THE KORTB COMMISSION
estimation of German Objections
to Tariff Regulation*.
[From Th» Tribon* Bareaa.3
■hln&Tton, Nov. 4.— A mission of great Im
portance as affecting the future commercial re
lations of the United States and Germany, the
latter being the «econd largest customer of
American products In the world, has been un
dertaken by S. N. D. North. Director of the
Census, and James L. Gerry, chief of the custom
division of the Treasury Department, who will
sail from New York on Tuesday under special
instructions from Secretary Root to confer with
representatives of the German government, with
the hope cf raving the way to an agreement
whereby (ha United States may continue to en-
Joy the privilege of Germany's conventional
tariff after July 1 next. They will be Joined at
Berlin by X. I. Stone, of the Department of Com
merce and Labor, who Is the third member of
the commission and who Is now in Germany on
sending of the commlssior. Is entirely \-ol
■ on the part of this government. Its mie-
I really one of comity and grooi win, but
BSt there has been some friction be-
Oanaaaw and the United States over tariff
oa, ar.d that a trade war between the two
es. with their Immense Interrelated
trade, was recently Imminent and la likely actu
' ■ the two countries next summer,
«-- • a nee to the trip of the trade
• -. and perhaps no more important commer
- s?ion was ever sent cut by this gov
Last year the German government was on the
point of applying her maximum tariff duties on
American goods, the effect of which would have
been to precipitate a trade war of vast conse
quence, affecting the entire industrial world.
The United States exported to Germany In the
fiscal year ended June 30. 1006. good* valued at
£234,742.102. Germany, in turn, sold to the
United States $133,742,995 worth of goods. Ger
many buys from the United States annually al
most twice as much as any ether country except
Great Britain, to which nation we supply good*
worth over five hundred million dollars a year.
That an amicable business relationship between
the German Empire and the United States la
desirable is evident from these figures.
DUTIES OF THE COMMISSION.
The instructions to the United State* commis
sion provide that It shall discuss with a like
commission of the Kaiser's government tariff
problems affecting the two countries and con
sider such changes in the United States customs
regulations as the Germans desire. The German
government has appointed a commission to con
fer with Mr. North and his associates.
No authority is given the American commis
sion to negotiate a treaty. It is the intention
apparently to reach an adjustment without at
tempting to conclude a new commercial conven
tion, the ratiScation of which. If it Involved Im
portant schedule changes, would almost certainly
fail in Congress. The way to a settlement of
the difficulties. It is believed, can be reached
Through administrative concessions involving
matters of customs administration without ap
peal to Congress, where the high tariff an have
the balance of power and where the suggestion
of a reciprocity convention and modi£~atlcn of
existing schedules is not received with favor. It
ha.s been ascertained, moreover, that Germany's
principal grievances do not apply bo much to
schedules as to certain of the customs rules.
Some of these are Treasury regulations and oth
ers are statutory requirements, to change which
would require action by Congress, but would
not uffect existing schedules. Upon representa
tions made by this government that an effort
would be made to eliminate the objectionable
regulations. Germany postponed until July 1 the
time when her general tariff law should become
operative againEt the Uniied States, and In turn
'.he Presiceiit extended to Germany the limited
reciprocity provisions cf Section 3 of the Dingley
law, which refers to ai* specifically named
articles. The new German rates which. In the
absfr.ee of a. special reciprocity treaty would
apply to imports from the United States would
affect particularly meat products and bread
stuffs, the articles which constitute the bulk
of American ea.ies to that country. The in
creased duties on these products, it is calculated,
.would greatly affect their sale In America's sec
• nd be.st market for canned beef, bacon, hams,
pork, lard and oleomargarine, and corn, oats,
B heat, wheat flour, etc. The exports to Ger
•r.any for th« la?t year in lard alone amounted
to j?19,^22,0_'U and in corn to J?12.1<j3.597. While
the heavy exports of cotton, copper, etc.. are no:
discriminated against in the maximum schedules.
It is realized that a commercial war would nec
essarily affect all commodities which Germany
is now buying in such large quantities from this
B THOROUGH UNDERSTANDING.
Realization of these conditions caused the ad
ministration to give due consideration to the
question of the commercial relations of Germany
and the United States in all its aspects, and the
Finding of the North commission is evidence of
the determination cf the officials to reach a clear
ard thorough understanding of the subject. The
general character of Germany's complaints has
formed the subject of frequent conferences be
tween the representatives of the German gov
ernment In Washington and the State Depart
ment officials, but a satisfactory adjustment has
beer, difficult because of the extremely compli
cated questions involved and because of the un-
Fyrnpathetir: attitude of Congress toward reci
procity treaties. Neither retary Root nor
Baron yon Sterr.burg, the German Ambassador
lr. Washington, is a tariff expert, and they have
been forced to consider facts at second hand and
to d»al.with conditions with which neither Is
The careful Investigation to be made by Mr.
North's commission will, it is expected, clear
away all misunderstanding* and enable this
government to get a broad view of the whole sit
uation. Germany, at the same time, will get a
rearer understanding of the American position
as the result of a free and full discussion of
the subject by the German representatives with
the American comrr.iselor.ers, and their report
-vill have its inf.uence. Not all of the factions
In German politics are favorable to exacting
trade reprisals tram the United States. The
German business mea. for Instance, whose Inter
ests have been built up on the basis of present
reiatlor.s. view with concern the disposition of
the imperial authorities to enter upon a cam
paign of tariff retaliation against the United
States, and would prefer closer, rather than
more Stetant. relations between the two coun
tries. Industrial Germany wants the cheap
foods of the United States. Agrarian Germany,
on the ether bant, whose political representa
tives are in the saddle. Is Inclined to encourage
discriminations against the United States and
wants the largest measure of protection against
The American commissioner* will make their
report to Secretary Root, and Inasmuch as the
report will probably recommend certain statu
tory changes in the customs regulation* the data
will undoubtedly be submitted to Congreaa for
.-ration It Is expected that the commis
sion will complete Its Investigation* in time to
permit the submission of Its report to Congress
by January 1 The recommendation* of the re
port trill form the basis for proposed legislative
enactment amending the laws in relation to the
collection of the revenues. a bill providing for
modifying the administrative feature*, but not
the tariff schedules of these laws, la certain re
spect*, reported by the Committee on Ways and
how Coffee treats him.
You cat father eorr.e g&ot«.
•"There* a Reason" tor
Means, was passed by the House, at the last ses
sion, and at the close of the cession was under
consideration by the Senate Committee on
Finance. This bill Is designed to make changes
In the customs regulations for the Improvement
of the service, and some of Its provisions are
what the Germans want, but the question is
whether it goes far enough. The bill will be one
of the principal documents which the members
of the American tariff commission will take with
them to Germany. Its terms will be discussed.
and If an adjustment cannot be reached on this
basis still further modification of the rules may
be recommended, and with the backing of a re
port from the commission the bill would proba
bly stand a fair chance of enactment.
CONCESSIONS GERMANS WANT.
There are apparently three principal conces
sions in relation to the American customs laws
which the Germans axe disposed to insist upon
before consenting to grant the United States the
privileges of her conventional tariff.
In the first place, German exporters to this
country want the ad valorem duty calculated on
the export value of the goods. Instead of on the
home, marker value. Secondly, the present
method of penalizing undervaluations is strongly
objected to by them. The contention of the uer
man exporters is that there is legitimate room
for differences of opinion as to the value of
goods, and that when, in the estimation of the
American authorities, the undervaluation, does
not exceed 10 per cent no account should be
taken of it. , ,
Thirdly. the German exporters desire open
hearings before the United States Board of Ap
praisers. Their view is that the sessions of this
board should be open to the public, and that a
witness should not be allowed to make a secret
appearance before the board.
To these propositions there has been opposi
tion on the part of customs officials and legisla
tive officers as well. Secretary Shaw, when the
question was under discussion before a com
mittee of Congress last winter, declared that
open hearings" could serve no purpose, and, in
fact would be detrimental to the interest of the
parties concerned, as It would result in the giv
ing away of trade secrets. Under the present
method, on the other hand, the government was
often enabled to clear up the case by the free
testimony of witnesses who felt that they were
not giving away secrets to their competitors.
While the United States is disposed to do all
In Its power to meet half way the German gov
ernment in the effort to avoid a tariff war, it Is
also true that the German people would regard
with grave displeasure a policy on the part of
their government which barred American food
products from the German market, and so oper
ated materially to augment the prices of this
class of commodities. And a further fact which
Germany will doubtless bear in mind is that
practically the entire commerce between that
country and the United States is now carried in
German bottoms, BO that a tariff war would crip
ple several German lines and would thus work
serious Injury to German citizens.
FREXCH 1907 BUDGET.
j Deficit of 175,000,000 Francs To Be
Met by Taxation and Bonds.
Paris. Nov. A. — Acco: cling to a letter from M.
| Caillaux, the Minister of Finance, to the chair
i man of the Budget Committee, the budget for
1907 show*. In round figures, a revenue of 3.657.
000.000 francs and expenditures amounting to
B.iS. "00.000 francs, making a deficit of 175.
i 000,000 francs.
In order to provldo for this deficit there has>
been added tc the revenue 36.000.Q00 francs
through increased taxati in on absinthe,
matches and medicinal specialties and the raid
ing oi the postal rates on newspapers and sam
ples, and 77,000. 0C0 francs through the reduction
of various charges and tr.e estimated increase
In receipts from other sources. There remains
62.900 000. which will be raised, if unit wan IT. by
short :erm treasury I
NEW POLICY .RADICAL.
Clemenccau'B Programme Thought
Most Advanced Presented in France.
Paris, Nov. 4 —Interest in the reassembling of
the Chamber of Deputies to-morrow centres In
the reading of the rr: ; .::ls-^rial declaration of
policy. Premier demanceau's statement is long
It was ea.id to-day by a good authority to be a
great literary effort. The programme for inter
nal reforms to be set forth therein Is considered
to be the most advanced^ ever presented In
France, and the approval of these reforms la
believed to be virtually assured beforehand.
In the matter of foreign policies the Cabinet is
expected to follow the same course as has
hitherto been pursued. The Premier's statement
will end with the demand for a vota of confi
dence from parliament, co that the Cabinet may
effectively carry out Its projects.
ESPIONAGE CASES IN FRANCE.
Arrests Exploited by Some Papers as Show
ing Warlike Plans by Germany.
Paris. Nov. 4.— Two recent cases of espionage
have attracted attention here. A woman of
Toulon, suspected of being a spy in the ■
of a foreign power. \.
the testimony of a ealior, who --wore she had
tried to bribe him to steal the plans of certain
fortifications and submarine yes
The other case ia taton Maitrugue,
an ar.. - lerviat, who vraa arrestod at
Meaux for a trifling offence When he was
searched thi • . :mns for the French
army v drawings of :h^ rr.<- han
Maitrugue su» that . tterested in
armar-:- ts | - are
;ijra.inst him. I ;g.
rests - n The
German frontier taki ad are
exploit ■ ■ - ■ proof
of the i Germany.
SOCIALISTS ON ANTI-MILITARISM.
Limo«r»»s. Prance, Nov. 4.— After a long discussion
of tntl-milli to-.iay the socialist congress
rejected a motion by Gustavo Herve favoring In
surrection by conscripts in can© of war, and
adopted a resolution by M. Vaillant calling on the
socialists of all nations to labor for the prevention
of warfare by effort!" to secure the suppression of
permanent armies 'trough *-glslation.
The public prosecutor ins be^un suit against
"La Volz dv Peopled and n number of prominent
ant!-m!l!tar!stH on tl c charge of insulting th<» army
of Frmi upon th« occasion of the oration
of recruits therein.
PANAMA CELE3RATES INDEPENDENCE
Bull Baiting. Fireworks and Other Amuse
ments Mark Day in Colon.
Colon. Nov. 4 —The third anniversary of the
foundation of the Republic of Panama continues
to be celebrated bare to-day. Then were bull
baiting and other amusements In th« afternoon
and firework* this evening. Bptendld weather
Yesterday a thaakactvtag service was held In
the morning, there was a reception by the con
sular offl'-ers a: persona to
Ine:.!, and a solemn
the' Municipal Council was held In the afternoon.
CAUGHT SMALLPOX, BUT ONLY 1 WHALE.
San Francisco. Nov. 4.— The whaling sc!ioon*»r
Monterey. Captain Foley, arrived yesterday from
the north and la the first of the fl>»-t to put In an
■ DDearance. Early In the cruise smallpox, in f,>\
d&mic form, broke out among .-..- crew. Sixteen
men. Including Captain roley. contracted the dis
ease and Borne of the cases resulted fatally. Tn-i
vessel's catch was only one whale.
— — •
MANY ATTRACTIONS AT NICE.
London Nov. The magnificent BWeev of water
front po»esse<s by Nica render, It one of the must
sunny end fascinating resort* on the French hi
XI. easy and luxurious route from London
or Paris to Nice makes It a favorite visiting pUce
tor every one (pending the winter season In the
South, while its fine hotel*, overlooking the Medi
terranean and flooded by sunshine, are constantly
crowded. Conspicuous among the favorite hotels
may i* mentioned the Hotel do France, facing the
Jardln Publlque and wea. This hotel haa been pur
ciia»«<l by Mr. Weber, of the well known iiotei da
la. Paix at Geneva, bnd Is under his direct manage
ment. Its automobile garage, as well as Us other
rsodtrn conveniences, insures Ita betaj th« ;,mC
OMjrtsn v. * ****« ••-—•---«—■ ciUoUla. .
NEW-YOKE DAILY TRTi>r-rE. MO^TIAT. 3DVE]MBEE 5. 1906.
FATAL BROOKLYN FIRE.
OXE KILLED; SIX IXJIRED.
Go Down with Walls of Laundry
One fireman was killed and half a dozen were
Injured In fighting a fire which destroyed the
large building occupied by the Pilgrim Steam
Laundry, In Sd street, Brooklyn, early yesterday
morning. The killed and Injured are:
M'COSKER. Jam«» W., of No. 110 North Ith »tr«9t. of
Engine Company 103. ..,..**-
BLACK. John, of No. 690 «th street, of Company 10S;
contusions; went home.
DONOVAN. James. lieutenant of Company 103; contu
■iona. went home.
FINI.ET. James F.. of No. 68 Walcott street, of Com
pany 108; left leg broken; Cumberland Street Hos
FITZPATRICK. John, of N». 172 Hull street, of Com
pany 103; right arm fracture! and internal in
juries; Lone Island College Hospital.
KELLY, John, of No 91 Amity utrwet, of Company 103;
contusions of left leg and back, went home.
WARD. Ow»n. of No. 337 Columbia street, of Company
103; laft leg: broken and internal Injuries; Long
Island College Hospital.
The fire broke out in the engine room of the
laundry building, which Is situated at No. 86 3d
street. It completely gutted the structure and
damaged .the walla, so that they began to fall. It
spread from this building to a three story frame
structure at No. 94 3d street, and to the ovens of
the New Tork Vitrified Tile "Works in the rear.
The entire damage Is estimated at $75,500.
Soon after the fire started it was seen that a
large force of fighters would be needed, and four
alarms were turned in. bringing Fire Chief
Croker, Deputy Fire Commissioner Wise and
Deputy Police Commissioner O'Keeffe.
Six members of Engine Company 103, whose
house is at No. 533 Hicks street, under Lieuten-
ant Donovan, were ordered to the roof of a one
story extension of the laundri- building. Mem
bers of Company 104 were also Bent to this
roof, but before they could reach it the cry was
raised that the wall was falling. The men on
the roof had no chance to escape, and the debris
carried them down Into the cellar of the blazing
Company 104 immediately started to the res
cue. Lieutenant Frederick Owen, with Fire
men Frederick Schoenhut. Thomas Delacey and
John Foiey, climbed down Into the hole and
began digging away at the debris. The only
man deeply buried was McCosker, who was
brought out dead. He had been on the force
four years, and had a fine record. He leaves a
wife and four children, the youngest being only
a week old.
HURT WHILE AIDING PRIESTS.
Janitor Falls in Coal Hole Trying to Stop
Noise Annoying Congregation.
During the services at St. Michael's Church.
at 42d street and Fourth avenue, Ba-^ Ridge, last
night. George Neil!, forty-two years old, of No.
406 30th street, Brooklyn, the engineer of the
building, fell through a coal hole In the parson
age yard thirty feet to the boiler room, sustain
ing a fractured skull, a broken arm and numer
ous internal Injuries. He had been sent out by
Father Smith, who was assisting Father Mc-
Guirl. to see if he could remedy a leak In the
sieam pipes which was annoying the congrega
"When he had been gone some time and the
trouble with the steam pipes still continued.
Father Smith went out to investigate and
found him unconscious at the bottom of the
coal hole. The priest administered the last rites
to him as he lay there on the floor. At the hoj
pitaS It was said that Nelll was In a serious con
THE TOBACCO TRUST ACCUSED.
Moran Says He Is Informed of Evidence
Tending to Show Legislative Corruption.
Boston. Nov. 4.— District Attorney John B. Moran
sent a letter to District Attorney William T.
Jerome, of New York, to-day in which he stated
that he was informed by ex-State Senator A. D.
Hughes, of Michigan, that there was in the pos
session of "Collier's Weekl^" evidence In the form
of original documents, letters, telegrams and secret
codes which tended to chow that an organized
method of legislative corruption was practised by
the so-called Tobacco Trust throughout the coun
KAISER RECEIVES DELEGATES.
Two from Each Country to Wireless Con
ference Take Luncheon with Him.
4. — Two delegates from each country
represented at the Internationa! wireless telegraph
pin with Emperor William
John I. Waterburv, of New York, and Rear
-..I Manney a'tenjeo.
MEXICO AND THE S ALTON SEA.
Experts Sent to Study Conditions — Question
an International One.
City of Mexico, Nov. 4. — A committee of Mexi
can engineers and experts has been dispatched
by the government to the scene of the late
floods, caused by the diversion of the Colorado
River, to study tie problem which for some
time has had attention from the United Stasis
and Mexican governments. The Salton Sea
question has become an international one. and
• la said In jovernment circles that the discus
sion through ordinary diplomatic channels r»
gardlnj onsibility for the dangers en
suing will be dropped for the time being, in
order that any immediate action which the
situation demands may be taken.
NO SPY TAKEN AT MANILA.
The Arrest of Japanese Denied — Maps of
Islands Have Been Made.
Minila. Nov. 4 —The story that a Japanese
army officer had been placed under arrest here
for sketching the fortifications of Manila Harbor
• nlad to-day by Major General Wood. No
such arrest has been made, and no Japanese
have tak^ii sketches of the fortifications.
It is well known that since the American oc
cupation Japanese have been engaged in making
mapa of the Philippines. Theie is no existing
prohibit them, although such laws were
U "der the Spanish regime. General
Wo( returned to Manila from a hunt
FATALLY BURNED: PLEADS FOR CHILD
Mother Sends Policeman Into Blazing Home
to Rescue Boy.
■bars, Nov. 4.— Mrs. Frances Santego was
burned to death; Harold, a son, four years old. Is
In a critical condition and four other children had a
narrow escape from suffocation at a tire to-night
in the Santego home. Mrs. Santego was pouring
ill in the fire, when the can exploded. She ran
screaming to the street, where a detective extin
«niished the flames with his overcoat.
Although fatally burned. Mrs. Bantego Pleaded
-with the officer to save her son Harold. The A—
tectlve ran into the house and found the child hud
rMedin a corner, nearly dead from suffocation.
The four other children escaped without aid. Mrs.
simego and the child were hurried to a hospital,
where she died In a few moments.
GORED TO DEATH BY ENRAGED BULL.
Gain polls Ohio. Nov. 4— Charles D. Bailey, ■«»
«nty-eli?ht years old, who lived two miles abova
GaUipoUs. was attacked by an enraced bull while
crossing a field to-day and gored to death. Mr.
Bailey was one of the moat prominent farmer* la
this region He was a former member of tha State
Board of A*rlculture. and aerved tor many jrsaxs
1 pX Q&11U. Coaaty.
Points of Greatest Interest in To
[By Tha Associated Pr«n.]
Washington. Nov. 4.— With Election Day near, th»
political sltuaUon has crystallized to an extent that
permits a survey of the field, limited, however, to
the points where the battle has waged the fiercest
between the two dominant parties for control of
the 60th Congress and for state supremacy. The
managers of both the Republican and Democratic
campaigns agree that the Democrats are to maTe
gains over their present representation In Congress.
Both are also agreed as to the states where the
gains are to come from, and both are directing the
energies of the closing hours of the campaign.
In New York, where the state campaign has
eclipsed all els*, the vote for Congressmen will be
disturbed by local candidates to such an extent
that the returns on Tuesday night will furnish
perhaps the most interesting reading for those at
the headquarters of both Congressional committees.
A landslide for either candidate for Governor would
carry with It unexpected results as to the Con
gressional ticket. It is conceded, or. a normal
basis, that the Democrats will make gains In that
Pennsylvania furnishes another interesting situa
tion, with the governorship fight between Lewis
ornery, Jr.. Democrat and Lincoln party candidate,
and ex-Mayor Stuart of Philadelphia. Republican
nominee. Many Republican and Democratic speak
ers have been sent into the western part of the
state, and the campaigning has been lively.
Representative Dalzell. of Plttsburg. la having
opposition, which some time ago assumed serious
proportions In the candidacy of Dr. R. J. Black.
ex-Mayor of McKeesport R. A. Aiken. ax-District
Attorney of Lawrence County, Is making a vigor
ous campaign against Representative Acheson.
whose majority in iso* was 13.000.
In the South the interesting points are in Texas,
Mississippi and Tennessee. In Texas a campaign
against the re-election to the United States Senate
of Joseph W. Bailey is making things lively. M. M.
Crane U regarded as the leader of the anti-Bailey
forces. In Mississippi. Representative Williams,
the Democratic floor leader of the House, Is making
a race for the Senate against Governor Vardaman.
Tennessee furnishes Interest because of the gov
ernorship fight between H. Clay Evans, Republican,
and Representative M. R. Patterson. Democrat.
The Republicans in this state have hopes of elect
ing more than the two members of Congress they
The districts where Samuel Gompers. president
of the American Federation of Labor, has made
a fight are also points of interest. The labor lead
er paid his compliments last to Representative
Mudd. of Maryland, and Democrats predict the
defeat of Mr. Mudd. In Ohio. Representative James
Kennedy, representing- the old McKinley district,
has received a call from Mr. Gompera. who sup
ported John C. Weity. the Democratic nominee.
me .Democrats, now holding only one district in
Ohio, are making vigorous contests in half a dozen
Mr. Gompers has also been heard from in the
fight in Chicago, where the Republicans now have
all ten of the Congress districts. Both sides agree
that this solid delegation will be broken into, and
that Representative Rainey, now the only Demo
crat from Illinois in the House, will have com
In Missouri the Democrats have great hopes of
regaining the five districts lost to them in the
tidal wave of two years ago. Much has been done
In this state to arouse tho party vote by Bryan
In Idaho the Republicans have raised the Issue
of ' law and order" in support of the state' prose
cutions of officers of the miners' federation for
complicity In the murder of ex-Governor Stuenen
berg. while Senator Dubois who is leading the
Democratic fight, declares Mormonlsm the issue.
In Ltah the Mormon Church Is said to be sup
porting the Republican nominee for Congress. W.
D. Haywood, one of the miners' federation officials
now a prisoner in Idaho. is the Socialist party can
didate for Governor.
The Democrats are confidently looking for gains
in Indiana and lowa.
In Massachusetts the governorship fight eclipses
all else. Curtis Guild. Jr.. Republican, is opposed
by John B. Moran, nominated by the Democrats.
Prohibitionists and Independence Leaguers
Summed up, the states in which both Bides seem
agreed that Democratic gains may be made are
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania. Ohio, Indi
ana, Illinois. Missouri, lowa and Maryland.
ARIZONA AND STATEHOOD.
Situation in Much Doubt — Puzzle with
[By Telegraph to The Trtbuno. ]
Tucson, Ariz., Nov. 4.— The campaign of the state
builders for Arizona closes with all the rai'.rca^a
and mining and cattie corporations, with more
than 60 per cent of voters in their employ, against
Joint statehood, likewise both the Republican and
Democratic organizations, and. excepting the ma
jority of the postmasters and a few others, the
federal officials, including Judges, with all their
subordinates, aggressively aga:n3t Joint statehood.
Yet all confidently believe that the ' i >t lesg
than 35 per cent and a possible majority for the
President's policy. The placing ■ f the statehood
ballot on the territory md present Aus
tralian ballot will be confusing to many
and lead to flagrant violations of the law -
ingly with intent to mislead, as the vote ;
consistently counted for or against, as the
tlon Board desires.
DESCRIBES A DEMAGOGUE
One Who Suits His Talk to His Audience,
Says Dr. Cadman.
The Rev. Dr. S. Parkes Cadman. pastor of the
Central Congregational Church. Hancock street,
Brooklyn, spoke to his congregation last evening
on "What's a Demagogue?" and said, in part.
The word "demagogue" is a standing proof of
the ability of self-seeking men. by sinister uws, to
degrade the meaning of a term. In the ancient
sense no popular leader, such as Demosthenes or
Cicero could have been named, without injury, a
demagogue. In Its late usage the unprincipled
politician or voter is the person we have in mini
when the unsavory reference is made
History alone shows how inflammatory are the
effects of such a popular curse as the demagogue.
He suits his talk to his audience, and carries with
htm by adroit manipulation, not only the simple
but the learned. Popular dissatisfaction can be a
purifying stream, cleansing the current? of public
opinion and of public life. It can also be a torrenr.
sweeping all before it. Let us be wary of those
who bawl reform on the housetops while they plan
for its defeat under cover.
To-night-Camp Hughee, M -
i E. Hushes, Thomas B
E. Hughes. Thomas Rock, Charles W. A-
James U Wells. Frank MeCabs and Harry M.
Harlem Terrace, No. SO Bast MM
■k. w. a : ■
Urn S ' ... v H. Wadhams and A '•
No. s Forjytb street; < 'i;aries E. Hughes, ".
Bock md others.
Columbus Hall. B*tb street and Columbus ave
nue- Charles E. Hughes. Thomas Rock, C. O.
Maas, W. Lee Parsons, J. V. V. OUott. W. S.
Bennet. Martin - lxs and William Wait, jr.: C. W.
Durlands Riding Academy, 66th street and
Broadway; Charles E. Hughes. Timothy L Wood
ruff. Joseph H. Choate, Job E. Hedges. M. Linn
Bruce and Julius M. Mayer; Hector M Hltchings
Other meetings will be held at No. TS East 107 th
street. No. 1464 Brook avenue. The Bronx: No. 104
West &M street. No. ttl East Broadway. No. -'. West
UtiLU street. No. 56 Sixth nenue, No. Zi Pitt street,
and No. -'76 L«nox avenue, .Mount Morris Repub
To-night, Villa Penza Ball. No. 19* Grand street:
speakers. W. K. Hearst. W. A. Chanter and Judge
Unioli < Hall, First avenue and tilth street; speak-
Union Hall, Flrsl avenue and tU
ers U K. Hearst and Tito PacneUl
Italian-American Citizens' Club. No. 537 West
59th street: Mr. Heam will apeak and G. Lißartto
will b* chairman.
Liberty Hall. No. 32 Withers street. Brooklyn,
where F. Davanzo will preside.
The Lenox Assembly Rooms, 2<i street, between
Avenues B and C: Max Stern will preside and W.
P. Hearst will apeak.
Jefferson Hal! No. 90 Columhta street: Max Eek
man will preside and W. R. Hearst will speak.
Lafayette Hall. Nns. S and 10 Avenue IV Dr.
William S*rovltz will preside and W. R. Hearst
There will be a meeting; under the auspices of the
Judiciary Nominators to-night at the Sixteenth
Street Baptist Church, in l«th «treet. between Sev
enth and Elgbth avenues. '—•»■- Ruasell presiding;
ex-Judge William N. Cohen. J. Aapinwall Hodge.
Colonel E. T. Lovett, the Rev. Dr. MacLaurln. th»
Rev Dr. Downs and £. Crosby Iklnflolbrgcr will be
no ---. .. aal
by Eraser & Co.
Vichy to be only
Bottled at the
sold la Syphons
Sold in Pints and Quarts only
KILL OFF IIEARSTISM.
It Is the Greatest Menace to the
Country Since Secession.
Knozville. Term.. Nov. 4 (Special).— The followtr.at
editorial In "The Journal and Tribune." c* this
place, expresses the views of Captain William
Rule, the veteran editor of the paper. in regard
to the menace of Hearst to the country if he should
We have said before, and here repeat, the elec
tion of such a man as William R. Hearst as the
Governor of such a state as New York, under the
circumstances surrounding Hearst's present candi
dacy, would bring the nation face to face with
the most momentous menace with which It has
been confronted since the secession of South
Carolina in the year IS6I. It would show. If otner
states in the Union or a majority of the other
state.-. should follow tn the footsteps of New York,
the presence of a belief that the American Re
public has been overtaken by Intolerable evils.
from which the only escape Is through national
The secession of South Carolina was followed by
that of ten other Sfstue Civil ■war was the re
suit, but the people of the two sections arrayed
against each other in that struggle were practically
unanimous, those of the South standing for seces
sion, those of the North for maintaining the union
of the states and the integrity and supremacy of
the existing national government. Thus each side,
through th* controversy, was enabled to present a
compact organization, making it possible to con
duct the war upon the established principle ot
The success of that for which Hearst stands
would logically and inevitably lead to social and
political revolution. That it would be a peaceful
revolution is not to be imagined. It might lead
to scenes compared with which the French Revolu
tion was an affair of tamenesa. It would not be
one section of the Union arrayed against another.
II would be neighbor against neighbor, employe
against employer, and would be a struggle of mob
with mobs. Arson and assassination would be
features of such a struggle as that invited by auch
men as Hearst. Bedlam would reign, and the
crimson thoroughfares of our cities would be the
battlefields. There would be no flags but red ones.
and no such thing as prisoners of war. It -would
be war to the knife and knife to the hilt.
When a mad dog is at larse- and men know it,
they Know what to do with him. Nothing can be
done with Hears except to kill It off at the
ballot box. It la evident that Hearst has a large
following In New York, with It 3 large and hetero
preneoua'population. The issues Involved there are
far above and outside o£ ordinary party lines, and
most momentous in the result. We are not pessi
mistic, we have an abiding faith m the common
sense and patriotism of the people. But the situa
tion is one that cannot be looked upon with feeling*
free fro anxiety.
DR. ADLER OX ELECT IOX.
Doubts Advisability of Electing
Although he did .ot mention either governorship
candidate by name. Dr. Felix Adler' 3 address
to members of the Society of Ethical Culture in
Carnegie Hall yesterday was devoted entirely to
the coming election.
Early m his talk Dr. Artier told Mb hearers
that he would not attempt to tell them how to
vote, as that was a matter for them personally to
determine; but later in his address h<* questioned
the advisability of electing the "radical candidate,"
on the grounds that the means that he takes to
obtain his ends are (Juastionabie. and more than
questionable, frcin an ethical standpoint.
Some of the thir.g3 Dr. Adler said were:
I want to dispose of the necessity of attributing
to the radical candidate motived of greed and
craft and demagogy. Every argun every
fact seems to show that they cannot be attribute'!
to him. He has wealth and can laugh at those
who wouM bribe him.
We admis that he uses good methods and had
methods to attain his ends. And there is where
the Immorality lies. If his o.ia uiusrapher re
ports him correctly, the .-adical candidate "seeks
to break the reign of special privilege and to re
store the democracy of Jefferson."
T ? r hat is true, en he is a more fearful portent
than a demagogue jr a grafter could be in QoUtical
life For he then, to gain r.is e:;d. walks ruthlessly
over whoever, what-ivar. may be ir. the way.
No matter what the end may be, it is vastly morn
important for the progress of th« human race
th it the methods to attain ends snould be right
eous The means of the radical candidate are reck
less. and recklessness Is bad.
His biographer says, again, that he se»ks a better
government and a worse people. Then the way
<s clear in this election. For s s od government can
rot "lo'ig" last with a worse people. This statement
means that the moral force of the nation may be
In^this Instance let Democracy act •lowly and
not In nassion— not in pantos, but In renson. d'.s
crtntoaune Let Democracy guard jealously Its
right of free speech. Whether nay characteriza
tion is right or not is for you r.. judge, if you
think that it is. then you nr- not justified In vot
tae for me who. by using both good and bad
means, strikes the groan Is from under the morals
of the people. J
Dr. AdTer thought that the trouh!e lay with the
underlying ronimercUlism of the age. OBmnser
ciallsm was heeded, ne said, with two sorts of rep
resentative?, on the one hand standing the "bait!.
blunt brigands;" on the ither were those who. in
resoectable piv^s. rare using corporations for pri-
ft is they who are corrupting the righteous pe.ipU
and the legislatures: !t !■ they who a« responsible
for the conditions. Take the barker who uses hia
.V? -H-- on th* directorate of a raih-uart for h:s
,>vn Deneflt: take the doctor who uses th^ hos
nltal board tn the same way. and the lawyer who
delate" himself with any one of a dozen or
raSzattonslfto help httnstK financially. Any man
who s'nsles nut a position of trust tor his own
WBOJHW<" "."w-f^ nl , fidelity to that trust. Is
fhrm a n a who a % ba re: p on 3 ihie for the Murphy, and
the otht"" forruntors.
1 The rnvs-'of this eler-tio-, wttl be over s-.on and
rv^i'i^.iiv w» sh.in all e« about our business.
Ft"t the : n ereVt\£k wffl rernatn. The private stand
ards of honor must p*> ri.-^-rt.
MOVE POOLROOM TOWEM,
Three Men Arrested at Work Dis
chars, I bjf Healy.
By moonllcht on Saturc'.nv night a score of men
completed the erection of the bis poolroom tower
near the Aqueduct racetrack, despite the Interven
tion of the police and a lew arrests. This b the
stme tower that was built af the Belmont track
and afterward removed to Jamaica, and rrom
there a few days ago to Aqueduct. The work was
delayed for a few hours by the arrest at John
Hayes. Garret R. Vanderveer and Belmor© Hoii
,!ay who were working on the structure. They
were discharged yesterday, and now. through their
lawyer. R- McC. Robinson, threaten to sue certain
bulldtng inspectors and policemen on a charge* of
false • reel
A!i three were arrested on a ohante of btjtWtig
without a permit ar.d laken to Far Roekaway.
The magistrate had gone for the day. and they
were released on security Jot their app?:irar>ce
y< sterday. Magistrate Healy. after hear!r>^ > '•■Ntr
story, discharged them at once, and remui / .isat
there was no reason for their arrest, aa . .*y dlil
not appear to have violated any law or ordinance.
The arrests were aaUl to have been made at th«
requital of Building Inspector Relily. of Richmond
Hill, Long ls'and. and Frank Maher. the rni-rf in
spector of the Buildings Department. Mr. Robin
son, the defendants" lawyer, declared yesterday
that be would nt aejea Institute proceedings for
$5,000 lajalnai the inspectors and the policeman
who mad* the arrests.
BANKER ARIEiiED FO^ SPEEDING.
After an exciting rucr of six roilea from Rich
mond to St. George. State Island. Motur Cycl«
olic«man lUley, at th* Mu^ieuw atadoa. axr«at*4
To-morrow will be a cold day for
But Winter suits and Winter over
coats are all ready for any man or
Stores closed at 1 o'clock Election
Rogers, Peet & Company.
Three Broadway Stores.
233 842 1280
at at at
Warren st. 13th st. 32nd it.
UNDER AUSPICES OF
THE WEST SIDE REPU3LIGAN CLUB
DUD'S RIDING tCIDENT
eata and «7th Sty. near Central Park Wml,
MONDAY, NOV. 5. 1906,
8 P. 31. Dim Op«TX 7T. M.
HON. CHARLES E. HUGHES.
LIEUT. GOV. M. LINN BRUCE.
HON. TIMOTHY L. WOODRUFF,
ATTY. GEN. JULIUS M. MAYER.
HON. JOB E. HEDGES.
HON. WALTER M. CHANDLER.
an automobile speeder who save bis name ea Joha
Waiters, banker, of No. 80 West «th street. Mask
hattan. With him In the automobile was hi*
mother, who protested at the arrest, which ahe>
declared was an outrage, aa the machine) had offcast
passed through towns at higher speed.
ATLANTA PEOXAGE CASES.
Southern States Commissioner 'Asks
Investigation of Charges.
David Robinson. Southern States ImmisratloOi
Commissioner, gave, out last night a copy of a letter
sent by him to President Roosevelt, protesting
against the peonage charges and asking: for an to
vestigation of the Atlanta cases. The latter, la
full, is aa follows:
November 3. 1S0&.
The President, "white House, Washington.
Dear 31r: Permit me to suggest thai the state
ment made by certain German laborers before ta»
United States Grand Jury at Atlanta. Ga.. charging
the R. D. Cole Manufacturing company in.i otners
with peonage, are absolutely false, and I am pre
pared to prove them so. I respectfully ask. in the
name- of the South. In justice to our work of dis
tributing immigrants In the fields and Industries of
that prolific section, and to refute the charges that
politics are at the bottom, that, you direct the spe
cial attorney of th» Department of Justice. Mr.
Russell, to seek evidence here in Ne.-ar York, where
these laborers were engaged. _ _ _
In any movement of labor to the south. Mr
President. I have .found that there are always
some who wilfully misrepresent themselves, claim
ing various nationalities to tit the case, in trsetr
eagerness to get free transportation, food en
route etc.. having no Intention of going to mwlK
Conditions are explained to each n*-rsort -ml a
statement In hi* language is present-.. to U:a sc
fore he la permitted to start. In many cases I nml
some of these have made three and four trips to
the South under aliases.
In oor.necuon wtth our work here 0t tvrm>MU§
imm'jrratior. South, we are askeii by state officials.
bureau" of immigration and Industries in tn«
South to aid in supplying labor so badly needert.
We depwnd ur.on our bureau, which Is located in
the foreign section of the city, to enlist the men
Many apply who re positively desperate for
work and without means of support, men of vari
ous nationalities. Our agents select from these.
as well as those recently landed from Ella Island,
and much depends upon the man's representation
as to what labor he can undertake.
It is only recently that it has been necessary »
refuse employment to men of Jewisn rait n._ sine*
they are unable to work in the industries snath.
although mnny accept employment under guise and
seek only free transportation to Southern ports.
In the special case of the R. D. Cole Manufactur
ing Company. I represented this company by re
quest of the Governor oi Georgia, and feel that It
is due all concerned that a complete tnvestlJjatlon.
be mads i" Saw York. lam ar the service or
your Der^rtment of Justice.
In conclusion. Mr. President. I have to say that
I b«»ar tn mind your recent encouraging remarks
upon my visit at the White House viz.. that I
wns dotrijr good work and you hoped that we would
direct irr.misration into the fields and industries or
The frtvnlm?* rhnr—es, however, of ?* f*w dts<*oii—
of n 'e~x i..«*on
ter.tf who neither care to work nor add to a com
munity and who are* listened to by officials with
out seeking both ■rid** of th* case, mrt* >-> < nre th»
entire of labor ir» th<» South. Respectfully eca
mitted. DAVIT> ROBIX3OX. Commissioner.
Southern States Immigration Commission.
HELD FOB PASSING "TAKE" CHECKS.
George Waller Charged with. Swiadliaf
Charged with having I aaaei worthless check* eat
several hotels in this city. George Waller, who
gave his trees as No. H2 Sixth avenue, was ar
ruig^.-.i yesterday In tha Jefferson Market court
and held In COwO ball for examination to-day. The.
arrest was made or. the comolalrjt of Alrrew O.
Ireland, manager of the Victoria and Marlboraeam
hotels. The' Aster. Manhattan. Heraid Square iad
other hot-»ls also say that Waller - " lied them.
When arrested th» prisoner la alleged to have
r.oci a checkbook of th» Ijncoln Trust Company tn
his possession, from which seven checks were, misa)
Ing. Ha refused to maka any statement.
STRIKERS AND SPECIAL POLICE HELD.
John J. Devlin, of No. 3<X> Atlantic avenue. Brook)
lyn: Thurlow Waters, cf Keman Place and Third,
avenue, Brooklyn; Warren Leverman. cf Vo, 304
West lUSt.T street, and Lazarus -.n. of No. 15 East
loist street, aii special policemen. wi:ti three strike
hreuiers. Theodore Shaler. of No. 2113 Second a?e
nn- WillUm S. Dreisnider. c? No. •JO* Eaa: 1454
9t'«>et. and Max Gutterpl3n. of No. 183 Second av*
•.-•'.Te. were arraigned in the Weal Side court yes
terdny morning before Magistrate Mayo and held m
Jl.ii'i.! bail earn for examination to-morrow. The>
oreofal r > 'l tl * tt * r!lt * ri '"'ere chareetl -with doras the
■hooting; from tta Klehrh aven'.ia car on Saturday
nisht. as a result oi wc!'-h August Lamb, a striking
chauffeur, t* lytng ta Roosevelt Hospital dinge>
Silversmiths and Jewelers i
! Duouaid^Xatdbes.SteHin^SiKTr.Obt j I
, GLssXenhcrGooiiiu^rt Stationery ' I
DIAMOND JEWELRY I
Cor stock of cSaaond jewdrr is I
! limited to exclusive drsigas. The 1
! piece* axe not made up in qmiMia— I
| and many are never duplicated. Ibe I
| careful and dWanuag buyer will ao- I
; prsxute me rare rwalWaca ana ex- I
ciusivene** oi our display. I
We invite foaipafwnei of price*. I
RfthAve.&32nd St. I
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