Till: ifEXICAN CARNEGIE.
Don Pedro Alvarado to Give
$10,000 jW0 for Benefit of Poor.
In Don Pedro AJvarado Mexicans say they
bore a Carceglo of their own Don Pedro has
**^wed that, in spite of owning a mins which
can produce net profits of $12,000,000 a year, ha
fa going to die poor. In order to attain his pur
paws he offered not long ago to pay off the na
tional debt of Mexico. But in this attempt to
empty his treasury he was thwarted. The Mexi
can government was so proud that it declined
the favor. Don Pedro, however, is not a man
to be easily discouraged. He is going to give his
, money away, in spite of obstacles. And so. after
long deliberation, he announced last week that
ha would give $10,000,000 to the poor of Mex
ico, the money to be distributed by the govern
ment. Little. if any, is to be given outright to
any applicant, but each of those who are found
worthy In the eyes of the government will re
ceive a small farm, be provided with a home or
be helped to establish himself in business. Pro
vision has been made to found free schools with
the fund, and a small amount will be given to
struggling churches. It is estimated that as
many as twenty thousand persons will be bene
fited by Don Pedro's generosity.
To the American mind Don Pedro Is an enig
ma. It is not his philanthropy that causes the
Yankee to wonder, for the Yankee can be one of
the most generous givers when so inclined, but
it Is his indifference to the making of money.
Although his mine, it is said, could be worked
by an American company to produce $1,000,000
a month. Don Pedro contents himself with much
less than that amount.
He has been reported as only working the
mine now and then when he needed the cash,
hot this he denies. "I operate my mining
plant." he says, "the same as you gentlemen
from the United States would, if you had it, but
with this difference: 1 don't try to dig out all
tha silver m it at once. If I did I might spend
It all and be a poor man again. At the rate my
five hundred minors ere working I*ll get $^00,
000 a month as long as I live."
Another strange thing about Don Pedro Is
that he lov*s his poor relatives. He keeps his
house at Parral filled with them. Anybody who
can trace the slightest connection with the
wealthy mine owner, either by birth or marriage.
TWO OF MR. VAN NORDEN'S ZEBRAS.
is welcome within his gates. And when he can
not spend his income on his people fast enough
at home, he charters a special train, packs them
all aboard and starts off on a journey, Just
where he never knows in advance. Accordingly
he always makes an arrangement with the rail
road company to stop bis special train wherever
x «be takes the notion. lie made a trip to Mexico
City not long ago. a distance by rail from his
home as Car as Chicago is from New York — and
it took him seven days. Three times each day
the train was halted that Don Pedro and his
guests might pour out on the plain and have a
When a poor American gets rich he is almost
sure to move to the most fashionable part of his
City Not so with Don Pedro Alvarado. When
the mil which he had inherited from his fore
fathers suddenly opened up an enormously rich
vein, about twelve years ago, and he soon found
himself rich enough to build what the Mexicans
call a "palace,** he erected a new home at lavish
east right on the Bite of the old one. in a squalid
part of ParraL Its rear windows look out on
tiia ParrraJ River, which is hardly more than a.
treat, open sewer.
Unlike the average American who grows
wealthy, Don Pedro dees not core for personal
attend lie shaves himself, cuts his own
hair. blacks his own shoc-a, and does a part of
Ms own cooking. After his wife died be for a
long time dressed his three children himself.
Nor is he as circumspect In his spending of
money as many American capitalists. If. be
takes a fancy to something he will buy of It a
dozen times as much as he needs. A year ago
he met an American ?twin£ machine agent, who
so Interested him in his particular machine
that I" D Pedro bought fifty of them and put
one in each room in his house. Another — at
tource of enjoyment for this peculiar man is 10
give work to the poor. If a beggar asks him
for alms be will shake bis head. "No, but I'll
let you work for me and pay yon for your
labor." be will say. Not long ago. when the
grape crop In the region around Parral proved a
UAlur<\ most of the farmers went to work for
NEW- YOKE DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 1& 1006.
ALVARADO AND HIS CHILDREN.
After his wife died, Don Pedro AH/arado, afthough he had a vast income, attended for a long
time to the toilet of his little ones himseK. TTrat he did not bother modi ;tbout the detail*
of their dress is evident.
WADE HAMPTON STATUE.
On November 20 an equestrian statue of Gen
eral Wade Hampton will be unveiled at Colum
bia, a C General Hampton, who was the son
of Colonel Wade Hampton and a grandson of
General Wade Hampton, a Revolutionary sol
dier, was born in Chariestaj on March 28, 181&
He died In Columbia on April 11, 1902, after
having served his state a j Governor and United
States Senator and the n. .tion as a Commissioner
of Pacific Railroads. W.ien the Civil War broke
oat he was reckoned the richest man in the
Southern States, owning four thousand slaves.
He was unpopular in the South before the Civil
War because of his political views, for, although
a large slaveholder, he was opposed to the ex
tension of the slavery system and to secession.
But when the Civil War broke out he enlisted as
a private ia the Conft^demte army. He after
ward raised the "Hiuzipton Legion. "*
At the end of the wax he had attained the
rank of a lieutenant general. In the reconstruc
tion period he advocated a conciliatory policy,
which was not popular in his state. For a num
ber of years South Carolina politics was domi
nated by the Negroes, for they were largely in
the majority. In ISTO a crisis w:is reached, and
General Hampton was elected Governor. Just
STATUE TO GENERAL WADE HAMPTON.
Photograph from the model. Ruckstuhi, sculptor. To be unveiled at Columbia, S. C, this week.
VIEW OF ALVARADO3 HOUSE.
This eccentric Mexican millionaire has buitt a "paJace" in the squalid part <xf Parral simply be
cause his family in their days of adversrrjr lived there. tts rear windows look out on the
Parral River, which is hardly more than a groat open sewer.
thfrty years ago angry crowds were surging
back and forth through the streets of Colombia.
"1 have been el«*«;ted Governor of South Caro
lina," said he to the crowd, "and by the eternal
God 1 shall be Governor or else there shall be
none. Disperse quietly and go to your homes.'*
It Is said these words did much to settle one of
the gravest crises m South Carolina's history.
TO RAISE ZEBROWS.
Experiment To Be Tried i.i This
Country on Extended Scale.
From zebras which he has imported at prcat
expenso Warner M. Van Korden, pfosiient of
the Van Norden Trust Company, of this city,
entertains great hopes thru the zrbroid, as the
hybrid offspring of the horse and zebra is railed,
will come to be generally and favorably known
In this country.
"The zebroid." explain. Mr. Van Nnrden the
other day, -makes an excellent all around ani
mal for domestic use. and I hope to introduce it
In this country. It is already used in South
Africa, where it has given satisfaction. I can
not say Just how speedy the zebroid will be. but
those I shall raise will be from the finest stock.
especially suited for driving purposes. Those
animals are much more strong and vigorous
than the horse, and live about twice as lons.
They win rank with any of the horses in gen
eral use to-day, and in value will range from
*800 to 1.000. They will be very tough, and able
to endure twice the hardship the average horsa
The parents, perhaps, of generations of Amer
ican zebroids yet unborn are now contentedly
munching hay in the barn at Mr. Van N'onlen's
country place at Rye, N. V, all unconscious of
the weight of the responsibility resting upon
their carefully groomed backs. In temporary
quarters in one barn are three zebras, said to be
among the finest of their species ever brought to
One of them is declared to be a genuine
Grevy*s zebra, from Abyssinia, am! this animal
alone is valued by Mr. Van Nordea at . sr..Qoa.
Tbx» other two zebras belong to what is known
as the Bohimti class. Two more, equally as
valuable as those now In Rye. have been capt
ured for Mr. Van Norden, and will be shipped
to this country early next spring. These ani
mals are about six years old. and, inasmuch
as the life of the average xebra is about fl.'ty
years, they are as yet mere babies, and are full
of more life and tricks than young colts.
80 much for the zebra parents of the zebroids.
Their parents on the other side v.- ill range from
a fall blooded Arabian man dam to little burro
jennies, through a list of horseflesh Including
piebald, hackney and mustang.
The zetiroids will owe their appearance in this
country, however, not so much to Mr. Van NT
don's desire to raise them for the::iselvei alone
as to his determination to solve the pro&l. n nt
telegony. He is determined to demonstrate
whether it is real, as breeders of blooded si . -ft
assert, or whether it is .i vagary of the breeder's
mind, as scientists declare. Explaining the ob
ject of his undertaking Mr. Van X rd< n said:
"All breeders believe in tel gony. It baa al
ways been their claim that If a female animal
Is bred to one of .i different .■=:•■•■ •;. but of the
same family and is afterward bred to ono of
her own species the second offspring will show
resemblance to the first sire. Opposed to tho
claim of the breeders is that of the sclent
who say there is no such thing as tele.^nny. and
that the breeders are mistaken in their diagnosis.
A man who stands near the bead of the scien
tists in their contention that there is not hi
in the breeders' fear of til. gony i? Professor
W. Bwart, of Edinburgh University, an.] for
years he has conducted experiments to support
the correctness of his theoiics. Professor Ewart
is now experimenting with pigeons and rabbits.
He asserts that no one has ever gone into the
subject of tel«*i?ony In such a manner as clearly
to demonstrate the truth or falsity of the
many claims made concerning it. The experi
ments of Professor Ewart and others have
thrown some li;:ht on the subject, but there is
still much to be learned.''
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