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• Mt-idual* It is a sure sign of a base nature I '
■'ways to ascribe base motives for the actions c others. Unquestionably no nation can af- I f' A to disregard proper considerations of self- I 1-terest. any more than a private individual can . Ll do But it Is equally true that the average i private individual In any really decent com- • irunitv docs many actions with reference to , *£cr men in which he Is guided, not by self- , towns! but by public spirit, by regard for the , J?<rhts'of others, by a disinterested purpose to do , rood to others, and to raise the tone of the com- , Sty as a whole. Similarly, a really great na- , Son' must often act, and as a matter of fact «4cn Joes act. toward other nations in a spirit , rot in the least of mere self-interest, but pay- j fnr heed chiefly to ethical reasons; and ns the , Juries so by this distintcrestedness in interna- > ; Sal acson. this tendency of the Individuals ! ] «v^rr>ins a nation to require that nation to ! f^t «Hth Justice toward its netsrhbors, steadily | ' MM and strengthens. It is neither wise nor < furht for a nation to disregard its own needs. | IJf<? «is foolish— and may be wicked— to think I & other nations will disregard their*.. But It i I' nirked for a nation only to regard it* own i interest and foolish to believe that euch Is th« 1 ; »o!e rvttlva that actuate* any othrr nation. It , : itMild be our steady aim to raise the ethical • ■ta-'dard of national action Just as we strive to I ! «Ke th* eth'ca! standard of individual action. | < Not only must we treat all nations fairly, but i we -ni'Jft treat with Justice and good will all ( m- , itinerants who come here under the ! law. , TVhcther they ere Catholic or Protestant. Jew or : r«ntlle- whether they come from England or ,\... ■•••. RtiMia, Japan or Italy, matters noth- . : Inc All we have a rl?ht to question is the man's ; conduct. If he Is honest and upright in his ; dealings with his neighbor and with the stats, < then he is entitled to respect and good treat- , ( nient Especially do we need to remember our : ( duty to the stransrer within our gates. It is th>? : ture mark of a low civilization, a low morality, l to abuse or discriminate against or In any '.vay . humiliate such stranger who has come here law- ; fully and who is conducting himself properly. \ To *>--ber this Is incumbent on every Ameri- i can citizen, and it la. of course, peculiarly lncum- i bent on every government official, whether of i the ■'.or. or of the several states. i 1 cm prompted to say this by the attitude of hostility here and there assumed toward tho t Japanese in this country. This hostility Is pp >- i radic end Is limited to a very few places. Xcv- 1 •nheless. It is most discreditable to us as a peo- < pie. and it may be fraught with the gravest con- i sequences to the nation. The friendship between « the United States and Japan has been contlnu- t ouf since the time, over half a century ago, | 1 when Commodore Perry, by his expedition to i Japan, first opened the islands to Western civil- I i Ization. Since then the growth of Japan has < be*n srally astounding. There is not only I nothing to parallel it, but nothing to approach i it la the history of civilized mankind. Japan t has a g'.oriou? and ancient past. Her civiliza- I t tlon is older than that of the nations of North- i ami Europe— the nations from which the pcoplo * of the ned States have chiefly eprung. But t fifty rears »ko Japan's development was still ! < that of the Middle Ages. | < During that fifty yearn the progress of the t country i every walk in life has been a marvel « to mankind, and she bow stands as one of the 1 greatest of civilized nations: great in the arts t of war and in the arts of peace: great in mill- i my. In industrial. In artistic development and i achievement. Japanese soldiers and sailors < have shown themselves equal in combat to any 1 of whom history makes note. She has pro duceii great generals and mighty admirals, her < i f.ghtlng men. afloat and ashore, show all tho ' heroic courage, the unquestioning, unfaltering loyalty, the splendid indifference to hardship ' end death, which marked the Loyal Ronins- and I they thow also that they possess the highest ideal of patriotism. Japanese artists of every ■ I kliid see their products eagerly sought for in i all land?. The Industrial and commercial de- i welopment of Japan has been phenomenal; I grea:-r than that of any other country during the same period. At the same time the advance i In fderice and philosophy is no less marked 1 Ifca admirable management of the Japanese I Red Cross during the late war. the efficiency and humanity of the Japanese officials, nurses and doctor-., won the respectful admiration of i all acquainted with the facts. Through the Red Cross the Japanese people Bent over 5100.000 to The BUfferera of San Francisco, and the gift was accepted with gratitude by our people The oourtesy of the Japanese, nationally and indi vidually, has become proverbial. To no other country has there been such an increasing i r.umbtr of visitors from this land as to Japan. . In return. Japanese have come here In great i rußuberp They are welcome, socially and in- I tsllectually. In all our colleges and institutions i of higher learning. In all our professional and nodal bodies The Japanese have won in a etn- I Fie ■ .-anon The right to stand abreast of the ' I foremost and most enlightened peoples of Eu- j rope and America: they have won on their own i merits and by their own exertions the right to ! treatment on a basis of full and frank equality. , The overwhelming mass of our people cherish k lively regard and respect for the people of j Japan, und in almost every quarter of the Union i ' 'ne stranger from Japan is treated as he de- I : serves; that is. he Is treated a* the stranger 1 -roni any part of civilized Europe Is and deserves to be trratr-d. But here and there a most un worthy feeling has manifested itself toward the Japanes.-— feeling that has been Ehown in shutting them out from the common schools In • •San Francisco, and in mutterings against them < In one or two other places, because of their effl- ' i tiency as workers. To shut them out from the i i public schoois is a wicked absurdity, when there ; I are no first class colleges in the land, includ- i I lep the universities and colleges of California, ' Tvhich £o not gladly welcome Japanese students j and or. which Japanese students do not reflect i l credit. We have as much to learn from Japan j i f.s Japan has to l^arn from us; and no nation Is i < ■ to teach unless it Is also willing to learn. . Throuchout Japan Americans are well treated, end any failure on the part of Americans at : home to treat the Japanese with a like courtesy 1 and consideration Is by just so much a confes sion of J'.f.-riority In our civilisation. Our nation fronts on the Pacific, Just as It -rents on th<? Atlantic. We hope to play a con- • MantH- growing part in the great ocean of the Orient We wish, as we ought to wish, for a! . rreat commercial development In our dealings ' ; wUh Asia; and it is out of the question that wo ■ r..cu:d r*rmanently have such development un- i , i«ss nv. fr^f-jy gnd gladly extend to other nations i "Bjftcaiae measure of Justice and good treatment | naea we expect to receive In return. It la only I i a very Email rmdy of our citizens that act badly. i **h«re th« federal Kovernment has power it will | ♦^ai summarily with any such. Where the sev eral states have power I earnestly ask that they ftls^fl. ;.] •f» !y and promptly with such conduct. or<>.s* this Email body of wrongdoers may brlnjf Kismr- upon the great mass of their Innocent and ; i « T: : " i'" T '£ f«Dows — that is. upon our nation ! «»■ a whole Good, manners should be an in- I T ? Jno 11 * PS than an Individual attribute. *, ' Jf fair treatment for the Japanese as I would ! '!K fair treatment for Germans or Englishmen. : rrenenmea. Russians, or Italians. 1 ask It as WW to humanity and civilization. I ask it as ! 2? ™» oi » I s*lves because we must act uprightly ! Q I recommend to the Congress that an act be ' v"l "PecUJcally providing for the naturaliza i.on o. J<jpar;.-Ke who come here Intending to i - - '<»" An:<-rhan citizens. One of the great em •«..ra«^r... ;i i« attending the performance of our «t^ rra?:oral oljll gationa is the fact that the ™wtea of the United States are entirely in *«2«at«. They fail to give to the national swwerntijent sufficiently ample power, through JS - states courts and by the use of the army tAtA t> ray ' to protect aliens In •!.•• rights secured r!f ,£~ m L:! " ser M|( "nn treaties which are the law jnejlaad. i therefore earnestly recommend •at th«» rriminal and civil statutes of the r.ited Suites be fo amended and added to as to -naUo the President, acting for the United tiates covemment, which is responsible in our raternatjonal relations, to enforce the rights of «iens onder treaties. Even as the law now is can 1,« done by the federal govern «>er.t toward this end. and in the matter now be jflre Tie afferting the Japanese everything that iv. #"' "' y power to do will he done, and all of je« Forces, miliiary and civil, of the United »-ati»s v.hich l may lawfully employ will be so employed. There should, however. «c parti 2J of aouflt as to the power of the national gov rnmern completely to perform and enforce Its <j*n obligations to other nations. The mob of * elngle diy may at any time perform acts of '* lebS violence jißainst boom class of foreigners ., f; ' ,, c <r " "..< plunge us Into war. That city by ■•Wl* would be powerless to make fief.-!). ■• ff, Ml &** foreign power thus assaulted, and '• Uraepeadent of this government it would •*\*" r venture to perff.im or permit the perform- of the acts complained of. The entire power and the whole duty to protect the offend }*L? a or tiie offending community ii< In the , na« *->f the United .States government It 1h EBUSakabla that we should continue it policy ■■••£ . whlch a Blv<n locality ma y 1.. allowod :<» J?" 1 ™ v ■::■;.■ against a friendly rial n, and *«* bolted .<iat«s government limited, not to tTCi.tut!ng the commission of the crime, but, In crtr r<s "rt, to defending the people who ha\" Jt, aßainst the consequences : their '■*n KTongdolng. »v^ ft Aueust an Insurrection broke out In *raa *hkh it speedily grew evident that the ~*T". Cuban government was powerless to ,t quell. This government was ; • repealedJy «?k«*d by tbe then i r Cuban governmTit to Inter- | f.w-'w*"' 1 flr - &; ' v wae notifled i>y the President <:t^ v that h>: lit*'*"'!*'* K» resign; that his dc f«"«M W " a * lrr< * v o c a'j|«-; tha*. none of the other [virr^ttenal officers woul'.t content to carry on • government, nail trist. he was poweriest to lain order. It -as id*-.)' «hat chaos : * '•api '.:■.-..;. fr.d there -.".as every probabtlity that if steps were not Immediately taken by ' this government to try to restore order the representatives of various European nations in the island would apply to their respective gov ernments for armed Intervention in order to protect the lives and property of their citizens. 1 hanks to the preparedness of our navy. I was abie immediately to send enough ships to Cuba M prevent the situation from becoming hopeless: and I furthermore dispatched to Cuba the Sec retary of War and the Assistant Secretary of Mate in order that they might grapple with tne situation on the ground. All efforts to secure un agreement between the contending factions, by which they should themselves come to an amicable understanding and settle upon some modus Vivendi— some provisional government of their own— failed. Finally the President of the republic resigned. The quorum of Congress as sembled failed by deliberate purpose of its members, so that thero was no power to act on his resignation, and the government came to a halt. In accordance with the so-called Platt Amendment, which was embodied in the con stitution of Cuba. I thereupon proclaimed a provisional government for the island, the Sec retary of War acting as provisional Governor until he could be replaced by Mr. Magoon. the late Minister to Panama and Governor of the ?anal zone on the isthmus; troops were sent to support them and to relieve the navy, the expe dition being handled with most satisfactory speed and efficiency. The Insurgent chiefs im mediately agreed that their troops should lay Sown their arms and disband, and the agree ment was carried out. Tin? provisional govern ment has left the personnel of the old govern ment and the old laws, bo far as might be, un changed, and will thus administer the island for a few months until tranquillity can be restored, l new election properly held and a new govern ment inaugurated. Peace has come in the Island, and the harvesting of the. sugar cane crop, the great crop of the island. la about to proceed. When the election has been held and the new government Inaugurated in peaceful and orderly fashion, the provisional government will come to an end. I take this opportunity of expressing upon behalf of the American people, with all possible solemnity, our most earnest hope that the people of Cuba will realize the imperative need of preserving Justice and keeping order in the island. The. United States wishes nothing of Cuba except that it shall prosper morally and ■naterJally, and wishes nothing of the Cubans save that they shall be able to preserve order imong themselves, and therefore to preserve their independence. If the elections become a farce, and if the insurrectionary habit becomes con firmed in the island. it Is absolutely out of the juestion that the island should continue inde pendent; and the United States, which has as sumed the sponsorship before the civilized world 'or Cuba's career as a nation, would again have :o intervene and to see that the government ivaa managed in such orderly fashion as to secure the safety of life and property. The path to be trodden by those who exercise self-gov ernment is always hard, and we should have ivery charity and patience with the Cubans as ihoy tread this difficult path. I have the ut ■Mat sympathy with and regard for them, but [ most earnestly adjure them solemnly to weigh .heir resDonsibilities and to see that when their lew government is started it shall run smoothly, md with freedom from flagrant denial of right >n the one hand and from insurrectionary dis turbances on the other. ■ The second international conference of Ameri can republics, held In Mexico in the years 1901- f OL\ provided for the holding of the third conference within five years. J ne Rio and committed the fixing of Conference. the time and place and the arrangements for tha con ference to th«* governing board of the Bureau of American Republics, composed of the repre sentatives of all the American nations in Wash ington. That board discharged the duty imposed upon it with marked fidelity and painstaking care, and upon the courteous invitation of the United States of Brazil the conference was ield at Rio Janeiro, continuing from July 23 to August 29 last Many subjects of common in terest to all the American nations were dis cussed by the conference, and the conclusions reached, embodied in a series of resolutions and proposed conventions, will be laid before you upon the coming in of the final report of the American delegates. They contain many mat ters of importance relating to the extension of trade, the increase of communication, the smoothing away of barriers to free Intercourse, and the promotion of a better knowledge and good understanding between the different coun tries represented. The meetings of the confer ence were harmonious and the conclusions were reached with substantial unanimity. It is in teresting to observe that In the successive con ferences which have been held tho representa tives of the different American nations have been learning to work together effectively, for, while the first conference, in Washington 111 I*B9, and the eecond conference, in Mexico In 1901-'O2. occupied many months, with much time wasted in an unregulated and fruitless dis cussion, the third conference, at Rio, exhibited much of the facility in the practical dispatch of ausiness which characterizes permanent delib erative bodies and completed Its labors within the period or six weeks originally allotted for its sessions. Quite apart from the specific; value of the conclusions reached by the conference, the ex ample of the representatives of all the American nations engaging in harmonious and kindly con sideration and discussion of subjects of common Interest Is itself of great and substantial value for the promotion of reasonable and considerate treatment of all international questions. The thanks of this country are due to the govern ment of Brazil and to the people of Rio Janeiro j for the generous hospitality with which our 3elep:ates, in common with the others, were received, entertained and facilitated In their work. Incidentally to the meeting of the conference, the Secretary of State visited the city of Rio Janeiro, and was cordially received by the con ference, of which he was made an honorary president. The announcement of his intention to make this visit was followed by most cour teous and urgent invitations from nearly all tho countries of South America to visit them as the guest of their governments. It was deemed that by the acceptance of these invitations we might appropriately express the real respect and friendship In which wo hold our sister republics of the Southern continent, and the Secretary, accordingly, visited Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, Chili, Peru, Panama and Colombia. He re (rained from visiting Paraguay, Bolivia and Ecuador only because the distance of their cap itals from the seaboard made it Impracticable with the time at his disposal. He carried with him a message of peace and friendship, and of strong: desire for good understanding and mutual helpfulness, and he was everywhere received in the spirit of his message. The members of government, the press, the learned professions, the men of business and the great masses of tha people united everywhere In emphatic response to his friendly expressions ami In doing honor to th<> country and cause which he represented. In many parts of South America there has been much misunderstanding of the attitude and purposes of the United States toward the other American republics. An idea had become prevalent that our assertion of the Monroe Doc trine Implied, or carried with it, an assumption '■',' superiority, and of a right to exercise Eome kind of protectorate over the countries to whose territory that doctrine applies. Nothing could be further from the truth. Yet that impression continued to be a serious barrier to good under standing, to friendly Intercourse, to the Intro duction of American capital and the extension of American trade. The impression was bo widespread that apparently it could not be reached by any ordinary means. it was pan of Secretary Roofs mission to dis pel this unfounded Impression, and there Is Just cause to believe that he ims succeeded. In an address to th* third conference at Rio on July 31— an address of such note that T send it In, together with this message— be Bald: • \v> wish for no victories but those of peace; for no territory except our own for no sovereignty ex cect th«- aoverelfmty over ourselves. We rl«"»m th« *:..!.- 1, ..1,.;,. •,-... mikl equal rights of the smallest ana weakest member of the family of nations entitled to :is much respect as those of i he greatest empire, Mid we deem th* observance of Hint respect the chief utianinte.? of the w-ak airainst the oppression of tlio strong. We neither claim nor desire any rights or privilege* or power* that we do not freely <-o!irp<lo to every American republic. We wish to Increase our prosperity, to •>.'••,■( our trade, i" grow In wealth mid wisdom, and In s;>lrit, but our conception of the true way to accomplish this is not t.i pull down others and profit by their ruin, but to l .-ij, all friends to a common prosperity mid ■ com mon growth. Hint we may all become greater and stronger lonethei Within a few months for the ilr.st time the recognized possessors of every foot of soil upon i ! •' American continents can i><» and J hope will '>•• represented with the acknowledip ! rijriitJ of .in sovereign states in tha great world ioi)T<'SM M The Hu«u« 'I Ills will be the world's forma! :iii«l final ar«-eptan<-e of t lie declaration that no j;:iri of ihe A merit an continents is to be deemed BUtjject to colonization. i ••' us i'i> .1 ■ ourselves to jil.j each other In the full performance of th<; duty lo humanity which thai accept**! declaration lm iiU'-s. so that in 1 1 me Ulfl v . nicest Jtiiil mont un rortunate of our republics may come to march with .-•mini utep iv 'I"- f -!'i'- •■' •'■•■ stronger and more fortunate. I-*" 1 .is kelp •■!.!. other to show thai for '•II the r»<**" of m»u the libeii for whir.ii we nave fought and labor, d in th« twin lister of |u«tic« and near? ''*' !:h i j t . i r »- fn creating and maintaining and making effective mi all American public opin ion hone power shall Influence Internationa] eon« ■ lii i and prevent International wrong, and narrow th»- causes of war, and forever preserve our free lantif -r< TV th* burden of such ;irmutnrn!s .)*■ are massed lji»b*n<l ""' frontiers of Europe, ami bring us n«--irer "» ''»♦* . •.',., tiered liberty. "o shol! <*o*n*» se<*urftj and prosperity, production •nr! trade, ivpa'.tli, Jpirntnp. th« nrtsi find tvipplnt-its Vrr us nil. !-'.Thef'e v '"'d* appear ><• have been received wi'.'ii acclaim iv every part of South America. NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 5. 1906. They have my hearty approval, as I am sure they will have yours, and 1 cannot be wrong in the conviction that they correctly represent tho eentlmenU of the whole American people. ' I cannot better characterize the true attitude of the United States In Its assertion of the Monroe Doctrine than In the words of the distinguished former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Argen tina, Dr. Drago, In his speech welcoming Mr. j Root at Buenos Ayres. He spoke of — ' i The traditional policy of the United States (which) without accentuating superiority or seeking; prepon derance, condemned the oppression of the nations of this part of the world and the control of their j destinies by the great powers of Europe. It Is gratifying to know that In the great city of Buenos Ayres. upon the arches which spanned the streets, entwined with Argentine and Amer ican flags for the reception of our representa tive, there were emblazoned not only the names of Washington and Jefferson and Marshall, but also, in appreciative recognition of their ser vices to the cause of South American indepen dence, the names of James Monroe. John Qulncy Adams, Henry Clay and Richard Rush, We take especial pleasure in the graceful courtesy of the government of Brazil, which lias Riven to the beautiful and stately building first used for the meeting of tho conference tho name of "Pa la* I Monroe." Our grateful acknowledgment* are due to the governments and the people of all th« countries visited by the Secretary of State for tho courtesy, the friendship, and the honor shown to our country in their generous hospitality to him. In my message to you on December 5. 1903, ! I called your attention to the embarrassment that might be caused to this government by tho assertion by foreign nations of the right to col lect by force of arms contract debts due, by American republics to citizens of the collecting nation, and to the danger that the process of compulsory collection might result In the occu pation of territory tending to become perma nent. I then said: Our own government has always refused to en force suuh contractual obligations on behalf of its citizens by fin appeal to arms. It Is much to bo wished that all foreign governments would take the ; same view. j This subject was one of the topics of consid eration at the conference at Rio, and a resolu tion was adopted by that conference recom mending to the respective governments repre sented "to consider the advisability of asking the second peace conference at The Hague to examine the question of the compulsory col lection of public debts, and, in general, means tending to diminish among nations conflicts of purely pecuniary origin." This resolution was supported by the repre sentatives of tho United States, in accordance with the following instructions: It has long been the established policy of the United States not to use its armed forces for the collection of ordinary contract debts due to its citi zens by other governments. We have not consid ered the use of for~e for such a purpose consistent with that respect for the independent sovereignty of other members of the family of nations which is the most Important principle of international law and the chief protection of weak nations against the oppression of the strong. It seems to us that the practice Is Injurious in its general effect upon the relations of nations and upon, the welfare of weak and disordered states, whose development ought to be encouraged in the interests of civiliza tion; that it offers frequent temptation to bullying and oppression and to unnecessary and unjustifiable warfare. We regret that other powers, whose opinions and eens«» of justice we esteem highly, have at times taken a different view, and have per mitted themselves, though we believe with reluct ance, to collect such debts by force. It is doubt less true that the non-payment of public debts may be accompanied by such circumstances of fraud and wrongdoing or violation of treaties as to Justify the use of force. This government would be glad to Bee an international consideration of the subject, which shall discriminate' between such cases and the simple non-performance of a contract with a private person, and a resolution In favor of reli ance upon peaceful means in cases of the latter class. It Is not felt, however, that the conference at Rio should undertake to make such a discrimination or to resolve ui>on such a rule. Most of the American countries are still debtor nations, while the coun tries of Europe are the creditors. If the Rio confer ence, therefore, were to take such action it would have the appearance of a meeting of debtors re eolvlng how their creditors should act, and this would not Inspire respect. The true course is in dicated by the terms of thn programme, which pro poses to roquest the second Hague conference, where both creditors and debtors will be assembled, to consider the subject. I^ast June trouble which had existed for soms | time between the republics of Salvador. Guate mala and Honduras culminated in war— a war which threatened to be Central America. ruinous to the countries in volved and very destructive to the commercial interests of Americans, Mexi cans and other foreigners who are taking an important part In the development of these countries. The thoroughly good understand in.* which exists between the United States and Mexico enabled this government and that of Mexico to unite in effective mediation between the warring republics; which mediation resulted, not without long 1 continued and patient effort, in bringing about a meeting of tlie representatives of the hostile powers on board a United States warship as neutral territory, and peace was there concluded; a peace which resulted In the saving of thousands of lives and in the preven tion of an incalculable amount of misery and the destruction of property and of the means of livelihood. The Rio conference passed the following resolution in reference to this action: That the third International American conference Bhall address to tlie Presidents of the United Stairs «..f America and of the United Btatea of Mexico a note In which the conference which is being \\ta>ir at Rio expresses its satisfaction at the happy r< : suits of their mediation tor the celebration of peace between the republics of Guatemala, lion- I duras and Salvador. This affords an excellent example of one way in which the Influence of the United States can properly be exercised for the benefit of the peo ples of the Western Hemisphere; that is, by action taken in concert with other American republics and therefore free from those sus picions and prejudices which might attach if the action were taken by one alone. In this way it is possible to exercise a powerful influence toward the substitution of considerate action In tha spirit of justice for the Insurrectionary or international violence which has hitherto been so great a hindrance to the development of many of our. neighbors. Repeated examples of united action by several or many American republics In favor of peace, by urging cool and reasonable Instead of excited and belligerent treatment of international controversies, cannot fail to pro mote the growth of a genera] public opinion among th»» American nations which will elevate the standards of international action, strengthen the sense of International duty among govern ments, and tell in favor of the peace of man kind. I have just returned from a trip to Panama and shall report to you at Panama Trip. length later on the whole sub ject of the Panama 'anal. The Algeclraa' Convention, which was signed by the United States as well as most of th« powers of Europe, supersedes the previous con vention of 1880, which was The Algeciras also signed both by the United Convention. States and a majority of the European powers. This treaty confers upon* us equal commercial rights with all European countries and does not entail .• single, obligation of any kind upon us, ami i earnestly hope it may be speedily ratified. To refuse to ratify it would merely mean that we forfeited our commercial rights In Morocco and would not achieve another object of any kind. In the event of such refusal wo would he We for the lirst time in a hundred and twenty years I without any commercial treaty v.iiii Morocco; and this at a tune when we are every where seeking new markets and outlets fr-r trade. The destruction of the Pribyloff Islands fur seals by pelagic sealing still continues. Th" herd, which, according to the surveys made hi 1574 by direction of th Fur Seals. Congress, numbered ■).:"■ "•»'. and which, according to the survey of both American and Canadian commissioners In 1.v.i1, amounted to 1,000,00 ii, has now been reduced to i bout IJSO.Ooo. This re sult has been brought about by Canadian and bo me other sealing vesa I killing the female seals while in the water during their annual pi! grimage to and from the south, or in search i r food. As ■ rule the female seal when killed is pregnant and also baa un un weaned pup ..-i land; bo that for each skin taken by pelagic sealing', as a rule, three liven are destroyed— th^ mother, the unborn offspring ami the nursing pup, which is left to starve to death. No dam age whatever is done to the herd by the care fully regulated killing on land; the custom of pelagic sealing la solely responsible- for all of thu present evil, ami is alike Indefensible fiom the economic standpoint and from tho standpoint of humanity. In I'-ih; over 1 <».<)< M» young s«-;ils were found : dead from starvation on the j iiii\ion' Islands. In IM»7 ii was estimated thai since pelagic sealing began upward of 400,000 adult female seals ha i been killed at s<-;i and over :\iv.i,**H) young s«\ii < had died of starvation as the result. The revolt ing barbarity of such a practice, as »ell as the wasteful destruction which it Involves, needs n i demonstration and is itf own condemnation. Th« Beting B** Tribunal, which sat In Pnrls in ls;i:;. and which decided against the claims of the Wilted States to exclusive jurisdiction In th«; -inters of the Bering Sea ami to a property rlchi in t ba fu BeaJs when outside of the three /,, '. i. rn |t determined also upon certain regula ?", W h|c'h the tribunal considers! BUffldent for the proper protection and preservation of th» i ; seal In or habitually resorting to the Bering Z- The tribunal by it regulations established a rift*e season, from May l to July 31. and e> : . eluded all killing in the waters WttWn flxtjf aUl«| around the Pribyloff Islands. They also provided that the regulations which they had determined upon, with a view to the protection and preser vation of the seals, should be submitted every five years to new examination, so as to enable both interested governments to consider whether, in the light of past experience, there was. occa sion for any modification thereof. The regulations have proved plainly inade quate to accomplish the object of protection and preservation of the fur seals, and for a long time thia government has been trying in vain to secure from Great Britain such revision and modification of the regulations as were contem plated and provided for by the award of the Tribunal of Paris. ■ The process of destruction has been acceler ated during recent years by the appearance of a number of Japanese vessels engaged in pelagic sealing. As these vessels have not been bound even by the inadequate limitations prescribed by the Tribunal of Paris, they have paid no atten tion either to the close season or to the sixty mile limited imposed upon the Canadians, and have prosecuted their work up to the very isl ands themselves. On July 10 and IT the crews from several Japanese vessels mai'.e raids upon the Island of St. Paul, and before they wero beaten off by the very meagre and Insufficiently armed guard they succeeded in killing several hundred seals and carrying off the skins of most of them. Nearly all the seals killed were fe males, and the. work was done with frightful barbarity. Many of the "seals appear to have been skinned alive and many were found half skinned and still alive. The raids were repelled only by the use of firearms, and five of the raiders were killed, two were wounded .md twelve captured, including the two wounded. Those captured have since been tried and sen tenced to imprisonment. An attack of this kinrt had been wholly unlooked for, but such pro vision of vessels, arms and ammunition will now be made that its repetition will not be found profitable. Suitable representations regarding the incident have been made to the government of Japan, and we are assured that all practicable measures will be taken by that country to prevent any re currence of the outrage. On our part, the guard on the Island will be Increased and better equipped and organized, and a better revenue cutter patrol service about the islands will be established; next season a United States war vessel will also be sent there. We have not relaxed our efforts to secure an agreement with Great Britain for adequate pro tection of the seal herd, and negotiations with japan , for the same purpose are in progress. \iJ he laws for the protection of the seals within the jurisdiction of the United States need re vision and amendment. Only the islands of St. Paul and St. George are now. In terms. Included In the. government reservation, and the other Islands are also to be included. The landing of aliens as well as citizens upon the islands, with out a permit from the Department of Commerce and Labor, for any purpose except In case of stress of weather or for water, should be pro hibited under adequate penalties The approach of vessels for the excepted purposes should be regulated.- The authority of the government agents on the Islands should be enlarged, and the chief agent should have the powers of a committing magistrate. The entrance of a ves sel into the territorial waters surrounding the islands with Intent to take seals should be made a criminal offence and cause of forfeiture. Au thority for seizures in such cases should be given, and the presence on any such vessel of seals or sealskins, or the paraphernalia for tak ing them, should be made prima facie evidence of such intent. I recommend what legislation is needed to accomplish these ends, and I com mend to your attention the report of Mr. Sims, of the Department of Commerce and Labor, on this subject. In case we are compelled to abandon the hope of making arrangements with other governments to put an end to the hideous cruelty now inci dent to pelagic sealing, it will be a question for your serious consideration how far we should continue to protect and maintain the seal herd on land, with the result of continuing such a practice, and whether it is not better to end the practice by exterminating the herd ourselves In the most humane way possible. In my last message I advised you that the Emperor of Russia had taken the initiative in bringing about a second peace conference at The Hague. Under the Second Hague guidance of Russia the ar- Conference. rangement of the prelimi naries for such a conference has been progressing during the last -"-ear. Prog ress lias necessarily been slow, owing to ■ the great number of countries to be consulted upon every question that has arisen. It is a matter Of satisfaction that all of the American republics have now. for the first time, been Invited to Join in the proposed conference. The close connection between the subjects to be taken up by the Red Cross conference held at Geneva last summer and the subjects which naturally would come before The Hague confer once made it apparent that It was desirable to have tho work of the Red Cross conference completed and considered by the different pow ers before the meeting at The Hague. Th« Re-! Cross conference ended its labors on the fith day of July, and tho revised and amended con vention, which was signed by the American dele gates, will be promptly laid before the Senate. By the special and highly appreciated cour tesy of tho governments of Russia and the Netherlands, a proposal to call The Hague con ference together at a time which would conflict with the conference of the American republics at Rio Janeiro in August was laid aside. No other date has yet been suggested. A tentative programme for the conference has been pro posed by the government of Russia, an.l the sub jects Which it enumerates are undergoing care ful examination and consideration in prepara tion for the conference. It must ever be kept In mind that war is not merely justifiable, but imperative, upon honora ble men. upon an honorable nation, where peace can only be obtained by the Peace and sacrifice of conscientious Righteousness. conviction or of national welfare. Peace is normally a great good, and normally it coincides with righteousness, but it is righteousness and not peace which should bind the conscience of a na tion aa it should bind the conscience of an in dividual; and neither a nation nor an individual can surrender conscience to another's keeping. Xeithi-r can a nation, which is an entity, ami which does not die as individuals die, refrain from taking thought for the interest of the gen erations that are to come, no less than for the interest of the generation of to-day; and no public nun have a right, whether from short sightedness, from selfish indifference or from sentimentality, to sacrifice national interests which are vital in character. A just war is la the long run far better for a. nation's soul than the most prosperous peace obtained by acquies cence in wrong or injustice. Moreover, though it is criminal for a nation not to prepare for war. so that it may escape the dreadful conse quences of being defeated In war. yet it mu?t always be remembered that even to be defeated in war may be far better, than not to have fought at all. As has been well and finely said, a beaten nation is not necessarily » disgraced na tion; but the. nation ■>!• man is disgraced if the obligation to defend right Is shirked. We should as a nation do everything in our power for the cause of honorable peace. It i* morally as indefensible for a nation to commit a wrong up6n another nation, strong or weak, as for an individual thus to wrong ("••Hows, We should do all In our power to hasten the day when there shall be peace among the nations — a 11.1 1. -;i. ■ based upon Justice and not upon cow ardly submission to wrong. We can accomplish a good deal in this direction, but we cannot ac complish everything, and the penalty of at tempting to do too much would almost Inev itably bo to <lo worse than nothing, for it must be remembered that fantastic extremists are hot in reality leaders of Ihe causes which they espouse, but are ordinarily those who do most to hamper the real leaders of the cause and to damage the cause Itself As yet there la no likelihood <>f establishing any kind of Interna tional power, of whatever sort; which can effect iv. |y check' wrongdoing, and In these circum stances it would be b.ith a foolish and -.>;, cril thing for a gnat and free nation to deprive its it' of the power '•• protect Its own rights an.l even 'i! exceptional <•* ••- ... stand up for the rights of others. Nothing would more promote Iniquity, nothing would further defer the reign vi n '-.nth of peace and righteousness, than for Hie ' .-.■,■ ami enlightened J»eoples which, though with mu'}n stumbling .in. i many short . ..mini:, neyortht,'*ss strive toward justice, it--- Hberntely to render themselves powerless white leaving every il«?«po'Um and barbarism armed and üble tv work th«lr wicked will. The chance for the settlement of dispute* peacefully, by ar bitration, now depends mainly upon the pos sepslon I>> the natlma that mean t.> do right i»f sufficient armed >ngth •■ snake their pur- I ..-.- effective. The United States \avv <* i*).* surest guar antor of pence which this country possesses. It is earnestly to be ■-■ * '••■i that we would profit by the teachings or history The Navy and In this matter A strong an.l Army. <*!*• people will study Its own failures no less than its triumph*. f*>r thwe is wisdom to be learned from the study pf both, of the mistake as well as of the success. Po ■ this purport* nothing rcmlrf be more Instructive than a rational -tudy of thu War of 1812. •»» it la told. tor Instance, )*-) *-- Captain Mahan. There was only one way In which that urn- could have been avoided. if • luring th.' preceding twelve years a navy rela tively as strong a.3 'hat which this country now has "had been built up. and an army provided relatively as good as that which the country no* baa. there ■ nevor.. wouM have been the slightest necessity of fighting the war: and If the necessity had arisen, the war would, under such circumstances, have ended with our speedy and overwhelming triumph. But our people dur ing - those twelve years refused to maks any preparations whatever regarding either the army or the navy. They saved a million or two of dollars by so doing: and In mere money paUl a hundredfold for each million they thus saved during the three years of war which followed — a war which brought untold suffering upon our people, which at on© time threatened the gravest national ' disaster, and which, in spite of th-» necessity of waging it. resulted merely in what was In effect a drawn battle, while the balance of defeat and triumph was almost even. I do not ask that we continue to Increase our navy. I ask merely that It be maintained at Us present strength: and this can be done only if we replace the obsolete and outworn ships by new and good ones, the equals of any afloat in any navy. To stop building ships for one year means that for that year the navy goes back instead of forward. The old battl-ship Tan* for Instance, would now be of little service in a stand-up fight with a powerful adversary. Th« old double turret monitors have outworn their usefulness, while it was a waste of money to build the modern single turret monitors. All these ships should be replaced by -others, and this can be done by a well settled programme of providing for the building each year of at least one first claps battleship equal In size ami speed to any that any nation is at th*> same time building; the armament presumably to con sist of as large a number as possible of very heavy guns of one calibre, together with smaller guns to repel torpedo attack; while ther» should hp heavy armor, turbine engines and. In short, every modern device. Of course, from time to time, cruisers, colliers, torpedo boat destroyers or torpedo boats will have to be built also. All this, be it remembered, would not Increase our navy, but would merely keep It at its present strength. Equally of course, the ships will be absolutely useless If the men aboard them are ■not so trained that they can get the 'best pos sible service out of the formidable but delicate and complicated mechanisms intrusted to their care. The marksmanship of our men has so improved during the last five yearn that I deem it within bounds to say that the navy Is more than twice as efficient, ship for shir, as half a decade ago. The navy can only attain proper efficiency if enouglx officers and men are pro vided and If these officers and men are given the chance (and required to take advantage of it) to stay continually at sea and to exercise the fleets singly and above all in squadron, the ex ercise to be of every kind and to Include unceas ing practice, at the guns, conducted under con ditions that will test marksmanship In time or war. In both the army and th» navy there is urgent need that everything possible should be done ra maintain the highest standard for the personnel. alike as regards the officers and the enlistea men. Ido not believe that in any service there Is a finer body of enlisted men and of Junior or ficers than we have In both the army and tne navy, including the marine corps. All possible encouragement to the enlisted men should t)«» given, in pay and otherwise, and everything practicable done to render the service attractive to men of th* right type. They should be he.d to the strictest discharge of their duty, and In them a spirit should be encouraged which de mands not the mere performance of duty, but the performance of far more than duty, if it conduces to the honor and the interest of th» American nation; and in return the amplest consideration should be theirs. "West Point and Annapolis already turn out ex cellent officers. We do not need to have these schools made more scholastic. On the contrary, we should never lose sight of the fact that the aim of each school is to turn out a man who shall be above everything else a fighting" man. In the army In particular it is not necessary that either the cavalry or infantry officer should have special mathematical ability. Probably in both schools th© best part of the education Is the high standard of character and of professional morale which it confers. But in both services there la urgent need for the establishment of a principle of selection which will eliminate men after a certain age If they cannot be promoted from the subordinate ranks, and which will bring into, the hlghefr ranks fewer men, and these at an earlier Ag?. This principle of selection will be objected to by good men of mediocre capacity who are fitted to do well while young in the lower positions, but who are not fitted to do well when at an ad vanced age they come into positions of command and of great responsibility. But the desire of these- men to be promoted to positions which they are not competent to fill should not weigh against the interests of the navy and the coun try. At present our men. especially in the navy, are kept far too long in the junior grades, and then, at much .too advanced an age, are put quickly through the senior grades, often not at taining to these senior grades until they are too old to be of real use In them; and if they are of real use, being put through them so quickly that littla benefit to th» navy comes from their hav ing been in them at all. The navy has one great advantage over th» army in th© fact that the officers of high rank are actually trained In the continual perform ance of their duties— that is. In the management of the battleships and armored cruisers gathered into fleets. This Is not true of the army offi cers, who rarely have corresponding chances to exercise command over trooDs under service conditions. The conduct of th» Spanish War showed the lamentable loss of life-, the useless extravagance and the inefficiency certain to re sult If during peace the high officials of th* "War and Navy departments are praised and re warded only If they save money at no matter what cost to the efficiency of the service, and If the higher officers are given no chance what ever to exercise and practise command. For years prior to the Spanish War the Secretaries of War were praised chiefly if they practiced economy, which economy, especially in connec tion with the quartermaster, commissary and medical departments, was directly responsible for most of the mismanagement that occurred In the war Itself and parenthetically be it ob served that the very people who clamored for the misdirected economy in the first place wera foremost to denounce the mismanagement, loss and suffering which were primarily due to this yam* misdirected economy and to the lack of preparation it involved. There should soon be an increase in the number of men for our coast defences; these men should be of the right type and properly trained; and there should therefore be art increase of pay for certain skilled grades, especially in the coast artillery. Money should be appropriated to permit troops to be massed in body and exercised In manoeuvres, particular ly in marching. Such exercise during the sum mer just passed has been of incalculable benefit to the army, ant. should under no circumstances be discontinued. If on these practice marches and in these manceuvrea elderly officers prove unable to bear the strain, they should be retired at once, for the fact is conclusive as to their unfitaesa for war— thai i*. for the only -purpose because of which they should be allowed to stay In the service. It is a real misfortune to have scores oo t * small company or regimental posts scattered throughout the country; the army should be gathered in a few brigade or division posts and the generals should he practised in handling the "men In masses. Neglect to pro vide for all of this means to Incur the risk of future disaster and disgrace. The readiness and efficiency of bath th© army and navy in dealing with the recent sadden crisis in Cuba illustrate Bit sail their value to the nation. This readiness and efficiency would have been very much less had it not been for the existence of the General Staff in the army and the ';en.-r:.i Hoard In the. navy; both are essential to the proper development and use of our mili tary forces afloat and ashore. The troops that were sent to Cuba were handled flawlessly. It was the swiftest mobilization and dispatch of troops oversea ever accomplished by our govern ment The expedition landed completely equipped and ready for immediate service, several of its organizations hardly remaining In Havana wer night before splitting up into detachments and going to their several posts. It was a fine dem onstration of ike value and efficiency of the General Staff. Similarly, it was owing In large part to ins General Board that tha navy was aMe ot the outset to meet the Cuban crisis with such instant efficiency; ship after ship appearing on the shortest notice at any threatened point, while the marine rorpa In particular performed Indispensable service. The army and navy war collegts are of Incalculable value to the two services, anil they co-operate with constantly in rreMsing efficiency and importance. The Congress baa most wisely provided for a national board for the promotion of rirte prac tice. Excellent results have already eeaan from this law. but It does not go far enough. Our regular army. la so small that in any great war we should i a-..- to trust mainly i«i voJunteers; and In Much even! these volunteers should al ready know how to shoot; for If a soldier has the lighting edge, and ability to inks earn of him self lii tin* open, hi* efficiency m the line of battle '- almost directly proportionate to excel lence in marksmanship^ We should establish shooting galleries hi all the large public nn.i military schools, should maintain national tar get ranges in different parts of the country, ami should in every way encourage the formation of rifle clubs throughout all parts of the land. Th« littl* public of Switzerland offers' us an excellent example- In all matters connected with building up an efficient citizen soldiery. THK' >DORE KOOP EV EI/T. Tin White House iv 3. 19*>>. fTh" »'MrMi d«Uvered by 9^rr«!itar> # Root at ti:» Pan-American O»nf»renc* in Hio Janeiro, to which tha President r*fen. ma* printed In Th* Tribune on August 1.1 Autumn "Resorts. SBW JCKSEI. LAKE WOOD. >'. J. BARTLETT INN. Op«n ait tti» rear. Writ* for Illustrated book.'at. C M BARTUKTT. HOTEL ~tr/\ y more" ATLANTIC CITY. Overlooking th» Ore»». Open all (a* **■*. TKAVMfIRF. Horr.r CO. - . CHAS. O. MARQL'ETTE. D 9. WHIT& : J Manager. ~ mil— < HOTEL DENNIS ATLANTIC CITY. N. .1. OPEN TIinOUOHOCT THE TEAR. ' C-r«rvpyln» „* » a half a Miv x on th* ocean fr<»nt. ''On* hundred prlvu* bntfca. with i,. n •-» and '-•-•h watt* :■ WALTER J. BUZ3T. CHALFONTE ATLANTIC CITY. 3T. J. ON THE BEACH. FIREPROOr ALWAYS OPEN* THE LEEDS COMPANY. fflarlboroo3b>£knl)etm ATLANTIC CITY. S. J. THE PENNHURST ; Ocean arj Michigan Ay«. Atlantic City. N. J. Jtosma »a •utti, with bath-'*; lone dtstar.. « 'phones In rooms; elevate* to street, special Fait and Winter rates. KB. R. HOOD. HOTT.I. Xl IiOLF. Atlantic City N. J. - . • . Directly on the Beach, tipacial Winter R»UaV NEW TOU. HOTEL GRAMATAN BBOMVILLE. IVZSTCHXSTKB CO. 3T. T. OPEN AM. THE TEAK. The most d*:ui.tful health and l«e«ure r— ort near JfMr Tork. New and modern: complete In •» < rrr detail «| »»rvlr« and equipment: refined, quiet and •icluyiv*. >»> rial Wint-r rat»* from Nov. Ist until Ma* tat. TnfllWf from Grand Central via Harlem Division N. T. C. ■• trains dally. Stl for new Illustrated booklet. J. J. LANNIN CO.. Prop*.. BKmavUle. jr. T. ; Also Pr>i>a. Garden City Hotel. Garden City. I* L, GARDEN CITY PB HOTEL A magni.icent. high-class, modera He*«i.fn the aa««aBl •pot of Long lalajd: rennod. a-.ilat. ezcluat've. Lsoa *>»■ tanre telephone In every room. New *la Cart* Mm taurant. Is miles from N. T. OPEN ALL THE TEAK. Special Inter Rates from Nov. ll* May I. - ■ J. J. LANNIN CO.. Prop*.. Oar-den City, U L Also Props. Hotel Gramafaa. BrasxrUia> V. T. — ELEGANTLY FURNISHED APARTMXNT. **£ • vat* bath. tl-50 dally; Including meal*, twe* 11l weekly: one. 115. THE ALABAMA. 1* E. llt» at - ■ « TTBOCffXJL VIRGINIA HOT SPRINGS NEW YORK OFFICE. 543 FIFTH AVKUVM. Water*, baths, hotels and environments B«wh*r« equalled. Rheumatism, gout and narrous diseases) cured. Complete hydro-therapeutic apparatus. •**■»■ as* palm room and sun parlor. Oolf. rldln*. 'Artvtßfji and other outdoor pastlmea. Through sl*«p«r* 1— itm . New York 4.35 P. V week days. Ticket* and Toll man reservations C A O. O9ce. 162 Broadway. aa£ office* Pennaylvanla Railroad. FK#P STKRRY. Manager. Hot Spring* Va> Winter Resorts. FLORIDA. -GEM OB* THE WINTER RESORT*" THE BELLEVIEW ANT> COTTAGE 9. BEUEAIR. FLORIDA. np«r..i Saturday. January 12th. lt»T. THE CENTRE OF WINTER GOUT. Hunting. Driving, Ritltng. GoUlnff. Sailing. Fishing and Bathinar Illustrated Booklet on application. Address B. H. YARD. Manager. 71 Broadway. %'■•-• Tork. until Jan. Ist. After that dat» to BeUeatr. F!a. BERMTD.A. HAMILTON HOTEL BERMUDA OPEN DECEMBER TO MAY Elevated location, overlooking city, harbor and Victoria Park. Send for Illustrated booklet. A. C. BROOKS. Manager. ■. ''S^v THADE IN CHICAGO. i By Talagraph to Th* Trfbrrn*.! Chicago. Dec. 4.— Wheat held strong throughout th* session, though trad* in tha last boor was dull. At tht« dose December was up Tic and Ma.v '■ie higher. Corn closed steady to a shad* b*t»r and oars : ,o to »- 4 t: higher. Provision* war* actt-***. especially ribs. which were bought frwtty b«cau** of small stocks. Pork close.l Vie to 13H<» hlgna». lard 2^ higher and bacon T^o to 100 higher. Th» demand for December wheat at th» opanlng waa made at '♦■• advance on closing flg\ir«» of the day before, and th« offerings, even at such tm;uuv» nient. were BmalU May delivery was lass promi nently firm immediately, but It also waa at a aHgbe gain upon yesterday's final figures. Th« mittot Increased In strength during th« forenoon. •»<* there was also a marked tncrmas ta th* votaxa* of tha trade done. D«c«mber opened at n%a. tola up to 7+^v-, then reacted to Tio. May sold ft»m TSo to 7S»ic to 7S s to TSH* to TV+z. Corn tar •>- livery £'.'■» month was easy, owing to free a*Htn# by tha large cash interests, against tnaraaaad offerings from th« country. December •pace* as 424 c. aold at 42ftc to Cio. May sold £mm •*• to ■C'ic. Oats wore fairly active and strong Th«» was a good class of buying for May delivery. botH tar local and Northwest account, while aborts m &►• ■■•ember covered on strength m the more distant futures. May sold at :»o: »o to 36a. up t* W»<* •» to 26^0 to 35V- In provision* prices displayed «<ma!d«raMe strength. January pork sold at *U9ft. up to CAM. January lard sold at S3 50. off to 8 "in* to 0 SB, W to $8 55. January ribs sold at JTSTTVi up to •<* t» THE DOYEN OF POLO PLAYERS. The oldest polo player still on the active polo tML Lord Harrington. ha» hunted tho South Notts conn try with his own hounds for practically a quarter of a century, and during that time has bees a prominent playing member of Hurllngham. Be tween ISSS, when the tournament was Instituted, and 18S9. he won tha County Cup five t!mw, and was In th* Sussex County team that won the Champion Cup In 1892; while* as recently as last year he IM his Flvaston team to victory— which, by the way. Included another k- -v veteran in the person of V. J. Mackey— ln tha tournament for the OsteniS Chat lerge Cup. Captain R. U. Hey gate, who has just taken over th ■> mastership of the North Hereford ■hire. uh»-.1 to be the honorary secretary of th^ Worcestershire Folo Club, while Sir William Cook*-. his predecessor, who has been appointed master of the Ledbury. Is alao ,i pluyer. , I-orrt Kensington, who controls th« Pembroke shire, wa* the Xo. 1 of the 15th Hussars team that won tv- Indian Inter-Regimental in !*«. Ha often plays at Kan-lagh. where his brother, the late Lori Kensington, of the .a l-»:'- Guards, s.-.i to be such a welt known player. Viscount Helinsley. M. I*.. the master of the Sins: ngt •:-.. a Yorkshire pack. was in th* winning Oxford University team of X?CI. U.r.l Huntingdon, the Joint master of the North Staffordshire, Is >•! active supporter of the King's County Polo Club. In Ireland. Another master wtn> plays polo Is A. Seven Dv Mont, who has this year taken •*.-- the East Sussex, and so Is O«or«e Kvans. the joint ma3ter of th« Tiekham. and form erly of the Cambridgeshire. Lord Dathurst. of th* V. W. H leads the ( irenceater Polo Club a ground 1n his park. In Scotland. Colonel A. Sprot. wh.i has Just taken over the Fife Hounds, and unsuc cessfully stoo>l for Parliament at the la«t genera! election, used to play wit 1 th« C&xabtoiars (itJi Dragoon tiuard^' up to 1904, wt«n he vacated th» i-omm^ii'l of that restment. Th» a^retary of aa ottier Scottish pack. th« Llnlithgow and StlrMng »».*:■» la J. Hr R-utherfur«t. who ■*.-• also se-jxetary •* the only polo club in Scotland— th» Edinburgh polo Club— with which T. B. Pr\-brcm«h and. hla.QlpUia«. th« 'at* W. J. Drybrough. thu-fasaou* \;ac« ttf tlha Rugby i«m used to be «o Intimately ccna*SMsV-« Pail Mall ■'.•\«*tre. 13