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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, October 01, 1906, Image 6

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JLCADZarr OF MVSlC— Miipah.
WLUIAMEH A — Vaudeville.
JLBTOR — — A UMnaaimrr msJWS I>r*ain.
KQLASCO — Th« GlrJ cf the Golden TV*«t.
J»IJOC— The Gcnl'or. ff£B
tROADWAT-8-Tb« Prince of Tn6*..
CASTNO— L*ar'» Maid.
COI/3XIAir-2— S— V«uderil! c.
CRITEXUOX— Little Cherub.
K>AX.T*B— B:ls— M*ry.
tDEN' KUBBE— TIie World in "Wax.
EatPHlD— B:ls— Hla liouse In Order.
OAKRIC7C— B:3(V->rhe Price of Money.
HACKXn^-«:l6— The WalU cf Jericho.
JJARLEM— *:IF — Xl>. Modtßte.
BIPPODBOMK— 3— A 6oclety Circus.
BUDSON — — H>-pocrtte«.
I.IBE3ITT— NurBe Marjorle.
fcTCECM — 6:lf> — The Uon arid the Mouse.
iIAJEFTIC— S— The Tourl*ta.
1 a- BATTAX— 4:Ii — dotaes.
JSEW AMSTt'RD/UI- P:l3— Paole mn& rraace^ca.
IOW YOP.K— «IS— Wirs« of the Cabba«e Patch.
€AVOT— Chorua 1-ady.
WALUACK'S- I :29— Pcpularlty.
WEBET.'S- . — John Hud«on'« TVlfe.
TTEET ENT>— 2— S— A i«llll<inalre'B Reffllte.
tmdtst to Advertisements.
Par- 0* I pare.Col-
J wnmili 12 « Financial Meettn**... 10 1
Aj>*rteent lfc*4te...ll SftoulA-a Beame* to fl
Sinkers * Bro^r*. H»ln V\ n«-'»i .' .i
BSHlard ana Pool Tnnrurtion . tl «-g
Tables 9 2'tew Pchool*-.----^;"" s
Board man H00m«... » 3' •*«>* >' ;ftn 'i *f" E8 " tl «
ißnadn P«penv lor ;*-&£ r^ a;hs . U g-5
Buslneaa' '.'.'. • 2 Ocean ft«tmen » 5-«
Carrtt Cleaning ft zX'°,?° a^* n 7-R
CitVpr^>*rtv toUW.II * R«»I B»itV Wantr<l . .11 «
KVldend Kotic*. .11l 1 2 B^ci*! N.t'.cpf . «
Jjarn-stle Eltuatlons . JL'' a "4. 1 rn r s i-> k
•■„_ r-e;-- <.ire-:- Trthun- BitStllßtlaß
»Aar.:::::;::::!i *J [infi »'". Apart- m
rcralehed Apart^ rnfura!«b«s Apart
manta to Tyt 11 6 r-'r -' n "':,. T>«t 11 «J
rurnieh<N<! Rsoom t? ' •?•«* V «r.t««4 P *-i
I^t » II
ZVi^^mrklUmlti SMbtcnr.
TEE NEWS this MOMnrmo.
• FOKfeIGX. — A progSßflßaM for the disarming
of tjlte Cuban rebels was arranged, raid General
I'FjAston said that the work would proceed mucu
enore rapidly than was <r-?:pr>cte-d. ===== The Paris
Temps" declared that the = The Paris
Tempp" < s 'f'.:tT- • Cubans hr-d proved
their unworthinesa for liberty. and would receive
mo pity if they lost it. - — The final etep to set
isn motion the machinery tar '.lie distribution of
Iland to the peasantry was taken in St. Peters
burg. == Sentences w«re imposed on several
'hundred of the mutineers at Cronstadt, nineteen
being ordered shot nnd a member of the Doumo
va* ordered deported. - " Premier Sarrien and
Minister CKtnenceau, in speeches In Paris at
tacked the policy of the Vatican regarding 1 the
teparation law, and declared the law would be
enforced. == Sixteen balloons started from
Paris in the flrft competition for the Gordon
Bennett Cup.
DOMESTlC— TVashington officials believed
that the crisis in Cuba was <.ver, but Ihe mob
ilization of troops continued. = — -- — Secretary
Hoot reached "Washington and xvlll resume his
duties at the State Department to-day. ==
John Barrett. Minister to Colombia, arrived in
Waablnston irtth Secretary Root; he said that
prospects of a settlement between Panama and
Colombia were bright. =-=^ The report of the
OiHiiHiiarioTMir of Pensions, made public in
Washington, showed that there was a falling
*>tf of 512.470 In the pension roll In the last fiscal
year. = Dispatches from Southern cities re
ported the death of at least ISO persona in the
recent storm. - ... ' It was announced at Albany
that there was a nrplofl of 111.000.000 in the
Bt&.te treasury. ■ i The steamer City of Con
cord, lt was learned at Cleveland. Bank on Sat
urday night in the storm in Lake Erie and
thre< of her crew of twelve were drowned. ==
Mrs. William Aster left Xewport, EL 1., for New
CITY. — It was ■M by harbor men and engl
jifers that the new Cur.arders Mauretanla and
IvjFitania might n>->t be able to enter this port
because of the shallow channel. — — - A few of
th*> most hidebound machina Democrats were
the only one* in W-strhest^r who would not de
clare theamelvea openly aeainst Hrarst; many
of th" most prominent In the party declared fi>r
Hughes. = = The Hearst men announced that
they would run a Judl siery ticket In Kinfys
egairr-t McCarren'fl nominees. == Charles E.
Hughes spent a quiet day planning his speech
at the notification ceremonies. ~ — =It was esti
mated by a local politician that the political ex
penses of V,". R. Hearst for last year and the
|^. J resent nsmpalgn would reach $1,000,000. ■ ;
■a The running down of a child in E««ex street
H>) caused a riot in which thousands took part:
WSr F-veral were injured and a streetcar was
■■* wrecked. =rr^rr Tb» firet electric train to enter
the Grand Central Railroad Station made a suf -
6es*ful trip from Hlghbridge. -r. .: Mme. Bjrtha
XCalich, the actress, was operated upon for ap
pendicitis, and will be unable to play for a
THE WEATHER.— lndications for to-day:
Flair and colder. The temperature yesterday:
Highest. 71 degrees; lon-eat. 69.
Mr. Hearst In his speech at Madison Square
Garden on Friday night settled a question raised
by the apparent conflict between the two plat
forms on which he was nominated. Would he
rtand as an Independence Leaffua advocats of
£OTcrament ownership and state socialism or ns
a Bonrlce Cockran champion of Imperilled Indi
vidualism T The editor candidate tactfully cleared
both horns of his dilemma. He eald, and Bald
truthfully, that he had made his own platform
before be was nominated by either the Inde
pendence League or the Democratic party, and
would stand on his expressed opinions and hia
record, Aa a matter of fact, no other choice was
open to Mr. Hearet He has been his own
Warwick In politics — at least has hired his
cwn Warwick. He Is the Independence League
and he now dominates the Democratic party.
What the Carnegie Hail or the Buffalo platform
cays is a mere Bide issue. The voters understand
perfectly that Mr. Hearst's personal views and
jrablic activities are the only criteria worth con
sidering In Judging his candidacy.
These criteria are accessible to all. Mr. Hearst
has not bid bis opinions under a bushel or drawn
a veU over his alms and purposes, Flls nows
papers have faithfully represented his Ideals In
politics, and there is no possibility of any voter's
misinterpreting them, it is the boast of his
eulogists that he ls the ablest and most success
ful disseminator In this country of political and
«odal unrest He has labored for years to array
class against class and to undermine and over
throw the existing economic order. He ban
preached. in season and out of season, the In
eQualides and Injustices of that order and 6ought
to supplant It with a new socialistic or ecml
sociallßtlc dispensation. He professes nowadays
on the etnmp a certain caution and moderation.
Yet the reservations he makes do not In any
*vay Impair the scope and vitality of hie rad
icalism. Hearstlsm. as th« people of this city
nnd state have come to understand It, Is the mov
ing fore* behind his canvass.
Tha significance of the 6itnatlon baa been ad
mirably grasped and expressed by Mr. Hughes,
who In bis message of thanks to the Saratoga
convention succinctly stated the real issue of the
campaign. "The Republican party," he said,
"has been called to defend tbe honor of the
"ctate and to represent the common sense of the
"pwple and the cause of decent government."
'Alongside tills vital issue the ordinary differ
enoee of politics seem trivial and perfunctory.
Other clashes of opinion are forgotten—
should be forgotten^ — wben it comes to a choice
between radical extremism and enlightened con
►ervaticni, between eteady progress along efitab
ttatalfl An^lo-Saxon lines and rash experlmenta
tion with socialistic formulas. Order and dls
•rtsr, common ntzst and doctrinarian are
the f->r(N»sf ->r(N»s orrayed against each other Jn the con
test between Hughes and Hearst.
DEEDS, xot words.
In much the 6ame spirit in which last win
ter he threatened to put Charles F. Murphy in
striped clothes, Mr. Hearst and hl3 organs aro
promising a campaign of prosecution against all
i monopolists. The agitation is thought to be
useful as a rote maker. The righting of public
: wrongs Is not its purpose, any more than that
was the purpose of the campaign against
Murphy or Sullivan or Bourke Cockran, all of
whom are now dear friends of the former
preacher against their iniquity. Mr. Hearst's
main purpose is self-exploitation by appeals to
In sharp contrast with this method of dealing
vdth evils is the course taken by President
Roosevelt and Mr. Hughes. With the minimum
of agitation they have achieved the maximum of
beiienVial results. They have worked to better
conditions, not to advance themselves. They
have exposed abuses in order to remedy them,
; not to stir up hate. The world is better tor their
wort, while It is worse for Mr. Hearst's. A
Washington dispatch, which we publish in an
other column this morning, reviews the anti
trust prosecutions carried on by the national ad
ministration since President Roosevelt's famous
ration in his message of December, 1904,
for procedure "step by step, without hait and
without hurry," to cure the ovils incident to the
conduct of great corporations engaged in inter
state commerce.
That programme has been faithfully followed.
The lack of hurry has, of course, been denounced
by the Impatient . and tho demagogic. A light
ning express of prosecution would not be fast
enough to suit Mr. Hearst or to keep pace with
his reckless proml'es and denunciations. His
words can go beyond any sane deeds. On the
other hand, the lack of halting fiiids its critics.
Despite both the radical and the conservative,
the President has carried on his work of en
forcing the law. As onr correspondent shows In
detail, fines amounting in round numbers to
$200,000 have been collected for violations of tho
a/iti-trust laws. Tn addition, many cases of great
Importance are pending. The government, after
Jong litigation, has forced trust officials to tes
tify in proceedings ngainst their corporations,
and It has also — In the Northern Securities case,
for — established legal doctrines favor
able to popular ritrhts. The new law permitting
Imprisonment for offences is now being invoked
to punish managers of lawbreaklng trusts.
Mr. Hughes has baen engaged on some of this
work for the administration. He and others so
employed have dealt with the problem in the
same thorough but sane and constructive spirit
which he displayed In the gas and insurance
investigations. While Mr. Hearst was tearing
down Mr. Hughes was building up. The Repub
lican policy toward business contemplates not
destruction but improvement, the substitution
of something good in every case to leave less
room for evil. It appeals to the sensp of human
brotherhood, not to the sense of human hate.
Tho Republican party has made no attack on
business legitimate In Its organization or opera
tion. It has not destroyed property. It has
rather directed Its employment by methods bene
ficial to the country. It has made almost revo
lutionary reforms without disturbing prosperity
or arousing class hatred. Mr. Hearst would dls-
I turb prosperity and arouse class hatred without
really accomplishing the reforms. There lies
the distinction between the progressive states
| man and the demapojrlc agitator.
Secretary Taft truly complains of the lack
of patriotism which he finds In Cuba. Petty
[jealousies and personal ambitions, often of a
brazen or a sordid nature, take the place of
that noble passion. This, there is little reason
to doubt. Is the chief secret of the disaster
which has befallen the Cuban republic. It Is
not, however, muse for wonder. The deplora
ble conditions which prevail in Cuba are not
unique. They have notoriously prevailed else
where, in lands where there was less excuse for
them than Jn Cuba. Recall, for example, the
frank confession made In behalf of Colombia
eight years ago by Dr. ,Tos6 Marroquin, In his
address on assuming the Vl^e-Presidency of
that re public:
Hatred, envy and ambition are elements of dis
cord. In the political arena th« >>attl<» rages
fiercely, not bo much with the idea of pecuring
the triumph of principles as with that of hum
bling and elevating- porpons and parties. . . .
The notion of Mother Country is mistaken or
obliterated. It is 80 intimately associated with
that of political disorders and with the afflictions
and distrust which they engender that it is
not unusual to hear from one of our country
men what could not be heard from a native of
nny other country: "I wish I had been born
pomewhere else." Could many be found among
US who would feel proud when exclaiming, "I
em a Colombian," in the same way that a
Frenchman does when exclaiming "I am a
Dr. Marroquin's words described only too
truly the state of affairs existing not only In
Colombia, but also In other South and Central
American states. It exists in Cuba also, In ft
pernicious degree. Perhaps It Is not bo greatly
to be wondered at there, but is to be regarded
as almost natural If not inevitable, seeing that
for centuries the Cubans -wero In a sense peoplo
without a country, under the mlsgovernment
and oppression of Spain. There was little
chance for the development of patriotism In
such circumstances, unless the people had been
gifted with oiher dispositions and temperaments
than those which nature gave them — such, for
example, as those of the Dutch and the Bwlss.
But what is certain now is that the most im
portant—and, we fear, not least difficult— les
son for the Cuban people to learn Is that of
patriotism, the patriotism which places the
nation above a party and far above the Indi
vidual interest or ambition. Until that lesson
Is learned, talk of "Cuba Übre" will be a
Since Niagara was successfully "harnessed"
for the benefit of industry a dozen years ago,
aud the possibility of the transmission of power
In tho form of electricity to a distance was fully
r^'. t-alni, an almost countless number of under
takings of fhe eaiue general nature have been
proposed elsewhere, and many of them hsvo
been carried into execution. The latest sugges
tion, made recently m France, has in view th«
pupplying of Paris with about 100,000 horse
power. If the scheme should be adopted, tho
necessary works would be erected at Monthoux.
00 the Upper RhOns, and a transmission line
274 miles long would be constructed between
that point and the French metropolis.
The Prefect of the Seine, tho official who ex
ercises the functions of Mayor of Paris, quickly
saw the Importance of the plan, and eubmitted
it to expert engineers for examination. The
technical features of the project received hearty
commendation, but the advisers of the Prefect
were unable to give it unqualified approval.
They heartily favored providing Paris with elec
tric! ly on such a large scale as to make it
cheap, but they preferred getting the current
from another source. Thpy declared that the
first cost of a steam plant In the Immediate
vicinity of Paris would be only 19 000 000
whereas the hydraulic works and cables' for
the transmission of the power would Involve
an outlay of $12,000,000. It was pointed out
furthermore, that Monthoux is co near the fron
tier that In time of war a station there would
be in danger of serious interference.
Final action by the authorities has not been
taken, but a third possibility is outlined by
an anonymous correspondent of "The Lon&ou
Times," who is an engineer. If the power sta
tion were situated la the coal fields of Any.i^
in Northeastern France, fuel would be cheaper
than nt the capital. A nnnsmlaslon line would
be required, of course, but tills need not ex
ceed 100 miles In length, and there would be
practlrally no limit to the development of power
If much more Uian the original output were de
manded. Only a small Increase would be pos
sible at Monthoux, because the plan submitted
to the authorities of Paris contemplated utiliz
ing nearly the full capacity of the Rhone at the
very outset.
So formidable aro this objection and the one
which is based on military considerations that
the prospect of the adoption of the project for
drawing on the Rhone does not appear to be
particularly promising. The final choice appar
ently lies between the scheme recommended i>y
the experts employed by the Prefect of the
Seine and that suggested in "The London
Times." In passing judgment upon these It
will be necessary to consider how the saving
on the cost of fuel by establishing the works
near the mines would compare with the impr
est on the Investment for a transmission line
and the expense of maintenance.
The country has occasion for feHkis: p?culinr
pride in the battleship Connecticut, which is
now co nearly completed that die was placed In
commission on Saturday. The building of this
vessel was begun at th<-» Brooklyn Navy Yard
a month after the k'>el of her Bister ship, the
Louisiana, was laid at Newport News. Yet Con
structor Baxter declares thai work on the for
mer vessel is to day further advanced than It Is
on the latter. Had there not been delay In re
ceiving materials which had been ordered for the
magnificent sea fighter which Captain Swift now
commands, she would have bean ready for ser
vice several months aj;o. The fact that the Con
necticut Is the only ship of her class which the
government itself ever built renders significant
the fine progress made with her. The cruiser
Cincinnati and other comparatively small vessels
have been constructed under similar auspices,
but In size and gun power the Connecticut rep
resents the latest Ideas which have been carried
into execution for the benefit of the American
navy. It is iK>t improbable that the builders of
the Louisiana would have been more deliberate
th.in they wore bad it not been for the stimulus
of lively competition. Yet even as it. is there
has been a convincing demonstration that the
government is quite equal to the most colossal
task of this kind which it will ever need to have
Informed, raid can finish it quite as soon as, if
not *ooiif>r than, any private shipbuilding firm.
It is probable that when a final comparison is
made between the two vessels the cost of the
Connecticut will appear to have been a little
larger than that of the Louisiana. Perhaps the
difference would have been Imperceptible If the
Brooklyn yard had been engaged continuously in
work of the same magnitude, but the object les
son that has been afforded by an exhibition of
its capacity Is worth many times any possible
excess in expenditure. Generally speaking, i!;e
United States will doubtless find it good policy
to secure most of Its war vessels, guns and
armor from private contractors, but it may save
millions of dollars In a f^w years through its
ability to assume an independent attitude toward
It Is reported that the exceptionally large
wages offered to common laborers In Shu Fran
cisco—ss a day— have led to a highly Irregular
thinning of the ranks of the marines on duty
at the Mare Island Navy Yard. The tempta
tion abruptly and unceremoniously to abandon
the government service which is just now pre
sented at the Golden Gate is peculiarly power
ful, and probably without precedent. In the
ordinary course of events It is not likely to be
equalled anywhere else. Nevertheless, it re
vives a question which must have arisen many
times In the minds of naval officers, Whether or
not It !s wise to make honorable retirement from
the naval service extremely difficult.
A good deal can be said In favor of a liberal
policy Jn such matters. To avoid military duty
when war is pending implies cowardice and
treachery, both of which de-serve the imposition
of the severest penalties. A desire to leave the
service in time of peace is an entirely different
thing. Tt is practically never Inspired by phys
ical fear, and can hardly be regarded as dis
loyal. The most common explanation Is the
discovery, that the offender has got into an
occupation for which he is not fitted. Such
unsultabllity Is not necessarily discreditable.
Men in other walks of life chaugg their pur
suits without incurring reproach. Is a marine
or sailor to be blamed for wanting to do so,
It is by no means improbable that the service
would be distinctly benefited by such a modifi
cation of the present military regulations as
would open the way for an honorable discharge
from the navy and marine corps as soon as a
man had been found to have made a serious mis
take in enlisting. The privilege should not be
granted too ea-sily. Tho conditions on which It
might be granted need to bo studied carefully.
Perhaps It would be profitable to have a special
commission designated by the Secretary of the
Nnvy to consider the subject and report to
him. He would then be in an advantageous
position to seek such legislation ns ho thought
desirable. Even without preliminary action by
Mr. Bonaparte, the naval committees of Con
gress ml<;ht investigate the matter. We should
not be surprised if an Inquiry of this sort led
to the conclusion that the amendment here sug
gested would encourage enlistment and draw
Into the service a specially" desirable class of
A declining tendency developed In the security
market last week without any ©specially de
pressing- Influonce; in fact, the easier ratea for
call loans and the larpe receipts of gold mlpht
have been expected to give support, as the finan
cial situation has dominated the mtock market
for some time. The market has been caller! upon
to absorb considerable Block that returned from
Europe, yot this cam© out 1n small lots and ap
peared insignificant in comparison with the large
aggregate of business, it is not possible to
estimate the influence of the nomination for
Governor at Buffalo, because of the small extent
to -which the general publio !s Involved In the
prenent market. Had there been large out.«ida
holdings it Is certain that much liquidation
would have occurred, but it is doubtful whether
the strong interests now in control would sac
rifice any part of their holdings on that account.
Reading has continued to occupy the position of
greatest prominence, but declined considerably
from the recent hl?:h record position. Efforts to
dlßlodge the short account in that stock were
only partially successful, although tho price rose
above 150 before the closa on Saturday, and
much covering of outstanding obligations Indi
cated that 6om« operators had enough.
Lower rates for call loans with no correspond
ing cheapening of time money Indicate with
unusual fidelity the dlfferenco between the
speculative situation and the condition of legiti
mate businp.su. Absence of public interest in the
stock market accounts for the comparative
weakness of call money, but the great activity
of all branches of buslnass maintains high rates
on loans that cover an extended period. Fur
ther engagements of gold were made abroad,
bringing Qw total up to about $40,000,000 on
this movement, but foreign banks have com
menced to advance discount* and slaoe other
obstacles In the way, co that It Is not expected
much more of this temporary aid can be se
cured. Yet the drain to the Interior has not
ended, and local banks would have been com
pelled to resort to another forced reduction of
Wall Street loans if the Secretary of the Treas
ury hitd n nto t increased <1«dos1u in the national
banks to the extent of $26,000,000. Continued
heavy Imports of merchandise nave maintained
customs receipts at a high position, and the
available bfc'ance Jn the Treasury Is steadily In
creasing, while gross stocks of gold have at
tained the remarkable sum of $855,000,000.
"With monotonous unanimity trade reports
from all over the country continue to testify
to the greatest prosperity ever known. Almost
every statement shown gains over the corre
sponding period lust year, whether It Is In the
volume of Clearing House exchanges, railway
earnings or reports from individual industries.
Even the persistently high money market and
its retarding Influence on payments are regarded
with an equanimity that can only signify un
bounded confidence in the future. Manufact
urers receive orders for goods to be shipped far
into next year, and capacity of mills and fac
tories is extended In order to meet tho greater
requirements that are confidently anticipated.
Complaints regarding the scarcity of labor ex
tend to a greater variety of occupations, and
prices of commodities show the strength that
might naturally lie expected when wage earners
are fully employed. An official announcement
promises that the coffee valorization scheme will
become effective immediately, sufficient funds
having b^en raised to take 2.000.000 bag 3 out
of the market until the end of 1907. It has
evidently be<?n found necessary to make some
change in the original plan; instead of a Ger
man syndicate the underwriters are some of
the leading coffee houses in New York, Havre
and Hamburg.
After a further small decline, which carried
the average of middling uplands to $7 50 a
bale below tha position at the corresponding
date last year, the cotton market steadied and
the undertone of strength seemed to have a good
basis in the heavier exports and Improved con
ditions among domestic spinners. Uncertainty
regarding tho extent of damage by the storm
caused a further advance late In the week. Un
doubtedly the South Is in a better position than
ever before to delay marketing the cotton orop,
but, if the yield should prove to be as large aa
13,000.000 bales, currant quotations are quite as
Mfth a<= should be expected. A similar disposition
to delay marketing the wheat crop Is the chief
influence of strength at the present time, but
it also has the undesirable effect of ourtaillng
exports, as receipts at the seaboard are fre
quently found inadequate to meet the demands
of foreign shippers. It ls» to be hoped that
nothing will tie done to reduce exports of either
srain or cotton at th^s time, when our debts
abroad are abnormally heavy and every com
mercial bill In the foreign exchange market im
proves the position of the United States in Its
relation with creditors abroad.
Distinct Improvement has occurred In the cot
ton poods industry, orders coming forward much
more freoly in the primary markets, and com
plaints regarding the tardiness of deliveries are
taking the place of efforts to secure lower
prices. This is a condition that has been fore
ehadowed by the low position to which stocks
have been allowed to contract; and, as many
of the mills have been compelled to reduce out
put by the inadequate supply of labor, it will
b« some tlmo before stocks of goods will reach
nonr.al proportions. The woollen industry Is
now tho only one of great prominence that fails
to respond to th«* genera! prosperity. Yet quo
tations for ra->v wool are well maintained, results
at the London auction 6ale being all that could
be desired. Footwear factories are almost ready
to begin work on spring shoes, for which they
have received large contracts, but during the
next two weeks attention will be directed to
closing out tho unfinished fall and winter busi
ness, and the great strength of materials maln
tnins prices at the top point. It is Impossible to
secure conc<?s?ions from tanners In any of the
staple lines of leather, and tho domestic hide
marke: has thf> support of a vigorous demand
from Europe. Further advances have occurred
in quotations of Iron and steel.
American ability to solve difficult problems
will be put to the test in providing a channel
into thia port deep enough to float the giant
Cunarders Lusltanla a:.d Mauretania, Just
launched abroad for the transatlantic service
to this city. But If the past ia a guide to
tho future, there can be no doubt that Western
energy will achieve a triumph in this Instance,
as it has with other great and difficult engineer
ing problems.
Murphy and Hearst — which of them in h?3
heart most loathes the other?
Mr. Hushes is about to enter on one of the
bup'.^st months of his life. We hope, however,
that It may prove to be one of the most pleasur
able. The Republican candidate for Governor
has always been a glutton for work, and It Is
quite likely that he will feel "disgracefully well"
on Election Day, as Mr. Roosevelt did ei^ht
years ago at the end of a speaking campaign
which would have worn out most men.
The fatal railroad disaster on Saturday proves
once moro that when the block system, auto
matic signals and enlightened regulations have
all been applied, the chief reliance must still be
on tho man behind the throttle
The better part of Hearst's foHowers last
year had faith in the sincerity of his opposition
to government by bosses, and their belief that
he really meant what he said about Murphy
made their support to that extent respectable.
It is no -wonder that such men are deserting him
in ehoals, now that his abysmal treachery is a
matter of record.
Tho beginning of the football season under the
new playing rules leaves most of the players In
doubt of their value. At the best there is no
reason to hope thai they will reduce the game
to Its proper dimensions In the eyes of the col
lege world, and thai is a pity.
"The Columbia State," one of the leading Dem
ocratic papers of the South, says: "Mr. Hughes
"unlike Mr Hearst, is a man with a record of
"actual achievement.- They seem to know words
from deeds down there, in spite of false labels
The Hon. Joslah Qnlncy seems also to have
made an. Albany conference finisl
After all the brave talk about the indepen
dence League candidates standing immovable.
the puppets whom Hearst put op l 0 fool his fol
lowers are now drawing out and leaving the
Murphy-Conners-SulUvan organisation to swal
low the leaguers and impose all its candidates
upon them.
Dr. A. R. Crook, for the last twelve years pro
fessor of mineralogy and economic geology si
wortnweatem University, hna been appointed cura
torv° f i»t th Kr,H n ISi ol . aa i Sl:lte Museum of Natural Hls
fn«Ar f "\ ln r "' l:! During the last Bummer Pro
trrv \ y \'\' k hr ' 3 vlM:l "'l museums of mftural hls
lory in this countrj and abroad, with a v\em to
Btallatlon. ' metno ' 13 of administration and in-
There ls a living Englishman whose father w.-»s
bora In 1746. Charles Noel Weboan. born In ISH,
writes to "The I*on«Jon Telegraph" to that effect
about himself. The rather of Lord Leicester was
born In 178 and Lord Leicester in 1522.
James 11. Hlgglns, known as "the boy Mayor of
Pawtuoket," has announced his candidacy for Gov
ernor of Rhode Island. He ls not thirty yeaYs old
and has been twice elected Mayor. ,
William Charles Steadman. the Jsulld»r. wHo rep
resents trade union Interests In the British Par
liament, recently asked the trade unions to raise
his salary $!0 a week, but they refused.
Wiuslow Warren, of Dedharn. Mas*., the well
known lawyer, who waa Collector of tha Port of
Boston under Cleveland, •- Ufeloaji I>«moonu, haa
bolted Moran. Not only that. h« has bolted tt«
DomocraUa party, became, a* be •*J r S_ r utlS
oeas»d to be DemooraUa He will TOte for QuU4
for Oovemor. . mi^Jr*..*
Mr*. William J. Bryan learned years ago to as
■lst her husband la his work and had a typewriting
machine with her and copied all his articles on
their trip abroad. On the train it was a com
mon alght to sm h«r ting-era pounding away at th*
Dr. Charles Russell has retired from the editor
ship of "The Olaseow Herald*' ar.d Dr. William
Wallace has succeeded him. Dr. Russell was edu
cated for medicine, but turned to journallsia-
The freedom of the burgh of Hawlck. Scotland.
was recently conferred on Dr. J. A. H. Murray,
the lexicographer. Dr. Murray was onoe a teacher
In Hawick. It is toM that when Kossuth, the Hun
garian patriot, visited Hawlck In 183 C and took
part In a procession throush the town, he quickly
discerned a Hungarian flag on a house In Bourtree
Place, with a Hungarian motto upon it. The futu»e
lexicographer was seated beside Kossuth. who re
marked to him, with amazement: "Have you got
Hungarians here?" "A young teacher namea James
Murray," he replied, "made the flag and inscribed
the motto. ' and. when asked if he knew the mean
ing of tha motto, saiJ. Thy Kingdom Ccrne." It
was the homo of the Murray family on which the
flag was hoisted. - v -
"The Irish Nation" explains t v e origin of the
phrase "fighting like Kilkenny cat?." who were said
to have "fought until there was nothing left but
their tails." Says "The Nation":
The story has been so long current that It ha»
become a proverb — "as Quarrelsome as the Kil
kenny cats," two of the cats in which city are
asserted to have fought so l< ng an.l so ferociously
that naught was found of them bit their tails.
The facts are these: During the rebellion whiVn
occurred in Ireland In 17;»v Kilkenny was garri
soned by a regiment of Hessian soldiers, whose
ousiom it was to tie together, lv one of their bar
rack rooms, two cats by thPlr respective tails, and
then throw them face to fa.-c across a line gener
ally used for drying clothes. The cats naturally
became Infuriated, and scratched each other In the
abdomen until death ensued to one or both of
There Is occaaionally an amusing glimpse of en
flghtened China In the Chinese newspapers. This,
for Instance: "The great bureaucracy that has so
long battened on the Ignorance of China's millions
encourage such fallings by proclamations like that
of the Viceroy of Canton, who. a few weeks ago,
bade the people protect the moop (during an
eclipse) from being swallowed up by th» dragon."
The Btaterxnan now
Doth cry. "Gee haw!"
And raise a row
O'er corn and straw,
•And gravely say:
"It's very plain
Some time to-dsy
It's going to rain."
He loafeth 'round
The corner store.
His words profound
Are heard once more.
With gentle glee
He vows aaew,
" 'Tts good to be
Back here with you."
Beneath this guise
Of rustic glee
They who are wise
Can plainly see
How oft he thinks.
With dire chagrin.
Of gaseous drink*
And terrapin.
—Washington Star.
"Even out in India they Jeer at the simplified
spelling. "The L.ucknow Indian Daily Telegraph"
suggests Jestingly that It Is a new weapon for peace:
"If Mr. Roosevelt wants to place th* universe on
the broad grin ho will model his official papers on
the literary style of the early humorists. There <an
be no fighting where there is Homeric laughter,
and a bellicose dispatch couched in. tha diction of
'A Bad Boy's Diary* should turn away wrath mere
effectively than the soft answer."
That Boy. — They wr.-e hurrying to catch a street
♦'You'll have to walk faster, dear." «<aid his
"I can't, mamma:" breathlessly exclaimed littla
Willie. "It makes my legs co dizzy!"— Chicago
"The London Chronicle" tries to trace the origin
of the word "typhoon." "Tal-fung." it is explained
In some dictionaries, la Chinese for "a great wind."
and since the typhoon is a phenomenon of th?
Chinese seas It seems conclusive. But there is no
doubt, apparently, that "typhoon." which Hakluyt
spelled "touffon" and Dampier "tuffoon," comes
to us through Portuguese for the Arabic, Persian.
and Indian "tufan." and It Is almost impossible
not to see In this a relation of the ancient Greek
"typhos" or "typh"n." a whirlwind. Bat these aro
practically Identical with the Greek word forsmoko
or vapor, from which come ' our "typhus" and
"typhoid." So perhaps the Chinese part of it is
only an extraordinary linguistic cctnclderce, after
Grandmother— Why, nurse, whatever are you
thinking of. to bring to young an infant into the
open air on so cold and windy a day us this?
Nurse ßut you surely do not thiuk that co sm:\'l
a child underKtnr.rla differences In temperature?—
II Mondo Umoristico.
From The Syracuse Herald.
With Charles E. Hughes heading the Republican
ticket, the Independent voters of tho state need not
take the trouble to read the Republican piatform.
His name, his record and his attested character are
platform enough. They are an assurance*— and bo
stronger could be offered — t'nat If he Is elected New
York will have a Governor whose mental atiil
moral equipments will answer every requirement of
his station, who will be the sworn fo^ and merci
less scourger of every grafter and eorruptlunlet
and who will achieve a record ranking with the
best in tha history of the state.
From The Buffalo Express.
Xo one who knows Tammany can believe Hearst
won its support without paying its price. A part of
the price evidently was the cessation cf Hearst's
denunciations of Murphy. Hearst began to pay
that several weeks ago, when he realized that he
must have Murphy's support to win. But a more
Important feature of the bargain was freely dis
cussed in the corridors of the Iro«iuois for twenty
four hours before tli« convention. >t Is the thir
teen judges who are to be elected iri New York thia
fall. Hearst is to pay for his nomination by giv
ing Tammany these judges, and. incidentally. As
semblymen. Senators. Representatives in Congress
and other local offices, the loss of which was
tlireatened by the Independence League move
Some cf the sincere men who went into the Inde
pendence League have already awakened to a real
ization of what Hearst is and have declared that
they will not be delivered. There will be more.
The men who barters Judgeships with Tammany
for a nomination as Governor makes a mockery of
the word "reform."
From The Rochester Herald.
Riot, as Cockran declared. Is the keynote of the
Hearst programme. Riot reigned at the Buffalo
convention, striving to stifle free speech bjr the
shouts and shrieks of the Hearst htreltnga m th<»
galleries. Rlol triumphed in the proceedings of the
convention, unseating delegates upon «rho*a title to
admission thero rested not the shadow > f a doubt.
Riot, in the lawlessness of the debauchery of the
franchise at primaries and conventions by the
salaried emp'oyes of Hearst, ruled in the choW of
the Hearst delegates who were placed on the pre
liminary roll.
To vote aga!ri*t T!oar*t and his tic-ket Is to vote
agamst the establishment of rior as tta ruling forrc
in the goventmeni of N-w York. To vote thus Is
to vote to l>!< -■■: \ and strensthon tho foundations.
of ■• clsl order in this *i ■; ■ and the nation. And.
C 9 Cockran did pot s.iy. to vote against lto;i>'t is
also to vote against rottenness— private ;«ml rubllc
There la no issue in this campaign between not
and rottenn ■ they ay on tlio same 6Me— the side
of the mob and the mercenary.
From Tl'.e Rochester Post-Express,
The man who admires both Hesursi nnd Errnn
rejoices for the moment In the nomination «f the
former; but when be \, >nd*n owr the -,)oss!h!!i:ie»
of one heros election «s Governor, hia m-ivl grows
tten^a pEelde^t' Pr ° 3P * Ct ° f t Other hero ' s elttC '
Mr. H«ni made an attempt to secure tha Demo
£Tml. nt>! i il ? aslon t nr tn Presidency in I9W. but
iJSI md 11 •..■- be r ikra for "anted that if he
'f ' r±l /'' Governor this year he will s^pk ih<» l'ros-
Idency In 13C8. Thai Is hl»uUln?au> ambition?
From The Syracuse Post -Standard.
rJ^u-V. 1 " r . 11l| S n f s ? fan any conscientious Ms
thim' n \. voter s?»*»rate for an Instant bchretn
■ln^JifiVw any "Con^tenUousi Democi • who Hkca
ta?rii. ;», h ? nMt >' aIK » ■•K-«°vernmer»t fall to imi
late Jerome ■ example?
From Th© Utlca Observer.
m^oVfi* 8 ' he chull se In party leadership Is la
mentable. And that la a mild word. U la used be
cai.se Ro . ord ,. t ? strong «nouKh, Tais is a day of
PMTmlaa n politics. Murphy. Sullivan and Connera
n«r£ no moro of tho principles of the Democratic
party .'£ an lhoy dld the di *l' they w-r» bornl Be
cause they cara nothlnjr for them. They could not.,
to save their lives, point out the vast difference be
tween the moderate platform of the Buffalo con
vention and shlK5 hI K, of v, Independence L*sasue-on
which Hearst will mor» distinctly run. Th.j li a
day ot poUUoal pygmle*- But the Cay wIU not U*w
Gold for America — Combhaiiom
Under Free Trade.
London. 3 Member tX
The •world's goid famine apparently tacr^aaaa
with the supply. The Bank rate haa been txlmuQ,
In consequence of gold exports to America, mnA
money may become dearer still If the, requl)*.
ments of that market are not speedily met. y*
there have nevf r been «o many sources of »ap_
ply. nor have the ahlpments of gold to London
ever been either co large or so regular. T>.t>ty
years ago Australia. America and Russia con
trlbuted about 5.000.C00 ounces, or the bulk er
the world's gold supply. ; The Transvaal gsal
fields now have a monthly output of tmr 603,
000 ounces, or C.000,000 ounces annually, iz the
August average can be successfully malntaJnsfl.
That district alone can surpass the prodnettsal
of Australia, California and Russia as It waa t*>
fore the discoveries of the Wltwaterarand de
posits, and if the labor question can be, acrml
there can be a large Increase of tha esjtsajt;
Simultaneously with this expansion of the
Transvaal industry there has been an enlarge
ment of the American and Australian auppUes.
and new gold fields have been opened tn British
Columbia and the Colar district, la Southasa
India. The Imports of gold Ingots In Enjlaaa
axe now exceeding all previous records, yet
bullion disappears as rapidly as It cornea. The
stock of gold In the Issue department of the
Bank of England 13 no larger than It was thirty
years ago. although the worM'a production Is at
the maximum point, and there is constant need
of protecting tha gold reserves there and In the
Joint stock banks by raising the rata of Interest
and making money dearer and more valuahla la
the kingdom.
Ons of the causes of the rapid absorption and
distribution of goM is the enormous increase In
the demand for industrial ccyaaumptlon. The
Quantity required for the mechanical art* In
America, Germany. France and Great Britain
has more than doubled since the discoveries In
the Transvaal. Alaska and British Columbia.
Neither this Increased demand nor the enlarje
ment of the stocks of icnld In France. Germany
and olher nations where there has been e^pan
elon of currency fully accounts for the disappear
ance of gold from England. A partial explanation
may be found In the fact that the balances of
trade year after year are against England anfi in
favor of the United States, and are settled by
exports of gold. American securities, national,
railway and industrial, are largely held at home,
and these unsettled balances cannot be paid by
remittances of bonds. America ls largely a
creditor country, with an export trade far la ad
vance of Its imports; and even when full allow
ance ls made for freights In the carry!r.g trada
and for the millions expended in Europe by
transatlantic tourists, there Is so wide a margin
that the conclusion Is a natural one that gold Is
needed for effecting settlements. Not only has
gold been exported recently to New York direct
ly from London, but there have also been ship
ments from Australia, the Argentine and South,
Africa, and by many other readjustments In
debtedness to America has been cancelled. With
the conditions of foreign trade as they are, and
with Americans In debt to themselves rather
than to foreigners, there must ba a continuous
movement of gold toward New York and San
Francisco. In these circumstances the question
of strengthening the gold reserves o£ the Banli
of England is beset with difficulty.
The steel tuba combination ls a forcible re
minder that concentrations of capital are not
dependent upon tariffs, but may be brought
about under Free Trade. There are about sixty
firms in thia trad-j in England. "Wales and Scot
land, and their annual product ls estimated at
800.000 tons, aggregating $30,000,000 In value.
These firms have been competing with one an
other more or less destructively both In slji
home and export trades, and tha leaders si the
Industry have known that tt would be a measur*
of self-preservation if they were to com* to an
understanding ainon? themselves by wh!ch their
business Interests could be harmonised and
prices regulated. Conferences have been la
progress for two years, but It has not baen.
easy to arrange a combination scale of prices,
elnce a few of the largest firms were enp-ayod
almost exclusively in the exp--' trade, and eoold
not compete effectively with American and Ger
man rivals If thero v.er? a standard rata based
on the open market. Ruinous competition ha 3
had Its effect, and a combination has been virt
ually arranged, with scheduled prlce3 for the
home and foreign markets, a reduction of dis
counts to a. uniform basis and an agreement
that there shall not he any cutting cf rates. An
exception is mado of boiler tubes. In which frea
competition is still ellowed. Th:3 becomes in
telligible when it ia known that the only big
firm whirh has not Joined the combination
makes a specialty of manufacturing boiler tubes,
and has a large business. Thi? flraa will now
be exposed to fierce rivalry whenever proposals
are Invited for work. Otherwise* business will
be conducted at horn-* and abroad for the com
non good, and there will be a larger mtrg!n for
This steel tube combination illustrates two or
three controversial points. One is the Impracti
cability of preventing by a system ot free ta
ports systematized regulation of prices, produc
tion and distribution. These English and Scot
tish manufacturers are deliberately ordering an
advance of prices for the export traie and cov
enanting iiMaj themselves to stand by th*
schedule until It shall be officially altored. Thia
Is what is dena in Germany in nea-ly every
branch of tha export trade, and in this way com
petition outside the horn* .market la Intelligently
and effectively directed. Another point which is
brought out la the fact that there are two prices
in England, as weal as in, America ar.d Germany
—the home market price and the export price,
and that one is higher than the other. It is not
In protection countries alon© that homa consW"
ers have to. pay the standard price and reduo
tions are ordered for foreign trade. Tiia same
thing Is done in Free Trado England. Tha ex
port price is not the market price. If it were,
there ou'.d bo m competition in SBM9 branches
ot forelsn trade, Brltlak manufactures are sold
at lower prices abroad than at home. German
and American merchants are not the only men
in trade who dump surplus products abroad.
British manufacturers, HIM their fore!;ni rivals.
have osm schedule* for bosM trade and another
one for export business; and their prices will ba
cheapened all around if they can k->p their
works In constant operation, even t£ a portion
of their product be sold be!o*v th© market rates.
Free trade, moreover, h not an unfailing
aafosniarJ. as has often been claimed by ' a **
(Jlsta. ngainst international combinations. Thesa
English tube makers, who have been so suspi
cious of or. another and so deliberate In reach
ii..r ■ working arrangement for the conduct of
"their business, may fall out among themselves
before they force tho obstinate Glasgow boiler
tube-makers to surrender to them. They ara
more llkelj^to stand together and to ralsa prfe
ogaln. They are also in ■ position not orAr toT
systematic d-feneo si their export trade. t> u
also for opening negotiations with their foreign
competitors for the regulation of the steel tco«
trade of the world. With the assent of tae O«**
man. French. Belgian and American tube ro ***
ers combination price* can ba scheduled aoa
competition controlled, and Cobdenism win oa
staml la the way of a most forml.labla concen
tra-Uon et capital for mutual b*a<«it. i
i, SL *>

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