f !
neighborhood, ar.d generally finds his lost property.
But one need not go so far as the New World to
find Instances of creatures that hoard. Most of
the crow family hay* this trick. s>evy one who
has kept a tame Jackdaw or magpie knows the t!e
ltght which these birds take In any sh!nln«r object,
and how cleverly they will steal it and hide It aw
A well known naturalist nr>eaks of a wild crow
which made a collection of bits of broken china and
similar odds an.l ends. and hid them In a nettle
patch. One day the naturalist stumbled on the bird
standing In the middle of his treasures and arrang
ing them. Next day they were all fecme. The crow, ;
aware that his secret hiding place was known, had
moved everything to some new spot.
♦ "hildren build rtouse* of brick indoors and sand
castles on the shore. Some youngsters take pleas- |
ure in adorning these sand cßHtlea with shells and
seaweed. In the wilds of Australia bower birds
amuse themselves in precisely the same way.
The bower birds belong to the family of
thrushes. Two sorts ire common— the satin and
the spotted bower birds. These are found in almost
all i-art* nt tha Australian bush, particularly la
New South \Val«s.
The bower of the bower bird Is In no sense a
home m nest; it Is purely and u'.mply a playhouse.
Th« spotted bower bird builds Its bow«r on the
rround. The outsUle la of twin*. th« inside daintily |
lined with tall grasses, so arranged that ths tops j
nearly meet. Bui the oddest part Of tho whole cv- |
rious performance Is the way in which these pretty,
shy littlo birds decorate their pleasure houses. They
collect iiuantltles of brightly colored feathers, peb
bles, shells, morsels or sun bleached boneany
thing. In fact, that strikes their fancy— and use
these to decorate thrlr bowers. Some are stuck
between the twigs, some are arranged in piles at
the entrances, some are laid in rows to mark cat
paths leading to the bower.
Two other spedes — the fawn breasted bower Ctrl
and the regent bird— similar habits, but each
different species has its own particular method of
beautifying its pleasure resort. The bower of the
fawn breast Is as much as four feet long and
eighteen Inches hlch. and Is raised on a thick plat
form of sticks. The same bowers are used for
years If the birds are not disturbed and fresh ad- I
ditions are constantly made. As much as halt a
bushel of shells has been found in and about a
single bower, and that though the bird that col
lected them was no bigger than a starling.
It may perhaps, be possible to explain the trails
rat's love of utterly useless objects, the Jackdaw's
hoards, the Joy the bower bird takes m Its (Jalnty
rt-trcat, on other grounds than play. But such ex
planations appear needlessly far fetched when
compared with the simple one— that those which
we ar» pleased to call the lower creatures share
our own human love of games and Strand
Magazine.
GAS IX LOXDOX.
Old Lamps on Waterloo Bridge Re
stored.
London Bridge is not falling down. It is being
"lighted up," and by g»v» lamps, at that. In this
regard it Is not different frcra those other anna cf
the old English city that span the Thames River
and hold the water divided parts of the metropolis
together. The visitor to London nowadays, or.
more properly speaking, now-a-nlghts. is surprised
at the general use of gas in London's thorough
fares, the Interior cf her prominent buildings and,
on her bridges. The relntroductlon of gas for pur
poses of illumination in England has ,b«en making
wonderful strides during the last two years, and a
recognized authority recently said that "every
Important asylum In England 13 installed with
incandescent gas lights."
Two years ago the London County Council
erected arc standards on the parapets on Waterloo
Bridge, and thus replaced the handsome gas stand
ards that had stood thereoa for aclmlrlng eyes for
several years. A storm of protest was raised. The
gas etand.irds hare been replaced and each lantern
or lamp is fitted with two powerful incandescent
gag burners. The new VauxhaU Bridge la lighted
by gas. and the same lll:minant has been restored
in the lighting of the Hriphton Aauarium. In a
recent visit to London I found that the exterior of
Buckingham Palace is lighted by gaa> A flood of
light was diffused across the palace courtyard and
the fiuter pavements and streets. From the Mall
the brilliancy of the scene 13 effective. At the
entrances and along trie railings in front of the
palace there are twenty-eight lamps. Five lamps
are on each pillar of the two Sovereigns' Oatea.
Tha railroad stations als;> have ga3 Installations
now. In the Broad Street Station fiat flame burn
era of S.OOO candlo power have been replaced by
incandescent mantle lamps having 44,000 candle
p. wet The visitor to London will also find that
Queen Victoria street, Cheapslde. at the head of
Queen street, Lower Thames street and Monument
street are illuminated ir. whole or In part by
gaa, and It will als.> be noticed that six refuges,
or "Isles of safety," In Oxford street, near Totten
ham Road, are equipped with 1 rllliact gas lamps.
In the avenue leading to the Great Wheel, in th<»
Karl's Court Exhibition, gas ha.-t been only recently
Installed; In fact In all the places and In many
other localities gas had not showered its radiant
light for many years, until now the authorities,
with the approval and support of the peopla. re
turned to that ever ready and faithful servant—
gas. — G. 13 Logic.
AN APPEAL FOR CHARITY.
Tho Brooklyn Bureau of Charities appeals for
contributions to a special fund of $117 for a family
of six In which the> widow has only recently lost
1 f-r husband and two of her children. There Is a
ley. thirteen jvars old, who will be able, to work
nr-xt Fiimr.uT. In the- menntlme thd family has an
Income of only it a week from a sixtee<i-yi<ar-old
Kirl. bi-sldes a little money which the wUIo-a- hwr
y»lf earns carding buttons. When ttie boy goes to
v . rk the family will be nble to support Itself. The
fund will be used to pay a scholarship of $3 a week,
to th« toy during the school year, Contributions
marked for "Hpeclnl C Fund. No. 2." may be for
warded to William I. Nichols, general ae^retary.
Kureau of Charltlea, No. fy ermerhem street,
Brooklyn.
IN THE END SEAT.
"The end seat hog may te bad enough." said a
man who ha* occasion to travel on the Park and
Zlon smetcar lines very frequently, "'but he in
much preferable to another class of travellers.
"I refer." ho continued, "to those Individuals who
place themselves near the end of a Beat, and then
pile bcnldea nnd grips up in front of them. if pea
have ever tried tr> climb over auch a. proposition
you can sympathize with me. I do not know tins
reason why so muny of the I'ark and Zion street
cars are afflicted with that ganus. but nearly every
time I try to bo;ird a car I am up. agalast t ... '.
thins;.
"A few nights since I had an unpleasant experi
ence. There was only one vacant eeat in the WBOto
car, and that was n*ur the reur *n«i. In the end of
the M.-ut was a woman who km decidedly exnlion-
I'olnt. or. i:i other words, fat. She had a «malt
child on her kn»es, and In front of her was as
curious an assortment of bundles as one would c.ir-»
to nee. I requested her to 'yush along I .' and sho
gave me a toxiguw talk that was as fin* a sp«»«-!men
of what the 'gentlT s«-x" can do In the way of
vituperation as I have heard in a long time. Finally
my wrath was aroused, so I stepped into tha cur
arid made a dive, for the empty seat. I was not
particularly careful about lifting my feet, and tho«'>
bandies ■kiddooed, I can tell you. The naoltf The
woman railed upon the conductor to eject me. and.
failing In that, alia threatened to have m« nrresred.
1 wish she had. but she apparently thought better
cf It. AVhen I left the car at Washington street
the last thing I heard wr.s:
•• 'You are the meanest man I ever saw. Pom*
on« ousht to jrlve yoi :i good thrashing, ar.d If I
Wasn't v. woman I would <!o It.'
"Can you bent It?" Interrogated the rr.Jin. as ha
moved toward a thirst £utn< tib; establishment.—
Hartford Times.
BOLIVIAN PETTICOATS.
The prized possession of the Bolivian Indian
woman and her chit-f pride also, whsther she Is
puro Indian or chola, is her petticoat. Her djwry
!s In this garment. Like tho Dutch wom:in of tra
dition, she cuit'.m her wealth about wtth her.
Thesrt petticoats ar* of all colors of the rainbow
and divers other hi:«*s rot found tht-reln. I first
noticed them at Nazirene. an 1 remarked that lovo
of color wnleh nm.nt be> lnr-orn, for thi> garments
were yellow, purple, violet. ftVry r«d. orlmson.
sc-rlet. subdued ora:iMe, glaring a.irTron, tlua and
green. They wero very short, reaching barely be
low tl)« kne*. und r.o difference was observed he
tweca childhood, maidenhood, matronly middle life
aad wrinkled old age. Glancing from ny window
': Tnpiza. I thought It was a paiada of rambu
latlxig balloons.
Tiles* women have a habit which the bashful
traveller ik*>s not ut first un.!»-rsta::d. When he
seea one of them calmly removing a io'ttlooat he
is apt to turn uway. but he need not do so. It
may be that th<- advancing heat of the day has
caused the wearer to discard tha outor «klrt. but
mor* likely it is the vunity of her Hex and the- de
srre to make her sisters envious, by showing 1 * h ■ t
la bensath. for each new vesture dl.i.-losed U more
brlllliiiii than tho one which overlapped it. I sat
in the i>luza at T:;liu and watched two Indian
women try to rrmke each other envious. The first
one removed the o\:tex p»ttl;*oat. which was of pur
j<lt». This di\t-«ttnent disclosed another garmet of
I'Uzlnt; red. and after that canu a t-rilllnnt y-i!ow.
Tho other wtfuian started with a. gre«jn pettleout
and, draauaUx- got doera ■» e> mUturo of blue aaa
Foreign Retort*.
LONDON HOTELS.
SAVOY HOTEL, LONDON
HOTEL DE LUXE OF THE WORLD
Tb« room* *.-« bright, fresh and airy,
asd 4«UslitfuU7 qul<-t. Bathroom to tnrr Suit*.
savoy restaurant;
T*» iroit ta.mou.'* Restaurant In Europe. TU
Orcn**tr» plays during Dinner and
til* Ortr» fiußc«r.
/^LARIDGES HOTEL,
The Centre of Fashionable Lond: i
~Tk» Ust Word" rf Oodtm
tioi*i Luxaiy. Gurmtn? Kites xuitb prt^niM
tntrtnct, titbroom, etc.: Qbtr SOU «mom»
h<*rc> ICC bathrooms.
A m^mifkmi Roy it Suite.
"THE CARLTON
■ Hotel. Restaurant,
and Grill Room,
LONDON.
FRANCE. BELGITJX AND HOLLAND,
_ — — — x
PARIS (Favorite American House)
HOTEL CHATHAM.
PARIS HOTEL DE L'ATHEHft
«*"<* 15, Ruo Scribe.
„ Opposite the Grand Opera
The Modern Hotel of Paris.*
E. ARMBRUSTER Manaqar.
PARIS
HOTEL DE LILLE FT cTALBI ON,
tO. Em St. Honor*, An «• »*■■ Tandos*. MM iUm. All
■»!«n Improvements. Zt«T hois* eorcforl. L*rt« lull.
■•M mrut, Niihw*. sad aawsm M iMd prtr* or & I* eirMk
MWMMI In tl_»L »!.»■. »t&A*.-ll«M afc»«lfc fM»fM«.
HOTELS IN GEE2IANY.
fISX-LA-CHAPELLE
ASX-LA-CHAPELLE
" Nuellens Hotel
Mvrtwn
THE" CPMTincniAL
ssssss sksss
ATiD e-iapcjCp ■
AUSTEIA, EUSGASY & SWITZEBLAJTQ
CSTIU A.)
Vienna rrr
1 HOTEL BRISTOL
Lacated on the Fa^tlofisble Karntnerrlag^
■ad the favorite resort of Americana. *•■>•
lad Fraach CaUlas aad choics wlaaa.
ITALY AND SOUTH Of TSJISOL
tnUill PIIVATC PAIL
"EDEM PALACE."
EHICc. flg|g] BplßßtHdTtew .
Venice. Hotel — >-
Royal Danieli ,J™
AM. MODERN rOMFOKTS. »-«»-- Tl«V«t.
>HVIV K>.KiriKl) Railway Ticket »■
yel'ow. By thnt time I ha<J befftjTi to fe«r for th«
consequences anil madd a vretenee of turning m/
back by strolling to the hotel.— National Qeograpalc
Magazine.
SENDS COIN BAKED IK BISCUIT.
Colorado Girl's Novel Way of Getting Honey
Through the Mail.
A Colorado girl wto wanted a certain school boole
ordered it from a Chicago publisher end sent th*
money for it, baked In a biscuit.
The s'ndc.r explained that sho was so far from a
money order selling office cf any kind t!-a,t ■toe bad,
no other mode of sending t;ie prico than, to inclosa
it as she c!J. It waj » silver cjMUtW that •!»• sent.
AYe often hear ut clouds with silver linings, but
here is a cnauic of doush wit a a silver tilling.
The Ilaver.swoort worn in who tella this atory says
that this is only one vt many inventions of money
mailing people. Thnir resources la contriving Wi*jr*
to ill.inuiae tiie presence of com or currency la let
ters and packages seemingly ar« unlimited. Chi
cago's lil^- Stom that handle a h«v;vy business
through the malm are abl« to recount mini* urmtiual
tnethotli. Siimc of the women wht> send tv CUicatfo
fur various articles art* ingenious In Uus nuuter.
The Colorado inciuent stmply *h«>\\» the scop* of
tho human mind in trying to outwit tfte thtevei
who occasionally marajfe to »Ilp Into th« fuderal

Tho lost and fount! department of the United
Stati-a railway mall acrvioe in Chicago produce*
•o:ue woaderfnl eoaestta in roncealir.tf remltt;inoe«.
Frenuently packa<e» brt-ak open aad dollars,
halves, quarters and <li:r.ea roll out of unheard-o*
hiding plaxe.". Ons OjOsci Caet concerning the mat
ter is that after a prr^oa lia.-j taken ..■..•.•^rd-s>f
pains to hide ■ ri»m!ttanc"o h*» will do up hl» pack
age so carelessly that it breaks opau with tiio
Slightest Jur or
In the Colorado bor»U orrter the smfler sent with
the biscuit a note tHlm? wher* - be o«Wn was a*->
creted. Th«< book *:ie wan:«ii I M "studies la
French."— Chicago N«w*
t
KISSING THE BRIDE.
An Engliah vioar declares that t?i» cuatnm. of
kisjin< the brldo after the wcrtdlr.s 1 i» wicked and
should be stopped, calling It 'foolish and irr«!»
vant," anil the agitation resuUirc from tills utter
ance has tro'Jijht a^ut quite a rtiseuaaion in th«
English r-uperi.
Ono vhap. who has beta "six times a best man."
riißhea Into print to say that b» protest* againdt
tho abolition of this sow!, 01.l time Kni;Ush custom
at thi> dictation of a oit- r*j nr.un. and a -.«..-! what
other reward thrrc U fur the un'urtuaate best mac.
•who has to boar th>- worrUa «r.d ruspDiiiiibllitle* of
e&uoMraK'nir th* trembling brK!«!tfToora. au^ervla
lnj the social airaiit;einc&is and th-» departure of
the happy pair from the church, to aajr nothliui
of the c>;6t of clothi»». tips to servants, tor which
be 1.-» BjSVSf ropai.i. and tha wv.>rry na hia uervou*
system conseqaeat on bota;< l.s the company of fwo
foolish people who aro thinking of nobody but
theniste'.ves.
"SiX. Tina» s a best mau" set-ma to be right as to
tha tustice of hia claim, but away off lc his Judg
ment. If ho lik*»3 th» clammy touch of cold lip*
with b _. ; . w'liuse m«>ntul i>rocess«s are occupied
wholly in the uppcutatlon an t.> whether •▼cry tit of
her harness b*u rrorerly and how she will look in
her travelling drexs, h«? mi w*»!com» to It. As for as,
w» bnlievo that we aro wlin th» Tlcar." ana. with
Swift, would say in thU coaiie.:Mon: "Lord. I won
<!rr what f- ol it was that first Invented .ine>*
Th<> brt.V* kIMH. after th« marrlajre csremony. t»
ev^rv'boily e\--e but Him. 1* an apple of Sodom, ana
not worth wall Boston Tra-vellw.
THE HOODLUM.
Perhaps th* worst feature of th« hoodlum t>tt
ftLA* in any city i? Hi' Mbseax th«-y have on boys
who ar« Inclined to be v- i •!. but who are led antrajr
temporarily under the Impression thiy are out for
merely a good tune. Pisordar If not Yandaltsra tPl
lowSk anil tho police .irigni-r *•> ■••;>• la the satire
crowd. Xhe "dug Truya" In the party are duly
repentant They meant ir> hurra, ti> bo aure, hut In
the cunt»mr'atiun vt the law they are e<y>a!ly
guilty and their promises do not nave them fr<- j>
punlahment: neither doe* their •übaequent c^v-i
conduct «iff«».'tuai:y r«n»ov« th« odium that lnavl
tably attaches.
Nor do these promises cf reformation, nor y«t tbo
reformation Itself. afßacs tha humiliation felt In
hi* borne. The heartaches and thn anvlatr of the
father and mother and slater! ■'■ thought wee*
given of tfi*ae thi.igs. co ■ .*■::■* would *>c potent
•aoiigh to lead the b>y astray. Vatural born and.
mtrhtip*. lacorriiriMe hoodlums w» wiU always
have with us: but tue th^iKhtrul. honest boy will
avoid htm us a pestilence, lift will find no pleas
ure In associating witn that clava, only trouble #•
heurtburna. Moreover, he will dl3»'ov«r hliu.ialf
Judged by the company ha keeps, and deeer.«4:/
so.— iiciae s
*

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