Newspaper Page Text
On the Iwt «C ■« J^r th * city, as required *>?
the s*sr»r iiisoed * p*per-c-vered volume. 11 by Ult&M r^A an »r.ch thick. It contained «1 D«*e» If mt«e matter. This document, with pf.pe« tfcaa Tte~ of the New York vs »* ' ld we*idf •»,«** tn« -">'• payroll. Therein were con tUrtC th« rjim«e. occupations. addressee, etc.. of tho** •*• «--• cow la the employ of the city nd of mmss who ls*»a left »* Barries since January 1. No at.4 know* how ■■■? name* there are In th« book, r J—< ," It be the printer or some one who ha* had a irtr tour? rf leisure and spent it In the task of -ountir* them. This fact was discovered by an irevtrer '•■■ th© course of a round of calls at the ~-.-et wi:er« one would expect to find that lnfor- BHttiSß. Is Quest of knowledge of the number of rn-.f'xyes in each of the different departments. At tho oSoe cf the Controller, through whose depart ment the payrolls pass, an official seid: -We haven't that information here. You can „. oiat at the office of the Municipal Civil Sen-ice Coir.jr.is*ion. The entire payroll of the city was published in 'The City Record' on July 81. That HJIKI-t help you out." A copy of "The City Record" was obtained. It *-s« the volume described. There were no totals. 7f inquirer thought of the task of counting the same* of thousands of school teachers and police men. An alternative seemed to be that of calling x:y the departments en the telephone. There are r!ear!y sixty different branches of the city's ser vice, according to the index of the number of "The City record" containing the Met While it wouldn't t!6 r.eeestary to call up till of them, as the names cf thoM» employed in the minor ones could be counted easily, yet the alternative presented a task th*. Rested railing at th« office of the Civil gervire mission, as recommended. At the. bureau of information in the office of the corr'rr.ission DO one seemed to know anything about ft record of city employes, but the Inquirer was directed to one of the many offices sf the comrnis flor;. wh're was raid to be an offi. lai who might t* able to throw a little light on the subject. At this cff.ee. which was at the other end of the Smll. U» inquirer was nost courteously received ar.d tak*>n ir.side the railing ••\v# hH\e to make a quarterly report to the Mayor of the number of persons In the service," lv c!T*r!sl said, as he began to rummage through }.:» O*U. "Then ln our annual report we tell how r.-t^r.y vm employed in the different departments. iln:t'* oa« of those reports for 1*06." he continued, j-ulllr-r OOt a thin b^ok bound In red leather. "I , coat seem to be able to find the report for 1906. Zi yes to Into room No. — and ask for Mr. B » he c&n tell you what the figures in the last re port *ere." He gave up the search for the last report. Room No. — proved to be the room from which the inquirer had been turned by the bureau of in formation. Mr. B — v.a 6 there, however. After learning- what was desired, he remarked: "You czn ft all '-he information you want from 'The City Record' for J::ly £U That contains all the names" — ••Yes." Internipted the inquirer. "I have a copy of Tl-.f City Record.' but it doesn't tell how many there are ln tie employ of the city or in any of Its departments. The only way to find out what I want to know from it Is to count the names, and you know how long it would take to do that. I ttoupht perhaps there was some one office in which I could g»t the Information quickly." With thlp. Mr. I — rot sot the official copy of the report for IS*W. but it did not specify the num \,er of perscr.s in ''.c different departments. "When you rr.sJce yo::r report cf the total to the Mayor. 1 ow do you discover the number?" asked the Inquirer. •Its F.Ti est!m*te. We deduct the number of thoe«s ir.^n bars resigned from the last total and add the number who have been appointed from the- eligible list.-: Thinkirc that perhaps the information might be S'-curf-d from reports from the different depart ments to the Mayor, the Bee of the official head Of tii* 1 dry wcjs vi^ted. " Ta<» Cty Record' " - began an official at that off.w. "i>a, I know that Th- City Record* printed the list." broke In The inquirer, "but It does not give th* r.umtiers in the different departments. I thought rerheps the reports to the Mayor would give the lr.fonr.atirn I want." "Tile have-'t what you want," replied the official "I would be glad to help you in eny way that I can. You might get tnem from the Commission or: Salaries arid Grades, recently appointed. Go over to the office of the russnilaslmiwis of Accounts ar.fl asl: for Mr. Hertle or Mr. Yon Ska .; they might know; they are on this n p w commission." •I with I could tell you." Bald Mr. Hertle. when hIF oSce was reached. "If you come around three rsor.ths from now I might be able to tell you. By that Ohm I thir.k we ehall have reached that point. Thf dry Record' " "I have a copy already, but that doesn't give me what I wtir.t," replied the Inquirer, with an at temft to suppress his feeling of weariness. Then ihe inquirer took another look at the copy of "Th* City Record." Watch In hand, he ran fcjy pencil dnxvn one or two of the pages. He found that 5t required 40 seconds to count the names on or.c pn?f>. Then he noted the 490 page* of names, and, dnir.g a little example In multiplication and weights and measures, found that if he worked ■without sir-yping for luncheon or a. drink of water he n.lfrht, unless he collapsed, count the names in I hours, ti minutes and SS seconds. "I guess I'll ts»> th*> telephone for awhile," he said to himself. This method worked well until about 3 o'clock, when he foun.'l that the departments ■are closing up. "C&'.l up to-morrow morning, about 9:30 o'clock, and you may f.r.d f-ome one," was the reply he began to receive. "Every ono'B one for the day. We close The traar.t meet was suffering a conflict be twv^n Jut c?Hciai and her private self. That rart of her which had been informing method ically the <l utles for which the Board of Educa tion v.i.K giving her a. salary was confronted by , ttrcticn of the heart. People who work tzr.rr.g the pocr are apt to encounter these prob- I*rr.«. It vt.s at the and of one long, hard day saßt the truant ':<■•■ home a won led 'spr-ssion on her face. "I'm troubled about th« Bro-miK.' 1 «rt« remarked to bar crown-up son over their supper together. The grown-up son hs.4 r.»ver heard of the Browns, but be was ac tU«tcr-.e<S to have people he had never heard <>'■ thur.Tafl Into the conversation. -v» s mother?" he replied, interrogatively. ''.Vilii* Brown is Just eleven, and he's work 's r~-vork'. r.g for the princely sum Of ?'_'."'• a ***k. of i:>aTs«. h* oujjiit to be s^ing to school. *r.d \t r>MU7-?»« It's my duty f o report him. But the «i npie :ruth is that that $2£><J a weok is all the * *t:.:;/ huve to Uvo on. Or. at least, it's so •xarly si! thPt if it were taken away they Walflat get along. The home would be broken ''!•. of <ii>:irse." ?r*» CTCwn-UJ> non looked '■■■' was fct-!y:i.g BvCiolOgy. "Ma'J.fir/" he protested, "what kind of a homo "•">* It t)r ur.dcr the conditions you describe? Of •'OSrws, '.ts your fluty to ].;••:•• case. There *-ro plenty of i!istltut!or.r. for Just such" "It is :i home." she said firmly. "It's two bare J-Witf la a squalid tenement, but it's a home, fi*i£ that mother Is the natural person to take **« of those c;hlldren. But she's too frail and roai djn-n to do much in the way of earning— an o^casknsi half-day's ck-anlng is all she's fit for. You should >.....-«• peen >. .- and those children as - t«"w them to-day— the three younger children, hvre.-y 'icnkir.d little creatures, in cheap black •l-**sr*s. The black Js for their father. WiUlfli kr«v. n ctLtrte ia via-? I was there, and he and **•» u.u'J:*-:- told me their story. An old neighbor HUGE CITY PAYROLL A SEVERE STRAIN ON TAXPAYERS. at 8 o'clock In the summer time-." Then he fell back once, more on "Th« City Reccrd." usually the drjest publication printed In New York, but In this issue one of the most human of document*. Taking the estimate of tho Municipal Civil Ser vice Commission that on June. 50 there wore 42..' 10 persons on the payroll of the city, he thought as he turned the pages of th« book that therein t.-is spread forth the secret of one In every one hun dred persons he might meet as he strolled down Broadway at luncheon time, for one in even' five score inhabitants of the city Is on its payroll. "What a lot of people are drawing salaries from the property owners of the city," he thought. •V.'hy. 1f \V;:shlnKton had had that number of soldiers behind him at the beginning of the Revo lution the war might have been brought to a close long before Groat Britain gave in. That number is between two an.: three times as great as the total number of men on both sides nt the surrender of Burgoyne after the fighting of one of the fifteen decisive battles of the world." Then the inquirer pulled out a book containing army and navy sta tistics and discovered that up to the time of the Spanish-American War the regular army of the United States had never had an enrolment equal to the army working for the people of New York City. He found that the present enrolment in all the branch* ■ of the naval service was almost exactly eleven thousand lees than those en»:.;trpri In steering the metropolis of the American conti nent toward Its destination— metropolis of the world. Then ho discovered that there were only eighty-eight cities in the Vnlted States which have a population greater than the population of the city departments. The Inquirer took out his pencil again and did some more figuring. "If each employe represented one family, and all of the families of employes lived in New York City, then, based on the estimate that statisticians have made that thero are 4.7 persons to a family in New York City, one in every 20 36 families is drawing compensation from the city treasury. If there were no Civil Service, what a graft that would be for the city politicians. It would ap proach a kind of private municipal ownership." He imagined them all lined up in single file and marching along the. waterfront of Manhattan from East 110 th street toward the Battery. Each person had his hands on the shoulders of the person in front. He saw the line sweep down under the arch of the Brooklyn Bridge, the care "burring" along overhead. The head passed down South street in front of the chandler shops and on to the Battery. Not half of the city em ployes had started yet. and the human bulwark extended unbrokan already more than eight miles. The line had started at 9 o'clock in the morning. It was past noon when its head curved around the Battery wall, past the Aquarium, and turned north along West street. For three hours more it threaded its way along the Hudson River front. The offices of some of the departments would be closing now if they had been opened that day and there was any one to close them, for it was now past 8 o'clock. The thousands still waiting to Join the line, the inquirer could see, were pulling out their watches and grumbling be cause they were kept waiting so long. "We would be leaving the office now if we had teen there to-day. Why, it will be midnight before we get around." said they. Still the line moved forward at the rate of three miles an hour. Two thousand, four thousand, five thousand, attached themselves to the human chain. It was almost 4 o'clock when the few hundreds re maining saw the Mayor at the head of the line wearily struggling along 110 th street toward them, with the Controller, the president of the Board of Aldermen and the. members of the Board of Esti mate and Apportionment behind. Reaching th« tail end of the line, the Mayor shook hands with the last man and wished him a pleasant tramp. The line was a trifle over twenty miles long. Then the inquirer imagined this Una falling head long like a pack of cards. Each person took hold of the ankles of the person ahead. The line had grown to a length of forty-two and 'three-fourths miles. If laid down on the waterfront of Man hattan, he found by a little study of the. map of the city, it would 6urround the island, which has a circumference of thirty-three miles, and lap over on Itself from the Fort Lee ferry, north of Grant's tomb, to the Battery, a distance of nearly ten miles." "This army must cost the taxpayers something," thought the inquirer. "I wonder how nil the payroll is?" He called up the City Paymaster's office on the telephone. "We paid $64,264,547 <"■: to the employes of the city In 1905," paid Mr. Tlmmer man over the wire. The inquirer thought of the Panama Canal, on which It has been estimated that IS.MO.Ott can be spent in the course of one year. '"That woul- pay the expenses of the con struction work of the canal for more than two and a half years," he Bald to himself. "It is fourteen million more than the United States paid for the canal and the territorial rights around It. This amount was within eight millions of the amount appropriated for the use of the army, which has a force of about 86,000 men, above BO per cent more than those who sign New York's payroll." This amount, he found further by examining statistics. is more than twice as much as Chicago, with a population of approximately 2,<KW.O'./0, spends on Its entire government. Then the inquirer looked over the figures he had succeeded In getting over tho telephone, and found that there are approximately 13.500 teachers on the payroll It requires 8,163 policemen to maintain order on the 2.911 miles of streets. Approximately 5,000 men are in the department which attempts to keep these many miles of highways clean. Men of the un obtrusive sort who often turn out to b» heroes, to A HARROWING PROBLEM DELIGHTFULLY SOLVED. I from tho house where they used to live me to see them, and cam" when 1 dW. ■re walked to the car she supplied a few • It seems that in this house where they for merly were Mrs. Brown was employed as Janl tress, for which she got $10 a week and their the elder, was alive then, and worked In a livery stable for ?'J k." "Th*n they ought to have saved something. "Seventy cents a week went for William Brown's carfare— Cor he had to bo to the stable on Sundays, too, for odd Jobs. They had lost two children not long; before, and were paying off the debts • ntalled by the b al. Then th<-r<- were the weekly dues on on each member of tni family: you know a> well as I do that horror of a burial in th- es The poor, all those who have any pride, to pay tl Insur :>i.>ugh they live on dry bread for it. The Browns didn't live on dry bread; they got along fairly comfortably; bui they couldn't save anything. Brown wasn'i strong, the wife told in', and lost a X""d many daj cnt of I • old neighbor told me h>w fond they all ■•' i re <>f htm and of each other. a. th< childher earned a few cinta runnln' errants.' she .- <* i < : . 'they'd spind it tur swate supper.' They .>:e*-m . been quite happj and fairly prosperous rown. poor Th. '.-.■. i mimitted a:, error • Th* tenement In which they lived was put on the market, and, being fearful that 1 under a new landlord, she • particularly polite t.. persons who came t tl . • • ■ .n her part, nf course, i tirely Just to her employers, but t.'ji when a woman Is trying desperately :i roof over her i bildren's heads and help her sick husband along you can'i ) lame h»-r t> for showing mistaken ardor. But sl.j ■ -.< for it "Th. «.f th< to whom Mrs. Brown had been ru<J--. H< hing at all ah. .in it: l to discharge her, I n h< most expedi ..-.•■ and i:.- ■ hildrea and tin • ' on the sidewalk one • work. le Mrs. Brown I In hysterics, tered around and Th iy . . -. Well, ua Dearly NEW-YOBK DAILY TRIBPyE. STZNDAY. SEPTEMBER 30. 1906. More Than Forty Thousand Persons Drawing More Than Sixty Million Dollars in SaJe^rxes Each Year Now. svnd Municipal Ownership Would Vastly Increase These Figures. the number of S.T6O. are employed to protect life and property from loos by flre. About 1.800 persons look after the health of the city, and perhaps 2.000 bind up the wounds of the afflicted in the city hospitals. It requires, he learned, nearly 500 per sons to see that tenement houses are built in ac cordance with the law. Between 1.000 and 2.000 per sons look after the city's playgrounds. More than 300 persons are employed to care tor those wicked ones who have come under the dlspleasuro'of the courts and have been placed in durance vile for a time. In glancing over the ponderous copy of "The City Record" the inquirer discovered that persons of almost every occupation Imaginable were required by the city. There are bookkeepers, clerks, type writers and stenographers, of course, by the hun dred; sealers, advertising experts, engrossing clerks, bookbinders, veterinarians, chauffeurs, styled auto mobile engine men; offl^o boys Innumerable, a clerk "with knowledge in handwriting," bank messen gers, copyists, telephone operators drawing more salary than the average school teacher outside of Now York, hellotropers. armorers, hostlers, seamen of all grades, apothecaries, physicians, represent*. FINE NEW BCHOOL (IN FOREGROUND) AT COLUMBUS, GA., TO BS OPENED TO-MORROW. An outgrowth of a scheme to take children out of factories and give them an education. This institution cost more than $500,000. tives of practically even," trade, chemists, pneteri olo^lsts. "rustic workers," "rustic carpenters." "cliiubers and pruners." eardeners, "sounders," menagerie keepers. arboriculturists, butchers, shoemakers, tailors and domestics. If Hearst 6hould be elected Governor and have his way about municipal ownership, future print ings of the payroll might contalr. the names of thousands of motormen, conductors and guards, and be at least two hundred pages larger than at present. If municipal ownership should prevail In this city tho payroll would receive an ad dition of from 2.*..000 to 30,000 additional names and he swelled many millions of dollars, for It would take in the Interborough company, with Its ele vated and subway lines, the Burface lines of Man hatt;tn. The Bronx, Queenß and Richmond, the Brooklyn Rapid Transit system, which alone has thirteen thousand employes, aca the gas, electric light and telephone plants of all the boroughß. CHILD LABOR SCHOOL. Columbus, Ga. } Starts In to Thor oughly Train Factory Youngsters. Columbus, Ga,, Sept. 23 (Special;. — Embodying a special effort to provide an industrial education for some of the tens of thousands of children who, un 'l' j r the new anti-child labor legislation of <>e.>r gia, must leave the factories or January 1. 1907. and go to school, the Columbus secondary In-: School will open its doors on Monday. Child labor legislation and the great demand for skilled labor in tho South are responsible for the founding of the Secondary Industrial School here — in tho heart of one of the most important centres of cotton manufacture In ti:.- South. Children un der fourteen years of age will not, after January 1. 1907, be permitted to work In ai y factory in Georgia There will be thousands of i ■ ys ami girls between ten and fourteen ye^irs of age forced out of the factories ard into the schools. The grammar schools of the Etate are already overcrowded, and many of the factory children will not find places, in large cotton mill centn-s this will work a great hardshi;), und the real purpo.se of the Child bill passed by the Geo- l .ture in June will In nearly all tho large cltlea of the Bt.ttc be de feated, for a time at leu->3t, by the lack of public school facilities. Realizing that child labor legislation was lnevita What Is To Be Done with a Lad Who Should Go to School but Is the Sole Support of His Mother? as I can make out. -what he felt to b<s the dis grace of the thing killed him— then and there, but he died a few weeks afterward. They had always paid a? they went and lived honestly, Mrs. Brown said, and her husband "couldn't hold his head up' under the shame of being put out on the street. She Paid It actually seemed to paralyze his mind. He took to his bed as soon as they pot Into their new rooms, and died there." "And so Willie Brown was put to work?" said the truant officer's grown-up son. "Yes. A friend offered him a place at $250 a week, and for several months they have lived on that and The tittle the mother could earn, and she, It Is plain to be seen, is worn out from grief and anxiety i.nd lack of proper food. I was informed that the truant law was belnp violated there, and I tailed In. The children were scared half to death when I appeared— l don't know what they took me for. They huddled in a corner like ■ brood of frightened little black and white chickens. What they and the mother and Willie seem to dread the most Is being sep arated. I told them I wouldn't report Willie to-day, at leant, and— l don't know." "Now, mother," said the grown-up son. "put ting sentiment aside, what is the beat thing for that family, and for the community, and pos terity? You say the woman looks sick, and the children hungry. Is it best for them to drag along there on quarter rations, while Willie grows in Ignorant and stunted from working while he should "• in school— and the other chil dren probably taken from school and put to work as soon as they can earn a few pennies— or is it beat for the children all to be put Into Institutions, where they will be well fed. clothed and educated, and mad» Into good citi zens ' I suppose the mother could get an easy place in som family, maybe. if «he hadn't T.iu children to think of. hat does the law say about truant children and about child labor?" •• -All children between the ages of eight and fourteen shall attend school between October 1 and June 1 of eai h year, for as many days as the public schools are In session.'" murmur the truant otllcer mechanically. "That' 3 the Ccmuuisory Education law. '.No child under bl-. the manufacturers of Columbus, led by O. Gunby Jordan, president of the Kagle and Phoenix Cotton Mills, foundel the Secondary Industrial School, a distinct departure in the field of educa tion. Its purposes are twofold— to offer the chil dren of the three thousand cotton mill operatives of Columbus an education In trades in which they have already had practi.-a! training, and to f;::n!sh Urn mills and factories of this city and vicinity with skilled labor. Located on a hill overlooking Columbus. In a settlement but a year eld. which has grown from a '.vide expanse of vacant lots to a manufacturing city with three thousand Inhabitants and two large fa. tnries, this school, an industrial experiment. Is thoroughly at home. It is a new school embodying a new idea, located in a new town, where there ar° people living who are new to the South. Wiif-n completed there will be eight buildings on the campus of the school, each devoted to one of Columbus'a several Industrial activities. The build inß-s will be grouped in a quadrangle, with the main building i n the centre. Devoted entirely to the study of cotton mill machinery, the textile building, as the department of the school expected to furnish the cotton mills of this city with all classes of labor, will receive the most attention from those back of the Institution. Here the sons of the,. present* cotton mill operatives will learn to be skilled weavers of both plain and colored poods of the finest qualities. Four years' training in this building will give the students sufficient experience to command, w lthln a short time after they re-enter the- mills, wages as good as their fathers are now drawing. The breaker room. the card room, the spinning room and dye house will all be supplied with labor from this te-xtile bulld incr. which will graduate seventy or eighty boys a year, as well as turning out a large number who have taken only a part of the course, but who cannot continue the- work. With the advent of the manufacture of fine cotton goods ln the South, there is a great de mand In all mil! cities for experienced dyers. The Secondary Industrial School will endeavor to sup ply the mills with all the labor of this class needed. In addition to a knowledge of dyeing the. graduates of this and all other textile departments will be well drilled In the fundamental principles underlying the various processes in the manu facture of cotton goods. Italian and German Immigrants are being sought by the foundries of Georgia. The Secondary In dustrial School will have a special department for teaching the children of any foreigners who may come to Columbu3 to settle trndes which they will be, able to follow m the industrial plants of the city. For this work there will be a foundry, blacksmith and michtne shop. There is a big demand in Columbus for skilled cotton mill labor. The same conditions exist all ov?r the state. Progress in the manufacture of fine cotton goods In the South has been retarded because of the Inability of the mills to secure the necessary labor for the machines. As it Is located In on» of the largest cotton manufacturing cities in the South, the school will perfect the textile course as the most necessary one. At the same time, that the idea embodied in it may be successfully worked out. students will be orppar«'d In all industrial courses, that every factory in Columbus may be benefited Domestic arts, Including sewir.gr. cookine and housekeeping, will be- taught to girls. Shorthand and typewriting will be taught to both boys and girls. Governor Joseph M. Terrell of Georgia, George Foster Peabody and Robert C. Ogden of New York were present at the laying of the corner atone of the first building of -he Secondary Indus trial School. In an address made on thru day. Governor Terrell remarked that a far-reaching Step forward bad been taken by Columbus. The enure group of builiings forming the school will be completed ' in about two years. ENTHUSIASM AT GARDEN CITY. Garden City. Iconic: Island. Sept. "•>. — With eager expectancy the tl-.n.M^s of automobile enthusiast? Cre gathered at the Garde-. City Hotel are looking forward to the V&nderbilt Cap rooe next Saturday. Wherever two or more persons are gath the lobby of the big hotel the inte::. cup event is the topic of conversation. Among the feminine patrons of the hotel the interest manifest ed In the racing- is especially lively, and at the fourteen years of age may be employed in any factory, store, business or telegraph oftlce, res taurant, hotel or apartment house, or in the dis tribution of goods or messages.' That's the Child Labor law— or at lear.t a part of it. Bui." she added with a shadowy smile, "isn't there a law which says that every child needs the love and tendance of Its own mother? It isn't on the statute books, 1 know." Willie Brown did not go to school the next day. or the next week, either. H< kept on work ing for 52 50 a week, and the family lived on to- C.'ther. or existed, in their two rooms. How the truant officer managed she never divulged. Per hips she reported that the Browns had moved, and that sh" <ou!dn't find them. Whatever she did she kept the Browns in mind, though she was a busy woman. One day she spoke to a friond about them. The friend wrinkled her brows. "It seems to me that something might be di . about them," she said; "the boy sent to school and the family kept together. There is no lack of philanthropic societies, and. though I don't know much about them technically, l be lieva they're, going more and more upon the theory that it's better to keep families intact where it's possible, I'm going to see about Willie Brown's case." "Well, I wish you would," said the truant officer. ' "I'm too busy. I'm in a rut, I believe, and don't know much outside my regular routine." v Th.- friend proceeded to vinvestlgate the big Charities Building, in East "-d street. Down one of the corridors on an upper floor she found a door touring the inscription. "New York Child Labor Committee." "That sounds Ilka it," she said to herself. She went in. and laid the case of Willie Brown be fore George A. Hall, secretary of the committee. "Why, of course the- Browns can be helped, and without breaking up the home," Mr. Hall as sured her. "We have a fund for such cases— that is. for a certain class of such cases; other classes come under the wings of the various re lief societies. "Our committee, in Its efforts to secure the j enforcement of the child labor laws of this state, ia frequently mot with tho objection that bridge and tea parties held on the veranda the merits of the foreign and American teams form the topic of lively discussion. The scenes at the hotel last week. wh»n hundreds of prominent socletv persons of New York and Brooklyn slept on cots and mattresses in the public rooms of the hotei in order to be near th» Mart of the- trial race, are evidence of the widespread en thusiasm that has been aroused over th« Vanderbllt Cup contest. Even creater than last w»»k will be the influx of automobile enthusiasts into Garden City for the big contest next Saturday. Although fancy prices have been offered for rooms by late comers, the Garden City Hotel has declined all of these proposals. In the order of their application rooms have been reserved at the hotel at the usual rates, and no advantage has been taken of prospec tive patrons because of the ifr*at demand for accom modations. The White City, or Camp Vanderbflt. as it has been named, which is to be »rect»'l in th* park adjacent to the hotel, will orovldc .Trcommofin tions for several hundred racegoers. The Garden City Hotel and Camp Vanderbllt will provide sleep ing accommodations for more than one thousand persons next Friday nisrht. Many of the city people who will attend the Van d>rbllt Cup race will take in the North Shore Horse Show at Locust Vnlley In the afternoon. The hostesses of the Roslyn. Westbury and Glen Cove colonies will make up auttmobil© parties f.-r the run to Locunt Valley, stopping over at the Garden City Hotel for luncheon. By the conflict in date* roclety has been compelled to divide it* lnJer»"»t in automobile and horses on the »im» day. For many scasewi the North Shore Hors* Show h«s been" one of the fixe.l events of the Long Island social calendar. At t! .!.-< exhibition the tliorouzh br»>(V>i who have taken blue ribbons on the summer circuit will compete for final honor*. Taul E>. Cra vath Is president of the Horse Show, and the asso ciation Includes In its membership, most of the wealthy, residents of the- North Shore "JOHN D." AT GOLF. Mr. Rockefeller Plays Hard and Fears Not Indigestion. "Fore." cried Mr. Rockefeller. Slowly he swuner his driver back for the stroke. poised it for the. fraction of a second, and "Now, when I was in Yellowstone Park." beeran the loud, cheerful voice of that typical bore who is alike Ignorant of golf and confident that everybody wants to hear him talk. Justice Harlan. of the United States Supreme Court, would slay that man with an iron who spoke when he was about to drive a golf ball. If you want to see the battle li«ht in the. eye of Lieuten ant General Miles bribe a caddie to rattle the sticks in a bag just as he begins hie drive. "Click:" To the disconcerting music of the Yellowstone Park chatter. Mr. Rockefeller serenely whirled his club through tts arc. caught the ball squarely on the face of the driver in that clean fashion that a golfer love* and dreams about of nights. On went the stick in that "follow through" which is the never ending chorus of the professional* song of Instruction. Away went the ball, "far and true." clearing two bunkers, striking good ground and bounding on to the end of its flight. 150 yards from the tee and right in th» centre of the course. Then Mr. Rockefeller, turning pleasantly to the bore, asked: "What did you say about the Yellowstone?" The bore, encouraged, continued his conversation at every tee.. Golfers will appreciate this sidelight on a brother enthusiast In the royal game. And unless you are Interested Jn John D. Rockefeller as a golfer you had lietrer not read further. When at his home. For-st Hill. Cleveland, he plays golf, unless some real obstacle or had weather Intervenes, every weekday mornine fresa 9 to 11 or 11:30 s'deek. Ousels, and there are usu ally six or eight, are expected to be at (he lodge gate In time to reach the links by this appointed hour. A Ms brake meets them at the lodge. At the flr3t tee a caddy is waiting tor every man ex pected. It is perhaps a minute before the master of the links arrives, and you have time to look them over. It Is a tall, broad shouldered and active host who strides to the meeting place. He docs stride. too. Mr. Rockefeller is credited with being sixty eight. Perhaps he is. His golf game is a good many years younger than that. Generally speak ing, this man is very much like those well pre served and vigorous figures in the Senate and public life of Washington who make age seem but a relative thing. His physician and friend. Dr. H. F. Bigg&r. says, with a whimsical expression of mock regret: "Mr. Rockefeller is altogether too healthy." The- man has a strong face, with the wrinkles you would expect from an intense life of sixty eight years, but not withered as cartoons and even some photographs have led you to suppose. He is tanned a good, healthy color. His eyes are small; blue and very expressive. They twinkle with humor, soften In sympathy, shine In pleasant greet ing and brighten with enthusiasm as do any ex pressive eyes. Those eyes have been described as unlike any of their kind, as Inscrutable, as chilly, with the fixed hardness of blue steel, as furtive in expression, as having the weird characteristics— in short, required by an active imagination to fit with certain concep tions of Mr. Rockefeller the character in literary melodrama. All I can say as to tnat is that Mr. Rockefeller the golfer has a very human pair of eyes, as Mr. Rockefeller the golfer proves on ac quaintance to be very much a human being and not at all like the formidable, terrible, gigantic and mysterious Jinnee out of the "Arabian Nights" that he has been described. His eyes are keen an.l quick. I should say they could take the measure of what they looked upon, whether it was man or problem, as tho instantaneous shutter of a snap shot camera catches its picture. They have been well trained to observe and ■ measure men and events. I have no doubt they can flash with in some Instances a child's earnings are all that Stand between a family and suffering. This fear Of causing suffering in the child laborer's fam ily has been one of the greatest causes of child labor In our state. These who are responsible for the enforcing of the law were Inclined to make exceptions because of that fear. The de mand for such exceptions tending to Increase as the fact became known, the official's life was apt to be made a burden, and the humane purpose of the law was in danger of being thwarted. "Investigation of a number el cases disclosed the fact that the contention that the child's earnings were absolutely needed to keep the wolf from the door was not always true by any means, and when this committee found it to be true the family was cared for by the relief so cieties. But this method hasn't been altogether satisfactory, for self-respecting parents are in clined to resent anything which they regard as charity. Consequently we were very glad when about a year ago, through the generosity of a friend of this committee, we were enabled to an nounce that, for a time at least, in all worthy cases of the sort the children would be granted 'child labor scholarships, that Is. a sum of money equal to their week earnings, provided trey regularly attended school. "In the year since the fund was established we ha Ki?^ Klvon a number of these scholarships The children holding them are required to show each week attendance cards signed by their principals. Careful investigation of thi> home conditions are made before a scholarship is granted, in order that the fund shall be drawn upon only where It would be Impossible for the family to get along without. And as l told you. wo care only for a certaia class of cases— that Is. when th- child Is between th.- ,t«^s of four teen and sixteen. You know tbe law— that no child under fourteen may be employed In a fac tory, store etc under any clrc imstances. and that no child of fourteen or fifteen may be em ployed In any of the designated establlshmvts or occupations without an employment certifi cate, from the Board of Health. To secure this certificate the child must have attended school at leßst 130 days since its thirteenth birthday. must be able to read and write simple sentences in English, and must be thoroughly familiar with arithmetic' through fractions. A gradua tion certificate- from a public school of New York State ••! from another school equally high may be accepted as evidence that a child is fourteen years old and as a passport to the ranks of the workers. The employment certificate must be wrath, too. and be sufficiently unpleasant to face* For the nature they Interpret to the wortd Is a »«ry • positive one. Undoubtedly tiiey can mask, as well, the feeling of the soul behind them, for no man of affairs lives to rtpe and successful years without mastering hi* expression. But ft Is noticeable that they always look straight Into yours, not shifting or drooping or evading the challenge- of glances. Mr. Rockefeller appears in turtle back mm hat, soft gray suit, wit:. Norfolk Jacket, and tea shoes. He is smartly dressed ami well groomed. He toast i ' his Jacket aside when he plays and swings his arms la the fr^^lom of a »oft. negligee sMrt. Be wears Ike regular golfing gloves on each head. He h»s been playing golf some seven or eight years, and, as with all men who begin the game .' late 'n life, his struggle Is to get form. He plays his ball vigorously enough. There is still strength in his broad shoulders, there are still stout sinews in his wrists. When he keeps his eye on the ball, plays it with deliberation and remembers to "tot* low through." he gets good distance, from IS te 150 or more yards with driver and bra— And he> display? a patient determination to master thee* details of play that Is the striking thing of his golf. One day, after flubbing several brassey shots and <iecidedi:ig that he must have taken Us eve off the ball, he directed his caddie to say, err time he poised his club for the stroke: "Keep your eye on the ball." HN caddie is a keen critic, and they discussed each stroko an your true golfer love» to do. One* of the best sidelights on Mr. Rockefeller as % golfer came one day when his ball was slipped by a bunker on the approach. The bunker was well away from the green, perhaps sixty yards. It wu a hanging He. in the grass of the hazard. As -• balanced a niblick a party of friends, who had been driving through the ground*, approached i him. They were laughing and chatting. He flubbed, his shot badly. Again. with careful deliberation, bsj attacked that ball, and again he dug up dirt and grass without furthering hi* object. There was aa embarrassed red showing on hi* face, but ho poised his club even more slowly, even more carefully for a third attempt. And there was no trace- of his an noyance In a clean, strong- and vigorous sweep that picked the ball accurately from it* place and landed it within a club's length of the hole. Th* last shot was as pretty as one could wish to see. Mr. Rocke feller watched the ball's flight to its end. and then of the whole performance he said, mildly i "That was too bad. " The game moves rapidly over the Forest HJU links, for the host rides a bicycle after the ball. •"I believe I get more exercise to that way." he explains. "I enjoy golf and I like- to ride a wheel. I find I can combine the two very nicely, la mounting: the wheel and dismounting alone I worw; muscles which would probably jot be exerted in my morning* golf." The bicycle brings him quickly through the lons' I shots to the short game. It Is there that he really ! excels. He must have an accurate eye. He driv»s with little or no tee. And his approach Is almosa always good golf. It i* with th« putter that he '.a dangerous. He use* one- with an aluminum h*a<f of the flatlron pattern. It is rare Indeed when h« exceeds the regulation two puts to tha green. And ha runs th» ball down from long distances *» regularly that he really threatens th* hole, from. I any point on the putting green. The best of golfers must play carefully to beat him in a, putting coo* test. His enthusiasm ever good, fair play la spon taneous and delightful. hen his own gam* goes poorly he Is quiet, but patient and persistent ia the effort to recover his form. But when his gam* goes well his delight grows with every hole. h* talks over his shot* and plays eagerly. He will shout and wave his stick at a successful shot, "How was that?" he cries across th* links. "Dial you see it?" He will cheer Just as quickly the good play of a partner, an opponent or a player in another match. It la no broken, decrepit man who. can spring into the air wit.i a shout and wave his stick furiously in the air over good golf. There must be strong spirits, still youthful, behind such a demonstration. I have seen Mr. Rockefeller on his links when he might have been mistaken for the- most enthusi astic rooter at a. ball game. The odd character 'any described boldly si is; gested on such an occasion: "You don't act like a dyspeptic." Mr. Rockefeller laughed heartily. "I have never understood how the story started. "• he said. "It began at Atlantic City. I remember, and many years ago. From that day to this I have) been learning most novel things about myself la the role oi a dyspeptic. It has never seemed worth, a denial, and it has been rather amusing, on in* whole." It 13 evident to any one who. watches Mr. Rocke feller at play that <sucn wholesale exertion a* -"■-» takes, and the frank, free fun he has out of it. must have the support el good, hearty meals be hind It. As he waits his turn at play and after th* gam* ends, he talks readily and engagingly. The topics range from flashes of reminiscence from hie bust ness life that are atart'.lnglv illuminating to s> book, a picture, some place of Interest, or the men and affairs of the hour in business, politics or tr.e Church. If the visitor touches on the mass of, comment printed about his host. Mr. Rockefeller! talk* readily on that. At such, times ho Is frank! but courteously impersonal in hi* discussion of what must be a disagreeable theme. At such time*! he seems anything but the embittered, man, .ytn#T eagerly in wait tor ears into which to pour Ma side of the story, that he ha* been described. Un less you show a special interest in this phase of thai conversation and pursue it with question*. Mr. I Rockefeller will soon turn from the personal topia| to aim a Joke at Dr. Biggar or to tell you how much better is his Pocaniico golf course them tbl*i one at Forest HilL Then it is his turn to play. He makes a careful approach shot to the green. ! "How many .strokes. Willie?" he salts, turning ta his caddie. ' i "Six. sir." "Willie. Willie." he expostulates, with mack re proach, "you should count more carefully whaa; there are visitors present." On this particular morning his medal moorn Ist fifty-seven.— W. S. Couch, in Cleveland Plai^. Dealer. ! filed In the office of the employe* and must b* surrendered by him on the termination of, th»? employment. It Is these children of from four teen to sixteen, by necessity forced into the ranks of labor without having fulfilled these conditions — without the amount of school Ml 14 which they are entitled — to whose relief •*% come." "But Willie Brown Isn't twelve yet," said Willie Brown's advocate, in a dismayed tone. . "Then he certainly mustn't be working" said Mr. Hal!, "and though he can't receive one off our scholarships now we will see that his case> Is attended to. One of the relief societies) will do it. And whenever you. or a truant officer, or anybody, comes across any child who appears to belong to the class for which our fund la established we will be very glad to have th» child's name and address. We guarantee that until we announce otherwise no child's family will be allowed to suffer because the child is kept In school instead of being allowed to mort gage its future by illegal work." Having begun to investigate. Willie Brown's advocate concluded to investigate a little fur ther. She went to the offices of the Charity Or ganization Society, on another floor of the building, and talked with C. C. Carstens. the society's assistant secretary ••Wlllie Brown is a truant, there is no doubt about that." said Mr. Carstens. "He is break ing the Compulsory Education law. and likewise the Child Labor law. Our society has alwavj held Itself obligated to obey the laws of the state and city. And we have always maintained thai no home of a widowed mother, or of a father who is a proper guardian, should b* broken up on account of poverty. Children need love and affection as much as they need] bread — perhaps w<» all do. . "For all worthy eases such as Willie Brown*— where the family would suffer without the earn ings of th» child— we have a fund, and we will gladly supply Mr* Brown and her little one* with what is needed, which ia probably a good deal more than Willie earns. " Then .Willie Brown's friend went home and telephoned the truant officer the glad news that Willie Brown could be rescued, and that there was no need whatever of breaking ths> family up into little pieces and putting th« pieces into institutions; and In a week from that time Willie Brown was gong to school and playing marbles odd hours. llks other boys, and, the Brown family were eating meat one© a day. Instead of living on dry bread and tea. 3