Newspaper Page Text
BUILT FOR TUBERCULOSIS PATiENTS. A dormitory on the Cleveland Municipal Farm. A CITY'S FAIiM COLOSY. Cleveland Hopes to Make Prisoners and Patients Self-Supporting. By \\. Frank M« < Inn-. Cleveland, Dec. 1"> -Cleveland'a new f.irm e<>i ony nf I.: ".»m> acres, on which are being grouped In separate villages the city workhouse prison ers, the infirmary wards and the patients buf fering from tubercular disease, represents an in novation in municipal affairs that is bound to attract attention. The population of this city farm, already numbi riiiK Into the hundreds will ultimately reach two thousand. The present ana will probably be increased to five thousand acres when all the » ity's penal, sanitary and philanthropic institutions shall have been moved from the busy streets far into the country. The new plan not only represents a philanthropy, but also an economy, one department or insti tution being made to serve another, to tin end that the whole is to become self-supporting, if the hopes entertained for it are realized. The site of this new city farm is some ten miles from the central part of Cleveland, near the little rural town of Wamnsvillo. It is six hundred feet abeve Lake Erie, the highest point in Cuyahoga County. The air is just the thing for tubercular troubles, and the land produces just the crops which are most needed in the maintenance of city institutions, while, in addi tion to farming occupations for the prisoners, :h< re an- stonr quarries of goodly dimensions. A mile of electric railway has been built by the city from the centre of the farm to an In terurban road leading into town. Tho farm is also provided with its own car, which has the privilege of running over the various electric imsn s of the city. This car is equipped with cots r patii nts unable to ride in the seats, and has sn apartment for freight in addition, to the pas lenger quarters. Nearly a mile to the west of the fi« Id terminal )f the colony railway 1 found, when I visited the place the other day, seventy prisoners at work 'in the open ni r. They were living in cottages (there I r - ■ 11 bars are unknown. One young man has hauling turnips from the fields. The turnip ■T"i> had been planted, cultivated and dug by : fi >m the Cleveland workhouse. Across ; : . '1 other prisoners were burying large : ties of potato s and cabbages for the win ter. 1 in anoth< r field was still in the shock, rind there were many acres of it. On a distant liiJl were thirty cows belonging to the city of Ck-vt-land. "Stay until 4:;<>, and you will see I!*' ; risoru r.s milking," remarked one of the rof the city's wards. Already the colony is furni hing not only supplies for its own sub t\ nee, but is ship]. ing milk and vegetables to 1 ■ divisions of the city's institutions which bai not \it been moved to Warrensville. liisht in the heart of the woods a "trusties' " lodge is being erected at a cost of ?I'»,<mm>. The prisoners, under capabli supervision, are build- Ing it. J-atcr it is planned to sell the big I n k REAL WOMEN SEWING CLOTHING IN BEDROOM. AS SHOWN FIGURES OF CHILDREN STRIPPING TOBACCO AT THE PHILADELPHIA EXHff ! HON i N A CELLAR. NEW-YORK DAILY TRiBUNE, SUNDAY, DKCEMISKR IG, IMO. workhouse structure downtown. It would bring enough to put up a great modern plant upon the farm. This plant will be within an toclosnre, and, v ifli the prisoners as the workmen, will provide the power for lighting and operating ;ill the Institutions of the colony. All prisoners who can be trusted will have work on the farm. All the others will work within the Inclosure About 5:30 o'clock in the evening the present corps of orisoners at the farm come in from their various activities and get their suppers v a farmhouse which has been converted into a dining ball. After supper they sit around and talk, and at 8:30 o'clock they retire. Their beds are arranged in rows as in a hospital ward. When all are in l.ed the superintendent calls the roll and then they sleep til! early morning. On Saturday afternoon they quit work at 2 o'clock and take the shower baths- 1 rovided f< r them. Each man takes a change of clothing provided by the city with him, and his s-nil.-l clothes go to one of the other city institution-; to be washed. The nun go and come across the fields to the bathhouse as they please and not under guard. Once in a while one escapes, but FIGURES OF CHILDREN LABORING IN A GLAS3 FACTORY. not often. Most of them appreciate these sur roundings so much over real workhouse life that they have little thought of running away. On Sundays they sit about the cottages or fields and read or taik. Nearly ;i mile and a half from where the seventy prisoners are at work the buildings of the tuberculosis hospital are rising. One hun dred patients from the city are already taking the fresh air treatment. Within a year or two BRINGING THE SLUMS INTO THE LIMELIGHT. arrangements will be completed to take care of one or two hundred more. As the patients move ahcut from place to place In the day «-ach one carries in his hand a small pasteboard box. By pressing the thumb upon a small Inn the cover is lifted and the patient expectorates Into the cup. The lid Is then closed Each day the boxes are burned in a little furnace in the field. Three-quarters of a mile south of the tuber culosis village at Warrensville la the infirmary «- ' ON THE CLEVELAND MUNICIPAL FARM. One of the farm buildings in which the prisoners eat and sleep, surrounded by fresh coun~ try air, but no iron bars. department of the colony. Hf-r<\ too, are some of the barns for the storing of hay and for the sheltering of horsep. Eventually the city farm is expected to raise all the hay that will be necessary for the horses in the rir- and police departments throughout the entire city. Wheat is to be grown and a grist mill established which will furnish the flour for all »he baking for the different villages in the colony. Rach cottaxe is to have a separate plot of ground for a garden. Those who occupy these cottages will be grouped parti] according to age ami partly with reference to other qualifica tions. r i'i. ;e will, for example, be a cottage for old women. Another cottage will be given to a group of men of similar tastes, in order that their companionship may Ix congenial. "With the cottages grouped about the kitchen, meals will be served with case and dispatch. CHILD I.ABOU EFIL& , Portrayed in a Unique Exhibition To Be Shore n in Various Cities* Philadelphia, Dec. 13.— Vividly portrayfcos C£ evils of child labor by means of theatrical ECCnc^ the women of the New Century Club and Cia Civic Club, in conjunction with the Pennsyl vania Child Labor Committee. opened here last week the first of a series of exhibitions to be held In all the large cities of the country. Realistic mi showing actual conditions in many phases of Industrial life in America were set up around the hall, with figures painted la exact Imitation of conditions found and photo graphed in sweat shops, tenement world and cellars where children have been discovered toiling lons hours for meagre pay. One of the scenes represented a night incident in a glass factory where boys of fourtt-en years work ten hours a day. Another showed the coal breakers of the Pennsylvania mines, with the boys bent over their work sorting the black diamonds. "Stogie making In Pittsburgh was the title of a scene reproduced from a photograph, la the dark, dirty cellar of a tenement a thirteen year-old girl is stripping tobacco for a manu facturer. The hours are unlimited and aha earns from •*:.' to ?3 a week. The streets on the night before Christmas were shown filled with busy child workers in contrast to a scene in a well to-do home where the children were as!eep. the Christmas tree trimmed and the stockings hung by the chimney piece filled with present.?. According to charts hung around the room, there are 1.Tu0.000 child laborers In the United States between the ages of ten and fifteen years, of whom 500,000 are girls. Another chart shows that there are more child laborers in Pennsyl vania alone than in North and South Carolina, Georgia and Maryland. To make the conditions as real as possible, actual workers were shown toiling in exact imitation of the situation in the sweat shops and cellar workshops. It is asserted by those who are interesting themstlves in this exhibi tion that In the case of one woman found at work preparing rags for carpets she could earn only from 3?™ to IS cents a day. "One million seven hundred thousand children, practically uneducated, are toiling over here, and growing up. darkened, massed and danger ous, into the American future," says IL G. Wells, the writer. "In Massachusetts little naked boys are packing cloth into bleach ing vats in a bath of chemicals that bleaches their little bodies like the bodies of lepers; ia the South there are six times as many children at work as there wore twenty years ago, and each year more little ones are brought In from the fields and hills to live in the degrading atmosphere of the mill towns; in Pennsylvania children of ten and eleven stoop over •'..■ chute and pick out slate and other impurities from the coal as It passes th.-m, for ten or eleven hour* a day; In Illinois they stand ankle deep in blood, cleaning intestines and trimming meat; altogether, the children between the ages of five and fourteen forced to toil In factories, mines and slaughter houses compose nearly one-sixth of our entire population. These work tap: children cannot be learning to read— thnn.^h they will presently be having votes; they canmt grow up fit to bear arms, to b*\ In any sense but a vile, computing sweater's sens<\ men: so miserably they will avenge themselves by sup plying the stuff for vice, for crime, for yet more criminal and political manipulations." C. KLACKNER PAINTINGS AM) WATEi; COLONS. ETCHINGS AM) MK2ZOTINT* rUTNTKD IN COt-OR. 7 W. 2Sth Street. Also i II. i\ mirk. t. 1 uiuluu.