Jto-ftarlc *gggßHg& Sttttttie.
V OU LXVL V 21 .im.
FIND GILLETTE GUILTY.
'FIRST DEGREE MURDER:
Prisoner Hears Verdict Without
Sign of Emotion.
Herfcimer, X. V . Dec. 4— The Jury in the trial
0 , Chapter E. Gillette for the murder of his
heart. Mi.-=s Grace Brown, at i;ii? Moose
Lake on July 11 last, to-nlpht returned a ver
dict Of puilty in the first depree.
Sentence will he pronounced on Thursday
ir.orr.ins. to which time court adjourned after
the Jury had reported. Ex-Senator Mills. Gil
lette's counsel, before adjournment, announced
that when court reconvened at 10 o'clock Thurs
day morning he •would move to have the ver
dict pet aside.
The Jury, which had deliberated for five hours.
pent word at 11 o'clock that a verdict had been
reached. A moment later they filed Into the
courtroom, and at 11:11 o'clock an officer, who
hsd heen pent for Gillette, returned with tbe
}»a'e and a trifle nervous apparently. Gillette
far«-d the Jury, and when Marshall Hatch, the
foreman, declared that a verdict of guilty In the,
gnit decree had been found, the youthful pris
oner I m not a sisrn of emotion. A few mo
ments later, when his counsel had announced
his purpose of making a formal motion that the
vrrdict }.» pet aside, and the Judge was dl(=
rr!sfin? the Jurors. Gillette bent over a nearby
tsMe and. picking up a pencil, wrote, something
on a sheet of paper. He then folded the paper
carefully and placed it in his pocket- Imme
diately afterward he was taken from the court
room back to his cell in the Jail.
COURT ROOM FILLED TO OVERFLOWING.
Every sest and every bit of space where
ftandfnE room could bo secured in the court
room remained filled during the five hours of the
Jury's deliberation. Many expressed their de
termination to remain until morning, should a
verdict not be returned to-nipht. The buzz of
conversation was continuous as people discussed
•he phases of the- case. Now and then there was
a stir, as rumors spread that a verdict had been
reached, and ••very movement in the direction of
the jury r>>om was watched with intense eager-
It was just 10:,'»4 o'clock when three raps at
•he dear drew the attention of a deputy. Im
mediately there was a hush of expectation
throughout the court room.
"Instruct the court that the Jury has agreed."
faid Marshall Hatch, the foreman, to the at
V" thin fifteen minutes the prisoner, justice
and all attendants were brought into the court.
Every rye was fixed on Gillette, who -was evi
dently nervous when he entered the room, ac
companied by Under Sheriff 3vlock, and the
crimson flush that had remained on his cheeks
all day during the merciless speech of the prose
cutor had faded to a deathly pallor. He was
chewing gum. and his fingers twitched nervously
us l< I oh a chair at his accustomed place.
p «.f;jrjer;';y he discovered that the favorite high
t*rk chair he had occupied had been replaced
by another, and he Immediately changed the
chairs with a muffle.d mutter about having his
own (-ha:*- to Pit in.
The jury filed Into the court room and took
fceatF on the opposite fide of the room to fbOM
occupied by it during the trial. •
"Gentlemen of th«» jury, have you agreed on a
verdict?" risked Court Clerk Barney, and then
attention shifted to th* Jury. Gillette's eyes fol
lowed Bwse of the audience, and as an elderly.
white haired man on th* end of the front seat
trose tr> ppeak the prisoner fixed his attention
Tl ♦■ snokesmaa was Mnrphall Hatch, of Po'.jth
i ii He v.-as quite oalm r.s he replied:
. d. -fondant guilty of the erlmo
Gillette was sitting cornerwise in his chair.
Hlp legs were crossed— favorite attitude dur
ing the trial. As the words that were destined
to send him to the death chair were spoken
there was nof a slsjn of a change in the prisoner.
Net a quiver showed that he had even heard
them. Hie features were set and his face was
oolor. c His exprcs?«:on was vacant and ho
ottered no pound. •
"If your Honor i as.-.'' spoke up ox-Senator
Mills, Gillette's senior counsel. "I would like to
have the jury canvassed."
GILLETTE BEXM LETTER TO FATHER.
Gillette pat motionless sa one after another
the twelve jurors arose to their feet and de
clared that they \vere united In their decision,
"When the twelfth man had responded the stolid
indifference or studied composure of .the boy
vas exhibited as never before. Leaning over a
rearby table, he drew toward him a bit of white
paper and. taking a pencil from his pocket,
vttup deliberately this message:
Father: I am convicted. CHESTER.
Thi« was one of the earliest dispatches enrry
toE ili«* news of <;ill?tte's doom beyond the walls
of the courthouse. ■•... his father In
A discussion followed between judge anO coun
f'l as to a date when formal notice of an appeal
couM bo entered. Durinpr the evening Mr. Mills
lad intimated to his friends that any verdict
"litFidf- of one of guilty of murder in the flrst
<jf>g r<v . trould b» allowed to stand, but that h*»
fcfid his afso'iates, who had entered heart an-1
Rnul into tliis defence, would not permit their
<"li<TU to <iit- a murderer's death without a fur-
Uwr effort in Ills behalf.
When the r«*j-nrt of the Jury was delayed th
of-ff-ntf had hopi-«l for at load a disagreement.
Mr. Mi;:* d<sired to have the extraordinary
*""m that Governor Higgins had called for this
■SSI put r.vrr uiiti! Friday, when he proposed in
Hi a f'irmr.l notice of appeal. The court decided
'o tr.ak* it <>v.<» day earlier. Though tills discis
»lou Giiim, remained the same picture of iin«f
feren™*. The under sheriff took hi-n back t<» Jail.
™-i when he. entered his eel! he was Bin il ing.
T** Jailer, who locked the cell door, stood
Confounded to see the prisoner prepare hurried
ly for bed ar.i] with the air c,f ;• youth who had
nothing mote serious than physical weariness to
«« rid of.
"T>.. reporters want to nee me?" he . -...,} (•
Bh «tSr ... he doffed hir. clothes. Tell
t! "«^i 1 have nothing to say, only 1 didn't expect
With this Gillette tumbled Into his bed, and.
ktcordir.K to those near him. was slumbering
Peacefully, whil<- excited thrones outside the. jail
*«*e nt lll discussing the death Fcri*< ntv\ The
-' Jr >' would have reached its verdict before the
•Of w as fairly <l< )S wi upon them, it was said.
*a it riot l>«-*»n for one Juror, who thought Grace
Sr <Jtvn was a suicide. The other eleven argued
*?air;st the theory lie had formed until finally,
11 the sixth ballot, the jury agreed.
, * "«'Ul(l hay* been Eatlsned with no oth«-r
l'J z^\," ,-,}j Fj-ank Drown, father of <;rnt:e,
SR <3 thf : re <ould be no other verdict after tho
.1 <"<>nlir.u«i <•» lI Mil t»;iK«".
GREAT BEAR SPRING WATER.
*'•* I'urlty has made it famous."— Advt.
«£^!«Sa,g»s, NEW- YORK. WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 5. 1906. -TWENTY PAGKS.-,.:^^.., PRICE THREE CENTS.
THE CRAWLING OF PAT.
WCARREN THEN AND NOW.
Offers $1,000,000 for Proof of
T readier i i Against Hearst.
Senator Patrick H. McCarren Is at last show.
inR the white feather in the face of the com
bined forces of the state committee. Yesterday
he declared that not only had he not caused
\ the. knifing of \V. R. Hearst by hi* famous anti-
Hearst tirade of October 16, but also that he
j would not "think i f doing such s thing." When
asked if the speech had not contained material
, that would lead his followers to knife the head
| of the ticket, he became greatly enraged and
I declared that lie would Rive the reporter $1,
000,000 if he could find anything in the speech
| that could be so construed.
It is Interesting to compare the views of the
Kings County leader as expressed before and
i after the election. When ho made his famous
speech he was confident that Hearst would be
swamped, and thai Brooklyn would give C. E.
Hughes 75,000 majority, because Hearst was op
posing Democratic candidates by Independence
Leaguers. Before he made the speech he wrote
Hearst a note practically defying: him to oppose
the Democratic candidates' In the field. Hearst
accepted the challenge, and McCarren's speech
Now, events have a different aspect. Demo
crats in all parts of Brooklyn are organizing
against McCarren. The leader finds him in
the postion of having openly opposed a popu
lar candidate and of having Inflicted a sub
stantial injury on him. Hearst carried Brook
lyn, but ho ran some 33,000 votes behind his
Lieutenant Oovernor. popularly supposed to
have been largely the result of MoCarren's
stand, with which Richard Croker sent a mes
sage of sympathy.
IfeCarren Is now at odds with the majority
of his party, an insecure position. The chair
man of the state committee has practically de
posed him from his position in the party by
acknowledging the Delaaey-Hayas organization
as the true Democratic organization of the
county. This organization Is strongly antl-Mc-
Carren. and around it as a nucleus the anti-
McCarrenites and the men who feel that they
.owe allegiance to the party rather than to Mc-
Carren are organizing. McCarren sees that he
lost ground while absent in the West, and that
he la losing it daily, and so he now wants people
to forget his speech and Chandler's 35,000 anti-
Hearst friends, and to climb back again on the
mule. Here is the statement he made yester
krd£nVn mm , Ut *'\\ cc * nnot find tha t I caused the
knifing of Hearst, because I did nothing of tha
All that Th«v d^imii h £? of u do!n S such a thing,
rrmn, " • ' f 1 " 3 ls lhat 1 ro9Q before the
2 committee and expressed my personal
opinion of the candidate. purely I was acting
Md h toM^V'^t' V Vh ° n l ™ thit. after !
Sr^r^lcSioV 1 thousht of Mr - Hoarst X moved
There is something about his words that
Pictures the strong man bending before the
"Don't you think that some of tho statements
made, In your speech led your followers to knife
Hearst?" asked the reporter.
"I'll give you £1.000,000 if you find any such
statements in my speechr cried the Senator.
Here Is a section of the famous speech, which
the reporter thinks should win him the Sen
We can with propriety call upon the people
of Brooklyn to resent the slurs on the characters
of the men why have been referred to by the
candidate for Governor, and we can, irrespec
tive of party popularity in our community re
tent emphatically by our votes on Election Day
this Insult offered to them.
And I want to say, also, that we have an addi
tional reason for asking the citizens of Brooklyn
by their votes to Indicate the character of our
candidates, and their characters are si' unas
sailable. This vilification comes from a man
who Is recently here from the West. He is here
only a few years, and during all that time he
has been an energetic applicant In the pursuit
of official POSit
I am reliably informed that he could not be
elected poundmaster in his native city He is
now engaged In an effort to defeat the Demo
cratic ticket in the State of California He is
attempting to do there what he is attempting
to do here namely, destroy the Democratic
Here are a few of the anathemas which Mc-
Carren applied to Hearst: "He Is a pretender**;
"The league (Mr. Hearst's persona] corporation)
was organized for the purpose of blackmailing
the Democratic party"; "I believe that there is
a yellow streak in him"; "Everybody knows how
the (Hearst' nomination was procured"; "Trjis
candidate, who has railed at bosslsm and at
political machines, is the greatest and most
absolute boss we ever had In any political or
ganization that is known to the people of this
country. All the bosses of all the times, rolled
Into one, would be a Liliputian compared to this
Senator McOarren was recel >1 with small
ripj.ia usi and considerabli phuffllng o<" feet by
the nM»mliers of the Kingn County Democratic
al Committee •<■ the annual meeting in the
tuilding. Brooklyn, last night After
iber of 'Ii" committee from the 18th As
semblj District had resigned. Colonel James D.
Belj was taken In and re-elected chairman. By
some ov.rsisrlit Colonel Beil had been forgotten
\* ln-n the delegation from hl> district made
up. After John Hagulre had been recommended
• ent ;is Elections Commissioner
th< • id.
FOR BETTER SEEVICE ACKO3S RIVER.
Railroad Commissioners Make Recommenda
tions to Brooklyn Height* Company.
•' < Rroommendations for better-
Ing the on i :: ■ operated by the
Brooklyn Heights Railroad < ompany were n.ad.
- - : u« < ■ ■ ; il R Lllroad Commis-
I lion mom nenda additional
teadily Increasing travel on
'■ ' ' • -at' d and mi:'. i ... i,.,;, n |jj p - roo
; ' " augment* th< approaching lioll
■ ason. 'l i. tlona are I i take
t I D iber 10
SKIP TRUST SELLS TWO BOATS.
Hamburg-American Buys Vessels for New
Hamburg. Dec 4.— The Hamburg-American
Lino bus bought tiro steamers, each of 20,000
tons, built by Harland & Wolff for the Inter
nations! Mercantile Marine Company, for Its
HaYnburg-Ne~w York service. They are ex
pected to make from fourteen to fifteen knots,
find will be named the Berlin and the Chicago,
jt v . • ; ih« local office of the
I ' while n gotla
■ • und( ■ way, no
I been re
igo ..i i- . i i
tnd will \>f
practicails ' ' On Pennayi
. tinning between
,- . Hamburg
THEODORE ROOSEVELT, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
His latest preferred portrait, made especially for The Tribune.
<Ot>prri C M. lftOflk by HarrU-Ewtnir. Washington. D. C.)
FLOOD CLAI3IS SIXTY.
ARIZONA TOWN STRICKEN
Bursts, and Waters Sweep
! Bj- Telegraph to The Tribune.]
Phoenix, Ariz., Dec. 4.— Private railroad dis
patches received this afternoon say sixty lives
were lo9t at Clifton this morning in a flood,
caused by a bursting dam. that swept through
the camp, practically destroying the business
section, wrecking the smelting plant of the Ari
zona Copper Company and tearing out miles of
track on the Arizona and New Mexico Railway.
. Clifton, which has about thirty-five hundred
population, lies in a narrow valley near the east
ern line of Arizona. Through the town winils
the San Francisco River, the largest affluent nt
The poorer element lives in Chase Creek Can
yon, a peculiarly dangerous situation y in times
of high water Two years ago twelve lives were
lost in the canyon.
DELAKCEY KANE WINS?
May lie Newport Alderman 500
Votes in His Ward, U( Get§ 88.
1 • • bunc i
Newport, R. [ Dec. 4. -Although |he returns
arc (Mining in slowly, it seemed probable at
midnight thar among the aM(:mon who are un
doubtedly elected is Colonel Delancey Kane,
who has taken an active interest in the cam
paign. J!.' is a candidate of the Citizens Mu
nicipal Association. He has polled a [arge \ ■ ■
except in his own ward, the Fifth, where be r« -
ceived only eighty-eight votes out ..f a total of
about five hundn <).
other members ol the cottage colony, hu lud
inp: Robert Ooelet. George Gordon Klug, William
Watts Sherman, Arthur B. Bmmons. Hamilton
Fish Webster. Rear Admiral F. EL Chadwick,
li. Livingston Beeknian, S. Townsend Burden,
Prescott Lawrence, F. E. Chadwick Louis 1..
Lorillard and others, arc candidates for the
Representative Council. It will be. impossible
to announce the result of the vote for that body
until son..- time- to-morrow, as thi re are 105 men
to be elected, with terms of from one to thre<
years. Mr (Soelet came on from New York to
work for his election, and other members of the
cottage colon; Bhowcd great act iv to 3 also about
th • polls.
Prom present Indications it looks as if Colonel !
William P. Clarke, the candidate of the Citi
zens party, would be elected Mayor of Newport
by a small plurality, probably less than one
hundred, and thai the Board of Aldermen would i
be made up of three candidates of the citizens j
Municipal Association and two of the old "com
bine." That is the indication from the return* !
from four wards thus far turned In One ward is j
yet to be heard from. There is little chance of '
thlß being counted before early In the morning.
It is Newport's tlrst election under the new !
city charter, which was Intended to eliminate j
all politic* from municipal affair*, and it was
one of the quietest elections In th.' history of
Newport. The bitter cold day undoubtedly kept
many away from the. polls, and the total vote
fell far behind that cast a month ago at the
The new ballot puzzled many voters, and ap- I
parently provided difficulty for the election offi- |
cials, All Candida tee were named by petition !
and their names were printed on the ballot In
alphabetical order without any mark to show by i
Whom they were chosen. The Citizens Munici
pal Association, however, an organisation to>
posed largely of . the so-called "cottage colony."- ;
Dared specimen ballots showing how ii» nun-.
Dees should be voted for. The regular Demo- |
era tic and Republican organizations alwo in- \
dorsed some men, and followed suit. An opinion
was obtained from the City Solicitor allowing !
the use of ipeclmen ballots .is guides In the
BY THE PRESIDEST IX HIS
A law prohibiting all corporations from contributing to the campaign ex-
A law conferring upon the government the right of appeal in criminal cases
on questions of law.
That the crime of rape should always be punished with death, as is the case
with murder; assault with intent to commit rape should be made a capital crime,
at least in the discretion of the court, and provision should be made by whvh the
punishment may follow immediately upon the heels of the offence.
That the number of hoars of employment oi railroad employes should be lim
ited, with the aim of the general introduction of an eight-hour law.
A thorough investigation of the conditions of child labor and of the labor of
women in the United States.
A more stringent employers' liability act than the one passed at the last ses
sion of Congress.
Provision for the compulsory investigation by a commission on conciliation
and arbitration of disputes between employers and employes.
Legislation to provide for the withdrawal from sale or entry of all public
lands containing, or in all probability containing, coal.
In connection with the Packing [louse Inspection law provision for putting
a date <>n the label and for charging the cost of inspection to the packets.
Provision for more complete governmental control of corporations to prevent
the evils of excessive overcapitalization and to secure proper publicity.
That when next our system of taxation is revised, the national government
should impose a graduated inheritance tax. and,. if possible, a graduated income tax.
A constitutional amendment which will relegate the whole question of mar
riage and divorce to the authority of the national congress, which would give it
power to dial radically and efficiently with polygamy.
The pa^-agc of an act for the developing f American shipping embodying
the views expressed in the report made al the last session to the House,
Legislation to carry out the recommendations of the Secretary of the Treasury
for currency reform and the relief of stringency in the money market.
A lower tariff on or else absolute free trade in Philippine products.
American citizenship for the people of Porto RiVo and the administration ol
the affairs of all insular possessions by one executive department.
An act for the naturalization of Japanese who come here intending to be
■ c American citizens.
Thai the criminal and civil statutes of the United States be so amended and
added t<> as t.> enable the President, acting for the United States government,
which is responsible in our international relations,, to w.inn-v the rights oi aliens
\*.»; an increase in the navy, but its maintenance at it- present strength by
replacing obsolete and outworn ships by new and good ones, and in both army
and navy a principle of selection which will bring int.> the higher r.-mk^ fewei men
and these at an earlier age.
The I'resideni says in regard to Cuba: "If the elections become a farce, and
ii the insurrectionary habit becomes confirmed m the island, ;t; t is absolntelv out
of the question thai the island should continue independent; and the United States
which ha- assumed the sponsorship before the civilized world fo» Cuba's career as
a nation, would again have to intervene and to see that the government was man
aged in such orderly fashion as to secure the safeti of life and property."
<Fos nil. TK.vr or m rsjaascm iwißiMm Tti nun id
FIRE ENGINE IN TRENCH.
Scatters Blazing Coal Over Work
men and Hones M<m Man Die.
While fire engine 158, of l»ner Island City,
was tearing along at breakneck speed to a tire
Itg three horses plunged headlong into .m . \ .. .
vation near S''n street In connection with th •
Belmont tunnel, pulling the great engine .!<>u:i
on top v:< ti: in. The iio.-s.-s fell on ton of
one another and the nok of or..- was broken.
The engine fell on Its side, and hot coals and
boiling water fell on a laborer named John
Seank working thirty-Hire reel below the spot
where the engine hung. He was taken to si.
john'ti Hospital, badly burned aboal the ne ( »k
and baei and nay die. Other hiboren were
struck by bl«Tt"g ccals, bui were not seriocsly
The engine stuck In tf > ' trench aboul flfteen
feel from the surface The driver and the en
gineer escaped serious Injury, though they wars
badly shaken up. The accident occurred at the
entrance to Newtown Creek Hridge md blocked
traffic for se\erai hours. The horsea had to be
lifted out with > bloeh and taekh?.
ROCKEFELLER GIFT FOR TORONTO.
Toronto, On!.. Doc. 4.— Through Chancellor
McKay, John D. Rockefeller has offered to con
tribute $60,000 to the McMaster Baptist Uni
versity. Torontc. on the condition that the
$75,000 fund for the Forward Missionary Move
ment be completed.
DYER'S VOW GET $230.
Ed-Governor of Rhode Island Makes
U r idoic Residuary Legatee.
[l!y Te!e^rai>h to The Tribune. |
Providence, Dec. 4.— Leaving his private sec
retary $3,000 on condition that at the time
of the testators death she is unmarried. m.,..
Ellsha Dyer, formerly Covernor of the state,
who died suddenly Thanksgiving night, be
queathed his three sous only $230 apiece in his
will tiled to-day. His sons are <;.'.. I£. and
Klish.;. jr.. of New York, and H. Anthony. of thi*
Miss Frances Kinnlcut, the secretary, is the
principal beneficiary under the win, with the
exception of the widow, who is th«» residuary
legatee. The estate is valued at approximately
Ii is supposed that it was th.' intention of ex-
Governor Dyer to leave to his widow the greater
part of his estate that she might enjoy /it
through her life an 1 give it to her sons when she
COLONEL STEVENS IMPROVES.
[I»y Trli-Kraph to Th* Trl v >u:i#.. ]
HerryviUcv v.i Dec. 4 —A bulletin issued late
to-njght shows the condition of Colonel Edwin A.
Stevens, of Hoboken. N J., considerably im
proved. His temperature is lower, his pulse
more normal and hl> respiration strong.
APPROVE TIIK MESSAGE.
Some Object to Japanese and Fed
eral Control Recommendations.
(From Tha Tribune nurcnu. 1
Washington. Dec. 4. — The President's me?*--'
sage was read with the keenest interest In both
houses of Congress to-day, and was stron.^ly
commended by a large, majority of those who
read or heard it. Some there were who took ex
ception to certain passant-.*. hut they were in th<»
minority. So many points were covered ami
some of the recommendations were so new th.it ;
many Senators said they must take time t<»
think It al! over Wore expressing art opinion,
but that on the whole they were favorably Im
The enthusiasm was greater in the House, a-*
is usually the >•■<?.-, and some passages wen>
greeted with applause, notably recommenda
tion that acceptance of campaign contribution*
from corporations be marie unlawful. The sug
gestion of a graduated inheritance tax seemed to
meet with general appproval. but the reference
to an Income, lax was declared tr> afford "food
for thought." .-•: i some Senators found comforC
in the fact that thf> President said such a sys
tem of taxation should be adopted only "when
next our system of taxation is revised."
VIEWS OK CORPORATIONS.
The suggestion that railroads be allowed -■»
pool their rates, under the supervision of th*
Interstate Commerce Commission, occasioned -•
considerable discussion among Senators and ;
Representatives, discussion which revealed a '
wide difference of opinion, while in the Senate*
the proposition that government control should •}
be extended to all corporations doing: an inter
state business found few supporters and -haae>
only among the more radical members. Recom
mendations that methods of judicial procedure
should be chanced were declared to be worthy
of the most careful consideration, but to require
: full deliberation before they were adopted.
Senators generally expressed the view that tho
President's reference to the Japanese situation
In California vr:s "a little too forceful." As to
the President's declaration. '"All of the forces,
military and civil, of the United States which C
may lawfully employ will be employed," tha
California Senators believe that the Presi
dent will find that he cannot "lawfully" em
ploy either civil or military forces to compel
the Californfans to accord school privileges or
social equality to the Japanese, and In so far
as could be learned they are supported by a ;-.
considerable majority of the upper house, moit
Senators believing that the President can law
fully employ oniy the judiciary in dealing with
the California situation and that If the De
partment of Justice undertakes to compel tha
people of California to adjust their school latr*
to the treaty with Japan it will lose Its caso
In the courts.
RECOMMENDATION'S ON LYNCHING.
The President's handling of the race question
and his reference to the lynching evil called
forth the most genera! commendation from,
Democratic Senators, who pronounced, hi -< ■;•-
I terance on this subject sound and able. They
say he urges only what every right thinking " s
man in the South preaches. 5n season and out.
: and what the better class of Southerners al- *
ways will preach. At the same time, they say
that the crime which leads to lynching In the
South so excites men's passions and stuns their
natural respect for the law that despite all the
preaching ami all ■'■•■ •:-■■••" of respect for
the lan- it has thus far been impossible to eradi
cate the evil completely. They said, however,
they believe that, with all of the President's rec
ommendations carried Into effect, the lynching
evil can be reduced to a minimum, if not com
j,:..»..jv er .
While taking direct Issue with the President
on the California situation, the recommendation
of a national divorce law and a few other sub
jects, the Democratic Senators generally com
mend the message. They are rejoiced over the
advocacy of an income tax. and over the gen
eral tone of the communication. One of the
Democrats, Senator Clay, said this afternoon:
"It •;- obvious that the President is an earnest
and persistent advocato of fairness and justice
to the men who work for their daily bread."
and Senator Clay's remark was Indorsed by a
considerable number of the minority.
SUBSIDY ADVOCATES DISAPPOINTED.
Some of the advocates of the shipping bill in
the Senate expressed disappointment that th©
President had not advocated the enactment of
this measure with greater force and enthusiasm.
They am? that he is a comparatively recent con
vert la the doctrine of sxibsidies, and that ap
parently he is still only half converted. How
ever, they hop« he has said enough to secure
the passage of the measure through the House.
Neither the Philippine tariff r.or th© currency
recommendations appear to have created much
enthusiasm, although It hi generally believed
that the Philippine bill will get through in some
shape. The prospects for currency legislation
are not flattering: at this time, but i" the leaders
take hold of th* subject ar.d press it they may
he able to get a bill through.
Leading Senators, who always prefer to think
slowly and speak carefully, declined to be quoted
on the message. "We will tako it home, read
it again and think it all over quietly." was the
purport of their replies when asked to soeak
for publication. Some of the Houso leaders,
however, spoke with greater frankness.
"PRESIDENT'S REMARKS COURAGEOUS. 1 *
Representative James TI. Mann, of Illinois.
I consider th« President's expression on the
Japanese difficulties in the California schools
the most courageous thing he has said in a
great many years. In the face of California
sentiment the President took a manly position -i:i
saying that the treaty rtuhts of the Japaneso
ghoul ■ be enforced. s*» that they might be given- -\
•■quality in »he schools lam in favor of the
recommendation that, if necessary i:> this tase.
the criminal and civil statutes of the United
States h«> so amended and added to as to en:»b!o
the President to enforce the rights of alien.-*
under treaties. I helicvo there is a great yea:t
mont In fa\or of an income t:tx. and iho Presi
dent expressed that view. Ido rot Ivlieve th>re
will be much char.cc for new legislation ;it this
session, however, unless it is contained In tna
Sereno E. Payne, uf New* ior.c. I.epuD.r. an>
See* \.-u l«:. m
Th.- President's language on the California-
Japanese million *us forceful and yet con
servative. He treated the situation admirably.
To General Grosvenor. of Ohio. chai:man "'
the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fish
frit's, the President's specific recommendation of
a ship subsidy appealed «tron~!y. as it did t«>
all the other advocates of this measure, who are
in Mil hope, as a result, tl.nerat Grosvenor
also liked the recommendation tor an income
tax. He said:
The message is :i urv.ri-'-e. original and strong:
document. I ana pleased th:it the recuinmenda.
lion for »hip subsidy is nut general but spt>
clnc. l believe an Income tax would be better
than an Inheritance tax. and i d.. not doubt
that .in Income tax law could be .->. a that
would be constitutional. It was only by th*
narrowest margin that the Supreme Court do-
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