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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, September 23, 1906, Image 52

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George H. Brook former star fullback
of the University of Pennsylvania team, and
now head cna^h at Swarthmore College and
advisor} 1 coach at Pcr.n. has l>ccn engaged
by The Tribune to write a series of articles
on "How tr. Play Football." Then* articles
y:\\\ be of peculiar Interest just at this time,
beca-jse they will be the first trustworthy
jpt&lished mstroctions <>n football under the
new r;;V>. Their object is to teach school':
brvs and other beginners how to play the
raise, a::cl also to p Vf the average spectator
a much better and clearer appreciation of
what is going 0:1 in the £rid : ron field.
Under the new rules the game will be
more open and spectacular, and it is to teach
the scientific intricacies of what otherwise
might «-cr:n nothing but a wild scramble that
tr^se articles are intended. Any young
American who plans to liecomc a >tar on the
gridiron at school and a hero at college may
well read Ox Brooke's articks. for they
will be practical and also entertaining. The
beginner trig be told everything, from the
first organization of his team to the prepara
tion for the nnal match of the season. The
game will be taken up play by play. Illus
trations and diagTaiii* will be an especial
feature of Jhese articles.
The new plays that will be used by the
tacticians this fall will l>e of tremendous in
terest to the great football public, and every
one ehould have a thorough understanding
of them to really appreciate the great Ameri
can col'ego game.
»
By Gears;* H. Zlronke.
ARTICLE I
Football has Just passed through a Xlrastic
gMssasl of reform and we are entering on a new
oravaetbegaxr.a. The old style of play has been
CUT NO. I— THE PASS.
This cut illustrates the correct method of mak
ing ■ long pass. Th« point of ths ball is held
in the palm of the hand with the fingers out
spread around it. The ball should be mads to
tail flat in the air. In passing a ball while on
the run it should be thrown almost always
v. iVi both hands, very much as a basketball
p!«ver thro»kv« and passes. A very clever and
dexterous man can pass th* ball 6ecretly behind
his back. A very good way to practise passing
in the preliminary practice is to place your
squad in a big circle and have the ball (two or
three balls 'f you have them) passed around
quickly. The men should stand a few yards
• part. First, the passing should be done
Standing, then walking and then trotting. An
other way is to have two or three men run
down the field together, passing the ball back
and forth. Always have some competition, be
cause that makes keener work. Put the men
who miss much in a "booby class," and glvo
them extra work.
almost totally changed by the bow rules rec«nt
ly formulated. New attack, new defence and
rtnifttt new rudiments h«ve to b«- learnr-d and
taught in I!MJt!. Uoyojid a douM the para** will
l>e more <>j>« -n. There, will <:ertainly i>e a prcat
<ieal more kicking, fhikep, jiaFslnsr, tricks. or>en
flt-ld runniiig and cc i '^ o !'^l hurry ncurry. The old
certainly tvhirh was sk .«attsfartur>" to the conch
us lie watcbed l;is cohorts <-arry out t\e well
I lai :.■ tact tea has clven way to uncertainty.
The massed play possible unjer the old ruU-s re
<iuir«.-d v vi tuaikiible c«>n<-f i;tn-tl«>n •if deft-ace.
There were two lines of defence— rat and Me*
endarj'. The • -oridary lint- would dart In to
help out the first or rush Ur.e w'th a fWce cer
tainty that v.:is a beautiful i to the initiated.
I'nder the new rules there v.1.l be little or no
< i>n< -eutraii ■>» <if tlefeiice. The rules making ten
jards necessary Jo he grained In lhrc« downs
and duliig away with massed j-lays make con
itntratiou of defence unnecessary. Tn«. cgaln.
ther«- lt> the allowance of a forward j>at-s under
certain conditions; and inure radical yet. the
ru!e that allows any one to K«'t a kicked ball
lifter !t touches the ground.
Just here I v T.I j.ut in a few words to be
cinnei?. lv my long experience In coach!:ic I
l:ave noted that even with reterans of the year
before a coach has t.» repeal details continually
in order to k< . •> them thoroughl) Impressed «>n
the minds <*f lh« players. Th.- most conscien
tious player baa t.> learn <-\«r tix^u a lot of
hc'.jiful littlo details every season. Therefore.
my advi. e is m « !i;> these art'des «>jt and k'Hj>
them in book f'-rm, tnd you will surely find tlu-
Look a useful aid and reference in k«-< i i,:rig y >ur
self thoroughly posted in tin- details of the game
whith speU the difference tiet«^een success and
Callore.
The 2rst thi::e lo do in Ftartitiff a footliail
season is to get ••nourh t»iys ti. form a s»juad.
You win need more this year than ever before
on account <•: the Dew rules about delaying t i Jfc
injuries, etc
Th«*re an- eleven players nn a. team, tiut th»
ema!li'.-t squad i liis year si.f.uld i>e oamposed of
at Jejst sixte«-n men, ihat is, a team and Qve
uuhstitutef. vviiiif it i.«- rery Important, yet it
is uot absolutely n«ce**ary t<» bare a second
eleven. «>r scrub, as they <all it at college, a
team < an jiiai-tis.- r'snals arid lots of important
things \Mi;iout a scrsb.
Tin- t.^xt thteg ti» *Uj is t<» call a meeting, and
elect a raitain and maraper.
Tlie f:r*-t thing a captain should do 1s to make
each taan p"f a rul" t-o<k and study hard at
the rules. Then they should all meet and ro
over The ru!e» t'ip.-:h r. nr.d at t!:ls meeting the
ca;>u>!u should bare a peii.-us u>!k with his men
• i.out tra-.Mng. The mar.«K<r t>hould he careful
te n.mr.r» taruos with teams i^mifos^d of play
ers of the tarn** ape as the boys on his team. Too
l;;ucii Cis-paiity in r.pe Is danceious.
In regard to clothes, each jilay.-r should be
well piotectei with JootbaJl arnii.r. There are
certain vulnTable. points which should he a'
ways protected Jn football. The. kn<-« comes
first. It Should be heavily padded. The muscles
above the knee should bo projected by shin
guard* •*« n ln^He the trousers The elbows.
t.o«e r.houliJer* and ur.kles very often a!so ne/d
prot*»ctlon. but don't fcrg*t the k:.. and the
mu«cl«s above the knee «-£pecsal!y. The captain
should lock all 'it h!s rr.m over before the season
ei>e:is. and If any «-f th«-m has a tendency for a
•weak i»;.ot that ape*, phould be protected. There
Is a ntTr rule this ycrr which says that each
captain can u^k !<>r 'in..' « s:!v t!.!'.' timej dur«
Jnj? each *nlt. \Vhen< \> r h<- askF f>r time after
this tan f^i» «ia I*9 pcaailis*d ttro yards, unless.
"* c"ar»«.. he \ra.lls to chii!:£e a i 1-yer. T!:e
HOW TO PLAY FOOTBALL UNDER THE NEW RULES.
,f.w
injuries to your v»>* "SJue! even befor* y ou
The flret tunics to ra-ti • taking on
get your eSgnaU. nr V »-,V -hit X catcnlnp
X ball, handllnc J^ tho run an«l
and passlns-plckinK » X ,; o«J orally important
ki. king. Qaick ■**™^L" K»ck <>f the Une^-th«
for the four men w»? 1 "'- , J,,nh-»ck It i« also
Sarteroack. nain-arks and fuUbnck. t
Tmportant for the linemen tn^ can bark
-o^^e^^r^n^tSin^feronce.^
.. , kicked
c^use every one Ls o n - ilQ * a /\V even* o^« has
has touched the ST«.un«l-tn^ - c baU up
T Se^n r-ve SSuKchen no op
jionent !« around.
ARTICLE IT
!Macnn Vo 1 Is a general plan of the prob
«b> attacking ar.d defending formation under
"SX^rO ml«ht as well . take the reader
,no conndence and tell him that neither ft.
writer n,r any one else knows at this ,vt
th- season Just what moves will be made on the
Bridlron this fall. We are In the experimental
J< n Is my object to scheme and plan a simple
aid strong syrtem of play under the new rules
and Rive my reasons for every move. In th
way Which I thlr.k will be interesting if fol
lowed closely, the reader can watch th* un
foldir.s of a system of playing football.- The be
ginn. r will be helped and the spectator will be
surprised to find bow his interest increases vrhea
he understands pome «>f the underlying reasons
of football tactics. As the season advances fhe
ideas of other coaches will ba woven into our
discussions.
Py studying diagram No. 1 you will not© that
the general formations th- pa shown are not co
radically changed from what they were under
th* old rules. What changes there are. how
ever, will BOO* out very plainly when our pen
pictnred players bepin to move.
There are a number of the principles of old
football which will be preserved In the new.
When th«re is a change th<> line of departure
will be dearly shown, with the reasons therefor.
Tirst a simple statement of the main changes
in the rules, and then we'll go back to our
diagram.
For the first time, in our football a forward
pass is allowed. It muM ba made, however, by
one of the backs. an<l must be .aught either by
a bock or an end. It is doubtful, however, if this
pars will \*> u.«<»d much, because if it touches tha
pround without hitting any one first It goes to
th« other Fide of that p;>ot. Still, however, in
forming any defence, this forward pass must
be taken Into consideration. It may be made at
any time during the ncrimmage, but only once
during each ecrimmage.
Instead of a teajn being obliged to pain five
yards in three downs, they must now make ten
yards in the rame number of attempts. The re
eult of this will bo that there will bo a great
deal more punting than ever before. This punt
ing •will l a further encouraged by a new rule
1 hai provides that whenever a kicked ball hits
the ground every one. will be on-slde and any
on« can get the hall.
In general, we might pay that the new rules
have weakened and change 4 the attack in tho
following ways:
Flrpt— By requiring ten yards to bo gained in
three downs.
Second — I J J* a rule requiring thn linesmen to
stand in Huch a position th*i they cannot got
out of the line very quickly In order to get in the
interference.
Third— Doing away with massed plays.
Fourth— Doing away with hurdling.
Fifth— Stricter rules about use of hands in
making 07-nInKS in the line.
la general, wo might pay that tho attack had
been rtrengihened by the allowance of tho for
ward ra-«=s Mid by putting every one on-side
when a kicked hall hits the ground. Also by
th*» rule barring tarkllng below tha knees.
These are the very Important cnangts, and
their workings will lie amply explained as wo
Xwogrws.
Diagram No. 1 Is our checker board, bo let us
get to -work.
First look at the pofriti^ris in -which I have
, placed the players oa the defence; that Ib, the
CUT NO. 2— THE KICK.
Cut 2 shows the proper met! cf making a
short, accurate kick. The ball should be met
by the fcot at least three feet from the ground
because other*. it might be blocked by an
opponent. The outstretched instep should hit
the bo i square under between the middle of
the ball and the end. This gives the ball a for
ward cpin when it hits the ground, and the ball
can be sent en a lo« flight. Every back field
p. aver should be practised continually in this
kick.
FJ<ie which has not pot the l.all. \v 0 have to
w* the defence In order to rlan the attack
Wh.n .i pet:eral attacks a fort he ftudits how It
i* defended.
The flr.-n tMr.jr that will strik., y.>u is that th
two rush llnea are playing farther apart ami
that th« secondary line <>t defence i« placed
r:rt!.f-r back from the line <.f scrimmage, an.i
the two naybaeka in thla secondary ere placed
further out toward thHr respective ends.
Why it- thl«?
In the first place the two rush Iln^s :m> fr.r<wi
lo play a foot further apart Bee Kui-> :., ,, liX< >
104. ■•! ti<--.\ rules.
Tli.- line ..f scrimmace f.ir each side is .in
Imaginary line parallel to the goal lino and
pa«in* through that point <f the ball nearest
the M.irs OV.-H K ., a l 1i,,.. •• i t follows that there
»f« two lines <.f scrimmage, one for each t.-arr
ani j.jst the length of th* bail part
mZn^fl ""* naUm lh: " thls :ljl - was made
w-Ji* s.. thai ,»n. unij.ir.- <-«.nl.l 1,..,k <!"■.'. th«
rr I'!!'**,1 '!!'**, T ,, v "'*' m th * 1! '^ s and de!ert ■«• clearly
any Infringement of the rule* Iloldln^or
slugging would t,e easier to detect
And. furthermorH. it is wry imi.al.'e that th.»
linesmen on d ; f, n .e would uant tn i , ' ■ root
*\VhJ* WW * y " m ' h " lr ""J" >n «'»^ anyhow.
Th« answer to this brinjjs out on« of the most
Important principles that win he a partof m»
STpuin^" new ru!M - * can " ot «*5«
Thft answer to this is that the Ilnefr mon on
defend* will not be tau(fnt to charge uithw
were last year. *'
That word "charfie" ha* hung ov.-r the batt'«»
scarred gridirons of the past like a cal to arms.
A linesman who could not rcharge- wan ™£
less, a -charse was th- sudden powerful
rprtnc forward of the linesmen to raeVt fhrfr
opjioccnt*, and whli Sever li:: ssman was the ill,*
denest usually bent Ms opponent back and
Pt..i.|#.j tin- heavy massed attack ir the «ie
fcndlns linesman nu hlnnelf bent back then
NEW-YORK DAILY TRTBUNB, si'NPAY. SEPTEMBER » THOtf.
George H. Brooke. Formerly a Noted Fullback and
Now a College Coach. Begins a Series of Articles
Upon the Changed Conditions on the Gridiron.
th.-> tandem mass aimed at him would crash on
over for a couple of yards or more.
But the mass play has been ruled out find
because of th© new ten-yard rule the defending
team is not so afraid of short sain?.
For these reasons Uie coaches will not pat
much strsaa on charging, but will rather teach
CUT NO. 3— THE CATCH.
Cl i. t - v *^ WS the P r °P er n-.ethad of catching a
kick- Note that the ball isScaught below the
W 0 °" c S ' de# and is held b > one forearm
and the t^o hands, with the finners widely
spread. This is the idea! catch, but, of course
one cannot always be judged to land juit right.
An invariable rule, however, , s to catch the
ball against the body and with one forearm
and two hands. Always get your hands on the
ball, and do not try. as some duffers do. to
catch the ball with your arms. It is generally
well to have ono hand below the ball, to keep
it from shpping through the pocket you make
Tor it. Keep account of your misses in prac
t OS and note your Improvement.
fh« linesman to be nimble and active In hacking
up all alenjr tho lino and outside tho ends. Take
for Instance, the right guard. All he used to do
wu* to protect his own position and help out
th« centre u»b and rieht tackle If ho was not
too busy with his own man. This fall you will
probably see the. guard tncklinjr all over tho
rlcld. His duties will be doubled, for he will have
to watch tho attacking 1.,-i> k tl.ld like a J'.iwk
to >. •■ what it Is gointr to do, nd be will have
to look out for plays aimed light at him and
also out at the tackle or end.
Therefore, In order to prt out of his r<^ltif>n
quickly, ha will want t.. stand a little 1 a<k from
tho lino of scrimmage.
This backing up theory will \<c varied and en
larged as W< progress.
Next let us ro to the diagram ac-iln and take
a lock at the second lino of defence.
Note thai it i- playing further hack and more
scattered than it was last year. Tho !:;1!f! :;1 !f backs
are practically secondary ends, whereas th"y
need to play just back or insldo of their tackles
Why is this?
First, because tho second lino of defence is
afraid of forward pa.ws nnd the short kicks
Where every one i* on-slde when th»- ball hits the
grr,ur.d.
Second, because the Foennd line of d fenrv
is not no afraid of shori pahis, and, therefore,
does r.ot have to sprUi^ to the support of the
first line of d^^r.:-.- no sharply as it u^"d t.» do.
Third, beenu** th« ee^and line t>f def-nce \a
afr.iid of lone end nil.}-.
Undoubtedly this yesr !n pUnnlng the attack
a coach will lay preat ;-tr.-«« on the forward pr.na
and the kick, because they are the only two new
rules that favor his ctta.!;. Without them th«
balance of power would be completely m favor
of th defence. Th» n-w rul- that puts every
enn on-side tho instant a klekefl ball hits (he
ground Is an extremely bnportnnt rule.
Now let us instance a possible play. Suppose
tho Becon'l line of defence was playing close 'ji>
to tho first line, like it did Iruvt year, and not Ilka
it Is playing in tho .liLiu-ra").* A sharp, clever
Quarterback on attack would Instantly signal
for a short kick- He would make it himself. Juki
owr tha head.-; of the secondary line r.f «lefenc«»,
and his linesmen would dash through and £«t it
the Instant it hit the ground. The quarterback
on defence has to play away back, and h« could
not pet to it in time. By moving your second
lin<> of defence back :i llt'ie, you can cover you;
territory against these danperous littlo punts.
The forward pass can be made one in each
scrimmage by the attacking side only, it cannot
be rr.ail" «.v r tie line of scrimniaßn within tiv-
yards of eiii.f-r si, Jo of cfHie. It it hits tho
»rroutid before it hits a pl:iyer of either Bide It
iro»s to the «i-f--|.(jimr side at that spot, it can
only be made by a back field player ::n<l can only
be called by a back field player or an end rusher
It ran be made anywhere In the field of play •••:
cept. :<s has bren said, over the line within five
yards of centre.
There are a number of pood p!ays that can be
developed from the forward rnss. so w forming
your fence II has ro be taken Into considera
tion.
The quarterback, who 1:- generally a swift open
f!<-ld runner and a sure catcher and tackli r plays
iUi'.ut thirty yards buck on defence.
Just how far buck be will play jk very Im
portant this year.
Why?
|
■ •

DIAGRAM OF FOOTBALL FIELD "
A football field is 330 fe=t lona by 160 '»t ... ._i_
and starting from the centre toward the l\ 4 - .' * . mark d off every five yards across,
wise. As ths field doss not divide evenly V.!* J* '* marl every five yards length
a smail space five feet wide alarm Ji, .? f ' ve " yard marks, this marking leaves
whitew£&h rather than dry lime. becaT .« Vu . ne< Always mark your fieid with
The five-yard lin;s running the l-ngth of "'''a"-'" will get into the players* eyes,
lines at th« intersections of the five- yard I . ne " d only bo mar " ? d 1 in • nop *
much marking v.ill show all that is r » Ois lln running across the field, a-, that
that certain runs and passes must b« L! 5"! y to the officials. The rules provido
hence, ths intertect.na f.ve-yard marks yards from the centre of the line;
punter will probably vend his kicks low for that
reason.
In placing th. c.uarterb^'-k on defence a coach
must take into consideration thai the opposing
unds can usually get several yards' start down
the field before the ball loaves the kicker's foot
Fnr this reason it will be more important than
ever before to block those end rushers.
Thus I have outlined in grneral the defence
which wo will hare to plan to overcome, and in
cidentally any one with half an aye ' in see th '
grrat amount of detail that comes up In learning
seUntlflo footbalL
Kext we-r>lt I'll start in. on a general outline of
attack unit t,i'<.' op stgr.nl.-;.
In the meantime practice harrl at qui.'k start-
Inp, kicking; handling the ball and falilns on It.
7^)AY; OX TEAM TRIP.
From Washington Stoic to loxca,
and To Be Continued East.
Sioux City, lowa. Sept. 22 (Special).— Martial
from the Pacific Coast and driving an ox team
behind which ho hitched a wagon in every detail
like the prairie schooner, with which po many
people crossed the Rocky Mountains in the early
ft* In search for gold and homes. Ezra Meeker,
seventy-five years old, of Seattle, has Just com
pleted a return trip to visit relatives In Igvcm.
an 1 ha states that he has stood the trip so wall
that he now purposes to make a Journey, drivirg
the same outfit, to his birthplace in Greene
County. N. Y.
After winding his way through and over the
various mountain ranges, he entered the stata of
Nebraska list week. . Ha followed «s closely as
he could the old Oregon trail In the perilous trip.
At Collins, Xeb.. he followed the North Flare
River to Payne, lowa, on the Missouri River.
along precisely the same route as he too* when
he crossed the plains fifty years ago. He lived
In lowa in l*O2.
The old wagon which ho assd mar/ years
ago on his trip West was u?e,l partly on this
trip, for he had made a new wagon from the
several parts of .i number of nil castoff wag
The woodwork was all new except one lcx*ust
hub, which was from a wagon of IS."Q. It was
found to he absolutely sound, and was a part of
a front wheel. The axles were of the same W )Od
and of the same pattern as the schooners of old.
Beneath the hind one nuns an old pall filled with
tar. It is impossible to use grease on one of
these prairto schooners without eventually loos
ening the spokes from the hubs, so tar is used to
prevent this. The wagnn bed was really a boat.
as were all the wagons of the old days. This one
of Meeker'a was tight, and he used It several
times to fonl streams.
The trip of Meeker began on February 2. and
he was continuously on the road with the excep
tion of two weeks, when, in Idaho, a mountain
torrent held him. His oxen were yoked and he
travelled exactly in the style of the travellers of
"The trip tnui mndo nearly as I had mapped it
out." said Mr Meeker, "but I found difficulty in
earing for n:y oo X "n. It has been so long since
these animals were used that : could scarcely
FOOTBALL DIAGRAM NO. J-THE FORMATION
_ TW. ,v« a^gencra, P , an cf the probab , e attack , ng |h . _ .
nna a Wacksmlth who was capable nf .hoelns
iiulmitinti
Un
- n rv
Tte stSni^ Thvy lK1V " " tood tht * tr * »S
■-
I \.S.i l \Z^i S" "" !htl Wl>rk ttl nlKht vn ' 1
M '" y connoted with the
i'l -i.'v „ , th ", tlv<> '^- s '« "re wearing now.
, The, were brought acrmia lh e continent a little
!■; , -fo VJ y Rn \ fr '•■ :u "' we »* ■»»>• «o roe by
1 'V. ..','f ',.' ,"V :;i . n ' "'V 1 lhe "totemen! thai I would
| «:. ::! Ss trp waa conclud « l « ««
' i-\ V '\Trul a U r" ! rainf ' d °«. wefehtalj now
,;';•,";' " !! ,'. ! "" 'I 1'"I 1 '" ynk "- I drtve him simply by
, n ., ';:,'';■"'' n<l I>avt ' "<■•«»••< i.»«« pounds.
ana aus .i rang,, steer when 1 t.,ok him from the
plaujchter peps a few weeks before I becan the
ful'oT 1 ' |S nn ° W a we " trained an-1 *******
"Nov.- as to tali wason I have 'i ijrrnil across
v x ; > '.!' "'"V 1 - -» miles of rough country. I had
t bull at Puyallu:,. U'a«h.. after the pattern of
tn© Old t,i .:■■ prairie schooners. The iron work
M from thp remalna of seTeral wagons that
crossed th.. mountains in IV The woodwork
is all nra except one locust hub on the nigh
fron: Wheel. Tl axles ■.. of the same woo<t.
hrrh i'.zia and all. I have certainly had much
an^u-soinent explaining th© use of thai pail r>f
"Tlie vrason j3j 3 really a boat on wheel*, »*•*■
nil .the rrafrio whooners cf oW lam Kt:ul I
took great pnini to have this on« well built. I
Crossed i tho snako Itlver fifty years a S o, and
on this t•• P i ;l£ra ' ri Crossed it at the same ford,
aunousn ;h> v.u!<r wa.) much leys swift th ,
I rn-. I.forted she North Platte three times
two weeks a^ro.
"My many friends at home *lirl not "think I
was capable of maJdng the ion ff and perilous
trip, being serentr-flre years old arul mor.-. but
j nave s?f., h : it well. I have ten two meals a
day and can always do Justice to both of them
I have never been sick a day in fifty years or
more and can sleep i n the open atr with zest.
I did rot attempt to do all the hard work of the
tnp without plenty of uid. but merely took upon
my shoulders the lighter work of driving and
p acnin? each day's journey. I believe that I
am fully able of completing the rest of fh« trip
to our old home m York State, thus making a
trip of nearly across the continent behind an
ox team."
MANTLE MAKING.
Interesting Details of That Light-
Giving Wonder.
What a power \z Kins Cotton! This valuable
product of American sol] ahnest caused England
to take sides In a war.
Th-s United States produced las: year 13.535.551
bales of cotton, the net weight of sacs. r*i" beinjr
4^5 pounds, thus representing a cotton crop •{
something like K.."65,6C3.T2*> pounds.
Thnt cotton is closely allied with the gas in
dustry is explained by the presence of the incin
descent gas ■■!•■>. which in its flr3t stage is
never"
. :
1
-

towai :
St. ■ -TT^
thorium ami 1 wr rw rf 1 «s i^

knottrd at Mcfa ea( j. ArierT*!* ****'&
rnov« the threads and let tr* m JL.******
then suspend th?m in a mm .
gSAS SAS £Sgst£3&
top. and the salt crystals rer^qVi '••53
sufficient cohesive po2^ t' "SSSfS »■ b*
a manner preets^ similar tr, ,X ,V* «* 2
tlo made, by substituting th* ta,- r tu^XP»a«i
pound for the tabls salt and tho «r^!l^^
for the strands el threads. \\> »•.!? " **>i
proems of what i:i «;ailed the !ns^l^*S <
mar.tle. that Is. th* cotton in I™^°° *?*
the salts of th- rare earths. UwrtS??** »2
Thla Imrregnation having h£%^£JS* ««§
webbing ls thoroughly dri*d ard 'hf^ l^. <
rer|'j!s!te Icniiths. and on*» end "do-i^fl »i
in aurh a manner with thread SsdffSS «3
in sacb. a manner as to form tft» l(ym'.. s " y^*
of the mar.tle. Th-. fabric is s«-??hs a » >*
wooden form of the s!;ap«i of a r-V-ii w * ■
<-nly imich larger. afti»r which it l»"ui'*lL *<>
suspor.drd by a wlr». and the rtam« nfai, ° : ■!
Is applied to the top. exar'l.- 33 was <fi.J^ V: - »
sal-e^ cotron. and th* original cot: on fi,!? b
ually bi;rns away, shrinklnc the meaiwilni
what hns be*n <-hara<-t.-rtstlca:iy called h« * 1^
attorney a coherent skeleton or e<,r'h-- I iK <^:
other words, merely aaothci fcrra i* » 5* i
crystals retaining thf shapo nf th« x^-iZ' 7 ' c '
mantle having been shrunk rr.or» r.^a-ly »^r ?■
the stze of th-* cornpletecl article brt i«*? * s!! *
frapile and of lndef.nite shape, no that [i'^^
subiectPd to the intense he-»r r,f ; , ?a ' a i^ m " ZK *
with comire^sed air. In abm-.t two Jf., * s^**
Ua^t flame will «hane th^ mnr.tle anrt t->2 tt: »
stifflclenrly to handie it. Though n- w fal-t^ "
the mantle will not stand th« rough lisasi *<*?*•
mfnt, sr> tt ts still further tr*at»»d, by bei-rr*"""
in a varnish which tills up the ODeri'i^a io ■<
wisa stnVras th» mantle. It t, tS^Sifi
Is btirn^d away when a new mantle Is t"ik • "~*'
in* th- mantle In th«* «amn condition It wjj^i 'T"
It hsid h»*r. soMsctsd to th* ai-rlnn of t>-» *"
fl air-ea« ftame. At this part of •hs»^^
t is only necessary t» cut the mantle fc'a'--^!
length, mount It on a support nr..i have tt'r«!w
the consumer's use.— ("las Logic.
EXTENDING LAKE PLACID SUM
Lake Placid. X, V.. Sept. r (Sp-claD—Stesa^
ar.d o~en fires BATS been made ':nnecesiary w^
perfect weather in the AdtluiMtsckl thts*«»l m
guests of the Grand View scorn loath to lnv». 9^,
of them wishin? to stay after the dat 8 *JI7T ;
clpsine— October 1 — ro which reoueat ij 1, _i^"
possible the proprietor will accede.
Mr- Parkes gave two card parties rhta «•* _,
for whist and the oth»r for e-n-hr». aod th»^2
were wr.n by Mrs. Rici.ard Purdy. Mrs. Pedmtt?
E. Week and Mr. Mora. ">*>*st.
Th« concert of Sunday evenlr.sr •-■-.. »,
most enjoynble of th» season. In. addltics 1' +1
musical numbers r^r.ii^red by th« Grand r<i%
chestra. Richard A. Purdy nf x PW y^ -' ■•
Shakespeariin rvsdhig. trikln? for ha J^'J.
"Julias Ciesar." Hi 3 deliven,- nv.<i act:a?w-«i!!:
applause. Mrs. Purdy also charmed UlssaS
by her stagtßg of -The Hniy City." ,-• ■ ■ .
en>oie responded with "Dearie."
Work on the improvements !n the Ml *•
grounds has alrealy bejrin. but building *U1 a, C
starts! until the housa c'.oaes.
AT THE HOTEL ASPISWAIL
At this season of the rear th<* ssm of>
Berkshire Hills, in Western Xlassachusersi a
at the'.r beat and many persor.3 are «scapoa »
hot weather in town by remaining: them Ts»tt
tumnal coloring of hills ami fluids tasfta»9_
and tna ridi:;s and i!r:vir.:: aM mc« es:rv.
Hundreds of automobiles flash past £a »
points of ir.fereat every day.
At the Hnt«l Aspinwall. In Lenox, *»* %
mains or":i through October for fhe ccnrSa
and comfort of th« many gu*s:*. there tn"^
prominent Xew Yorkers for longer or an
DIAGRAM, l m
I stays. Tl-e. dollsrhfs of th» Le:iox. SgfS
I Great Harrington .md Ptttaflctd ref^ns, «"= -»,
| iriMny historic and social ;».-<sivUti<'E3>,, ir1 ,.,.«.,
fully enjoyed by a Stay a: the Asplswall. w..a
. raclllties afforded for visiting all th» P l * l '^^'.
t^ rest and rarricipHtlr.K n marh t.^;xt
j the plea>i:re .if a staj Ja t.':« couatty ■-*"
j things combine for the visitor's enJOJ™** _iH
The rorgrons tints ..;' the antvma f«lla«» |"5
j "far blue hills of old New KrsclanJ* **$?&
1 tlrer than t'l.-v are th-.- present season, *;••'■;'_<
| marked !>y th.'- luxnn.-in.e .•::,! N- VJty of t™^jj
! when the trees w.>r<» still «r^r.. and J;%T"-,
1 wcathtr of this •quinortia! sctuoa is fo S^ftxrf
'■ th«- most sopc*BW en^jrmeni ••' a'-l >> (lt;locr iSi
I and diversions, which abound !n ths U* ol t
Tri»- auUtmobils tr:;. fr.-m tU!.* !*«y to ~» # "^j
Asp;;. wall is a panlcuturl? tf«n«atna f*^
i can be e:isilv t.«k»-n in on* .!.>'•• C'^S v ? 1,«~.i
; »^n sod tier. a< rom Dutches* CW»aC r »«'22S
j \Trsteh*i«t*i a-.d Connecticut, to t!.« Kau»
I Valley, in SXassaehusctts*.
AT VIRGINIA HOT SMl**
Vlrcmla Hoi SprhiEa, s->pt. (3pect " 3j ! l rt .
I wealth and fashion of Northern i" ltle9 ar * j^
j senred here this autumn in ;■ season th^f t»» cer
I rnrlier than usual
Mr. ;«n.i Mr- uihm H. V Vaboaet VJ^Srm
i-.i: Mi.-.s l^.t., | t1 ,v:i.,,r.. of UaltiimM*. »»»^
] f.«i Ion,: «!riv. - e\,rv .in. i,.— '^
Mr. and Mr» 15. Lhrinxstoa B»T*f«f»sSkV
; own h.r-.s r«t». ami do W^J^HjjJSsl
I lunrheun .it Tin- thik,^ recently tor 3ir. «*»
I viulniA A.l.ims Shaw. ir.. of Ho-«t»n. j^,
Mrs, H*-,r.v M Al.xun^r ami M^ r -« k V
[ O« New York. pFay ternils iinJ rUIe horseOK"
Mr nnd M--c Wlnthrop Purr tn 3^-
I «;.ui;rlitfr.-! ;u-.^ni!<any t'lem. \**5 < *'
Mr*. Ke.-in.il.l DvKwn .-irrived rroai - .j,
tiiU week t< r h.-r annual «i*« «° "^
an. I rp.«t. „ **
Among the wonwTi mm at tiw J^S*ST»S
Mr*. H. It.iunh.iH r.ilh-rt. of Now U'rß.
Albert t:. Lambert, of St. «*"»»■ r^f j,
the ittmmn n » vii:.i .it N arr^un*"" »^ ,s
Mr.-. George »'. K-bW. of >-•« *«*J?ES g
York i-.rv WHiinm TumbuH «R S^^Ssfe!
bi.i?> U;:iker. Mr and Mr«. •\ lam ", ii.rye*
*ttU Mrs. Oeors* A. Qninb* Mr* J- "^pTBJ^J
Mr. asd i . UKMtd W. l«ro«a. i.:?-
Veilter, Morris Grovsa Stanley ce p fB s»rJ'
De«t*r. Alexander M. Stewar: unrt v»"
THE SIMPLE BRIDE.
Brtrte (aft** th. r.tum t»« »^*S?*«
by this nie.;i>.il w«»rt that n nun re>i _
lu.-ns- s!r* t > .m.l ;i woman «'»»• 3O n<.e*t«T* v
Drldegrocm— Tea; 1»« r*ad tn « ; « f

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